Entered April 23, 1903 at Pickens, S. C. a
39th Year PICKENS.
State News ]
Ill the Lit! News from Zvoi
The summer school for teach
ers at Wofford College opened
A charter has been granted the
Citizen's Exchange Bank of
Denmark. Capital $25,030.
A commision has been issued
to the Georgetown Erle com
pany, at Georgetown. Capital,
Sam Long, a young fa-merof
Westminister. committed sui
cide Lv shooting himself with a
Mr. and Mrs. U. L. Trabert of
Minneapolis. Minn.. have donat
el a physical laboratory to New
The secretary of state granted
the IssvItio-i i Mills of Cental,
the right to int,rease its capital
stock from 20,00 to i"4100,000.
Mrs. E. 0. Singletary, an aged
lidy, died on a train while on her
route to her hoie at Florence
from a visit to relatives at Lake
Monroe Mills. entered the
dwelling of a white family at
Chester Sunday night and hid
under a bed. Pron- Aiovement
of the inm1 ea caused the scoun
drel to '4u ,irriedly. He was
pt and landed in
pursued , cau l. e
The war department has not'
fled the milita authorities that
Cap. Thoma- Q. Donaldson, Jr.,
will be detailed as instructor of
the National Guard of South
Carolina, at the encanm
ment at Greenville, beginning
Jaly 5. Capt. Donaldson is well
known throughout the state and
is a son of Mir. T. Q. )onaldson
In the court of sessions at Lau
rens Will Goodman. a white
man. pleaded guilty of man
slaughter and was sentenced to
four years in the penitentiary or
on the countv works. John
Woody, a negro, pleaded guilty
of housebreaking and larceny
and was sentenced to seven years
in the penitentiary or on the
county works. Goodman killed
a negro in a crap game.
A. HI. Page & Son oif Cheraw
have tran!sferredl to the Seaboard
Air Line railway the controlling
inyterest in the Chestesfield and
Lancaster Railroad company.
The purchase price of the stock
was not annonnleed. The Ches
terfield and Lancaster railroad
which wa- built in 19)01 is about
40 miles in lenigthi running from
Cheraw to Cro)wbur~g, about 30
miles from Charlotte, N. C.
Attorney GJeneral Lyon has
received from County Treasurer
Langford of Hampton at request
for some infor-mationI as to the
books of that office, a shortage
of about ~.(h,0 being alleged.
TneI books have ieen examined
by an expert fromi the auditing
c<mpany hlaving the matter in
charge and within the next fewv
days an (xperVt fromll the ofiice of
Conmptroller GJeneral Jones will
go over the books. Until then
the records oif the oftice will re
main under lock and key.
Heroic efforts on the par-t of
John Swvitzer' savedl Miss M1ae
SLowe~ from death hv dr-owning
in Lawson's Fork, near the home
- of E. L. Archer in Spartanburg
cotinty, Mfonday afternoon.
Miss Lowe attempted to walk a
foot log across5 the stream and
fell in. MIr. Switzer saw the
young lady when she fell and he
plunged into the stream and r-es
cued her- after hard work.' He
made for the bank with the
young lady but the embankment
was so high that he could not
climb out. He called for help
and a niegro ma:n hearing his
calls foir aid rushed to his assist
ance. Th'. y ung lady- was un
conscious and( 31r. Swvitze'r w~as
completely exhausted when tak
en from the streami.
Five prisoners attempted to
break jail at Yorkville.
A. A. Barron, a well known
citizen of Rock Hill is dead at
A terrapin, said to be 68 years
old, was captured near Cross Hill
several days ago.
Revenue officers destroyed an
illicit still in the Dark Corner of
Capt. J. S. Bowman, a well
known citizen of Rowesville, S.
C., is dead at his home.
William James Rivers, aged
87, formerly a resident of Char
leston, died in, Baltimore.
The annual convention of the
postmasters of South Carolina
will be held in Columbia this
Dr. C. H. Shattuck, professor
of botany of Clemson College
has resigned his position to ac
cept a position at the University
S. J. P. Alston of Charleston,
was drowned off Young's island,
near Charleston, while rescuing
a party of ladies from a launch
that was filling with water.
The secretary of state has is
sued a certificate of incorpora
tion to the country club of Spar
tanburg, which is the first step
towards securing a commission.
