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SHELTFH IN THE FARM YARD
Excellent Manner of Stacking Hay Is
Tho illustration shows an excellent
maimer of slacking the straw, hay or
i-oi'u fodder that it may bo fed from
the yard; this not only prevents the
rattle from pulling it down and wasting
same, but provides an excellent
shelter for them from tho weather,
says the Farm Press.
The uprights or posts are made of
onerete and so have greater durability
than if constructed of wood; these
are easily molded by building a box
form of the right height and about 15
Shelter for the Farm Yard.
l.w.Kr?o em....... ... .i.? i i.i ;r
...? < o.|n.ii' >n in'* iur>Mn- 11 ?>iii.?
four posts arc to he vise; tlit* concrete j
Is tamped Inside same and when 1
cured the frame may hi riveted upon
them to form tlm foundation for the
stack. \\"h> n desired the number of
posts may he increased and the size
of same decreased; thus, If six posts
are used they will he amply strong if
made )'J inches square; ii^i^ht posts
are used they can he made ten inches j
square. The advantage of this shelter j
is very apparent to evor.v farmer, as
It saves a large portion of the straw-, |
etc , that would he wasted hy the !
manhole can he built through (lie ,
center of stack and the straw thrown
down through it in feeding. thus giving
the cattle a sheltered placo to
feed away from snow and rain, if i
SM-ll made, it is not the least nn !
ORGANIC MATTER OF SOILS
i-Mcccssitry element is securea oy
Crop Rotation by Plowing Under
Green Crops and Manuring.
IHy L>. W. i IIRAU, Colorado Agricultural
All cultivated soils and most virgin
oils contain plant and animals' remains,
called organic matter.
When in the last stages of decay,
irganic mailer i.s called humus. Humus
is d:n K in t i ili >i and imnaits that
color to soil win n present in sufficient !
Organii matter is very light in
svciRiil When partially decayed, and j
t>speciall> in the form of Innmis, it ,
lias tiu' power to absorb and hold \
larger quai tities of watt r than even j
Hit: Hnest clays.
Humus is more plastic (sticky)
than sand, and loss plastic than clay,
r'oriscquontly it is very valuable in
binding together sandy s >ils and loos- I
<cning up clayey soils.
When organic matter decays, sub !
Htances called organic acids are pro- i
duccil wliie.li act on the soil mineral :
fnit'or -1 ii * 1 Imt n In m:?kr? if ?nh lilo
m> that it i' available to other plants.
Tho food material whieh tho organic
matte: i ontainod is also broken down
to its origit irtt form, ami much of it
1. lin built up into plant tis.-m'
Organic matter is gotten into tho
^oil hy oro|> roMtion, by plowln.; tin
dor gr< 1 n < ! p:, by nianuHng and by :
rais ing i i'i i v ith ox'.oiikIvo root sys- !
terns. When added to soils in arid '
region it shoihl bo woll rotted. It j
1:. one hi the i. n ' important soil eon
btitmnls Tin* lack of it in soil i-i
J.uwiy t lio ( of lli<* dccrcasod
v i n!-: nndor 11 i siiu;l<', continuous
i Njppiiu; iicin.
PUTTING IN DRAINAGE TILES
.M.my Acres of Land Could Be Made
Most Productive if System of
I I irti itn 111 In
ls M miI.I.I i: )
DuruiR li * I i ' fi'W months thorn
)i.ts l>? ? 11 mil' h discus ion in t ho agri
ult'iral pn s < on<< rning tho host inmslrrn
iits for lartnors In tny opinion
r hnro is no hot tor ati'l Mif?-r inwst
ilieni mm lie ;ni'i lariinr inau iiie
<lralnago on su< h part of the farm -4
fail to pioduee 111 :ixi 111 urn crops during
wot seasons. There nrc many acres
of naturally fertile oil (hat aro not
paying the ow ner t!io < osl of working
that could lie made t most productive
portion of the fa: if a good system
lit' 111111? I' 11 i i 11 i 111' 'A l nut in
In many < a.the lirsl < rop will
pay th<> ? nliro ens' of drainage. Of
<ours'- many farm?-i art' so sitoatnri
that l.li? ^ < annot afford to put in the
rotnpl* '? (11'altin -tern at ono
My ndvl o to kim li mon Is to havo
t/ioir plans mado at oih> time and do
i ivi'i'.' ',c;ir In till ; \\:m tlic.r
>rl< i h I not In* I ' i'li<i/<i r i!, ?iir ( on
ijorted effort l>ui shall lit into .1 pro
ivlously u> i !><'<! out system mid form a
.uorinnnent p.iit of it.
