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FSECRETARY TO KING GEORGE
Forty years in one job is not a bad
record, yet this can be claimed by
Lord Knollys, King George's private
secretary, whose retirement is now
imminent. He began his duties with
the late king when Prince of Wales
and has been the secretary of his son
and successor. He originally intend
ed to give up his arduous duties at the
death of the late king, and it was well
understood that he merely stayed on
in order to "train in" Sir Arthur
Bigge, upon whose shoulders the re
sponsibilities of the royal secretary
ship will now fall.
Such a post requires not only hard
work, but a keen knowledge of the
world, combined with tact, judgment,
decision and memory. It has been
said of Lord Knollys that no one could
hope to undertake his task with a
tithe of the success which now at
taches to it.
The royal correspondence alone
would frighten the average man.
About o00 letters a day are addressed to the king, and the majority of these
are attended to by Lord Knollys, assisted by the under secretaries. No cor
respondence is more varied than that received by the king. It is -a peculiar
ity of the English court that no matter on what subject you address the oc
cupant of the throne, you almost invariably get a reply.
However, Lord Knollys is far from being merely a letter-writing ma
chine, for this constitutes quite a small part of his work. He has to keep
the king informed of all the engagements, to arrange his journeys, to keep
him posted in all that is going on in the outer world, and to have at his
finger ends the important news of the day.
Apart froni his secretarial duties Lord Knollys was an intimate personal
friend of the late king, and perhaps no one appreciated the dead monarch's
real generosity and kindness of heart as did his private secretary.
MILLIONAIRE'S WIFE BROKE
Mrs. Theodore Perry Shonts, moth
er of a dtichess and wife of an Ameri
can millionaire, recently found herself
in Paris unable to leave her apart
ment, which she must vacate at once,
according to the lease, on account of
not having money to pay tho usual
charges made when a tenant quits.
Mrs. Shonts rented an apartment on
the Avenue Hloche several years ago
at an annual rental of $3,500, exclusive
of taxes and other charges which
would run the figures much higher.
Obeying an urgent, imperative sum
mons from .her hu-band to return to
America, she gave notice that she
would not renew the lease when the
The difflculty with her husband
caused him to stop sending the usual *
remittances and when a bill for $400
was presented by the landlord to pay
for damages done to the apartment
during the term of the lease, Mrs
- y19-t.o herself without money
and unable to Tay; tth lfi'iiZ , - . Archibald, her attorney, taking com
passion upon Mrs. Shonts in her predicament, advanced the necessary money
and drew on Theodore Shonts to reimburse himself. His draft was returned
* unpaid, with the notation by Shonts that he sent money to his family when
he wished, and "did not want any interference from outside parties."
For some time the Shonts have been estranged, due, it is alleged, to Mrs.
Shonts' desire to mix with IEuropean nobility and to live abroad. Since it be
camie known that Mr. Shonts had stopped supplying his wife with means it
was rumored that she had threatened to sue for divorce. Mrs. Shonts denies
the latter allegation.
IA WIRY LITTLE AMBASSADOR|
James Bryce, ambassador of Great
Britain to the United States, is one
of the youngest old tuen in official cir
cles in Washington. He is past 70,
and yet he is as active, physically
and mentally, as though he were 20
years younger. In the winter when
* other men go about with throats muf
fled up and overcoats buttoned snug
ly about them, Ambassador [Bryce is
frequently seen walking briskly down
Connecticut avenue wIth no wrap out.
~ ,~4 ~A\ sidle his frock coat. Cold has n'o ter
rors for him and he stands the heat
p. equally as well. Seome time ago he
had an app~ointnment with Secretary
Knox at the state department about
noon, and at that hour the themnome
* 4 ter hovered about 100 and mounting
--7,," " higher. But on the stroke of the hour
in bustled Mr. Biryce, looking cool as
a cucumber, ready for busines and
c i.-; ~apparently not worried ever the op.
~. ",~ t.5. pressive temperature that wilted pee
ple generally. Mr. Bryce is just as
active mentally as ho is physically and he is interested in everything. No
sulbject is toe large or too small to attract his notice and in this manner he
has collected a tremendous fund of information upon every conceivable topic.
I CHOSEN RULE FTEEK
John P. Sullivan of New Orleans
was chosen grand exalted ruler of the
Or-der of Elks at Atlantic City, N. J.
Hie is a member of New Orleans
ioodge No. 30. Shortly after ho joined
the lodge he was elected esteemed lec
turing knight While holding that of
flee he gained the name of "Trhanatop
sls" Sullivan, because of his muagnifi
cent voice and his mnode of delivoring
* Ui'yanit's poem.
