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JT* HE luro of allitudo
8 0 c m 3 1 ? ^ 11 v 0
f \ caugni ai inu hiihh
/ f \ J of man to lead him
y ( \ | Ys struggling up almost
\\JAf unscalablo peaks
~~ from earliest times.
However, It may he
JT s:il<l that only wlthin
the last half cenclimbing
phy; daring scientists
more mountains in that period than
during any other time in their search
for geological data, and many lives
have been sacrificed at the shrine of
science by her devotees while pitting
skill and strength against enduring
nature. Soon little was left to learn
in this field in Europe, so those intrepid
mountaineers, ever struggling
to reach the top of the world, turned
their eyes toward Asia, Africa and
America, seeking other difficulties to
overcome and hailing with joy any
word of the discovery of a new gigantic
elevation. In the \ < stern world
was found a fertile field for their efforts.
Ton thousand miles of mountain,
from tHo Circle to the Horn, with
peaks piercing the skies from the
snow lands of Alaska, aslant America,
through the tropical table lands of
Ecuador to the wilds of Patagonia.
The elevations of the southern half
mi mm liium; illiU IlilVC S1I1CO IIC'KI IIIO
interest, of scientist and traveler alike,
were almost unknown ami unnamed,
and South America to the Alpine
mountain climber was terra incognito
indeed. A dim knowledge of the
mountain majesty of the - northern
half of this range had conio to thom t
t> i mug?! hi me onriy explorers. .>
voyages, the tales of Bering's travels ;
ries of Cook's voyages in tho Pacific
talned references to high inountalns
from their ships; hut it would seem
McKinley, the highest peak of the ra
Rockies, received little notice from e:
ers, although in favorable weather it c
for a distance of 150 miles, a great
that dwarfs the many hills surround
fact, in 1 Sl>7. when Mr. \V. A. l)i< ke;
ascended the Susitanl river and had I
named Mount McKinley, upon returnit
zal i(?n flPRrrihPil hi?4 .Hc^Avnrtf
believed, and the whole account of h!
treated as a traveler's tale, lloweve
reason to believe that Vancouver saw
tain In 1793, and it was long known to
of the vicinity as "Tralelka," a word w
"Great mountain," and when the lluss
Alaska they called it "Bulshala," a w
same significance. Even before Mr. I)i
attention to it and named it Mount M<
prospectors of tbo Yukon knew It as F
more's peak. Mr. Dickey's estimate of
O/V AAA ? 4. I- I I + I
n!(!i, ih liuereHiing in view of ID
subsequent measurements showed th
only 300 feet out of tho way In his p
figures now given by the geological
tallied by taking tho mean of twent;
ments, arrived at by triangulatlon,
height as 20,300. This great mountah
attempts to dominate Its peak until
spring of 1010, whon an expedition nn<l
Lloyd mado a dash for the top and aft<
Incessant toll reached tholr poal.
Mount Falrweather, tho most Imp
rising flush from the sea level, was so
Conk In 1778. There are no records
ever been climbed, although its altit
feet, would not indicate that the ascen
More Interesting than Fairweather
a peak ilrst seen by Hering i
gi- n -i > name because the day of dlsi
sacred lo St. Ellas. Its height was (
matter of acrimonious dispute \mong
f? (!./. e il.- - ?...
in iin- >< KIIIIIIIIK >>i inn ICIMI t-fiuury .
a French explorer, by measuring tho
distances of adjacent mountains and t
relative angles with )isextant, dote
height as 12,<">72 foot al)ove soa level ai
tlon as eight leagues from the roast.. I
spina gave the figures of elevation as
hut now the figures arrived at by the
survey give the altitude as 18.021 fee
Lieutenant Schwalte of the United S'
made an attonint to ascend Mount Ht
was followed by Mr. Topparn In 1888,
,*,;;^m"1- V'' ?- * **< '' *1>* * ,v *Vv ?;
>tr K3o%(? v) r??nMuv---i / ? A^Sii
hrough tho fi^ssor Russell made tv
laeKenzlo's 18'Jl, and In tho latter
uid the sto- small margin. The hone
ocean con- of the north was reser
often seen Abruzzl, who solved tl
that Mount geology In 1S!i7, while li
nge of tho voyages in search of tin
uly cxplor- \\'i> will leave the gi
an ho seen consider the mountains i
rtimt? i mien huuos proper,
ini; it. In Hooil and Rainier earl;
? , who lind alpinists of our country
ocritoii and climbs of Clarence Hint
iK to civili- interesting and well writ
rv was not logicnl exploration of tl
Is trip was Spanish word that sigi
r. thero is it also nionns "?n\v" In
this iiioun- was applied to certain
tho natives eanse of tho fancied res<
lileh moans to that of this earpontd
ians owned In the Sierra Nova
Hid of the prominent peak is Motini
ekey railed of tho famous ICngllsh
Klttley tho especially notable as br
IMMItt- nil! IlllJfil H'llIlirKaDIC (
Its height, mountaineering, when 1
e fact that once King, lit* was at
at ho was tho California state go
tioss. Tito boon sent out with othoi
survey, oh^ Whitney to mako goolo
y moasix^^ This climb was not ;
pianos tho altitudo (for the mount
i defied all height) as in tho matto
imp cany aim oeeaiiHe or the rurir
lor Thomas a howlo knife, which ar
>r weeks of annals of alpinism.
