Newspaper Page Text
I. I JL ' , .L..~g
WHEN THE MAIIi GOES THROUGH. I
,Kuthin' in a country town
'Cepfc 'nout five o clock to go
To tlic deepo?mail, nouth bound.
Due at that time. There's, you know,
Crowd o' lnnUv (.iimitiM.
Loath*' as they alius <to;
im \ dogs?hali'-breeils on* ycllcrs
When I ho
Kever stops atSasserville;
(.oniea with lithium' in her ove!
JLioru.v: \Yhi7./in' down tlu- lull,
JiVt n-scrccchiii' on the Hv!
Engineer's head out n-lmtviu'
Sinoke ?n' cinders fly?t\* blue!
lAn' wc-miB with lints u-wavin'
enn feel the whirlpool com^,
N ?\hen she clntte.ru past you?Geo!
Teel 'er rock the deepo some,
_An' the platform! Merev me!
<iethcrin' at ev'rv minute. |
With a Ion# an* screeehin' woo!
An' us wishiu' we was in it.
Then as soon's she!s gone, you f?it
Tired of old SaHserville;
Them's tne time it is that it
Never seems to fill the hill;
Fer you think o bigger places.
Where the train's a-goin' to.
An' tromp home with lonelv t'neea
?Edward Singer, in Indianapolis Sun.
| STEPPING STONES. |
S <By Martha Prouty. jjj
Victoria Moore was bora in Petersham
with a predisposition to physical
frailty and an inheritance of family
penury. In due time she showed
signs of a predisposition to all the Petersham
prejudices, such as pride of
family, shame of penury and suspicion
of those who came to Petersham
without publishing credentials from
+ u~ u * ?
vnu iiuu?e tops, /vs victoria grew into
a tall slip of a girl the family resources
receded further and further
into the shadows of Petersham's wonderful
past, along with the fortunes
of many other of Petersham's great
families, and Victoria was forced at
the ago of nineteen to go to work or
Over Petersham's valleys and hills
there then arose a wave of protest,
and the burden of it was not weighted
with a single word of sympathy or
kindliness to lighten the effect of Petersham's
displeasure. Victoria was
mado to feel it in many ways, especially
when Mrs. Peats' hearts' party
came off and that worthy ladv ev
plained that the number was limited,
and when Mrs. Truehani gave a little
bianco and ignored Victoria, who was
notoriously the best dancer in her set.
It became apparent to Victoria that
according to the lights of Petersham
it were better to starve than to work,
and with one bound she passed up a
step higher, shedding certain prejudices
as She WOllld her nl<1 clnlliM I"
her heart she felt hitter and hurt and
stormy. Outwardly she maintained a
reserve and hauteur that refused the
advances of her old friends, until she
vet)%monK them as an outcast.
Indeed, after the first few years of
earning her livelihood had gone by
and she found herself able to support
herself comfortably, she awoke to find
that among Petersham's great families
she was no longer mcntionel save
in whispers, being, so to speak, utterly
condemned. When this became
clear she shed a few more prejudices
and the dust of Petersham at the
ooanlllK 1UM HKlllS IllrlOUSly
when she got in the outward-bound
train, and thanking her lucky stars
that she need never come back unless
she wanted to.
Occasionally thereafter Petersham
folks saw Victoria Moore's name in
print over a short story in one or another
popular magazine, and PeterI'aham
South sniffed and said the stories
were poor stuff, and Petersham
Mnrtli onr*?Ui%/l ~ * -1 ' ' * ' *
r...wi n:?i <iuu sum mai sue would
find out after all what an atom she
was, and Petersham Centre simply
smiled superciliously and waited its
The time came when Mrs. Peats
and Mrs. Trueham met Victoria on an
afterfioon train bound for Petersham,
they in the glory of matinee finery,
Victoria in a suit much the worse for
wear and a very weary look upon her
race. Thoir time had come when Victoria
bowed with a pleased little smile
and they cut her dead. According to
their lights^ hoy truthfully reported
that they ban put her In her place.
Victoria set up her few belongings
In her old homo without much trumpeting.
She came and went- as she
had done years before, and Petersham
decided she had failed, some ignoring
her, while others treated her with
pitying condescension. Hut Victoria,
tramping over the hills in the early
morning, visiting among the plain
folks, spending a day with some sick
person, playing with everybody's bibles
wherever nh? fnumi ?>>.-??? v- - i ?
old ladies to clean house and sew and
bake during tho day, and In the evening
taking up her allotted tank, went
up one more step, shedding hor predisposition
to physical frailty and
family penury. For her magazine
work, in spite of Petersham'# forebodings,
yielded her a goodly income,
and outdoor exercise and work gavo
her now vigor.
