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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1909-1911, October 28, 1909, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218673/1909-10-28/ed-1/seq-6/

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LABOR_IN 3 HT1
Uiion Denounces the
F=pY=nent of Childr:n.
TASS ATLANTA MINISTERS
.,joeu.Says Atlanta Preachers Fight
Vhiky But Are IadiffMerent About
Working in the Mills.
.Shington, D. C-Declaring that
i arly as he loved the south, he was
n#t'--*lfng to have her purchase com
rcal success at the sacrifice of
Lr Ittle children, F. C. Roberts, for
tu. rly a.Gecrglan, and chairman of a
agutte of the Central Labor Un
"o ts city, at the convention of
, jdlted Textile Workers of Amer
: stirred up much Indignation
-inst Dr. C.-A. Stiles of the United
Siues Public Health and Marine Hos
T; a!, Service, who was quoted before
Boothern Textile Association at
!teIgh by a speaker who was defend
i the employment of children in the
thern cotton mills.
Roberts declared his -surprise
t a public o2cer, paid from the
le revenue, should appear before
, 4nvention of employers of labor
udertake to defend the system
hfild labor in the southern states.
iadvocated action by the conven
in opposition to any attempt to
her extend and to perpetuate the
ent of child labor in southern cot
mills. Such employment, he said,
-ly tended to displace adults.
love the southland,"' said Mr.
erts, "and I would do almost any
41 g in my power to have the cotton
r the south manufactured in the
-hem states. But there are prices
:uld not pay for such a commer
victory. I wouls not give our
children as the price of success.
Ve know that the houses of these
le are unsanitary. The effort of
Dized labor is to make them more
tary. Here in the district of Co
)ia Is a daily occurrence to hear
e and black men and women ask
the judge, of the police court to
them to the workhouse because.
would be better off there than in
- own homes.
jomas Tracy, secretary of the
n Laba-l Department of the Amer
Federation of Labor, called at
on to an article appearining in an
ot magazine, which, he said,
d place Dr. tSiles in the position
witness against, himself in the
er of the employment -of child
n southern cotton mills.
that article, he said, Dr. Stiles
deprecated the employment of
.-en and stated there were 200,000
ren in the southern cotton mills,
that their lives weer slowly be
apped by the hook-work disease.
Ln L. Rodi3r of this city warned
ates from the New England
s that if they looked with indif
ce on the policy of working the
ren in the southern cotton mills
would soon face a mo,ement for
- epeal of child labor laws in Mas
isetts, Rhode Island and Connect
as the New England industry
I find it impossible to compete
ist such cheap labor.
find," said Mr. Rodler, "that men
advocate putting children In the
n mills of the south do not put
-own children there, but send
to school.
.Rodier told of his experience
.tlanta, Ga., during a campaign
ist the liquor traffic.
Inisters of the gospel and women
lown on their knees," he said,
* prayed to save big,; strong men
- the demon rum and against their
- ~vices, but these same ministers
women were indifferent when we
ipted to get legislation prevent
* the employment of children un
ten years of age.
.em the speaker had 'left the as
ly hall, his reference to the min
s and children brought Edwin
son of New Bedford, Conn., to
eet, declaring that a gratuitous
had been offered to the minis
sietary Albert Hibbert of Fall
-Mass., suggested that It was a
that ministers did not take the
Interest in prohibiting child la
hat they took in the liquor traf
WOMEN ALL,OWED TO VOTE.
rb of Richmond, Va., Extends
Suffrage to Women.
hmond, Va.-The people of Gin
'ark, the most fashionable and
wealthiest suburb of Richmond,
formally extended the suffrage
men.
a governing body of the subur-b
- .ed a constitution and by-laws,
provision of which is that "all
.and females, white and over
-ars of age, owning property and
<In Ginter Park, shall vote.
100 FOUND IN MIL
dressed Envelope Containing
ney In the Dead Letter Office.
shintgon, D. C.-Somebody is
ust $100 because of carelessness
irwarding money through the
.The division of dead letters of
~ostofBece department received.-an
se, unsealed and unaddressed,
ining an amount of,currency ag
ting about $100.
Senvelope was deposited in a
letter box in a town in New
s tate.
? inquiry will be continued for
time and if the identity of the
* r of the money is not disclosed,
onney will be turned into the
'd States treasury.
DIVINE HEALER DEAD.
.es M. Schiatter Was Unable Tc
Cure Himself.
-stings, Neb.-Charles M1. Schlat
who claimed to cure ils by di
power, was found dead in a
* at a local hotel. Hei was penni.
- and unless relatives or friends
ithe body it will be turned over
medical college. Schiatter was
~y known, having thousands of
* paper clippings discribing his
- various American cities. He died
I age.