CHEAP MOVABLE CORN CRIB I
Dries Grain Out Quickly and Permits
It to Remain So All the
(Hy J. O. STEIN.)
Tho walls of this corn crib ara
built of barrel staves; tbo roof may
bo of lap-siding or any kind of roofing
For th<> side walls, use two lengths
of staves and run a pole on the middle,
as shown in the cut to nail the
staves on, and run the two rods
through the middle of the crib, ono
through poles and one through plates.
/ \l\l\t\i\f\iIhi- '} I
\\\\ a1\!V " |\I\>\ " !\ H |v| \ \ I Lii?L? /
/^j *" -->AiA_i__?n \, n nrwfj
A Movable Corn P. rih
The size of (lie crib is according to
the amount of corn raised.
The walls must slant out a little, as !
shown iu the cut, as this will keep out
the rain better. The floor is tight.
This kitui of a crib is quite cheap
and may bo built of small poles nailed
close together if no barrel staves are
Sueli a crib keeps the corn in good
condition. It dries quickly and keeps
dry all the year around, which is not
possible for corn kept In a tight
granary where it molds and spoils at
EASILY-BUILT CLOD CRUSHER
Found Extremely Useful on Soils j
With Many Lumps?May Also
Be Used as Roller.
Upon heavy soils whore there are |
many lumps or clods, this will bo <
found of uso, as it is morn effective
than the usual roller which presses
the clod into the ground, but does not
crush it, while (lie drag or boat shown j
111 i.k- iniot i nuuii ?in >\<U1V WOIUHTS |
in ;i field where there are many clny j
lumps iir cuius. i leavy pianKs are
nailed together in (he manner shown
in drawing with the edges lapped
over each other, and to the top of
these two strips am bolted to hold it
rigidly together. At the end of these
strips two hooks are placed to which
a chain can he attached for hitching
the team to. The top is further
weighted with rocks if needed. This
nlo.i .Innc > i..^ ~
? " v.wx .1 . x i .t rnw? uvg w wi ?\ an a
substitute for :i roller upon any soil.
It is too bad that a. good many farmers
waste energy in tho handling of
manure. Why throw it in piles In
the fn'ld to he forked again when it
IIMIIU I M ; . it?* l\IV I I (Mil lljtj
wsi?on? A inanuro spreader will <lo
tho work c|ulckt r and bettor and mako
farm life pl<a.sant<-r for tho boys.
! X ^ M. M ^ V S
Tho fruit tree agents will booh ho
around Don't give thorn all an order.
Don't leave your valuable farm machinery
standing unprotected in tho
Itahhits son -times gnaw and damago
hlaokbt't'n , raspb ?rry and other
A good lmpl"inent houso with iv
i 111 i > i ' 1111 |?|i'u t.iu ijtj
built for $300.
Tlio ureal virtue of alfalfa Is Its
ability to increase tin; nitrogen content
of tli< soil.
All plants which have the abilitj to
add nitrogen to the soil, liWo alfalfa,
are called legumes.
The funnel' can improve his property
cheaper than a person In almost
any other btislnc- s.
Drainage lessens evaporation simply
by removing the surplus snow ami
rain water by lilt ration.
1'ut in it.liri* ii'fiiirfl I lio ir/t/icr>.
berry, currant and raspberry bushes,
I If you didn't do It lust month.
