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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1909-1911, November 17, 1910, Image 7

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218673/1910-11-17/ed-1/seq-7/

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Onthefir
fM" *"V 1IE modern battleship Is / 3^
^ a marvel of concentra- > _ /jj->
Hon and space economy. ^
MKm Thero Is no room for
\?|[ things purely ornamen- iffinf
L$S|) tol, but every foot of *
- in? KI'aco 's used to some
'fj^zlr purpose In connection
with the storage or opqfifi
oration of the myriad ad- \k
juncta necessary for the ?
work, the safety and the MQfjk lj
comfort of the hundreds of men who
crowd oik; of these Moating fortresses. ijf '
If one were to choose, however, tlio J'
one section of a battleship which u .
ubovo all others Is a veritable nest of Hj^J|
*von(lera ami surprises cuoicw wuum
unhesitatingly fall upon tln> "bridge"? '' '
that elevated structure which Is so ;
appropriately named and which extends
the full width of the deck on the
forward part of the ship?in front of ' i
the huge smokestacks, as a "land lub- ? fflt
ber" might designate Us location. ^
For one thing, we Mid on tho \ /
bridge an evtn greater array than any- ) fctf/)h
"where else on the ship of those re- I I7~A!3LImarkable
mechanical ami electrical II 7~Htr U.
devices which do so much of the C2??
work on shipboard that would seem
to require human intelligence. Hut
the bridge lias in addition a special
significance which multiplies
"many times its importance and tho
Interest of its equipment. It is the
"nerve center" of the ship, the seat of
authority and command which directs
all the operations within the bounds
of tho big armorclad, and also the intelligence
office through which this
warship community communicates
other vessels of the fleet and, indeed,
with the entire outside world.
Under ordinary conditions when
the battleship is cruising at sea, participating
in battle drill or target prac
titse or engaged In any of the other
important functions of a sea warrior
the captain commanding, the navlgatlng
officer and other responsible ofllclnla
of the ship have their positions
on the bridge. In time of actual battle //A
those directing heads of tlie lighting //
machine would not expose themselves II 4mlTl
on the bridge, but they would not bo //
far away. Sheltered by conning tow- // 3$$
crs or some other protective screens, I '
PTy/HQ or w
W0i v.? .s K>V-?a^^? J* varlc
1"? i
/they would bo as near an possible to the vantage
(points to bo found only on the exposed bridge
|and from those substitute observatories?some of
^thom located direct!y behind or otherwise adja cent
to the bridge?would direct the action of the
ibattllng armorclad.
In order to <mabl<> the officers on the bridge to
be at all times closely 1 n touch with all parts
of the ship this elevited promenade Is made the
nerve center of elaborate telephone, telegraph
and signaling systems that afford Instantaneous
communication with the engine and Hro rooms,
the ammunition magazines, all the different "gun
IBtations" throughout the ship, and, in fact, every
jeceno of activity that has part in tho complex
imlssion of one of those great fighting machines.
The telephone system on a battleship Is much
like the private telephone system In a great store
or manufactory, hut with the difference that on
,shipboard most of the receivers are of the pattern
jwhich fit close to the head, covering both ears
and strongly resembling those used by the hello
girls in telephone exchanges. This special equipment
Is designed to shut out disturbing noises
and Is very essential when officers and mon may
!be called upon to listen to telephone conversation
!when the guns are roaring or against the opposition
of the various distracting noises always to
jbe encountered on shipboard.
Near the bridge of a battleship Is the wireless
'telegraph station which Is one of the newer yet
easily ono of the most Important adjuncts of the
up-to-date battleship. However, the wireless tele.graph
is not used for interior communication
aboard the battleship but solely for tho exchange
of messages with other ships and with shore stations.
