TlE PICKENS SENINI -30ORA.
Entered April 23, 1903 at Pickens, S. C., as second class matter, under act of Congress of March 3, 1879.
Year PICKENS, S. C., FEBRUARY 25, 1909. Number 47
Persons have been known to
ounce of Scott's Emudsion. It
isstrange, but it often happens.
Somehow the ounce produces
the pound; it seems to start
the dgestive -acsner-y e
properly, so tbaf the patientis
able to digest absorb his
ordinary food be could
not do befori
of *esh 01
health; if you
you can get f
to-ether with name
a "wa yu ad&vuesan
and we wil send
MW of Wd7
409 Pewl, New Y"s
mpleted to Bostic.
dispatch from Bris
ail on the Carolina,
Ohio Railroad, be
e, Va.,- and Bostic,
ce of 189 miles,
The rail was one
road with the
dge division of
nchfield & Ohio
t of 3,000 feet
with a maxi
e-half of one
building the d
acres of coal a
county, Vir- '
It is esti
put of these *
cers a day, I
n road for some
v I rt. n
n burg a
C field ~
progressing idly." .
MONEY TO LOAN.
are money to loan on h
Sle farming lands in Pick- I
nty. XW~rite us, giving ,
escription ot'your prop- i
value of same, and the '
t you desire to borrow.
.THOMPSON & Co., t
t., Charleston, S. C.,
no wking kUting
e"Making u~;" and Doctor t
icines well exemplify this,
iends, after more than two
pularity. are numbered by
s of bhousands. They have
"and they have noit made
est, square-deal medicine of I
ition is Dr. Pierce's Golden
very. It still enjoys an in
while most of the prepara
ve come into prominence in 4
riod of its popularity havet
'rd" and are never more
'must be some reason for
pularity and that is to I
superior merits. When
trial for weak stomach,
ood-afectlons, its supe
ities are soon manifest;
rvived and grown In p-1
scores of less meritorious
ddenl y flashed into favor
and then been as soon
liver with its attendant
'pepsia, headache, per
oul breath, nasty coated
r taste. loss of appetite.
ter eating, nervousness
hing is so good as Dr.
Medical Discovery. It's
are-deal medicine with all
,s printed on bottle-wvrapper
.no hocus- pocus hum bug,
un' accept a substiut that
ma y possihbly make a little big-1
Is.ist on your right to have
t i v Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescrip
epcigit to prove a "cure-all." It
alv adivised for woman's special all
tin& it makes weak women strong and
qic wome n well. Less advertised than
sieme preparations" sold for like purposes,
tssterling enrative virtues still maintain
t p Oiton in the front ranks, wvhere it
tf over two decades ago. As an in
vt oraylig tonie and strengthening nerv
In t is "*luaed. It woni't satisfy those
who want - Doze," for there is not a drop
Dr.- pierce's Pleasant Pellets, the orig(
y Ltta' Liver Pills, although the first
1 o tlheir kind in the market, still lead,
d y en onetried are ever afterwards
fa as otkea anyoeto
ree ose.Muchimitted utnver
BestSalvo In TheWorld.
ng's New Lije Pills
bestb In onh= waanld.
WORSE THAN DEATH
SOLITARY CONFINEMENT A LIN
Man Who Suffered for Light Yean
Tells of the Tortures He Under
went in Italian Piace of
There has been nuch talk vt -lat
In Franee and -esewhere of the sup
pression of the death penalty. The
guillotine Is to go and solitary con
finement Is to take its place. There
Is a man In Paris who knows what the
")unishment of solitary confinemenl
really means, and it will be of inter
est, nsys-the-*ide. AveFlingtand
ar, to Ueer what -Aare V10%42
who has underme the 1sm innent Iu
taly, has to say about it. Cipriani
the king-hater, is an old maa now. Ht
lives in Paris, -where his gaunt face
and long beard -are as well known oi
the boulevards as the Theater des Va
rietes itself. He was aetenced wher
Znardelliwus ' w"efet tce tc
26 years' solita-onfaement, and hi
recalls the $Vase that Sig. Zanardelli
uttered if the Italian parliament tc
reassure those members of It whc
zoothat the guillotine should nol
be done away with. "We are abolish
ng the death penalty." he said, "but
In its place we shall give criminals a
punishment which will make then
long for it."