It is tli<> roiisefisns of opinion that
j a small farm well worked ia inoro
profitable than a largo one poorly
Grass roots must have protection
from (be winter frosts if good meadows
are secured and maintained from
year to year.
A two-foot piece or old dU'i'l rail
1 from l hp railway track Is a very convenient
thing on the farm, it may bo
used as a ('heap anvil.
Manure Increase, the rapacity of a
soil to hold water This t does by
reason of tlio largo ainonnt of organic
mailer il contains.
Without doubt one of the pressing
problems with whirl! tho avorago
wf: tr rn farmer lias to deal la that ( f
i seenrin^ reliable farm help
Tho corn grow pi* should constantly
l)< il' III linii'l (>);if while growing his
<0111. lit- if preparing for future wheat
niid other <1111111 grain eropB.
The farmer who <ioes not pull die
leak p 111 >n'it of his pump he fore I lie
weather heroines eohl enough 10
freeze it up ? Ii<I ' liile fall of waler. ,
may not I ml it worth while doing so
. aflerwj <!:-> K
Wm& Us Mis
FOU a generation astronomers,,;
amateur and professional, have j
unqnestioningly accepted the I
statement that tiie moon was
nothing morn than a hnrncd-out 1
world, a dead planet, witliout atmosphere,
water or soil, alternately
frozen in a cold more intense than
any known to the earth, and sizzling
in a heat greater many times than
the burning atmosphere of Port Said,
the world's most torrid spot. The
pale disk had ceased to hold anything
of interest for the men who sit at
great eye-nieces of the meat classes
that sweep the heavens nightly. Tho
dead craters of the lunar volcanoes
had all been mapped and located tin"}
after time. They were universally believed
to be extinct. The moon was
looked upon ns an exhausted Held for
The great astronomical societies
art; not so sure about the moon now !
as they were a few months ago. Away
down on the lower limb of the big j
silver disk something is happening.
Just what it is tho astronomers do I
hot. Know. i here is n brilliant spot j
almost visible to the naked eye, an
ominous glowing ulcer, that seems to
bo growing brighter. Years ago tho
groat llerschol stoutly maintained
that there was still volcanic activity
on the moon's surface. Two great
craters, old I'rocultis and the great
Aristan bus, great holes In I lie battered
surface of the moon, worn pointed
out by llcrschel as examples of
the wrath of internal, pent-up forces '
that might some day make the pale j
satellite an awful objt-ct 111 the
Tho moon was tho subject of llio
first astronomical observations ever
made by mankind. Kven tbo red Indian
eounled bis timo by the waxing
and waning of tbe shilling disk. The
moon 01 little leaves, ol green corn,
of falling leaves and the moon of (
snows w< re his names for tlit' chang
inn phn: < s of (In- earth's satellite.
The I iahylonians, Chaldeans and Kgyptians
constructed iheir first rude calendar
froin the swinging of the moon
in itH sweeping, spiral path about the
Modern t? lescopes have shown the
seas and gulls t<> lie great depressions
Idled with dreary eraters, reminiscent
of a terrible volc anic activity. In east! I
Ihe Indicated disturbances should d* (
velop into a general cataclysm the 1
win id > astronomers would be given a
wonderful spectacle. Photographs of.
the moon, made through the great |
I.ii iv .inn *11 ii''is iJi mo worlds tnggest
glasses, show a terribly scarred
mid battered surface. There is some
thing in? xpresslbly dreary ami desolate
in a photograph fit' many of the
regions of the moon (!rea. rraters of
unknown depth lie in the midst of
mountain peaks that would stand
, i.I?> 1.1..i. ~i
ni.viiivii i 111h. i iiuuvf 1110 greatest
peaks of the Andes or the Himalayas.
