Newspaper Page Text
NOW HEAD OF WESTERN UNION
The election of Theodore N. Vail to
the presidency of the Western Union
Telegraph company to take the piace
of Col. Robert C. Clowry. who resigned,
furnishes a remarkable instance of
The father and mother of Theodore
N. Vail lived at Morristown, N. J.,
-7 where they owned the Speedwell Iron
works. For several years priorito 1843
Professor Morse had been Werking on
the telegraph, undiscouraged by the
remarks of friends that the scheme
was impractical and ridiculous.
In 1837 Alfred Vail, a young and am
bitious engineer, uncle of Theodore N.
Vail, came to the inventor's aid. The
dot and dash alphabet, known as the
Morse code, was worked out by Alfred
Vail, and the two men were at oppo
site ends of the wire when the historic
message, "What God hath wrought,"
was sent along the 'line in 1844.
Theodore Vail had moved to Carroll
county, Ohio. and there, on July 16, 1845, the young Theodore was born.
;Later the -Vails returned to Morristown, and there the boyhood of the new
:president of the Western Union was passed.
He went to New York and got a position as operator. His parents soon
after went to Iowa and young Vail got a place with the Union Pacific railroad
In a small towa west of the -Missouri river.,
He was twenty-one years of age then. In addition to his duties at the
key he had also to perform those of station agent and his satisfactory work
commanded the attention' of Gen. Grenville M. Dodge. chief engineer of
the Union Pacific. Seven years liter he was made general superintendent
of the rg.ilway mail service and sent to Washington. In Washington he
became acquainted with,Prof. Graham Bell, inventor of the t'elephone, and
at his request resigned from the mail service to join him in the telephone,
business. Just as his uncle had developed the invention of Morse forty years
before, Vail in 1878 started to develop.the telephone. The efforts of Theodore
N. Vail were responsible for the gigantic American Telephone and Telegraph
company of today, which controls the Western Union.
KINI5LY TRIBUTE FOR MOODY
A touching incident in connection
with the retirement of Associate Jus
tice William H. Moody from the Sud
preme Court of the United States. on
account of ill health, became public the
other day when the court spread upon
its records letters which had passed
between the court and Justice Moody
in regard to his resignation.
The members of the court who sat
with Justice Moody sent him a letter
- to which Justice Lurton and Justice
Hughes, appointed recently, concurred
in a postscript. The letter, signed by
Presiding Justice Harlan and Jus
tices White, McKenna, Holmes and
Day, reafs: .
* "Dear Brothr Moody: We cannot
* ,~i// 'N let you leave us without an egpression
- f 3 //j'f . # of our deep regret. The too few years
~'Lh Pduring which we sat together on the
....bench already had confirmed the
prophecy of your arguments at the
bar. They had proved that your unusual powers would be applied as faith
fully and impartially to dispassionate decision as when you were attorney
general they had been devoted to an always lofty presentation of a side. We
grieve that the country so soon should lose services that it ill can spare, and
we, companionship in which affection was joined to respect. But you have
left a sample of your work in the reports, and, we believe, have earned the
~reat reward-that the wise and good of the future, as well as of the present,
vwill say it was well and nobliy done."
~fEXPLAINS THE "WAR SCARE"
Secretary of War Dickinson, whose
suppressed report to congress caused
the "war scare" which set.Washington
oficial ,circles topsy turvy for a few1
days, has offered an explanation as to
how it all came about. The disclosure
of cross purposes in connection with
the report of the secretary of war, it~
seems, was occasioned by something
that ,went wrong in bureaucratic~ ron-I
The president was entirely ignorant
of thse contents of the report sent to
congress by Secretary Dickinson and
afterward suppressed. Secretary Dick
inson understood that the president
had seen the report and .approved its
The report was prepared by Maj.
Gen. Wood during the absence of the
secretary in his trip around the world.
General Wood directed the submission
of the document to the president an
supposed this had been done. It turned out that the report never reached
the president's desk. Secretary Dickinson returned, read the report, and
gave It his sanction in the belief that Its contents were known to the presi
dent. Not until the report had gope to congress as a "confidential" docu-.
ment and been returned with accompanying protests did the president knog
of its existence or Secretary Dickinson and General Wood know that the'
president had not seen It..
Dr. George Edgar Viricent, dean of
the faculties of arts, literature and sci
ence, and professor of sociology at the
University of Chicago, has been cho
sen president of the University of1
Minnesota by the board of regents of
that institution. He will succeed Pres
ident Cyrus W. Northrup on April 1,
at a salary of $10,000 a year. Dean
I- , Vincent has been with the University
of Chicago for eighteen years.