IOUSENAIDS ARE SUIRE.
igo Professor Says Servanta
Rule the House.
cago, lL-American families are
-the subjection of the maid of
ork, according to Dean Sophonis
* reckinridge, of the University of
~go, In a lecture at the univer
The hand that dusts the furni
* s the hand that rules the house,
r'~eckinridge believes.
-s e modern houseirife empYoy!
SSaid more for the purpose of
The aining a respectable appearance
S C for service," she said.,
NOITH EXCEEDS IN CHILD LABOR.
More Children Employed in Massachu
sette Than Any State Excpt N. C.
Washington, D. C.-Harsh criticism
of leg.1ative bodies was made at the
convention of the United Textile
wo:kers uf America, when the ques
tion of ebtaining shorter working
hours came up. Some of the delegates
declared that an eight-hour day could
be obtained only through the medium
of strikes.
Delegate Morgan of Patterson, N.
J., said that- members of the legisla
ture of his state were elected by cor
rupt methods, and once in office, paid
no heed to the appeals of laboring
men.
Lelegate Hall of Philadelphia took
the position that all polit-lal parties
were merely capitalistic organs. He
advocated the formation of a work
ingmen's party. In this he was op
p:sed by Delegate Thomas McMahon
of Rhode Island, who insisted that la
I boring men in his state sell their
votes themselves. This practice must
be broken up, he contended, before
the legislatures were reformed.
He said that while a great furore
wa3 now being raised to abolish child
labor in the south, there were more
children employed in Massachusetts
than any state of the south, with the
exception of North Carolina.
U. 0. C. ELECT OFFICERS.
Little Rock Gets Next Meeting of the
Confederate Daughters.
Houston, Texas.-With the selec
tion of Little Rock, Ark., as t e con
vention city in 1910 and the !ection
of the general officers for the year,
the sixteenth annual convention of
the United Daughters of the Confed
eracy adjourned sine die closing the
-ession? in Houston an hour before
midnight. The following general of
ficers were elected:
President general. Mrs. Virginia
McSherry of West Virginia; first vice
president general, Mrs. L. C. Hall of
Arkansas; second vice president gen
eral, Mrs. M. E. Bryan of Texas;
third vice president general, Mrs.
Thomas T. Stevens of Georgia; re
cording secretary general, Mrs. A. L.
Dowdell of Alabama; corresponding
secretary general, Miss Childress of
Louisiana; treasurer general, Mrs. C.
B. Tate of Virginia: registrar general,
Mrs. James B. Gantt of Missouri; his
torian general, Mrs. J. Endois Robin
son of Virginia; custodian of cross of
honor, Mrs. L. H. Raines of Georgia;
custodian of flag, Mrs. F. A. Walk of
Virginia.
Honorary presidents, Mrs. J. W.
Tench of Florida, and Mrs. N. D.
Randolph of Virginia.
The Shiloh Monument Association
committee's report was read by Mrs.
White of Tennessee, which shogd
that over $20,000 has been donated
last year.
FARMER'S FORTUNATE WIFE.
Woman is Left $4,000,000 by a
, Former Sweetheart. -
Jonesboro, Ark.-Coming as a se
quel of her girlhood days. Mrs. John
D. Erwin, wife of a Green county
farmer, will probably be put in pos
seraion of an estate valued, it is es
timated, at $4,000,000. R. E. McGoff,
a Kentucky attorney, executor of the
estate of a resident of that state
whose name he will not disclose, is
in Jonesboro securing proof as to the
identity of Mrs. Erwin.
Some years ago, it is asserted, Mrs.
Erwin, then Mary Duval, met a young
German, who told her of vast ances
tral estates. The two became fast
friends, but because of parental ob
jection the marriage which he pro
posed did not occur. Instead the
young woman became the wife of a
farmer. Recently the man who first
sought her hand died, naming in his
will as his legatee his former sweet
heart. That she can produce ample
proof that she is the person is de
clared by Mrs. Erwin.
POTASH MONOPOLY PLANNED.
Germany Wants to Hold Up American
'Trade.
Berlin, Germany.-The completion
of contracts between the German pot
ash mines and American fertilizer
companies at prices lower than those
of the syndicate has influenced the
imperial ministry of the interior to
prepare bills for submission to the
reichstag, with the object of creating
a government control over the pot
ash industry. The legislation propos
ed would prevent the filling of Ameri
can contracts at prices contracted by
the Americans, who have placed or
ders covering a greater part of their
requirements up to 1917.
If these measures should be adopt
ed, America, which takes about sixty
per cent of the potash exported. would
be obliged to pay monopoly p)rices.
The American interests here are
concerned over the situaticn, and
probably will make representations
concerning it to the state deparunent
at WVashintgon.
Seiator Johnson ClaImed by Death.
Fargo, N. D.-United States Sena
tor Martin H. Johnson of this state
died from an attack of acute bright's
disease at his hotel here. Senator
Johnson was fifty-nine years old. In
1890 he was sent to congress, and
was three times nominated. He wa
cight years in the lower house.
