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The weekly herald. (Newberry Court House [S.C.]) 1865-1865, June 14, 1865, Image 1

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OLUME I. NE BERRY, S. C., E NESDY, JUNE 148. NUMBR 5
STE WEEKLY HHERALD .
IS PUBLISHED. AT '.
NEWBERR Y C. H.,
TERMS, co FOR SIX MONTHS, IN ADVANCE.
Payable in Cash or Provisions.
} Advertisements inserted at $1 'per square; for
"?irst i iertion 50 cents for suhsequeiit.inserLious.
arrtage n t~ ' TReralFnvitatior t r "nn- '
arirCommunications of pe son:lnterestcharged
as advert ents. .
CoMXU 1CATED.
What Shal We'fo?
Is it better'to write 4he truth or withhold it ?
Is it befter to state fac'ts to the people 'as they
are, so that they may be enabled to know their
,positon, or to play "hide and. seek," with them
accordiug to the political *way, and. delude them
still further down the road to ruin.. Which is
.preferable ?.. The demagogue would say don't.do t
i It wont do. Don't, Qpen their eves. You'll-1
never get ofice. Well, we-ha'e decided that we
re-now in ' kee country, where a man can ex
pre$ s is opinini n withont ear ol hia ai,gfted
of he happens to differ with sectional party policy
itud views. - We believe that the people must I
and.sttould know the truth, the whole truth of
the present state pf affaitt.,
- The enerni. order No V), ennnating from
Nlnjor Gvner.rl. (ilimore, miliiarv commander of
ihis State, is ah index of tle policy to be adopt
- " d tb tli. U. S. nthorities witlr reteence to the
matter of re-c"onstruction. ..The exccitive ofli
ers or the insrgent States in his department,
viz: A. . MX';r:th, of this State ; .Jos. Ei
-:roVwe, of (in",'va A. A. -Alisou, of Fla.,
who 'have i sed pr'ochunm:tions, .are set down as
iraiturs. and their" prMelaniations are declared
etul nut,i vid. The people ar ennjrined to give
- nto lcedtoth.bem or anf'orher piv.ma ,ons un- I
the l..5. '.at hOlities.
It is atnne+lmC'r! that the black race are free
* vitizts arlt thtat they will be prot.'cted as stlch.
Citireus, whit' -!id black, are remioded that it is
th eir duiy to observe the laws of compensated
Iater.,
The goverinment of the . U. S. i ill1nubtless
ale kinownrat an early day the .iet.hod to be
-t td on sttti,g or .iiig the exereiss of
jeir politioai.rights.
This much isce-tain attld coihisive: the ef
azs et' 'a une, he his ptizitiun what it may in
t cQ-eali rebe!lions States, to restore- theoo
" litii cal-ri_hts of ihe States, will not be-recogmzed
- by the C. : t thorities.
* . tIns situa tion, the question gat'urally arises,
-'What shall -we do ? Me ii seem to be iti a pet
.ect stand, stal;,nt a dead balt, They seem to be
amralvzeil'; nanr seh-'bc 1aftd1v cousciias
t aybey are living beings. The .effe t fthe
amegro being a freedman seems .almott ~to dest1oy
.%he wits of many. toipe seem to..be outraged,
iand.harp iess:antly about the-constitution,laws,
&c.' isotne seen not wiirng to 'all in with the
" *ecent changes. ?ome are still talking of some
thur tlht'yto turn up, for which there it not the
leas; tougdition. i'tis Ls hoping against hope.
It'is folly. . ,t is the heighth of nonsense. We
- qote-for the benefit of all,, the logical as well as
the commtsr sense views of Gov. Magrath, in his
ret4nt aidresse Ife says: "I urge. upon you
--.low citizens, the resumption of your peaceful
puirsuits, a&4 the adaptation of yonyselves to
thoseebhges which may be madegn. .yone con
dition. - Do not: be misled by extcitemenat.:(a
nmo heed to pastion. Deal resolutely with facts.
