I N NT
Entered April 23, 1903 at Pickens, S. C. as second class lfatterjander c.07) a arch 317
39th Year. PICKENS. S. C., NOVEMBER ?25O, 1909.,ubr2
The poor farm will grow taxes
Good grade draft horse- are still in
demand. Raise a few.
With your other planning, figure on
iasIng a colt or two this. year.
Farm folks need the smile just as
much as the crops need: the sun
The stock market is the last place
in the world where the farmer wants
Comfortable quarters for the toh
are essentAli to proper econ y of
the food ration.
Look through the getable bins
and let the stock up all the
all d the. half-rotted -ap
The prosperity of, th? farmer was
honestly earned, whi is more than
can be said for the success of some
The farmer must plan the work
carefully and keep the farm help thor
oughly busy if he is to realize a profit
on the high wages he is obliged to pay.
Too small a field for the pigs will
result in their soiling the clover, result
ng In their not eating it so fast. 'It pays
for the sake of the hogs to have a
Why not raise a few mules? .They
mature younger, and can be set to hard
work any time between two and, three
yeard of age, a thing you can't do with
the young horse.
A good time to begin with. sheep.
Get a small flock and start it on pas
ture and you will be ready to give
them good care next fall. Meanwhile
ilan your winter quarters.
The seed corn which was selected
last fall and \horoughly dried Will
prove the wisdom of the farmer In the
eyes of his less careful and provident
neighbor when the two stands of corn
of the coming season are compared.
Fruit ti-ees need much potash and
phosphorus. Stable manure has these
elements in a smaller proportion than
some other kinds of fertilizer. Wood
ashes are probably the most perfect
fertailizer known for fruit trees and
*This sounds well and we believe- it
Is true: "Farming is a profession ret
quiring more shrewdness than law,
fr more technical training than medicine,
miore uprightness than theology, more
brains- and resourcefulness than peda
gogy. It is its own reward."
Yes, the cow did kick, but that wras
no excuse for you losing your tempe;
and lammIng her unmercifully with
.thie milking stool. I overheard a farm
er say the other day that it had cost
him the profits on a cow for-. three
days for the beating he had givJen the
The first thing to do with the newly
born lamb is to get it full of the ewe's
first milk. Many a lamb's life can be
saved by a little attention at this
time. It often occurs that the teal
becomes clogged and will not yIeld
to the efforts of the lambkin. Lend a
The fall-dropped colt Is more con
.venient on the average farm thant
those born in the spring. Some of the
horses on nearly every farm are idle
all winter anyway and the mares
might better be nursing colts and giv
ing them a good start than to be eat
ing. their heads off and giving nothing
Let the boys on the farm have some
animal or plot of ground which Is
really their own, and then let them
realize the profits to be made from
them. In this way they will feel a
personal interest in farm miatters and
*will learn by practical experience the
ins and outs of stock raising and farm
ing. This will tie them to the farm
as nothing else will.
In estimating the amount of seed
needed for a certain field it is quite
essential that you know its dimen
slons within reasonable accuracy. But
do you? Is it not largely guess work.
A good cotton cord, the size of a plow
line, should be kept for a measuring
Sline. To make one, buy 70 feet of cot
ton cord. fasten a ring at each end
and make these rings exactly 66 feet
apart. This is four rods. Tie a piece
of red cloth in the center. One acre
of ground will be the length of four of
-these cords and 2% cords wide, equal
-to 16x10 rods, making 160 square rodz
,to the acre.
Weed out the star ,-boarders from
,your cow herd.
A good habit to get-cleaning out
the hen house twice a week.
Ion't be unreasonible. The neg6
lected flock will not remember you.
1 Don't make the mistake of setting
[the- hen until she is thoroughly
4t is easier to raise a. good horse
han to pick one up when wanted.
Whey fed to excess may cause stiff
joint in the pigs. Its feeding value is
about half that of milk.
The best breed of -sheep' for the
farmer is the one which combines a
long fleece with a large carcass.
If you, are keeping sheep plan' on a
good generous turnip crop this year.
It Is almost a necessity in successful
.An. Iowa man at last accounts had
the corn husking record of the year,
having husked 75 bushels in four
hours' ard eight minutes.