The so c alled "seas" worn undoubtedly
the beds of primeval oceans in the
long ago, but they are bare as the
Sahara at present, and have possibly
been so for millions of years. They
are not at Jill at the same level, but
the beds of many of them seem to
have been twisted and warped by
some manic loree. mere nro far more I
c raters than there are mountains over
all its surface. They aeem to he, I
for the mo> i part, ruins of terrible
fiery mountains, l>ut some of them
were undoubtedly Mm rim walls of
molten lakes that have bubbled and
fieet 11 e d and Hteamed when the moon
and it parent earth wore young.
The true craters arc remarkably
Himiliv U) those ol I In* Mediterranean
volcanoes, having 'lie same abrupt
flepti; and sloping Hides gradually
rising from a level plain of cooled
lava. Forty of tbe lunar peaks are
higher than Mont lllanc, tbe highest
mountain of Kurope. The greatest
peak in the Leibnitz, mountains on the
moon rises to the tremendous height
of II.OOO feet. Mount Kverest, In the
Himalayas, earth's highest peak,
imshes its way but 29,000 feet above
tho level of the sea. These lunar
peaks have been measured with wonderful
accuracy, as the clearness of
the moon's atmosphere and the free
doin of its surface from clouds and
haze niako tlio operation an easy and
exact one with the aid of the micrometer.
All over the weird fa<-e of Luna aro
indications of a wonderful volcanic
activity, and the astronomers of the
earth aro wondering if we are to witness
the surface of our neighbor once
again in a cosmic agony. Seams
and cracks, chastlv nviito?wr>u r\t
cataclysm more rending than any Indicated
on the surfaco of die earth,
show something of the moon's travail
in past ages. These cracks, tiny lissures
in the field of view of the biggest
telescopes, cross and recross the
surface and zigzag along the beds of
the primeval seas.
CriiKBy and irreirulnr mrnmiiU
break the monotony of the moon's sky
line, but an earth dweller wandering
in these ancient sea beds would be
stricken dumb with the utter desolation
that would surround him. The
worst of the waste places of the earth,
the I'.ad Lands, the Clay Cliffs of
western ("iitna, tno windswept passes!
of the Tibetan mountains, llio Sahara,
Death Valley Itself, would all
bo fertile and greatly to be desired
areas in comparison with the chimneys
of dead volcanoes sot in a Mil-'
Ionian region paved with cinders and
scoria of long extinct craters.
If turn should visit the moon, granting
they were able to live for a mo- j
ment in its wonderful atmosphere,
they would find some weird conditions
existing. Nothing could be seen unless
the rays of the sun were falling
directly upon ' lie surface of the object.
Then- would bo no diffused light
and (lie long twilights of (Ik; earth
would bo unknown. When the sun's
rays faded from a peak or a rock.
Hint instant the rock or Ihe mountain
Inp would be swallowed up in blackness.
The instant a member of tl?<j
II'. Ill' ulol.rx.il Illin tlin cli.wlnm - f ?
liniar cran he woul 1 bo lost to view.
I'tUT nilence woul;l brood over tho
face of tbo desolate country and n
sound could be beard no matter bowloud
it might be. An avalanche, or
the tolling of a rn.i< down tbo milelong
wall of a lunar crater would not
cause a sound.
The earth would loom up in the sky
four times greater in size than th'?
moon over appears (o tho earth's
lovers who marvel at Its sizt* on mid (
summer night. <ts whtto polar caps
of Ice and snow would ho plainly visi- ;
l?lf. the groat dark oceans and tho ,
shifting cloud n.'cas would ho con-i
spicuous on Its glowing <1 ink. Tho
sun's rays reflected from the broad
face of tho earth would glvo a faint
heat, but neither the reflected rays
nor the direct beams of the sun himself
would bo able to warm the cold
lunar rocks to a temperature up
proaehing that of the earth.
The unknown ^id? of tii?' moon lias
! always exercised a groat power over
i tho more inrigit.ative of tlie astron
omers. Theories liavo boon advanced
thai on this unknown faro entirely
<1 iffci i nt conditions might be found,
I smiling areas in which tho traces of
lunar volcanoes and forgotten sea.s
i would ho missing from tho lunar landscape.
