E.. M. WILLIAMSON'S
"Southern Corn for the South"
For a number of years after I"b
gan to farm, I followed the old-time
method of putting...the fertilizer all
under the corn, planting on a level
higher, six by three foot, pushing the
plant from the start and making a
big stalk, but the ears wore few, and'
frequently small. I planted much
corn in the spring and bought much
more corn the next spring, until fi
nally I was driven to the conclusion
that corn could not be made on up
lands in this section, certainly not by
the old method, except at a loss.
I (lid not give up, however, for I
knew that the farmer who did not
make his own corn never had sue
ceeded, and never would, so 1 beginn
to experiment. First I planted low
er, and the yield was better, but the
sta!k was still too large; so I discon
tinued altogether the application of
fertilizer before planting, and, know
ing that all crops should be fertilized
as a side application, and applied
the more soluble nitrate of soda later,
being guided in this by the excellent
results obtiined from its use as a top
dressing for oats. Still, the yield,
though regular, was not large, and
the smallness of the stalk itself now
suggested that they should be planted
- thicker in the drill. This was done
the next year, with results so satis
factory that I continued-from year to
year to increase the number of stalks
and the fertilizer with which to sus
tain them; also to apply nitrate of
soda at last plowing, and to lay by
early, sowing peas broadcast. This
method steadily increased the yield,
until year before last (1904), with
corn eleven inches apart in six-foot
rows, and $11 worth of fertilizer to
the acre, I made eighty-four -bushels
average to the acre, several of my
best acres making as much as 125
Last year (1905) I followed the
same method, planting the first week
in April, seventy neres which had
produced the year before 1.000 pouids
seed cotton per acre. This land is
sandy upland, somewhat rolling.
Seasons were unfavorable, owing to
the tremendous rains in May and the
dry and extremely hot weather late e.
From June 12th to Julv 12th. ti
time when it most needed moistm.
there was only*v five-eights of an ipeh
of rainfall here; yet with $7.011 cost
of fertilizer, my yield was Affy-two
bushels per acre. Row* /were six
feet and corn sixteen/in'ches in drill.
With this method/on land that will
'arily producc 1,000 pounds of
otton wiq /.00 pounds of fer
fifty b)Ifshels of corn per acre
d b<e ate by using 200 po linds
of cotton seed meal, 200 pounds of
cid phosphate, and 400 pounds of
ainit mixe , or their equivalent in
ther fertili .or, and 125 pounds of
. tirjte of soda, all to b)e usedl as side
pplication as directed belowv.
On land tihat will make a hale and
nc-half offecotton per acre when wecll
ertilized, A hundred bushels of corn
hould be produced by doubling the
mount of fertilizor above, except
iat 300 pounds of nitrate of soda
ould be0 used.
n each case there should be left
and in corn stalks, peas, vines
ts from $12 to $16 worth
Ii/'ng material per acre, be
at benefit to the land
o an amount of vege
The place of this in
t improvement of land
taken by commercial
it is absolutely impos
lands rich as long as
ing in vegetable mat
be thoroughly and
for corn, and this is
system of rotation to
I. Cotton requires a
soil than corn, and
il is essential to its
,it will not produce
open land where
1 will not only
than a shallowv
si, but it wvill
as more dry
r wa een chonned,
InI in pea vines it will not choko or
Never plow land when it is wet. if
Von expect ever to bave any use for
Bed with turn plows in six-foot
rows. lea%virt five-inch bWlk. Whnn
ready to p, nt. break this out with
,cotter, foll -vin! in bottom of this
Currow (loep wvith Dixic plow. winl
taken off. Ridgen then on .this fur
row with spme plow,AN still going deep.
I1n cort pill'iter on this ridge, drop
pini on -ruain every five or si.x
miehles. PlInt early, as sooun as frot
langer a inst say first s?asonable
4iIll n fter lareh 15th, in this section.
P'.Il)aeia!ly is earli, planting necessairy
a very rich Intids where stalks can
rot otherisitP be nreveited from
rowin too hirGe. Give first working
w;it barrow lr any plow that will
lot covve ihv p!anit. For second
w'o rk in i,r. i-e ten or twelve-incli
;Weln on hoi!, sides of corn, whici
4,i11ld now ihe abont ei'lit inches
ii:h.' Thin after this working. It is
10t neevssar.y that the plants should
be left all the same distance apart
if the right number remain to enc
yard or row.
