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The sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1906-1909, January 14, 1909, Image 5

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His Position as to Secret Ser
vice irregularities
GIVES ilS ANSWER TO CONGRESS
He is Misunderstood and Misquoted
Has Great Respect for Congress
Good Work of Secret Service-It
is a Necessity-Urges Present Re
strictiona Removed.
Washington, Special.-Unusual at
tention was paid in the House of
Representatives Monday to the read
ing of a message from the President
replying to a resolution of that body
calling upon him for an explanation
of the intimation in his annual mes
sage that members of Congress were
afraid to be investigated by the sec
ret service. The galleries were pack
ed to the doors.
The President's specific references
to certain speeches by Messrs. Taw
ney ,of Minnesota; Smith, of Iowa;
Sherley, of Kentucky, and Fitzgerald,
of New York, when the provision for
the restriction of the operations of
the secret service was up for discus
sion, and also to Mr. Busby, the
Speaker's private secretary, created a
storm of laughter. The Speaker rap
ped several times vigorously for or
der.
The President says:
"I am wholly at a loss to under
stand the concluding portion of the
resolution. I have made no charges
of corruption against Congress nor
against any' member of the present
House. If I had proof of such cor
ruption affecting any member of the
House in any matter.as to which the
Federal government has jurisdiction,
action would at once be brought, as
was done in the cases of Senators
Mitchell and Burton, and Represen
tatives Willi inson, Hermann, and
Driggs, at diff'erent times since I
have beon President. This would
simply be doing my duty in the exe
cution and enforcement of the laws
without respect to persons. But I do
not regard it as within the province
or the duties of the President to
report to the House "alleged delin
quencies" of members, or the sup
posed "corrupt action" of a mem
ber "in his official capacity." The
memhership of the House is by t)e
cnstitution pl,ced within the pow
er of the House alone. In the pKbse
cutiorn of crity.in.als and the enforce
ment ofthid'laws the Preqident must
resorV to the courts of the United
States.''
-T-he President quotes from his mes
'e: "Last year an amendment was
incorporated in the measure provid
ing for the secret service, which pro
vided that there should be no detail
from the secret service and no trans
fer therefrom." That act he claims
crippled the eliciency of the service
and therefore was of interest chiefly
to wrong doers.
He says it forbade the practices
that had been followed to a greater
or less entent by the executive heads
of various departments for twenity
years. To these practices we owe the
securing of the evidence which en
ebled us to drive great lotteries out
of busine.ss and secure a quarter of
a million dollars ini fines from their
promoters. These practices have en
abled us to discover some of the
most outrageous frauds in connec
tion wvithi the theft of government
land and government timber by great
corporations and b)y individuals.
These practices have enabled us to
get some of the evidence inidispens
able in order to secure the conviction
oef the wealthiest and most formidable
cirminals w~it h whom the government
has to deal, both those operating in
y'WU1" on of the anti-trust law and
btLhc x.
Hie refers to the fact that through
the secret service both a senator and
a congressman were convicted of
iand frauds in Oregon. He believes
that the government should be al
)lowed to investigate all branches, but
pleads that Congressmen might he0
made an exception if so desired, with
out cutting off so much of the power
of the secret service as to cripple its
usefulness in other spheres.
He denies vigorously that he said
that a majority of congress did not
want to be investigated and says on
the contrary I have always not only
depreciated but vigorously resented
the practice of indiscriminate attack
upon Congress, and indiscriminate
condemnation of all Congressmen.
-Wise and unwise, fit and unfit, good
and bad alike. No one realizes more
than I the importance of op-operation
.between the Executive and\Con gress
and no one holds the authiotjity and
dignity of the Congress of the United
States in higher respect than I (10. I
have not the slightest sympathy with
the practice of judging men, for good
or for ill, not on their several merits,
but in a mass, as members of one par-\
ticular body or one caste.
In defense of his terms in the mesa
sage that arnunent in favor of the
prvision w4s tat the Congressmen
did not themselves wish to be in
vestigated by secret service men, he
calls attenti6n to the fact that when
the measure was being discussed the
chief argument was this, as can be
seen, by reference to the Congress
ionar Record. He says he would not
name authors of these artic.
les, but for the fact that it is de
manded.
The President quotes the following
from the Cicago Inter-Ocean, written
from Washington by L. W. Busby,
private secretary to the Speaker of
tho House:
"He (the chief of the divisionn
and his men are desirous of doing
the secret detective work for the
whole government, and are not par.
ticular about drawing the line be.
tween the lawmakers and the law.
breakers. They are ready to shad
ow-tho former as well as the latter."
Then, after saying that Congress
will insist that the men shall only be
used to stop counterfeiting, the ar
ticle goes on:
"Congress does not intend to have
a Fouche or any other kind of min
ister of police to be used by the ex
ecutive departments against the legis
lative branch of the government. It
has been so used, and it is suspected
that it has been so rsed recently.