Just as soon as the commision is
received the board of manageis
will meet and decide on a loca
tion for the club. Several sites
are being considered.
In Greenville a complaint was
registered by a well-to do negro
of the county, Fred Nance,
against a party of automobilists
who ran into his buggy on Sun
day night. The car hit the bug
gy and demolished it, and then
the occup-ts gave the negro
five dollal and sped away.
There is no clue as to the identi
ty of the autoists, but the author
ities are working on the case.
The farmers of Greenville coun
ty are much worried over the
fast driving of the autoists.
Mr. F. Wellington Ruckstuhl,
the sculptor, will shortly sail for
Florence, Italy, .there to finish
two important commissions he
has from South Carolina, the
statue of Calhoun, wvhich will
adorn Statuary hall in Washing
ton and the monument to the
South Carolina Women of the
Confederacy, which is to be
erected on the state house1
grounds in Coluibia. The Cal
houn statue will be in a position
for unveiling, Mr. .Ruckstuhl
hopes, shortly after congress
meets in December.
"An Italian with a piano organ was
turning the handle ot his machine
rapidly, but not a note was to be
heard. I stopped at once. What on
earth could be the matter?"
The speaker, an advertising agent,
"Finally," he said, "I went up close
to the man.
'A breakdown?' I asked.
"He pointed to a small placard on
the organ's front, and I read:
'The interior of the instrument has
been removed. The relief that in con
sequence you experience is as nothing
compared with that which Immediately
follows a dose of Surecure Cough Mix
"It was an original ad.," the expert
ended, "and I followed it up. From
what the Surecure people told me, I
found that the same ingenuity and
money put in legitimate newspaper ad
vertising would have brought 50 per,
cent. more returns."--Exchange.
Getting His Own Back.
An Ironworker, having had the
worst of an argument with a friend,
decided to get even with him.
Waiting, therefore, until his enemy
had retired to rest one night, he ap
proached his street door, and knocked
loudly In order to wake him. Open
ing the bedroom window, the other
hurriedly inquired what the noise was
"Why," replied the outside one. "one
of your windows is wide open."
"Why, the one you have your head
through," chuckled the other, as he
went away satisfied with the success
or M.u pot.-IlltrZated Bits.
Year's Supply Cost Only $465,585,
Though They Are "Plate Printed,"
Which Is Most Expensive Pro
cess of Taking Impressions.
Washington.-Out of the $165,742,
693 of revenue received by the post
office department during the last fiscal
year from the sale of stamps
stamped envelopes, newspaper wrap
pers and postal cards, only $1,634,554
was expended in their manufacture,
and of this total the postage stamps,
which brought in the largest return
by far, cost the government only
$465,585.36 for a year's supply.
Stamped envelopes made up $1,041,
068.80 of the total cost of manufactur
ing and postal cards $164,900.32. The
United States is one of the few large
countries which has not fallen back
on the cheaper processes of printing
for the manufacture of its postage
stamps. The stamps supplied by
Uncle Sam are printed by the "plate
printing" process, which is the most
costly as well as the most perfect of
all processes of taking a printed im
pression. Like all of our paper money
and the bonds and stocks certificates
admitted to trading on the New York
stock exchange the postage stamps
are printed from steel engravings. An
engraved plate differs radically from.
the printing surfaces used in the or-!
dinary typographical processes, in that
the lines which carry the ink are sunk
below the surface of the plate and
the pigment which remains on the pa
per after it has been run through the
printing press is taken, not from the
surface of the plate, as is the case in
typographic printing, but from the
sunken lines. By this process it. is
possible to make a much finer design
than it would be possible to print from
a typographic "cut," as may be seen
by comparing under a reading glass
any postage stamp or piece of paper
currency with the finest wood cut or
other example of typographic art.
The cost of manufacturing postage
stamps is further increased by the
necessity of gumming the backs; but
the perfection of the machinery which
carries out this process, together with
the small size of the stamps, makes
the total cost inconsiderable when
compared with the selling price.
