tribesmen like Hi Malisud
W'aziris and others exhibiting
signs of increasing turbulcnce, but tho
frontier territories from one end to
the other are al-eudy full of modern
arms and atnmunltlon, while more is
pouring Into them every day by every
seeliub i! trnnlc Ihrniiirh ttoln
chlstan nml the Afghan hills. aHgL^gPf
In addition to this, the present
Ameer, abandoning his father's policy,
has allowed thousands of modern rllies
manufactured In the arsenal at |Ww?l
Kabul to reach the hands of his own
tribesmen, and the probable co-operation
of the latter In a frontier war
against the Indian Kaj may easily involve
th<> British government with Af- j|
gnanlstan as well. \l
All this, as every Indian officer It
knows, Is Involved In the continuance ll
of the persistent gun running which Is 11
marking tho growing war fever on tho 11
Indian northwest frontier through tho ll
Persian gulf. It Is not too much to 11
say that tho peace and safety of India 11
depend upon the suppression of this 11
<11111 ytn, UW1I1K IMUOIiy 10 tno
paucity of Pritlsh naval resources
there, ; he can do little or nothing. iIHSGHH
Muscat, at tho entrance of the jrulf.
Is the chief center of this nefarious
traflic, which is carried on by Euro- ll?r?i18S
a/ ^ 5 to ^ ' '
c oorvreti/ict gu/v-ronmihg j" ls ^
poana and, unhappily, by British merchant Tho
wnllan, who t.-i under ltritlsh protection, derives a
3nrs<> rovenuo from It, but although negotiation*!
with him for its prohibition might requiro diplomatic
handling owing to his treaty obligations
with at. least 0110 other powor, It Is the only uffoc*
tlve moans of avoiding th?> outpouring of blood
and treasure on the Indian forntler.
At present the efforts of tho British navy are
handicapped by the fact that th ? hydrographic&l
conditions of Muscat., as Indeed of tho whole littoral
of tho gulf, do not allow preventive ships
to go very close to the coast. It is this faer which
.mi a Kl >ri ( a (/n tt I n (v /I K<>n'Cl t / > >. 'lit.) V\ . . tf I (fl.
r ?"U"JO ft ' I II I 11 llll III* 1" .!< Hl? ? 'fi*
lance of nrltish cruisers.
Thus tho dhows which put out from Muscat
with their contraband cargoes adopt tlio simple
j .an of hugging the coast within thn shallow-water
limits If they are making for Kowelt, which
Is tho center of the gun trado for Mesopotamia
ud western Persia, they can proceed all tho way
i; comparative safety, otherwise they sail Just
iir enough i ho In a position to make a dash for
. isk or . i . ' other p?,r: on tho Makran coast,
uero the! cargoes nr ;>oclved for conveyance
\>y caravMu -la Baluchi; an to Afghanistan and
he northv t frontier Kh !s.
The two uiost active linns engaged in this
*rado aro owtjed by a Halt; M and a Frenchman.
T hero aro also In Muscat t onerous small shops
I? <1 I ha/Ia 'i ,i,l , I,.-., r.t (I,, .
' ??( >' >? " < " <iini II ..> i.-? <M ii' 11 mo
are "banlas" from India. ?.! terlous careen aro
ulso dropped overboard In the dead of nigh' Into
H\vlfl sailing dhows and got ..way to < euro
platen along tin* eastern coast. It will bo iinpr?H6iblo
to check this growing p. ill to Kngl ind's
peaco in India without a lar,:e Pumber of smallilr-'.'i^ht
patrol boar ;.nd an fllclcnt coastguard
rj .!o /..iKi'an const.
"No craft," says Mr. II Warrington Smyth, in
"Mast, and Sail in Kurope and Asia," "has played
a greater part in tho world v history than the
dhow. Tho mtoon yard is jh much tho etnblom or
tho Faith as in tho (.'rosront. Tho (ruo haggara,
bagala, or Arab dhow, the probable parent of ail
f iie lateon-riggfd offspring, is now mostly to bo
fiet with in tho Hod sea anil eastward to tho Perllan
/gtilf, Karachi, Horn bay, along the Malabar
;oast. and dowr tho coast of Africa to Zanzibar,
I A ^nAli7IM/J VITIJA
j-x. VJJtlW VVJL1 lVI 1 lLllRVCf IV
P? THE PEACE OF INDIA. m
H| ^XH.MANNERS HOWE 1
julto capable of holding Its I j
hard weather'often to hoi \ /!