"And he spoke the truth," says M
Cipriani, "for solitary confinement is s
thousand times more cruel than a
blow from an ax and a leap into eter
ity. Solitary confinement in a cell is
a lingering agony, after two or three
years of which the strongest man must
die or must go mad. He is literally
buried alive. His food is just enough
to keep life in him. He may neither
read nor write and gets no news from
Dutside, even of his family. He may
receive no visits and have no Inter
:ourse with anybody. He may not
ala,- and it he -does ask a question of
Dne of his jailers the jailer does not
nswer or answers by a sign. He
ever leaves his cell except for the
madhouse or the cemetery. He sees
mobody and hears no human voice. He
toes not even see a doctor if he is Ill.
If he breaks into open revolt his jail
Drs may do what they like with him.
rhey may kill him if they wish, and in
[taly they often do so. No one has
ver yet lived and remained sane for
ten whole years of this terrific punish
iem. I shall never forget It. I wr.
t mental and physical anguish di
ad night for eight years, during
hich time I was chained by one leg
the wall. The worst of my torture
as the feeling that brain, will,
trength and health were disappear
ig. I felt death creeping on me and
ad no power to struggle. There was
t a human being who would help me
ith a smile or with a friendly word,
nd death or madness seemed inevita
"I often wonder how I came te be
pared death or madness. The happi
at prisoners are certainly those who
o go mad. Passanante, who attempt
d to murder King Humbert of Italy,
as been In a madhouse for 27 years.
am the only man who has resisted
olitary confinement, the only man
rho has not gone mad in it after a
ew years. My method was a constant
sental struggle, a sort of intellectual
ymnastics, by means of which I kept
my thoughts of by abominable soil
ude. I lost all notion of time, of
ourse, and I remember asking my
aler one day what the year was. He
rould not tell me, but neat day as he
ras putting down' my jug of water he
auttered '1886.' I had been in prison
Lye years and believed I had 20 more
Why He Did Not Stop.
With the opening of the new Union
tation in Washington the desire to
ave a similar building in Baltimore
'ises in the breasts of a number of the
nhabtnts of the Monumental City.
)ne gentleman who feels 'very acutely
pon the subject was discussing the
natter the other day and told this
itory to illustrate his point:
"Last summer, while abroad, ,I met
i very pleasant Eglishman, and hear
ng that he was planning a visit to the
Dnited States I invited him to stop off
it Baltimore and visit me if he should
appen to be passing through at any
ie. The other day I met him in
~ew York and he told me he had just
rived there, coming from Washing.
"'Why didn't you stop in Balti.
ore?' I asked.
"'Well, I did,' was the answer. 'I
got off the train, but, judging by the
surroundings, I was afraid I would
arre to take a stage into the city, and
[ did not feel that I had time for
How to Keep Warm in Winter.
The clothiers intend to keep womerl
warm if one may judge from the many
new "protectors" on the underweai
Separate knit sleeves at the knit
underwear departments are among
them. Then, too, there are Shetland
vests with or without sleeves that givi
a maximum of warmth with a mini,
mum of buik, and union suits of tha
same gauzy wool." Bloomers of satin
mohair or sateen-some lined with a)
batross, are in the same eategory, be
ig saug extras for wet or hitte,
weather. These bloomews for wel
weather for the woman who Is out al
all times and seasons are ideal, sinci
they take the place of a skirt and I
amp hem about the feer '
- E AM --CA A
WHO WOULD SWAP?
Rains upon the housetops,
Clouds obscure the sky.
Sitting by the fire,
Little wife and I.
"'atoes in the cellar,
Hogs done salted down.
Never mind the weather,
Bake .those 'tatoes brown.
Nay paked in the barnloft,
Crib chock full of corn,
Cows give milk in plenty
The maiden's not forlorn.
Banks are stopping payment,
Factories shutting down,
Now who would swap the country
For starvation in the town?
We receive the rain and sunshine
From the God whom we adore;
We praise Him for the bounty
We farmers have in store.
We sow our fields in gladness,
With joy upturn the sod;
We hoe the weeds from life ant
Results we leave with God.
--Geo. W. Haynie, in Home and Farm
White Bluffs, Tenn.
The poultry business has alway'
been looked upon as a "hard times'
business by many thousands of pea
ple. When times are gpod and monel
Is plentiful the poultry business i1
looked upon by many as a "pin-money'
affair, but when hard times threater
or are at hand, when thousands o
people s.re daily being thrown out o'
a job, then it is that they begin tt
think of taking up poultry.