* Look. the- truth calmly .i-n the face. Spill no
uove 14od. Aeeept $vith the dignitywh
even 'misfortune :can commn ti1A .:~ n
wdehI you caUnot avert." .This ja thej angua~ge ~
of' the late-able governor .of the.State ; pram,l
statesnianlike, honest and appropriate. .It ia4g
* thme 'point. ~It is the beet of advice. "Reason
* overns .tIV wise man and a cudge4 the fool."
Thst the institution .of slavery as it was has
ceased -to exist., is bey6iAd the shadot of a doubt.
- There is ino use for ariy one to deceive himself
v:ith hopes to th^e con:rary. It is irrevoTcably
abolished. The negro-is no longer to be cort
sidered as a chattel or transferrable- property.
'The soon'er therefore every one can induce him
self to believe this the better.. .Whether it will
* improve his conditioni as ~our northern friends
- - think, time and circ4ustances alone will deter
mine. . -
What we should do now is not to lament .and
woa- over what has been done, but to throw
-aside all despondency, rise up like' ment who
h~ave somnetinm' to live for, and go to work ilaan.
fully and heart7v. It is the only atternative left.
What signifies sitting down, folding oar arms,
aeting sulkflr, wishing and hopitgg fog better]
'times. We cap only make the tjones bgter by
*bestirring ourselves. In she language of~ por
Richard, "Industry need not wish, and he that
lives upon hope will die fasting. Theie are no
giswithcut pains, then proceed to work. H
that bath a trade bath an estate,and he that hath'
a oalling'hath an'edilce' of profit and honor, but
then the trade moust be worked at and the calling
'well followed or neither t.he- estate nor the oeice
will enable one to pay.his taxes."I
What is the use to complain and fret ? .It is
c.,. at'd r -. The neonief theSouth took up
the sword to vindicate and assert what they called?
their rights. -They submitted the n#&tter to t
arbitrament of arms. They fought long an
well, but th& firal.re ult was uafavorable' an
ended in their overthkw. It Ias their own pr
position. They .threw down the ga ntet. I
wass Aaken up. For the consequen ..o " ots!
can be blamed, but themselirs.' "never
nn or a nation gb to war, it nmust be expected
no mattsr how one 'may philosophise on itt ti
ends and purposes.- Everything is fair in
That is the long and short of it, 'and all histo " !
teaches; to the victors belong the spoils, as w
as va victis! -
Since, however, the affair hasterininated dilL
ferently than we expected,-for if two parties go
to war one must prevail. Let-us not act as fool
and madmen, but submit with as good a-grace a
possible to the powers. that be, and try by al
means in our power, to become good and usef
citizens, to commence building up, repairing an
esnscitating a badly damaged and atmost ro
ined and bankrupt section of country. It is th
best thing we can do. It is imperatively demand
ed. .It iiof no use to be conjuring tip what evil
wilLbe or what will happen. Like Frankenstei n
in the plav, to be frightened at the monsters o
our own creation. No, no, let 'us be more ph r
losophic. "Sntlicient unto' thb'day - is the-,v
thereof." ,
"Whate'er betides, by destiny 'tis,done,
Ahd better bear like n:en than vainly seek to shor."
What shall we do? Let the blacksmith, th
tailor, the carpenter, the shoemaker, the farmer
the platner, the liwyer, the doctor, the minister
or iuan of w'hatever occupation or'profession, a
once turn his attention. to work. There is at
abundance to do. The "Creator giveth us raiJ
and fruitful seasons" and causeth "the herb t
grow for the service oft man," but it is equall
true that only ie who tilicth his land shall b
sati,.fied with bread, while "she slrggard'sl"
>e in lar,est and the idle soul shall sfTer -hung;l
"Idle hcarts only the dark future 'orightens.
