Newspaper Page Text
I wish, because the sweetness of you
Makes all the earth a garden where yol
- That I might be the meanest of your nses
To pave your path with pelass passion
:the2 s ftness Of vc.,
ze jasm:ne at your w:r.Iov
.e the fra;:r;ance of a
ii1.t breeze with your dear
Schaunard and Marce. who had
been at work si-.ce mor-::-. sudden
"Gods' I'm hungry," said S-haun
ard, aid he added. carelisz:'. "don't
we breakiast some time to-Cay?"
Marcel showed gr--a: astonishment
at this question. "Since when have
we breakfasted two days in succes
sion?" said he. "Yesterday was
Thursday," and he finished his re
sponse by designating with his maul
stick that commandment of the
church which refers to meat on Fri
Schaunard found nothing to say
to that, and set to work again at his
picture, which represented a plain
on which a red tree and a blue tree
were clasping branches-beihg a
transpa;ent allusion to the charms
of friendship from a very philosoph
Just then the porter knocked at
the door. He brought a letter to
"Three sous to collect," said he.
"Are you sure?" replied the art
Ist. "All right, we will owe them
to you;" and he shut the door in his
Marcel took the letter and broke
the seal. At the first words, he put
himself to capering about the studio
in an acrobatic dance, singing, at the
top of his voice, a popular students'
song of the day, which indicated
with him the very apex of joy.
"Look here," said Schaunard, feel
ir.g already ymptoms of mental
alienation, "if you don't dry up I'll
play the allegyoof my symphony on
the inflVaC_e of blue in the arts;"
')nd.e went on to the piano.
'This threat produced the effect
of a drop of cold wa*er falling into
a boiling liquid, calming Marcel as by
"Read that!" said he, passing the
letter to his friend.
It was an invitation to dinner from
a deputy-patrons of the art in gen
eral, and of Marcel in particular, who
had painted the portrait of his coun
-day," said Schaunard.
that the ticket isn't
But, come to think
puty supports the min
.an't, you ought not, to
- . .r p)rinciples forbid you
eating bread soaked in .the sweat of
"Bah'" said Marcel: "my deputy
belongs to the left centre, and voted
against the government the other
dlay. Besides, he is going to give me
an order, and has promised to intro
duce me in society. And then. you
see. it is Friday; and I am hungry
enough to eat a raw dog, and I must
"There are yet other obstacles,'
replied Schaunard, a little jealous
of the good fortune which had be
fallen his friend. "You can't go to
a swell dinner in a red blouse and a
"I will borrow some clothes from
Rodolphe or Colline."
"Bah! Have you forgotten that
we have passed the twentieth of the
month, and that at that epoch the
clothes of those gentlemen are
"I will, at least, find a black coal
somewhere about here by five
o'clock," said Marcel.
"It took me three weeks to find
one when I went to my cousin's wed
ding: and that was early in Janu
"Well, I will go as I am." replied
Marcel. striding across the room.
"It shall never be seid that a miser
able question of etiqc'ette prevented
my taking my first step in society."
"Good," said Schaunard, taking
much pleasure in the chagrin of his
friend; "but what about the boots?'
Marcel went out in a state of agi
tation impossible to describe. Toward
two o'clock he returned. loaded
down with a p)aper collar.
"That is all I can find," said he
"It was hardly worth while run
ning about for that," respondec
Schaun.ard. "We have p,aper enougl
here to make a dozen collars."
"The dovil'" said Marcel, tearinI
his hair; "we ought to have som4
effects between us." and he scom
menced a long research in all the cor
ners of the two chambers. After at
hour's hunting, he realized a cos
tume composed as follows:
One pair of plaid trousers.
One gray hat.
One red cravat.
One glove, originally white.
One black glove.
"That will make two black glove
'" Schaunard. "Bu
d you will 1ool
'um. But wha
tried the boots
ey were both fo
in sam IO'- mne despairing ar
ist then spied in a corner an old boo
in which they put their brushde
and possessed himself of it.
"Like Garrick in 'Syllabe,'" sal
his ironical companion. "This on
is pointed, and the other is square.
"Nobody will notice that. I wu
"Good enough: All you want no'
is the regulation black coat."
There came another knock at th
door. Marcel opened it.
"Monsieur Schaunar'd?" said
stranger', standig on the threshold.
"That's me," said the painter, bes
ring him to enter.