A course at your state agricultural
college vll do more to interest your
boy In agriculture and tie him to the
farm than any other one thing.
- Aldike clover'Ts valuable on heavy
soil. It is a lighter growing, finer
scrop than the medium red, and is1
shorter- lived, but it will pay you to
Beglf some kind of crop rotation
t1ls year. Don't raise the same crop
year ater year on the same piece of
ground. Give the ground a variety of
work to do.
Don't let fine weather over head
tempi youout into the field which is
stlktoo wet to work. It is bad for the
soila, -hard on the horses and disap
pointing to you.
Damp crib corn willprove a curse
to many a farmer this year who deaf
to the advice to select and care for
his seed corn just let matters. drift
alozzg'i the same old way.
It has been proved from experi
mentsathat unless linseed oilmeal can
be puichased at approximately as low
a--prideas cofn per pound no profit
'from ItUf.Use with corn and clover hay
for fattiUiambs Is to be expected.
it is the farmer who learns how to
do hiswork with the least number of
moves-In other words systematizes
his work-rlio makes the best success
of fa-min and who always has time
to tain the farmers' institutes,
Secetary of Agriculture Wilson
says:. 'Td ,rther not Impose on a
biusy farmer the keeping of an elab
orate set efjbooks, but some simple
form of accounts will be a great aid
~in successful farming." To which
sentimnent w-assent heartily.
Tha spiled horse Is generally the
~one~ that ha been Improperly trained.
Carefuithorough breaking should soes
tablish the gobd& traits of a horse as to
make the 'abijoring of bad habits al
'most Impossible save-where the gross
lest kind of mnsmanagement was prac
l't is a good practice in planting an
orchard to- alternate the varieties, set
ting not over two or three rows of
one. sort and. .th'en something else.
This will -Insure heavier bearing
through cross-pollination of the blos
soms, some sorts not being able to
Mowing the field of young alfalfa
may check the weeds but it will also
check the alfalfa. The ground in
tended for alfalfa should be so thor
oughly , prepared that weeds have no
chance to start until after the alfalfa
is well along .and firmly rooted. Al
falfa that gets the right start will
prove very Inhospitable ground for
-A man .must.- be friendly to have
friends. This was never more true
than in the country. Try a little friend
liness toward that neighbor whom you
have considereld rather cold and dis
tant You will perhaps find he will
warm up to you and the friendship
will work pmutual good. Get his ideas,
and if you have anything good in that
line share Itlt him.
It takesbo ore work or food to
feed a 700-ponndsbter-in-a-year cow
than It does t:'d the one which
produces- but 200'pennds. Why not
wded out the poorer -ows and get in
those which pay a good ..profit? A cow
ought to produceat1850-300 pounds
of butter fat a year 'omake It worth
while keeping her, bu nany a farmer
is keeping cows which 'will not pro
duce half that.
Get a good bull-pure-bi-ed' If you
can afford it-and breed up youri herd.
Cornell university, New York, has
just shown whatcan'be done in this1
direction. A cow of ordinary grade
was kept and the progeny for four
generations was tested. The cow was.
producing 225 pounds of butter in a
year. By the use of a pure-bred sire
the next generation produced 275
pound cows and in the fourth genera
tion two,. cows, descendants of theI
original one and improved sires, mide
in average of 450 pounds of butteri
. year. This ought to-settle the ques
iou-ds to whether pure-bred or grade
a mas are preferable for the dairy.
'HILL ROADWAY WORI
Suggestions For Making a Quid
HOW TO GET RID OF WATER
Carry It Directly Across by Slopinc
Highway From Bank Side-Pointer
on Grading-Change Suggested Ir
King Drag For Hill Work.
I have always been very interestee
and observant in the matter of coun.
try roads and have read many valua
ble articles on the subject. But I still
think there are some points that .
have not seen touched upon relative t(
roadmaking. especially in the hill
country along the Mississippi and Mis
The great object of road work should
be to get the water away as quickly
as possible. We have a good soil for
roadmaking, but the hills are of silt
formation, and a stream of water
crumbles them like so much loal
Many of our experienced roadmak
ers will throw up a hill grade and car
ry the water down each side for lon,
distances. Then comes a heavy rain
fall. Forty thousand rivulets fron:
the hillside above pour into the drains,
and such a volume of water accumu
lates as to cut deep gorges. These
make the road almost impassable and
require several days' labor a number
of times each year to repair.i To avoid
this trouble the road .may be sloped
from the bank side enough to carry
the water directly across the road.
