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\rru r? o a vf?c? * ?nu/n?t find -?i
1 * O/llU U MW?? ? ? _
moat Interesting subma- '
jj| |B| t tional intereat Juat now '
and Is liatled on both
H I I 1 R nidos of the Atlantic as *>
the moat remarkablo -*
Kubinarlno boat In tho
-*-?i world. This famo la duo ^
to tho Salmon's rocent record-breaking <r
crulao from tho Atlantic coast to Hermuda
and return?a deep-sea voyage
fiuch aa baa had no parallel In the hlatory
of under water ornft. The crulao
to Mermuda was not oniy ma moi
cruise by a submarine to a foreign
port or out of Bight of land, but It
was the longest virtually continuous
run ever attempted by such a vessel.
The total distance covered aggregated %
nearly 1,700 inllos and, as It happened,
tho little vessel encountered very
(rough weather during a conslderaole Jf
Ijmrt of the trip. M
Not only did this nautical excur- M
Jtelon establish a now record for vos- g
pels of the American navy, but it sur- B ^
passed all foreign achievements. Tho
host performances previously recordtod
by American vessels of this typ? pvas
found In the run of the subma- .
trine Viper from Cnpo Lookout to Ann- Ej ^
apolls, Md., a distance of nbont 483
knots, and the cruise of a flotilla of .
submarines from Now York to Annap- K**
olis, a distance of HS5 knots. Anions ^,1. .
the foreign performances of such veseels
there stands out the refcord of
" .. j
/ OFF-t C?RS rL%n~
English submarines of about tbo same size as
the Salmon, which made the coastwise run from
Dover to Dundee, a distance of r? 12 miles, and tbo
famous performance of the French submarine
Papin, wbicb on one occasion made a cruise of
1.200 miles. However thin French Achievement
Is overshadowed by tho Salmon's cruise because
jnot only was tbo distance of tho latter much
greater, but It was an open sea performance,
whereas tho Papln cruised along tho coast, and,
finally, the French vessel Is much larger than
the new American record-breaker, tho I'apln being
of 550 tons displacement, whereas tho Salmon
Is of but 320 tons displacement.
Tho Salmon, alike to most of the submarines
i which have lately been added to tho United
; States navy, Is a development of tho original
Holland type of submarine which first gave tho
Americans the load In this class of shipbuilding.
Tkn C2??1 ninn I u 1 font In liwu/tli Kv 1 J ta.t l?anm
I ... ... .^..r,... .. .......
Iand Is a twin-screw boat, bolus driven on the
'.surface by two gasoline engines of 300 horse(power
each and propelled when submerged by
vlectrlcal power supplied from Btorago batteries.
By way of fulfilling her mission of destruction
the little vessel lias four torpedo tubes equipped
to fire the latest typo of torpedo?that Is, a torpedo
17 feet in length and 18 Inches in diameter,
having a radius of 4,000 yards and carrying an
explosive charge of 200 pounds of guncotton. On
IHT cruise lo Mfi iiiuuu inn nuiimui cm i n-(i tt
crew of 21 nion, but It was demonstrated on thl?
icruiso I hat under actual service conditions such
>a submarine can bo operated, in bo far aa navigation
Is concerned, by llvo men?two on the
* (bridge and three In the engine room.
The Salmon 1b capable of a speed of 11 knots
Ipor hour when running awafdi or on the surface
!of the water and \'i knots per hour when running
wholly submerged. Only three minutes Is ro quired
to change from surfaco running by gasolilno
engines to submerged running by electrical
(power. The vessel baa, on trial, dived to a dopth
I of more than ?,00 feet without any sign of Btraln
'or leakage being manifest anywhere on her ateol
clgar-snapeu Dony. /\ uuuiuo Kiauun ?i m|ui|>ment
of an up-to-date submarine such aw tho
Salmon, 1h a double periscope whoroby, when
tho vessel Is wholly submerged tho officers on
'board can observe all that 1h going on at the
surfaco of the water. Electrical ranges aro proIvl^ied
*?p r<>r,'<'n8 tho mealtt of thoso on board,
AAno tin 11 reserve supply of -1,800 cubic feet
of air, contained In 28 tanks, so that If need bo
tho \obbo1 could bo "scaled up* tight and remain
under tho surface of the water for one or two
aays and nights without thoso on board having
' any communication with tho outside world or
coming to tho surfaco for fresh air. On tho
;8almon's Bermuda crulso there were on board, In
[addition to tno omcura m mu /?..iuiiunu
Tapt. Arturo Caevaa of the Chilean navy, wl?o
.'went for tho purpose of reporting to his govornIxnent
on tlio behavior of the vessel.