"Yes, monsieur, I can boast, of
that. Horrors!" murmured he to
himself, "I am denying my gods."
"That is worth mentioning, young
man," replied the delegate, in put
ting on the dressing-gown which had
such a noble origin.
"Hang the genNeman's coat in the
wardrobe," said Schaunard to his
friend. with a significant wink.
I say," murmured Marcel, in leap
ing into his prey, and designating
Blancheron, "some style about him.
If we could only keep a little of
"I will try; but dress quickly and
run. Get back here by ten o'clock,
and I'll keep him till then. And don't
you forget to bring me something in
"I will bring a pineapple," said
Marcel, going out.
He dressed himself hurriedly. The
coat fitted like a glove, and he went
out by the other door.
Schaunard put, himself to work.
As it grew dark, Monsieur Blanch
eron heard six o'clock strike, and re
membered that he had not dined. He
so remarked to the painter.
"I am in the same fix; but to
oblige you I will let it go to-night, al
though I was invited to dine in the
Faubourg Saint-Germain," said
Schaunard. "But we can't disturb
ourselves; that would compromise
He turned to his work.
"However," said he, carelessly, "we
could dine here without disturbing
ourselves. There is an excelent res
taurant down stairs, and they could
send up whatever we wanted." And
Schaunard waited the effect of his
trio of plurals.
"An excellent idea," said Monsieur
Blancheron; "and, in return for the
suggestion, would you do me the
honor of keeping me company at
"Hurrah!" said he to himself,
"this is a man worth knowing; a
veritable envoy of providence. Will
you select the bill of fare?" he asked.
"You will oblige me by doing it
yourself," said Blancheron.
r once said that an oyster
. There was greater pro
n than would appear at first
a sign of life and activity.
hing worth while is immune
ig minor errors, but, what is
.reer is one great big mistake.
ieeds have small heed for the
mn of circumscribed vision, of
ews, who ponders long and
;ho are willing to make one
ish nine things "worth while"
)attle that they may achiev3
is a moral for advertisers.
any newspaper any day and
en or twenty people. Nearly
eficiencies or show where, in
ces results-it tells its story.
all defects. The advertiser
opy intelligently, puts vigor f
d keeps "everlastingly at it,
s judgment, or trip over an
ot let that alter his course, .
goal with undiminished vigorH
chant or Manufacturer, take
e afraid to make a mistake in
stake you can make is not to
"You will repent of it, Nicolas,"
sung the painter, as he descended
the stairs, four at a time.
He entered the restaurant, stoiod
u; at the counter, and dictated a bill
of fare which made the Vatel of the
shop turn pale.
"Some ordinary Bordeaux."
"Who is going to pay?"
"Not I, probably," said Schaunard,
"but an uncle of mine, whom you will
see up stairs-a great epicure. So
try to distinguish yourself. And we
will be served in half an hour, and
in porcelain-do you understand?"
At eight o'clock Monsieur Blanch
eron felt the desire to pour into the
bosom of a friend his ideas on the
sugar question, and recited to
Schaunard the pamphlet which hie
Schaunard accompanied him on the
At teu o'clock, Monsieur Blanch
eron and his friend danced a galop,
and called each other endearing
At eleven o'clock, they swore never
to part, and made their wills, each
leaving the other his fortune.
At midnight, Marcel returned, and
found them in each other's arms, dis
solved in tears. There was already
half an inch of water in the studio.
Marcel ran against the table, and
saw the splendid -debris of a superb
repast. He examined the bottles;
they were perfectly empty.
He tried to awaken Schaunard, but
he threatened to kill him if he
should take from him Monsieur
Blancheron, of whoem he had made a
"Ingrate!" said Marcel, pulling out
of his pocket a handful of nuts;
"this to one who has brought you
your dinner." - From the French
of Henri Murger, translated for the
A Cool Gamester.
"Lady," said the hobo, "de great
est pleasure dat I could find in life
would be to chop some wood for
"I don't want any wood chopped."
"Or carry some water from de
"I've got a well right at the kitch
"Or shoo de cows in from de pas
"I haven't any cows. We buy our
"Well, lady, I've made three
guesses about what I could do to help
you along. Now it's your turn. An'
I don't mind givin' you a small hint
dat victuals an' clothes'll be purty
near de answer. It's a nice game,
lady, an' I t'ink ygu're goin'~ to be
lucky."-New York Times.