The third year ef his membership -
Sullivan wats elected exalted ruler of A
the lodge, and en the night of his in- 1"
stallation he declared that it was his ,
ambition to get a new home for No.
30. There was not a dollar in the
exchequer and the membership was
about 700. At the end of Sullivan's
se-onld year as exaltedl ruler of the
lodge New Orleans lodge had a home
that is second to none in the country,
P and a membership in excess of 1,700.
Sullivan is a man of magnificent
p~hysiquie, standing six feet three
inches in his stocking feet, and weighs 250. He was a West Point cadet,
but left thn military academy to study law. When the Spanish-American
war broeke out, Sullivan, who was lieutenant colonel of the WVashington ieloU
Artillery, volunteered with his command to go to the front. When the war
was over he reumed his law practice at New Orleans,
TEMPLE BAR TO BE RESTORED
One of the Original Gates of London
to Be Permanently Erected in
London.-Londoners are keenly in
terested in the proposed restoration to
the city of Temple Bar, one of original
gates of London, made possible by the
recent death of Lady Meux, on whose
estate it has stood since 1878.
In that year it was taken down from
its position In Fleet street, as it im
peded the increasing traffic, and the
late Sir Henry Meux bought it, had all
the stones carefully marked and erect
ed again at the entrance of his estate,
Theobald's park at Chestnut, a little
way out of London, where it has stood
Old Temple Bar.
ever since. It is suggested now to
put it up in Epping forest, one of the
nearest open spaces to London, and
the property of the city, but some an
tiquarians are of the opinion that it
should be brought nearer the heart of
things than that, for old associations'
What a "sermon in stones" 'he old
gate could give if it could speak! Here,
in the old days, the watchman looked
out on to pleasant fields and country
roads, while passengers passed in un
der the ancient doorway after their
long and sometimes adventurous jour
neys from Brighton or Portsmouth.
Here, from time to time, breathless
horsemen dashed up with tales of
plunder by highwaymen on the wilds
of the Hampstead Ileath. During the
great fire at London Temple Bar was
nearly destroyed, but it was restored
in 1870 by Sir Christopher Wren.
WEST VIRGINIA CURIOSITY
Lincoln County Boasts of "Maul
Rock," So Called Because of Its
Resemblance to a Maul.
Wheeling, W. Va.-It becomes expe
dient for Lincoln county, West Vir
ginia, to tell of one of her few nat
ural curiosities. As the accompany
ing picture shows, this rock is called
"M-'aul Rock," because of its similari
ty to a maul. The base of the rock is
about 1,009 feet above sea level and is
made up of large boulders. The stem
of the rock is 20 feet high and will
average about seven feet in diameter.
The cap, or- maul part, is about six
feet thick and is 38 feet in circumfer
West VirginIa Rock Freak.
enco. The stem is of a soft formation
and is fast crumbling away, since the
timber has died that was a great pro
tection from the force of strong winds.
By mounting the rock, by means of a
ladder that is kept there, a magnifi
cent view of the West Virginia hills
can be obtained.
CHEESE AS BIG AS A HOUSE
Wisconsin Product Will Weigh 12,000
Pounds and Will Be Built on
Appleton, Wis-An American cheese
weighing 12,000 poeundls, three times
as large as the biggest cheese ever
made in the world, will be built by
N. Simon. at this place for the Na,
tional Dairy Show association. The
cheese being of such enormous size
will have to be built on a specially
constructed car with a special refrig
erator to carry the cheese until the
It will require all tho milk from
6,500 cows for one day, all puro bred
animals, probably worth fully $500,000.
Fully 1,360 men will be required to do
the milking. This milk will be fur
nished by 650 sanitary dairies, valued
at over $5,000,000.
But securing the milk is only a
small part of the construction of such
a mammoth cheese. Eighteen expert
ceemsemakers and 25 expeelenced
helpers will work together, unj ler the
supervision of Mr. Simon.
CLEANLINESS IN THE DAIRY
Sanitary Condition of the Cows Has
Much to Do With Bacterial Con
tent of the Milk.
