THiE PICKENS SENTINEl:JOURNAL
Entered April 23, 1903 at Pickens, S. C. an second class matter under act of Congress of March 3, 1879
39th Year PICKENS, S. C, APRIL 8, 1909. Number 1
Does the r
If not, something must be
wrong with its food. If the
mother's milk doesn't nourish
it, she needs Scott's Emulsion.
It supplies the elements of fat
required for the baby. If baby
is not nourished by its artificial
food, then it requires
Half a teaspoonful three or
four times a day in its bottle
will have the desired effect. It
seems to have a magical effect
upon babies and children. A
fifty-cent bottle will prove the
truth of our statements.
Send this advertisement, together with name
of paper in which it appears, your address and
four cents to cover postage. and we will send
you a "Complete Handy Atlas of the World.'
SCOTF& BOWNE, 409 Pearl St., New York
"That youngster of yours seems to W
be having his own way lately. You're Ti
not as strict with him as you were."
"No, it was a question of economy Ar
"Yes; every month I used to have
to buy myself a pair of slippers, and
the boy a rair of trousers."
The Cause of Many
a disease prevailing in this
try most dangerous because so decep- Bi
.- tive. Many sudden .
deaths are caused Fo
by it-heart dis- I
ease, pneumonia, In
heart failure cr
apoplexy are often
the result of kid
ney disease. If o
- kidney trouble is i
ed blood will at- To
tack the vital organs, causing catarrh of
the bladder, brick-dust or sediment in
the urine, head ache, back ache, lame
back, dizziness, sleeplessness, nervous
ness, or the kidneys tLemselves break t
down and waste away cell by cell.
-ladder tro -bles almost always result
from a derangement of the kidneys and
better health in that organ is obtained
quickest by a proper treatment of the kid
neys. Swamp-Root corrects inability to
hold urine and scalding pain in passing it,
and overcomes that unpleasant necessit
of being compelled to go often through
the day, and to get up many times during th
the night. The mild and immediate effect
of Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy
is soon realized. It stands the highest be- i13
cause of its remarkable health restoring h<
properties. A trial will convince anyone.
Swamp-Root is pleasant to take and is
sold by all druggists in fifty-cent and vi
one-dollar size bottles. You niay have a tc
sample bottle and a book that tells all
about it, both sent free by mail. Address,
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y.
When writing mention rteading this gen
erous offer in this paper. Don't make PD
any mistake, but remember the name,
Swamp-Root. and don't let a dealer sell
you something in place of Swamp-Root-,i
if you do you will be disappointed. vi
Why She Waited.
An old woan red nosed and in
rags, stood in front of a pawnshop that ,
was burning down. The flames threw
weird lights on her, and she cried and
wrung her hauds piteously. th
"What is the matter with you?" a at
fireman asked. "You don't own the re
shop, do you?~"
"No," she wailed. "But my old man's
Sunday suit is up that spout, and he es
don't know it." th
If You .kead This
It will be to learn that the leading medi- y
cal writers and teachers of all the several 00
schools of practice recommend, in the
strongest terms possible, each and every
ingredient entering into the composition
of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
for the cure of weak stomach, dyspesa
catarrh of stomach, "liver complaint," i
torpid liver, or biliousness, chronic bowel a'
affections, and all catarrhal diseases of
whatever region, name or nature. It is
also a specific remedy for all such chronic
or long standing cases of catarrhal affec
tions and their resultants, as bronchial, at
throat and lung disease (except consump- st
tion) accompanied with severe coughs. It
is not so good for acute colds and coughs,
but for Iingerin gor chronic cases it is
especially ellicacious in prodiucing per- e'
feet cures. It contains IBlack Cherryhark, th
Golden Seal root. Biloodroot. Stone root. si
Mandrake root and Queen's ret-all of
which are highly praised as remiedies for ci
all the above mentioned affections hy such
eminent medlical writers and teachers as,
Prof. II rtholow, of Jefferson Med. Coi- th
lege Pr~of. 11are, of the Un m - of P'a.; H
Prof. Finley' Ellingwood. M. I lof Ben
nett Med. College. Chicago; Prof. John w
King, M. D., of Cincinnati :Prof. .John bl
M. Scudder, M. D., of Cincinna ti : Prof.
Edwin M. Hale. M. D., of Hlahnemann
Med. College, Chicago, and scores of
others eually eminent in their several s
schools of prac tice. ai
The "Golden Medical Discovery " is tieey
only medicine put up for sale through II
druggists for like purposes, that has any
such rTofessiomdi endorsement-wort or 0
more thani any .Ember of ordinary testi
monials. Open publicity of its formula
is the best possible guaranty of its merits.