The "Place-makers' Bible" is so
called from a typographical error
whch makes Matt.56:9 read: "Blessed
are the place-makers" instead of
. X. BzwrrT,
r I wish, because the glary of your dreaming
Strews all the ,ield of heaven with throb
I bing stars,
That I might storm the portals of your
And soar with you beyond night's golden
'Iws to U2 t:.c dInv vou (!I(,. 'oe,
at its cv.'O M in li,h heart must
ILt r.nit i ::11. I wish. ly dearest
-o S;e tie Decse I Marn::n when you
-:om In rpr's Magazine.
"Monsieur," said the unknown,
b.arer of one of tfiose honest faces
which are the type of the country
man, "my cousin has talked a great
deal of your talent for painting por
traits, and being about to make a
voyage to the colonies, where I am
delegated by the sugar-refiners of
the city of Nantes, I wish to leave a
remembrance of myself with my
family. That is why I have come to
"Holy providence!" murmured
Schaunard. "Marcel, give a chair to
"Blancheron," replied the strang
er; "Blancheron of Nantes, delegate
of the sugar industry, former mayor
of V-, captain the National Guard
and author of a pamphlet on the sug
"I am very much honored to have
been selected by you," said the artist,
inclining himself before the delegate,
of the refiners. "How do you wish
to have your portrait?"
"In miniature, like that," replied
Mcnsieur Blancheron, Indicating a
portrait in oils; because, for the dele
gate, as for many others, that which
is not a house-painting is miniature;
there is nothing between.
SA LITERARY philosophe
never made a mistaki
fundity in this aphorisi
'aking mistakes is
Th man %who never does any,
from the danger of perpetrati
a g'eat deal worse, his entire c
Men who accomplish great
little errors. It is only the m;
limited capacity, of narrow v
Ceeply over each minor step ii
Successful men are those
mristake that they may accompl
who are willing to lose one 1
nine victories. And right heri
Take any advertisement In
*present it for criticism to any
every one will point out Its d
their belief, it can be Improve1
Yet the advertisement prod
Ismain good overcomes its s
g an d force into what he does, a:
I sthe usual winner in the race
If he should stumble in h
Ioccasional obstacle, he does
and speed. Now you, Mr. Me
this home to yourself. Don't t
Realize that the biggest m
* advertise at all.
* This simplicity gave Schaunard
the measure of the man; above all,
when he added that he desired his
portrait painted with the finest
"I never use any others," said
Schaunard. "How large would mon
sieur like his portrait?"
"As big as that," replied Monsieur
Blancheron, designating a canvas.
"But how high does that come?"
"From fifty to ~sixty francs; fifty
without the hands, sixty with-"
"The devil! my cousin talked
"That is according to the season,"
said the painter; "the colors are high
er at different seasons of the year.'
"What, just like sugar?"
"Go ahead, then, for fifty francs."
"You're wrong; for ten francs
more, I would put in the hands, In
which I would place your pamphlet
or the sugar question, which would
"B'gosh, you are right."
"Ye gods:" said Schaunard to him
self, "if he continues I shall explode,
and wound him with the pieces."
"Have you remarked?" hissed Mar
cel in his ear.
"He has on a black coat."
"I understand, and I have your
idea. Leave mec alone.".
"Well. Monsieur," said the dele
gate, "when shall we commence? It
must not be delayed, for I sail short
"I have a little journey to' make:
myself; I leave Paris day after to
morrow, so, if you like, we will
commence at once. A good sitting
will advance the work."
"But it will soon be dark, and you
can't paint by candle-light," said
"My studio Is so arranged that I
can work at all hours," replied the
painter; "so, if you will take off
your coat, and assume the pose, we
"What do you want me to take
off my coat for?"
"Didn't you say you wanted this
portrait for your family?"
"Well, then, you ought to be rep
r resented in your home costume, In
- your dressing-gown.' Besides, that
t is the custom."
"But I have no dressing-gown with
- "But I have. The case is forseen,"
e said Schaunard, presenting to his
model a ragged jacket, historic with
1paint stains, which made the honest
countryman hesitate at first.