The printed sheets of stamps pr-s
into the gumming machines as soon
as they are dried and passed by the
These machines are marvels of in
genuity. An even flow is spread on
the back of the stamps with wonderful
accuracy by a revolving drum whose
slightly rough surface carries the nec
essary amount of adhesive fluid. As
sheet after sheet passes face down un
der this roller it throws a parting
glimmer of its newly-gummed surface
in a mirror directly in front of the
young woman operator. By this means
she can tell whether or not the gum is
After its farewell gleam the sheet is
carried automatically through a dry
ing chest, where an even temperature
of 135 degrees is maintained. It is
now dry and ready to be trimmed,
numbered and perforated.
Finally, hydraulic presses remove
the burring left by the perforating ma
chines, and the finished stamps, exam
ined, counted, packed and sealed, are
ready for shipment.
NEW VERSES FOR GOSPELS.
Result of Recent Discovery of Biblical
Chicago.-Several new verses to
one of the Gospels will be given to
the world soon when the Archaelogical
Institute of America will meet at the
University of Chicago and make
known the existence in America of
certain Biblical manuscripts which
have recently been discovered.
The announcement will be made by
Prof. H. A. Sanders of the University
of Michigan. The manuscripts were
brought to America recently from
Egypt by Charles L. Freer. The manu
scripts bear on the text not only of
the four Gospels, but of the ancient
Greek version of Psalms and Deuteron
omy as well.
A joint session of the American
Philological association, the Archaeo
logical Institute, the Council of the In
stitute, the managing committee of
the American School of. Classical
Studies in Rome and the managing
committee of the American School of
Oriental Study and Research in Pales
tine will be held at the time.
Thaw Trial Breaks School.
New York.-A voluntary petition in
bankruptcy has been filed by Mrs. Ma.
thilda Beatrice De Mille, who formerly
conducted the fashionable school,
"Pamlico," at Pompton Lake, N. J.
It was at this school that the diary
of Evelyn Thaw, then a student there,
was written and which subsequently
figured in the trial of her husband.
Harry K. Thaw, for the murder of
Stanford White. It is understood the
notoriety caused by the Thaw trial
was the undoing of the school.
Coat of Ministetr Explodes.
Wooster, 0.-Rev. William H. Hub-'
bel, mayor-elect of Dalton, was the vic
tim of a peculiar explosion. His coat
suddenly burst into a blaze and was
ruined, though he was not injured.
He had no matches or explosives in
his pocket. He thinks that the ex
plosive was sewed in the lining of his
coat, which came from a Pittsbur'g de
SISTER NOT WANTED THERE.
Washington Boy Satisfied with the
'Tve got three brothers and my
self," said a six-year-old boy one day
last week to a male caller at his home
in Washington, during a little talk
about playmates, toys and boon com
pions. The caller was a bosom
friend of the youngster's father and
was waiting for the latter to join him
on a trip downtown.
"Four boys, eh?" commented the fa.
"Yes, Tom, that's me. Jim an' Free
an' Lou. Girls might be all right; I
like 'em, too, most of the time, but
they're sassy and always afraid ol
getting hurt. Can't play hall, noi
shoot marbles, and the only thin-;
some of 'enm can do is skate," prat
tied the boy.
"So you don't think you'd like tc
have a sister?"
"Nope," replied Tom after a pause.
"But suppose the Lord gave you a
sister, you would have to hav,- her,
Tom looked about the room for sev
eral moments and the casting his big
eyes on his inquisitor in a frightened
sort of way, suddenly darted out of the
room and made for the stairway.
"Where are you going, boy?" called
"To the nursery," came the reply as
Toni's legs carried him as fast as they
could up the stairs. In about ten min
utes he returned to the room again
perfectly placid, and, placing himself
squarely before the man, hesitated a
moment. "Mr. Smith. me and the boys
don't want a sister," he said.
"But, suppose God had just left one
here for you, what then?"
"Well, I wouldn't a-been her, Fred
wouldn't a-been her, Lou wouldn't a
been her and Jim wouldn't a-been her.
Now, who'd a-been her?"
FROCK COATS IN CONGRESS.
Garment Going Out of Fashion Among
Congress is eliminating the frock
coat habit. More than half the mem
bers of the new congress have shown
their disapproval of the time-honored
costume by appearing on the floor of,
the house in the regulation business
suit of tweed. Red and lavender neck
ties can poll a larger vote than the
somber black string tie, and old mem
bers, loyal to the frock coat and its
accessories, are discussing with de
spair the future of congressional tan
These sartorial belligerents declare
that the revolt against the unwritten
law concerning the frock coat habit
is chiefly in the interest of comfort.