George Edgar Vincent was born at
Rockford, Ill., March 21, 1804. His fa
- ther, John H. Vincent, bishop in the
Methodist Episcopal church, was one
F of the founders of the Chautauqua in
stitution at Chautauqua, N. Y. After
graduating from Yale in 1885 Dr. Vin
cent spent a year in editorial work
and a year in European travel. In 1888
he became vice-principal of instruction
at Chautauqua. In 1890 he received
one of the first doctor's degrees grant-i
ed by the University of Chicago. He:
as made dean of the junior cc11ce5e in 1900 and professor of sociology in
04. HeI was made president of the institution at Chautauqua in 1907, at:
,he same time becoming dein of the faculties at the University of Chicago..
"For five years," write
Texas, "I suffered with pain
and side,~ and was so weak
A friend told me of Cardui
better! Now I can do all m
with pains at all. Cardui ha
Cardui, the woman's toni,
in cases of womanly ailment
tom, whether the pains come
A Mennonite Custom.
When a young man reaches the
marriageable age and shows those
well-known symptoms the eldgrs of
the church hold a meeting. ~They
decide if he is honest and reliable
to buy him a farm, usually an eighty.
Into the farm he puts his savings, and
then members of the congregation
raise the rest of the funds to pay for
This amount the young man must
pay back with a small rate of inter
est. Thus by example and material
assistance they bind him by the
strongest bonds, that of debtor to the
church. They know full well that
nothing can be lost, for the land is
always worth what it will cost. After
the young people are located on their
farm the elders assist with advice
and help. Do you wonder that this
thrifty people are gradually buying
the best of all Kansas land and tho
best part of the nicest little city
within the borders of that great
When Publicity Is Desired.
"X Y. Z, this office," was the way
the woman usually wound up the nu
merous lost article advertisements ne-.
cessitated by her absent-mindedness.
The other day she tired of anonymity
and returned in about ten minutes with
the request that her name be substi
tuted for the initials.
"I attended to that in the first place.
madame," said the clerk.
"You did?" she exclaimed. "How
did you know I wanted to use my own
He pointed to the words "Metropoli
tan opera house" in her advertisement.
"Because that is where you lost your
bracelet," he said. "I never yet met a
person who wished to keep his identi
ty secret when advertising for any
thing lost at the opera house. People
who lose things any place else in New
York often resort to initials when ad
vertising, but if it happened at the
opera house the more publicity they
can get the better."
An Awful warning.
To thiose students of English litera
ture who like to write of le dernier:
cr1 when they mean the latest craze.
and generally to pepper their pages
with tags of Latin and French, the fol
lowing authentic composition is pre
sented as an "awful warning," say-s
the *Unversity Correspondent. It is
the letter of an Indian subpostmaster
who is anxious to be promoted: "Sir:
I have the honor to request you that
.When the "Weekly" which sued
(because we publidy denounced
editorial attack on our claims) w
for some "weak spot," they thoi
send a N. Y. Atty. to Battle Cree!
25 of our workmen and took their
ments before a Commissioner.
Did we object? No. On the
help~ed all we could, for the oppi
too good to be lost.
Geo. Haines testified he inspects
and barley, also floors and every
factories to know things were
That every 30 minutes a sample
ducts was taken and inspected
food up to standard and keep oui
Itles, also that it is the duty of e
the factories to see that anythir
is immediately reported. Has be
Co. 10 years.
Edward Young testified had be
15 years. Inspector, he and his
ined every sack and car of wheal
to see they were up to standard
H. E. Burt, Supt., test!fled har
Co. over 13 years. Bought on)
grain obtainable. That the Co. I
of men who do nothing but keep't
bright and polished.
Testified that no ingredient went
Nuts and Postum except those pr
advertising. No possibility of
things getting into the foods as:
machinery is kept closed. Asked
tory is open to the public. said"
took from two to three guides c<
show visitors through the works."
of the processes were carried on be
At this point attys. for the "W
to show the water used was fron
side source. Testified the water
s Mrs. L Fulenchek, Houstor
s all over, especially in my bac]
I could hardly do my housework
. Since taking it, I feel so mucl
( housework, and am not botheret
s been a wonderful help to me.
:, has proven especially beneficial
s with pain as a principal symp
from too much walking, standing
I did not receive any answer to my
petition. as yet. Though I am flagrante
delicto, flat justitia aut ruat soelum.
My younger Fra has gone articula mor
tis. Ipso facto 0! tempora 0! mores.
Does the life of a man go out like a
candle? Sic transit gloria mundi that
veni, vidi, vici. It is a outrance af
faire d'bonneur which is agenda for
your pertinently consider."
A Shame to Spend the Money.
"Pianissimo, pianissimo," said the
vocal teacher to the student, "your
voice is too loud. Learn to shade your
And the student worked hard tc
carry out Instructions.