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Modern submarine boats t\ro of two types, the
nubnierged and the submcrglble. The submerged
WUCI1 111 I1K"1 CrUlBlIIK CUIIUlllUII UlUVt-n M nil wmjr
a small percentage of tlio hull above tho water;
tho submerglblo cruises on tho surfaco much
llko an ordinary torpedo boat, which it resembles
externally. Tho difference In principle between
tho two types Is slight, but In construction details
It Is very marked. Tho submerged boats
aro usually nearly cylindrical with pointed ends,
tho general shape being much llko that of a
Whitehead torpedo. Submergence la effected by
admitting water to tho ballast tanks or by means
of Inclined rudders, or both. Submerglblo boats
have two hulls, ono Inside the other. The outer
bull resembles closelv that of the ordinary tor
pedo boat, but bus aa few projections as possible
rising from tho general outline, In order to prosent
a smooth surfaco when submerged. Inside
this there Is a second bull of nearly circular
cross-section and as largo as tho shape of the
outer boat permits. To effect submergence water
first admitted to tho space between tho hulls,
and this brings tho boat to tho "awash" condition.
Further submergence Is effected by permitting
the ballast tanks to fill.
When or by whom was built tho first submarine
boat will probably never bo known. It la
Bald that Alexander tho Great, was lntorostod M
submarine navigation, whllo subaqueous attacks
of vessels was studied at least aa early as the
thirteenth or fourteenth century. M. Delpeuch
states that some English ships were destroyed
In 1372 by fire carried under water. In tho
early part of tho seventeenth century submarine
boats were numerous, and In 1021 Cornelius Van
Drebbol exhibited to King James I. on tho
Thames a submarine boat of his own design. Uy
1727 no less than fourteen types of submarines
had been patented in England alone. In 1774
Day began experiments with a subinarlno boat
at Plymouth, England, losing his lift? In tho'
second submergenco trial. In tho following year
David Hushnell built his first boat, with which
Sergeant Iajo attacked H. M. a. lCaglo in New
York harbor. Loo actually got under tho skip,
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Qg SflU^lON b;
UMCLd- S/JM'J NEr\\)?-ST 7 |Bl I ;'
TME-J All \b( !
.nil the attack failed only because the screw by
vhloh the torpedo was to bo attached to tho
Sable's bottom was not sharp enough. Robert.
^il ton's experiments In Franco and America
il7'jr?1812) demonstrated that a vessel could
1)0 built which could descend to any given depth (
and rcascend at will. Plunging mechanism was ,
ilevised about tho middle of tho eighteenth cen- (
tury, but Fulton developed the vertical and horizontal
rudders and provided for the artificial supply
of air. A form of periscope existed in 1G92
and an improved kind was patented In 1774; In
1854 Davy still further developed it. Phillips'
wooucn boat on i-uKe i.ne was crusneu u.> mu
water pressure, and the same fate befell Hauer's
iron boat IMongeur-Marin at Kiel In lSf>0 In 1SC3
McCllntock and Howgato built a seml-submarlno
hand-propelled boat fur the attack on the federal
fleet, but It batik four times, each time drowning
the entire crew of eight men. In the same
year several larger boats propelled by engines
were commenced in Kurope, and those at intervals
were followed by others designed by Hov
gaard, (loubet, Zede, Nordenfeldt, Tuck, Holland
and others. Tho French navy began experimenting
with submarino boats about 18S5. Tho Gymnoto
was built In 1888 and tho Gustavo Zede In ;
1893. Tho Morse was commenced In 1894, but
remained uncompleted until 1899, pending additional
experiments with the Gymnote and tho
Zede. in that year tho construction of submarines
was actively commenced, ton being |
launched in 1901.