Whether the regulation statesman's
garb would be a matter of pride with
them in questionin.: whether they
would appear to better personal ad
vantage in solemn black or most be
coming blue, they insist. is a matter
of secondary consideration.
Fear expressed by members of the
house for the doom of the frock coat
has already distur-bed the equanimity
of the senate by the appearance of a
couple of belligerents in the ranks of
this black-coated body.
Allie James of Kentucky, the heavy
weight of the house, who weighs near
ly 300 pounds. says the habit of a ear
ing light tan and gray sack coat suits
is not a mattcr of choice. It is a neces
sity, he says, because he nevor found
a tailor who had cloth enougl of one
kind to make him a frock coat suit.
One Use for Billboards.
"Billboards may be a horrible blot
on civic beauty," said a well-known
Washington business man the other
day, "but they have their uses."
"Impossible!" said a disgusted art
"But I tell you they have their ben
efits," insisted the man." "I know it."
"Oh, I don't see how," said the dis
gruntled artist, recalling memories of
many wars waged by his colleagues
and civic improvement societies on
"I got my elementary education
from them." said thme business man.
"I learned the alphabet from them."
"WXell, of all things." said th.e artist.
"Yes, when I was a small tad I used
to drive about the city a good deal
with my father, who was a physician.
I used to love to follow the sign
boards, especially the illustrated ones.
By studying them closely I learned
my letters and would spell out the
"One evening father said Bob must
begin to think about going to school.
I said: 'Why. father-, why should I
go to school? I can read.' I ran
and got a newspaper and read one of
the long stories before receiving any
comments. Of course my pronuncia
tion would never hav'e won me a
blue ribbon in a reading match; in
fact, I guess, fromi all I can learn
since, it was pretty awful. But I could
read, and that's why I say I got my
first start in education from the bill
b o a rd s .''" _________________________________________________
Pleased the Newspaper Men.
Mr. Bonaparte was explaining that
he had two good reasons whly lhe could
not give his caller the information
te had asked for. "One is that I have
not yet got the information myself,"
he said in his characteristic way,
"and the other way Is that when I
do get it I will try to keep it away
from the eagles of the press." "' Eagles
of the press '-4hat's very handsome
of you, Mr. bonaparte," said his call
er, who was a newspaper man. "There
are those who have another name,"
said the a.ttor'ney general. "'Vultures,'
I thinik I have heard them say. But
my expeience with the newapaper
men haa always be of the pleasant
est kind, agd I prefer to think of them
as aarlas. not vul1ture."
44tuld become Mrs. sym.
"Indeed, I do, Miss Flypp." assev-r
ated the young man. "I say it again
you are the best girl in the world."
"And the loveliest, I think you
"The loveliest, without doubt."
"I think you said something about
my accomplishments, tou?"
"I did. I said they excelled those
of any other girl."
"I believe you called me sweet?"
"'A sweeter woman ne'er drew
breath,'" quoted the ardent lover.
"You used the word 'perfect,' too,
did you not?"
"I did. I also pronounce you the
pink of perfection, propriety and
modesty, the empress of my heart,
the peerless one among the beauteous
creatures of your sex, a maiden ador
able, enchanting and worthy of the
hand of the best man on earth. Say
the word that will make me the happi.
Bst man, my own Dora!"
"Before I give you an answer, Mr.
Spooner, I should like to ask you one
"A dozen if you like."
"One will be enough. Don't yo.u
think you have -a good deal of assur
ance to expect a woman with all those
excellent qualities to marry you?"
Then Mr. Spooner went home.
FORGOT AN IMPORTANT POINT.
Boston Carpenter Overlooked Davy
Crockett's Immortal Advice.
Apropos of the fat man who built
his wife a table in the cellar too big
to go through the door, a reader de
clares that he knows of a man who
did very much the same trick. The
man in question, a Boston carpenter,
was having a dull season, and as
spring was coming on he decided to
build himself a boat for use in his
toric Boston bay. After due considera
tion the carpenter decided to use his
own cellar as a workshop, as he had
plenty of room and all materials were
handy. He did not once think of get
ting the boat out until after weeks of
hard work he had finished a fine 18
toot vessel. Of course it would not
go through a mere door, and as there
was no double door entrance the car
penter was up against it. He was de
termined to have his boat, though,
%nd le tore out the entire end of his
house to get it out of his cellar. He
got his boat, and also had more hard
work to do in his dull season, for it
was several weeks before he finished
repairing the house.