In tho Indian ocean. Xot-1 \ //
ig local differences of de-1 \ //
rosHols vary very little as n I
y are generally grab built, I
1 ? , ,. _ PCI Ill""?n lt-WJ -
H? ii rally of main and
nil//.<-n latofiis. The main*
mast Is a big spar stopped amidships, with a groat
A correspondent from India writes that the
llritlsh gunboats In the Persian gulf havo boon
very JiCtlv<> In ennin'osBlnc* t?.r. I.. 1
... - V..VJ iiniiii: HI I 1 lies Ullll
ammunition. Tho nrms were being landed on tho
Mnkran const and thence wero carried by cararans
for sale to the tribesmen on tho northwestern
frontier of India, to bo used against tho British
troops when tho next treublo comes. Tho
navy men are reported to havo been very successful,
and made several good hauls of rifles and
ammunition. To reduce still further tho gun-runners'
chances of profit, four companies of tho
Fourteenth Slkha v.ere sent from Ouetta to inter
cept caravans in the neighborhood of llobat. Olio
of our illustrations depicts the entraining of nomo
of (ho transport camels at Jacobabad in SInd, on
i Mito to Nushki, whenco tho column marched to
Am a rule, when camels aro entrained they aio
loaded on open trucks, but on this occasion it was
thought advisable to make uso of closed cars.
The "oouts" strongly obje< >1 to being loaded, but
with a rope behind the hocks and a stoady, persuasive
j train on the noso rope they woro evflntually
haul* d or pushed in. Onco in tho car thy
camels wep.- made to kneel down in tho f?and
w'nli 1) had 1 ? ii Hprcad on the lloor, their knees
were then (In] : o ihnt It wn? Impossiblo for tliom
to straight'n out their foreW'ga.
Tho cars worn each loaded with six camels,
three In each end, facing Inward. Tho spaco In
the middle vm.h utilized for saddles and fodder for
tin- journey. Ta'o camelruen also traveled In each
car. It may in- remarked that lirahuis differ from
most people in that they do not notice that the
camel haw a particularly offensive odor. Tho
camels bubbled and protested whllo being load
p(l, hut they foon settled down and began to oat
tho fodder provided for them. It took flvo hours
to load tho flr?t train of 120 camols. Only ono
canio! that had an unusually largo hump could
not bo pushed through tho door, and ho was
trussed llkf) a chicken and carried bodily In by
about 16 men. v\
< I ' - - -
c Tho bird's-eyo view shows tho terries'
' lory through which tho contraband guns
J. are run. In the foreground are tho baro
; * rocky hills surrounding Muscat, the capital
of Oman, while to the right Is tho
equally bare coast of Makran, from which
gun-running routes lend Inland to Afghanistan.
Oman is an Independent sultan- ;
ato occupying the southeastern end of |
tho peninsula of
Arabia, it reaches
P//OW //V THE GULFfinri
mr)t)ir>r-nf-r>nnrl nn.\ fltVi nlon ^t
mercial importance. Tho cluof port is Muscat. It
Is situated between two bills ami looks out to sea,
as shown in the view of the Persian gulf accompanying
Tho population of Oman Is estimated at 1,500,000,
and consists of several tribes of Arab origin,
partly nomadic. Tho negro element la very numerous.
Muscat was taken by tho Portuguese in 1508
and remained in their hands until the middlo of
tho seventeenth century, when tho Arabs of tho
interior secured possession of It. Tho imams or
sultans of Muscat afterwards made extensivo conquests
in eastern Africa, including Zanzibar, Momhas
and Qulloa. Oman was at tho climax of its
power and commercial prosperity In the first half
of tho nineteenth century, when tho nntimritv <>t
tho Imams or sultans extended over tho Persian
territories of Larlstan and Moglstan, tho Islands of
Dender Abbas, part of the coast of Baluchistan, and
tho long strip of African coastland Including Zanzibar,
Mombasa and Qullon, together with tho
Island of Socotra. Tho present r^'ag family originated
In Yemen and was first established In tho
Imamato in tho person of Ahmed Ibn Said In 1711.
