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COMBIhE ."AMES AND'COLLAR
Nobraska Man Invent@ Device Which
May Be Adjusted to Different
Sized Necks of Horses.
Mr.. Charles Slecker of Waco, 1,14b..
has recently invented a device which
provides a uniform combined collar
and hames whereby to'disponse with
the usual collar and hames, which
may be adjusted for different sized
necks, and which when in use will
Combined Hames and Collar.
* prevent soreness and chafing, equalize
and fairly distribute the draft, and
which may be easily placed and re
moved, says the- Scientific American.
The illustration shows the improve
znent in the position it will occupy
when in use, and to remove it, it is
only necessary to release the free
end of a-btrap from a buckle. This
free end may be now withdrawn from
a loop and a ring, when the improve
ment may be moved from the horse's
neck. No injurious strain is brought
to bear in any part, the draft being
KANSAS HORSE IS KNOWING
Animal-Will Open Gate to Pasture by
Pulling Out the Wobden Pin
With His Teeth.
Mr. Thomas Botkin, of Kansas,
-owns a horse which he declares has
great reasoning powers. The barn
.yard is separated from the small pas
ture by a fence and gate. The gate is
fastened by a wooden pin and auger
hole in the gate post. When the
-- -stiakfirmn 1 -nimni
An Intelligent Animal.
trorse wants to enter the pasture he
reaches over the fence, pulls the pin
'out of the hole with his teeth, and
then shoves the gate open by the
-weight of his body.
FEEDING SILAGE TO SHEEP
dExperiments Have Shown It to Be
Desirable for Animals During Win
tero pcah Care Needed.
-' A serieW6f exhaustive tests at the
1 diana experiment s'sation has dem
-o strated beyond -doubt that good
.g age used judiciously is an extreme
fl desirable feed for sheep in winter.
I.has an excellent effect upon the di
estive system and upon the general
ealth and thrift of the lambs. Ewes
3d during the winter on rations in
luding a liberal amount of silage gain
n average each winter of 20 pounds,
hile those similarly fed without'sil
ge gain only 15%A pounds. Those re
d elving the silage also consume more
1han 7 per cent less grain and over
~2 per cent less clover hay than those
Saintained exclusively upon dry feed.
t also had a valuable effect upon the
e . ece, those receiving silage having a
slightly heavier coat of wool. Of the
%ot of fall lambs which were finished
is hothouse lambs- during the spring
f 1909 those fed on silage rations
were considerably fatter and better
~han the ones receiving dry rations.
*fIt should not be assumed, however,
that an undue amount of silage will
provo ~.satisfactory in the feeding ra
jtion. Extreme care should also be oh
4jserved not to feed frozen or partially
tiecayed silage or silage unusually
~our. Balance the ration up with
tplenty of clover or alfalfa hay, or
Iother good, palatable roughage and
1?Ration for Young Porkers.
' The hog grower of the future In
pork production as a business propo
'sition, and not using hogs merely as
.scavengers in the field lot, must take
[cognizance of the fact that the young
pigs up to the age of six months need
a growing and not a fattening ration,
and that their feeding must be tem
pered with judgment.
Ppod for thA Growing Calf..
Growing calves should have such
., . food as insures growth. Fat is not
nui , eeded in the dairy calf. The food in
-winter should be clover, hay, oats or
inbran; bright straw may be fed also,
COl and roots for variety. Keep the calves
ui comfortable, .summer and winter, afid
growth will follow as a natural r
INFLUENCE QI. A POOR SIRE
Improv e paT s of;Norses r
on Our Farms Of Greatest tim
The fact that the sire is concqrned
with so many more individual off
spring in a given season' than a #tn
gle mare, *ilakes it, regily seeV* tltat
his influenoe is maroh mdre .t61 e.
