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NC'LR SAM'S newest and ^===i
'ilnost Interesting submami
tlonal Interest Just now ?
h I 11B and Is hailed on both
|h I I 1 n Hides of the Atlantic as ?
' m P J# the most remarkablo
Kubniarlno boat In tho *> v^-r?t
world. This fame Is due
to tho Salmon's rocent record-breaking
cruise from the Atlantic coast to Bermuda
and return?a deep-sea voyage ^
Buch us lias had no parallel In the history
of under-water craft. The crulao
to Bermuda was not only tho first
cruise by a Bubinarlno to a foreign
port or ont of sight of land, but It
was the longest virtually continuous
run ever attempted by such a vessel.
The total distance covered aggregated M
nearly 1,700 miles and, as It happened, M
the little vessel encountered very
(rough weather during a considerable t
Ijmrt of the trip. m
Not only did this nautical excur- t
pivm CDiauiIMI ii iiuw lucuru liir vu?- gB
pels of the American navy, but It ?ur- B
paused all foreign achievements. Tho gj
bent performances previously record- mt""-.-i?m1
by American vessels of this type .
Kvas found In the run of the submatrino
Viper from Cape Lookout to Ann- jjj >. ,
apolls, Md., a <IlHt:ince of about 483
knots, and the cruise of a flotilla of I submarines
from New York to Annap* - *
olis, a distance of 285 knots. Among ^ I'
the foreign performances of such veseels
tbore stands out^h^d^of^^^^^^^^
Of=- f?fr-COf?D - C/T [
S3 f?f-flK/NCi C/?Utj?r
English submarines of about the same size is
the Salmon, which made tho coastwise run from
Dover to Dundee, a distance of r>12 miles, and tho
famous performance of the French submarine
I'apin, which on one occasion made a cruise of
1,200 miles. However, this French achievement
Is overshadowed by the Salmon's cruise becauso
not only was tho distance of tho latter much
greater, but it was an open sea performance,
!whereas tho Papln cruised along tho coast, and,
finally, the French vessel Is much larger than
the new American record-breaker, the Papin holing
of 550 tons displacement, whereas tho Salmon
is of but 320 tons displacement.
Tho Salmon, alike to most of tho submarines
i which havo lately been added to tho United
'states navy, Is a development of tho original
Holland type of submarine which first gave tho
Americans tho lead In this class of shipbuilding.
The Salmon is 135 feet in length by 14 feet beam
land Is a twin-screw boat, being driven on tho
Jnurfaco by two gasoline engines of 300 horsojpower
each and propelled when submerged by
electrical power vupplied from storage batteries.
Uy way of fulfilling her mission of destruction
the little vessel has four torpedo tubes equipped
to fire tho latest type of torpedo?that is, a tornoHn
17 foi>t in U>ni/th atuI IK ln<r*hna In /llntnnhip
having a radius of 4,000 yards and carrying an
explosive charge of 2oo pounds of guncotton. On
her cruise to Bermuda l ho Salmon carried a
crow of 21 men. but It was demonstrated on this
icruiso that under actual service conditions such
>a submarine can be operated, in so far as navigation
is concerned, by live men?two on the
4 Jbrldge and three in the engine room.
The Salmon Is capable of a speed of I t knots
Iper hour when running awash or on the surface
'of the water and 12 knots per hour when running
wholly submerged. Only three minutes In re quired
to change from surface running by gasolllno
engines to submerged running by electrical
Ipower. The ves?el has. on trial, dived to a depth
iof more than 200 feet without any sign of Htraln
'or leakage l>elng manifest anywhere on her steel
cigar-shaped body. A unique feature of tho equipment
of an up-to-date submarine such as tho
Balmon, Is a double periscope whereby, when
tho vessel Is wholly submerged tho officers on
'board can observo all that 1h going on at the
surfaco of the water. IClectrlcal ranges are proIvl
'/iGd eo^king the meals of thoso on board,
iAno the 11 reoorvo supply of 4,800 cubic feet
In 2X taiikit. ho that If need ho
tbo vOBSGl could bo "sealed up" tight and remain
under tho surface ef the water for 0110 or two
aays and nights without those on hoard having
any communication with tho outsldo world or
coming to tho surface for fresh air. On tho
.Salmon's Bermuda cruise there wore on board, In
jnddltlon to tho officers of the American navy,
'('apt. Arturo Cuevas of tho Chilean navy, who
!went for tho purpose of reporting to his govornlincnt
on tho behavior of the vessel.