What are sometimes referred to as "tele
graphs on shipboard urn not telegraphs at all,
ibh tho lay reader understands them, but are
father signaling systems. Tho most common of
[those communicative systems Is that whereby tho
pressure of a button or lever at one station on a
[battleship?say on the bridge? will causo a print (^command
to suddenly appear in illuminated
'form In a distant part of tho ship. For instanco,
the movement of a certain lever on tho bridge
,of the hpttleshlp will cause au Illuminated sign
,*,* o.iHilonlu nnnonv ll,,, r>f
11)Goth, 'way down below tho water linn, reading,
'"Full Speed Ahead," or "Full Speed Astern," or
^ly other command which It Is desired to glvo.
Uy means of this method of signaling a command
can, If need ho, ho communicated simultaneously
to a number of different stations scattered
throughout the ship. Indeed It Ir? by this expedient
that tho captain of the battleship Insures uniformity
of action during target practise or In
tattle. In a twinkling ho can send tho command
,"Begin f ring" or "Cease firing," or any other Instructions
to each and every gun crew scattered
throughout tho length of the shlp.
ittoft of ai B
mmmmmmm* IB???????
WOPOtHJJW'.. ly simple devices
TU^^Jtnk"L'wry which now control
the manlpulatlon
of the lingo
searchlights perched
loft on skeleton steel towers?a means of managi?i?
tu not only more rapid h\it
) effective than the old plan of turning them this
and that by manual labor. On the bridge, too. are
Mid of signaling devices for supplementing the
less telegraph in communication with other ships
ith the shore. There are signal flags for use with
his codes and with the always useful "wigwag;"
J are the semaphore and Ardols systems for signalfit
night by means of different combinations of red
and white lights, and there is the electric torch
for unofficial messages.
The American navy lias been the most successful
military organization, from Its very incep
tlon, which tho world has ever seen. That Is a
pretty broad statement, but It la absolutely true.
There are good reasons for thin.
In tho early dayB we were a commercial people.
Wo were natural sallornien. Our people lived
along the shores. They made their money In
commercial pursuits. The men who commanded
merchant ships were not only good sailors; they
were good merchants, and the foundations for
many of the great fortunes of this country have
come from that source. In order to protect themselves
they were obliged to go armed. Their
ships were armed as were privateers In time of
* *- **--?
\V!ir 1 no rt'HUIl IS mill. IIIUJ Hill n..i;v, ......
gat Ion, hnt thoy know gunnery. and combined
with these qualities tho Intelligence which makes
great merchant.-?.
Naturally, when those men came Into positions
where they commanded men of war, they were
equal to the occasion, although they had had no
naval training. As time went on they acquired a
naval training, so that In the later wars, In tho
uany piin ui mu iiiuuiuuutn v*-in??? ...- every
requirement, and in the recent wars the
Kiaduates of the Naval academy have been equal
to every duty which has been Imposed upon
them. They have made a record of which every
American eltlzen should be proud.
The American Ballorman has always been <>fll
clent. They worn good men In the time or tno
Revolution; competent men In the time of tho
war of 1812. They are hotter men today than they
were In those days, because today 05 per cent, of
them are American citizens, and not a man la
shipped in the American navy who has not declared
his Intention to become a citizen. Twenty
five years ago not more than 30 per cent, of our
men-of-war's men were American citizens.
i no American ntivy im? uucn nun t-rv^mi #?cause
onr ships have always been as good ships
an any that wero bntlt In tho world. Our merchantmen,
In tho Revolutionary times, and down to
tho Civil war, were the best merchant ships sailing
the fleas. They were, no doubt, the best
manned, and they made the fastest time During
the period of wooden ships, when we built menof-war
they were of tho same general character.
Our men-of-war, gun for gun, were equal to, and
nrobably superior, to those of any other nation.
Wo have always boon ablo to shoot hotter than
most people. (Jo hack to the early times, to tho
revolutionary war. Wo lost 24 ttion-of war, carrying
less than 500 guns, In tho Revolutionary war,
while the Hr'tlsh lost 102 men-of-war, carrying
more than 2,f>00 gu.'H We captured 800 of their
merchant ships, and It Is not too much to Bay
that If It had not been for tho damage caused by
i . Jl jl-4 _ 1- . !i
piBUB
iliitf&B the American navy wo wouM not have (
won the Revolutionary war at all;
H wthat is, it might have heen necessary !
