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SOMEWHERE down the road tho
engine stopped to get a drink.
There was nothing in it for tho
passengers, tho day being Sunday
and tho lid woll clamped
down, even in the Ozark country,
"where tho moon is said to shine in
tho darkness occasionally. Nevertheless
the passengers got something
"worth while stopping for. What they
wan a picture, it was a simplo
composition with a background of
crimBon autumnal foliage, a weather
stained log house In the middle distance,
well screened In woodbine and
trumpet creeper, the frost-nipped remains
of an old-fashioned garden and
?right In the middle foreground, not a
etono's throw from the track?the solitary
figure. 11c stood beside the squat
gatepost, just as if ho had been paint(Od
thero a good half century ago, a
cob pipe in his mouth and .a somowhat
(tattered straw hat pushed well back
from his florid brow and straight gray
ihalr. His lean arms embraced, as far
iaa human arms could reach, a mammoth
pumpkin that reposed on the
igatopost, and Into tho side of the yel
low rind ho had cut, Prize-winner, 21b
"I thought he'd bo there," one of the
passengors laughed. "Ho hasn't done
a tiling but ilaunt that pumpkin at the
passengers the past lour days since he
igot it back from the county fair. You
know It Isn't easy to raiso big fellows
like that in theBO Ozark hills. It takes
rich bottom soil to mako 'om grow to
any considerable size, and the Ozark
farmer needs his llttlo bottom patches
for something besides show fruit. That
old chap got some of the best pumpkin
seed that ever wan brought into market
and he's been at 'em ever since.
That 21G;poundcr did actually capturo
the prize in a certain Missouri
county, but there was a pumpkin
Bhown at the Merchants' Exchange in
?t. Iwouis that would have broken .lie
old Ozark farmer's heart. It was I lie
groat achievement of Tom Powell, who
lias boen raising big pumpkins a good
many yoara and who supplied the seed
from which that one great hill pumpkin
was developed, it took a threehorse
team to haul thirty pumpkins
to St, Louis l'or the display. The combined
weight of the load, exclusive of
the wagon and driver, was something
over 5,000 pountlB, and the largest of
the pumpkins tipped tho beam at 237.
tho heaviest pumpkin ever brought to
fit. 1 you Is. It was converted into 160
The demand for pumpkin has not increased
In proportion to tho population's
increase. In tho days of our
grandmothers canned things were almost
unknown. And there was the
tradition that In the fall, from the middlo
of October to Christmas, there
must bo a long row of pumpkin plea
on tho pantry shelf every Saturday
night. For a moderate-sized family
ten pies would sutTlce, but there was
many a housewife who made her tired
boast, "I'vo baked two dozen this
morning, and I do hope there will be
enough left for Monday dinner."
Iu the old days, tho pumpkin waa
put to another uao. It wsia tho basis
for a very delicious soup strange as
this may seem. Even now In the mar*
kota of Paris there Is tho custom of
crowning King Pumpkin the last Sat?
urday in September. The largest and
shapeliest is elected king, and there is
a rogular ceremonial, nn hour of tho
afternoon being given up to the parade
through stalls and adjoining Btreets
of tho market, the trades people in costume
and the pumpkin adorned with
a gorgeous crown of tinsel and Imitation
Jewels. When the parade Is over
tho fruit Is uncrowned, cut into sections
and these auctioned off to tho
highest bidder, to bo taken home and
made up into soup.
PCS J is
Long before the Thanksgiving season
of pie baking, many pumpkins
have been diverted from their normal
purpose of food and have served the
merrymakers at Hallowe'en, made
over into Jack-o'-lanterns, with grinning
or sorrowful countenances.
Centuries ago in Europe there was
another kind of jack-o'-lantern, tho
marsh fire or will-o'-the-wisp, olf-ftre
or whatever you wish to call it, that
was frequently seen in low, marshy
places at night, flitting about like tiny
lanterns in tho gloom. When these
phosphorescent lights appeared at the
time of All Saints' day they were said
to he the souls of sinners that had
escaped from purgatory and returned
hj cui in iu in>K uii'ir lornier irienas 10
pray for the remission of their Bins.