To improve tho ho'se stock of a 9I'
communitytihrugh the . lipe,
for instane6 would require th use
of fifty or more superg9'mares to ac
complish the' bame' tioulti as imight
be secured by the use of a single stale
Purity of breeding insures prepo
tency and sine, ta the grading-up pro
cess the pure-bred parent is usually
the sie, it- is, essential that he be of
such' a character- that the impression
which. he stamps upon his offspring
shall-be qnly of'the best,
Defects in structure cannot be off
set by type or breeding of the high
est degree of excellency. A horse may
be a superior individual in a class by
himself, butfie must conform closely
to the specified requirements of the
type with which he should class.
The influence of well-bred sires in
any community can readily be seen
by observing the horses used in the
fields, on the road and particularly in
the horse markets of the cities.
Certain states that have paid at
tention to horse-breeding, now pro
duce animals that can almost be told
at a glance by dealers, without know
ing in advance where they came from,
so ouperior is their quality. Other
states have exactly the reverse repu
tation and as soon as a lot is an
nounced as coming from such a state,
dealers will desert the sale ring.
Horses coming from such localities
where farmers are averse to paying a
decent service-fee, but prefer to use
scrubs, are of poor type, vary widely
A "Grade" Shire Staillon.
in color, form, size, and weight, and
possess few qualities which fit'them
for long and useful service.
So important has been the influence
of scrub sires in some states, that the
legislatures have 15een'prevailed upon
to pass laws to improve the situation.
SUCCESS WITH MARCH PIGS
Begin to Fatten November 1 on Corn,
Apples and Milk-Ready to Kill
in Two Weeks.
(By J. B3. JOHNSON, Pennsylvania.)
I have best success with young pigs
farrowed about the middle of March.
When about a month old we wean
them and put them in a pen by them
selves and feed on sweet skim milk.
They learn to drink quickly,
We add a little middling to the
milk. About the first of May we turn
the pigs into the orchard on grass and
clover pasture, We feed twice daily
with bran and middlings mixed with
milk or water, giving them all they
We begin to fatten November 1, on
corn, corn fodder, apples and milk,
They are ready for killing about the
middle of November.
To be profitable, sews must be sure
Examiine the collars of your work
Don't let the nursing sews run down
too much in condition.
Do not disturb the sow for at least
24 hours after farrowing.
Don't feed the young pigs intended
for breeding purposes altogether on
Ashes have good effect on the pigs'
digestion, besides killing intestinal
Your horse may intend to please
you, but does not understand your
Don't neglect to commence feeding
the colts some grain before they are
The pure-bred draft breeding mare
will do as much work as a grade,
and her colt will be worth much more,
Cold, exposed sleeping quarters
that compel the mows to pile up in
order to keep warm are usually re
sponsible for the dead pigs at this
If you are suspicious that some of
your,- cattle are affected with tuber.
culosis, the sooner you have your herd
tested and made free from the trouble
the better it will be for your pocket
When you get a good brood sow.
one that always farrows a fair-sized
litter of strong pigs and raises a large
per cent. of them, better hold on tc
lier as long as she continues her good
A TFMPORARY Rr/GtZA FROMf 7NZ'NA,
I/f A LO&DO/Y PAR' PoQt. ,
HE h(t wave of the past sum- Ji
mer which caused much suffer- Li
Ing and many deaths all over 1(
the country has had many sim- d4
ilar and it would seem even Y
more disastrous predecssors, and in
delving into the records of the past
the somewhat surprising fact is dis
closed that the old world has suffered. eE
much more than the new. -n
In the years 1303-4 the Rhine, Loire
and Seine rivers went dry. The heat cl