The legislative branch of the
governmtnt will not tolerate the med
dling of detectives, whether they
represent the President, Cabinet of
ficers, or only themselves * * *
Congressmen resented the secret in
terference of the secret srvice men,
who for weeks shadowed some of the
most respected members of the House
and Senate. * * * When it was
discovered that secret service men
mere shadowing Congressmen there
was a storm of indignation at the
capitol and the bureau came near
being abolished and the appropriation
cut off. * * * At another time
the chief of the secret service had his
inen shadow Congressmen with a view
to involving them in scandals that
would enable the bureau to dictate to
them as to the nriee of ailenan * *
* The secret service men have
shown an inclination again to shad
ow members of Congress, knowing
them to be law-makers, and this is
no joke. Several of the departments
have asked Congress for secret funds
for investigation, and the Treasury
Department wants the limitation re
moved from the appropriation for sup
pre_i,ii,g counterfeitina. This shows
a ten:lency toward Foucheism and
a secret watch on other officials than
therselves.''
This the President considers an
index to what seems an enimus of
Congress to the secret service.
He then says: "In connection with
the Nebraska prosecution the gov
ernment has by decree secured the
return to the zovernment of over a
million acres of grazing land; in Col
orado of more than 2,000 acres of
mineral land, and suits are now pen
ding involving 150,000 acres more."
The President follows with a )ong
list of crimes against the government
brought out in his administration
through the secret service detectives
in which even 'wealthy men have been
punished1 with fine and imprisonment.
He then specifies a number of con
victions by the secret service such as
the selling of fraudulent naturaliza
tion papers, (which congress has
since remidied except that the appro
priations arc still too law for full
effectiveness. GIreen and Gaynor
have been brought to justice and are
in prison. In the State of Nebraska
alone sixty defendants were indicted;
and of the thirty-two cases thus for
brought to trial twecnty-eight have
resulted in conviction.
The secret service was used to as
sist in the investigation of crimes
under the peonage laws, and owing
partly thereto numerous convictions
were secured and the objetionable
practice was practically stamped out,
at least in many' districts. The most
extensive smuggling of silk and
opium in tihe history of the Treasury
Department was investigated by
agents of the secret service in Newv
York and Seattle and a successful
prosecution of the offenders uinder
taken. Assistance of the utmost val
nie was rendered to the Department of
Justice in the b)eef trust investiga
tioni at Chicago, prosecutions were
followed up and fines inflicted. The
cotton-leak scandal in the Agricul
tural Department was inv'estigated
and the responsible parties located.
The destruction of the H-onduras
Lottery Company, the successor to
tho Louisiana Lottery was affected
and $300,000 fines collected. The ink
fraud contract in the Bureau of Print
ing w'as discovered and $100,000 a
year was saved, while the total ex
penses for. the official and field force
of the secret service last year was
$135,000.
The President says: ''Such a body
as the secret service, such a b)ody of
trained investigating agents, occupy
hka permanent position in the gov
enmtent service, and separate. from
local investigating forces in different
Department, is an absolute necessity
if the best work is to be done against
criminals. It is by far the most effi
cient instrument possible to use
against crime." le avers that Con
gress should hold itself in readiness to
investigate the ezecutive department
at any time, and adds that any abuse
of the service employes themselves
should be vigorously prosecuted.
Ie says: "To use the secret service
in the investigation of purely private
or political matters would be a gross
abuse. But there has been no single
instance of such abuse during my term
as President.
In conclusion, he says, "I most ear
nestly ask, in the name of good gov
ernment and decent administration, in
the name of honesty and for the pur
pose of bringing to justice violators
of the Federal laws wherever they
may be found, whether in public or
private life, that the action taken by
the House last year be reversed. When
this action was taken, the Senate com
mittee. under the lead of the late Sen
ator Allister, having before it a strong
ly worded protest (Appendix D) from
Secretary Cortelyou like that he had
s(nt to Mr. Tawnev. accepted the See
retary's views; and the Senate passed
the hill in the shape presented by Sen
ator Allison. In the conference, how
ever, the House conferees insisted on
the retention of the provision they
bad inserted, and the Senate yielded.
The chief of the secret service is
paid a salary utterly inadequate to
the importance of his finetions and to
thIe admirable way in which he has
perforied them. I earnestly urge
that it be increased to $6,000 per an
num. I also urge that the secret ser
vice be placed where it properly be
longs, and made a bureau in the De
partment of Justice, as the chief of.
the secret service has repeatedly re
quested; but whether this is done or
not, it should be explicitly provided
that, the secret service can be used to
detect and punish crime wherever it
is .found.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT,
The White House, January 4th,
1909.