When she had been back among
them for two years and Petersham
had let her alono so long that their'
interest in her was almost dead, a
prepossessing stranger, arriving on a
morning train, asked a loiterer near
the station to direct him to Miss
Moore's home. As they walked along
this man* QsrtjO'Bham born and bred,
felt his ciltTosIty getting th<> better of
"I Bupposo you know Miss Moore
when you see her, don't you?" he
. asked, "because I haven't set eyes on
her for so long that I don't know myselt
as I'd be able to point her out to
you." It was pretty weak for a startor,
but the stranger did his part nobly.
"Oh, yes, I know her well," he anewered,
smilingly; "I'm hor publisher j
and It gives me groat pleasure to come
hero and visit tho scenes where her
book is laid. It's going to make *ir
famous, and I suppose you'll all be
proud of her hero, won't you?"
"Of course, oh, yes, very proud,"
stammered the Petersham citizen,
adding With a tremendous gulp of
surprise and chagrin, "Well, if that
isn't the greatest thing in creation!"
The stranger, viewing the scenery
with delight, spoke absently, but with !
;i certain force. "Yes," ho said, "the
greatest thing in creation is creation
The hook was good because VictoI
rid had made one more step, shedding
all the bitterness that bad been in her
heart, leaving out all signs of her
knowledge of their weaknesses and
pettiness, making all of the strength
and simple greatness that abides with
plain poop'j everywhere. It was
great, hoi book, because it reached
their hearts and showed them the way
up, stone by stone, to a better Petersham
than they had known. And
when it had reached its second edition
Victoria packed her trunk for a trip
aiiroad, set about closing up the house
and planning her glorious future.
Her income had reached a satisfactory
stage so that she ould do as she
pleased without counting the cost.
"They owed it to me," she kept
saying to herself as she went about
the house, "and they've paid in full,
for what I've got I took away from
them, right out Of their very lives,
under their very noses, and they never
knew what they were civinir mo
They deserve nothing more from mo
than I've given them." But she
stopped, for she knew that her reasoning
was somewhat weak, and there
remained another stepping stone to
After a little she went up stairs
and unpacked the trunk, and as one
hit of new finery slid to the floor after
another she sighed a little and
laughed a little and cried a little, as
is a woman's way when she Is very
"I owe it to them," she whispered.
"I owe it all to them, for every step
of the wav 1'vn tnkon
been by their help, building on a past
which never could have been without
them. Mow much I do owe them, after
all. I'm KoinR to stay awhile and
tell them so."
And she did.?Boston Post.
WHEN RUKKDIXG WAS IX VOGUE.
Tattle Instrument of Torture Wan
Used on Martyred President.
"Farmer" Lawton, of the Western
Union, uses a grewsome-lookintr na
perweight in the shape of an old-time
physician's bleeding instrument that
was generally in use up to sixty years
ago, and which once was used on
The little instrument of torture is
a brass bor, one and one-half inches
square. On the lower side are hidden
sixteen steel lances. Before the instrument
is used the lances are forced
out of their brass sockets about oneeighth
of an inch.
Then the instrument is gently
pressed against a portion of the body,
usually the arm. a spring is touched
and as the little lances disappear they
leave sixteen small wounds that penetrate
through the skin, each about a !
quarter of an inch long and deep
enough to cause the patient's blood to
Medical men hfive not used these
crude instruments for bleeding people
for over fifty years.
The instrument wns tho property
of Dr. George Hewitt, a distinguished
physician of Quincy, 111., during tho
r>0's, and an uncle of tho "old
Shortly before becoming President
of the United States, and while practicing
law at Springfield, 111., Abe Inncoin
had one of his sick spoils, and Dr.
Hewitt was called over to Sangamon
County for consultation. He pronounced
Lincoln's case the usual
spring malaria, but the local physician
was sure it was bordering on
typhoid fever and nothing but a good
hlppdini* wnnl/1 />.-?? ?-*s?w?- i
Dr. Hewitt, performed tho operation
unwillingly, then watched the
effect for a few days, after which ho
declared he would never use this instrument
upon another patient, and
lie never did, although he practised
medicine until his death, twenty
years later. It was not. long until
the leading physicians of this country
followed Dr. Hewitt's example and
began to give their patients tonics to
make blood imtead of draining their
systems of blood that nature had provided
them with. In consequence
these little instruments of torture are
almost as much of a curio now as the
dollar of our dad's, whose coinage
was stopped about (lie same tim?? that
bleeding went out of vogue.?Denver
A Better Keoord.
When Poter Jenkins returned to
Laneshoro for a short visit aftor having
lived ten years in Colorado ho apparently
could not say enough in
praiso of his now home and in disparagement
of his birthplace. His sentiments
were, as a general thing, received
with the utmost good nature
by his old friends, but occasionally he
met what the Laneshoro people called
"Now, there's the climate," said
Mr. Jenkins one day to a group of
listeners in the postoflflce. "Why, the
climate here isn't anything that's
worth talking about, but out th?r?!