Of all classes the poultry man hai
the least to fear from hard times. The
poultry business has never been on a
better footing than it is now. It is
the experience of all the years; the
lean years financially are the years
when the poultry business grows. This
is because, when mePL'w e' 'arei
brought face to fac. with the '
bility of losing thei positions'. Y v
begin to look around or somep way in
whi-:h to invest their -avings so that
t will brmgW ' a1i~profitabie income
the worst happen, and they ar
..: -up~iegnEn. No busi
ness can be started on so small a capl
tal as poultry, and yield a livelihood
for those who follow it.
It takes less capital to get a start
in the poultry business, and get it to
yield an Income for living expenses,
than any other business I know Qf,
without having previous experience.
Where they are content to start at the
>otm rin a small way, and grow
n the business, gaining experience as
hey grow, and profiting by this expe
-ience, and with due attention given
o their business, they will rarely find
t a failure.
*Poultrymen who have stock to sell
an find buyers now more readily than
would be possible if every one were
working and receiving good wages.
The average farmer is in position tc
get started in the poultry businesE
more cheaply than anyone else, as he
has plenty of ground and oftentimes
~house room that is idle that might
ust as well be making him money.
Statistics show that the farmer
who always keeps poultry and gives
any attention to it at the end of the
year has a smaller store account than
the farmer who does not.
*Farming is a business, and it is a
good business or a poor business just
in proportion as it Is run well or poor
ly. A small business may be run in a
model way just as a large one may;
or it may be run in a slipshod way,
just as magy big businesses are.
Plant plenty of pigs, peanuts, poul
try and turn the matter over to God.
while you get out and hustle.
*A split log drag Is mighty good corn
pany immediately after a spring rain
See that yours is ready for the next
Do anything within reason to get a
good man settled down in your corn
munity. It is the thickly settled corn
munities that are most prosperous
happy and intelligent.
The hot sun that is soon coming is
friend to the Implement and vehicle
dealer, and he works for his frient
through the carelessness of the chumi
who leaves his tools and implements
out in the weather.
Don't vote any more court hous4
taxes until you have done somethini
for the public roads. Fine cour
houses are mighty pretty to look at
but your wife and children get n<
benefit out of their looks. Make firs
good roads, then build fine things fo:
the lawyers and office holders.
The pessimist, poor devil, needs
dose of liver medicine, and doesn'
know it. This is a magnificent country
and while It has many wrongs t<
right, there is good cheer and hop
-i the good things done thus far.
Have you taken time lately to helj
elean out the flower beds around th<
front yard? Maybe that the womes
folks are as busy In fixing up thing
for summer time as you are, and the.
there are the chickens and the garde.
~that take up a good bit of their timE
tiettr help them some now.
Exposed fowls are apt to be poor
The farmer may not know himself,
but he ought to know his soil.
Whole oats and wheat and cracked
corn make a first-class hen feed.
Three requisites to early potatoes
Early soil, early planting, early vari
It is the early hatched chick which,
if properly reared, becomes the profit
earner in the fall.
Cross-breeding of sheep requires
both judgment and skill. Don't at
tempt it if you are a novice.
Remember at this season of the
year that it is important to keep the
hogs out of the wet and to keep pens
and beds dry.
A cow turned out to pasture In good
vigorous condition will respond to the
fresh feed 50 per cent. better than the
animal which is run down.
With so many men out of work
throughout the country, it seems a
shame that farmers are so hard put to
it to get the help they need.
Stingy feeding is fc lowed by scant
giving. What have y gained if you
have saved a pound f one-and-a-half
cent feed and lost a Ipint of five-cent
Don't let thiT w warm, bright
days of spring make you forget that
there will be cold, raw, wet days a
1lenty._ Look otit.for- the stock in
Take a hint from the politicians and
begin to repair your fences, if you
have not already done so. Look care
fully. The stock will find the weak
places if you do not.
The farmer who has raised sheep
and finds them profitable says that the
right kind of a flock in the hands of
the right kind of a farmer is one of
the best kind of investments.
The boy who is brought up to feel a
personal responsibility in the farm or
some feature of the farm and who
reaps the direct reward of such devo
tion, is seldom anxious to pull away
from the farm to the city.
