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NTil_ M LI11T
JAP WAR HERO IN AMERICA
Admiral Togo, the Japanese war
hero who came to this country as the
nation's guest, is described by a Jap
anese official as one of the simplest
and gentlest of men. "You would
hardly imagine, to see the small,
slender figure, that you were in the
presence of the greatest master of
naval strategy that our navy has pro.
duced, or that the world has seen in
Marshal Oyama, GenerM Kuriki, Ad.
miral Kamimura, Admiral Yamomoto
and Admiral Togo were all born in
the city of Kakoshima.
Togo had just giown to youth's es
tate and was fighting with a broad
sword when a messenger came from
the mikado ordering him to become a
naval officer. lie packed his few be
longings and Journeyed to England.
When the Chinese-Japanese war was
threatening Togo was captain of a
cruiser. HG halted an English shiD
with 1,000 Chinese soldiers aboard, and when surrender was refused, sunk it.
This act stprted the war.
When the war with Russia broke out he was commanding a Japanese
fleet. His daughter came to pay him a final visit, and he sent back word by
her: "I am well and happy. They must not distract my mind by sending
At an entertainment for the ofilcers of his fleet just before the memora
ble battle of the Sea of Japan his officers found the admiral sitting alone, the
sword of hart on his knees. They understood this meant victory or death.
In Japan Togo ranks as no naval man in the United States ranks today. They
love him over there next to the emperor.
IS A PIONEER IN ECONOMICS |
In these days when so much is said
and done for the conservation of our
natural resources there has sprung up
a new school of economists who are
preaching the doctrine that in labor
every effort, every expenditure of
muscular or mental energy, should
count for the utmost and not go to
waste. A pioneer in this school is
Frederick Winslow Taylor, who re
cently appeared by invitation before a
committee of congress to explain how
the application of his theories in
creases the productiveness of work.
men from 15 to 20 per cent.
Mr. Taylor is a native of German
town, Pa., and has risen to his present
prominence through his own efforts.
He is a patternmaker and machinist
by trade and a mechanical engineer
by profession. In 1878 he- entered the
employ of the Midville Steel Com
pany, Philadelphia, and was success
ively gang boss, assistant foreman,
foreman, master mechanic, chief
draughtsman and chief engineer. In 1889 he took up the work of organir
ing management in manufacturing establishments, 'n shop, office, accounting
depF.-tments, and since then he has put his theories into operation
usinesh og-anizations, including steel works, wood pulp works,
; , is the owner of about 100 patents on his inventions.
POPULAR WIT TH FAMER
The champion long-distance cabinet
j officer is Secretary of Agriculture
"Tama" Jim Wilson, for he has been
t I holding down that job constantly
since 1897, while he has seen more
than a hundred other cabinet officers
Iiii'icome in and retire to private life.
"Tama" Jim is the friend of the farm
ers and the farmers seem to be
friends of his.
Secretary Wilson has made the de
partment of agriculture the greatest
instrumentality of practical every-day
helpfulness to 40 per cent, of the peo
pie in the United States. lie has ex
periment stations finding out how to
make dry farming pay where there is
/ only ten inches of moisture a year;
and they are finding it out, too. He
brought the durum wheat from North
Africa, and in the regions formerly
too dry to be cultivable it has added
.-f/millions of bushels to our annual
7 ~wheat crop. Hei sent to Siberia, and
there, far up in the north, found alfalfas that seenm to need neither moisture
nor warmth to develop good pasture.
He brought the finest Cuban tobacco, tested and analyzed the soil in
which it grewv, got detailed reports of the climatic conditions it required
and then hunted up the same soil and climate, and proceeded to grow the
tobacco in South Carolina. He brought seed of the inimitable Sumatra
wrapper-tobacco, searched for a place under the American flag where it would
flourish, and found it-in Texas. To prove it, he will hand you a fiye-cent
cigar made of Texas Sumatra and Carolina Cuban filler, if you will ask him;
and you will pronounce it a high-class imported weedl.