It's fattening just to he out there and
take in tho flimntu
"Why. when I went out there 1
only weighed 130 pounds, and now 1
turn the scales at 19."."
"I ran tell you a story of Laneaboro
cliinato that'll go ahead o* that, Peter,"
remarked Ohed Strong quietly.
"Well, I should like to hear it,':
said Mr. Jenkins with a somewhat
"It's veracious, an' relates to myself,"
returned Mr. Strong calmly
"When 1 come to I,anesboro I weigh"d
?it's in the fam'ly Bible?Jest
pounds, an' now I settle the scale*
down at an even 200."
Mr. Jenkins gave a sniff, but th?
citizens of l,anesboro felt that, the
reputation or tho village climate had
heen established.?Youth's Companion.
A chimney of concrete block waf
decently built in Germany without
tho *iso of scaffolding, which reprosents
a great economy in tho cojii.
SHOWS HOW EARTH GAINS
Mons. Flammarion Tells
on Eastern Coast of Itah
Adria, a Famous Seapc
is Now Sixteen Miles Iril
Bv CAMILLE ]
(From the European Edition of the
New York Herald.)
The Herald recently published an
ti^vunm. ui inu curious aiscovery ui
Antiurn of a beautiful Greek statue,
which was brought to light by the upsetting
of a wall of Nero's villa under
the furious battering of the waves of
the sea. This important discovery
has a double interest, artistic and
geologic. Not only does it put before
our eyes a masterpiece of antique
art, but it also shows us tlio work of
Gradually the sea is taking possession
of this beach of Antinni, where,
nineteen centuries ago. the Imperial
luxury of a sumptuous Roman palace
was displayed. Century by century,
year by year it rushes to attack this
coast, on which it is encroaching little
by little. It is destined to reign
over the place where the cruel and
tyrannical emperor, believing himself
master of the world, thought he
alone had the right to rule.
But the waves themselves offer
strange paradoxes. While the Tyrrhenian
Sea is eating away in this
vicinity the cliffs and the strand of
ancient Latlum, on the other hand
on the opposite or eastern roast of
Italy the Adriatic is constantly moving
away from the ancient Etruscan
town which gave it its name.
Adrla, which three thousand years
ago was a famous and flourishing
seaport, lies to-day desolate and forgotten
in the midst of fields of corn,
of vlnnvnwlc. or.,1 ,*t -r. I -!. -
? . wi i'uiu icn, mciuyflvo
kilometres distant from the sea,
which has moved away this entire
distance since the beginning of our
era. There is nothing there from
which one might guess Its former
power?gono to-day. It is a dead
city. Agriculture and trade have
there replaced intense maratime activity
and are very much inferior to
it Here the land is gaining rapidly
?before one's eyes, so to speak?
at the rate of ten metres or so every
year, on account of the alluvium of
the Po and the Adige.
l^Iko the Rhone, in France, and
the Nile, in Egypt, the Po and the
Adige are constantly bringing down
soil from the higher ground and carrying
it to their months. The floods
to which this region was subject from
the beginning of the thirteenth century
necessitated recourse to dykes,
and they have since caused the adoption
of a general system of embankment,
with the result that the Po and
the Adige and almost .ill their trihn
It therefore becomes necessary to
How It Kills Human
Of alt the existing man apes the gorilla
is beyond question the most formidable,
a large male standing not
infrequently over five foot six inchea
in height, and bones bo Ins; known of
one which apparently mea?<ired in
lifo no less than six feet two inches.
It is not, wo now know from experience
in the gardens and elsewhere,
always when young so "utterly untamable
a beast" and ho "entirely and
constantly an enemy of man" as Du
Chaillu represented, but it is savage
and morose enough.
Tt is still uncertain whether in a
wild Htato, except in the immediate
moment of attack, it ever actually
walks oreet without either resting its
knuckles on the ground or supporting
itself by a branch overhead, but that
It does beat its lists upon its breast
when enraged (Du Chaillu says that
he heard the noise "like a great boss
drum" at a distance of a mile) is established,
and when the male gorilla
111 r f?y !i c.'nomifni'l 1/ 1 '><? >
front innn fearlessly when attacked,
with Us huge size, its great hairy
limbs, and hideous head set almost
down into its shoulders, we enn believe
that "no description can exceed
the horror of its appearance." Add
that the gorilla visually lives in the
depth of forests where the light is so
dim that it is difficult to seo any object
clearly at a distance of mora than
a few yards, and it is not to bo wondered
at that the natives havn invested
it with attributes even more horrific
than those which It po?%e<MK>H.