Give the boy a chance for a little
independent management on the farm.
Give him a ram lamb and two young
ewes. He can handle them easily,
feed them on a small lot and train
himself to be a fine shepherd in doing
You will find the following to be a
good ration for young pigs: Three
ounces of cornmeal to one quart skim
milk. For pigs over 60 pounds give
six ounces cornmeal to one quart
milk. -When they reach 100 pounds
weiglit add eight ounces cornmeal.
Keep records and accounts both of
the livestock and the crops of the
farm. The value of knowing what it
costs to produce the products on your
farm !ies wholly in the possibility af
forded by its use in comparing your
system of farm management with that
With body rested by the winter let
up and the mind stimulated by the lec
tures of the farmers' institutes and
the studies of the short course at the
agricultural school, and the reading
of the good farm journal, which of
course you take, you are ready for the
work of the coming season.
Good dairying includes good cows,
good pasture in summer and good
feed in winter, good shade in sum
mer and good shelter in winter,
good water and good care all
the year round, and good ma
chinery to run the separator, the
churn, etc. If the far-mer has good
eyesight, he can easily see the good
points of the above declaration.
The heavy horse of the draft type
is the horse for the farmer to raise.
Prof. F. C. Minkler of the New Jersey
experiment station has this to say in
reference to the disposition of some
farmers to raise road horses: "If you
are going to be a jockey and run a
r-ace horse stable, it is all right to go
into the road horse business, but for
the sake of your own success, if you
are a gr-ain or live stock farmer, don't
meddle with sulky carts and fast
horses. It has ruined nearly every
farmer who ever attempted it, besides
the environment is far: from whole
some or even decent. ~It is just like
trying to paint a barn with a feather
when brushes are pleytiful and cheap,
Stick to the dat oe ".
Cut out the suckers. The tree to
weakened by them.
Try a song or a whistle with the
chores. Makes them go easier.
Sour milk fed to the chickens will
be returned to you in more eggs.
Arrange the stock buildings so as
to minimize the work of caring for
It will pay you to have a feed mill
if you are feeding from 20 to 25 bush
els of grain a week.
Be on the lookout for new ideas.
Little danger that you will ever know
too much about farming.
As the American farmer is knowri
abroad-"American butter" is the
name given in Syria to oleomargarine.
Overfeed or underfeed. irregular
feeding or improper feed are mistakes
to be avoided if stock raising is tc
Be careful and do not let the young
horses strain themselves under the
heavy spring work. An injury done
will be hard to overcome.
Use a spring wagon when hauling
fruit or vegetables. If you haven't
one get the springs for your farm
wagon to be used when needed.
Make up your mind now that next
winter you will take that short course
at the agricultural college which you
had half a mifid to try this year, but
Fodder which is scattered on the
ground and run over by the sheep is
practically waste, for they will not
touch it, although perhaps suffering
Not a had idea as the horses coma
into the hard work of the spring to
clip them. A heavy coat of wet halt
is not very comfortable In a 9old
Never think of marketing a thin
horse. The food it will take to put
him in good flesh will more than come
back to you in the better price you
will get for the animal.
out a scheme whereby you can sell
some of your produce direct to the
consumer rather than paying most of
the profit to the commission mas
In pan-raised cream you have the
pans to wash and where separator is
used you have the separator to wash.
Where is the difference? This for
those to answer who object to the sop
arator because of the work of wash.
Don't go into the hog raising busi
ness just because you think a mud
hole and a trough full of slop Is all
that is needed to produce marketable
animals. Right kind of care and right
kind of feed are necessary to profib
able hog raising.
-The two important elements in feed
are the proteids, or tissue forming ele
ments, and carbohydrates, or fat
formers. In breeding and growing
stock thought should be had for the
foods rich in protein, as clover., milk.
oats, vegetables and wheat middlings.
A good carriage horse will bring
from $200 to $300 in almost any horse
market, while scrubs that cost almost
as much to raise will bring only half
that sum. While you are in the horse
raising business breed to a good sire
and get an animal that Is worth
The wise dairyman need not fear tu
berculosis provided he systematically
fights it. Test the herd at least once
a year and remove those found to be
infected. Receive no new stock that
has not passed the test. This method
iIs absolutely safe. It can be con
tracted only by contact with diseased
Put in the raw material and bring
forth the finished product is what the
farmer does when he fertilizes his
soil and cultivates it and grows his
crop. Such a farmer is in profitable
manufacturing business. But he who
takes from the soil and puts nothing
in the place of the crop removed is.
like the miner taking riches from the
ground and making no return.