A New York youngster was caught
literally wiping up the street with
Mother boy with whom he was sup
posed to be on especially friendly
:erms. The detector of his pugilistic
ancounter was his mother, who, after
she had yanked him'into the house,
proceeded to deliver a lecture on the
sin of fighting. The boy listened for
m while in silence.
"That's all right," lhe broke out at
ast in uncontrollable indignation. "It's
il right for you to talk, but if you
ust knew what he said about you-"
The pause was significant. The
nother took alarm.
"Arbout me?" she said. "Why, what
n earth did he say about me?"
"He said," blubbered the small boy
n impotent wrath, "that you-wear
When Learning Is Jocular.
The Y&le students' attitude toward
the faculty, though jocular, is not an
tagonistic, and as a rule the Record
laughs with the professor at his un
fortunate pupil, as instance:
Dycut Funker-But I do not think I
deserve an absolute zero.
Professor--Neither do I, but that is
the lowest mark I am allowed to give.
Among the stage settings of the
campus the lunch-rooms, called "dog
wagons," because of their renmarkable
output of bologna sandwiches, or "hot
dogs," are wvell p)atr-onized and con
tribute their share of fun.
"Shay, Jack, comze on over and have
"Nop, I just had a rabbit."
"Well, shen, come on over and have
a dog for a chaser."-The Itohemian.
Too Much Idealiz3d.
"He was at one time the leading
photographer, wasn't he?"
"Yes. But after lBella's experience
his business dropped off."
"Tell me about it."
"Bella had some~ pictures taken
there and they certainly were swell.
A multimillionaire from Pittsburg saw
one in the showcase andl ft-Il in love
at first sight."
"With Bella's picture. Of course, he
was wild to be introduced. Then he
saw the actual Bella."
"And then he took the first train
back to Pittsburg."
A Poor Scholar.
The other day a professor leaving
the university was approached by a
seedy individual, who pjathetically
"Won't you help a poor scholar with
The coin bestowed, the learned
"You tell me you are a poor
"Sure," answered the other. "I
never went to school in me life, So
0 and China
0 plorable Results - Bis.
Brent's Work. -: -
T HIE recent passage by congress
of a bill prohibiting the in
portation of opium into the
United States, except for me
dicinal purposes, and the anli-opium
conference held during February in
Shanghai, China, form two -notable
events in the worldwide crusadel
against the opium evil.
The history of the opium evil Is an
:stonishing one. Some striking facts
under this head have been gathered
by the international reform bureau in
cofinection with the conference at
Shanghai. This bureau has hid a
strong hand in carryling forwa-d the
nant pium crusade. At its head is the
Rev. Wilbur F. Crafts, Ph. D., and
the secretary for China, Rev. E. W.
Thwing, has greatly aided Pre.ident
Crafts in the work of the bureau In
the movement against opium.
Opium eating prevailed in India as
far back as the seventeenth century,
before British occupation, and this
habit of the native troops conduced to
their easy conquest by the British.
British traders and oficials aided In
introducing opium into China, where
it had previously been used but little
and generally as a medicine. The evil
hd Zrown bAg enough by 1729 for the
Chinese government, in alarm at the
deinoralization of its subjects, to issue
a decree against both the selling and
the sinuking of opium. but so great
was the fear of the white man's gun
boats that smuggling went on almost
unehi(Cked until a new and more se
vere devree was issued in 1840 and
committed to the hand of a poet of the'
Li family for enforcement. With
sonmethin.; of - :- 'n71" he
gave an Improved rendition of the
Boston tea party by seizing $7.000.000
sia es m m
BROKEN OPIUTM TRAYS OF FORMIER VICTIMS
OF HiABIT-BURNING OPIUM PIPES.
worth of opium, throwing it into
trenehe&s and then letting the salt sea
w:ves in upon It to utterly destroy It,
whereuponi the British ships came to
the defense of the beaten smugglers
iad oni various trumped up) charges
made war on the Chinese.