When a grade' is desired on a side
hill roadway plow In three furrows on
the lower side, the outside furrow to
be about twenty feet from the bank.
When grading draw this loose dirt to
ward the center of the roadway with
a slope of about one Inch to the foot
carrying this slope across the entire
grade. The ditch thus made should
be opened at short intervals to let out
After the grading is done headers
should be put in to divert any water
that might follow the wheel track. To
make these headers scrape with the
slusher a trench a little diagonally
across the grade about two scrapers
width and not deep. Deposit this dirt
with more from the outside alongside
the trench. making the ridge no higher
than absolutely necessary to accom
plish its purpose and not less than ten
feet wide, thus causing as little ob
struction as possible. This plan will
always provide a quick drying hill
road. With the occasional use of a
King drag this can be kept like a
Mr. King is an enthusiast on the
merits of his invention and thinks
lightly- of any changes that may be
made in it, but for the benefit of those
not so sanguine I will describe my
Improvement, to be used more particu
lay in a hill country.
We are all familiar with the con
struction of Mr. King's drag. Now. In
stead of making this drag rigid by
tight mortices, tenons, etc., we use two
4 by 6 Inch crosspleces with 3 by 6
inch tenons six Inches long on each
end. The shoulders of these tenens
are mitered each way from the center.
These fit mortices in each end of the
plank. The mortices are mitered from
the center to each side. The tenons
tare secured with one inch hardwood
pins outside of the plank, thus allow
ing the frame to oscillate. The utility
of this may be seen when we want to
carry the dirt all one way on side
hills, etc. We pull through as far as
desired, then change the team, hitch
to the opposite side, turn around and
continue moving the dirt as before.
If properly made this drag will pull In
a direct line and do better work.
When the highway is cut through a
hill it Is desired to keep reducing the
grade. To this end work the road
against one bank, leaving a ditch on
one sIde only. Turn all the water from
above and along the hill into this
ditch. Plow it in repeatedly each sea
son. After this trench has washed too
much for safety smooth this side and
change the ditch to the opposite side
of the road and repeat. You will be
surprised at the change in steepness
effected In ten or twelve years.--W. S.
Wiley in Good Roads Magazine.
WORK FOR WOMEN
How They Can Help In the Con~
MUST BEGIN WITH CHILDREN.
To Have Town and Country Beauty
Chief of Forestry Bureau Pleads For
Support of Women to Point Out
Wickedness of National Waste.
Hon. Gifford Pinchot. chief of the
United States forest service, pays a
high tribute to the' work of women in
all branches of civic improvement and
problems looking to the public welfare.
Speaking particularly of the women of
California and the gigantic tasks they
undertake and accomplish, he says:
"I have known of no case of per
sisfet agitation under discouragement
finer in good many ways than the
fight to shve the great grove of Cala
veras big trees. The government is go
Ing to/have possession of that and pre
s.ve it for all future generations.
it perfectly clear what they can do t
this work. Now, let me suggest tha
obviously the first point of attack i
the stopping of waste in our forests
Women can bring-and this Is my sug
gestion-they can bring, as no othe
body of citizens can bring, to the chi]
dren in the schools the Idea of th,
wickedness of national 'waste and th,
value of public saving. The issue Is i
moral one and they are the first teaci
ers of right and wrong."
If we are to realize the town an
country beautiful we must begin wit]
the children, and upon the women de
volves this duty of proper instructior
Mr. Pinchot says that "patriotism i
the keynote of the success 'of any na
tion, and patriotism which does no
begin in early years may. though I
does not always, fail under the sever
est trials-not always. for many me]
and many women have proved thei
deepest patriotism to this country, a]
though they were born elsewhere. Ye
as a rule, it must begin with the chi]
dren. And almost without exception I
is the mother who plants patriotism 11
the mind of the child. It is her duty
The growth of patriotism is first of a]
in the hands of the women of any na
tion. In the last analysis it Is th
mothers of a nation who direct tha
While Mr. Pinchot is chiefly Interest
ed in the conservation of our forests
his remarks regarding woman's work
both directly and through the child
apply with equal force to all matter
of public welfare. Preservation of ou
natural resources affects the town a
well as the country, And as our chie
forester says: "I think it cannot b
disputed that the natural resource
exist for and belong to the people. an<
I believe that the part of the worl
which falls to the woen-and it is n<
small part-is to see t6 it that the chil
dren. who will be the men and womei
of the future. have their share of thesi
resources, uncontrolled by monopol
and unspoiled by waste.