?iiwM| later to have fought that war over
ik H Hal The same relative skill prevailed in j
fed re ??3n f>if. War nf 181 > Our shins of tllO i
tsnnic class wcro superior to the ships
of our opponents. Tills statement Is
confirmed when we study the exact i
figures. For Instance, In the Hornet- j
Peacock eon test, the British ship lost j
five men killed and HT wounded, out of j
a crew of l.;0, while the American
ship had hut three wounded this in !
eleven minutes. In the Wasp-Frolic >
fight the British ship lost 15 men I
killed and 47 wounded, out of a crew !
of 110, while the American ship lost hut five killed 1
and five wounded from a crew of the same size.
I could mention a number of similar instances j
which demonstrate my statement that At that time
we were able to shoot well, and we have been
shooting hotter ever since. Not only the men of
the north, hut the men of the south, shot well <lur- .
ing the Civil war; they shot well during the Span- 1
lsh war; and we can shoot half a dozen times as
well today as we conld during the Spanish war.
Never has the American navy made such a record
as it is making today, and never has there been
a navy having a record excelling the one which
our navy is now making for capacity to hit the
target. That is really the whole war problem?
to hit what you are shooting at.
We have not in the past built homogeneous ;
fleets. We build n surplus of battleships and then
provide the men to man them, and frequently provide
more than we have ships for. We build auxil- i
laries and torpedo boats, if v.e do it at all, without !
any regard to the relation which such craft should
bear to the battleship licet, and while we have .
built or have in construction 2!l battleships, we have
practically no means of furnishing tenders for them
under service conditions.
When the battleship fleet was sent to the Pa
ciflc recently it was necessary to charter l" foreign ,
ships to carry coal for It. If it hail been found
necessary to send the Meet around the horn in time
ii >1,11 ii muni iiijl iiiivf ihm'u imempieu. neeauso
we could not have furnished American vessels ir.
which t<> carry the coal.
Very f> w people realize the deplorable condition
we are in. as far as our merchant marine is con- <
cerned. If we had a large merchant marine we
could draw from it without having special auxll- |
larles for the navy, hut we are so lacking in both 1
that It makes our present situation almost hope
leSS.
When the Spanish war broke out It was neces
snrv to purchase colliers and transports. One lum {
dred ami two vessels were bought at :i cost of some- I
thing over $17,000,000, hut they cost a very large ,
percentage more than their mark* t value, and more i
than twice as much as they could have been sold I
for If they had been put on tlx market at the termination
of the war In other words, we paid out
millions of dollars because we had not provided
ourselves with suitable auxiliaries for our battle,
1,1.. - l 1.1
m..|' f miuiiiii ihivc ;i navy adequate for
our needs; not only adcquah in battleships, but
adequate In every other respect.
Surgery on Heart
mirgicai operations upon tin? hoart liavo hecomo
more or loss of a oommonplaco in medical history.
Something approximating 100 rases of th<- sowing
up of hoart wounds are on record, and the? rocovories
have boon oonsldorable when one considers
the highly dangerous character of such work. Hitherto,
however, heart surgery has boon limited to accidont
oases.
In a recent issue of the annals of surgery ono of
the workers at the Rockefeller institute tnr
medical research discusses the possibility of
treating diseased hearts surgically. He has made
numerous experiments on animals and believes
that rucIi operations will be successfully performed
on human beings in the near future. His tests
have convinced him that the heart can be opened,
scraped out (cleaned, so to speak), sewed up and
started off on Its "beating" path again without any
great, at least Insuperable, difficulty. By an Ingenious
system of side piping and new channeling
iu* is rune temporarily to cut out of tho circulation
portions of such Important vessels as the descending
aorta the largest artery In tho body, without
killing the animal. Among his suggested operations
is one on the coronary arteries of the heart
for the euro of angina pectoris.