Whether the pumpkin imitation of the
marsh light originated among the peasants
of Italy or the negroes of our
own southern states, is still a mooted
question. At first they were all sorrowful
faces, befitting the counterpart
of the soul that is suffering the consequences
of a wicked life. Hut once
upon a time an embryo sculptor made
a mistake in * he carving of a pumpkin
mouth, causing the corners to turn
up instead of down, and the effect
was so Jolly and comical that all who
saw this spirit catne to tlie conclusion
that either the sins had been forgiven
[ or the gate to purgatory had been
slammed in his face and ho nor><l not
return. Since that time It has been
assumed by the Halloween hostess
that sins are actually pardoned and
departed spirits are happy, for the
round, rather flat pumpkin that can
be made to grin is the one most in demand.
Italy lays claim to the origin of the
Jack-o'-lantern and some time ago thebotanists
of Europe laid entire claim
to the pumpkin itself, asserting that
it was an imported product in America.
This libel was given tho lie in a
little while by the American, who was
In the Pumpkin Field.
In no humor to he robbed of his anmini
Thanksgiving pio. Pumpkins
were grown In the rich alluvial soil
along the Missouri river long before
the white man Invaded the Interior
of the continent, and In the cliff dwellings
of Mancos Canyon, Ohio, that
wen; aunnuuncti evun uerore me coming
of Columbus, perfectly preserved
pumpkin seeds have been found by the
excavators, In hermetically sealed Jars
This fact Is of no particular Interest
to any but the botanist, and the arch
aeollglst; yet It Is a sourco of gratlfl
cation to us to know that we can eat
our national pie without returning
thanks to any other country than our
VEGETABLE WASHER IS BEST
Quito a Job to Do Ttiis Work by Hand
?Machine Does it Easily
Vegetables bring a much better price
if they are clean when offered for
Hale. It is qulto a job to do this work
by hand but if a machine like the
ono shown in the drawing is constructed
it can be done very easily
and rapidly, writes J. J. Tulare in
Farm and Home.
A cylinder made of two round board
Easily Operated Potato Cleaner.
enda connected by heavy wires Is
mounted in a water tight. box. This
cylinder Is run by a small handle.
The vegetables are put Inside the
cylinder and the tank filled with water.
The handle is turned and the dirt
is very quickly washed off.
The cylinder is made so as to be
easily removed from the tank for
cleaning. Two or three of the wires
must be so arranged that they can be
loosened easily for putting thu vegetables
in and taking them out.
PUTS WORKBENCH ON WHEELS
Can Be Drawn by Horse or Hitched to
Another Vehicle?Gasoline Engine
The accompanying sketch shows how
I made a handy workbench on wheels,
which can be drawn by a horse or
hitched on behind another vehicle and
taken out on a job of work, says a
writer In Popular Mechanics. A small
gasoline engine hung on supports beneath
the bench runs a circular saw.
Workbench on Wheels.
A place is provided for .ill tools necessary
to be used on any one job.
CARE OF FARM WORK HORSES
Animals Should De Pampered and
Fed Generously to Sustain Vigor
and Good Spirits.
I In^ono *-* %? i.lot o l r.v?? f..
nuioro ?:ill|mijti| llll l.lllll NMUn
should bo pampered ami should bo tod
gonorously so as to sustain vigor and
good spirits. A ti'ain ill-fed and consequently
in poor condition and feeble
will not accomplish much real hard
work and it Is a waste of time to hit"
an expensive hand to drive such a
The harness, and particularly the
collar, should bo accurately adjusted
to the horse. If tho collar is either
too tight or too loose It Kalis him and
seriously affects his breathing.
