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TiE PICKENS SENTINEIL4URNAL
Enltered April 23, 1903 at Pikeni, S. C. as secoud elass Matter4 und*raet of Congress of March 3,1879
39th iecur PICKENS. S. C., SEPTEMBER 23, 1909. Number 18
Dr. Cook ald Is
How His New T!wory [or PenctratTna
Frozen Noth Won iim Immr.
tal Fame - N:ilio.naire
Bradley His Backer.
By FREDLRICK 1. TUOMB1S.
W IHEN tho h-il; nows was
1,1: she idin,!erna t!i the
.: . t conti
nv ts w th,b that r.
Frederick .. -: At( ! : : h:,d
die Iee he :o m. te
(1ti n of V : e ti:* e C
nCIl e ee t f ::I.-I :!,- l-'. )r
sei d er d-',:'I .In Ixp;orers
self salcr1 : n.: wi" i :s and steely
nerlVed i*!e ur-r o a dozeni na:
-tionls ha:vo !m !-I"e-W sa ainst
the n l,r : : f he frozen
north inl atte:,:,s di Ver'hw pole.
Dec.Ide Lnter 1k,: n esult
failure-.1:1.- n h : r. ward for
the I.-Irdy voV. erw d. :: le
the .xploits !:e I::m I -h.ardy
nlicanie. It is of death, of
blig t- homs - C
sea rch for t'i yIh ben: yr ti en.
And it re:::: e tI i1
tihe yearl a i 0:o
b.eon:e to e -"
h!e. tO nrlm !an I W
!n:nortal f:a 'e by : i -tu l : it
in: tIh 'o: (*oI 0.M(:heJ
.And alo be:i ego.ad n-1" !
Arin acca t of ti Trip.
a(1'listory :;' h.. .: n hoetii>
ile i t I ' g i- -
Svr ::ort , I r. -
lat rs - a r n.a
las hu:gn fi:'1::d 1 <;i.i d u tin
pa s wity h IsI'.' Coo. wa: con ien
.thatl'en.i y con: bebIte hepoe
the duesion. *o- '.:7 T: ver man,r
thouh ii:r hy-hL:r ntobe
An'trd ook mae 1oo.
An 7leAccount' of.( thI rp
During the euAr; pat ofDr oo'
trip ntr e ukonsheete0
imfser cr . h e\ 12( -:'1' en!
heri~:ds '.; i::In:o :l' N
)t1e, I\s v en a I deenre:t
wer :n. prime cC: Febr
0:ry . ::.rm lie they bvrp!
gn bC:ortu7us tr'eIt v t'. e in st r
paued.o trl ee sen.n ivn they
-o ro iio swa r.d , .ns
preparel our expedition Tery quietly
and got in on the ground loor."
On his return to North Sydney from
Etab on hig yacht Mr. Bradley stated
the situation, tho chances and the
plans of Cook as follows:
"From the po(:ar son tihere will bv
only two sturdy Eskiinos and their
dogs to go with (ook. From Ele
mere Land three families of huskies
will go with the party, establishing
three stations alon the route. Tihe
Idea of taking iimore on the jaunt
lieross tile ice fields doe;'s not Ineet
with our i approva 1,(Ir iarious reasos.
"The uparty will leave 71) inrth lati
tide i Silth's silll and] fri)mn there
will cross Ellesinere Ia nd aniid try to
rv:weh tho pile by ilhe Imiri:- This
Means a jolrney. lf over GYn iniles,
but for va rions reasns. which I dt
111ti enre tol s:lak :i -n at ['s- .
feel convintie lr. Cook vill !and t lie
".Unlike le l'enry expedition. Dr.
Cook hasi taken iny t% w) sl-ds. each
bullt with ro f!s. cnnh,!i.z the party
to1 sleep Inl (holm whilt. pinshinig f*4r
:idro. The slds req euippvd ithi
1h1m11 st4)v(e- and( (0otlr ointrivancves.
jTwo enllvas bwats alsi forl"I a part of
the ouli. itese will bie 1Used in crOss
Ing Ildl tereby s:,vin:g N:111uable
tilie and ctlting shlrt the imirlvy.