Many believe the gorilla to be human;
others hold that, though itself
a beast, it is often Informed with the
transmigrated spirits of the human
dead. It is said to llo in wait
crouched on tho lower branches of
trees overhanging a path, and when a
human being passes to drop one of Its
long hind limbs and, clutching the
victim by the throat so suddenly and
in so terrible a grip that hardly a sob
is heard, to drag it?man or woman
? up to its lurking place. It is credited
with capturing and stealing women
and carrying them off to keep
them In the forests, and, armed with
<*lubs, is said to attack and beat off
elephants. Tho formldableness of the <
ktuiil iip<;.s as compared wiin othor
beasts, however, is not an easy matter
to pass upon. In Africa it Is noteworthy
that tho lion and tho gorilla
do not occur together, and it has been
conjectured both that the lion has exterminated
tho gorilla wi'.^in its t?r
of the Encroachments ol Land
/?Due to the Po and Adige?
?r1" rhrPf Thnncanrl Vmrf A
? V?uvw*vi J. V.CU O X I
FLA M M" AII ION.
| dl- out certain quantity of this dej
posit aiHl carry it back to tlto banks. |
I i Mi? muuuiii raising 01 tnese rivers
has the result that in our day they
cross the valley on a greatly elevated
hcd lik<> water that runs in an aqueduct.
It follows that the surface of
the Po. for example, Is higher than
the roofs of the houses of Ferrara.
I'iiH'roacliments of the Wind.
The increase of the land is considerable
in all tills region. The town I
of Ravenna, which was formerly sur
roiimicu ny lagoons and was a sea- '
l>ort like Venice, and under Augustus ]
was a naval station for the Adiatic I
fleet, is to-();iy ten kilometres from
the sea and its only communication
with its present port, I'orto Corsini,
founded in is by the canal of
Besides-*, all along this eoast, so
celebrated in history, may he seen the
works of man in constant struggle
with nature and only dominating her
on condition of subjecting himself
to her laws. Rut. on the whole, thn
victory remains with nature. The j
works of man are nevertheless last- |
ing. All the marvels of ancient art
which have escaped the carnage of
wars, of invasions and of revolutions
and which have been preserved
for us, often by the earth iself, and
handed down from century to century,
bear testimony to this.
Vestiges of "Former Glory.
The ancient lighthouse of Adria,
washed by the waters of the sea three
thousand years ago, is still standing,
but for a long time it has not looked
out upon the Adriatic, which is constantly
moving away. It has become
the belfry of a church. This lightj
house, which antedates the found a
uon or Rome, could tell vis of many
human depravities if only aH the witness
of its neighbor, Ferrarn, the
famous city over which still hangs
the tragic memory of Lucretia Borgia.
For example among other deeds,
it might remind us of the following:
Marquis Obizzon d'Este, detested for
his cruelty, strangled by one of his
sons; Alberto, who cut ofT his nephew's
head and burned his wife alive;
Marquis Giovanni d'Este and his wife
torn to pieces with red hot pincers;
Nicolas llf.. legitimatized sou of Al
Dcrto, cutting off the head of his second
wife anil aiding in the bloody
quarrels of his twenty-two natural
children; Hen-tiles I., causing his
nephew to be hacked to pieces, cutting
oiT the ri;!>t hand and putting
out an eye of USO conspirators; his
son, 1-Iippolyt" d'FJste, causing the
eyes of his 1 :*<>t.lier .Itilius to be torn
out on account ?>f his rivalry in love,
etc. In this order of things man
sometimes s< er.is to surpass nature.
To return to her from these scones,
the secular transformation of coasts
constitutes one of the most interesting
chapters in the history of our
planet. Everything is rapidly changing
on our mobile globe. Alone the
progress of mind trlnmnha
r..? */ ? < i i. nr;
slow and inoxoraHo work of Time,
whoso Scythe gathers in its harvest
everything about it and this progress
irt perpetually upward toward the conquest
THE GORILLA. "
Beings?Its Attacks on
ritory and that ll: gorilla has driven
out the lion.
In Borneo the rnnr.t serious neighbors
of the oralis are the python and
p ami mo natives say that
the ape overcomes them both, the python
by seizing and 1?iti 11 k it, and the
crocodile by leaping on its back,
clutching it by the upper jaw and by
sheer main strength tearing it open.
The name "orang" is in itself a title
of honor,meaningroiighly "wise one,"
the Malays giving it alike to their
chiefs, to elephants and to the "wild
men." Perhaps, however, no native
myth or story eclipses in wonder the
statement of Kmin Pasha, nmdo seriously,
that In the Mliongwe forest the
chimpanzees used to come to rob the I
1 banana plantation- in irnops, bearing;
torches to IItrlit them on tho way!