There are higher sun
rising peak western states. Mount
i named by of Prof. J. D. Whitney
that It has peak In the I'nlted St<
u<ie, iii.zvz it-oi nnovo mo level of I
t was dim- dominated I>y Hcngalo,
1N7:'. Mount Shasta,
la Mount from tho Indian trlho fi
i) 1741, and snow and stiver crown
covery was Is perhaps ono of tho
or years a our country.
scientists. In Mexico, a land t
VI. Degclat, mother of volcanoes,
reciprocal mountains of interest,
aklng tiieir and lilstory. Orizaba, of
If. I,... . I. -
tid its loca- (Mountain of the Star),
,ater, Mala- ft beautiful lime-white c<
17,800 feet, The honor of being
geological peak belongs to an An
t. In 1880 noMs, second lieutenant
fates army attached to Scott's arm>
liliaR, Ho accompanied him, and <
while Pro- have included several :
^ -W j '1 "'" V^N
jr A* '**>
c - sxrou -tnt Avrnvst* show* mi
-y- tktlo. aut thl touovflka
sfen " colombia-so - ? "
uc|| " icuadok -1 ft m
83 ' ukit1 "iltan? ?? " "
h v??umla -i 1 - - ?
k'o attempts In 1890 ami
effort failed by a very
ir of conquering this giant
veil for the duke of the
lis stubborn problem of
f was making one of his
I t I I I I I ' r> I. IIWI III,
ivat peaks of Alaska an.l
>1 (ho Pacific slope in the
Mounts Whitney, Shasta,
>' caught the eye of tlio
, and the account of tho
, in t iiiiioriiiii is ;i most
ten story of tho first goo10
Sierras. Sierra is tho
llflos a mountain raiigo;
tho Castilian tonguo, an<l
geological formations bo?mblance
of their outlines
da mountains tho most
L Tyndall, named in honor
sclent is-.t. Tills peak is
dug tiie object of 0110 of
limbs in the history of
t was ascended bv (Mar
that time a member of
w,wSn,n nunrj ami IllMI
rs by Prof. Joslah Dwight
is roniarkablo In point of
nin Is but 14,380 foot In
r of (llftlouliios ovorcomo
"is aids used, a lasso and
^ wucu/ij uiiM|in; III UIU
limits than Tyn.lall in tljo
Whitney, named In honor
, is perhaps the highest
ites proper, being 1 1,502
tho sea. This height was
Lucas and Johnson In
Us name being derived
aste or Shastika, with Its
i shining in the clouds,
most beautiful peaks of
hat might ho called tho
wo find three majestic
both because of altitude
almost perfect geometric
Indians as "Citlaltepetl"
rises over IS,000 feetone.
the first up this glorious
lerlcan, William P. Heyof
engineers, who was
' In 1818. One Maynards
:in party Is supposed to
soldiers. ?. ?
Orizaba is a sacred mountain in Aztec myth
oiogy. Tho legend runs that Quetzaleo.atl, "Go<
of tho Air," an.i indeed the: great prophet an<
most important figure of the Toltec religion, cor
responding to Confucius in China, Mahomet it
India, and of whom the Messiah myth was alsc
^urrent, died at Coatzacoalcos and his body was
brought to Orizaba. I lis royal remains were con
sumed by a divine fire and his spirit flew heaven
? cn u mimi I HI' mi III CM a Of'(till 11 11 I I H'clCOC K .
Ixtaccihnat 1, the ruin of a volcano, might b1
known as tho despair of the American schoo
teacher, because of its seemingly unpronounce
able name. However, "white woman," for tha
is what the word means in the Aztec tongue, i
of saying, and if one pronounces Ixtacci
bnatt h-j if ' were written Is-tac see watl, it wil
bo close enough in view of our meager knowledgt
of this ancient idiom.