ID. C1 k won cecolipaniied Pea o il a
poelmi- trip. 1.Il a- Spent ennl
Sidlerabple [time inl m1aking prepa ra tionls
for the present expedition and gNs
with every knlwn eliient if help."
The last wortd receivedI froi Dr.
Cook after the yacht Bra:ley*'s d
partulre was danTedll 'l sca. Marcb
17." and reaclel Alinottld F." specil
Eskiio imessei--r. Tli essae seni
to I1udolph ir:nlke. 0n' of the origin:al
party, who h:u returntd to Annootok
for suppliks. was as follows:
"I'll Make Desperate Attempt."
To the pres'nt we !iave !leen nothinf: of
Croker l.antd. a:fl I a:n tai::mL: a strahb:
course for the pole. T1.' 1.. are oloint
well. aund I have l .of d;:s I
to succe-d. A, .:ny ra:e, I v-ill i aie :
VIle I expoect to u:t ck to yoa by
the end of 'May. still I w%isih y i to be
ready to go lu Aepo:.:e. thp wland ol
North Star. w%;er tt WhlW:-s .te:aners
come., by the ~Lth of J::e. and if I uirn no:
back go h %v: ith1 t!.f. wanerr.
Gather ali the b!e lWx t.aus you can
These muso'. Be our moin"i on the remuir
trip. It you can gm a few rears!<m.
take them; also narwhal anid w:wru
tusks, but do ,.ot give tou niuch for t.:e:;
This Awful Cold and Wind."
I have regretteil n::"y times that yo
are not witi us. but ::t th,! r:wilment 11
spen ed best to use:d y.v n bi:. ai.. i: t!e
whole. you will he of i;: : :;: :.0 tc
rie at the hou1e. to L.uurI aint care to: our
things. ha:: !:- in tin Ve nd in th:S :wfui
col and wa!.. I I:ust you a:2 oh the
So goi-diy. and nww for the p,,le! Yours
cordially. FI DIiGCK A. COOK1.
Such wr1o the !Ist words lo 1 "the
clutside" tif the slout hoarted.1 g:imbler
with tinextr:ibple fate who vt rmiing
r)() ebairl-s to I that he w(iud 1:13y his
bones ligside those who had golle
boihre in soelil da rksmIec. greeln ited
le,1ar1u G-: llilse fromn re' -uie.
Afier nv:ily twu pears e silence.
durinv; which only wl :essage from
hin was reveive. the relie! hip jet
nle was st 11arted niwar, and it was
expetcted that thle vessel wvould reach
Etah ('arny ini this mnoth. His plan
as agreed on was to' putsh oIn to lie
niorthiern point of Granat Land1 anld
froin thete start his dashi fir the pile
in the winIer of 1Pa3, timlinlg imself
so as to rietlrln to his heaidqut:ers at1
Atmooto01k not later than September.
Dr. Cook's New Theory.
Ir Cook Uiin tteinded !i iut a nlewi the
nthiIs trill lit l::ttelal'dto tic m :'e his
advancin sut h at-i: way tImt hisi tip
aniss thle lce would fuP ll uin-:' ihi
witer' liolths. Tis see:ns :a sirngei
timie in whli-li to rih thin lode: liut
radieai as laymen may consier it. Pi
hots and1( txplorers whot~ have 'pr-at win
ters in t he nhI believed thaI it inight
lead to su' cerSs. U salnly ex ploreros havye
done f'la-her t ravelitnz durn.:the I stun51l
have 1 1( oe it lIer~ P'l qutrs hi
ga:ve tem a ebhatie to re''uperma:te iltr
ig thle ((oId weither' for tile hard1t work
a head wheni lhe taovinmice had( 01pened'!
wate'r to gIive them a c han'ce to use
boats. D r. Cook nt it rely i;:nore'd the
old ctomstll. He statrted 0on a journefly
the exact anltithe'sis of any heretofore
Cok His Career.