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Modern submarine boats ftro of tvso typos, tho
submerged ami tho Bubmerglblo. 'J'bo submerged
when lti light cruising condition moves with only
a small percentage of tho hull above tho water;
tho submersible cruises on tho surface much
like ?n ordinary torpedo boat, which It resembles
externally. Tho difference In principle between
tho two types Is slight, but in construction details
It Is very marked. The submerged boats
nro usually nearly cylindrical with pointed ends,
tho general shape being much like that of a
Whitehead torpedo. Submergence Is effected by
admitting water to tho ballast tanks or by means
of inclined rudders, or both. Submergihlo boats
navo xwo nuiis, ono inside 1110 other. ine outer
hull resembles closely that of the ordinary torpedo
boat, but has as few projections as possible
rising from tho general outlino, in order to prosent
a smooth surfaco when submerged, lusldo
this thero la a second hull of nearly circular
cross-section and as large as tho shape of tho
outer boat permits. To effect submergence water
first admitted to tho space between tho hulls,
find this brings tho boat to tho "awash" condition.
Further submergence Is effected by permitting
the ballast tanks to fill.
When or by whom was built tho first submarine
boat will probably never bo known. It Is
said that Alexander tho Great was Interested In
submarine navigation, while subaqueous attacks
of v jsels was studied at least a? early as tho
thirteenth or fourteenth contury. M. Dolpeuch
states that some English ships were destroyed
in 1372 by flro carried under water. In the
early part of tho seventeenth century subtnarlno
boats were numerous, and In 1G2I Cornelius Van
Drebbol exhibited to King James I. on tho
Thames n submarine boat of his own design. Uy
1727 no less than fourteen types of submarines
had been patented In England alone. In 1771
Day began experiments with a submarlno boat
at Plymouth, England, losing his life lit tho'
second suhmorgenco trial. In tho following 'ear
David Hushnell built his first boat, with which
fiprcAnnf T -4?n nftn/?Uo<1 II HT <J a ? ?
York harbor. Loo actually not under the ship,
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^O&WR/NE-, ThE~c5fll MON y il 1
aim tiie attack failed only bccause tho screw hy
which the torpedo was to be attached to tho
Ragle's bottom was not sharp enough. Robert
Fulton's experiments In Franco and America
(1T'J5-1812) demonstrated that a vessel could
bo built which could descend to any given dej th
ami reascend at will. Plunging mechanism was
devised about the middle of the eighteenth century,
but Pulton developed the vertical and horizontal
rudders and provided for the artificial supi,t
v (i | r A r\f nor) a r* r\i \ n ovlofn.l lltO*'
anil an improved kind was patented In 1774; in
185-1 Davy ntill further developed it, Phillips'
wooden boat on Lake Erie was crushed by the
water pressure, and the samo fate befell Ilauer'a
Iron boat Plongeur-Marin at Kiel In isr.0 In 18G3
McCIlntock and llowgate built a seiul-subinarlno
iwuiu-prupeneu uoiii iur un> uuuck oh iiu1 ieuer?u
fleet. but It sank four times, each tlmo drowning
the entire crew of eight men. In the samo
year several larger boats propelled by engines
woro commenced In ICurope, and these at intervals
were followed by others designed by llovgaard,
Goubet, Zede, Nordenfeidt, Tuck, Holland
and others, Tho French navy began experimenting
with submarine boats about 1SS5. The Gymnote
was built In 1888 and the Gustavo Zede In
1893. The Morse was commenced In 1894, but
remained uncompleted until 1899, pending addl- j
tlonal experiments with the Gynmoto and tho
Zede. In that year tho construction of submarines
was actively commenced, ten being
launched In 1901.