Tho rise of tho VVahabl power In Nedjed resulted
in considerable loss of territory. In 18f?0, on tho
death ot ^.iltnn Said, his possessions were divided
between his two sons, ono receiving tho African
territories and tho other Muscat, with tho Persian
possessions. These last were lost In 1875. Sultan
Thuwany. who flucceeded In Musrstt wn? n?cnuc(.
nfited In 18GG by lils pod Sellm, who reigned but ft
Kbort tltno, and wfta driven out by his uncle, Seyyld '
Folsftl Ibri Turkl. Tho "tower of tho Imam Is oxer- j
elsod very lit tin beyoi 1 tho cftpltal, Muscat, tho
name of which Is therefore/ probably better known
In popular usage than that of tho whole stato.
Would Cause Much Writing.
Ilftcon - I nno It in Hint nil tlin llnoolnn rail.
way stations keep complaint books, where passengers
may enter various protests."
Egbert?If that plan were adopted In this country,
I fear writer's cramp would bo far more common
^than It Is now.?Yonkers Statesman.
1 . A
EXCELLENT SPRING FOR DOOR J
Spiral Hinge Makes Door Close of Its
Own Weight?Clears Carpets
By taking advantage of the law of
gravity, a Washington (D. C.) man
has invented a hinge which also acts
as a spring. Spiral strips of metal
aro screwed at top and bottom and
mlddlo of the door casing. Other
metal strips, with slots for the spiral
to pass through, are fastenod to the
door at corresponding distances and
form the hinges. When the door is
opened It rides up on the spirals, clearing
rugs, carpets, mats or whatever
else may bo at the bottom. Then,
when the pressure on the door is released
it settles of Its own weight and
closes slowly and gently a3 the inclosing
strips slide down the spiral.
There is no necessity to have a pneumatic
device attached to prevent the
ilnnl* ft*r*ni .%? I.. '
vi\/w?u5 " tin an in
the case with many other spring (1
Novel Door Spring. s
doors. These spiral springs aro made ''
of strong metal that will not rust or I1
break, and as they aro kept lubricated s
automatically, there Is no squeaking 0
or grating noise.
HANDY TABLE FOR WINDOWS !'
Device Arranged for Flowers, Etc.,
Either Inside or Out Where t]
Spacc Is Small.
The device shown In the Illustration g
makes a handy table for flowers, seed
lings, etc., either outside or interior, c,
where space is small, says Farm a
Press. It Is mado by securing a |,
plank of serviceable size to the wall
r-k fw a
! I [
I [ " / J J
or window cnsings; l?y utilizing a ^
couple of strong hinges on tlio under
sldo of said plank; further support is
given by largo wires held by screw*
t yes to table atul f,o on.
ROTATION RESTS THE SOIL |
Allowing Land to Lis Idle Does Not
Bring About Result Lazy
by n. PinrtsoN. v
A neighbor of ours Is a bit discournged
over bis crop outlook and thinks (1
his soil needs a rest, therefore, ho Is (<
talking of fallowing his land next I
year. Allowing to lie Idle for a season s
may be a good thing for the lazy 0
farmer, but 1 never could see any
other reason for it. The Idea, of
course, is to "rest" the land and the f)
conserving of an extra season for a j
single crop. This might be done pro- I
vided the man has cultivated during ^
tho fallow period, a fine mulch main- j (
tained. and the weeds kent. /lown tmt
If it Is all to prow up to weed# and ' '
grass this will take out qulto as much ()
moisture as a crop of corn or anything i
else. Soil cannot asslmllaio plant ''
food unless It Is cultivated, and there- |
fore, it follows that much ol this food
goes to waste on fallo*v land. If the a
farmer would ret his plants a little j a
deeper, keep the cultivator going [
inoro steadily, "rest" Ms land by a tl
change of crops, buy a nanure spread- j y
er. then UKO it. hist fiirm wnnl/1 nr,..