Dr. Coo was surgeon amid ethnolo
gist to the tirst Pecary expeditioni ill
1591 and 1S92. comanlder' of the ex
pedi tionl on1t hie Zti,I ai yaiiht. 15:; or'
gaizYer : ad coniunandliter 0f the expeodi
tio d on ' the Miran. ta,i sht:lnshi1p. in
18041; surgon:i a n tttoplioist on
the Belan anltarctie: expecditionl of
1897-!) nnd surgeon to the Peary autx
liry expedition nl the Eikt. a steamIi
ship, 1001l. Hie elimbhed Moult Mc li
ley Sept. 1 i, 1JUti, afteor ha ir ra isinig
escapesI' from deth i andt aflter severiet
expIosur'e to thle elemntsii1. l'rotes'sor
IH. C. Paiirker of'(0111 C lmi un111iversity.
palty, aftter'w::rd diispurn tced Cookt'5
feat and enartgitd ini ai luttir iontro
really reach('d the sunuitt of the iOl2
at Callicoonl Depot. SIi;iani e1"i"t
N. Y., ou Jhune 1i. 1515. II e is the sill
of Dr. '1-.Theodre Allbert C< kt. HIe re
ceived his elemlenita ry elduent ion in
Brooklyni : ad wias t add a! I dLegree
of M. D. tit the Uldvvlrsity of New
York Ia 1 Stil.
On Junie 10?. 19o2, lie ta r Mis
Mary Fidt'll 11utnt. He' lias' bet'n dci
rated withI the (Oer if L 1l"0- Be
giuml; goltd ltiwdtl "i 111 .iv.
gum; silver1 meiidal. 1:yeai ~t.i c
'ty, Beallum. anld V :s :i:cl; a t -
the Amier'ic-tIu Nati' ini :i l 10
phciia G eog r:'ihicalI SIcietIcs andii t
Kinigs County Medical socity.
D)r. Cook is presidenit of the Explor
-es lu of New York.
SOME OF THE CREDIT
GOES TO THE ESkIMO
Wi.thout Him Pole Hunting Would
Be Very Difficult.
HARD WORKER, BUT DIRTY.
Plenty of Water Around His Land, but
None of It Ever Touches Him-Arctic
Air Keeps Northern Men In Good
In spite of their di[,*erences regard
Ing the discovery of the north pole and
other matters. in one thi*ng Commander
Peary and Dr. Cook are in thorough
agreement. With the other men who
have sought "farthest north" records
they declare that expeditions to or to
ward the pole would be almost if not
quite impossible without the aid of the
Eskimos. Almost all of the long line
of arctic explorers have fully acknowl
edged their indebtedness to the men
of the north for their familiarity with
arctic conditions and their willingness
to work as sledge drivers and burden
The only true Eskimos on this con
tinent live on the west coast of Green
land from Upernavik to Etah. in the
heart of the arctic. less than 700 inile
from the pole, where so many fearless
explorers have spent their long. dark
winter night before the tinal dash on
foot and sledges over ice and hum
mocks of ice.
With all their virtues of industry,
honesty. peaceableness and docility
the Eskimos are the fllthiest people in
the world. They never wash. not even
fav and hands. The smell of their
fur clothing aid secretions from the
skin causes an odor about their per
sons. and espeeially In their Igloos and
tents. that is unbearable to tenderfeet.
j.iving in huis of stone or ice in
winter. in sealskin tents in summer.
Eskimios never marry in the sense we
u:s.- this word, but mate like animals.
Swali n. 1of mates for an ludelinile
time is connon. Eskimos are the
mnost widely scattered people on the
ge!. dwelling together in small
bands. without central authority or
"overnment. There are less than 40.
000 Eskimos all told.
Safe From Many Diseases.
Eskimos live almost entirely on raw
animal food. and this explains the
a bsence or a number of (iseases which
are coimion to civilization. Seurvy. so
comron anId deadly among early polar
explorers. is totally unknown amron.ng
Eskimos who eat raw ment. This raw
fo:d also explains the abhsence or en
langed tonsils. glands and goitre. Their
perfect. splendid teeth and strong low
er jaws mark then completely carniv
ornus. The exclusion of vegetable foed
has shortened their intestine. and in
digestion is unknown. One woul1d
suppose their pure flesh diet would
cause biliousness, etc.. but the hirige
peircentage of oil ini thieir food acts as
a genitle laxative nrd protects them
against all harmn. TJhe Eskimo eats
with relish l rotten blubber that
would stagger :a buzzard.