in several of the French provinces in
1705 was equal to that of a glass fur- C
nace. Meat could be prepared for the
table by - merely exposing it to the
sun. No person dared to venture out r
of his house between the hour of noon t
and 4 p. m.P
In the year 1718 many shops had to
close all over Europe. Not a drop of
rain fell for four months. In 1773 the d
thermometer rose to 118 degrees. In
1778 the heat in Bologna was so in- ]
tense that scores of people were
In July, 1793, the heat again became
intolerable. Vegetables were burned
up and fruit dried on the trees. The
furniture and woodwork in dwelling c
houses cracked and split and meat be
came tainted in an hour. The French
revolution was then at the height of
its bloody carnival, and many super-e
stitious persons thought that the wave
of heat following this mighty upheaval
was the curse of God.d
In 1800 Spain was visited by a swel- I
tering temperature. Madrid and othera
cities Were deserted and the streets
became silent. 1
Another disastrous hot wave sweptc
over Europe in 1851. In the Champs
do Marse Paris, during a military re
view, soldiers by the score fell vic
time to sunstroke, and at Aldershot, 9
England, men dropped dead while at
drill, compelling the officers to Bus
pond the exercises. -
In This Country. e
The summer of 1853 was exception- c
ally hot in many parts of this country ti
and in New York the thermometer "
ranged for seven days from 95 to 98 a
degrees. In one week 214 persons 5
died of sunstroke in the metropolis. ti
The year 1854 was hot and dry and fi
the heat seemed to concentrate in the c:
southwest. In Missouri from June 17 ti
to the following year not a drop of h
rain fell. In 1872 Now York experi
enced a torrid visitation of fearful hi
intensity. On July 4, 155. cases of 'i
sunstroke occurred and of these 72 fi
proved fatal. The principal thorough- p
fares were like fields of battle. Men dl
fell by the score and ambulances were v
in constant requisition. Dumb beas c
lay down by the wayside and panted
their lives away. Sleep for two or
three of the hottest nights was well- v
nigh impossible, and in the tenement o
districts women and children were d
found dead on the roofs, to which they h
had clambered in the hope of getting d
a breath of cool air. The scenes ira a
the morgue were appalling. Dozens of g
bodies were on the stone slabs, under n
the splashing water, awaithig the roe- n
ognition of friends or relatives. c:
The next serious visitation took e;
place 1ir 1877, and about .Iuly 9 began f=
to make its power felt throughout the d
middle and southern states, as well as ii
New York. In Washington the heat d
was particularly oppressive. The car d
rails became so expanded by the ac- i
tion of the sun as to rise up in curved
lines, drawing the bolts. In one in- v
stance the rails burst away from the t1
bolts and left the track entirely. The 1
thermometer marked 104 degrees. s
The summer of 1879 will long be re- s
membered for its torrid atmosphere. t1
The situation will be better under-n
stood from the following record: Nor- 4
wioh, Conn., June 2, 100 degrees' New 9
'tork, June 28, 98 degrees; Ch' ston, U
r jWOM J . Ye'N/G ov/A
IIy 11, 101; on the same date St.
MuIS, 100; Knoxville, Tenn., July 13,
13; Charleston, July 14, 111 (16'
aths); Detroit, July 16, 102; New
ork, July 17, 101.
Thought the End Had Come.
In 1881 it Is said the hMat through
it the United States was the great
t on record, the thermometer in
any places registering 105 degrees
the shade. In England the mer
try ranged from 90 to 101 degrees,
id In Parts 93 degrees. The heat
mntinued with brief Intermission
rough July and Agfgust Into Septem
)r. In Richmond the thermnometer
gistered 105 degrees; in Washing
n 104; In Baltimore, Wilmington,
hiladelphia, Rochester and elsewhere
om 99 to 100; yet on September 7
low fell In Deadwood, S. D., to the
3pth of fDte inches, and at Bald
ountain the snow was two feet deep.