Ten Killed in Mine Exploslon.
Hartshorne, Okla.-Ten men are
dead. two are injured an~d one is miss
ig as a result of an explosion in
mine No. 10 of the Rock Island CoaI
Mining company. The men are be
lieved to have gone btycnd( a "dead
line" with lighted lamps in entering
Ithe mine, the lamps igniting the gas.
Tilman WilNot Attend Taft Banquet.
Columbia. S. C.-Because he was
aked to pay $10 for a plate at the
uncheon which will be given to Pres
idn aton the occasion of his visit
todehis cit November 6. Senator B.
t. Tillman has declined to attend the
unheon, and states that he may not
erve on the reception committee.
Senator Tillman says that while Ca
umba is to be the nominal host of
Mr. Tar:. the city expects the state
at large to pay for the president's en
tertainment.
Supreme Court Justice Peckham Dead
Albany, N. Y.-Rufus WV. Peckham,
associate justice of the United States
supreme court, died at his summer
home at Altamont. Albany county.
Death was due to a complication of
diseases, heart trouble, bright's dis
ease and hardening of the arteries
1cntrbuting. .Justice Peckham was
a democrat, and befpre taking a seat
on th ench gave considerable at
tention to polities in New York. He
was b'orn in Albany, N. Y., November'
, 1838, and had been on the bench
New York and federal, for twenty-six
BONDS fOR-WATER WAYS
President Taft Declares Himself
in Favor of Inland Waterways.
WOULD SOLVE RATE QUESTION
Mr. Taft Declares Work on Improve
ments Has Been Nothing More Than
"a Procession of Jerks."
Corpus Christi, Texas.-In an open
addiess here before the Interstate In
land Waterways league and the citi
zens of Corpus Christi, President Taft
announced himself as strongly favor
ing a permanent and pracucal sys
tem of inland waterways as a means
of controlling railroad rates, and said
that he favored the policy of issuing
bonds for carrying out a practical sys-i
,em of improvements.
Up to tne present time, Mr. Taft
declared, congie s nas provided for
improvements in piece meal tashion
ani the work on improvement has
been not'hing more than "a procession
of jerxs.-' Befote any project is en
tered upon, the president aeclared, it
should be thoroughly considered, In
vestigated and reported upon by a
board of engineers as to its feasibil
ity and desirability.
Once the improvement is declared
desirable and tne communities wnicni
it is to serve can convince, congress
that their growth has been suca as
to justify the expenditure of a large
sum of money to take care of increas
ing trade, bonds should be issued in
order- that the improvements may be
carried into effect at once and the
benefits of it be quickly secured.
The president took occasion to re
fer to that in some localities that
there is a disposition to do injustice
to the railroads and to drive ttne cor
porations to a system of economy,
which prevents the development of the
country through which they pass. The
president said it was often the case
that the citizens of a county would go
to any extent to get a railroad to come
into the county, but once there, no a
friend of he railroad could anywhere
be found, except perhaps the local
counsel.
The remark called out hearty laugh
ter.
The president turned serious again,
however, and urged a "square deal"
for the railroads, that they might not
be deprived of reasonable profits
through popular prejudice.
CAR SHORTAGE IN SOUTH.
American Railways Make Statement
on Car Situation.
Chicago, III.-The American Rail
ways' fortnightly . statement made
public here shows a shortage of 23,.1
431 cars in the east and south, and
a surplus of 35,977 in the west and
northwest. .The report adds: "There
seems to be no doubt that the rail
roads are carrying as much freight
as they did in October, 1907, and it is
to be noted that the shortages are
one-third of what they were then,
when there was no surplus at alli The
surplus has been reduced 17,4111i in
the last two weeks. It i,s probable thatI
we have reached or pearly reached a
maximum shortage, although it is
probable that the surplus will be fur
ther reduced: If there is any serious
shortage this fall, it will provably be
upon the commercial roads,
SWALLOWED GOLD TOOTH,
Macon Woman Had Gold Crown in
Her Lungs a Year.
Macon, Ga.-In a violent coughing,
spell Mrs. Walter Garrity coughed a
displaced gold crown from a tooth:
from its lodging in her lungs, where
It had been a year and a day. She
was desperately ill and physicians:
had contemplated an operation. She
will recover, it Is believed.
A year has passed since she was
In a dentist chair getting work done
on her teeth. A crown in her mouth
slipped and she drew it into her
lungs. She had several severe at
tacks, but h'nproved each time until
the foreign matter was finally thrown
ANTHRACNOSE DOES GREAT DAMAGE.
Disease in Cotton is Spreading and
is Costing Planters Millions.
Columbia, S. C.-In a report just
made to Commissioner Watson, State
Botanist Barre declares that the dis
ease of anthracnose in cotton is cost
ing the growers of the state probably!
