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'MUD GUARD IS TELESCOPING
With kThie Device One Can Have His
Machine Equipped for Good or
Bad Roads-How Made.
A telescoping mud guard for use on
'bicycles has been inven!d3 by a Flor
Ida man.' In clear weather the parts
can be slid into each other and no
body will know there Is a guard on
Telescoping Mud Guard.
the wheel. Most bicycles nowadays
are made without these mud guards
over the rear' wheel and cyclists do
not carry them for use in occasional
emergencies. With this device, how
ever, a man may have his bicycle
equipped so as to be prepared for good
roads or bad. The guard comprises a
fixed casing under the back fork with
two telescoping parts, one of which
receiVes the other, and both of which
slide into the fixed part. Along the
main casing and the second one are
small openings through which knobs
on the parts enclosed in them pass
and -hold the whole structure firm.
There is also a longitudinal spring
which operates the parts and pushes
the Inner ones out when they are re
IFE ON ELASTIC EARTH
sore-own That Shores on Opposite Sides
mak of Tidal Basin Approach Each
you Other at High Tide.
.L hi - *seems more rigid than the
ust ~o n. ut scientific men
tell us that it bend na'tckles alp.
preciably under the pull of tle libav
nuly bodies, says the Youth's Com
vjtanion. Careful observation has also
shows that the shores on opposIte
sides of a tidal basin applroach each
other at high tide. The weight of the
water In the Irish sea, for instance, is
so much greater at that time that
the bed sinks a trifle and consequent
ly pulls1 the Irish and Einglish coasts
nearer together. The buildings of
Liverpool and DublIn may be fancied
as bowing to each other across the
channel, the deflections from per-pen
dicular being about one Inch for every
sixteen miles. It has been shown,
too, that ordinary valleys widen under
the heat of the sun and contract again
at night. We live not on a rigid, but
.an elastic globe.
TO CLEAR SNAGGED FISHHOOK
Device Can Be Put Together With
Taper End of Curtain Spring and
Stock or Old Poie.
A device for unhooking a snagged
fishhook can be madle of the talper end
of an old curtain spring and a stIck or
old fishing pole. A part of the coil Is
Clears Snagged Fishhook.
straightened out andi a ring bent on
the end, large enough to pass over the
rinkers. The ring is left oipeni so it
'aln be placed over' the line at any
point. The remaining coil of the
sprinlmg is slipped on the cnd of the
sti lkl and~ fastened. with sicr'ews or
staples. VTe Illustration shows how
the device is applied to the fishhook.
What She Remembered.
"We'll, lmy child," said a strict pa
rent, on returning from church, "what
(do you remiember' of all the pre'acher'
said?" "Nothing," saidl he, gr'avely.
'neow, rmember' the next time you
go to c'hur'ch you must tell me some
thing ho says or you'll have to stay
Indoors and study your catechism,
Ne'xt Suinday the little girl came home
all excItement. "I remember sonme
thing. papa," said she. "Well, what
did(1the preacher' any?" 'lHe said,"
she cried dlelight 11ly. "Now a collec
tion will be takey .
Johnny Want\\ i Calf.
A little boy was v\ \,ixious to
have his uncle give him \, tie Jersey
calf. The uncle said: "Joh. ile, when
youi want anything ver'y huac-h you
should pray for it." "Well," said the
little fellow, "do0 you belIeve, uncle,
llat (God w~ouild give mie a calf ifr
should pray for- one?" "Why, of
curs," sid the geood uncle. "W\ell,
uncle," salid the boy. "give me this calf
i nd you pr-ay for the other' calf."
BOTH WERE INSPIRED ALIKE
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Maupas.
sant Had Same impressions of
Lonely Schwarenbach Inn.
';Ie Arthur Conan Doyle once walked
uv 'he Gemini. lie was much im
l ,Lvd by the desolate appearance of
''io 1iomfy looking Schwarenbach inn.
Her%, it vemed to him, was an ideal
:ep A Ich a novelist might locate
:t Ator% it::,'stery and crime.
;--t- ikd to invent a story of
? ' x(id 'line suitable to the
t ' )11 dmEit. It was a story of
ml?: . tih ir - of a long-lost son
just !n" r' wars, by his own
fathi:., ( - - keeper, who did
not re ,o after the deed
was doi .ed to kill and
rob the ranger who
passed th - ney in his
"The very Sir Ar
thur, and he n e hill cheer
fully revolving - ,bid conception
in his mind. 'I. -i a strange thing
happened, says Travel and Explora
After dinner, in the hotel at Leuker
bad. lie picked up a volume of Mau
passant's short stories, and he found
that the French author had not only
been to the Schwarenbach inn before
him, but had actually located there a
story practically identical with the
one which lie himself had just de
JOHNNY IN TIHE GARDEN.