Corn shouhl not he worked tain
Imtil the gmoth ha. been ro refarlded
Id the s!talk e. hmrdenled that it will
NIVer ow too Inrt-e. This is the
most ( diflierIt poi!t in1 t0he whole pro
:ess. Epr*V*iee riot jIigmen -
re101ired to know jr..:4t how nim II thI
1k shculd be stintest. and plenltN
1' nerve is reqcuired To hold baek voPI
orn l wh!n your *,1Meighbors. vIo 'rr.
ilzed at ri'ting timne anrd enitiv.f
?d irapidlv, I-'ve Corn tvice fl,e ':
of yours. (They are having their
rirn now. Yourrs will com. at harvest
ime.) The richer the l:nd ithIe nore
ecessary it is tlat lie sItinting pro
lvl: should be thoroie-hlv done.
When you are convineed that your
orn has hewr sif.irien! l l hum ii fetd
vou mar berin to mnke the car. TI
h l,now 1- forrm6+-o
,eni inches high. and look worse than
i'ol have ever had airy corn to look
Put half of yonr mixed fertilizer
'this being the first used at all) inl
be old sweep-furrov on both sides
if everyv other middle. and cover bv
>reaking out this middle with irn
)low. About one week later t reat
ire other middle fthe same wav.
Vithin a few days side corn inl first
niddl.e with sixteen-ineli sween. Put
11 yonr nitrate of soda in this fur..
ow. if less than 150 pounds. If more
se one-half of it now. Cover wit hi
Me furrow of finrn11 plow. then sow
Pease in the miidle broadenst at the
-ate of at least one bushel to the
Cr1, and finish breaking out.
In a few flavs side corn in other
niddle wvith same sweep. put balance
f nitrate of soda in this furrow if
t has been divided cover with tirn
low, sow peas and break out. This
ays by your crop, with a good bed
nd plenty of dirt around your stalk.
'his should be from ,lune 10th to 20th
unless season is very late, and corn
hould be hardly bunching for tassel.
Lay by early. More corn is ruined
>y late p-lowing than by lack of plow
nrg. This is w~hren the car is hrrt.
['wo good rains after laying by should
nake you a good cr'op of cor'n. and
t will certainly make with murch less
'ain than . was required in the 01(d
Tire stalks thuns raised are veryv
mall arid do not require anything
ike tire moisture even in pr'oportiorn
o size, that is necessarv for lar'ge
rappy stalks. Threy may, threrefore,
e left much thicker in thre row. This
s no new process. It has long been
custom to cut back v'ines and trees
n order to increase the yield and(
iluality of fruit; and so long as you
1o not hold back your corn, it will
~o, like inre so long went, all to
Do not be discoraged by thre looks
)f your corn during tire pr-ocess of
miltivation. It will yield out of all
>roportion to its appearance. Large
rtalks cannot mnal.e lar'ge yileds, ex
rept with extremely favorable sea
sorns, for they cannot stanrd a lack of
noistre. Eairly applications of man
ire go to make lar'ge stalks, which
you do riot want, and( tihe plani. food
s all thurs used rup before tIre ear,
which you do want, is made. Tahl
rtalks not only will not. produrce well
hemselves, burt will nrot allowv you to
nake. tihe pea vines. s0 necessary t
-e impr'ovement of land. Corn rais
~d by this method shorrld never gro~
>ver' .'evenr arnd one-half feet hri2h,
mnd tihe ear should be near to thre
T considecr the final application of
ritrafe of soda an essenrtial point in
this oar-making pr'ocess. It shoulid
inlways be applied at last plowving
md rurmixed with other fertilizers.
I am satisfied with one ear to tine
stalk uniless a pr'olifie variety is
planted, arnd leave a hrurdr'ed stalks
for every bushel that I expect tc
make. I find tire six-foot row easiest
to cultivate withIout injiuring tire corn.
For fifty burshrels to thre acr'e I leave
it sixteen inchres apart; for seventy
five burshels to the acre, -twelve in
aires nnnrt and for nne hrrndied knhiu.
els, eight inches apart. Corn should
he planted from four fo six inche
below the level and hill by from four
to six inches above. No hoeing should
be necessary. and middles may be
kent'clean until time break out, by
using barrow or by rinnin one
shovel furrow in centre of niidle an(d
bedding on that with one or more
rounds of turn plow.