This doctor has apparently proved to his own sat
Isfaction on animals thnt successful surglcnl interference
with the great vessels and the henrt Itself
Is a possibility. It Is. of course, a long step from
those experiments to actual operations on human
beings, but there Is every indication that the latter
feat will bo attempted in the near future. The in
iniciamniy or carciinc artectlons and thoir high fatality
iuako the proposed now surgery a thing of
grent general Interest, and may Justify the extreme
boldness of the proposal.
-
f^QWOTEKl 1
I.by WILBUR p. NEmfl I
ANNUAL
PROBLEM
n-nyyy^TJW ITT-?wra^vramrH?is??gM
!( Ii':ui'-<I tiis 1 > :?<I upon lils hand (
Anil thouuht with d< |> dlnnay
About tl tilings 11 in I he must K>'t
To give on Christmas day. <
"The i-iKik," In- sighed, "must have thl ,
host j
t know how to seloct, !
Or otl rwlse sho'li 'i'". and then .
()ur household will l>e wrecked.
"Tito sooond ulrl must have a Rift
That will delight hor heart
Or sin) will fr<?wn upon my wife
And say that they must part.
The man who tends the furnace? ho
Must he upon the list ,
Or else r.ome frigid dawn the heat
That cheers us will ho missed.
'My oftli o linv must have a \va:-h
<>r a ton dollar bill?
Jf I shouhl fall In thin I'd havo
A vacant plaro tn fill.
Tin' Janitor, the en?liu5er.
The ''k-vRtor hoys
Will rail for tribute ami 1 must
A?1?1 Koim.tliliiK to their joys.
"Tlio waiter at tlio Huh; the rhef;
The man who brings the milk;
The uarhaw man. the faithful oop,
Anil others of that lilt
Must all 1 ><>iti< In jniri'l, ho that
None may In- overlooked--"
Anrl no th?' names of earh an<l nil
With what t ? Kive. he booked.
II" ran his ev?s ndown the list
And found it was eomplote.
\ i1 i iiioiiirm anmil tlif <"hrlstm.ls !>U1h
Thai woulil tx- his to meet.
"Alas'" lie wi l?l. "II Is tun bad'."
11 slu-il a tiiti. i tear.
"I find 1 "an afford ti<>
Kur \vif? ami < -111 lil rott di-ar!"
Wind.
"Dili you ever K?'t any dividends on
that tunnel stock you bought of the
man who was promoting a scheme to
bore a shaft under the river?" asks the
mildly interested friend
"No," explains the other. "That tun...,i
.......... .. .... .i..~
IK I 1IV? CI W UB *111^.
"O, 'hen it was merely an air shaft
- a hot air one, I moan."
Optical Delusion.
"Have >ou ever noticed how fat
women like to go about in crowds?"
asks the man with the thoughtful
eyes.
"You're mistaken about it; that's
all," explains tlie man with the uncertain
whiskers. "When two or three
of them get together it just looks like
a crowd to you."
Kindly Remembrance.
"Do you suppose Cook and Peary
u ill semi Christmas remembrances to
oach other'.'" asks the man who Is a!
way.i wondering about the most unex
poett'd things
"Certainly." replies tho man who
wants to finish bis paper. "1 don't
know what IVary will send Cook, but
I should think Cook would send I vary
a set of instructions how to play that
! old ganm of Copenhagen."
At the Spring Meeting.
"I am so happy My husband
<!l<ln't want mo to | a\ m? for a dross
| but ho lias-- won $loo on a raoo this
' aftornoon and says I may havo that."
j "So you will K<-t the dross?"
"No. 1 can ?ot a $300 dress now
I you soo."
Padding.
"Yes. it is a fairly Rood porm," says
the carpiinR critic, after a hasty
perusal of one of Longfellow's <f
forts. "!t i.s really of merit, hut th<*
trouble a ith it Is that It Is so greatly
padded."