A glance at this published formula will
show that "G;olden Medical Discovery" es
contains no poisonous, harmful or habit
formingdrugs and no alcohol-chemically
~ure, rple-refined glycerine being usedl ci
inta.Glycerine is e'ntirely unobjec
tionable and besides is a most useful agent
in the cure of all stomach as well a ron
chial, throat and lung affections. There
is the highest medical authority for its of
use in all such cases. The "Discovery "is *w
a concentrated glyceric extract of native,
- medicinal roots and is safe and reliable.
A booklet of extracts from eminent,
medical authorities, endorsing its ingre
dients mailed free on request. Address
Dr. E. V. Pierce, Buff alo, N. Y.
In Sugar Time.
hen brooks have burst their fetters iff
Lnd singing gladly, glide away;
hen all the world has freed Itself
rm winter and the fleeting day,
ere wells from broken twig and bark
'he nectar of the maple tree
d through the budding forest deep
s heard the sound of revelry.
i, where the dryads hold their sway,
Ldown the forest's winding way
valk with one whose face Is fair,
VIth lips of cherry, eyes of May.
re in the sea of forestry
Ve cruise within a fairy realm
e are, no pain, no somber thought,
Vith Love, triumphant, at the helm!
tween us hangs a limpid draught
>f nectar slopping to and fro
t ah, the maple never gave
luch nectar as her lips, I know',
r there Is brewed the wine of Ibe!
i'rom out the chalice of her lip
oxicated, still I drink'
mbrosia that a king might sip!
ek, Time! Grim tyrant hard and cold!
Lnd let me walk once morewith her.
et, film! And let my yearning eye
lee on beyond this palling blur
Sarching silhouettes of peace
Nhere gurgling rivers croon and sing
where a maiden waits for me
n Mapleland where Love is King!
The Passwing Laugh.
Many a man spends his vacation
>king for a better Job.
When a man is on the water wagon
,erybody wants to treat
With gas In the house lovers have a
d case of lingering consumption.
The best thing about a type-riter U
e pretty young miss that oply it.
My wife is the politician of our fam
. At least she's the spaker of the
Much neta the gtrk has beno'b
*rtheretIshbrewedttheswie sonf te
rnm ut the cleticeor lip
Invesoskn that i a kiotgh sip
mey Time mines, tyrauset, hard veo
nd et thee. nc oewihhr
Seoe beond s thi pali blon
ahng utt sietes to-thidse o th
Noher a maidermits o a ma
o collcts heraes Loe Is King!a
lTaehe coelngL aughr .
Madn't an many sped hipe vcin
isg forld. betge mejob. ir
Wen than is rsore n, d thewaewgo
trybodyet wnt togreat.pis hs'
eWatheyi he heracers bae a
A chald of lingrune, consepofaNe
The bes thing aot a he hadrsen1i
eomebtty young m iss ourat .maYit
Myt wie woul dtfhe itcad ofCarega'
he. AtHeas sheprsted hshaer o bth
owingo tht lht wod keep 'een.o
thor and the corio i nde the
:>ckma n maeectic bettelvig
Invetor them. Thee dos anot asl
et tltherefr. s oe.Hesml
s fom e pelse teor lte f.lowe
e habst tof spiern totis odyiNf
11lae po puton. oe lnkt
der, fora lvers s wnot be ma
ain. colet the taxes oneta is hesigt
o twxes te marrlectorsd faya
Ie dot an ainy ofegod luck.uc
ishwrld ust giv ue me a m.an whe
ortht wblig restoe tringd t
im consinadentist fave tsst
trcStehweth grcetpss, t
Wen ay they has exreacted mine ag
sixy-f v partofth ianteest.r c i
the wmmuliyd ifghin, hateg maa
HANDLING HIRED LABOR.