Everybody said hog cholera was incurable, and it cost the farmers tens
of millions annually. WVilson's scientists sp~ent ten years on its trail, and
they've captured the right microbe, fixed up a serum, and put that particular
disability on the run.
John Frank Treat, who was elected
imperial potentate of the Mystic
Shrine at Rochester, is a resident of ~
Fargo, N. D., and a member of El
Zagal Temple of the Shrine. From
* the four corners of the earth, by
train, b'oat and automobile, an army
of 30,000 Shriners swooped down and
planted their tents on the Rocheste
oasis. From every part of the United
States they came and even from far- ~
away Scotland were pilgrims to the
cradle of Shrinedom.
The Khartoum Temple, from Win
nipeg, Man., brought a genuine Scotch t/A
kilties band of bagpipers; the Islam 1
Temple of San Francisco had a Chi
nese band of 50 pieces; the Los An
goles Shriners brought two carloads
of California fruits and wines to dis
S tribute to their eastern friends; the/
Galveston (Texas) Temple brought
two carloads of Mexican burros; Os
man Temple of St. Paul had its mil
S itonaire band, every member of which
is a business or professional man wvhose fortune runs into big figures; El
Zagal Temple, from Fargo, N. D)., to which the pictured potentate belongs,
brought a 15-foot loaf of bread and a cowbell of the same dimensions, and, in
fact, ever; bunch had some novelty to spring.
MARVELOUS TREE CURIOSITY
Back of British Post Offloo at Na.
eau, Bahama Islands, a Sight
Nassau, D. .-A tree which In its
very conformation seems to show a
struggle between two monsters-one
of the land against one of the sea
is the ceiba or silk cotton tree of
Nassau, a splendid example of the
peculiar form which trees of this fam
ily are inclined to take. In the Nas
sau tree the illus!on of a battle royal
has brought thousands of travelers to
see the strange tree but more are
also interested in its great length of
history. In 1802 a traveler sketched
the tree while sojourning here in the
Dahamas. It was a good sketch and
Bahama Tree Curiosity,
on comparison now shows that the
great ceiba tree has not changed,
save in podding each year, in all that
length of time. Scientists deduce that
the tree is nearly one thousand years
It stands Just at the back of the
British post office in Nassau-its
great top outspreading like a huge
umbrella with branches soaring as
far as 100 feet from the main stem.
The trunk is of huge girth and it Is
this with the interwinding of branches
above that gives the idea of a com
But the giant roots of the celba tire
its most distinctive feature. Diverg
ing from the main stei long before
they strike into the ground, they form
such buttresses as to make the celba
seem a regular citadel of almost un
From the pods on the tree a sticky,
silk-like substance is obtained once a
year and used for the stuffing of
cushions. Natives of the islands say
the same tree had served their ances
tors with clothing from its pods since
the earliest legends of the island.
THE GRAVE OF JOSH BILLING3
Remains of the Quaint Humorous
Writer and Lecturer Rest Near
Ganesborough, Mass.-Henry Wheel
er Shaw, whose pen name was "Jos
Billijigs," was born at Ganesborough
Mass., and died at Monterey, Cal.
Starting at them age of fifteen irl
search of fortune, he led an unsettled
life for several years. He tried farm
ing, running a steamboat on the Ohio,
store keeping and teaching, but was
unsuccessful in all of them. He drift
ed back east and settled in Pough
keepsie, N. Y., 1858, as an auctioneer.
HI-s contributions to the newspapers,
under the penf name "Josh Billings,'
brought him liberal returns. H-is wiIt
ings are characterized by a quaInt
shrewdnjess, and a humorous element
intensified by the crude phonetic sp~ele
ing which he adopted. He lectured
throughout the country, and in addi
Tomb of Humorist.
Lion to his sketches, issued in four vol
umes, published an annual almanac.