When she went to her next lesson
the teacher said: "Better-but still
too loud. Try again-you will get it
after a while."
Again the student returned to her
room and tried for. a softer tone. Again
the teacher told her it was still too
Now William, the colored butler,
without whom. the house would never
have gone on broperly, had heard and
wondered at this gradual diminishing
of tone. It did seem a shame to spend
the money. He would interview the
lady who occupied the room below
that of the vocal pupil.
"What does you think about de
voice above?" he asked, pointing to
the ceiling. "Hit strikes me hit's
growin' weakah ev'y day."
Her First Vote.
It was the evening of election ,day,
and Higgleby had just returned home.
"Well, my dear Jane," said he, as
he kissed his wille "did you vote to
"Yes." replied the lady.
"Straight ticket, I suppose?" smiled
"Well, no," said Mrs. Higgleby. "Aft
er thinking it all over and reading the
platforms of both parties, I felt that
one was about as good as the other,
so I split my ticket;"
"Split it?" roared Higgleby. '"Why,
how did you do it?"
"Why, instead of putting an X aver
the name of one candidate," said Mrs.
Higgleby, "I divided it in half and put
a V over both."-Harper's Weekly.
Their Happy Time.
Caroline-Are Emily and her hus
Carl-Well, part of the time.
Caroline-Part of the time?
Carl-Yes, when she's at home and
be's at the office.
us for libel He testified the w
them for an high-grade and insped
as searching cian to be sure they
xght best to ical condition; also t
c, summoned showed that Co. pay!
sworn state- average and he thou
contrary, w9 F. B. Martin, Asst
,rtunity was Nuts made of whe
water. Anything els
ad the wheat made of Wheat, Whea
part of the Molasses. Statement
kept clean. ence.of about 10 year
of the proa- Testified bakers. ar
to keep the white suits, .changed<
:any impur- had never known an:
very man in sent out that were b
ig not right of inspectio'n. Asked
en with the with the Postum Co.
to testify. Said, "No,
en with Co. Horace Brown testiF
men exam- years. Worked in
:and barley Testified the whole of
mnd rejected Wheat and Barley.
beenwith him, .but .he . insisted
ibe wth could see that nothing
y the best Said machinery and fl
:ept a corps So these men were
hiings clean, ly" lawyers hoping tc
would say that some
Into Grape- put in or some uncles
inted In the somewhere.
any foreign But it was no use.
most of the Each and every ma:
if the fac- and cleanliness.
res" and "it As a sample, taket
anstantly to W. Mayo.
Said none Testified been with(
hind closed Now working in the I
ing Grape-Nuts. Testi
eekly" tried floors are kept clean a
i some out-- they go In are kept
came from wearing apparel of ti
pure. changed three timesa
stooping, or just as a symptom' of
Cardui is a strength-building
your system is out of order, or if
pains, to which women are peculiz
C -Women who r
Fifty years of si
D ' fidence in Cardui, ti
Ise ing this time, Car
women. Why not:
All druggists k
Get a bottle and
First Owners of Furs.
"Women who expect to buy furs this
winter show a lively interest in the
Zc.o animals," said a Philadelphia ani
mal keeper. "They w'ant to find out
what the animal looked like that were
their fur coats and muffs before the
furs were nade over for them.
"The recent warnings against imita
tion furs have made them particular
ly curious. Somehow they imagi-ne
that by comparing the fur of a live
lynx with a cat or a rabbit they will
be able to detect the difference in dyed
furs. Of course they won't, but any
how this little excursion into natural
history will do them no harm. '
"Women with caracul coats are the
most persistent investigators. Very
few people except furriers know what
kind of an animal caracul grows on,
and the snecimens of the Russian
sheep that produce real caracul and
the Chinese sheep that cheap wool
that is sold for caracul grows on have
been trotted out for inspection so often
that they have become as blase as a
New York show girl."
London's Standards of Length.
Londoners have access to authori
tative standards for comparison pur
poses. These are fixed on the outside
of the wall of Greenwich observatory,
and the various lengths are decided by
passing the measure to be tested be
tween raised points inserted in metal
plates. At the Roya observatory also
is a pound b y which any
pound weig -4,- rifled. Stand
ards of 10 o ,~idne chain (66
feet). with ison accurately en
graved on them, marked on brass
plates, .are available for public pur
poses in Trafalgar square, being let
into t.he. granite steps on the north
side of the square. Where rigid ac
curacy is desired recourse must-be
'had to the Standards office in Old
Palace Yard. where the tests are car
ried out under the scientific conditions
as regards temperature, etc.. prescribed
by act of parliament-Dundee Adver
A church at Southend. England, has
been dedicated to St. Erkenwald-the
only one of its kind in existence. Erk
enwald, who was bishop of London
from 675 to 693 A. D., was at one time
a very popular saint in his country. It!