"Farmer" Advocates Paying the Hired
Hand $1.50 and Charging for Extras.
Along with all other sections of the
country the south is suffering from
the scarcity of farm labor, and more
than any other section because such
a large percentage of her white rural
population, male and female, is unac
customed to helping themselves in
the kitchen or on the farm. Conse
quently we suffer more from the loss
of labor than those parts of the coun
try where the people know how to
do their own work.
One of the many problems which
confronts us is how to make the farm
more attractive to the laborer, even
though he be a negro, and show him
that his Interests and comfort both
lay more on the plantation than on
the public works.
We think farm wages are, say, a
third higher than they were a few
years ago, because we pay, possibly,
one-third more in cash, and, like the
laborer himself, fail to take his per
quisites into the account and then be
lieve, as he does, that because the
railroads, mines and public works gen
erally pay $1.50 per day that they
pay twice as much as we fa-mers pay.
We forget that while he receives these
wages he boards and lodges himself
and pays for everything he gets, and
that as a matter of fact the farmer,
when the perquisites (rent, fuel, gar
den, etc.), are considered and esti
mated at fair prices, pays as much
as the public works.
Nor do we stop to consider that ev
ery man, white or black, likes to han
dle money, hear it jingle in his own
pocket and realize that it is his, if
even for a little while. Few men at
tach value to the perquisites of their
business, trade or labor. They count
the cash as all they get, and this is
most true of people in the humble
walks of life.
On railroad work a man receives,
say $1.50 per day, which (for 26 days)
is $39 per month, but experience
shows that he loses at least four days
per month from bad weather and oth
er causes, which will reduce his tmie
to 22 days and his pay to $33. Now,
on the farm, we pay this man $12,
where we formerly paid him $8, and
furnish him with rations, a house,
fuel, garden, pasturage for his cow
and allow him to keep chickens and
a pig. Now, suppose we pay this man
the same he gets on the railroad,
viz.: $1.50 per day, and that he makes
22 days per month, or $33, and him
the money in cash and charge him
for what he gets, say, per iuith:
House rent and garden ........$ 6.00
Fuel, two cords of wood at $2.. 4.00
Rations, 20 cents per day...... 6.00
Pasturage for cow............. 1.00
Privilege of keeping chicekns.. 1.00
Privilege of keeping pig......- .50
Total ............- .. --------$18.50
and in that way we get back $18.50
of the $33, leaving a balance of $15.50.
Then do as they do in the north and
west, charge him hire for your horse
and carry-all or buggy when he uses
them, Instead of lending them as you
do now. When he is sick or out of
place pay to the farmer, for what are
now perquisites will go on. Pay the
man the money and let him feel that
it is his. Then collect for what he
owes and do not "butt" accounts in
the monthly settlement.
A man receiving $20 per month Is
entitled to $20 or $30 credit, and cir
-umstances will arise when he will
be obliged to avail himself of his
.credt. But if this hecessity should
rise, the landlord, If he deems it
advisable, can always secure himself
by a bill of sale on the cow, the pig
and the chickens, and need not run
nore than the ordinary business ris-k
n the transaction.
-Another matter worthy of consider
rtion is that this plan of employing la
bor will do a great deal towards the
-education of the negro and will bring
him to a realization of the fact that
it costs something to live and that'it
rests with him and not his employer
to support his family.
Many successful farmers in the
north and west follow the above plan
and like it.-Farmer, in Progressive
Estimates of the cost of spraying
trees are always interesting, because
so many farmers are planning to begin
the practice, while those who are now
spraying are looking for opportunities
to cut down the cost. WV. A. Orton of
the United States department of ag
riculture finds that the material for
spraying one hundred trees with Bor
deaux mixture and paris green can be
had at $2 to $3, and finds that the
cost of application is likely to equal
the cost of materials. A number of
records which he has on hand of the
actual expense incurred in spraying
orchards shows the cost to vary from
20 to 30 cents per tree for the entire
season with three to six sprayings,
which does not, however, include the
costly and troublesome operation of
spraying for the scale pest.