The work horses should be fed
early In tho morning and they should
nun n nut-nil Hiding. I 11 ' ct til 111:1 l
and rest of tin- team will l> vastly
promoted If tho harness t.s entirely re
moved at noon while they arc feedingAllow
them plenty of time for a good
meal and partial digestion h"fore they
are put to work for the afternoon I'
is |K>or polley to put them to w<^
right after eating a hearty meal or
u|ion a full stomach.
If we would allow the teams more
rest at noon we would accomplish
more work than when they are only
allowed time to swallow their food. At
evening let them he well groomed
and their legs and bellies relieved of
mud and filth.
The practise of many farmers of
driving a team through eold water tn
wash the fillli off tholr fc>f t and legs
la dangerous, ius It causes many dls
oases that they are subject to.
A warm or overheated team should
not be put In a eoM, airy place, but
first exercised and then blanketed and
put In a warm stable and after the
t>lankot? are removed they should be
vlped dry with straw or cloths.
When a team has been exposed to
rains they should not be left to be
com.i dry, but should be rubbed dry
as chills, fevers and other ailments
often result from allowing them to dr\
by the evaporation of the moisture
from their bodies.
umss Landi in urain.
Humus-making crops nre sucli
grasses as timothy, clover, bluo grass
tiromo grass and alfalfa. It has boor
found grass land plowed 1* under bet
: tor conditions of moisture and frooi
from weeds than land that has growr
LOSS IN HANDLING MANURE
Much of Good Qualities Lost by Ex?
posure to Elements for Period
of Four Months.
(Hy ANTON WAGNIOIl.)
Ono of our experimental stations
has shown by careful investigation
that when the stable manure is piled
up and left exposed to the rains the
loss from leaching of the fertile elements
is very largo. The New Jersey
station finds that manure exposed for
100 days lost over one-half of the nitrogen,
one-half of the phosphoric acid,
the same proportion of the potassium
had been lost. More than one-half of
the constituents had been lost by an
exposure of less than four months.
Work from other experiment stations
con linns this.
A great deal of valuable manure is
also lost in badly arranged stables,
where there are poor facilities ior recovering
the manure. The valuable
liquid manure is lost by drainage.
The best way to save all the fertile
elements in manure is to haul it on the
iields and meadows and spread it even
ly over the land. Washed into the aoll
it is preserved for the next crop.
EASY WORKING GATE HANGER
Discarded Wheel From Cultivator or
Pulley May Be Utilized?Simple
Any old pulley or cultivator wheel
may bo utilized as an easy working!
hanger for your farm Rates, with butj
a few moments' time to construct.!
The two sides of hanger are cut longl j
enough so ihey will allow ample spaeo |
for the two ends of hanger, the wheel j
and the one board of gate, as shown i
in illustration. Make the two ends
iirlillillK manure uurnij hi um
Held as soon a.n made and scattering
| it is the safest method of handling.
I My tli's method nothing is lost by ferment;!
tion and very little by bleaching.
\Yh"ii the manure is plowed nnJ
dor the fermentation takes place
slowly, and no nitrogen is lost. The
carbon dioxide and ;vci<ls produced,
unite with the other elements in the
soil and re sult in more plmt food being
made available. All the orgnnki
matter is saved for humus in th<i
Making Mulch of Litte*.
Don't burn tip any hind ot coarse'
litter that accumulates around tho
' ferdyrird, but save to mulch different
The Gate Har.ger.
or spreaders the width of the pulley
or wheel, and after boring holes for
the bolt to hold pulley in place in the
sides of hanger nail together as illustrated.
Fasten same to the gate post
with two strap hinges at ends of
hanger, which allow the gate to beswung
to one side, as well as pushed
j The gate is hung by leaving off the
J center board and placing it through
j hanger, then nailing to the cross'
pieces of gate.
Saving the Value of Manure.
plants In the garden. II some manure
Is mixed with the litter, ho much tho
In Iter. Such mulch will make melons,
cucumbers and many other plants^
hear more heavily and will save cultivation
after they are well started.