uring the month of September the
ermometer In places registered as
igh as 106 degrees and great forest
reroh July and ageds in diertent
arts InRihmf the conr.Otembeer7
gdayre of0darkessgre ine Wahg
ntry,; bIng watiore, WilmitoeNw
nladptates Roc hean sewstereu
ere 99adly00 fregtn ThepCoember
utW elinatueadwood, S.lDef toa the
all oerfprea tnhe hes, and sol
aurkned the montht of Setember that
emomtnr gas ples rigted aoos
ndh fasc106egrceosd and gmuatitudes
rote bgokeant and rageritiousfe
erts ofa the onty On Septme 7a
Evetrythbing ore chane the nw
nandal sTates fando the speropition
tleislaetuwrei gatlief th at te
ad the orsaprofashing, yed
>uedere astrane andrcenris elo
ar'nd il lightthun of the sta
nown and gas eren lihdvntscghl
red factoriraes ofworsh, and liue
ftinoryantad su aperanios e
1eed. hTthe dayrk dywas more
Everthing lookae cangued an mos
thela steinstgedn, hnging yl
iw, wer gass whte ncer abons he;c
>wlisen tosando the secta
reon mst Saen Avenetst myth
fed in t heomaenof worhi andhe
afdnver aeowaitsed. perneo
ae Lord Tht dtark dny sdoI
asndas lgh nd the ntr.esl a awa
'om wiethehe hole asunnatual ap
ngarin of ngren mostgn likeen
)uel toe thermmestan foethes animal
fee byan phnomenon parth as the
adtne er ot Vitatos.
Ah curoutsfete of unean umyn1882
asa Jlight unidr tile treew asr away
le om th e fctsofe henat.a Cr
'ores ragin in thenr ptses thie
Tes monsatofl Jupnde uy,182
eren oablyopprssieece. Thet
Julyd88 pairenof NewYork onte
led mtet seffcs ofere fheaed wth
rmies fellin their traead, adiver
eraker wan throadway rousk as
read tanspaenty-rae ofitte. nesid
essn thas partiallymdiee su per-ed an
iance workshop ere e. h
Thwed pats of Newst 189r, onash
'rst and west sie er o file with
Lmelthermomennter nedo and uto
an edeeec Hunrevied. deve ofhun
troed.n Theveny-ar littl was died
orcer. Fo thehe ayiMy
Thee mnthne 15of Jl7i August 6 a
eyoand for a S ptmer-a o of day
ayte thermometer ranged fromt
00 degrees. uparunddacs didofen
troke. The ye ark.0 asds
hEATBELLS OF THE WORfPO
Tar Kol.okel the Largest, but "Llbt
04I" Is Dearest to Hearts of
Philadelpbia.-In the great drama
of history bells have played a very
prominent role. 'The bell most his
torical and most dear to all Americans
is the "Liberty Bell" now in Philadel
phia. The other nations of the world
have bells as famous and dear to them
in historio memory as our "Liberty
In Belfast, Ireland,. there is a bell
reputed to be 1,352 years old. It is
said that the bell was bequeathed to
a church in that city by St. Patrick.
It is carefully preserved and orna.
World's Largest Bell.
mented with precious stones and filli
gree of gold and silver.
The largest bell in the world is
known as the Tsar Kolokel. There is
an interesting history surrounding it.
When it had been cast, attempt was
made to hang it so that it might be
rung, but, by an unhappy chance, it
broke from its supports and fell to
the ground, wherein it made a great
hole into which it sank and lay for
many years. Finally, aftre more than
a hundred years of oblivion, It was
raised and placed in a public square
in Moscow, where it now stands. This
bell weighs more than 440,000 pounds,
and is more than 19 feet in height
and 60 feet in circumference.
There is a bell in northern China
which has been ringing without inter
mission for 100 years. The natives
believe that at every stroke of the
bell a devil is exorcised from their
midst. A special tax has been levied
to support those who make a business
of ringing this bell. It is rung by a
system of relay teams that keep re
placing one another.
The history of bells is very interest
ing. They are usually connected with
important periods in a nation's exist
ence. They have inspired much of the
world's best poetry. One of the most
harmonie lyrics, "The Bells," by Ed
gar Allen Poe, was inspired by the
ringing of church bells near his home,
Father Prout's beautiful lyric, "The
Bells of Shandon," was inspired by
the bells near Cork, Ireland. Della
that ring at scheduled periods in cer
tain communities become, as it were,
a iivin*r "ar' of the community.
To MEMORY OF CLEVELAND
Native Town is to Bulid $50,000
Memorial Despite Disparage
ment of Gossip.