$5,000,000 yearly and the Georgia!
planters possibly as much as $14,000,
000 each year. According to Mr.
Barre, the disease is spreaging. Its
worst manifestations have followed
the use of imported seed, for which
reason he urges that inspection of cot
ton seed be provided for in the pro
posed legislation to minimize piellagra
by the inspection of grain.
DR. CARLI3LE_IS DEAD.
SIgner of Secession and President
Emeritus of Wofford College.
Spartanburg, S. C.-Dr. James H.
Carlisle, the venerable president em
eritus of Wofford college died at his
home here. Dr. Carlisle wvas born at
Winnsboro, S. C., eighty-four years
ago, his parents having come from
County Antrim, Ireland.
In 1875 he was chosen president of
Wofford college, and in this position
continued until 1902. when he resign
ed and became president emeritus.
Dr. Carlisle and Colonel Robert A.
Thompson of Walhialla, Sj C., were
the only surviving signers of :he or
dinance of secession which precipitat
ed the war betweent the states.
CONFEDERATE FLAG RETUlRNED.
Captured From the Ram Albermarle
Just As It Went Down.
Richmond, Va.-D,r. Thomas A.
Warrell, fermerly ef C.mpany B,
Company B. Penr.sylvan:a volun
teers. has pr:esented to the confsder
ate muset:m h( re a confederate flag
that was tas:en fromi the <crt fderate
im Albemr.rle. w>eh was~ sunik off
the coast of Nort h C'arolii:a, during
the civil war. It wa:s removed from
the vessel just before the ship went
down.
SEVEN KILLED !N OHIO WRECK.
Panhandle Passer.ger Train Dashed
Into Freight Train.
Richmond, Ind. - Seven persons
were killed in a wre.ck on the Pan
handle division of the Pennsylvania
Rairoad, near Collinsville, Ohio, when
a southbound passenger train ran into
a freight train on an open siding.[
The passenger train was said to~
have been running 50 miles an hour
when the crash came. Accordingt t>
reports. the switch was open, and th I
trains collided head-on. No passe4.
er-s were killed.
DEATH RATE DE;LININC.
5o the Government Vital Statistics Show.
Tuberculosis Is Decreasing.
Washington, D. C.-The great fight
igainst tuberculos!s is being won, ac
:ording to Chief Statistician Cressy
L. Wilbur, of the division of vital sta
J'stics, United States Census' Bureau.
In a bulletin issued he says:
"A continued decline in the death
rate from It frcm year to year, may
be expected."
He says that the organization of
many state and local anti-tuberculo
5is societics since the international
:ongress on tuberculczis in Washing
on in 1908 has helpEd to check the
lisease. The total deaths from tu
berculosis returned in 1908 was 79,
289, exceeding those of any previous
vear of registration, but the death
rate per 100,000 for 1908 is consider
bly less than that for 1907. In all
registration states, the death from
the tuberculosis showed a decline, ex
ept in Colorado, Rhode Island and
Vermont.
Mr. Wilbur notes pellagra as a dis
ease of increasing Importance with
twenty-three deaths recorded In 1908.
rhis does not include the bulk of pel
legra deaths in the south, from which
o records are received. Among the
rarer disease, smallpox caused nine
ty-t.wo deaths; plague, five; yellow
fever, two; leprosy, eleven and hy
arophobia, eighty-two.
UOTTON lINNERS REPORT.
5,320,000 Bales Had Been Ginned to
Octcber 18.
Memphis, Tenn.-The report of J.
A. Taylor, president of the National
Ginners' A-sociation, indicates that
there has been ginned to October 18,
5,32i,000 bales, which is nearly a mil
lion bales less than was ginned in this
period last year. The reprt says.
As the heavy ginning of September
was kept up the first week in Octber,
the falling off has nearly all come in
the last half of the latter month.
The crop is 79.7 picked, compared
with 54.5 last year at this tinie, and
indicates almost a crop disaster, ex
cept in Georgia and the Carolinas,
where the crop is better, but nbt as
good as expected a month ago. The
yield is reported disappointing In all
sections of the belt, probably due to
smallness of the bolls. Mississippi,
Louisiana and Arkansas have the
shortest crop ever grown, and will
total a little over half of last year's
crop, while Texas Is not much better.
OBLITERATE CASTE LINES.
Methodist , Home Mission Board Dis
cusses Work Among Operatives.
Charlotte, N. C.-The special con
ference of the home mission board
of the Methodist church, south, call
ed to consider the relation of the
church to the industrial problem.
came to an end with the adoption of
resolutions embodying suggestions
as to the most advantageous steps
to be taken in the conduct of work
in mill settlements. The substance
of the discussion was that caste lines
in the church must be obliterated and
that the churches in the cities having
outlying mill settlements must contri
bute to the work amongst cotton mill
operatives.