"That Is a very singular garment,"
e "And very precious," responded
the painter. "A Turkish vizier pre
a Isented it to Horace Vernet, who gave
it to me. I am a pupil of his."
y"You are a pupil of Vernet?" said
NO TIME, A
Preparing For Tho
Tuberculosis Killed 7
Death Rate Declines in All Ref
Nine Causes Are Most
Out of Every 100 Oc,
25 and 34 Due
Washington, D. C. - Health De
partment returns show the total num
ber of deaths from all forms o tuber
culosis returned in 1908 was '78,289,
exceeding those of any previous year
of registration, but the death rate per
100,000 for 1908 is less than that for
1907. In all registration States the
deaths from tuberculosis showed a
decline except in Colorado, Rhode Isl
and and Vermont.
Each of the following causes of
death was responsible for at least
5000 deaths of male breadwinners
during the year: Typhoid fever, tu
berculosis of lungs, cancer, apoplexy
and paralysis, heart disease, pneumo
nia, Bright's disease, suicide and ac
cident. The total number of deaths
of occupied per'ons from these causes
was, for males, 138,259, and for fe
males, 17,434. Of the deaths of occu
pied males, 29,433, or 15 per cent.,
were due to tuberculosis of the lungs,
and of the occupied females, 5511, or
21 per cent., were due to the same
In the registration area of the Uni
ted States during the year 1908, 30.9
eaths out of every 100 deaths of oc
upied males who died between the
ages of 25 and 34 years were caused
y tuberculosis of the lungs, or nearly
one deathi out of every three. During
the same ago period 41.9 per cent. of
the bookkeepers, clerks and copyists,
40.1 per cent. of the barbers and hair
ressers, 40.9 per cent, of the ser
ants, 44.1 per cent. of the boot and
shoe makers, 49.2 per cent. of the
ompositors, printers and pressmen,
41.2 per cent. of the tailors and 25.6
per cent. of the farmers who died in
the registration area during 1908
Professor From New Yoi
Marion, Ind. - Professor Garnumn
Brown, an expert from the Museum
f Natural History in New York, ar
rived in this city with para-phernalia
necessary for excavating, preserving
and shipping the skeletons of prehis
toric animals,, to find that the institu
tion ha represents has been the victim
For more than a year Frank Mart,
afarmer, has been in communication
with the museum regarding the sale
of the skeletons of prehistoric animals
which he said he had f.ound on his
land. Mart informed the institution
last spring that he had found the
skeleton of an animal, while excavat
LACK OF WORK If
Steady Increase in Arm
Washington, D. C.-The army o1
unemployed in Great Britain has
grown steadily, and now has reached
proportions that are causing the Gov
mnent great uneasiness. In a spe
cal report John L. Griffiths, United
States Consul-General at London
gives extracts from a special state
ment just issued by the royal commis
sion on the poor law and relief of dis
The commission declares that dur
ing the fiscal year ended March 31
last the number of persons-.withoul
work and seeking Government aid to.
taled thirty-one in every 1000 01
population, while in the fiscal yeai
preceding only fourteen per 1000
made application for assistance. The
number of men who applied for reliel
in the last fiscal -year 'constituted
Three Seats In Prussian Diet
Cause Great Joy in Socialist Party
Berlin.-Elections for four repre
sentatives of Berlin in the Prussiat
Diet were held, and resulted in the re
turn of three Socialists, with one elec
tion still undecided.
Socialists were elected to the samt
seats at the last election, but their 'e
turn was nullified on technica:
The success of the candidates fol
lowing similar victories in Coburg
Baden and Saxony, has caused jubila
tion among the Socialists everywhere
Essence of the News.
The King of Italy offered a cup as
aprize at the aviation meet a
Mass meetings of protest againsi
he puting to death of Franciscc
Ferrer were held all over Europe.
President Taft, in Salt Lake City
announced that Gifford Pinchot, the
chief forester, would remain in thE
Arthur G. Wright, of Lowell Cen
re, Mass., was arrested in. Portland
Ore., while heavily armed and ming
in ia th +hrong near Presideni
se Census Questions.
r G. Williams, in the Indianapolis News.
,289 Persons in 1908
stration States Except Three
upied Males Between
were victims of pulmonary tuberculo
Among the principr,l causes of
death were the following, with their
rates per 100,000 of population, for
1908 and 1907:
Tuberculosis (all forms).173.9 183.6
Pneumonia (all forms)..136 161.2
Heart disease ........ 133.3 141.7
Diarrhoea and enteritis. 116 116.7
Bright's disease ...... 87.1 94.6
Cant-er ..... ........ 74.3 73.1
Typhoid fever ........ 25.3 30.3
Diphtheria and croup. .. 22.3 24.3
The number of deaths from all
forms of pneumonia returned for
1908 was 61,259, a decrease of more
than 6000 from the number for 1907
(67,320), despite the increase in the
registration area. The death rate
from pneumonia was lower for 1908
than for any other of the past five
The crude death rates from cancer
continue to increase, and slightly
higher rates are recorded for each
main subdivision of the registration
group. For the year .1908 33,465
deaths from this disease were report
ed, as against 30,514 for 1907.