"It Is a question of seeing what loy
alty to the public welfare demands o
us and then of caring enough for th
public welfare not to prefer to set i
personal advantage first It is a ques
tion of having our future citizens In
spired as boys and girls with the spir
of true patriotism as against the spir
of the man who declines to take Inti
account any other interest than hi
own, whose one aim and ideal is per
"Women can, both- in public and i
home, by letting the men know wha
they think and by putting It before the
children, make familiar the Idea o:
conservation and support it with i
convincingness., that nobody else cai
"In practically every state legisla
ture that held its session during th4
past year conservation measures weri
up for consideration. If women wil
support these conservation measures
if they will put their influence behini
them. I have lived long enough Ii
semi-political life to know what tha
Influence will mean. When I ask foi
their Interest in the conservatioi
movement and to secure the saving o:
waste I ask it with the fullest possible
realization of Its value.
"One more thing. Let me ask the
women to remember that, however im
potant it may be for the lumberman
the miner, the cabinetmaker, the rail
road man, the house builder, for ever;
Industry, that conservation should ot
tain, when all Is said and done conser
ration goes back In its directest appli
cation to one body In this country, ani
that Is to the children. There is In thit
country no other movement, excep
possibly the education movement-ani
that, after all, Is In a sense only an
other aspect of the conservation ques
ton, the seeking to make the most o:
what we have-so directly aimed t<
help the children, conditioned upon thi
needs of the children, belonging to thi
children, as the conservation move
ment, and It is for that reason morn
than any other that I ask the suppor
of the women of this country."-Los
MADE INITIAL TRII
NEW YORKER A PASSENGER O01
FIRST AMERICAN TRAIN.
Stephen Smith Dubois Still In Fina
Mental and Physical VIgor at
Age of 94-Remembers
the Ride Well.
As an example of mental and phays
Ical vigor at the age of 94, Stepher
Smith Dubois, who a few days ag<
completed the task of cutting an'
stacking the product of a five-acre fieli
of corn down at Norwood, Long Island
Is probably one of the most remarkl
Iable old men in the country of whom
there is a record. He Is the oni3
living man who rode on the first pas
senger train run on a steam railroat
In America-the Mohawk and Hudsor
-whose rails connected Albany ani
Troy. Not only is Dubois the 'on1:
living link that connects the railroa'
history of the past and present, but he
was one of the two passengers wn<
rode In the coach, drawn by an engin'
called the Yankee. The other pas
senger was his uncle.
It was the first official trip, ani
with a foresight, which has not beei
followed In later years, the inhabitants
of Troy insisted that the directors o:
the road should assume the first risk
for there was nobody willing to tak'
the chance of a ride behind a' "con
traption" that they believed was like
ly to blow up at any moment.
"I: was horn up in Cayuga county,'
Isaid -the old gentleman, as he restet
for a, moment from sawing a thici
stick 'of timber, "and came to Ne'
Vrk in 1847. My wrife died in 1843
I C m
00ME TO GREEN
Railroad Fare Refunded Within
Fare One Wal
Buy $25 worth for cash, all
Ind part at another, within thr
chants named below. Not ne<
t iet Rebate Book with first p
-orded and when $25 worth is
r)ook to Secretary of Retail M(
>f Railroad Fare.
Buy From A
.1 China, Glassware, Etc.
t Gilreath-Durham Co.
Drugs and Sundries.
Bruce & Doster Drug Co.
r Dry Goods, Notions, Etc.
r J. Thos. Arnold Co.
Barr's Dry Goods.
R. L. R. Bentz.
.C. D. Stradley & Co.