"Had I not witnessed this exiraordlnary
sp^rtaelo personally," lio in reportod
as saying, "I should not. have
believed that .'tny of th<> simians understood
tho art. of making fire." Tlnhapplly
wo personally did not witnesii
it ?London Times.
Not l''or floodnrxH Sake.
She was a blonde, very light of
j hair. almost silvery yellow, very beani
tlfni >> < 1 - " '
ji.wi whs turn, eiceed|
"Yoii don't seem to he prudish,"
they said, "or too noody-goody to
wear false hair. Why in the goodness*
don't you? If you would only puff
your hair out with curia you'd ho
"If you want to know the real
truth of the matter,'" said she, "I
don't wear false hair because I can't
match the shade. I've looked till I'm
black in the face, and it's not to be
I found. That's all there is to It."??
, Now York Press.
His 1 'leverneftK.
Tho consul in London of n continental
kingdom was informed by his
| Government that one of his countrywomen,
supposed to h?> living In Great
Britain, had been left a million of
money. After advertising without
result, he applied to the police, and a
smart, young detective was set to
- * ' '
?* ii.-ii a 11*w wi'i'Ks nan gono by Jiis
chief asked him how ho was going on.
"I'vo found the lady, sir."
"Good! Where la she?"
" \t my place. I got married (o hor
yesterday!"?New York Journal.
Columbia, S. O.?Governor Ansel's
inessago to the legislature was, in
part, as follows:
During the present iiscal year it
was necessary lo borrow live hundred
thousand dollars. in order to
tli" stale on a cash basis 1 rucoinmend
that yon levy an extra one-halt
mill Tor tln> n??xt t; years, placing
the samo in the hands <>. the .sinking
land commission to bi* loaned to *he
state, until a suillcient amount lias
been thus raised to do away will:
Out nnnnoolti. ?# I.l..?
Assessment of Property.
One of the most dillioult questions
that you will nave to deal with is
the proper assessment and equaliza
tlon of property for taxation.
The following Is the plan hereto
fore recommended hy me as to persona!
"All property should bear its just
iion oi nil' luxes. 1 ho quention
arises, How in the auditor to
lind out what personal property the
taxpayer has? l suggest the inquisitorial
plan. Require tlie comity and
I itor to publicly administer to tin; tax
I payer an oath requiring him to truly
[ answer concerning all his property oi
I whatsover kind, and record it on his
! tax return with the valuation ho
[ places on the siune, which is to he
I afterward.? equalized by the townsrtip
1 and county hoards of eauallzsnioii
! By tliis means the value of all th<
i visible property, as well as s:ll stocks,
i notes, bonds and money, can he arrived
at, and much personal property
which now escapes assessment won.
be brought to light. More car* should
be used by the county auditors in re|
ceiving the returns ol the taxpayer.
The oath should he administered and
the party fully Interrogated as to his
or her property and tae property tin!
dcr his or her control with the valuation
thereof. When this is done
, uubliclv the neiehhors who tiiav he
, present will know whether the valuation
la correct, and 'tax dodger' wilbe
required to answer correctly or
tako the consequences."
I wish to call your attention to the
report of the sinking fund eoimnis1
Blon, whicli will lie placed on your
deskw during the session.
The assets, as shown by said report,
are as follows:
Cumulative sinking fund (for rediiitt
t\t W\tt ?? twl iki v nuint #?t" vJ/tnf li /'???<
ollna Hrowti 4 1-2 per cent bonds?,
Ordinary sinking fund $7it,'208.4<.
Sinking fund lor Insurance in pnl>iic
Several tiro losses have been paid
druing the past year from this las'
Marked progress have been made
during the present, year in the educational
institutions of the state. The
1 Increase in attendance in tho coin!
mun schools, as well as in iae high
i schools and colleges, is greater than
' in any year in our past history. N^-\?
I ami better school houses are being
| built, and many ot the school districts
arc taxing themselves, in addition
to tho ordinary three mills tax,
to run their schools ironi eight to
nine molnhs in the year. We now
have 1151 high scnools 111 the state,
and tho good work they are doing
will, in my judgment, tull.v coinp<n
sate tor the appropriations jou havi
made lor them. i he restrictions you
! have made ol an expediture 01 not
. more than per cent oi the appro
! printion to any one county, i recoaiI
mend be changed, so that the stat<
i board ol education may use mor<
i than thai amount 111 a county whore
i it is needed, n sonic otuer count.-.
! dot?;* not quality tor the lull amount
! it would otherwise lie entitled to.
j 'lhe appropriation made lor the ru
! rai schools last year lias been ol great
i benellt to many communities in tin
J state, and I respecitully recotnmemi
i another and larg- r appropriation tor
i the next scholastic year.
It is recommended tmil two normal
, scholarships in the South Carolina
I University from each county 111 tin
utate he provided.
| The Military College has made a
| request tor Ipti.tluo to huild additional
| dormitory room, it is rueommt nued
! that ttiin bo granted.