The enormous extent of the mortal
ity of infants from diarrhoeal dis
eases may be inferred from the fact
that the aggregate death rate from
these diseases, more than four-fifths
of which is due to deaths of infants
under two years old, exceeds one per
1000 of the total population, and
ranks them in the same class for gen
eral effect on the death rate as heart
disease and pneumonia, diseases
whose influence is felt upon all per
-k luseum Takes a Fruit
ing an open ditch, which had been
pronounced to be that of a crocodile
by a professor of an Indiana college.
He said that he had exposed twenty
eight feet of the skeleton, but had not
reached the end of it. Mart endeav
ored to sell the skeleton to the insti
tution for a large sum of money.
Arrangements were finally made
for Professor Brown to come after the
skeleton. When he arrived Professor
Brown found that Mart had sold his
farm two weeks ago and had left this
part of the country. Professor Brown
made a trip to the farm in hopes of
find the skeleton, but was unable to
find even an open ditch on the place.
J BRITAIN GROWS.
y of Unemployed is Caus
4 1-10 per cent, of the workingmen of
England and Wales, while during the
previous year they constituted 2 1-10,
and the year preceding that only
1 9-10 per cent.
The destitution and absence of
work for the unemployed is general
in practically all of the manufacturing
cities and towns in the United King
dom. A striking feature of the situa
tin is that the men seeking work are
for the most part in the very prime of
Plans are being considered where
by the employers and the working
men may be brought closer together.
The Government also is seeking to
discover some means of cutting off
the supply of unskilled and unintelli
gent labor by training boys to enter
regular -and permanent work.
King to Publish a History of Nu
mismiatics, in Which He is Expert.
Rome, Italy. - The Tribuna an
nounces that King Victor Emmanuel
will publish a book shortly on the
history of numismatics. It is written
The King has been a ':oin collector
for years, and has already written a
treatise on the subject, which was is
sued for private circulation among
The new book, which is to be richly
illustrated, is the result of long study
by the monarch.
Jottings About Sports.
There will be a cross-country race
in November between the teams of
Syracuse and Colgate.
Lozier No. 3 won the twenty-four
hour automobile race at Brighton
Beach, with a new record of 1196
James J. Jeffries said that he
hoped "Jack" Johnson would cover a
forfeit for a heavyweight champion
H. B. Duryea, an American turf2.
man, won two races in France, bothe
with American horses, Ben Ban and
Wodd's Fruit Basket
Methods and Profits ki
Orchards of the NortlToVst,
Writing in Collier's on "The;
World's Fruit Basket," Richard Floyd
Jones tells of the growth and romance
of fruit firming in the West. Mr.;
Jones says that"though.Marcus Whit
man had driven his gospel wagon into
Oregon at the time -Fremont set out
to blaze the continental trail that re
sulted in the conquest of California
in 1S46, the real acquisition of our
Pacific Coast came when the Luelling
brothers, with patriotic heroism, car
ried their apple trees in Oregon In
1847, and the Argonauts trailed their
picks and pans over the continent's
rocky spine in the memorable year of
'49." The Luellings were sons of a
Welsh Quaker planter and slavehold
er in the Carolinas, who through
force of conviction moved his family
and negroes to Indiana, where he lib
erated his slaves and hired their labor
lor fited wages, T,he sons became in
terested in fruit nifrseries and drifted
across the three "I" States, leaving
orchards behind them in Indiana, Illi
nois and Iowa. finally reaching Ore
,on and the Wiliamette Valley. Mr.
The advocates of a separate Pacific
republic, who were won over on grounds
of rational sentiment by Starr King
and his lieutenants, were bound to
the Eastern States by strong ribbons
of steel in the early days of Grant's
administration. And in 1883 the rail
road to Portland went through, and
soon followed the Northern Pacific to
Tacoma. This opened the market.