Johnny's in the garden,
Digging with the hoe;
On his brow Is m1ois ture,
On his cheeks a glow.
No hi e Isn't planting
Johnny's in the gat-den
Digging fashing worms.
NOVEL MACHINE FOR BATTING
Apparatus Is So Arranged That it
Will indicate Power Baseball
Player Puts Behind Bat.
Weight-lifting, machines, punching
machines and those that show how
nard a manh can hit with a wooden
sledge will stand no show in pu-bllc
favor when the batting machine hert
Novel Batting Machine.
shown conmes into general use. For
this last-named appIar'atus wvill indh
cate the batting strength of the great
American putblic, which is composed
chiefly of baseball fans. A tall shaft
has an arm extending froem it on
which is lpivoted a revolving bar with
a ball on either' end. A cable winds
arouind a dr-um on the bar and passes
over- the tot) of the shaft andI down
the other side, where it is attached
to a weoight. To use the machine a
man faces it with a bat in his hands
and gives one of the balls a swat.
Thlis causes the bar to irevolve and
winds up the shaft. If the ball reaches
thle top thie hit is a home run. If
not, there are spaces to indicate
whether it is a one, two or three base
Why is a pair of skates like an
apple? liecause they have both oc
casioned the fall of mani.
Why can a blind man always s~eo
his father? Because the father is al
ways apparent (a parent)
WVhy can you never expect a fish
erman to be generous? hlecause his
business makes him sell fish.
Why did the Hlighlanders -'o moet
harnm at Waterloo' Because every
man had one kilt before ti'c battle.
What ailment is the oak most sub
ject to? A corn.
What is odd about a horse's eat
ing? He eats best when he hasn't a
bit in lis mouth.
What city is drawn more frequent
ly than any other? Cork.
What C. 0. D. Means.
Tommy-Mamma had a lot of things
Pent home11 C. 0. D). today. What does
C. 0. D). mean ?
Tommy's P~p-C. 0. D., my son,
means call on dad.
NEW SAFE FOR MILK BOTTLE
Ingenious Apparatus That Is Destinec
to Balk Petty Thieves-Opened
Only With Key.
It took two Michigan men to de
vise the milk bottle safe shown here
but between then they contrived i
most ingenious apparatus that is de
stined to balk the petty thieves tha
steal milk bottles from doorsteps
New lVilk Bottle Safe.
The safe is a box just big enough tc
hold two bottles, side by side, and i
divided into two vertical comn part
ments. The door has a spring loch
and the key is held by the house.
holder, the milkman not requiring
any. in the fact that the milkman
needs no key lies the feature of the
device. In the botUm of one coi.
partment is a trapdoor that strikes
the lock on the front door as it h,
pushed up and opens the latter.
When a bottle is placed on the trap
door, however, and a sliding bar ad
justed just above the bottle to pre
vent its being raised, the milkman
can close the front dor of the safe
with the assurancq that no thief can
enter. At the side of the box is a
hook to hold any extra bottles.
VENTILATION IN DAIRY BARN
Some of Essential Points In Gecuring
Proper Amount of Fresh Air
in Cow Stables.
The essentl'al points in securing
sufficient and satisfactory ventilatior
In stables are, according to the King
system of ventilation, as, follows:
Stable walls and ceilings should b
practically air tight and non-conduc
tors of heat and cold. Doors and
windows should fit well.
Fresh air intakes should he noi
more than ten or twelv'e feet apart
King Ventilating System.
They should have the outside opening
at least three feet below the insidc
op~ening, with the inside opening'-ai
the ceiling, provided wIth a valve oi
Foul air flues should be air tight
andi non-conductors of heat and cold(
They should have their lower op~ening~
about one foot ibove the floor level
and with as few bends as p~ossilc
paiss upwarid to a height of at least
twc nty-five feet, andl should alwayl
be twvo or three feet above the ridgi
of the roof or of any near-by roof1. ir
building these flues around a girt os
plate thIiey must be enlarged in pr~opor
tion to the size of the ob~st ructilot
REGULAR TIME FOR MILKIN(
Job Should Not Be Performed b)
Tired, Dirty Farm Hands, Just
In From Field.