Consumtpt ion is un1k nown among the
Eskimos ini the north, nier is there any
skini or bonie formt oIf tuberculosis. bt
when broughit to thle Utnited ta tes
they cotraict c'onsumplltiti inl mtost vir
u!enit form. Of six brought to New
York all contracted the disease in less
than six months. One who returned
to his airct Ic home made a qiuick cure.
it is wvell known that the long arctie
winlter, with Its depressing effects oii
body and mind, often upsets the best
bahined nervous system,. even of the
untives. But this hysteria vanishes
withb t he summer. Explorers have suf
fered in the same way, and two have
comtmitted suicile. in suimmer Eski
mos get so full blooded that nose
leedin]g is very common.
Al! degenerative diseases that cause
so mucli suffering and death in civi1li
zation are absent from tihe Eskimos.
'The pure, sterile arctic air contains no
germs. htut the natives invariably take
a band "ship cold" whetn they go aboard
whlite men's ships. Nature acts the
good sanitar'iani in the far north and
shuts the door against all disease
ge'rms. The use of remedies either in
side or out is unknown. Wounds heal
up at once without mattering. All tu
mors, warts and cancers are unknown,
Walrus Hunting Is Perilous.
Thle large number of children and
lusty young widows shows the dangers
of walrus hunting. The kayak, in
wichl the hunting is done, Is a very
frail craft. The Eskimo can't swim.
Tihe wvountded walirus tears or sinks
the little skin canoe, and widow, chil
dren atnd relatives become co-mmont
At a distance it is difficult to distin
guishl an Eskimo man from his mate,
as t he sexes dress simiilarly. The out
cr clothigg 'onIsists of trousers and :
coat titting c'lose to the body and cov'
eraig the head by a prolongation 01
tile coat, like a hood. The clothing i~
tmade of the skins of seals, land ani
mails and birds. Sotme of tihe southerr:
Eskimos have been Chiristiaized. anW
their mode (if life has5 been birouighi
somiewhlat into conformity withI civi
lized ideas. The great majority of
them. however, believ'e in a c.-ude forn
(f nature worship and hero veneration
First Case of September Strawberries
r1Te first Sep'tember strawherriet
cever heard of in New Jersey werm
I!acedl on sale inl Relvidere. N. J1., a
f:inety prices. They came frotm thn
fartm of David Miiller. just aeross thi
river in Pennisylvanin. He has beet
experimenting with late berries nn
(eclares that they are Just as good n:
Irip to the Pole
Secrecy Surrounded [xpedition So
as to Thwart His Rival, Peary.
He Has Been a Lifelong
had succumbed to the strangling grip
Df the abysmal horrors of the region.
And it was in April that the orbit of
the midnight sun carried its brilliant
occupant over the horizon. The glitter
on the green-white p:ack ice and the
purple inged bergs was a stimulant to
.he nerve worn invaders of the grim
sileice. The dogs beg'iI to sicken.
Those that dropped dead in the stiff
ened harness were eagerly devoured
by their mates. Thus the team of
huskies beenme self supporting.
A temperature of mori a1ii 45 de
grees below zero prevailed in spite of
the rays of the n1didi.:ht sui. The
day Came wheni but 1oU miles of lve
P:Ick lay be; ween Dr. Cook and the
Uorth pole-n on. around. up. dowl.
b:w-k gnd agaiin on. circumvenitg the
shiftlig Orriers. outwitting the frozen
F BROOKLY.N . WHO DISCOV
seas. The ie hardened as he got ta
within fifty mile's of the pole. The a!
prevailhing silence and samoness wer.
telling heav'ily on the temnlpirs of tia
men. The EskImos quarreled an.
thlrea tened to knrife one a not her. The
pall of the hidden pole. jealotus of theii
discovery of its long retreat,I was work
ing on the braiins of its pursuers.
At this time but Iwo Eskimos accom
On A pril 21 observations showed Dr
Cook that be wais within a few hun
dred feet ot the pole. A few seCondii
more and he stocod upon it,- t he god l i
scores (at the world's branvest ment
and. planrinag the American iing. hi
clatimedl for the United States OVE'
80.000 square miles of territory:
80.(0)0 mile section of nature's sera
News Came From Copenhagen.