A bill will bo introduced at tins
session looking toward a change in
| tho present law as to the cxamina
, tions for scholarships in state ilist 1
| tutions. it is recommended (hat tin
i bill be enacted into law
Adequate appropriations (o the
Doaf, Dumb and Hliiid in tithte and
Industrial School for White lioys ;ii
The Colored Normal College :;t Or
raugeburg is doing a good work Recently
on*f of the dormitories, the
kitchen and dining room were destroyed
by lire. An appropriation suillcient
(o erect another building adej
quale to the needs ot the school is
In obedience to the ia^i act oi this
general assembly, an election was
held on tho third Tuesday m August
lust in the tuetitj one coimtK s that
l....i -.1 il... . 1:11
of Mllcl) election.
The elections all passed oil v? ry
quietly and the people voted in a<
conlaueo with their views upon Me
question presented. Kil'tcen out of
tli(! twi'iity-ono counties relumed to
vote t lie. sale of liquors into said
counties. Six of the counties voting
voted in lavoi of the Hale ot liquor.
Ah to tlio dispensaries in the sis
counties which voted in the si'Ie of
llnnoiv I desire to renew iu\ r ? >111
mendation made in 1115 annual message
to the general ass? nihly in 1 i? s.
to-wit: "That not more than out*
county dispensary be allowed 1:1 an?
county where liquor is allowed to
....Aroused by tho action of the Ch.
engo (J. A. It. posts in denouni ing the
proposed erection of a statue of Uoh
ert K. l>*o in the Hall of l ame at
Washington, camp Hampton, r c \
of Columbia, adopted a resolution
strongly condemning the public stand
taken by the Chicago posts. The
resolution declares such opposition
and tho feeling expressed b.v il are
"untimely and harmful, lending to
do no good whatever, but on tin con
trary tends to dostroy the good win
and harmony now existing anionic the
vfiuilo no/wiln t\f mm r lllit.< !)
...."Not guilty" was the verdict ot
the jury in the Richland couniy rourl
of general sessions, In the ease ol
George W. Medlin. charged with (lie
murder of Mrs. Victoria (.Jrihiii on
Juno 12 of last year. This closed the
second trial of one of the most sensational
murder mysteries that ever
shocked Columbia. This makes Richland
county's list of unsolved my>
torlos, involving atrocious murders,
total live in number. The others are
the Stephen Howell, (Ireen and Mar
shall, Wescott and Maude Allen
cases. So far as can be learned, the
<1(11 JIIM II l?fn 11 ?? V "3 IIWV* * AllllUOU U V\
ery clue to tho Uriltln mystery.
In sold, except in tlioi-e count ICR
where there arc cities with a populu
tion exceeding twenty-live thousand.
Winding Up Commission.
The winding-up commission have,
up to this time, turned over to the
slate treasurer for tho use or the
permanent school luml the sum ot
two hundred and seventy-live thousand
dollars, and more v.ill he turned
over when present litigation is ended.
! he commission is commended and
thanked for Its work.
Supreme Court Building.
I recommend that a supreme court
building he erected on the state
house grounds at a eoet not to exceed
thirty thousand dollars.
Statue of John C. Calhoun,
it gives me pleasure to state that
in aeordance with your direction and
in obedience to your request, tlie
commission appointed by you to have.'
erected a statue to that great statesn
an and citizen, John C. Calhoun,
and to have the same placed in statuary
hall in tin- capitol at Y\ashington,
has perlonned that duty, and
that a Intuituul white Italian marble
statue of thiB great son of South
Carolina now stands in said hall. 1
desire to extend the thanks of the
statu to tlie members of the commission
lor their untiring labor in this
work. It whs a labor of love. The
work is an ornament to the state
. 111,1 f.Mtioll I In, tlnliin ic to I... nil
veiled and some exercises Held on
behalf of tin: state on the 19th of
January, A. 1). lliln, iu statuary hall,
Washington, J>. t\
State Hospital for the Insane.
At the last .session ot your honorable
bodies, you appointed a committee
to investigate and report to you
the conditions and needs ot this institution,
ami, as said committee's report
will he on your desks very soon,
I feel assured that the superintendent
has done all that he could with
the appropriations given him, and t
earnestly recommend that you con
shier its needs and provide adequately
This institution, under the care
and direction of t lw> snnerintendent
and directors, lias kept up its good
reputation and lias had a year ot
good work and good results.
The lease made in l.vyi tor a certain
number of convicts to work in
tln? penitentiary hosiery mills win
expire in January, 11)1 1. It is necessary
that another lease be made and
a special message on this subject will
I am of the opinion that more authority
should be given the railroad
commission of the state to require
the railroads to comply with all reasonable
rules and regulations made
uy ISillU rOIllllllHHlOIl.