Don't depend upon the frostbitten
! . c 1 . tlim-n la hi.lMnir in It
I ' "
A neglect at this time of year
| iriny start a long winter of loss.
The pinch of a frosty night will
' mako a big hole In the pocket hook.
Store the ladders tinder cover, but
nive them a good coat of paint first.
A bolt through a weak tree crotch
may save a split tree If applied lu
A piece of zinc put on the live coals
in the stove will clean out the, stovepipe.
I A hard collar Is not as hard upon
j the shoulders of a horse as one that
I | is unevenly padded.
i I An extra feed increases growth, if
i of a suitable kind, and makea larger
animals at maturity.
i Hannna <>11. applied to any metal
surface with a soft brush, la an ex,
eellent rust pre"<?ntlvo.
i Hrlng the cultivator In when the)
first row hius been cleaned out. No
s time like the now-time for that.
Fall plowing helps to destroy the
grasshopper broods that otherwise
would do damage another season.
As soon as tho late frosts havo
i killed all the plants, take them tip
. and burn them to destroy as many In-j
i ?pnti4 us nosslhlo.
Tho vnluo of any fertilizer depends
* upon what It Is made of. It cannot)
i furnish food to crops unless It has!
the food to furnish.
NEW STREET SUITS
COSTUMES SO DRESSY THEY ARE
These Tallor-Mndo Gowns Must Be
Kept Pressed and Clean?Skirts,
Gloves and Wraps That
It Is impossible to overestimate the
importance of a stylish street suit,
for if one is supplied with this she
can do without many grander gowns.
Then, so dressy are the new trottolr
suits that the least change of accessories
will smarten up a practical
dress for very nearly every day use
reoulred hv norBniia of ninrli>ralH
means?another sort of hat, white
gloves, a fixier waist, and trim new
boots at once turning the plain garment
Into a flnei thing.
Hut one thing is absolutely required
for a good effect with all tailor
gowns nowadays. The suit must be
kept pressed and free of spots. The
moment there Is a used and crumpled '
look style Is gone. The up-to-date !
woman is a creature of bankbox neat- |
ness, and she who is used to tailor
costumes knows that extreme freshness
Is more than half their charm.
In themselves the dinky little jackets
and narrow skirts that make up the
combinations are not becoming. They
must be set off with this almost fragrant
neatness and with the most, coquettish
accessories to give their wearers
tllO "lirettv" look. Thn tnilor
gown must also (It to perfection and j
not look as (hough then* were an
inch too much cloth in the composition.
Good tailoring is involved, a
faultless corset, and, Incidentally, a
good figure and a soft silk petticoat.
Modish gloves for the walking suit
are heavy tailored affairs of white, or
yellow, or black dogskin. The round
turban has precedence over brim hats
for millinery that goes witli such
suits, but many charming hats with
(taring basket brims, or quite wide
flattish ones, will be worn by the
younger ladies. The skittishness of
one's millinery and the shortness of
the skirt, are matters entirely of ac:e
and bulk. If one has readied the distillled
age, or is heavy about the hips
and bust, these new kluko are only
Our picture shows a wrap that
might well bo the winter coat of the
RACK FOR LETTERS AND KEYS
Practical and Useful Contrivance That
Can De Made With Little Trouble
A [tractical ami useful rack for letters
and keys, for hanging in the hall,
is shown in the accompanying sketch,
and it can be made with very little
trouble nnil at n small cost.
A piece of smooth board about 12
by 0 inches ami a half inch in thickness,
should In; procured. This is covi
ered with silk, folded in the way in!
dicatcd In the sketch, so that it forms
| two pockets, into which the letters
may be slipped. The silk is fastened
< ?? 12 inCmCS -.*
Jl -?av2r. "- 'v' - L ~ sy
K Eg ^
w ly iv %'u<>w'%r*,
i x. ii-4 **? I
i ^ l| -4^
on at the Inck of the board with tiny
1 nails or small tacks, and the folds
< should he drawn as tightly and llatly
! across the surface of the hoard as
| possible. In thf upper edge two small
brass rings (rings similar to those
used for hanging up small pictures
will answer the purpose) are screwed,
by which the rack may be suspended
from the wall. In the lower edge
five little brass hooks are ficrewed,
upon which the keys may bo hung.