was he who built the first stone cathe
dral of St. Paul's. He, too, it was who
erected in the eastern portion of the
city the gate which gave the name to
Bishopsgate. This prelate suffered from
id Opportunity t<
orkmen were first-class, Q. D~o you
:ted by the Co.'s physi- self at all?
were all in proper phys- 'A.. Yes, I
estified that state reports .Q. If from
better wages tkan the which you ha
ght higher than any in the factory yc
or impure in
. Supt., testified Grape- A- I do no
at, barley, yeast and Asked if an:
e? "No, sir." Postum had. asked hi
t Bran and New Orleans manner. Stat
s made on his experi- All these s'
s withC. excluded from
>required to wear fresh thy ould'
every other day. Said the purity an
rof the products being for the "Wee:
elow the high standard court that the
If any one connected
had instructed him how What a dis;
sir." - - But the test
led has been 'With Co. 9 All of the gi
GIrape-Nuts bake shop- and J-ost To:
the flour is composed of possible to. ob
Attys. tried to confuse
that any casual visitor All parts of
else went into the flour. ly clean.
oors always kept clean. None of the
examined by the "Week- tsiy
find at least one who tet-y
under-grade grain was Most of ther
mn condition was found with the Co.
tables at hom<
1 testified to the purity Whrd peNt
he testimony of Luther they, themselv
~ompany about 10 years. "The
akery department mnak
fled that the ovens and
nd the raw products as
clean. Also that the POStuin
'e employes has to be
general female weakness.
medicine. You need it if
you suffer from any of the
eed strength; should find it
iccess have produced a con-.
iat cannot be ignored. Dur
lui has benefited a million
.ep Cardui in stock, all the
try it, to-day.
gou\ during the later years of his life
and had to be carried about on a litter.
After his death this litter was carefu4
sly preserved in Old St. Paul's, where
he was buried, and in course of time
ipiraculous virtues were attributed to
it. It was held to be a sovereign cure
for fever, and fever-stricken pilgrims
from all parts of" the country would
lock to the shrine of St.. Erkenwald.
Mixed on His Melody.
A well-known newspaper that boasts
the authority and the excellence of its
dramatic and musical criticism pub
lished recently ; criticism of a certain
charming light opera. The dramati
editor was lavish in his praise of songs
and singers, remarking, with a digni
fied reminder to his readers that it
was his business to pass judgment, not
unmixed with censure, that the plot
was slightly unconvincing.
Of the music, however, he wrote in
terms of highest commendation. And
he closed his article with praise for
the charming entr'actes.
The typesetter got free with the
copy, however, or there -was a mistake
made by the printer's "devil." At any
rate, this is what appeared as the
closing sentence of a really masterly
piece of criticism: *
"Last night's music between the acts
was unusually melodious."
Abolish Bear Traps.
Williamsport sportsmen intend to
circulate petitions to the legislature
looking toward the abolition of bear
traps. The aly persons using traps
are those who hunt bears for -mar
ket, and sportsmen are anxious that
sthe bear be more fully , protected
than under the present laws. It is
poInted out by those -back of .the
movement that the catching of bears
in traps not only tends to exterminate
the species of .game but -is a cruel.
practice, as the animals frequently
free themselves by leaving,- parts of
their legs in the trap.-Phladelphia
A Mariseilles "m'dical Expert" has:
just dlistinguished himself -by declar
ing that a young woman-found 'dying
on the pavement of one. of the -treets.
had been assassinated. IRf6 rt4
knowledge enabled-h1iistate that
the causes of death was a dagger stab
in the back. It has been proved that
death was really due to a fall from the
fourth floor of a house on to the pave
ment below. *The '"dagger. wound"
was a bruise caLsed by the fall.
itse J'ostum or Grape-Nuts you?
se them at home.
your kn'owledge of the factory
ye gained in your ten years at
>u believed that they were dirty
any way, would you use them?
t think I would. No.
r one on behalf of the Company.
rn .to testify in any particular
vorn depositions were carefully
the testimony at the trial, for
sound well for the "Weekly."
e fact that every man swore to
d cleanliness so that the Atty.
Cly" was forced to say in open~~
food was pure and good.
lppointment for the "Weekly!"
-nin used in Grape-Nuts. Postum
~sies is the highest standard
the factory are kept scrupulous
wor'kmen had been told how to
1 have been from 10 to 15 years
and use the products on their
air families use the products,
>stum and Post Toasties, that
re's a Reason"
Cereal Co., Ltd.,