After his death his remains were
brought to Gianesbor-ough, the town of
his nativity. Close to the highway in
the little 01(d gravey-ard he awaits the
last roll call. One of his qiuaint say
ing was: "Iz arly, w~or-k hard an'
late, sell what yu kant use, giv noth
ing awa, an' if yu dIon't die iritch an'
go tu the dlevil, yu kan sue me for
TOURIST GAVE AWAY HIS AUTO
Became Angry When His Car Ran
into a Ditch and Gave it to a
Hammond, Ind.-"Tako the blamned
machine and welcome," snapp~ed a
New Your tourist as he crawled from
uander his automobile in front of the
home of Cecil Hancock, near here.
The man was on his way to Chicago,
Ill, from Newv York city when the
knuckle in the steering gear broke
and sent the car up)-side-dlowni inte
the ditch. In addition to paying the
boy who hauled him to the noaresi
railroad station he gave the lad thc
car, valued at $2,000 and in good con
dition save for some scratches and
twisted irons as the result of the ac
The tourist refused to give his name
but the car bears the tag No. 8605
Newv York. When the lad's 1ather
learned of his son's good forts! re hs
sold the car to a dealer and will~ apply
lhe money toward giving lisa kn a
7 OC.RNO.-.P./C 4 .f. UN
Calo orll, so&ly eleWO6OWIM -jjZ1
matically-it Is an obvious tai
get. But from the point u
view of administration Monte Car
Js beyond the critical range. For eve
the most carping can scarcely cavi
at perfection, and that is the vor
that best describes the governmet
of that empire within a principalit,
which is Monte Carlo.
Monte Carlo, be it understood, I
the property of the Societe Anonym
des Bains de Mer at du Cercle de
Etrangers de Monaco. The Bains d
Mer exist, but the Society Anonym
would possibly find difficulty in nd
eating their whereabouts. They forn
in fact, a more than subsidiary eli
ment of a very mighty organizatioi
which consists of the one Cercle de
Etrangers in the world where ro
lette and trente-et-quarante are pla
ed under conditions which, while a
suring the success of the bankers, a
sure at the same time the security (
the player from anything even a
The roulette wheel is for any or
to inspect. It has been photographe
from every possible point of view. I
mechanism is too childish to need d.
scription-it is mechanism in its bab;
hood. As for the croupiers, were eac
one a Maskelyne or a Devant the
could no more direct the fall of th
fatal ball than that of the house<
lords. As for the possibility of frau
at trente-et-quarante, that has bee
eliminated long ago-by the casin
in its own interests. The packs<
cards used in the game are speciall
printed, and once used they ar
burned. And from the moment of th
printing to tihe burning they neve
leave the watchful eyes of the yern
able array of employes, detectives,
you will, with whom the Societ
Anonyme des flains de Mer, in it
own interests, as well as that of it
patrons, surrounds itself.
Detectives Are Everywhere.
For one out of fiye of all tihe en
ployes of tihe casino of Monte Carlo
.and there ar~e over' 1,000-is more c
less a detective, andl with reason. Ai
cess to tihe casino, 1)e it remlember'e<
is free. 0110 pays <tear for' it onlc
inside tile gaming rooms, maybe, b)t
thlat is one's own~ affair. Entry to thl
casino is one0's own choeice, andI th
authorities stan~d either to lose or wi
by it. That they win oil the averag
is obvious; otherwvise they woul
scarcely be0 able to pay ? 1,000,000 pc
annum in dividends. lBut, wile tihe
are cent ent to win, they (10 their be:
to prlotect thlose whio provide the wm
And while protecting tile por
of Monaco, tile casino helps thlol
who would hlave helped thern
selves-if luck hlad willed It s
He who is fool enough to los
more than ho can afford hT
only to make application to tile offlc
set apart for the purpose to be0 give
a second-class ticket home, be tii
distance as great even as that whic
separates India from tile principailt;
Not that the casino gives as reel
lessly as their patrons gamble, A]
plication for tile viatique, as this fre
ticket home is known in casino lai
guage, Is invariably followed by ii
vestigation. If the gambler has be
of tile big order, hlis stakes-and ti
has hithlerto been knowvn to the few
are carefully recorded1 by a watcit
employe, and the anmount of hlis il
nings or losses each dny is known
the authorities, De tile gambler r
lesser importance, he has none th
less been noticed, and should h
prove a loser a fairly accurate est
mate of his losses is made by all en
ployc. Whlerefore, whenol applicatio
is madeh for tihe vialtique tile author
ties are not easily humbugged.