L. A. James.
E. S. Poole.
Buggies, Wagons, Etc.
Markky Hardware 8 Manufacturing Co.
R. N. Tannahill Co.
If you don't undersfar
Orel Ville Retail ti
O1c Over Slth & Bristow. l
My youngest soi, the baby of the
family, Is 63, and a very good boy.
That I am the only living man who
rode on the first railroad train must
be true, because I was only a boy of
16 at the time, and the directors I
rrode with were grown men, some of
.them old men.F
"When I first came to New York the
on Twenty-sixth street, near Madison
avenue. Beyond that was all green -Have you
t fields. Corporai Thompson's cottage others but let
was built a few years later, I think,
. or If it was built It was not used as a.
.half-way house In 1847. Over on the
teast side there were only a few shan
a clear view of the East river from
what Is now Central park.
- "When I was a boy up In Cayuga, No. 22.
Indians of the Seneca tribe-you cleared, balan
tknow Seneca county is close by
Sused to come Into Waterloo, where I tomn land, si
lived for a time, ),ut we didn't pay but good Valut
much attention to' them. They were
always peaceable, and never harmed Now, may
anybody so far as I know. I was 34 aCres Close to
years old when I came to New York in
'47, and if I do say it myself, I would- that you were
n't give way to any man In any kind Real Estafe lin
of a contest. When I was 50 years oldmyls.I
I was as good as most men at 25. myls. I
"I have lived the greater part of my Yours t
life In the open air, eaten and drunk
Ieverything that came along, and have or a go(
chewed tobacco for about 75 years. I
gave up smoking 30 or 40 years ago,
and my quids of chewing have become
smaller. Here Is what I use now." I
pocket a tiny cube of tobacco. ItH
could not have contained more- than
the sixteenth of a cubic inch.11-k
"'Lost all my teeth something like
30 or 35 years ago," he continued, "so
I can't chew like I used to. A smanl Box 264.
plug of tobacco will last me -about six
weeks. I don't sleep well at nights
now, but when I-was young I used to
take long naps. Sleep is a great thing
-better than. food or drink."
The most remarkable physical________
achievement of the old man this year.
was cutting- the. corn from a five-acre
field. He piled this up' in 200 "stonts,"
and It is standing to-day as a monu- T i k t
Sment of his prowess. He cleared the
.same field a year ago, and then shelled
the corn by hand, taking' each ear - *
and scraping over a bar laid across a --
bushel measure. When the measure
was full he would empty It and .begin I
shelling it again. Early In the shring]
of this year he dug up a big cherr j~
~tree by the roots and cut it into. fir _
.wood. . .
jIt is allivery well to attack thena
from the seclusion of a New. York -
magazine office, but would the writer .
of the article, care to meet. the fleet in
the middle of the Pacific on a dark ~ A
night and attack It there?
VILLE To RADE
Radius of 40 Miles;
f Paid for distance Over 40 Miles.
at one time, or part at one tie.
,ee months from any of the mer
kessary to buy all at one store.
urchase, have each purchase re
entered in Book take or send
)rchants' Association for amount
ny of These.
J. 0. Jones & Co.
Smith & Bristow.
Stewart, Anderson & Merritt
: Oregon Lumber Co.
Millinery, Coat Suits.
TThe Ayers Co.
Americus Shoe Co.
Pride, Patton & Tillman,
d, write the Secretary.
purchse 13111 farm yetfIlhav a W nube
F. 2OALD. O
5o acres, 6 miles northwest of Court House; 54
:e in original forest; about 6 acres of good bog
dl 1-room house. Some of this land.is. rollint
at $16 per acre.
be it was a town lot already improved, or a few
:own that you could improve to suit yourself,
wanting: Come to see me for anything in the
e. I have a riumber of desirable properties On
OU WANT TO SELL LIST WITH ME.r
o satisfy your demands for investment,
REAL ESTATE MAN.":.
Pickens, S. C.
For Dainty Women.
[Are a aipecial feature at this jaw
store. There are sl~ver meshissipj.? j
eied hat 1iins, stick pins ofr'may ds,
ornaments of all sorts.
-I It is not Too Early
tobegin chooing gifts fo
- "~Stop insanddo some
it.can be donein o4
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