' - ?' " I
duco twlco na much as It will If he > s
carries out his fallowing planB. i r
Succeeding With Alfalfa.
Tho men who liavo succeeded Hest ti
with unlrrlgated alfalfa havo pre- t
pared their land well and then seeded 'I
It when an abundant supply of mols- a
turd was preBont li
STAGING BRACKET FOR FARM
llustratlon Shows Plan of Getting at
Small Jobs With Very Little
There are many Jobs on tho farm;
vhere it Is necessary to have staging>r
scaffolding. Accounts kept by one
loing repair work show that on an.i
iverage Intakes double tho amount of
line to oroct scaffolds that it (loos to
lo tho work on small jobs. A very
onvenient movable bracket is made
if 2 by 4 inch scantling, nailed to
orni a right angle and braced with
>oards. A 2 by 4 Is then inserted and
ho bracket slid up the side of the
iiillding with the staging boards on It.
'lie foot of the 2 by 4 is (hen staked
o prevent slipping. Often there aro
(Ids and ends about tho farm bulldogs
that may be substituted for tho
by Is, using tho above plan for tho
taging ' racket.
iCREAGE DEVOTED TO HEMP
ncrcase In Importation Offers Market
for Larger Home Production
Tho blueerass reelon of Knntnrkv.
[i the center of which lies I^exington,
aises about 20,000 acres of Cannabis
ativa from which hemp is procured,
'ho acreage devoted to hemp in other
arts of tiie United States is "*"
mall?perhaps GOO acres aroufu.
oln. Neb., and an equal number in
lio lower Sacramento valley in CaliDrnia,
with small experimental plant>gs
in Indiana, Pennsylvania, Wisonsin,
Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa and
ivussui prouuces more ror export
tian all other countries, but Italy,
iistria-Hungary, Germany, France,
lelglum, Turkey, China and Japan
row it commercially for fiber.
All tho hemp fiber produced in this
ountry is used in American mills,
nd as increasing quantities are being
nported, a market for a larger homo
roduotion is offered. Therefore, tho
ircular rocontly Issued by the United
tates department of agriculturo on
10 cultivation of hemp in the United
tates, in which climate, soil, sowing,
arvestlng tho plant, and methods of
reparlng tho soft gray or yellow bast
her aro described and explained,
lloilld Drove of Intnreat tn fnrmoro In
iosp sections of tho country outsldo
f tho recognized hemp growing reIon
where soil and climate seem to
ffor ri nrnatifpf fni'm-olilo ?< ? <??
In Cabbage Fields.
Give nitrate of soda a trial in your
tbbago fields. One hundred per aero
L each application is the usual
mount, although 200 pounds at a
mo is used by some growers. Leavo
lieck rows to show the difference in
Clean cultivation Is half the battle.
Cauliflower seed aro still brought
Intensive farming means more than
Tho present day farmer Is ft spoInlist
In the true senso of tho word.
Tho legumes are especially strong:
1 protein and therein Ilea their great
J'otatoes are continuing to absorb
uite a good deal of the trucker's at
L? II HOI1
Leaving plant root exposed to th?
un and wind Is llko leaving a fish out
Old, stale vegetables will hurt your
rado. Feed thoin to the pigs, cows
Tho tlireo Important loaf - 1
ucuinb?rs are powdc
owny mildew and anthracuosn.
In applying manuro with a spreader
Is put on uniformly, and all parts
f tho field are equally benefited.
11 lu onlilnni If
?v iivuv^ii, ii VIDI, nucuasury id
loculato land for alfalfa when It has
eon well enriched with manure.
Tho United Kingdom seems to ho
bio to produce more wheat from an
cro of land than any other country.
If the melon vines are rusty pull
Ijom up and burn them. If only wilted
on may find a borer about tho roots.
Peas of tho extra early sorts aro
own thickly along tho furrows In
owh two and a half to threo feet
Every fariner'a garden should conaln
nil tho good fruit and vegotahlos
hat tho soil and climate will grow,
hoy mnko up a great j>art of tho 11
ctual living, and thoy pro tho most
ealthful foods that caa be eateu.
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