There are somne who still cheris
'.he delusion that the 'bank" at Mnn
0/N T7/1 TtP2#C #TA/ONT C9 LO
Carlo is there to be "broken," and
that the sensational feat of which
Charles Coburn, the music-hall artist,
sang many years ago is one really
capable of accomplishment. As a
matter of fact, the "bank" of Monte
Carlo is anthing but the fragile thing
of some people's imagination. To
"break" it consists merely in winning
the cash allotted to each table at the
commencement of play-23,200 in the
case of a roulette table, ?6,000 in
that of trente-et-quarante table, where
the maximum allowed is ?480, dou
ble that permitted at roulette. If the
player be lucky enough to clean out
a table-"break the bank" if one
will-all that happens is that a furth
er sum is fetched from the Casino
coffers. He who boasts of "breaking
the bank" at Monte Carlo might just
as well pride himself on breaking the
5 Bank of England because a cashier
0 of that institution ran short of gold
I- in cashing his check and sent for 9
'B Iut, then, there still exist so many
delusions regarding this, the most
' famous casino in the world. There are
people who believe that a croupier
can be bribed to spin a certain num
t her, that a ghostly hand is to be seen
by the fortunate hovering over a cer
tain table and indicating the manner
s in which the player shall stake, and
e that the occupation of a particular
s room in a hotel near the Casino
e brings fortune with it.
Percentage of Profit Small.
While the average gambler loses
his money at Monte Carlo, there are
many who leave winners. He who is
content with a reasonable percentage
on his capital and is possessed of a
strong head and a will of equal power
has a very fair* chance in his fight
with the wheels or the cards. The
)f percentage taken by the Casino is
small-very small in comparison with
the, terrible eagnotte of the baccarnt
taleI, or the even mor'e impossible tax
d levied on him who is foolish enough
d to r'isk his money on petits chevaux
or- boule. As a matteir of fact, ther'e
is quite an impor'tant number of r'eg
-ular and successful play'err at Monte
Car'lo---people who liiterally live by
play. They arec, needless to say,
egambler's ofthe motcareful cas
d player's of systems, which r'educe the
lpossibility of anything but small loss
to a minimum. But that they exist
0is not to be denied. There exists also
in the principality of Monaco a ce
~tain few whlo drawv regular pensions
fr'om the Casino--gambler's, once
e rich, who have lost all and their for
tune on the board of gr'een cloth, and
upon which the authorit', .a have tak
e n compassion. They are not, of
course, allowed to o-.ter' the r'ooms,
b ut the initiated can often point them
Sout to one, mooning about the place
andl gazing with hungr'y eyes at the
forbidden salles die jeu.
HE WROTE THE "OX" MINUET
Haydn the Composer, Writes Music
for Butcher and Receives Beef
t as Payment,
T 'here is no sensible ireason for'
the titles attached to nmany pieces of
music, sonic of them even classical
elis. Most generally they arc
rplaced ther'e as an attempt of sonme
publisher to "boom'' his stock and sell
this goods. Then, agai, some pecu
liar- titles may have their origi n in
incidents about as important as5 the
llaydn one day received a visit
0from a butcher- who said th-' himself
and his daughter-s were v r'ers of
H aydn's music, and as the young
woman was soon to be mnariedt, ho
m iade hold to ask that the composer
0wr-ito a minuet for her wedding. Kind
"-Papa Haydn" consented and In a
h few days tho man of meat obtained
his music. Not long afterwar-d,
Hladyn was surprised to hear this
same ininuet played under his win
dlow. On looking out ho sawv a band
of musicians forming a ring around
a large ox, tastefully decorated with
filower-s. Soon the butcher camne up
a mnd pr-esentedi the ox to I iaydn, say
-ilg that for such excellent music lie
Ithought he ought to mnake the comn
poser a present of the best ox in his
p lossession. Ever after this little
fcomposition was called thc "Ox" min
e uet.--W. Francis Gates. A necdotes of
e Great Musicians.