PROMINENT PEOPLE.
Governor Warner is filling his third
term as executive of Michigan.
William H. Taft, at Augusta, Ga.,
has accepted several invitations to
speak in the South.
New York's celebration on New
Year's Eve was severely criticised by
Rabbi Silverman in a sermon in Tem
ple Emanu-El.
Governor Hughes in his inaugural
address at Albany, N. Y.. urged no
division of responsibility in the ap
pointment of public oflicials.
Champ Clark, who succeeds .Tohn
Sharp Williams as leader of the Dem
crats in the Hcuse of Represeatatives,
is fifty-eight years old and wLs born
in Kentucky.
Yuan-Shi-Ka!, Grrnd Councillor
and commander-in-chief of th- Chi
nose army, was deposed by an eaict
issued at Pekin, Na-tung being ap
pointed .to succeed him.
Senator Raines announced in Al
bany, N. Y., that he would intr'oduce
at the coming session o& the ,egsa
ture his State Police till, which was
defeated eight years ago.
Count de Ruio, who in 1838 was
one of the men who threw bombhs at
t.he carriage of En)peror Napoleon
III., in Paris, was .tenderedt a dlinner
by 100 prominent Italians at Los An
geles, Ca!.
The Rev. Dr'. Charles A. Eaton,
whose Cleveland congregation in
cluded John-D. Rockefeller. prbaached
his first sermon as pastor of tyMd
ison Avenue Baptist Churck, New
York City..
Sir H. IH. Cozens-H-ardy, master
of the rolls in England, recently said
that in his belief classical teaching
did more to cultivate true gentleman
ly manners and to improve s.ne wnota
condition of the man than any other
branch of study.
President Eliot, for the second
time in forty years, delivered~ a regut
lar lecture in a classroom at IIa.val 4.
Schooner Oapsizes; Four Drowned.
Mystic, Conn., Special.-The Gil
bert Transportation Company's
schooner Myra W. Speers capsizedl 35
miles off Cape C"od on the night of
December 30Lh and four men of the
crew wvere drowned. Captain Elisha
F. Rogers, and one man were taken
off by a fishing schooner. The Spe'ers.
loaded with railroad ties from New
London to Boston, st<ruck a submerg
ed wreck nnd w'as nyerturned.
Father Viger, Sul.piclan, hias com
plet'ed a services of forty years in
the chair of poetry at St. Charles'
College, IIartford, anud the Catholic
Transcript says of h!m: "Lzong con
munion with the nmuses had keyed
the old professor up to concert pitch
and it was stimulating to fol!>w him
as he madeo the ascent to Parnansus.
As the editor of Jenkins's 'llistory
of English LIterature,' lhe adhered
struictly to the .purpose of the author,
and under Fat'her Vigor's direction
the work remain-ed the standard text
book on American and English Catho
lie literature. lBesides dioing editorial
work Father Viger tra,nslated inte
of0
unnaLgf Trf, 'JAN. ceedings the
Senate Gumnary. "ng
beThe postal savings bank 1 pro
b 'ore the senate and many '. da
theats were proposed to it, was vot
aavu requiring the deposit o
i ngs funds in State ag well amend
onbank ~. ome of coi
bank a rpostal ce
3ag Sena e also received t - l
om .. e President, one as nat- an
ir ad itional interstate in
ing t legislation and the other o mes
State? 'the absorption by the ecom- g
sesse &teel Corporation of the s
passe a and Iron Company, nited P
At i bills on the calen
Senate ad.jo
and
The ary. and
in the dent worthy of ar.
Represe edings of the Hous .ned
,_ood delitatives and which Cause
iscusi<" of amuseiient was a ote
hunting " of the fort comi Afri -.of
Incidenti t rip of Pres4den oose d a
the fai illy there was\ a eference 'ief
The ni%s so-called nias Clu can
newspape ole debate iinged on -it.
Edgar o. stoiy stating that Ma to
accompan fearns, of the army, was g
order to & the President and that .he
retired list> so he had been put on I or
matter was with increased rank. TI to
of Illinois. ibrought up by Mr. Man in
consideratioim connection with tl c
issuance of 1 of a bill authorizing t)
who retire , commissions to office
The remai ith increased rank.
voted to th ie' of the day was de
ber of mise consideration of a num
tions. VIllneous bills and resolu
At 5:18 p.1
m. the House adjourned.
THU
Se .SDAY, JAN. 7.
Characteri ate Summary.