The cows as well as the dairy barn
must be kept clean. Experience has
shown that the sanitary condition of
the cows has as much to do with the
bacterial content of the milk as any
other factor. The method used in
Pertified milk dairies Is first -to place
he cows in a stall according to their
;ize, to have suflicient bedding to
ceep them clean and comfortable to
Ceep the hair short in the region of
he udder, groom the con\vs every day,
o wash them before every milking
vith clean, warm water and a brush,
mnd just before milking each cow to
-lean the udder again with a clean,
During fly time the tails of the
,ows to be milked are fastened with
-ow-tail holders, such as the one
hown in the illustration. The pincers
map around the cow's tail and the rub
er band is passed around the leg on
After the cows are washed, a small
2hain is fastened across the stanch
ons under the cow's necks to prevent
hiem from lying down; after they are
nilked, the chains are unfastened and
he cows are allowed to lie down.
The manure is not removed im
nodiately before milking, and notly
ng is done which will raise a dust,
's dust is one of the most prolifle
ources of milk contamination.
IANDY TRUCK FOR MILK CANS
llustration Shows How Wheelbarrow
May Be Converted into Usefui
The illustration shows howv a wheel
arrow may easily be converted into
Slow-wheeled vehicle or truck for
:arrying milk cans of large size. The
ody of the wheelbarrow is. removed
tnd pieces put in to hold the can.
Handy Milk Truck.
)ne man can handle a 100-pound can
wilth this truck much easier thanu two
men in the usual way.
VllLK FROM DEVON WAS BEST
celebrated Chemist, After Examina
tion, Gives His Opinion as to
Which Is Best for Babies.
Some years ago a celebrated chem
ist, after examining the milk of dliffer
ent cows, mado the following rep~ort
as to which was the best milk to raise
babies on: The Jersey had too much
Dil in it, the Holstein too much cheese,
and the milk from the Dlevons was the
best, as it had more sugar in it andl
nearer the milk of the baby's mother,
says the American Cultivator. JTust
then a young mother died leaving a
baby twelve days old1, and It so hap
pened that the father read this report,
so ho rented a fresh D~evon milk cow
and fed the babe on the milk of that
cow for more than two years. She
grewv up to be a tine, largo, healthy
young lady, and at fifteen years of age
was two inches taller than her father
and in her class at school with girla
much older than she was.
Silo Has Advantage.
The man wvith the silo is the man
who has the advantage at this t imm
of yeam when the dry spell strikes
$111 il low that. Is once dtcr'eased. b)
(ried up pastures can never be .re
stored( until [he ne~xt freshemding. .tbin'
int the milk flow decrense.
)s What Would You Take for Your EyE
You wouldn't sell, wou(l you
It is a pretty priceless pos
nvstion when we come to thin]
dairy t If you had a fortun
drought-strieli risk the chance o
aging to a dair.out adequate coin
sible should be u he risk? Hox
los1 and suffering or
this period. I find that OyeSIht witI
the cows inside during 98es, simp$ I
the day and feed supplern.ner tha
crops and a little grain feedt'
The sight of a herd of cattleJ'AtCOSI
ing flies in a drought-stricken pasture
does not speak favorably of profits
and comfort. I have never been in
favor of growing acres of forage, crops
and catch crops for soiling purposes,
for on the average farim it is not nec
However, it does pay to hold over
an abundance of ensilage and cut
either alfalfa, clover or corn to feed
the cows when the pastures are fail
ing. No catch crop exceeds these reg
ular crops in the amount or quality
of forago yielded per acre and when
they are harvested in the ordinary
way they will furnish the best feed for
the herd during the winter.
In trying to save tons of hay and
bushels of grain for winter feeding
many men allow dollars of immediate
proflt to slip through their fingers, by
holding back these crops for winter
feeding when their animals are suf
fering and falling away in flesh con
It is far more sensible to cut and
feed a portion of the green feed than
it is to take the land out of the regu
lar rotation and grow supplemental
crops that are less desirable for soil
ing purposes. It seems difficult to
impress it upon the average man's
mind that the best winter feeding
crops are the best seUing crops.
MORE MILK FROM HOLSTEIN
Breed Does Not Always Indicate Good
Milkers-Selection Should Be
Made From Individual.
The breed does not always indicate
good milkers. There are poor cows in
all breeds and the selection should be
made on the merits of the Individual
cow. Ilowever, the average lolstein
cow will probably produce more milk
than other breeds, but with a lower fat
content than the Jersey or Guernsey,
Excellent Type of Holstein.
says a writer- in an exchange. Should
you desire to build up a good reputa
tieon for table milk in your town, it
might be wvell to. have two breeds. I
have knowni of instances wher-e half
the herd were Iloisteins, to furnish the
quantity, and the other half of the herd
were Guernseys or Jerseys, which
helped to bring up the fat conten:t of
tlfe milk when mixed before bottling
for market. This will increase the
perS cent, of fat in the milk as well as
give it a better body and color.