Before this time Florida was our or
ange State, and oranges were a lux
ury. California soon delivered an
abundance, and oranges became a
common, though not an inexpensive
fruit. Before this time Michigan and
Wisconsin were regarded as good ap
ple States in the Central West, and
Nova Scotia and New York apples
were placed on the tables of the
elite. The railroads soon put ail
these apples in the pie pan.
The world got a good taste of Pa
cific fruit. The departments of Agri
culture and the Interior at Washing
ton sent special atents West to be es
corted by Mr. Smith over these won
derful budding fruit lands. Hood
River became the University of the
Apple, and to its dean Germany,
France, Russia, Argentina, China and
Japan sent special students to be to
tored in the fine arts of apple grow
ing. Eastern pro uce merchants sent
buyers West. The Niagara orchard
ists were puzzled that a bushel box of
apples, hauled more than 3000 miles,
should bring a better price than a
barr4j of apples raised at home. The
large, luxurious, costly crated che'r
ries from the Dalles of the Columbia
sold when the basket cherries of the
East went to waste. The peaches and
plums and grapes that came out of
this wonderland induced many a.
Michigan and Delaware grower to
correspond with land agents a conti
nent's wit'away. And California
gave us orange crops that were con
stant and abundant.
Of the chances for a poor man fti
Washington and Oregon Mr. Jones
Success here, as everywhere, de
pends upon the man, not upon -his
money. The man who rents land
among the fruit fields is welcomed
and assisted the first year, and per
haps the second. The third he is to
erated, the fourt. es his credit fall,
and the fifth count. him as a failure.
Good, unbroken fruit land can be pur
chased, according to location, from
$50 to $100 an acre. This can be
bought for half cash and half credit.
If the man is poor he can clear it him
self, and five acres ought, in the
course of six years, to return him
from $2000 to $3000 a year. If he
can acquire ten acres, so much the
better. From the first year he can
do better than $200 an acre with
strawberries and garden truck planted
between his trees. If one has money
enough to buy his land, pay for Its
clearing and planting, a little con
stant and intelligently directed work
will accomplish great results. The
superintendent of schools at Dayton,
Wash planted his savings in or
chards until he had 100 acres in per
fect, mature tree's. He was not a hor
ticulturist, but his supervision of this
large orchard was his recreation. He
now nets annually over $50,000. A
Tacoma society woman indulged her
self in a sixteen-acre orchard at El
lensburg. She soon found herself
harvesting more than 7500 boxes of
apples a year, which sell for about
?17,000. There are many in the Ya
kima'and Hood River valleys that do
even better than this, but the average
will not run as high. If an orchard
is intelligently and skilfully handled
it ought to yield from $700 to $900
an acre, and if the earning falls be
low an average of $400 to the acre
there is probably something serious
The railroads that have brought
San Francisco nearer to New York
than Boston was to Philadelphia a
century ago have been the cementing
agents of our national life, says Mr.
Jones. The economic and political is
sues of Providence and Pittsburg are*
those also of Seattle and Spokane.
We are a homogenous people. The
scenes along the Willamnette in Ore
gon and the shadowy St. Joe in IdahoI
are strikingly like much of Wisconsin
and Massachusetts, except that there
are the great backgrounds of lofty
pines and snow capped mountains that
the East does not possess. SO with
the people. They cannot escape the
impress of their environment. They
are less cultivated than the East, but
better educated. They have large
ness of conception, boldness of action,
lack of provincialism and a venture
some spirit. The writer adds: '
The Pacific fruit growers are begin
ning to work collectively. Legislat
ures may make it a felony to ship a
wormy apple across the State line
who in New York or London is going
to prosecute?i But the buyer of the
worm doesn't go back to that kind of
a box again. The reputation of a
whole valley can be killed through
the carelessness or trickery of one
fishonest shipper. The Kentucky slo
en rn:ed we sann. divided we
iai, s beof# Dmma
attractivepacgage a e
inspired'the fruit gr9wri'b en$
chee, Missoula, the towns of the Ya
kima Valley, Hood-River ad, Others
to organize their frait grolo 4rtu
unions. The apples no-1ong*r Went
forth under the meaningless names
of Ben Brown or John Jones, .but'
with the guarantee of a great 's.d
wealthy valley. No grower was al
lowed to pack his own apples. The
associations did it, and did it with
conscientious care. "Find a bad ap
ple and we'll give you the car," was
their confident assertion. Eastern
traders discovered that there was a
valley standard. It was no longer
necessary to send buyers West. They
could order the standard products by
wire. Ben Brown and John Jones
discovered that the surest way to sell
their fruits at the highest prices was
to standardize and get the valley
stamp on their box. But the union
idea did not stop here. The associa
tions set out to educate their mem
bers along the line 6f their occupa
tion. The unions make liberal use of
the telegraph wires, and so make a
more intelligent distribution of wares
than an individual could do. They
set out to discover newmarkets. They
married the orchardist to the horti
cultural schools of the State agricul
tural colleges and made of a trade a
scientific 'profession. They taught
caution and conservation. They
showed that, though apple trees may
live 150 years, and though their val
ley lands were richer than the Asiatic
province of Shansi that has been
farmed for forty centuries, the orig
inal orchards of the Luellings had
gone into decay through carelessness
and neglect even In the virgin rich-'
ness of the bank of the Willamette.