To plow, sow, cultivate, raise and
handle the grain from which most of
our *ork and beef is produced calfs
for an army of laborers, while to at
tend to, provide and care for a flock
of sheep requires the least, and thus
seems to fit the prevailing economic
Ideas of the present time of hiring as
little farm help as consistency 'will
The record for lowest cost of pork
production is held by the south.
IProf. Jnhn Michels.
I - -F ANERICA -
READY FOR PEACL
"They Cry 'Peace Peace,' but There
Is No Peace."
The farmers, under the leadership
Df the Farmers' Union, have put up
such a fierce fight against the specu
lative 'interest for the last four years
that they (the speculators) are ready
to treat for peace, but boys, they are
cot willing for us to name the terms.
We have fought them until they
have decided that we were a power to
be reckoned with. At first they
laughed at us. They made fun of us.
Now they are coming to us and say
ing, "let us reason together abou!
these things," but it is not yet time
to consider peace. We must prepare
for the most terrific battle this fall
that has ever been known between
two great financial interests. The spec
ulators when they find that we will
not treat on their terms, will prepare
to stake all on that battle, and it Is
up to us to decide whether we will
surrender on their terms or fight as
we have never fought.
Shall we surrender? No, never.
Then we must prepare for battle.
This preparation should begin with
the beginning of this year. The farm- I
ers should stay out of debt, and should
plant plenty of home supplies. Leave
off buying the buggy un'Iess you have
the cash to pay for It, but above ev
erything plant your home supplies. Re
member that trenched behind the
breast-works of home supplies, with
your guns of co-operative enterprises
trained on the enemy, there Is abso.
lutely no chance for you to lose in the
Shall we thus prepare and stand to.
gether? Yes, every patriot, every
home-loving citizen, every man who
from the depths of his heart, pledged
to support a wife and family will pre.
pare for the battle.-Union City, Ga.,
Help your neighbor to keep away'
from the mortgage upon them this
The proper handling of a farm calls
for thought as well as work. It pays
to study every field and crop.
Follow the rains with a split log
drag and you will help cut down the
item of transportation on your stuff.
Don't commence the season withous
a pig or two in the pen. You will find
that you have use for him a little later
Your Local is what you make it, and
if it is not an interesting place to go,
you and your neighbors are to blame
The waste of the farm will pay the
interest on a mortgage if handled
right. Weeds may be turned into 7e
lambs and mutton.
East, Central and South Texas will
not plant so much cotton this year,
but the Panhandle -sections will broad
en the area somewhat.
They are going right along in the
Northwest consolidating the public
schools, getting better teachers, better
houses and longer terms of echool.
Every sucker on your trees is a tas
on you. Let your motto be, "Million:
for defense, not a cent for tribute.'
Get out your poeket knife for this
sort of tribute raisers.
The good Union man has no time to
"run the whole community," but he
has plenty of time to be neighborly
and helpful to all around him. Are
you a good Union man?
The plan for this year is to tillt
less number of acres of cotton, rals
less and get as much money for:
small crop as is usual for the bumper
The biggest thing many farmers cau
do this year is to use better seed thai
they have been in the habit of using
Seed is the first step, and let the firs'
step be taken right.
Half the money spent each yea,
for wagons could be saved if better
care was taken of the old ones. Make
it a rule not to leave the wagon out
of doors overnight.
Don't let the summer come on an4
your cistern remain still unscreened.
Fevers are generated in uncovered cis
terns by the small and industrious
mosquito "while you sleep."
The man who has a good garden, an
orchard, a few cows and plenty o1
hens -isn't worrying about the price of
cotton, and if he has some, in the
warehouse, he isn't in any sort of a
hurry about getting it out.
Trim shade trees high, and trim
fruit trees low. The shade trees want
to be high enough for under-ventila.
tion, while the fruit trees must be low
to make the picking easy, and to pre.
vent breaking down in the high windE
and under heavy fruitage.
The very best time to do a thing
that ought to be done is right now
Get busy getting all the good men it
you neighborhood into the Union.
where all can work for the general
benet. It is a poor sort of a commun
n.t 'whrein each bird socks by iesif
Different Treatment is Needed for I
One of the first things the farr
must learn is that soils differ grea
as to the kinds and quantities of
plant foods they contain. This see
to be one of the hardest things
impress upon the farmer. Over i
over again the mistake is made
buying a fertilizer because it I
given good results when applied
certain farms. In fact many of
fertilizer sellers put out literature t
has for its base the testimonials
growers showing how many potat
were grown, or how much of ot]
things were grown, as a result of
use of the fertilizer.