The first news of Dr. Cock's discav
ery to reach A merica camein from t ha
c-olonial office at Copienhagen, stain--ii
thait with a few Eskimos. a siedgina:
parrty. Dr. Cook reac'hed tihe p)ole o:
A pril 21. 1908.
The ('openhtanen authorities h1(1ad'
and their in formation in a dispat'
from Lerwick. Scotland. which also re
latead t ha:t Dr. Cook was returning from.
the plar' seas on the steamship Hans
Egede. bound for Denmark.
I)r. Cook, who was surgeon of the
first Pearyv arctic expedition and who
Is a monin e i ilber of wide expo
riece. 4di.emb arked from the au xii
inlry schoonrer yac'ht John R. Bradhe:
oni A uz. 27 with hIIis supapl ies at EtahI
-on Smith's souind. latitude 79 degrees
maorthI amnd aout 730 miles from the
polhe. Sinit h's sounda is att the north
ern extremity of flallin b:my. His idea:
was to w\inrter somewhere in this geln
er:;I! sect ion tad ea rly in the spring
croass E!!esamere Land :rnd push onward
ad inorthwavrd to the pole across the
de'so1::te polar sea. whenee few men
evert "-turneda to tell the tatle.
P:' isionais. clothiun. : and ammifunitionl
su r:a,: i far tvo yeai's werec taken
a::sho r' fra:n the Uradl(ey'. The adven
I ui?er's party coansisted of one at her
whhe a moant i tanaout at dozen Eski
imos. M rs. C'aaok. t he exp)lorer's wife.
ae(oa')ni ed himr as far as Etab.
A Secret Expedition.
Th',e Coaok exhaeaitioni was largely' a
burnding d'esire to Iav e Dri. Cook out
stripa I'eari- to thea pole. insisted that
ano1 (-lan:-e should Ie taiikeni of letting
P'eiry ::et wind of thre venture. In
his opainioan. P ear'y, whoi was alIready
withbin striikim:z distance of Etah.
waauld h:asteia his own' -aperations if he
hied o f Ca k's p.hm<a~ :n11~ : oa!y
sea' ! hea'a.n::ble dl::s tat Et:ah,
so ':K<. -.m: he~ unabale to starrt
ve ::: i' a his sled::es. "F"or
tb.ro Sc i-as'" "ars \tr. rltaleyt '"e
Over Discovery of North
Pole Will Probably Con
tinue For Years-Await
Cook?s Book ;
By FRLDERICX R. TOOMBS.
, MALL, woNd1er thIt the discovery
of the lio I poli shinI 1 have
precipitat ed a war :n : -
ma:iPmialers 'f- th ii' :: :,:.h
sensnional circumstances :n
revealing of the exploits of tile C..:
and the Peary ex' peditn :s m.1e eer
tain a long series of dispute --
ences of opinion, rival claims a::l i
Each ianl's iMIn1nnIneilt 1!:. I!
reached the pole imust in the i
Subseqiuent events he neeptd at
until proved false. One hing s s
certain-that the arrival in the 1ni.(
States of both Intrepid conquero..; 1r
the arctic drift will not bring a <;iek
solution of the intricate points iv
ed, nor will it end the controversy h
is spreading and flaming like a 1rnirle
fire. Their arrival on these s,res
will, on the contrary. fan the sparks
still higher. and no min can foresee
what the ultimate outcon wli )e.
Peary is expected in New Yirk in a
few days, and Dr. Cook annoiunces
th.t he will arrive there ahout Sept. ',:.
That the discussion as to who really
discovered the pole will exten over a
number of years appears cert.in. Dr.