All London Is talking about the startling exhibitions
of speed given by a little boat ou tho
Thames and at Bournemouth. The boat was seen
racing up and down the river at what seemed a
terrlflr speed, darting along by leaps and bounds,
1nnt as a shark rluiHen a tlsh urml.l I ru' tietweon
wind and water. The JmprosBlon Bho left wan !
not so much that of power, for sho wiw Buch a
nilto of ii thing, only 2G foot long, n? of vicious
and desperate energy. Crowds of people gathered
along tho embankment to watch her, wondering
whence in her tiny body this overpowering
energy could come.
It hn.s since been divulged that she is tho Miranda
IV., tho latest experiment in skim boats,
or, as they are called technically, hydroplanes,
by the veteran Knglish inventor, Sir John Thornycroft.
Compared with anything near her size, tho
Miranda IV. is certainly the fastest craft atloat.
Her exact speed is not known, but she has several
times done well over 31 knots an hour, and
has decisively beaten the Columbine at llourne*
mouth, the only other craft which could lay
claim to a record In her class. Hut It Is not only
for this terrific speed that the Miranda IV. Ib
remarkable. Kho Is the most seaworthy craft of
her size that has been constructed.
DES UP LIKE A ROCKET I
COMES DOWN LIKE A STICK 1
ETEORIC CAREER OF MAY
VOHE, ONCE THE SENSATION
OF TV/O CONTINENTS.
Ban Francisco.?Formerly the wife /
a lord and the talk of two contl- ^
autB, now destitute not only of
oney but of reputation, May Yohe
es In a hoBpltal hero at death's door. 1!
eath from paralysis, the doctors In
large say, 1b only a matter of a
lort while, and thon for all that la
lortal of May Yohe a grave In Pot- 6
No straugor life Btory haB ever been
)ld than that of this one-time Idolized
tago favorite. Horn near San FranIsco,
as a child her beautiful volco
a8 greatly admired, but no one who
aw her pretty face In tho church
rlioir dreamed that her actions, senRational
and unwomanly, would at one
tlino engage the attention of virtually
the entire world.
When she was very, very young?
that is young from the point of view
taken to New York?city of her
dreams?to "go on the stage." Sho
made a tremendous lilt In New York,
and duplicated it In London. Society
(locked to hear her sing and play
boys' parts?a favorite role. Sho was
pronounced by all to be "stunning."
At the bight of her success sho met
Lord Francis Hope, lie became Infauated
In a twinkling. His mother,
the Duchess of Newcastle*, had left
him a large fortune, and ho stood to
Inherit the dukedom should his elder
brother, tlio Duke of Nowcastlo, dio
without a son. Young Lord Francis
spoilt thousands of dollars In financing
May Yoho In now plays, and showered
more than ? 10,000 worth of Jewels
upon her. Finally ho proposed marriage,
and was accepted. They worn
married In is;i:;. The llopo family
was furious, but Lord Francis de- j
dared it was his own affair and that
he would b ook no interference.
May Yoho had been Lady Francis
Hope for seven years. Meanwhile
l'utnam Hradlec Strong, son of former
Mayor \\ illiain Strong, of New York,
returned from the Philippines, whero
lit) served In the gallant Sixty-ninth j
Now York Regiment Lady Francis
Hope was In San Francisco, still on ]
tlio stage fin.l nt the 1u?IkI>t #rf>f her j
beauty. Lord Hope had gono back to i
Knglmul. Captain Strong and Lady '
Tlio hoy captain was smitten with
the charms of the actress. They were
seen together everywhere. Then camo
a scandal that shocked two continents.
\Tnv Yoho flnnc cvervthlntr to
' ' " ' " I
wind?her title, position on thn stage,
her career, her husband. Sho run
away with Strong. As for Strong, his
sacrifice was as groat. Ho lost, his
social position, tho affection of his
family, and had to give up his com*
nilsslon In tho army. In tho meantime,
I/ord Francis procured a dlvorco,
and Capt. Strong married May Yoho.
Strong afterwards loft lior and for
sotno years slu> dropped out of public
notice and It was only recently that
the news went abroad from San Francisco
that May Yoho was singing: In
10-cent vaudevlllo houses. When lawt
heard from Strong was running a
gambling house In Macon, China.