Play the sweet kess 'woulc st thou keep them
What shall we do? Do not get worried, exc
ted, uneaCy. "Air dangers-are. not deaths," andi
van will 1R d that the con4ition o society, of te,
human race,. South, will, by no means, he half t.
ad as street corner soplistsand chiney-dorn
tatesmnen are ilisptsed, with a nod of the head
poitiv lv to predict. We firrely believe that il,
the peopie of the Southilil esChew politics fot
the present, slop discussing what ivi!] be done
b the Federal Congress, what is right. and wha
is not according to their' vews, and 'put th.i
shoulder to the wheel, like earnest ninded me
the progress an march of the South will he upv
wards and onwan s. We )lave every facility in
the way of climate nateial. tesou:c,s, wealth,
&e., to make of" the South, independent of tbfb
slave. institution, as it v as, one of the most glo
rio lands that the sun ever shone .tpon. I4,
the people of the S6h- wake ap to a fit
of nergy, will and active determinnation and
forthwith will be diffued a business like vitality
sending its galvanic impulses to ever.v branch of
productive industry ; nbt distant'will bg the pe
riod wzen-curling volumes of smoke and flanm,,
will beween rising like volcanic ieruptions,
spiring joy' instead of terror. FPoin the frna
of eery mineral locality,' thousands of wa
falls will be taxed to the utmost extent of theh
capacity ; macLinerf will fill the land with t
noise of' its ceaseless revglations, n-ecbanic
genius and entgrprise will-A used and a
kened, while the progress a ngrncul"tural pros
'itv-illimitable fields of wheat, oats and rye
their surfaces rising and falling as the waves
the sea; corri fields bowing -downijundr th.
weigh-roling meadows sinking under thn
he;vyburden ; cotton fields white as the drt
siebk ; orchards displaying ntich i -of~ e1
color and shad'e, will fill the soul-of the beholj
with admirationt and secure a homnag comm -
surate with her rich and- fertile broad dgnai4
rThen, may we say in ' devout aspiration, of 4
home,of the citizen-.of the -South, a/tlie insp~rd
burd said of"Jerusalem, 'Peace be withia ty
walls and prosperity within thy palaces." .
Whata4shall we do e' Learn to bear mnisfortuye
like a Socratic pgilosopher-to be good and u4e
ful citizens, to atteng faithfully to our espect 'e
duties, to inculcate lesso'bs of moraltjand 0
dience to the laiws of the iand; to
practde industry, patience. and econonm're -
bering as aretravel in the f'uture alongle the
wy of. Mie,.'to practice as weli as to-imes a
the mintas of9those who look up-to g fo~ a
"To avoid politiciana and demagognes as
would the devil, and never to break up a
government with the Utopiane
forming a better.
The London Times says tha.t our war
the Southi has been waged as a waTr of su
gation. Indeed it hasn't, but our war. th
Great Britain, if we have. oneg wil e.
course we dont want a war with- her, but ~e
onfess th'at we should like to have anc4e
Trent afuair occur about this time.
There are between teenty and twenty-fle
thouand rebel prisoriers at Powit Lookou,
most of whom will soon t.akt the oath of die
giaic and be discharged.
,mnesty Proclamation of Pres. Jobnson.
Whereas, the Ptesident of the United 'Sta
on the eighth day of December, A. D., eighe
hungel and sixty.,three. and oii the twenty-sixth_
day of 3Arch, A. )., eighteen- hundred and six
ty-fouu did, with the object to suppress the exJ
isting rebellion,.to induce all persons to return to
loyalty and to restoi;e the authority. of the Uni
IWtates, issue p , oatious =eferi ng.. a nesty
an doan to ce to persons who h ;directly'
er.bypliation ; rtici.ted iu the cebel
lion- an.
Wherea nanypersons, who "had .so.engaged
in said re b n.4ave since the issuance of said
proclanatio.. led or neglected to take the ben- l
efits offered. theteby;
Whereas, many persons, who have been justly
deprived' of all clain to amnesty and pardor
theretrder by'reason of their ,participatior, di
reetly or by . implication, in said rebellion and
contifined hostility to the governmient' of t,he ,U..