Statistics read in the conference
show that there are in the south,
843 cotton mills, with 411,542 mill
people, and the eagerness of the mem
bers of the conference to reach these
;eople was manifest.
PATRICK HI._M'CARREN DEAD.
Democratic Leader of Brooklyn Never
Rallied After Operation.
New York City.-Patrick H. McCar
ren, state senator and democratic
eader of Brooklyn, died at St. Cath
erine's Hospital, Brooklyn, never hav
ig completely rallied from the ef
ects of an operation for appendicitis
which was per formed on October 13.
His death was not unexpected; in
act, the senator himself realized that
bixs end was near.
Lovett Succeeds Harriman.
New York City.-Robert S. Lovett,
was elected president of the Union
Pacifie railroad, to succeed the late
E. 11. Marriman, at a meeting of the
board of directors. The executive
::ommittee was re-elected, with Judge
[ovett as chairman, to which p)lace
tie was elected as Mr. Harriman's
successor a few weeks ago.
Would Bar Tobacco to Ministers.
Savannah, Ga.--The use of tobac
co by ministers will be barred, if
the wishes of the Woman's Board of
Home Missions of the Methodist
piscopal church, south, are carried
ut by the general conference.
Newsy Paragraphs.
As a result of a feud between Ital
an families of New Orleans. Lewis
Manacia, aged twelve years. is dead
and his mother and two children are
lying. -They ate sugar sent them as
a present. It was discover-ed that It
was sent by enemies of the family.
Rocky Boy and his band of Chip
pewa Indians, numbering about, one
hundred and fifty braves, encamped
near Birds Eye, Mont., probably will
owe their rescue from death by star
vation to the promptness of Indian
ffice officials, who took speedy
means to relieve their desperate
plight.
The West Virginia synod of the
Presbyterian Church in session at
Elkins, W. Va., adopted a resolution
protesting against the invitation ex
tended to President Taft to address
the laymens' mircionary convention
November 11. This action was tak
en after a lengthy discussion, argu
ments in favor of the resolutions be
ing based upon the president's affilia
tion with the Unitarian church.
That San Francisco had made pre
liminary plans to hold a world's fair
n commemoration of the completion
of the Panama canal was the state
went made in Seattle by Colonel J. A.
Filcher, executive commissioner from
Caliornia to the Alaska-Yukon-Pa.
cific exposition. He said the United
State government shculd furnish "a
million er- two to releirate the event."
San Diego. Cal.. also is mentioned as
a possile site for a w'.orld's fair cel
ebrating the ecmnplin of the canal,
an it is understooCd that one or mor-e
southern cities bordering the gulf
of Mexico have similar projects.
Mrs. Basil Duke, wife of General
Duke, of the Shiloh battlefield com
mission, was found dead in bed at
Louisville. Ky. Heart disease was the
cause of her death. Mrs. Duke was
a sister of General John Morgan, the
famous confederate raider.
By a ur,anlous vote the building
trades department of the National
Federation of Labor in session at
Tampa. Fla.. pased a resolution call
in upon all of the branches of or
ganized labor to pledge their .aipt ri
o Pesident Gomlpers in the cases
ow pending agains-t him and other
officials of the American Federation
of Lbor
COTTON NOT TOO Hil
Riciard H. Edmonds Discusses
the Cotton Situation.
FOREIGN SPINNERS BUYING
American Spinners are Played By
Foreign Buyers for Suckers,"
Says Mr. Edmonds.
New Orleans, La.-Discussing the
cotton situation. Richard H. Ed
monds, editor of The Manufacturers'
Record, who is in the south making a
study of crop prospects and probable
consumption, said:
"The American spinners are being
-played for suckers by foreign spin
ners, and they are being played with
an energy that ought to satisfy the
most enthusiastic fisherman. In oth
er words, foreign spinners ac*e en
deavoring in every way possi'ule to
convince the spinners in this coun
try and r.M other people ideutified
with the cotton trade that the price
of the raw cotton is too high, and
tnat the way to bring about a reduc
tion is to shut down mills until cot
ton declines to a point satisfactory
to the buyer.
"The American spinners are taking
this talk of the foreign spinners seri
ously, and while they are, to a large
extent, as compared with previous
years, keeping out of the market, for
eign spinners are buying every bale
of cotton they can get their hands on.
The question of price does not seem
to euter into their actual calcula
tions, although they are struggling
to impress upon American spinner:
the folly of buying at present prices.
"No one familiar with the shrewd
ness and the knowledge of business
conditions throuhgout the world of
foreign spinners should be surprised
at thc game which they are playing.
It has been played steadily for more
than half a century, but there is room
for surprise that American spinrers
should so readily fall into the -rap.