"Padded? Why, it doesn't appeal
to mo to have an unnecessary word
In it. 1 don't see where you could
omit a line or a stanza without spoiT
Iiik tin- sense of it," replies the other
person.
"lliif vmii eon If lc_
out with 'ICxoolsior?'"
The Back Fugue.
"What is that you are playing?" wo
ask of our friend, who Is pumping li^
pianola.
"That'H a Hark fugue," ho nays.
"It doesn't sound much like Haoh."
"I didn't any llach. I said Hack."
"Flack ?"
"Yoh, H-ft-o k, Hack."
Never heard of such a?"
"Of oourso not. It's my own Idea.
/ do It hy running a porous plastoi
through tho pianola."
6*A.
t
GOLDS
BREED
?er Terrible Experience Shows
Mow Penraa Should Be in Every
Itans to Prevent Colds.
Mrs. C. S.
' I ' s ' s<;..
i i ^ r, - ?
kv.M-o badly mrs* * terser,
affect cd f'?r
ill-! 1:ist two yen:-. I think from your
description of Internal catarrh that t
must hav? had that also. 1 suffered
very severely.
"Nothing ever relieved mo like Poruna.
It keeps i.ie fivmi taking cold.
"With (In- exception of some deafnoss
I am feeling perfectly cured. I
am forty-six y? irs old.
"I feel that words are Inadequate to
express my praise for Peruna."
Catarrh in Bad Form.
Mrs. Jcnnio Darling. R. P. D. 1.
Smyrna Mills, Maine, writer.: "1 waa
unable to do my work f>>r four years,
sis I had catarrh in 11 bad form. I
couched Incessantly, and pot so weak
and was confined to my bed.
"Peruna came to my relief and hy
faithfully using it. I am able to do my
Wtirk. l'eruna i:> the best medicine that
I over took."
NEW EHLiKID SEED CORN
Njn-.-iaily sclot-ti-il, extra < -an an-l June. llntli
while unci yellow. Put uj> in wn weight sucks.
Car I.ots a Mpei'ial: y.
Jusjiar Ntnviuni .? Co., N?-\\ .Madrlil, Sto.
WANTFn J iTo.biistlliiK ai/^nts to soil an attract
LlioUt'y. K.K.llark,>tUi)lgr.,UMilio,lu?
Hence the Name.
In tho service of a Haltimore family
Is an old negro cook known a.s
Aunt Hallv, and not tho least of her
achievement is tho preparation of sea
food.
In tho kitchen one day Aunt Sally's
nephew, a ninoyoar-old lad from a
point where crabs aro seldom soon,
was watching in breathless interest
the old lady's deviling ol a dish of
such crustaceans.
"Aunty," said he, after much reflec
tion upon this mysterious point, "does
debbil crabs come from do debbil?"
"X o, chile." promjjHly responded
Aunt Sally; "but <!? > is de dcbbil to
make."
An A vA/f 111
The company always included many
delightful \vom''n. and I remember the
consternation caused among them one
lay by Burnhntn, the scout. llo explained
that he attributed his success
as a scout to th * aCuteness of his
sense of smell: it. was like a bloodhound's.
"There's no one here today." he
ftfllrmed, who at any time anywhere
in tin; f111ur< I could n.?t recognize in
the dark. Yes, 1 could tell you, and
you, and yo nodding at an alluring
group >') modbih apparel, "by the way
you sniell "
l'or an awful moment the conversation
flagged - Mc< Mure s
1 or almost everybody the course of
lif" is llx. d by inexorable necessities.
Not fire in ft thousand is free to
rhooBi the life !<> would care for.?
I 'ickitison
.-***
An Attractive
Food
Post
Toasties
I
So Crisp
So Flavcury
So Wholesome
bo Convenient
So Economical
So why not order a
rvT rk i ai> Imni
A A V/14A V>A V/Wl
"The Memory Lingers**
l'ostum r?-roal Co., I^td.
Battle Creek, Mioh.

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