Soils differ so radically that it
impossible to make a fertilizer mixt
that will be suited to the product
of a certain crop in all places. '
supposition that such is possible i
delusion and a snare.
Every farmer should try to read
reports of the investigations- of so
that he may be able to form a t:
conception of the needs of his s
To show how enormously soils dil
we have but to Journey to differ
parts of the state of Illinois or to i
state where a soil survey has bi
made and experiments undertaken.
down into the Kankakee marshes t
have been drained and brought I
cultivation. They have soil so rich
3ltrogen that it is a loss of time
put on nitrogenous fertilizers, g
$40 of blood per acre gave no resu
But a little potassium made the i
bring forth ten fold. Just the ol
site may be found in another cou
where the land lacks nitrogen and
enough potassium. There the appI
tion of potassium had no effect wl
a little blood accomplished wondei
Many soils have both potassium i
nitrogen, but lack phosphorus. 'I
ha to be supplied before they
give returns of any consequence.
long as men buy fertilizers beca
they do rell in some places, so 1,
will they throw away a large part
Boils differ In different counties, i
they differ sometimes on the ss
farm, says Farmers' Review. I
quently one part of a farm is of
geological formation and another I
of another geological formation. (
may have been created a million ye
before the other was created. 4
may be product of the grindings of
glaciers, while another may be the
sult of the slow action of water
positing its silt little by little.
part of a man's farm may be riel
nitrogen, while another is stara
for it. A man must know his land
what is in it.
CARRYING TRUNK IN A BUG
Frame Which Will Make the Un
To carry a trunk or any bulky art
in a small buggy, make a frame
of two pieces of 1%x2 inch scantli
Carrying Trunk In Buggy.
8 feet long. Nail a board across
ends as shown in A of the accompi
ing illustration. Place the freee
beneath the seat and under the:
rest in front, letting the frame ext
behind the buggy. The trunk or1
explains Prairie Farmer, can then
placed on the end of the frame be]
the seat of the buggy. It should
BETTER THAN WHITEWASH
Serviceable Paint Which Is Made
of Sour Milk.
A serviceable paint for farm bt
ings can be made by* thickening
milk or buttermilk with Portland
ment and metallic venetian red
bright red paint powder to the<
nary paint consistency. I painted
outside of my barn (rough lum1
with this mixture and also paintE
few boards with ordinary oil pain
a check, and six years after the
paint had preserved the wood be
than the oil paint. It has kept
color and shows no sign of age, wr
a farmer in Indiana Farmer.
paint will not rub or wash off
whitewash. The grease In the
seems to have the fixing quality,
tried using water with the cement
found it rubbed off readily. For
reason it is judged that sour mul
better than buttermilk, as it cont
more grease. This sort of psaint c
but little and can be mixed up
stantly. It is very valuable for di
little odd painting jobs around
farm which might not otherwise
done. It is necessary to keep ag
ing the paint, as the cement sei
In the rotation a leguminous
coming first will add nitrogen for
use of subsequent arops,
to ALCOHOL 3 ERCENT.
Des L:Aeea inr
er tio u a r
the ,, fla
e a a ct Cont smol
leoSm~iES -) IM
oil. P 1
to abou t iolf nSOy SoretanD 1
Lnd IW: mandLOSSOFSME
gets Fck s talk t hef
will Eat Copy of Wape.
re- " The Deeps Are Dumb.
d The greatest golfers seldom t
we about their golf any more than t
greatest cricketers talk about the
one cricket. It is the enthusiastic duff
dart who enjoys conversing about Ib
)ne game."-London Truth.
the Busily Engaged.
re- "Did you know," ad the nervo
d i man, that Saturn has lost one of I
Dne rings?" "My friend," answered I
e in Sirius Barker, "I can find enough
ring worry about right here on this eal
and I don't have to get a telescope."
Where Currency Is Not Used.