Caldweli, N. J.-The proposition of
influential citizens to erect a memorial
to Grover Cleveland in Caldweli, his
birthplace, by expending $5,000 of the
municip~al fund, and $45,000 to be col
lected elsewhere, promises to be a
success, since Mrs. Cleveland has
come forward with the assurance that
recent gossip to the effect that the
jrover Cleveland's Birthplace.
late president despised his native city
Is absolutely untrue.
Mrs. Cleveland wrote to the friends
of the memorial project assuring them
that her husband always spoke kindly
of Caldwell, and her declaration is
supported by a letter Mr. Cleveland
wrote several years ago in which he
referred to the town as a place dear
Governor Woodrow Wilson has given
his indorsement to the project.
White Girl Marries Negro.
Chicago.-Mrs. Mabel Arants, 16
years old, white, was forcibly sepa.
rated from Robert Arantz, 19 years
old, a negro, to whom she was mar
ried, after they had eloped from
Omaha, Neb. Arantz is under arrest
and the girl, who clung to the colored
youth's arm when he was being led
to a cell, was sent to the police sta
Deer Feeds With Cows.
Plymouth, N. H.-When Charles iS.
Milligan, a milk dealer, went for his
cows lie was surprised at seeing a
young deer feeding with his herd near
the pasture bars. The deer followed
the herd to the barn, remaining there
'or two hours and atingr hay.
I Was Cured by Lyd
ham's Vegetable Comp
Warika, Oaa f 'dfi
bils for seven oars, was all r,
and so ne
thing. _The a
treated me fqnp
S'St ferent thint -,
did me no gIiA3
.g got so bad v
could not sleern
or night. Whlsna
this condition iL,
of Lydia E. P "e
Com'p6 und, aiai
began its u a e an4
wrote to Mrs. Pinkham for advice. In
a short time I had gained my average
weight and am now strong and well."
-Mrs. SALLIE STEVENS, . D., No.
8, Box 81, Waurika, Okla.
-Another Grateful Woman.
Hluntington, Mass.-"I was in a ner..
vous, run down condition and for three
years could find no help.
"I owe my present good health to
Lydia E. Pinkiam's Vegetable Com.
pound and Blood Purifier which I be.
heve saved my life.
"My doctor knows what helped me
and does not say one word against It."
-Mrs. MAR JANETT BATES, BoX
134, Huntington, Mass.
Because your case is a difflcult one;
doctors having done you no good, do
not continue to suffer without giving
Lydia E. Pinkhai's Vegetable Com
pound a trial. It surely has cured
many cases of female ills, such as in
flanmation, ulceration, displacements,
fibroid tukmors, Irregularities, periodio
pains, backache, that bearing-down
eeling, and nervous prostration,
naote , }ta Thompson's Eye Water
"Now, Johg..A1-S 't,.o~to die you
would weejp over m .and foifn-"
body what a good wi I was."
"No, I wouldn't, believe me."
"Well, I would for you, just for de
cency's sake. And that shows I'm
not half as mean as you are."
Another lawyer's story arrives, We
are told that a man was charged with
picking a pocket the other day and
that when arraigned he pleaded
"guilty." The case went to the jury,
however, and the vordict was "not
guilty." And the court spake as fol
"You don't leave this court without
a stain on your character. By your
own confession you are a thief. By
the verdict of the jury, you are a
liar."--Cleveland Plain Dealer.,
Unclo Mose, a Plantation negro,
was being asked about his religious
"I's a preacher, sa," he said. ,
"Do you mean," asked the aston
ished questioner, "that you preach the
*Moso felt himself getting into deep
"No, aah," ho said. "Alh touches
that subject very light."--Success
A feeling of superiority is about all
the satisfaction some peoplo get out
of being good.
Scramble two eggs.
When nearly coolted,
mix in about a half a
and serve at once
seasoning to taste.
"The Memory Lingers"
Poetum Ceceal Company, Lad.
Bantle Creek, Mich.