I would advise only n few acres
tried by this method the first year. or
until you are fnmiliar witi its apli
cation. Especially is it iard at first.
to fully carry out the stntin,, provess
where a whole crop is imnNolved, and
this is the absolutely essential part
of the process.
This wethod T have applied, or
seen annlied successfully to all
kinds of land in thi., section. we.,pi
wet lands and moist bottoms. and I
am confident it enl he mande of !rr(ert
benefit throtrhouit. the entire Soluti.
In tie Ilidlel West. wheCre Cortn is
so prolific and profitable. and where.
infortuna tel v for ts, so mCh of olns
has been prodit-ed. th!- stalk dces noe
natuiralv girow N-.rtre. As we comte
Sonthl iff4 s;;e inervnse S. nf tho e
11ens' of the ear. tntil it) Cnha. and
Ne(o. it is Ieari-hy all stalk (wit ne
Tihe p o Ili' m ed d is Ic
climinate thiq ff,n1enev < f co,-n ff
overgrowth at the ex:pwicese of yield i
thiis Sol'Itern clinate.
1r this method T hve mnde m,
corn erop more proPtable than mi
votton crop. an'l Iy\ neizhbors On 1
Friends who have -Idopfed it have
without exception, der;ved great ben
Plant your own seefl. T wonld no,
advise a chionge of seed and mietho
the same year. as you will not the
know from which ou have derive-'
the benefit. T hnve usedl three v
riti.?s and all have done well. I ho
nlever uisled Ithis method for late plan'
in .. Tn fact, T flo not (Ivise t.
late pllnntitn of corn. unless it b
neeessary for col lowlands.
The increased cost of laior an
ihe high -ice of mnterial and lnn-'
are rapidi,- making farming unprofi
table, except to those who are gettin,
from one nere what they formnie-1
got from two. We must. make our
lands richer by plowing deep, plant
ing peas and other legumes, manuring
them with acid phosphate and potash,
which are relatively chenp, and ro
turning to the soil the re.ttltant vege
table matter rich in hiits and ex
pensive nitrogen. The needs of our
soil are such that the South can nPv
eI real) the full measure of prosperity
that. should be hers until this is
I give this method as a farmer to
the farmers of the South, trusting
that thereby they may be benefitted
as I have 1-n.
E. k AVER WILLIAMSON.
.Tohn T. Fay, mind reader, com
mitted suicide in Oakland. Cal.
Dr. Paul is to settle the disputes
between Venezuela and France and
Plans were made for America's
army of occupation to begin to evacu
Castro said he should put no obsta
cle in the way of Venezuela making
her peace with other nations.
Five hunodred guests attended the
dinner of the Pan-American Scientific
Congress at Santiago de Chili.
The American Roentgen Ray So
ciety completed plans for its three
days' convention in New York City.
AdIvices from Caracas say that the
people in all parts of the country wel
come the policy of Pr'esident Gomez.
Patrick T. Alexander, an English
experimenter. pr'edictedi that aero
nauts would learn to fly without mo
It was announced at Buffalo that
the foot and mouth disease quaran
tine in New York State had beeni mod
Eleven men were killed in a riot at
Tungan, twenty miles north of Ainoy,
following an endeavor to enforce the
Venezuelans freed fronm political
prisons at Maracaibo touched at Car
acao on their way to Caracas and
were enthusiastically received.
Tihe Central Federated Union in
New York City passed resolutions pro
esting against the sentencing of Gom
pers, Mitchell and Moirrison to jail.
Fears of a Balkan outbreak are
Aubsiding in London. The opinion is
expressed in authoritative quarters
that there will be no general election.
Jewish families are being expelled
from Finland, and a bill has been in
troduced in the Diet forbidding the
Hebrew method of slaughtering ani
rMost people understand that the
f lacintg of a marble in a '<e'ttle pre
1 nits furring, but fewv seem to know
~ttat a large, clean marbie boiled
ini milk, porridge, custards, sauces
or1 stews will automaticall:y do the
stir'ring as the liquid cooks. Any
chanice of burning wvill lbe prevented
andl' thus the fatigure of constani.ly
stirr\ng andl the cook's time can be
savetf as by this means the cook '-an
be at.ending to other things instead,
of having to ..give her whto'un
Snil ottion to n.Bso ot
News of Interest Gleaned Fro
. Arranged For
REOEIVER FOR SEMINOLE.