Asparagus and rhubarb need lots of
manure, and scarcely too much can be
applied to the soil. Whatever may
be said concerning the typhoid bacil
lus in horse manure and its dangers
to strawberries, certain it is that it
does not apply to rhubarb and aspara
gus, for the latter plants are cooked
before eating so that any germs which
might be present would be destroyed.
Prof. E. T. Hart of the University of
Wisconsin has devised a new milk
test for the discovery of the casein
content of the milk, and which is of
special interest to the cheese maker.
His test consists of placing a quantity
of milk into a tube with chloroform
and acetic acid thoroughly mixed. The
tube is then revolved, as in the Bab
cock, test 2,000 revolutions a minute
for eight minutes. This distributes
the ingredients so that the chloroform
and the fat in solution are at one end
and clear water and the milk solids
on the top. The casein is found in a
white mass between these two and
may be measured by the scale marked
on the tube.
Lock that Locks
lingle the represents the latest
best development in METAL
NGLE construction. Highly
,oved and used by the most ex
3nced builders in this section,
by Cotton Mills for Cottages.
T. BURRIS & SON,
I, S. .C.
elf their construction, quality
rarieties Growing in One
a. Rattlesnake, Eden, lune Gem. Kl
reler. Sweethei, Cale's ,arly, S tno, H
umnbo, Melver's Sugar, Light icing, Mote
rcb, Kolb's Gem, Dixie, King's Grea and
:cder, Peerless, irk Icing, Ky. Woder,
>f C2., Duke Jones, Florida Favorite, J
a. Sweet, Iceberg, Phinney's Eay, Vick'
h,._Black Spanish, Pride of the South,
2$ Gold, and others.
r or One. - *r4 -r.
it by AsoU fi6r'5Oe. Lu Stamnps.
rice at Present.
:0 go at ills Prce.
u to lay in a good supply.
a have just received some of
ey are only worth 65c each
Yield of Fruit
rthe result of good mange
tis, nitrogen, phosphoric acid
n. This truth ha becom so
what the tree removes if you
:ome an axiom with the best
er s fru tree snrespond to
es' fertilizers," says Mr. H. 0.
yours proved to be the best.
na Fertilizer, was just twice as
panies' fertilizer was used."
lina Fertilizers are cheapest
etter satisfaction and quicker
le to fruit growers are pub
look, a copy of which will be
B1 altimore, Md.
Manufactu'ed by JOHN
See them and judge for yours
To All Our S
A GREAT CURIOSITY--" I
PA RT ICU.ARS vriet,--sc
This melon patch will prove interest- Sweets, Ark. Tra,
* *e ud ble. Itenables Early, Triumph.
nelons, and determin' .- - :1;- of Jordan's G. Mon:
best. A patch with 30 kds of water- Pradford Black B
melons will be something -*-ty to look Cut.--non., Pridei
at, and afords at same tlr" .u object Old Doinl.7. AJ
leston in varieties. Ordinar w- 0 kinds can King, Iron Ct
wou!d cst $1.0, or, at 5 c t paper,
$1.00, but we, under this special plan, propose to send the
One got gleen free with each renewal a
or, We will Sell yeu a JaMple ?4
For Best Pal
Is a Mighty Good I
We flre 75 Barels 1
This is one time it will pay y<
What about your chairs. W.
he best chairs you ever saw. Th
and will not get "rickety''
IT PAYS TO BUY
How to Increase the
Increased fruit crops are more ofte
ment than of good luck. Fruit trees at
The trees absorb plant foods-tha
and potash-from the soil just the sam
ence has shown this over and over aga
well recognized that " return to the lan<
would expect the best results " has be'
Apple, pear, peach, orange and ott
careful fertilization. But be sure to us
" I made a test with other compani
Lowry, of Manatee County, Fla., " and
The yield where I used Virginia-Caroli
much as where the other two como
Hundreds of users say Virginiia-Cart
because of their good qualities-give I
Many facts of great interest and v:
lished in the new 1909 Farmers' Year I
sent free on application to any of our s
Columbia, S. C.
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