All London Is talking about the startling ex- ]
hlbltlons of speed given by a little boat on tho !
names ami at Bournemouth. The boat waa seen I
racing up and down the river at what seemed a j
terrific speed, darting along by leapa and bounds, j
Just as a shark chases a fish scudding between
wind and water. Thn Impression sho left was 1
not so much that of power, for sho was such a !
nilto of a tiling, only 2G feet long, aa of vicious j
and desperate energy. Crowds of people gathered
along the embankment to watch hor, won- J
ilortng whence In her tiny body this overpowor- j
Ing energy could come.
It baa since been divulged that sho is the Ml- I
ran da IV., tho latent experiment In skim boats,
or, as they are called technically, hydroplanes,
by tho veteran ICngllsh inventor, Sir John Thornycroft.
Compared with anything near her size, tho
Miranda IV. is certainly the fastest craft afloat.
Her exact speed is not known, but 6he has several
times done well over 34 knots an hour, and
hits decisively beaten the Columbine at Uourne*
mouth, the only other craft whVch could lay
claim to a record in her class. Hut It is not only
for this terrific speed that the Miranda IV. is
remarkable. Sho is tho most seaworthy craft of
hf>r ?!'/ > I lint lina hrtr>?i
GOES UP LIKE A ROCKET
nnmfs nnwN i ikp a stim
METEORIC CAREER OF MAY
YOHE, ONCE THE SENSATION
OF TWO CONTINENTS.
San Francisco.?Formerly the wife
of a lord and the talk of two continents,
now destitute not only of
money but of reputation, May Yohe
lieu In a hospital here at death's door.
Death from paralysis, the doctors in
charge Bay, le only a matter of a
ehort while, and thon for all that la
mortal of May Yohe a grave In Pottor's
No stranger life story has ever been
told than that of this one-time idolized
stage favorite. Horn near San Francisco,
as a child her beautiful volco
was greatly admired, but no one who
saw her pretty face In the church
rliolr dreamed that her actions, Bonsa'.ional
and unwomanly, would at one
tlmo engngo the attention of virtually
I ho nutlrn u?nrK1
When rho was vory, very young?
that is youhk from tho point of vlow
of ordinary, normal mortals?May was
taken to Now York?city of her
dreams?to "go on tho stage." Sho
made a tremendous hit in Now York,
and duplicated it in London. Society
(locked to hear her sing and play
hoys' parts?a favorite rolo. Sho was
pronounced hy all to be "stunning."
At the hlght of her success sho met
Lord Francis Hope. Ho became Infauated
in a twinkling. Ills mother,
tho Duchess of Newcastle, had left
him a large fortune, and ho stood to
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<1<1<I1I. III*; UUIYI-IIWIII MIIMIIII I11S fllllT
brother, tlio Duko of Nowcastlo, <1 to
without a son. Young Lord Francis
spout thousands of dollars in financing
May Yohe in now plays, and showered
inoro than ? 10,000 worth of Jewels
upon hor. Finally ho proposed inarrlago,
and was aocoptod. Thoy worn
married in The llopo family
was furious, hut Lord Francis declared
it was liis own affair and that
he would brook no interferenco.
May Yohe had been Lady Francis
in>|K* iur seven years. .Mcanwmio
Putnam Hradiee Strong, son of former
Mayor William Strong, of Now York,
returned from (tie Philippines, whom
ho served in the gallant Sixty-ninth
New York Regiment. Lady Francis
Hope was In San Francisco, still on
the stage and fit the height fj>f her
hoauty. Lord Hope had gono hack to |
Knglaud. Captain Strong and Lady
The hoy captain was smitten with
the charms of the actress. They were
seen together everywhere. Then camo
a scandal that shocked two continents.