"As a matter of fact, the present
price of cotton is not unduly high. It
is not in fact even at present figures
yielding to the farmers the profit
which should be won out of this, na
ture's greatest monopoly. -Considering
the increased cost of production and
the Increased cost of living, it is
doubtful whether 13-cent cotton is giv
ing better net results to the producer
than 8 or 9-cent cotton would have
done seven or eight years ago. To
assume that the world will not con
-ume this entire crop, even if it sold
at 15 cents a pound, is absurd to any
man who is thoroughly familiar with
the world's business conditions and
who recognizes that, until an article
reaches a practically prohibitory
price, consumption is not materially
lessened by what, under other condi
tions, might have been regarded as a
high price.
"All mankind is living on a higher
plane. Wages in the Orient and in
Europe, as well as in this country,
have been steadily advancing for
some years, with occasional brief pe
i-iods of reaction, such as that follow
g the panic of 1907. But, broadly
speaking, there Is a steady, world
wide forward movement.
-The iron producers, the growers
of wheat and corn and other agricul
tural products, and manufacturers 0f
nearly all lines are sharing in this
increased activity and increased prof
it to a greater extent than the cot
ton growers of the south. If there
had been no material shortage in the
yield of cotton compared with last
year. there should have been, mere
ly to keep pace with the advance in
other things, a rise of. 25 to 30 per
cent In the price of cotton over the
average of the preceding crop.
"The world's Improved business
conditions would have justified this.
When we remember that whatever
may be the actual final outcome it it
an unquestionable fact that the crop
will be very much less than last
year, while the consumption will cer
tainly be as large, it would seera thai
present prices have not yet reached
a point of fairness to the grower. It
is incumbent upon every business in
terest in the south to recognize the
situation and to unite to help the
farmer in securing a piice In keep
ing with the present increasing pros
perity in every othe*r industry. Instead
of seeking to depress the price of cot
ton, the -south ;hould unite to seek
to advance the price. At present ev
r man who is paying any serious
attention to the talk of foreign spin.
ers is simply helping them to laugh
up one sleeve, while with the uther
and they are reaching behind his
ack and gathering in every psssible
bale of cotton.
-Later on, when the foreign spin
ners have secured the best of the
rop and the American spinners un
dertake to supply their own needs,
they will wake up to the game that
has been played upon them."
SPANISH CABINET RESIGNS.
SSain Tranquil Under New Order of
Government.
Madrid, Spain.-The Spanish cabi
net, which was formed January 15,
1907, under the premiership of Anto
i Mauria, resigned as a result of
the bitter attacks made against the
government by the former premier,
Mret y Prendergast.
The fall of Piremier Maura and the
conservative cabinet has produced a
feeling of relief and encourages hope
that a period of internal tranquility
has been ushered in. It is now an
open secret that M. Maura's refusal
to give King Alfonso an opportunity
to pardon Ferrer is regretted by his
SYRIANS NOT "WHITE PERSONS."
Wconsin Court Rules That They
Are Not Entitled to Vote.
LaCrosse, Wiss.-Ui.der a ruling re
ceeid here from 1. S. Coleman,. the
chief exminer cf il:c census buread
t asingti. cie t.undred Syrian
voters in LaC"rCrme w;il lose their cit
iensp, wh.le M.nj'!; of others all
Iover the noGiiiI <1.1 ia aifected.
The ruling. in ' nvA-.; that Syrians,
being of AGiatie miigin. are not
"white person:." whhiin the meaning
of the law.
BRIBED TO CHEAT IiIYERNMlENT.
Customs Weigher Confesses That He
Was Hired by Importers.
New York City...-Eight years of sys
tematic and exceedingly profitable
chheting of the United States govern
ment was disclosed by George E.
Brige a customs weigher. Hie told
ow e had underweighIedf a large
iportation of cheese and receive d
$194. He said that he h a .hnilar
dealings with hundreds of other- im
potes He declared also tat cus
toos employees had a regular sys
tn ofcheating.
LATE NtWS NOTEL
General.
In a lecture 'before the Acro Club
of America, Lyttleton Fox urges that
the club take immediate steps to
cause the enactment of laws defining
the rights and privileges of persons
who travel in balloons and aero
plianes. Mr. Fox fears that unless
laws to the contrary are passed, prop
Lrty owners whose titles give them
lvossssion of the air above property
may prosecute air travelers for tres
I;a-s. In order to avoid suits for
trEspass, Mr. Fox suggests that the
various states condemL% a certain ae
rial stratum as a public highway
and take title to it.
Two large 22.000-pound Rodman
gu,nC, re lies of the confederacy,
mounted at the abandoned Fort Hen
ry, rear Pass Christian, Miss., will
be blown up and shattered into port
able sections with dynamite. They
were recently sold to a St. Louis
firm by the state of Mississippi and
were to be exhibited as historical cu
riosities. But the purchasers have
founl it impossible to get the guns
away from their mountings. The site
of the old fort has almost been buried
under the accumulations of the past
torty years
Counterfeiters, working almost in
the shadow of the treasury, have in
vaded certain districts of Washington
with spurious coin. The counterfeits
are of the 25 cent and 10 cent coin
age, patterned after the issue of 1908,
but, accordiig to the secret service
operatives. they are poor imitations.