To finish off tho rack, n silk cord,
carried Into three little loops at each
corner, may be sewn, and a rack can,
of course, he made in tho same way
I in a larger or small size, to suit requirements.
The Empire rtcdlngotc.
The long redinroto in velvet and
fur is very rich rnd graceful, and the
long, picturesqu lines of the Josephine
gown are adopted almost to the
exclusion of other models hy bopio
conturieres. These gowns art; enfinrw'twl
hv ttlirl rlf?on rnllnru r\f
satin and fur. Princess gowns made
in tho now heavy wool-backed satins
In dull, dead color, edged with sable
or chinchilla, are stunning. This new
mako of satin Is also ideal for evening
elderly lady of dressy tastes, and 11
would be just tho thing for the young
matron's maternity covering. As pictured,
the coat is of smoky violet
cloth with a collar of moire trimmed
with a chenille cord and velvet stole
ends in a deeper color. The folds at
tho front nf tho a ?wl tho invortml
plait at the back, make this garment
one of especial excellence for the older
woman who hales the tight, things
or the young matron who must have
a loose garment; and for either of
these wearers tlie:-e could he no better
! choice of material than hlack broad
cloth, with a plaited skirt lp matching
material. Hlack ottoman silk. Interlined,
and inadc; with a velvet or heavy
lace collar, would be another good
j choice, and such a coat, except in the
. (V\lila>cf \i <>!if hid* nnliht tn\ n*i( It
; KNITTED COSTUMES LIKED
Paris Takes Up Their Vogue and
Some Very Attractive Garments
Have Been Designed There.
Paris has tnkon up tho vogup of
knitted goods, and tafcos it up with a
will. Tho latest fancy Is tho thrpppieoo
costume, consisting r?f cap,
?iim n? nm i jiii?> im illtended
primarily for skating, etc., hut
will he worn tills winter even on tho
iiitroot. The coats arc very long, with
(loop pockets and with leather rovers
uiil turnback cuffs.
Among caps, there a:o the tam-o'shanter
and the capuohon types, this
latter buttoning In front ami having a
j warm little capo that tits about tlie
I neck and shoulders.
Kvon knitted skirts are not un|
known, and are a joy forever to the
j happy autumn gbjfer. All thof-o gar;
incuts are made to fit rather snnuly.
i and do not require belts or any otlu r
I form ill' i>v I I'll I :isl i ! i n ' (Jrsiv ulilli>
brown ami green are the favorito col
If yon know how to knit, or ran
learn how, here is the way to mako
yourself a pretty and fashionable set
for wintei that will be warmth Itself
when warmth Is most desired.
A novel idea in plav aprons for ehil
i. LW.lt oil! llmm I.,...,.
I W. . .i, " ...? I. .. ... .? . |. un III uuaj
through much of a rainy day, is to
make them of rod or other hrightI
colored eaiiibric and pastd upon them
pictures representing nursery rhymes.
Sometimes these pictures can be
bought printed on fabric, which can
then he made up into aprons; or they
can be fastened upon the cambric
1 by means of ddcfticomanias. If each
child has tw o or thr? "story aprons"
of 'ills sort, made so as to cover the
dress, all over, there will be peace In
the nursery on stormy days
In all work of this Sort It Is really
important to remember the nerves of
the sensitive child, and not to imprint
pictures, such as some of those from
Little lied llidlnghood" or "Bluebeard,"
that will frighten Instead of
amuse the little one.
The careful mother always makes
several pairs of strings for baby's
cap. These she hems at their unfinished
ends after their embroidered
ends are worked.
They are not sewed to the cap,
but are pinned to its sides with small
gold safety pins, eo that they aro removable
after each wearing. In no
other way may the baby bo kept immaculate.