State Board of Health.
It irt the duty of tin; state to prevent
tho spread of all epidemics and
contagious diseases A reasonable
expenditure ot money lor tho purposes
above mentioned paves a great
deai of suffering and may result in
tlie saving of many lives. 1 bespeak
your careful consideration of the !
work and recommendations of this
I desire to reiterate here what. I
said in my last annual message, towit,
that: "The citizen soldiery is a
very important arm ot the state government,
uml should bo sustained and
encouraged by all lovers of peace and
order.'' Whenever called upon to render
any service for the slate, they
have responded with promptness and
discharged tie ir duties with fidelity.
I I recommend n liberal appropriation
fur its maintenance.
In my annual message to the general
assembly in inns, | used these
word.;; "Some years ago, when tho
purchasing value of a dollar was more
than it is at this time, tin salaries
of our .state otliccrs and judges or
tli - supreme court and < irctilt courts
j were reduced. 1 d>sire to ask it tnc
time has not come when these salaries
should be raised again and your
olli< ers paid a salary commensurate
with the work they are required to
do?" 1 desire to again bring this
matter to your attention and to ask.
its serious consideration.
Department of Agriculture, Etc.
Much good work lias been done by j
liiis department in stimulating the
farmers of the state to improve their
| methods of fa lining and by giving
'them information that Mill bo helpful.
Monument to the Women of South
I'he commission appointed by me
j iv< < ived contributions In < ash amoun|tinu
to about $11,000 for the erection
of a monument lo the heroism, jtidelit;.
ami fortitude of the women of
South Carolina during the war between
the conlederato slates am. the i
I I'niied States I'he monument has
| b< en ordered and ir is rcc.omim nded \
i that some provision be mad< to pay
! the actual expenses of the gentlemen
: who served on the commission.
Income Tax Amendment to tne Constitution
of the United States,
i A copy <>f the proposed amendment
J to the constitution of the I nited 1
Slates known as the "income tax
j ui t inliiK ni" is laid beion ii>e legis- I
iil t ill''' l?) Hav Wlli'llKT 1 III- Si lite <>l
Sontii Carolina is in l.ivoi ot or <>i>
posed i<> said amendment.
licillltllion, tile people of Sonth
Carolina look to yon as tin* lawnsak
i ers of tin; state, and the* guardians
j of her welfare and 1'nture prosperity,
i to enact such laws as shall redound
to tin- best interests of all the people.
May the God of nations and ot
states guide you in all your deliberations.
M. K. ANSK.U Governor. I
....Tho turned over to the
stale treasurer hy Dr \V J. Murray,
chairman or the dispensary rominie
fllon, will go to tlir? schools or tho
state unless ordered by the legislature.
The turning of the money into !
iho school fund moans that ?f>,()UO will i
be used of a state summer school i
during the present year, this being
proscribed by law. The fund will be j
equally divided among all of the court .
ties of the state, and each child In '
the schools will receive about NO
cents worth ol education out of the ,
.... lull Mil sune << r><mm i Aiuniin
is maintaining convicts for the use
of a private corporation for a sum
that. barely pays actual expenses will 1
bo shown in a report by Commission i
er Watson, which will be transmitted
to the legislature. The report wlV
contain verbatim testimony from tho
oiiicials of the penitentiary and was
prepared as required by the lahor
act enacted at the last session of the
legislature. A hosiery mill is situated
on the inside grounds of the state
penitentiary and the pay for several
hundred convicts is hardly enough to
pay for maintaining the labar. in one
South Carolina Solons Are Now
MANY IMPORTANT ISSUES
\\r- i * m .... ?
uwic vt iae measure Likely to Ue Most
Important Ouestion Discussed
Columbia, S. C.?Tho liqvior question
promises to he the most Interesting
matter which will come before
the legislature of South Carolina at
tlx present session which began on
1'he hill passed last year, lar from
settling the question, seems only to
have made both sides more determined
in their belief.
'I'll.. o< ... .. ; >
j.. gioicniuu pi uii i umuiuKiH argue
that they added fifteen counties
to the dry column In the election
held last August and that their gains
show that South Carolina is overwhelmingly
for prohibition. Thore
am now hut six wet counties in the
state, and in two of those the election
was very close, while there are Mi>
counties in which no liquor may be
The local optionists combat this
question, asserting U?at the matter
should be loft in statu quo for the
present, as there is a sutficifiiir tmriv
of anti-prohibitionists to warrant the
state's division on county lines, They
c laim that the passage in lii'J'J of tlie
local option law which made , the
whole state dry, but permitted the
counties to vote the dispensaries in
again, constituted an implied agreement
that the wishes of the wet counties
would be respected.