Cook states that the iost convinein-z
proof of his claims will not he given
ou .uti.hsne.b ok...:.. nda
few until his tause but th.... -
tino reul sthe )ientt~ by itn' a
agency,. wih ksalithart <" II a
Pearys Claim Tht hewa 1:1 Fl t
gavestil other r ma'ttie tur:..t.. th.
csiaio, and ith iny uprrso
idction of tteirness of r. .,
ageny, which the1(doctr si. I :
gdtoaofPearyclie :'s' suc. If h
saysI he reache the p'>le I kuI hI Ct. I
situation., agn til the~ dispat -b se
fr.okGexena d tated th tt ook
etsec:l acton Peay lad fo hei
thas hag a s cac tollows: a(ltal
recnt out hmy hvin tien Asom asil
toeary'dfo eand dot atfe Etnh.:Ths
poiertandinthe desr~e no: t r.trovter
sy.Iaime sa in which tim, any su:ch:l
assertion 'N.'Cmadr ofIers e ar ifI
say frie rofhe tmine." k. e t
pters nteUid ttsnYe
gard is list turn has Dr.I Cook
siuatinds ain,thbynavy dpartn
have tod by very owr e h~s rasent
pthuslifr dar n fondeavrint
thin- chare nnhias foows: nosii
The Commander Is a
Man of Wealth.-- Owns
Sixteen Islands on Maine
Coast - Mrs. Peary's
Record Trip >
Ity of Dr. Cook's assertions. This at
titude is probably a natural one, owing
to the fact that Peary is a popular
iavy man and one who has spent
lhra ble time in cultivating friend
a:s in o,'l!ial circles in Washington.
In European circles, however. Dr.
Cook is credited as much as Peary,
a,.6 in Denmiarl: his story is accepted
s :Qsolutely true by the leading geo
r: a authoritles. The fact that
thi Ttoyal Geographical society of Den
rirk presented hini with a gold medal
aLd tlhat the council of the University
nf Copenlagen by a vote of 10 to I
ro-tved to confer on Cook the degree
of loctor of philosophy (honoris causa)
i.s an indication of the force with
wiCh his story impressed the hard
.odd. unexcitable experts of the
Danish nation. It Is probable that the
:I n- are better qualified to judge the
i:s or demerits of a north pole dis
covery story than any other nation.
That vital differences as to verneity
should arise between two world heroes
of the caliber of Cook and Peary is a
mnz;er of poignant regret. Both men
)re of spartan mold, fearless, deter
ilined, enduring and patriotic. Each
has perfornied a feat that will fix his
nam securely in the histor.y of his
countrY and his tine. Therefore If
Captain, C.TAasn he ofth
n::utcal dpartmnt ofthe asM
erlgia nsiue,dca hth
believs firly Peay.dupicatedCook'
muc moecovninio i ha'h
(<i:: .-matled Peryrla the fores -o
thwie t an Injusice of the smallhpro
ter~~n- lu:i onew. nolee
CaTant C.'br-le,iefyon of rtice
nuric:a epare o the D aniry 18e
afa ed.eutb followying the wernid
r;..ti fo the greate particf ight atur
(.uchdi rSui:dmus wh o comnedy
N::u hoai,the Fram C snyer that then
la. : e h:Guasreoree ofeay re
mu:; a ye con.cn wto both than tei
frt, :,ic he Far scin ek to douay
au . ::rul: sa helples cnippced
<b .;utc:: tha Cok ranhd thelasse,
Peo::a: Telns ofin Hripjets.lt
dcr:n into rae the ol-b
unot.: e ety oe aod myarets, unti
the f.:I theratys of u nuary,ih 1Sn
1:: 'ultte part C ofFerur thperymitd
ita he sgra. Latic dnwnt, a jour-e
ae in e uev nowrneso from rtadlve
toueihVt'ee - hours o e chbumin sarel
pound in;rove rh broener te ofb*n
A reds: c Thean mandmmlanse
tenperitd~rdiing that hiA'h was
58% degrees below zero. The temper
ature the day we reached the ship was
65 degrees below zero."
Mrs. Peary, who has all along insist
ed that her husband would reach the
pole, holds the record for the woman
who has lived farthest north. She
spent a year on the northern edge of
Greenland with the commander when
he made the first detailed explorations
The long winter night and the hard
ships Inevitable under the circum
stances produced no unfavorable ef
fects upon Mrs. Peary, wio battled
through the dreary season of darkness
with all the energy shown by the men
of the party. To her doubtless the
party owed much 'of the comparative
comfort which relleved the monotony
of the winter season. No white wo
man had been so far north by several
hundreds of miles as Mrs. Peary at
that time (1892). A Danish woman
lived for a long time at Tessulsak,
about forty miles above Upernavik.