But the fruit growers' unions are do
ing most as a school of applied ethics.
They erase Jealousies and suspicion
and establish a trust and appreciation
of neighbors and a spirit of fraternal.
ism and patriotism.
* SHE MANICUIES AND BEAUTI
In the past few years the passion
for the "town beautiful" has become
a national Ideal. City councils have
taken up the work, philanthropists
have contributed fortunes, and civic
associations have put-their shoulders
to the wheel. That everyone knows;
but what scarcely anyone knows is
that the movement began in the brain
of' a quiet, unassuming wo;nan in
Springfield, Ohio, says Hampton's
Miss Jessie M. Good was an as
sistant in the Springfield library, and
had been for sixteen years. One day,
in an interval of her work, she hap
pened to pick up a magazine and 'ead
therein of how the village of Stock
bridge, Mass., in order to attract sum
mer tourists, had formed a local im
provement society to clean the town.
That was her inspiration, as narrated
with a wealth of interesting detail in
Hampton's. Clean the town! Why
should not all towns be clean? Why
were dusty streets, littered sidewalks,
disfiguring vacant lots, treeless high
was and unsightly back yards neces
sary? Why should not every town
have parks and public gardens?
Miss Good told her plan to the ed
itor of a floriculture magasine pub
lished .In Springfield, and wrote an
article about it for him. The idea
spread, letters ca$pe in shoals, and
Miss Good and Mr. D. 3. Thomas, ths
editor, calling a conventi~on of those
Interested, formed the American
League of Civic Improvement. That
was in July, 1901. A year later, at
a meeting in Buffalo, N. Y., the
American Park and Outdoor Art As
sociation merged with the league un
der the title of the American Civic
Association, which now embraces
every State in the Union.
Miss Good, who was born In Johns
town, Pa., is still a resident of Spring
feld, where she has built up a large
business In the sale of plants, seedsi
Probably every one has seen a
time when he wished he could admin
ister rebuke impersonally. The
Springfield Republican pictures an oc
casion when It was done.
The "grouchy" individual came
from behind his paper and glared
savagely at the woman with the cry
ing baby. "Why can't you keep that
brat quiet?" he snarled. "What's
the matter with it, anywcy?"
There was a dead silence in the car,
and then a pitilessly distinct voice
from nowhere in particular replied:
"He thinks your face is th3 moon,
and he's crying for it."
-The surly one looked about with
a deathly stare. Every one was quak
ing with mirth, but preserved a so!
emn countenance except the man, who
was smiling out of the window at tfie
other end of the car..
"There are advantages in being a
ventriloquist," he murmured softly
That's All He Forgot.
The cab containing the absent
minded man and his family drew up
in front of the Grand Central Depot.
There emerged the absent-minded
man, his wife, three children, a bir$
cage, a dog on a leash, and innumer~
-able bundles and parcels. The ab
sent-minded man paid the driver,
gathered up the bundies, dropped.
them and pressed his hand dramatic"
ally to his fevered brow.
"There!"- he exclaimed. "I just
knew I had forgotten something."
His wife carefully counted the chil
dren, saw that the dog and the bird
cage were intact, and took an inven
tory of the bundles.
-We seem to be all here," she re
marked. "I am sure we have every
thing. What do you think it is you
Why, bless my soul!" cried the
absent-minded man. 'Now that we
are here I've forgotten where we In
tended going! "-New York Times.
According to a Government report,
2,600,000 cattle die every year in
this country from disease, exposure