This mountain is IC.,200 feet high with a snov
line at 11,.100 feet, and Cortex was the lirst ICuro
pean to cross it when he passed to the vallej
of Mexico on his campaign <it" conquest. A (lor
man named Sonneschmidt dominated it in 177J
while almost a century later, in 1 s.j;5, a party o
Wen oh engineers rented sdonini'
And now wo come to that Vesuvius of Amor
lea, I'opocutnpetl, "111 o mountain of smoko," fo
such is the significance of (lie word in ihc Ian
guage of the A/.lees. It rises in glorious elevn
tion 17,7!'l feel above the sea, and although som
50 miles from the City of Mexico seems to statu
a sentinel al its very gates. Indian tradition ha
it that both I'onooatapetl ami fxtaccihnatl wer<
thrown up from tile plain after a violent earth
quake ami have attained their present height,
by the gradual piling up of lava and rocks afte
various eruptions. The last of tluse disturbance:
occurred in 1 S??ii.
To whom the honor of first surmounting IV
pocatapetl belongs is dillicult to determine, bu
^ >? y ??w?:?'
Vv''"'-'-'^ '( -v.r.-. }^i^r'l
" ,"" tfR*W'<"\/
Hon. William Sulzer, recently conquered tht
"mountain of smoke."
South of the isthmus are situated the mour
tain monarehs of the western world and it i
only within forty years that these geological j?rolj
lems have received the attention of ndventurou
scientists, although llumhohli made exploration
and ascents in South America as early as 1802
lit4 it was who attempted to scalo Chimborazc
'the white watcher of the western seas," bu
failed to get beyond 1!>,000 feet, a most notabl
achievement however. under the circumstances
determined to surmount their topmost heights)
Acancagua, tho highest of the An.l. in peak:
(23,080 feet), was the llrst to fall a^ a pri/.o t<
daring climbers, for Mr. IS. A. Fitzgerald, tin
English geologist, fitted out an expedition ii
1\'J7, and although personally compelled liv sdck
ness to abandon bis attempt to reach the summi
when within a short distance of realizing hi:
ambition, one of his companions, llurbriggen, tin
guide, went to the very apex, and later Mr. H
Vines and Santi Nicola, members of the Fitzger
aid expedition, also arrived at tho top. Later, li
1808, Kir Martin Conway, another Intrepid Kim
lish alpinist, made the ascent of Mount Acanca
gua and placed the peak Illimanl to bis frclit
Conway was not, however, content with this vie
tory, hut pushed on t<> placo Mount Sorato ot
his roll ot' Hrst ascents. ?
The nloi \ of its conquest belongs to that man
t?r of the Matterhoin, Edward Whymper, win
fought his way up the rugged, snow-clad shies ti
the top, 20.198 feet above the broad Pacific
Tlx* great mountains Antlsana and Cavanibji
both over 10,000 feet elevation, also succuntbet
to the untiring Whymper, and the record of hi
deeds of danger climbing in the equatorial Ando:
is a classic of the annals of geological explora
tion. After these colossi of the Cordilleras ha<
been conquered, the eyes of the alpinists lnrne<
southward, where still more lofty peaks of undo
termlned heights wore known to e\i t. In tin
great tahh'land of Chile stood cloud crested Aean
cagua, rising grandly to the skies, while Tupun
gato, lllimani, and Sorata still defied tlx1 mos
i wiuiuk ix wkmmt 11
How ol.l 's ii v :M? they're nskin',
An' they whi ]> r in our I'ars
Thnt they'll hih>h tmmaskln'
j Tho number of i y?-.u s.
'i'lu-y reokon it l?y i l ions.
Tlii>ir ti^nroH till w ill,
An' soni<> say it I.- I . . .1
l!ut kIio'k not ol 1 ai :i
| fOio's l>r!in<l now . tr.in'
In silver sunlight tli*. t
i "With J1??\v 1 >- for ad'iri.l'i'
1I?T path from oast \ > w< ;
Sin? Isn't ki'owln' dI t- r.
She's youiiK us younn i)
Though nn?' Is urowln" I? ?i 1 !*
' Kaoli day with you an" mo.
ITho (jooil r.npl sowln th^> showo;:),
Tlio sunshine nil' th?> dew,
Tito sweet breath o' the '.lowers
Knch ?lay t > inako her now?
i \vi;mi iii.' uumjuit us worthy
In tho ohlfn days
To rcfitly he eurthy
An' walk in newer ways.
I so.-. tho stars n-shinln'
I.iko Is every ni?ht.
Tho nv>rnin' glories twinln'
Kaih tnornln" In tho li^ht,
An' all thi.-..? tl in^.j together
Hlcnil with tin- :si>iilt ilsat's sung
In nil tho summer w-.ath'-r:
J Tho world's forever young.
I She's young ns when < rent ion
First felt tho pritn-il thrill.
When onrli star took it;; .station
* Aeconlln' to His will.
J She's brand now evi ry mornin'
4 In silver sunlight d^osaed,
wiiii nowcrs rot* arturnin'
I lor path from east to west.