May Yoho flung everything to tho
wind?her title, position on tho stage, I
her caroor, her liusbaml. Sho ran
away with Stronpc. As for Stronir. his
sacrifice was as Kroat. Ho lost his I
social position, tlio affection of his
family, and had lo give up his commission
in the army. In tho meanI
lino, Lord Francis procured ,1 divorce,
and Capt. Strong marrlod May Yoho.
Strong afterwards loft her and for
somo years she dropped out of public
notice and It was only recently that
tho news went abroad from San Francisco
that May Yoho was sinking in
10-cont vaudovllle houses. When last
heard from Strong was running a
gambling house In Macoa. China.
From a lowly origin to tho hlghta of
artistooratic Boeloty circles and moneyed
ease?and thou a fall stop by
stop until tho bottom rung of tho laddor
was reached. That Is the. story
of tho 1!fo of May Yoho, now waiting
quietly for death In tho 'Frisco hospital.
Hog Bite Kills Man.
Hartford, Conn. John IT. Rartlett, a
farmer, la do ad at his home in Dalton,
fin tho roRiilt of a hoe bito. Ho was
attacked by the hog, a white Chester
hoar, weighing 400 pounds, and received
a slight wound In his leg before
he could escape. The leg soon began
to swell badly nnd blood polRon developed.
At Sheffield, another nearby
town. I'aul Jonas Is under the care of
Kurgoona with a flovere caao of blood
poisoning which followed ft mosquito
bito in tho nnkle. If will bo nooosBary
to amputato hia foot
m I ri inn i -rm mm
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JBJV.D Z?ZZJ'? T/MJVIf rSf^VTJl <
I Cr4'T JUC'Jf QLTJC'SS ,
-r^l'V/INCr 27i? ';
I .aura Joan l.ibbey, discussing In
Brooklyn her successful appearance
on the stage, said:
"I talk in my monologue about love,
marrlago and tin* other interests <>:"
tho heart. On t hese subjects women,
especially young women, art; strangely
"Tliey really make im' think, you
know, of thi' lit lit* girl who was asked
by her teacher:
" 'What can you tell us about Solomon?'
"'Solomon.' replied the little g.rl,
'was very fond of animal"
'And how. my dear,' . I the to.teller,
'do you make that out
" because.' answeied the little girl,
'the Bible says lie had .">??') porcu*
COFFEE WAS iT.
People Slowly Learn the F.icts.
"All my lif'1 I have boon such a
Klavo to coffee that the very aroma
of it was enough to set my nofves
quivering. I kept gradually losing my
health but I used to say 'Nonst-nse, it
Ai in' f li in*t inn '
"Slowly 1 was forced to admit tlio
truth and tlie final result was that my
whole nervous force was shattered.
"My heart became weak an ! uncertain
in its action and that frightened
me. Finally my physician told me,
about u year ago, that 1 must stop
drinking coffee or I could never expect
to ho well again.
"1 was in despair, for the very
tliougnt 01 tno medicines i naa tried
bo many tlmoh nauseated me. I
thought of Postuin but could hardly
bring myself to givo up the coffee
"Finally I concluded that 1 owed It
to myself to give Postuin a trial. So I
got a package and carefully followed
the directions, and what a delicious,
nourishing, rich drink it was! Do you
know I found it very ea.-iy to shift
from coffeo to Postum and not mind
tho change at all ?
"Almost immediately after T mnrln
tho change 1 found myself bettor, and
as the days wont by I kept <m Improving.
My nerves grew sound and
steady, I slept well and felt strong
and well-balanced all tho time.
"Now 1 am completely cured, with
the old nervousness and sickness all
gone. In every way I am well onco
It pays to give up tho drink that
acts on some like a poison, for health
is the greatest fortune ono can have.
uoatl tho in tin book, "Tlio Koad to
Wellvllle," Jn ]>kgs. "Thore's a Reason.''