Mottled butter is generally due to
Udder- troubles are frequently the
re-sult of bad feeding.
Mlore sunshinme for- the big produ:cers,
mocre fr-esh air' for the whole herd.
Sunlight and pleasan t sur round(lings
arec great factors in stimu:lating large
mmil k yields.
D~airy work is no longer guerss
wor-k, bu:t science. Simple, it ia true,
bu:t all the same science.
Wh'len the cream runst off the spoon
like oil and h~as a sllght acid taste it
is u~sually ripe for chu:rning.
Salt on the casein in: but:ter fomrms
lighter spots and th~e remedy Is thor
oumgh washin:g before saltinag.
A flimsy fence will not restrain a
bu:ll-and will cause no end of a:noy.
ance, especially in a busy season.
Thme secret of a big, steady su:mmer
milk flowv is a genemrous and u:ninter
ruplted sumpply of good su:cculence.
ThIe cow should have a cap~acity to
pr:oduce more milk than she is called
upon to produce in ordinar-y dairy
The cow should be0 fed so that she
will produce a full flow of milk and
maintain practically the samo flbesh
Fr:om twelve to twenty-four hours
before churnIng you shoumld commence
to ripmen the cream, accor-ling to the
time of the year.
Danirying need not imply abandoning
wh~eat, but mnore wheat on less acres
lHoth: bread and butter should be0 pro
dlu-edl on thme farmn.
GrItading of cream is r-eeiving more
at tent ion by the dairy priss and dairy
men lhan it possibly has In: the hilstory
of'thlee dairy busliness.
*iver nottee how the( dIa Iry busine1ss
tm(onms wh~en the owner isi interested I:
1hi wl~~ork ? There Is too mu mch Ia ck of
I arozet anmnng dinirvmnn.
Is the time to buy farm land
while you can see the gr'owing
f crop on it, Seeing the crop
you know what you may rea
sonably expect if you buy.
Now is the time to make ar
rangements for next year and
not only next year but for your
ous.Now is the time to see my
wouldn't Ili-Tos.for a small home.
ime to see some
Examine carefuny ye as well as
CASTORIA, a safe and at, *he county.
Infants and children, and C
Dears the ' ty for
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castor.
The Honest Man.
Diogenes was searching for an hon
"He will advertise that his summer
resort has mosquitoes," explained the
The Ground of Their Love.
"Let us have peace," said the Eng
lish invader. "Can you not see that
the white strangers love the redmen?"
"Ah, yes," replied the intelligent In
dian, "they love the very ground we
walk upon."-Sacred Heart Review.
Leaving Him at Sea.
"Could you do something for a poor
old sailor?" asked the seody-looking
wanderer at the gate.
"Poor old sailor," echoed the lady
at work at the tub.
"Yes'm, I follered the wotter for 16
"well," said the vomnan, after a
critical look, "you certainly don't look
a9 If you ever caught up with it."
Then she resumed her labors.
Merely a Temporary Disadvantage.
The widow had just announced her
"But, my dear Maria," said her
friend, "you don't mean to tell me
that you intend marrying a man
you've only known for two weeks?"
"Oh, yes," said the happy widow. "I
can easily overcome that objection in
time. I hope to know him tolerably
well after we have been married a
couple of years."-larper's Weekly.
"Here is the account of a poor wo
man who lost both arms in a railroadc'
"It must be dreadful to go through
life without any arms."
"Yes, indeed. And much worse for
a wonman than for a man."
"How is that?"
"well, a woman without any arms
can't reach around to feel if the back
of her collar and the back of her belt
are all right."
Baffling the Mosquito.
Last summer we were pestered with
the awful nuisance, mosquitoes, night
after night, and on one occasion
killed between thirty and forty in our
bedroom, at midnight. The following
day I took a woolen cloth, put a little
kerosene oil on it, and rubbed both
sides of the wire mesh of the screens
with it. That night one lonely mos
quito disturbed our rest. Two or
three times each week I rubbed the
screens in like manner, and we on
joyed peace the rest of the summer.
The odor from the oil remains only a
few minutes, and the oil itself pre
serves the screens and keeps away
fles-Good Housekeeping Magazine.
Is often said of
when caten with cream or
rich milk and a sprinkle of
sugar if desired.
That's the cue for house..
keepers who want to please
the whole family.
Post Toasties are ready
to serve direct from the
"The Memory Lingers"
Sold by Crocers
POST U M C HRIEA L CO.. Ltd..
1itu1o Crook. Mich. ,,