GY. In Rhodesia the housewife needs:
money for food, if one has calico
der " salt. Native hucksters demand eit
one or the other, and pocket boo
I ere and purses are useless.
ngs Deadly Kamchatkan Liquor.
In Kamchatka there grows a m
in- rom cld ather fle, oane, f
less ittisma fvrt e vert f,' age. M
ensitiveo Prtseile of "but Boy
Te tiomfanenguic had ethenm
sntrs. patad-he umd hodle
the ips ofate ingersll comed nest em
td dhi stud the lipd.s.c
end y ie i Freak Cyeaks.fr
ind'n apossum," reaidon. couring anel
etric "a'tor t of not ucommon4
th ir regular Dcions Dwitora,
tancrc haseverfeeta cutert" aid M
terala of i ve. sItervaut myo
Outonl fr ae ent rc hat eae
foctyers. Isedh sdBci
th rid- sathe till Sideol Cooey.Is
end Theobeak of C ok s.nte
ce-d hygiaenbt eshtinaso Durin anok1
teiroe heglarranctin ofithe asm
rd-ervelos tie. fTavos, ita maye
onh for aacie momental oroces ma
>r gntthe ject of peasing nte
d a which reacts on the gastric organs
ssuch a aystopromote digestion.
its Must Please Women.
'ites An English periodical says that
'his Is women that make the success
like the stage, as they are the great
nilk trons. Where they go the men a
as I hound to follow, and it is necessa:
and first of all, that a play shall succe'
this to make it interesting to the womn
k is The facts prove this to be true in ti
ains country as well.
in-. Wise Provision of Nature.
ung The skin of the men and won
the of some nations is much thicker th
get that of others, particularly In I
t-countries. The Central African nei
tes has a skin about half as thick agi
as that of a European. That of a
gro Is thickest over the head a
rp1back--evidently to form protecti
For Infants and Chfidren.
The Kind You Have
"sUoUS esan'tw U8WAr ne TM m
Mme. Gould may or may not be in
k debt; but Paris is unnecessarily
A alarmed if it thinks anything has hap
i pened in this country to make railway
w securities valueless.
"Dying Is a delicious sensation,"
says a New York physician. But how
does he know? Unless, of course, he is
I a dead one.
:r. A California judge has just decided
to that a man doesn't have to get out of
-L the way of an automobile; but the
man knows better.
A British statesman says that the
10 Balkan troubles menace the peace of
o Europe. Of course they do. That Is
e their specialty.
. Invention of a noiseless firearm ;s
announced. Doubtless it will have the
h I Indorsement of the Assassins' union.
The great Oxford dictionary, which
h as been under way for a generation,
has reached "pre."
Pittsburg has ceased to give much
iattention to floods that do not exceed
Up Before The Bar.
N. H. Brown. an attorney, of Pitts
King's New 'life Pills fur years and
find them such a good family medicine
we wouldn't be without the'm." Fa:.r
tChills, Constipation, Biiousness or sick
Headache they work wonders. 25c at all
Uses Either Hand.
L- Justice Philimon is the only judge
'I on the English bench who can boast
- of being ambidextrous, and It Is said
il to be curious to watch him taking
a' notes In court, using his pen first in
eone hand and then the other.
a' Reversing Things.
"Aren't you on good terms with
your relations, Mr. Ruralite?" "I have
been till they all wanted to visit me
r? this summer, but now they are not
-on good relations with my terms."
I Parrot Fond of Music.
The parrot appreciates music more
''than any other of the lower creatur*
BONE PAINS, CAI
B.B. B. (Botanic Blood Blood) is the
only Blood Remedy that kills the poison
in the blood and then purifies it-send
ing a flood of pure, rich blood direct to
the skin surface, bones. joints, and
~.wherever the disease is located. In this
S way all sores, ulcers. pimples. eruptions
are healed and cured. pains and aches
of Rheumatism cease, swellings subside.
B. B. B. completely changes the body
into a clean healthy condition, giving
r. the skin the rich, red hue of perfect
a health. B. B. B. cures the worst old
ot cases. Try it.
BOTANIC BLOOD BALM)
spleasnt and sae to take; com)~ ofurJ
oits 1 00 P R L AR GE B T L e t h rve s.
tions frhome cure.
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