The absence of air and water
in any, t|uanlitlefl on the earth aide of
the satellite lias always led tho stu
dents to tho (tonclusion, however, that
the moon's period of habitation. If it
' over Mad hiicIi an ora, was in The dim
, and remote past.
I _ " ~ """
B * Housework is drudj
m I % e,? dusts and scrub)
vv \ fnan'r details o:
f temP'e? throbbing,
I If 1 Pa'Q> POBSibly dixx]
I A^rHf II 1 not refreshing, heoi
I Mfflir II I ?' refreshing si
1 BSml II I Tf?,ncn ' '
t I ** Makes
Bk appetite mat
Dr. Pierce is perft
L V his " Favorite Prca
"iSEWK ingredients on the b<
| j uloua druggist persu
1/ KWktxJBW composition is "jus
jLk 7 JB I bigger profit. Jui
J Dr. Pierce's Pica
OIL . Sold by 9??l
Tlio woman who throws herself at a
man's head seldom makes a hit.
Itcli Currfl In HO Mlnntrn l>y Wonlfnril'i
Dunuaryi^uiiuii.nuvt'r IUIIM. ;\i uruKgisiH.
Some men aro always looking for a
clianco to earn money, and some aro
Batislled If they ineroly get 1U
for rOl.lt* and
Flicks' CAPimiSK Is tho liest remedy?relieves
tho iiihlnK rind feverish nous cures tho
Cold and restores normal conditions. It's
liquid otTeots lmuicdluUy. 10o., 25c., und 60c.
At* drutf atores.
A Willing Witness.
"Did his actions havo an air of Verisimilitude?"
tho Inwvnp nskml tho wit.
"What was that, sir?"
"I Bay, did his conduct wear an air
"Oh," replied tho witness. "Sure!
IIo was vorslmllltudin' all around tho
place."?Saturday Evening Post.
Stepmother of Mint Julep.
Romance and poetry have delighted
to weave garlands with which to celobrate
and perpetuate tho glory of tho
blue grass in old Kentucky, famed for
us iiiio norses, oeauuiui women and
Kentucky has boon designated an
the homo of tho mint Julep, and lta
colonels have become famous all over
the world for the oasy and graceful
way In which they drink whisky with
a llttlo dash of sugar and a sprig or
two of mint In order, chiefly, to overcome
tho necessity for a largo amount
of water In tho bevorago. Tho truo
Kentucklan doesn't want his whisky
It transpires, however, that tho real
homo of the mint and tho mint Julep
1b right hero In Missouri, whoso crop
of mint last voar nmn:intr>H tn V rtr.3
pounds, or enough to mnko 1,224,320
Juleps. Tills amount Includes tho markoted
product only, no account having
been taken of tho countless thousands
of Juleps which were compounded
during tho year with a base of tho
undiluted moonshine whisky that
never paid a cent of tax.?St. Louis
Found tho Answer Was "Coffee."
Many palo, Blckly persons wonder for
years why (hey havo to Buffer so, and
eventually discover that tho drug?caffeine?In
coffeo la tho main causo of j
"I was always very fond of coffeo
and drank It every day. I never had
much flesh and often wondered why I
was always so pale, thin and weak.
"About five years ago my health
completely brol<o down anil I fnn.
fined to my bed. My stomach was In
such condition that I could hardly take
sufficient nourishment to sustain life.
"During this tlrno I was drinking coffee,
didn't think I could do without It.
"After uwhlle I camo to tho conclusion
that coffeo was hurting me, and
decided to give It up and try Postum.
I didn't like tho tasto of It at first, but
when it was mado right?boiled until
dark and rich?I soon bccame fond of
i < *
"In ono week I began to feel better.
I could eat rnoro and sleep better. My
sick headaches wero less froquent, and
within livo months I looked and felt
like a new being, hcndacho apolla en1
: "\i,. ? ---
..... ..v....n v viiiiiiii<-ii n> improve line
today I am well and strong, weigh J18
pounds. I attribute my present health
to tiio life-giving qualities of Postuin."