Judge Watts Hears Argument and
Sees no Other Way to Protect the
Cheraw, Special. - Judge Watts
Tuesday night, after hearing the ar
guments, announced that he would
appoint receivers for the Seminole
Securities company in acordanrce with
the request of .. C. Klugh. He st ated
that onll. the allegations miade Ie was
sati!Aled that there should be an in
vestigationi of the affairs that could
only be done by a receiver. ''t it
be true,'' said Judge Watts. "wtt
these commissions we paid, it sLoc!ks
my1N censc;eice. Of Coiur-so, it is a
bad blow, but I see no other rened v.''
Tihe hond was fixedl at -$510,010 for
the receivers and $150,000 for 1lhe
Nv11h,10 of the property. Messrs ILcler.
Sinkler and Frank G. Tonmpkins were
sug"ested by the attorneys for the
pain1tiffs and others may be s gsted
by the attornevs for the de'14ndants
W e(dnes(lav. 'ihe case was a long one.
but very interesting. Thie plassenger
bet wefii the attorneys. ithe allegations
Made an danswers retiried, the artrii
meIts, were al listened to closvlv.
The argument of attorneys for Klugh
was that the Seminole company was
a mere shell and for the protection (if'
the stockholders the receivers should
take charge. The argument. of attor
neys for the trustees was that the
trustees were not responsible for the
action of some of the agents and that
no case had been made out; also that
there was protection inside the com
pany that had never been asked. The
argument of Mr. Bellinger for the
Seminole CompanY was that tle alle
gations were irrelevant and there was
protection inside the company for the
Judge Watts said in part:' ''I am
of the opinion that justice impera
tively demands that a receiver should
be appointed. I think that under i
showing made that, it is an excep
to all cases that have been before
supreme court and the allegation I
is that the stock was purchased f:
the Southern Life at an extravag
price, the price doubly more thian
was worth. and T think that mat
should be looked into and I unih
tatingly say that the commissi'
paid shocks my conscience. If Il
are true it is a shock to anY businv
man in the world. As to whether
not it is true I do not know. I w
not saying that it is so or not. It is
an allegation made here before me
and I realize the fact that whenever
you put a corporation in the hands of
a receiver you strike a had blow but
the directors and president broul0ht
this state of affairs on themselves,
and it is high time that tihe strong
hand of tle court should interfere
and allow the matters to he investi
gated1 by a receiver and( let whatever
assets t hat can be recoveredl be put
in the hands of the court for thle
''I will hear nomninat ions for the
Judge Watts Wednesday an nounme
ed the appointment of three k'rstees
for the Seminole Company: F. 0.
Tompkins, E. J. Etheridge arid HIueer
The st ockholders on Wed1nesday'
met in Columbia and accepted thle
resignation of the 01(1 directors. The,
meeting adlopted( thle following:
Resolved, That the board of diree
tors to be elected today proceed at
once to colleet all evidence of criminral
action on the part of arty agent, of
ficer's or emnploves of the Semninoli
Securities Company, arid iriy fire samni
before t he State's Atitorniey General
and request that whlerever thIe evi
dence jusf ies, criminal procedinrgs
Shot at Mark, Killed Boy.
Lancaster, Special.-A negro boy
about eight years (old, a sorn of Net tic
Evans, wvas accident ly shot and kill
ed. in the subuirbs of town Saturday
by Amon Lindsay, a young whlite
man. Mr'. Lindsay was shoot ig at
a mark, anid did niot see thre child.
Christmas at Walterboro.
'Walteorboro, Special.-Chr istmas
passed off quietly in WalterborQ, with
no c'asualties r'epor'ted so far. T!iN
closing of the disp)ensary b I
Fishburrne forced t1i I
people who ao " ' .n
ing oni this .--0i.
andl 'onise-quei.t -
mnas. On all . ..us words
of 'ormmnidat iu starid taken
by MaDyor F'ishh: *' . ' it has been
ani excellent I '1-:'~ argument.
TIre me(''rcats . in ri rd-breakinrg
business and r i hem aser'ibe
t hi i hn tr (lOs . di , m m - r,.