In 1842, when many towns had been
devastated. China was compelled to
nmKe peace and to pay the British for
the destroyed opium and their war
expenses. But even in abject defeat
ie inoble ChInese emperor persistently
declared In spite of strong financial
temptation to the contrary, "I will not
license what represents the vice and
riisfortune of my subjects." However,
lie was not able to resist the smug
gling thant went on increasingly until
it beenmen the chief cause of a second
opi war In 1858, in which France
andu England united. China was speed
ily enquered, but it was not until the
rhlust of a third opium war in 1861 that
helpless China relue tantly consented
to allow the importation of opium at
several p.orts and to fix a certain tax
er iirense upon it, which. was not to
Oe inc"reased or changed, nor was!
op1ium to. be excluded except by cor.
sent of the British government.
Thiis forcing of opium upon China
was n(.t by any means approved by alL
the* British people, and in 1874 the
British A uti-opium society was estab
lished r,nder the presidency of the Earl
of Shaf'esbiury. It has persistently la
b)ored sincie theni to constrain the gov
ernment to release China from this
treaty complhUsioni to tolerate an evil
traffie which It had always plrohibited
when free to do so.
The' first officiail encouragement Be
cured by the British anti-opium agita
tion was a resolution In 1891 by parlia
ment that "the Indo-Chinese opium
traffile ii morally indefensible."
The~ next encouragement came from
the aVtioni of progressive New Zealand
in prohibitin-I the importation of
opium in 1901. Australia followed
with a ulmilare Inw in 104t and sortly
Canada was swept into tr- -
wave. But in the meantimLe a
er impulse came from a great Ai
can victory In the Philippines, whi
was still more Influential, as subse
quent events show, upbn the British
government. In 1903, when an opium
monopoly had been agreed upon In
BISHOP CHARLES H. BRENT.
a second reading of the Philippine
American government, Philippine mis
sionaries appealed to the internation
al reform bureau, as the only Amerl
can society that had given special
study to this subject and also wits
equipped with the means of arousing
the people, to save them from this
oplm monopoly by an appeal to the
public to petition le 1'ir- nt tol
overrule the act of his subordinates.
He .was influenced to order the war!
department to reverse itself and cable
the Philippine government, "Hold
opium monopoly bill; further investi-.
gation; many protests." . This was on
June 4, 1903.
In consequence of the veto of the
opium monopoly the Philippine gov
ernment sent out an opium committee
to investigate the opium tratie all
through the orient. This committee
included, as chairman, Major Carter,
the health commissioner of the Is.
lands, with whom were associated
Bishop C. H. Brent and Dr. Jose Al
bert, a prominent Philippine physi
clan. The commission visited Japan,
Formosa, China. Hongkong. the Straits
Settlements, Burma and Java and
made an elaborate and very valuable
report, which has been of great use In
the crusade. The main point in the
report wras that wherever an attempt
was made to make revenue out of
opium there was no real restraint.
The only effective law was that of
Japan, in which revenue was entirely
eliminated. Opium prohibition was
not enacted for the P)hilippines5 until
1905, in connection with the taritY bill,
into which it was projected through
the efforts of the reform agency pre
Recently the British parliament has
taken steps looking to the suppression
of the Indo-Chinese opium trade. This
encouraged the Chinese government
to issue edicts ordering the closing of
the opium dens in six months and the
discontinuance of the opium habIt in
that or a shorter period by all offcials.
and other provisions of the edi r''vo
vided for the gradual reduction or -
poppy cultivation with a view to total
discontinuance of opium farming ex:
eept for medicinal purposes.
In 1908 the national feeling a:ainst
opium had reached such a p~oint in
China that the burning of opium pipes
3EV. DR. WILBUR F. OBAFT'S.
became a national passion, in which
great multitudes participaied with the
jubilation of a triumphal procession.
The climax of the anti..opium wave
was the act of President Roosevelt. at
the suggestion of Bishop Brent. in call- --..
jug the Shanghai conference of twelve
nations in order to help China and the
Philippines to c'ompilete success in
their opium l-roposals and at the same
time to dle:al such blows as might be
possible to the opium traffic in these
nat ions themselves and in the world
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