I "To do this trick with cards," cx'
plained the parlor magician, "ycu
t must first slip the card selected upon
a the bottom of tho pack. Then, while
talking on .nine interesting subject,
1 you should peep at tlx? card. Having
J fixed it in your memory, you count ,
100, adding to that the number of
>' spots on the card, multiply this by 52
- and divide by four because there are j
>' 52 cards in the deck and four suits j
or car<h\ Take the result, subtract ]
13, becausc then; are that many cards ;
f in a suit, asl: tlio person who drew j
th<> card if he or she remembers what ;
it was, and then draw it from the botr
torn of the pack and show It to him I
'* or her."
"But," says one of the audience,
"wouldn't 1: b.^ j-.:c.t as eaty to tako
I it from the bottom at. the start?"
3 | "True, but wouldn't you rob the
J feat of all its mystery?"
r Her Desire.
, "Hut I toll you f can't afford It."
I protests the husband. "Can't you pot
3 that new hat oft' your mind for one
"I don't want It off my mind," ox
3 plains tbo suffering wife. "I want to
, got It over my mind."
Getting His Money's Worth.
"My Uncle Silas," says th?* man
9 with the mole on his ear, "was one of
9 the most saving men that over lived.
1 Hut even with all his economical
traits ho never objected to my aunt's
' having everything sho wished en the
table at Thanksgiving, making, howJ
over, ono st ipnlation."
"What, was that?" asked the man
with the confiding air
^ T'ifit lii> uhniild li'ivn . '?
him while ho ate, bo that ho would
* ccein to ho getting twii as much as
1 thero was on the table "
t "Oi l you enjoy tho advantage of a
s roll<;:> education?" asks tho Inter3
vh'\M.r of the man who has suddenly
"I'lv.l df |h nds upon hou yon look
i r.t it," replies the eminent person.
"My oitler hiothor went to college
and ho always sent homo his cast off
tennis sul.-s and other clothing, and
1 had to vcar thorn. Hut I can't say
1 that I really enjoyed it."
Singer and Actor, Values Doan*3 Kidney
Mr. Jurvis, who is one of America's
leading baritones, played the part of
lllA "fM.I 1- - -
viuuiuu m Hie rair co-K'l
t Company with Klsio
Janis. lie writes:
"For ;i long time I
w a s troubled with
backache. I consulted
some of the
most prominent physicians
was ndvised to try
Doan's Kidney Pills,
ind felt benefited soon alter b
:iing to take them. Continued uho
?iirorl ?>w? ,./k???%.i-?? 1 "
ujiu|'ir-ni,v. i cinermiiy
recommend thorn to any ouo Biifforint;
ivith kidney trouble."
Remember the name?Doan's. For
sale by all ri'alers. DO cents a box.
Foster-Mi lburn Co., liuffalo, N. Y.
Some men aro Kelt-made and sumo
Dthers are wifi made.
For <?>!.,?>* ami
niolts' CMMriiiNK is th?* I ii s t rciiifilv r?"?
v.?' i?-ii i hi; XPVi?rittl lioss eillVH tllO
>i?! ami r^stoiM's normal 11 Ions. l :' -?
i'jui 1 ?*!Tei*tH linuicdlutly. U'c., &V., and 50o.
\t drut? Hior?:s.
jpp25" | Co li f t-<c"
Th?' Friend?Your now patent medicine
seems to have gain <1 a great reputation
for curing people. To what
do you attribute its groat curative
Tho l!oss?To extensive and judicious
How Lightning Splits Trees.
Lightning makes trees explode, liku
overcharged boilers. The flame of the
lightning does not burn them up. nor
does tiio eleetric Hash split them like
an ax. The bolt flows through into all
the d;:mp interstices of the trunk and
into the hollows under its bark. All
the moisture at onto is turned Into
steam, which by its immediate explosion
rips (-pen the tree. Fur centuries
this simple theory puzzled scientists,
but they have got it right at last
English as She Is Sockp.
Chinatown Visitor ?John, sabee, see
screen?how much subee want for
The Chinaman What's tho matter
with you? Can't you s;<ak English? Judge.
Husband?Your wife doesn't appear
to bo in very Rood humor
His Friend ?No, she thinks I've invited
you to dinner. .lean Qui Hit.
Why so many people j
have ready - at - hand a
The quick, easy serving
right from the package
requiring oniy me addition
of cream or good milk is
an important consideration
when breakfast must be
ready "on time."
The sweet, criso food is I
universally liked by children,
and is a great help to (
Mothers who must give to 1
the youngsters something
wholesome that they relish.
The economical feature
appeals to everyone particularly
those who wish
to keep living expenses
within a limit.
Post Toasties are espe
dally pleasing served with
fresh sliccd peaches.
"The Memory Lingers"
Tostiiin Coroal Co., Ltd.
Jl.iUlo Creek, Mich,
^ H?^jui L i wiani Mi? i? ii i i i Miawi i **