John L. Carlisle, a prominent farm
er and politician of Marion county,
Mississippi, is so strongl; impressed
with the belief that he has found gold
on his farm near Magnolia that he
has sent a sack of the nuggets to the
I United States assay office at Wash
ingtor. for analysis. The nuggets
were picked up in a cotton field on
the Carlisle place, and the ground
is thickly strewn with them. They
appear to be a composition of sand
and bright flecks resembling gold
dust.
The International Banking corpor
ation, an American concern, which
was the first to open a house in Pe
kin, China, started a branch in Han
kow, with the object of increasing
trade relations bEtween the United
States and the Far East.
Washington.
When President Taft returns from
his western trip he will find awaiting
him in the white house a big barrel
of sauerkraut which represents his
winning at the Elks' fair held at San
dusky, Ohio, last winter. The pres
ident was presented the winning tick
et by W. H Reinhart, head of the
I Perry centennial commission, while
the latter was in Washington. The
baprel was packed with twenty-two
gallons of fresh briny food and tx
pressed to Washington.
Record target practice scores of
the vessels of the American navy for
1909 made public at the navy depart
ment show that the Washington is
a winner of the .battleship class, the
Charleston a winner in the cruiser
class, the Wilmington a winner in the
gunboat class, the Tingey the win
ner in vessels competiting for the tor
pedo trophy.
The use of the words "so help me
God" at the end of oaths may be
prohibited in the courts of the Dis
trict of Columbia if congress passes
a law which Is now being drafted by
the commissioners of the District of
Columbia. The bill under considera
tion is similar to one enacted by the
Maryland legislature, and leaders of
the bench and bar in Washington are
being consulted as to the desirability
of recommending its enactment by
congress.
A pew in the fashionable St. John's
Episdopal church in Washington, the
property of the late Dr. Robert Rey
burn, was put up at auction. As there
were no bidders the pew probably
will be sold at private sale. Last
May a pew in the same church
brough brought $3,000. This is not
the only high price paid for a pew in
St. John's In 1816, when the edifice
was built, the pen s sold for $100
each, but at that tiime the church or
ganizationi received the money and
not a pew holder, as now is the case.
A few years ago Representative
George M.' Huff of Pennsylvania pur
chased from an estate a pew directly
in the rear of what is known as the
"presidential pew," paying $2,750
Uncle Sam grew financially fat off
industrious inventors last year, the
records showing that revenues in
fees from this source were -sufficient
to pray $1,887,443, the expenses of the
United States patent office, and leave
a surplus of $88,476. This fact, which
is emphasized in the annual report of
Edward B Moore, commissioner of
patents, has made the basis for im
port ant recommendations urging new
law.s by congress which will effectual
ly expediate methods for issuing pat
ents.
Improvements in the methods of
sustaining the army while traveling
by rail have made the lot of the pri
vate soldier much more comfortable
than formerly. This is shown In the
annual report of Commissary General
Henry G. Sharpe. The report says
the operations of the kitchen tourist
car, the detachment mess car and
the - portable gas cooker, which he
says have been thoroughly tried Out
are found satisfactory. They have
revolutionized, he say's, the old sys
tem of providing for subsistence of
traveling troops. The report shows
that it cost the commisary depart
ment $333,822 more to keep the army
of Cuban pacification in the island
than it would have cost to take care
of the soldiers in this country.
The father of Knud Rasmussen has
recel' ed a letter from his son, who
lived for many years among the Es
kimos and speaks the languiage per
f ectly. In the letter M. Rasmussen
says he will arrive at Copenhagen
from Greenland on November 1,
bringing conclusive evidence of Dr.
Cook against Commander Peary.
Jcseph C. S. Blackburn, governor
of the. canal zone, who is in Washing
ton for a few days, says the canal
will certainly -be completed by the
latter part of 1913, which is about
two years less than the engineers
estimates.
The supreme court 'of the United
States refused to take cognizance of
the case of Majors vs. Williamson,
involving responsibility for a note giv
en to pay a debt assumed In connet
tion with a speculation on the stock
exchange. The debt was contracted
by Williamson, in Memphis, Tenn.,
and a note was given with Mississippi
real estate as security. The laws of
the states of Tennessee and Missis
sipp)i prohibit gambling, and it was
contended that under such laws the
note could not be collected. The
United Stites circuit Court of appeals
sustamed this view and the effect of
ousehold
....Mattere
Cleaning Porcelain.
With a cloth dipped in kerosene oil
the effect is wonderful. You may
then rub with a dry cloth. The arti
cles cleaned will be as bright as new.