I- - --______________
n "They say his father got h!c start
I- in life by operating a three-card game
at. county fairs."
h "i wonder- if that accounts for thei
e fact eJhat hn is a two-snot?'
A TERRIBLE EXPERIENO.
So Weak From Kidney Trouble She
Could Not Arise in Bed.
Mrs. H. W. Bowles, 14 Ellis St., AU
gutta, Ga., says: "Kidney trouble
came on me with terrible, burning
pains through my back that so weak
ened me I could
scarcely walk. Kid
ney secretions were
filled with sediment,
sluggish and very un
natural. I became so
.1 helpless I was com
pelled to take to my
bed and could not
arise without assist
ance. I was in de
spsIr as neither doctors nor the various
remedies I used helped me in the least.
Doan's Kidney Pills helped me imme
diately and made me a strong, healthy
woman. I have been well ever since."
Remember the name-Doan's.
For sale by druggists and general
storekeepers everywhere. Price 500.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
"I have gotten a great deal of pleas.
ure from anticipating the trip."
"More pleasure, possibly, than
you'll get from the trip itself."
"That's what I think. So I've do
cided to stay at home and save the
For COLDS and GRIP
Hicks' CAPUDIN is the best remedy-re
Raees the aching and feverishneas-cures the
Cold andl reHl(orem norinaI conditions. It's
liquid-effects iniediately. l0c., 25e., and 500.
At drug sitores.
His Way of Life.
"War is hell."
"You seem to believe that in times
of peace one should prepare for war."
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Cyrup for Childreu
teething, softens the gums. reduces inflamma
Lion, allays pain. cures wind colic. 25c a bottle.
The hero is he who is immovably
Cured by Lydia E. Pinkaam's
Morton's Gap, Kentucky.-"I Suf
fered two years w ith female disorders,
my health was very
bad and I had a
whltich was simply
awful. I could not
stand on ny f
long enough t *. .
wi out acick
~such drag ing hae
-hardly bear It. I
had sore ess In each sido, could not
stand tigI t clothing, and was Irregular.
I was Co pletely run down. On ad
vice I took Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound and Liver Pills and
am enjoying good health. It is now
more than two years and I have not
had an ache or pain since I do all my
own work, jvashing and everything,
and nevcr hdTe the backache any more.
I think your medicine is gland and I
praise it to all my neighbors. If you
think my testimony will help others
Sou may pulblish1 it."-Mrs. OLLIU
V 00DALL, Morton's Gap, Kentucky.
Backache is a symptom of organo ,t
weakness or derangement. If you
have backache don't neglect It, To
g et permanent rellelf you must reach
the root of the trouble. Nothing we
know of will do this so surely as Ldia.
E. Pinkhiam's Compound.
Write to M~rs. Plnkhamn, at
Lynn, Mass., for special advice.
Your letter will be absolutely
confidential, and the advice free.
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Nine times in ten when tile liver is
righlt tihe stomach and bowels are right.
pc i a lz yliver toCATR
stipation, In- V
and Distress After Eating.
SMALL PIL.L, SMALL DOSE, SMA LL PRICE
Genuine must bear Signature
KOAS an hghGa
cla Atenton.Alordor givensApe
Hijupies. Send for Cataloguie. GLENNl
PNOT0 STOCK CO., 117 Peachkree, Atisnta, Oa.
A L10OUID REMEDY for CHILDREN'S ILLS
Makes Teething Easy
CniPat mn I Ia rri o, a (nv ulsions.
Virn' la n. tver ahes and Colds
t'runl i ( li -erfi s and rodue
u nd den h-r us:. a bott, Mani ufjactured by
BAYEASE CD., LANTA, GEORGiA,