There is much loss in milking he
cause of having this wor'k (lone b)y
tiredl and dirtyi mil kers, but thle mier
doing the work are not to blame 10o
being in this condlition, says a wriit e
in the Kimball's Djairy Farmer. The
come from the fields with their clothe
covered with (lust andi perspirauon0
atnd as sooni as they have their suppe
commence the milking, Is it. any won
der that it is often only half done? I
farmers would make it a rule not t
compel the hellp to do milking out (:
seasonable working hours they wout
experlence much less trouble ini se
curing help. Theo milking should b)
made a part of the day's work and nic
an addition to it. Many farmers. espi
cially where only ten or fifteen cow
are kept, look upon this job as a sid
issue; that is, the milkIng can bi
done when they can't do anyt hun
else. The milking is as imiportanlt a
any part of the work, and whethe
you are plowing or harvesting, maok
your plans) so that when the tim
comies to milk it can be done wit hou
any delay. Again, the best result
(catnnot b~e had from cows unless the
are milked at regular hours.
GREEN RYE FOR MILK COWS
May Be Fed When It Heads Out and
There Is More Nourishment in
It at That Time.
Creen rye may be fed as soon as it
Ieads out; there is 'ien the most
nourishment in the stalks. Cut when
free of dew, and let it wilt a few
hours before feeding. Feed small
quantities ptt first. A half forkful may
be given to each cow after the hay
has been eaten. When fed thus there
I Is no danger of bloat or hoven. The
feeling of green feed to cattle should
be In the hands of a careful man, and
not given to boys or a careless hand.
Attention to this rule will frequently
save the life of a valuable cow.
Horses at work should not be given
green feed, as It Is liable to produce
colic. Cows should not be turned out
to pasture too early. Wait until the
grass has made some growth, and
there Is some nourishment in the
grass. Before turning out to grass
give the cows a feed of hay or straw
first. After the hay is eaten they are
turiied on the pasture. For the first
(ay or two let them graze, one or two
hours. When the cows are accus
tomed to the change they may remain
out all day. Experlenced dairymen
feed a small grain ration throughoutI
the grazing season. If you are getting
Ii* cents per gallon for nilik. It will
pmy to do this.
EXCELLENT QUALITY OF MILK
Jersey Cow Is Unsurpassed for Beauty,
Utility, Profit and Superiority
The milk of the Jersey cow will al
ways be in great demand with the
critical consumer, because it contains
far greater proportion of nourishing
solids and rich, highly flavored, but
ter fat than the milk of other breeds.
The man who investigates the ad
vantage of the, Jersey cow Over thei
dairy breeds will generally invest his
money In a .ersey cow, and the pirofits
will demonstrate his wisdom.
The Jersey cow yields as mue.
profit as two or more ordinary cows
She is healthy, vigorous. and costa
no more to keel) than an Inferior cow.
Prize Winning Jersey Helfer.
The milk from the Jersey cow is 30
per cent. richer than the average cow.
The Jersey cow is unsurpassed for
beauty, utility, profit and excellent
quality of product.
L. Horton, one of the biggest retail
ers of mIlk in New York state, is
charging twenty cents a quart for
sonmc of the milk he sells. The milk
is priodlucedl by the owner of a farm
at Newburgh, N. V., andl cleanliness
Is Insisted oin to an extent almost unt
believable. '[le cows are wvashedl and
wiped with spotless linen, and whelin
the millk is obitained it is handled as
though It were champagne. The milk
is sold to the "gilded rich" in New
Oid Cream Is Bad.
Deliver the swveet cream as often as
possible, at least three times a week
ini the summer and twice per week
during the winter. Wiral) a heavy
blanket around the can to keep thu
cream from freezing oin the road to
the creameiry or cream station. Duiring
warm wveat her soak this blanket In
cold water to keep the cream cold.
ad1( cream will not make good
D~a Irylig is thle miost p roinent
biranch ofi faming.
A lit tl IlIaxativye feed s hould( ho
gi ven at thle time of freshen ingt.
.Alilk cows must have ana abun danco
of water or they will tall off' In milk.
A cow that milks foir only fIve or
six moniths is seldom a profitable
I irregularit y andl too much geiierns
osity in feedinig the call are often
i d anger-ous.
r\When your cows do not pay for
their feed, it's time to change the feed
- --or t he cows.
S elling the prioduicts of the field to
,the wws and1( hogs is deliveing their
r lo the est imarket known.