President in iw the action of the
Oeneral not t irecting the Attorney
States Steel prosecute the 1Iited,
sorption of t rporation for its ab
Iron Compan Tennessee Coal and
ard lawless ad ther arbitrary
trate,'' Senator .'if Magis
introduced a res lbe n, of Texas,
instructing the c tion i the Senate
ciary to report a iittC on the judi.
practicable wheth as e. ly da as
that committee t r in e opinio of d
authorized to perli . resident 1 -is
Mr. Culberson, t such absorptio .
length, criticised at considerab '
insisted that Congthe President and a
to give directionsrpss had the right er
executive departm to a head of an to
conditions. t under certain Ta
Senator Hopkins
Texas Senator was declared that the \
resenting the Presid'no )roperly rep
Mr. Roosevelt, had 1ent and said that
action of the steel lot approved the .n
that lie had merelv 'corporation, but nt
duty to oppose sucI ''not felt it his Sta
Senator Foraker getion.''. an
he would speak on th ve notice that
fair next Monday whiBrown ville af
would ask to make his e id lhe
lief of the soldiers o re
fifth Regiment the un
ness of the Senate.
An amendment was r
Senate from the commit.
providing for an inicrea.
ary of the President to,
of tihe salaries of the
and1 the Speaker of thie
Representatives to .$20,0
Tile Senate adjourned
House Sum
Although technically u
oration in the House of
tives tihe District of Colu
priation bill was side tra
the members indulged in
bate. This took a wide x
proceedings opencinig withI
of the rules of the House b*
sted, of Pennsylvania. His
stirred up the subj.st in alli
and gave the so-called insl
decr the leadership of Mr. On
Massachlusetts, an opportunit
their grievances. Mr. Coe
New York, occupied middle
on the proposition.
Mr. Taft's reported inte,
break the solid South was inci
brought into discussioni in th~
of a speech on the tariff by M
pard, of Texas, who remarked
connection that the Preside
had made himself ridiculous.
FRIDAY. JAN. S.
House Summary~
After having made him tje
all day for criticism-vth -ere
there words of cortnmendation,
House of Rlepresentatives b)y a
of 212 to 35 rebuked (lie Presiden
tabling so ach os his message as
flected oni membiers of Conmgress
connect ion withI his recommlendati
r'egarding the secret service (let ecti
and also dec'larinig it to he the se
of (lie House that they shall deel
to consider any commiunications frn
any source which is iiot iin its o
jiudgmenit respectful.
Toward the close of the debate Ai
In r of assa elu set ts, va ily n -
bored to secure, first tne -n
substitute for tile resolutionl -an
s o amendinieIt express
shape of an b miteo p
confidence inl the collmittee on aP
priationfs and then the postpone
It of the whjole Mattel. 111til Mon
but he was 0ovrwhelliinly out
ed gne SummarY.
Che Senate passed a bill providing
iditions under which the thirteenth
itis will be taken. The lHouse bill
kielu was under consideration was
ended to allow printin and bind
g of census reports to be done by
ivate contract instead of in the
ernment printing office if fOun
sirable by the directon of the cn
SAn amenamflci-t placing the alp
As. An; amnonfice clerks
ointment of 3,500 ectisofiecrk
inder the civiL service commissiOn
as defeated. ,
Senator Culberson s resolution in
tructing the comittee o the ju
iciary to report whether the Prri
dent has authority to pennit the anb
sorption of the Tennessee CoSt and
Iron Company by thve ited States
Steel Corporation was adopted.
3idge 'peer s Decision Reversed.
g OleeSpecial.A de
\'ew Orlea ns, li,SP t Soh
ciioi of vast inlpOrtanCe to the sUtho
sm olltllwest beemise it, plYeets the
n Of an increase in freight
rate ' .e n of a n i e th e ra ilro a d s
ra tese prtelly handed down
these Wednesday by the United States
Cie eit Co rt of A >peals, reverSing
ie iecree of emory speer, of
the dO tlee district 3f Georgia,
thif restrainei the defendant rail
roads from putting the pOposed in1
reased freight tariffs 11to effect.
Shaft at rort Mahoue.
Petersburg, Va., Special.Pen s
ia is having erected.on th
ahone, in Ptince Ge
anite -e nig*! .., , IA
-of mfi ight ar
the hour y - a ushered
v ear as a I'eel
h e a elcOm1
-n d t h e M r a y. a
by the m1an.iag - ,lex ande
' ad Miss Lizz
a dam-,hter of Alfred A\exa,ide
aV i d a u g h t e r o , w a s a l s o Fe r f e '
This,, manaoa TWe
ed by tV. Balelgea
Mile chuch. leshav
The happ y coup
\\!ISOf man ,
hest w'*ishe ot prosplend
Slol, happy ae 51Mal
Sevisors' Heport.
The foOwing is a state
p dtuefor all Pr
41uring the year
-, upstE(uca' .. $
S 1upeviOsOr ..-..
b Sheriff .......
Treasu.rer.......
Auditor ......
'2g Co. Comn's
SClerk-Att'.
C\erk of Court..
C4.J3. Educationl.
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r Court exPen''S....
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