There is a largo and determined
representation of avowed state-wide
prohibitionists in the legislature, as
was proved last year when the drys
kept the body in session a week overtin.
e. to kill a lilibuster by the local
opiiouists. This majority probably
has lost no strcncth. and it la unite
possible that it has gained considerably.
On the other hand, it is probable
that some of those who voted
for the local option measure will not
support a state-wide prohibition law.
That is the situation, as it appears
now. Whatever the ultimate outcome
South Carolina now seems likely
to witness one of the most interesting
legislative battles seen in many
In the meantime the situation in
Charleston, the seat of anti-dispensary
and anti-prohtbition sentiment,
continues much the game, injunctions
are still in force and the
lispensary ot Ihpior are seized every
week, and still the work of the officers
does not get lighter, in other
counties there is less liquor sold,
inougn iiiere are numerous eonviclions
for violation of tho dispensary
STATE INSANE ASYLUM
SAID TO BE A DISGRACE.
Greenwood, S. C.?In speaking of
tho work done by the committee of >
investigation of the affairs existing
at the State Insane Asylum, Hon.
Wade ('. Harrison, a member of the
In preparation of tiie work intrusted
to them the committee have endeavored
to familiarize themselves
with the subject, and have for this
iMupuM; vikiu'u many Hospitals.
"A thorough investigation of the
hospital has also heon made hy members
of the committee ami about io
photographs taken whieh snow actual
conditions, these will also be published
As to the actual conditions in the
hospital I can only say that tiiey are
bad beyond belief. I he present ,care
of the insane in South Carolina 1/
nothing short, of a crime against hvmanitv.
\\e have arrived at a point whore
we must act or be classed as nothing
short of inhuman 1 he legislature will
have to appropriate tit least $1(00,000
to relievo the situation and within
the next decade the expenditure of
as much more will be necessary.
"It is earnestly hoped that no attempt.
to minimize conditions will be
made by any one and certainly not
by the press, as this would do an
irreparable injury to the 1,500 helplens
inmates of our hospital and the
thousands of others who will be inmates
in the future."
GOVERNMENT WILL ASSIST IN
EXTERMINATING RED SPITER.
Washington, L). c. ? For several
years an insert known as the red spider
has been doing considerable damage
to cotton in South Carolina; espci
i illy in the sections around I'.ates
burn and I.,008V i lie. The insect Is
very destructive, and where it has
tak^n firm hold tho crop is usually
almost a total failtnv Fanners
around Balcsburg ha\ had this mntt?
r under con.-idera: in with Representative
Lever during the past year,
with tho result that through his eilorts
th^ department of agriculture
Ik is become interested in the situation
and h;ui formulated detinue plans
i,t beginning work nt Batesiurg on
1 hruiiry 1
Both the experiment station and
the department will concentrate their
efforts to meet the destructive ravages
of this insect.
So tar no remedy has boon tonnd
Mir ii, <i i u m ' 1111 iiiiivj* ut u?iv?
STATE CAPITAL NOTES.
..Tho battleship South Carolina
will bo placed in cOMmission at Philadelphia,
March 1st, according to the
present plans ot tho navy department,
i'aptain Kochtlcr nn i!I be in command
of tho Bhlp.
..The first pardon of the new year
was granted by (iovernor Ansel to
Robert Kilgore, convicted in Leo
county, <?n the charge or iimn?liiuBhtei
and sentenced to serve a term ol
seven years on the county chain gang.
Kilgore was convicted in 1 'J05 and
wus only 17 years of age at the time
. ..James S. Karntmi, agent in this
state for a number or brewery and
liquor firms who did business with
the state dispensary, pleaded guilty
to a charge or conspiracy to defraud
tie- state, and paid a line of
The sudden ending of the case caino
without any previous intimation^
....The Abbeville county dispensary
a Nairn have been wound up by the
dispensary auditor, The sum of %2'i,XX
1.7-i has been placed on deposit to
the credit of that county, and the.
county dispensary hoard Went out of
office so far aa salary is concerned
on January 1.
... The finances ot the state are lit
line condition according to a atatcmade
at the stato treasurer's office.
Notes aggregating $100,000 have been
paid on the state debt and there is
plenty of money to meet ali obligations.
The total amount of taxes received
lo date from the county treas
urors amounts to $'^7 ,771.3k.
taries are now kept within artificial
borders, which are very much raised
up. The increased velocity which
currents thus restrained acquire gives
them the power to transport to the
sea a very much larger quantity of
sediment than formerly. Thus the
deltas of the Po and the Adige have
constantly encroached upon the Adriatic.
Moreover, a part of the sand
and slime, which in a natural condition
of things would have been spread
over the plain by annual Hoods, is deposited
on the bottom of the beds of
the streams, whose capacity thus becomes