NA NEWS ITEMS
m AH Sections of the State and.
be instituted; and that the directors
do give careful attention to pusling
The body then elected as new diree
fors, R. T. Caston, Cheraw; Cannpell
Courteney, Newry; T. W. 1erry,
Latta; E. J. Etlheridge, Leesville; A.
M. Kennedy, Williston; .1. B. Wat
kins, of Florida; Julian S. .i'rr. of
Nortit Carolina; S. M. Simiti, of West
Virginia; C. M. Snelling . of Atliens,
Mch blame is attached to the
trustees of the Seminole Company
whoso names gave confidnilce to tlhe
piblic. The examinat ion of tle
trustees revealed the fact tait Mr.
Clnrlk had applied for 1.000 sliares
of stock bit had never paid anyt hing;
that Mr. Bryan never had amN stoek
ad tlhat General Jones sub.seribed
for' oily 200 shares. Alreal at
tolleYs are being- stiployed to bring
individual suits agaiinst the three.
NEGRO CAUGHT SATURDAY.
Ma.n Named Johnson Arrested on the
Charge of Committing Criminal
Assault at Hartsville.
11artsville, Special.-It semes that
the inegro brute wvlho committed tle
out rage t. this place oi Monlay
n iht last has been apprehienle(ld and
is nlow within the penitentiary walls.
It has been a terrible week - itt
and disappointiment to every 0,
citizen of Ilartsville as the days pass
ed and the nany clues gave Io re
suilts and tile miaiv suspmects taild
to be indentified by the lady. Entag
ed and determined that tlie crime
should not go uniavenged if atty iu
main agency could aecomplish I he de
teetion and arrest of the eiiminal,
every man has felt more and more
hopeless and bafiled is each succeed
s\ tIe. it. fie"ro nimei(t 1ottnson was
arrested at Effingham Salturda norn
ing by Sheriff Burch, of' Florence,
acting with Policeman See.-Iais of this
place and Mr. Ed Perry, a brothier of
the victim's husband. The itnegro was
taken to Florence and thence to Dar
lington, where lie was turned over
Saturday night. to Sieriff Blackwell
at o'clock. It was proposed to
britng him here for identilieat ion, but
ho authiori ties hiete fea red t rouible
and adhvisedh Shietiff Black well to kovp
htim at D)arlingt on. Later on, acting
on further advices from htete that a
threatening crowd was waiting to get
sight. of the negro, Sheriff Blackwi')
dirove to Florence at 2 o'clock in thft
morning and thtere took the 4 oco
train for Columbia. A erowvd mt e
rain coming in here at 9 o 'clock Srgt
ur-day nuight and it is pretty certajn
wvould have made short work of the
negro at oncte. Indceed, manty of them
believed that thle negro had been tak
ent off t he t rain oin the oiitIskirits of
town and was somewhere arountd, and
all night nd all (lay Siuday eirowds
of mni hav'e bteen 'onigr'egated arouu~d
to wn amiuait inig deve lopmienits an td atnx
otts to IocatIe thle brutte. Thtere 'ins
ntever any', iten(ti Onti on t pit .of
thle town authiorities to allowv the man
to he broiughtI here.
Fatal Christmas Frolic.
Lexington, Special.-( arfield I
to lies beneatIh thle soil an ithi
('ra ft is languishitng behtind thle
int thle L,exinigtotn jili as a rest'
the (hitmatins friol ic and the (ChI
itas d ram. A uloomn haus beent
overt I wo htotusehtolds, wich get
tionis catnnot wipe out , ando thle lif
a youngi.~ man once so full otf potmise,
has been bligh -.i for'ev'r.
Shot His Sistr"to Dea.th.
Manning, N .. white man
nameri I' i- Satuirdayi shot
i . .' friotm w~hich
* . . .a hourt. Mr's.
h Alcult, bt had
hien . a visit to her biot her. oni
M,or W. T. Lessesne 's pinee. I"mi
part ieularis are not obt aina:b le, hut ti..
is siid there had bteetn som' t,iis
utnder'st anin g bet ween i thle liar! les
oin accotunt of a hoist' that I rtiggers
Itad, wItich belIon-uedI t o his siste.
Mr's. Poseman h ad sai ohtood-.hvc and
started for hom i wh ien 1Drhi eerP s sht(o
1 tt b it h : ,.'1-: e tl i ci b .l
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