This is hundreds of miles south of
the place where Mrs. Peary spent a
year. The Eskimo women were par
ticularly interested In the white wo
man who had come among them, and
Mrs. Peary wgis of much service to her
husband 'in the pursuit of his ethno
Laughs at Auto and Airship Plan.
The ex-1 - has never had any sym
pathy v. che various schemes ad
vanced to invade the Ice locked polar
regions with airships or automobiles.
When Dr. Cook proposed a few years
ago to dash for the south pole In an
auto Commander Peary scoffed at the
Idea. He said: "The roughness of the
ice would prevent any such plan from
working out successfully. Then, too,
the stretches of open water 6ould not
He also deprecated the Idea of going
to 'he north pole in an airship in the
U. .iowlng words:
"I don't feel like criticising those
who try the airship method of naviga
tion. I don't care for a balloon. Let
me put It in this way: I don't believe
that the airship in Its present state of
development can successfully combat
the conditions which will be met with
in an attempt to reach the pole. When
an airship has been constructed which
can navigate the air Independent of
storms and behave In the air as one of
the big liners does at sea in any kind
of weather, then It Is time enough to
talk about reaching the pole by means
of an airship, but not before. My er
periences have not impaired by belief
in my own method, which is In making
a dash over the ice by means of sleds."
"My Most Imp'rtant Work."
Commander Peary has long main
tained that the discovery of the pole
would not prove the most Important
result of arctic exploration. He states
his views on the subject In the follow
"The gain to the scientific world by
the results of my work In the arctic
regions Is of far more actual value
than the discovery of the north pole.
"The discovery of the north pole is
merely a more or less spectacular fact,
but still one that had to be tried again
and again until actually accomplished.
"I have traveled the most northerly
land on the globe. The departments
of science which will be benefited by
my sojourn In the north are geology,
meteorology, anthropology and natural
history. The full result of my labors,
especially in the field of meteorology,
cannot be fully ascertained until the
observations I have taken have been
worked out by scientists.
"Perhaps the most Important result
of my labor-I am not now speaking
from a scientific standpoint-is the
demonstrating most conclusively that
the right kind of a man can carry on
arctic exploration without great dan
ger or suffering exceptionial hardships.
In fact, he can work in the far north
as well as in his office in New York.
"In natural history the work I have
done, I am vain enough to think, is
great. No expeditions ever had the
opportunity that we had of studying
the musk ox. I have sent home at
different times very complete speci
mens of this animal, and I have also
sent a young walrus. So far as I
know, no other specimens of these ani
mals a'-e now living in captivity, and
scientists have unexcel led opportunity
to study them when alive.
Commander Peary is widely report
ed to be a poor man, one who has been
Impoverished by his arctic trips. Such
Is not the case, however. .Three years
ago he purchased a total of sixteen
Islands along the Maine coast-'north of
Portland, which are held at high prices
owing to the demand for exclusive
sites for cottages along the cost. Sev
eral of the Islands are in Casco bay.
Eagle island, which he owns, has for
several years been Commander Peary's
stronghhold, his fortress, where he
could retire at will safe fronu the at
tacks of interviewers and photogra
phers. It is an outside island about
fifteen miles from Portland, partly
wooded, partly open, with vegetation
almost tropical In its density.
The commander also owns Basket
island, In Casco bay, an ideal seashore
resort. It is a small Island, probably
not more than a quarter of a mile long
and perhaps an eighth of a mile wide.
In fact, it Is an ideal location for a big
seashore hotel of the exclusive type,
and this, it is said, is just the use to
which Commander Peary 'c.Ill eventu
ally put it. He has purchased an island
off Freeport called "A Pound of Tea,"
and away down the middle bay, off
Freeport, Is Shelter island, twenty
miles from Portland and about the
same size as Basket. This Is one of
the explorer's purchases.
Within a radius of five miles fro
Eagle Island are Great Mri
Flag and Horse islani~, .
have been acquired 4* 5'.