The same method may be u sd in
cleaning furniture. Even paint may
be cleaned with a little oil on the
cloth and soapsuds as well.-Ains.
lee's.
Gardening.
One of the most successfui of the
amateur women gardeners, whose old
fashioned garden is a wonderful
tangle of bloom and perfume through
out the season, says that her success
is due to bringing the clay soil to
terms. When having a bed made she
has it first filled in with a three-inch
layer of sand, then with an equally
thick layer of sawdust, and last with
a generous amount of fertilizer. The
second year the same rule is followed,
at which time she has planted what
ever hardy plants she wishes to stay
there. the first year's planting being
merely for a temporary bloom. The
sawdust rots and enriches the ground
and is almost as beneficial as wood
ashes.-New York Tribune.
Kitchen Supplies.
Keep roasted coffee in tin or glass
and tightly covered. When exposed
to the air or kept too long it loses
both aroma and stren--h. For these
reasons it should be bought in lim
ited quantities. On the other hand,
green coffee improves with age.
Store salt in a stone jar in a dry
place. When desirable to keep but
ter for any length of time wrap each
1I in clean muslin, then pack in
brine that will float an egg and weight
down with a heavy plate.
Cover the top of the jar closely.
Lard should be kept in bright tin
pails or cans. Soda and baking pow
der should be left in the original
packages and kept in a cool, dry
place.
Soap should be purchased in quan
tities, unwrapped and stacked on a
shelf to harden. When well dried
out Its lasting qualities are about
double.-New York Tribune.
The Home Laundress.
To Poll Linen-T give a fine
polish to lin use I e m water
instead of col to br'eak do the
starch. When 1 h een reduce
the required -consistency by boiling
water add a pinch of fine salt and stir
several times with a wa- candle. This
will make the iron run smoothly and
give a polish to the linen that noth
ing else can impart.
Getting Up Collars and Cuffs
After washing the articles perfectly
clean leave them in cold water till
the next day. Make cold starch in
the usual way and wring the articles
through it twice. Then dissolve two
teaspoons of borax in hot water, let
it cool, and wring the collars and
cuffs through that twice. Wrap them
in a clean towel and mangle. Wait
for a little time before ironing. Iron
on the wrong side first, and then on
the right, pressing very evenly so as
produce a good gloss. A polishing
iron is best for this.-Boston Herald.
To Wash White Lace.
First, the soiled laces should be
carefully removed from the garment
anid folded a number of times, keep
ing the edges evenly together, then
bested with a coarse thread without a
kot in the end. Now put them in a
ba.sin of lukewarm suds. After soak
ing a half hour, rub them carefully
bet' -een the hands, renewing the suds
several times; then, after soaping
them well, place them in cold water
and i,gt them come to a scald. Take
them from this and rinse them thor
ouglj in lukewarm water blued a
little; then dip them into a very thin,
clear starch, allowing a teaspoonful
of starch to a pint of water. Now
roll them in a clean towel without
taking out the basting; let them lie
for an hour or more, iron over several
thicknesses of flannel, taking out the
bastings of one lace at a time and
ironing oli the wrong side with a
moderately hot iron; the lace should
be nearly dry and the edges pulled
gently with the fingers in shape be.
fore ironing.-Boston Post.
Macedoine Salad.-Mixed vegeta
bles, well cooked, either canned or
fresh, are called nmacedoine. If
canned drain, wash and arrange them
neatly on crisp lettuce leaves. Pour
over French dressing and serve.
Raspberry Trifle.-Beat one-halt
pint of heavy cream until it begins to
thicken, add the stiffly beaten white
of one egg. Beat until stiff, fold in
onehalf cup of crushed raspberries
and sweeten to taste with powdered
sugar. Line sherbet cup with thin
slices of cream.
Shrimp Delight.-Melt a piece of
butter, the size of a walnut in a sauce
pan, add one-half pint of cream.
When heated through add one cup
boiled rice, one can of shrimp chopped
fine, and last of all one-half bottle of
tomato catsup. Serve on toasted
bread or soda crackers.
Vegetable Soup.-Cut five potatoes
into small pieces, one carrot, a small
tomato, one-half onion, small piece of
cauliflower, one piece of celery and
some parsley, then add a pint of milk
and one of water and boil until vege
tables are soft, and season with a lit
tle sugar, salt and pepper.
Meat Soufle.-One cupful of cole
Imeat chopped fie one cupful of.
Isweet milk, one large tablespoonful
of flour, one sm.all tablespoonful of.
butter, two e gg:., casoning to taste.'
Scald the milk. thickened with the
flour and butter: stir in the beaten;
yolks, pour this while hot over the
meat. stirrir g; set aside to cool. Then
stir in iightly the beaten, whites and'
bake in a quick oven fifteen minutes.
Serv hot.

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