- If there Is a niotlceabile fallinjg off in
f the imilk, see if a change in the ra
> t10on cainnot bring back the flow.
('Cows like miolasses and as it makes
1 othe liifeed taste good, natuiiral' & aids
digestion and Is a good tihing to feed.
When calves5 betgiin to scouir skip a
tfeed ori twvo andi tl'ey will generally
-comie arounmd all iight In a short, timae.
'l'e sliio enabiles thle dlalrymian to
El keepl more livestock oni Ithe samie numIi
e hmei of aci'es and1( at less (t.' in feed
z and lbor.
s Never take a very young calf away
mr from its mnotheri and lput it oni skim
n mIlk. Taperci it off frmom whole ilk to
e ski:-uiilk gradually.
S lvery dairiymanm iihould011 conduoct h-,
5 business in such a manner that he catr
y' say to aniy man: "I am a dlairymnaL
Iamid I am jiroudl of it."
SOUGHT BY TOURISTS
Valley Forge Is Rich in Historic
Whizzing Automobiles Now Bring
Groups of Patriotic Sightseers to
This Scene of the Revolution's r
Philadelphia, Pa.-Through the love
ly wooded hills and up and down the
ialleys which give the name of that
ilstoric spot, Valley Forge, the scene
)f the darkest days of the Revolution,
o rushing and whizzing nowadays the
:ourly automobiles bringing groups of
)atriotic tourists from all the coun
Lry What a change in the spot and in
the i)eople since that time when Wash
nglon and h ip suffering lerogs
amiped among these picturespe
1ills. What a gap between those foot
Sore, discouraged inen and the pleas
ire-seekers whirled in luxury through
lis great national park.
For some eight niles the motor
'oute circles about over the flne park
roads, and on every side the natur a l
,harms of the beautiful scenery are
lianced by the hostoric associations.
\taniy memorial tablets have been
wected, marking where different divi
;Ions of the army or various con
nanders were stationed. Here and
here are log cabins, reproductions of
.he olden huts, and standing on the
)Id sites. There are lines of the old
mntrenchments to trace, and much else
>f interest to a student of military
iffairs, but the automobile is toc
;wift for study of this sort. The
\lemorial chapel, unfortunately, does
aot lie on the route taken; it requires,
nd well deserves, a separate trip.
One does, however, pass the old
;chool house, built by Lietitia Penn in
1703, which was occuplied by the Con- I
Inental army as a nospital during the
vinter of 1777-1778. The flag floats a
>ver it, and a group of budding clti
tens, who ought to devel remiark- f
ible loyalty educated in aml a shrine
>f liberty, flock out for recess as the
tuotor car passes.
But the central point of the trip is,
)f course, Washington's headquarters. I
rhis plain old stone structure is a fine
examiple of the sturdy buildings of
Colonial times. In its simplicity and
strengaftha it. shanames the flimsy w'or-k
of moderna comntracitors. Thme lnter-ior
is v-ery in terest lng. Thec t wo main
roomas on the ground flour openf from
ho widle paneled hall withi ample
smnail-paned windows. In but h recep
tiona r-oom and1 ofilce the walls are
adornmed with p~ortr-ai ts, ad valuable
relies in cases and in the oldl-fash
ionaed chimney cupb~ioard attract the
eye. "Grandfather's clock ticks in the
corner, and an old1 gun fills the open1
Across an open passage through
which sun and wvind have full play,
is a wing containing the quaint old
kitchen. While this separation of
the kitchen fr-om the main bod y of
the house has -owe advantages, thme
modern housewife would certainly
object to the unnecessar-y steps it
occasions. And she would doubtless
be at a loss to get a meal over the
fireplace with its hanaging hooks and
From the pump room adjoining the
kitchen a steel) flight of steps de
scends to an under-grounad panssage,
only lighted fronm an opening ha the
lawn above. The other- end of theo
passage once commnamicaltd with thae
river and thaus afforded a mans of
refuage andl escape in case of surp~rlse
by the enemy. That, end haas baeen
closed up, btL the ci-ous investigator
can descend and walk alonag theo
(lamp, dark passage, with thaoughts of
tne dlangerous days when such a so
cret way was d1eemed necessary.
Thae bedrioomas on thle floor- ablove
are very at triactive in thleirm qaaInmainess.