Head ""'ho Itoad to Wellvillo." in
pkgs. "Tiiero's a Reason."
I0\er rend (lip nhove letter f A new
one nppcnr* from time to lime. They
nre genuine, true, nml full of banian ,
gory for the weak woman. She brusRi,
or is on her feet all day attending to
f the household, her back aching, her
nerves quivering under the stress of
y feelings. Sometimes rest in bed ia
tuse the poor tired nerves do not pereep.
The real need of weak, nervous
ly Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription.
Weak Women Strong
ick Women Well, )
\crlptlon" removes the cause
t weaknesses, heals Intlam'
' ulceration, and cures thoso I
so peculiar to women. It f
i the nerves, encouraQcs the
? ?Muuv?70 rcaiiui 01CCP*
>ctly willing to let every one know what
cription " contains, a complete list of
ottle-wrapper. Do not let any unscniplade
you that his substitute of unknown
it as good*' in order that he may make '
it smile and shake your head I
lant Pellets cures liver ills.
Vill Keep Your
toft as a glove
:ough as a wire
>lack as a coal
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
HEN Uncle Sam puis Ins 0 K on anything
it stands lor current value and superior
worth; good as coir: o! tl\e realm. It is so j^B'
Snowdrift Ifoprless Lard. Every
i U. S. Inspected and Passed and is so labeled. I I
liny unless you see it on ihe can. StlOtV
t Hostess J jar (I is lite l*st shortening
n lor superior resulls In cooking, and health- H
nelils upon looJs and digestion. Made by I
: SOUTHERN COTTON OIL CO. I
nr York, Savannah, New Orleana, Chicago ^ o I
v aiiiaiica a uicvcr
Prompt Relief--Permanent Cora
LIVER PILLS ne??f
fail. Purely vcget
the liver. jSS^Sn^tTTLE
Slop after ^BUs&Sr IfllVER
cureindi-^^ , '""" ?*
Section? ireprore tha complexion ? brighten
io eye*. Small Pill, Small Do>?, Smal^Pricm
Genuine mu?tbe*i Signature v
AVERY & CO.
51-63 South Forgyth 8t., Atlanta, Qa.
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HFST IUPRIIVI II SAW Mil I (IB ! ' ADTU
u>.ui 1IUI1.U urtii mil,i, uil Lnniu
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Steam Governor*. Full line Engine* A
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One g'.ln It by highway men?Tent
of thousands by Bad Bowels?No dif?
ference. Constipation end dead liver
make tho whole system *ick ?Everybody
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Millions u*o CASCARETS, Life Saver I
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I Rich .vnd Costly Furs ||
fOSTI.Y FURS com* from YOOR TART I
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URST FUR MARKET and RIOHT FUR I
HOUSE. By ihlpplne direct to US, you I
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Obtained else-vhr re, became we iell DIRECT
to MANUFACTURERS of HIGH CHADS
WK NEED YOUR FURS. MARK U3 A
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ASK FOR IT. Our PRICES are NET to YOU.
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81 Ra?t I Vll. Mi. Capital- tf 0 C fl flflft
New York City tie,t ?t ) C U U ,U U U
! GET A SAW MILL I
from Lombard Iron Work*, AuftuU,
Go. M*k? monty uwirig neighbo/i
timber whtn (in engine ia idlo
after the crop* are Inid by.
W? toll yon how; end^ V 4
^Vr!t? tor ref?r?uc?ttnd
M. SABEL A SONS. f3W W
V U)I UT1I.IJI,*T. ' H. | I
T>fil?i? In Knr?, Illd?, Ml B D
Wo?l. Kttftfcllafc?4 lHwO* | ?wil^n
-other ?t?rch?? only U oiiik'hp?iimn prlco and
"'OtFIANCE" IB 8UPKHIOH OUALITV.
W. N. U., ATLANTA, NO. 62~19lfc