From a lowly origin to tho hights of
artistooratlc society circles and moneyed
ease?and then a fall step by
stop until the bottom rung of the ladder
was reached. That is the story
of tho lifo of May Yohe, now waiting
quietly for death in tho 'Frisco hospital.
Hog Bite Kills Man.
Hartford, Conn. John H. Ilartlett, a
farmer, la doad at his homo In Dalton,
an the result of a hog bite. Ho was
attacked by tho hog, a white OhoBter
boar, weighing 400 pounds, and received
a Blight wound In his leg boforo
ho could escape. Tho leg soon began
to swoll badly nnd blood poison devol
opod. At Sbdflleid, another nearby
town, Paul Jonas Is under the care of
j Burgoons with a Bovore caso of blood
I poisoning which followed a monqulto
blto In (ho nnklo. It will bo ncooasary
| to amputato his foot.
o /' Ai^sm> Sr
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"Ilefore I began using Cascarets I had
. bad complexion, pimples on my face,
nd my food was not digested as it should
lave been. Now I am entirely well, and
he pimples have all disappeared from my
ace. I can truthfully say that Cascarets
r#? iiiqI nn n/lvort'cpil* I have takril OIllv
wo l?)xc9 of them."
Clarence R. Griffin, Sheridan, Ind.
Pleasant, Palatable, Potent, Taste Good.
T>.) ?.< ??<!. Never Sicken. Weaken or Gripe,
lilc. 50c. Never soM In bulk. The tenui:iu
tablet stampe<l C C Gua.rautee.,1 to
cure or your money back.
i ^the best medicine i
for Coughs 6 Colds
/ im?u JI z?r oTjjrzi v szfrr
J//i? 12/INJf rsftiTKZ JJJAX<iCi>
JIjVD ^4ZJ? r/umr 77f?VTZ
<7sr JiJc'/r Qi/sc&r
o y r'or /orrrhj^ 'fij it Doncrr?.* '
I,aura .Iran l.iblxy, discussing In
Brooklyn hrr siifiressl'ul appearand
on the stage, said:
"1 talk in my monologue about lovo,
niarrlago and the other interests of
the heart. On thesie subjects womon,
especially young women, are strangely
"They really make me think, you
know, (if t he little girl v, ho was asked
i>y her teacher:
\\ ii;u t nil > u i i n .1
"'Solomon,' roplk-d tin' little grl,
'was very fond of ;iniin;i',~
" And how, illy <lf?ar,' .-:?!<! tlu> toarhor,
'do you make tliat o\11
"'liecauso,' answrifd tli<> littlo Kir!,
'(1h> Hihlo says In- had r>00 ponui?
yinos ' "
COFFEE WAS iT.
People Slowly Learn t^c Facts.
"All my 111" I linvo born such a
filavo to coffee that tho very aroma
of It was enough to set my nerves
qulvcrirtK. I kept gradually losing my
health but I used to say 'Xonsfriiao, If.
don't hurt mo.'
"Slowly I was forced to admit the
truth and tho final n suit was that my
whole nervous force was shattered
"My heart. Imcamo weak and uncertain
in its action and that frightened
me. Finally my physician told me,
about a year ago, that I must stop
drinking coffco or I could never ox*
poet to be well again.
"1 was in despair, for tho very
thought of tho medicines I bad tried
so many times nauseated me. I
thought of Postuin but could hardly
bring myself to give up the coffee
"Finally 1 concluded that 1 owed it
to myself to give Postuin a trial. So I
got a package and carefully followed
tho directions, and what a delicious,
nourishing, rich drink it was! Do you
know l found It very easy to shift
from coffee to Postura and not mind
tho change at all?
"Almost Immediately after T made
tho change 1 found myself better, and
as the days went hy 1 kept on Improving.
My nerves grew sound and
steady, 1 slept well and felt strong
and well-balanced all tho time.
"Now I am completely cured, with
tho old nervousness and sickness all
gone, in every way 1 am well once
It pays to give lip tho drink that
acts on some 11 ko a poison, for health
ia thn nran#r>nt fnrMmn avia rnn )i;lvp
Road tho littlo book, "Tho Road to
Wellvllle," In pUgs. "There's a Reason."