They hanve beena fura- Iyihed by dilffer-enit
chaapters of the D)aughters of thme RIe
iution with saitable1 antilquto furilturi o
so they musnt look very muciah as I ley
did( in thea hours whaen \Vaishingtona re
laos-ed lan thla big " fouar-posler, or in
the st raigtbacked chaiar by thao fire
pilnce braooded over the perils of thec
counitry. On the thaird floor, to wich.
one' mu ast cli mb wila 1)ended1I head if
a buimp is to be avoided, the bedroom,
Is as cozily old-faishaoned as anythinag
in the haouase.
MAlah ie maighat be larofitably spent
in looking over thein as, plans, etc.,
whaich hanag abouat thae walls of theo
hall and the main aooms, butt thme lam
tear"st of thec aveage tourist in such
mat tea-s is soon giutt(ed amnd hae prefers
to wvalk about thec lnan anda view thae
houaso from every slide, or stroll down
to the Schauyikill river' In fmout of thec
headqumarters anad people thela scenae
with thae figures of' Waushinmgton and
Mail Horse Holds Record.
l'ortlanzd, Or-e.--4. .1. 1llogel, rural
malI carrier, own.<; aa mare that has
';avel 1 4,000 miles a the employ
'i the govenment
rHEY BELIEVE IN COMMUNiSMI
Bhakers Get Their Name Fror., thol
Violent Contortions introducid
in Their Worship.
New York.-The Shakers are P
>ody of seceders from the Society of
?riends formed by Ann Lee (Mother
nn) of Manchester, England, abouti
.767, and so called from tho wild and'
Iolent contortions introduced by
fem into their form of worship.j
rheir official title is "The United 80
:ety of Blelievers in Christ's Second-I
\iparing." The sect emigrated to
\merica in 1772 and settled near Al-,
many in' 1774. Their chief seats havel
ieei at Mount Lebanon and Water
A Typical Shaker.
'let, N. Y. They number 15 soelities
n the United States and have a niei
ership of about 1,728.
The Shakers believe in spiritualism,
oractice celibacy, and community of
Poods, oppose war, refrain from oaths
rd denounce baptism and the Lord's
)upper. They are noted for their
rugality, Integrity and thrift. In
lount Lebanon, their largest con
nunity, there are several families
nade up of 150 persons. including 35
>oy; anid girls. The other societies
tre made up In about the same ratio
is the one at Mount, Lebanon.
The announcement that they aro
Pvinding up their financial affairs In
3hio and New York calls attention to
the final failure of one of the longest
existing of the many communistic ex
periments that have been tried in this
In the years following the American
Revolution, more than a score of com
munistic sects and colqnies were es
tablished in the United States. Some
of them appealed to the sensualitles
and , sone of them were plain swin
dles. The Shakers held out no sensu
il or financinf allurements and - it.~it
surprising that they have endured no
long, except on the theory that their
simplicity in living attracted re 'ults
and made them the sole survivors of
all these social experiments. With
their passing will close one of the
muost interesting chlapters of social
experimenits in the history of any;
ANOTHER SACRED CALF BORN
This Makes the Fourteenth Which
Has Come into the Chicago
Zoo Zebu Fam~y.
Chicago-Another sacred calf, the.
fourteenth born to Romeo and Juliet,1
in the 14 years of their residence at'
the Lincoln Park zoo, has made its.
'Lppearanlce. I Lundredis of persons,
thronged to the zevu's pen to look.
Li. the new arrival.
"The Lincolno park zoo is getting a'
reput at ion as ai breedIng ground for,
inimnals, and we are supplying al
Zebu "Juliet" and Calf.
most every zoo in theo count ry with
>ur rare speelmenstI5" said Superin-.
Lendent ('y lI a Vry. "Only the other
:Jay we sh ippedl a t we-year-old zebu
to the WamshingtonI Park Zoological so
elety at Mlilwaukee.
"Althbough thie zebus have the roe
ord, thec lioness and lion are slowvly
gaining upon them in raising a family.
Th'le lioness, as a rule, gives birth toi
three at a time, whilh the sacred cow
has oniy one offspring."
The 't.bu is a native of India, where
it is revered by the inhabitants. It
is pampnlered and caressed, and to feed
it is dleemed a meritorious act. Theo
animal is used as a beast of burden
aind can travel from 30 to 40 miles a
Horseshoe in Pine Tree.
Miilton, lnd--in the heart of a pino
tree 18 Inches in diameter a horseshoe
was found by M1. E. I lubbell when he
cut the tree down. The position of tile
horseshoe indicates that it waA. placed
around the tree many years ago when
it was a sapling and in time had been
eovered by the growth ofthes wood.