States since the. date'of said proclamation, hiow
desire'-to apply for and obtain amnesty and par
To the eid, therefore, tlat, the . authority of
the government of the United St:,es may be res
:ored, and that peace, order aAd ;.-eedom. may
be established,.I, A,bra:w Jo6sso.'; President f
LheUited States, .do proclaim and declare *hat
hiE grant to.ai petsoWwlro bnve diroctly
tr in tly partiipe'd exisdg rebel.
idn, &#pt as hereiftCr exipted, antnestyand
pardon, with. iogoff1 rights of proper
tv, .cept as ' ves: snd except in cases
chereteadptoce , sder tl ; , las of the
United=S;ates providing for the confiscation of
property' bf persbins engage in rebellion, have'
)een instituted, but on the condition, neverthe
ess, that every such person s x, ake.-and su I
,cribe the' following oath, .o neirspation, and f
,henceforward keep.and maintaIiiI oath invio
ate, and which oath shall 'be registred for per
uanent-preservation, and shall be -of the' tenor
mnd eff'ect-illowing, to wi :' -
J-c .I- , do solemnly swear or aflirm, in
)esence of, Ahmigh ty God, "tiut I .will hence
orth faithful'y -upport and defend the consticu
er, abide 'by and faithfully support all law'and
roclamations which have*eeuu uade during 4he
xisting rebellion with refefrence to the emanci
tion,of slaves. So help .me God.
The fo lowing' classes of persons are:excepted
'roem 'e benefits of this proclamation '
Fiiisr-Ail1 who are, or sialliate been, pree'.
ended civil 01' diplomatic. ofleers, or otherise
lomestic, or foreign rgents of the pretended
oudecrate government..
;epcn-All who left judicial stations' under
be- Uited States to :id the rebellion.
TIRD-4ll who shall 'have been. military or
aava fficers of said pretended Confederate gov
nrent'above the rank of Colonel in the irnry
n lieutenant in the navy.
FoUrr-Alf who left seats in the Congress of
tie United States to aid' the rebellion.
. rrri'--All who resignCc or tendered resigna-,
ions of their commission. in the army or rfavy
f the United States to evade duty in' resisting
:he rebellion.
SIrxrn\-All who havo engsgeil in any way in
reat-ng otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of
ar peirsons'.foun& ii the United States serviee,
s officers, soldiers, seamen, or in .other capaci
ies. -
SExrrr-All persons who have. been. or are
hsentees from the United States for the .purpose
f aiding the rebellion.
EIGHTH--All military. and naval officers .in the
ebe serv'ice hLei'er ed 'ated by the govern
nent in the' Mlitary Academny at West Point, or
h United States Naval 'Acadetny.. -
Nai---llpersons who held the pretended
ifcsof G~overnors of States mn insurrection
t theUtd States4.
states, and passed beyond eT 1~ ral miuitary
ines into the so-ealled Confederate States for the
pnrpose of aiding tlie rebellbon.
EtystrI-All persons who have been en-ga
ged,in the ,3estruction of' the commer.eCe of the
nited Sates upon the high seas, and all persons
ho haye made raids into the United States from
~mda, oi- been engtged in destroying the coi,n-I
merce of' tie United States upon the lakes and
river that sepa~i'rte the British. prormees from
the Unitestates. -
T wELFr.-AII persons ,who, at the inne when
theyseek to obtain the bene6ts hewcof by. takingr
the oath' herein prescribed, are btaniiary, naval1
or civil confinement or custody, or under bonds1
of the civil, military or naval athrities of
aents of thc United Statesas8 p$ris4oners of..war
o persons. detained for~ offences of any kind ei
thefore-draftegonRviction.
THuiTENTH -Al e.rsons W'hoharonfti
ly 'participated.i's said rebellion, and the emai.na
td s'alue of whosedtaiable property is over-twch
ty thousapd dollars.
FoRTEETI.---Al persons who have taken the.
oah of-amnestY as prescribed i11 the president's
proclamation.~of' December eight, A.--D. one ghbu-.
sand eight hundred and sixty-five, ,or an oath of'
alegiamce ib the goternmenlt tf the U. States
since the date of said proclamation, anud ~'who
hav not thenceforward kept arid m aitate d the
UDm inriomateC
P90ided, thnt specdal applhicnaon may. be
niae to the President for pa'rdon by an.y per
*Sf' bi-elQ1to the eie':pted ci'mes, and siih
elemency will b o liberally extented. as may. be.
consistent with she facts of the case and the
.peace and digiity of the United States.
The Secretary of State will establish rules.ar*d
regulations 'or administering and ret:ording the
said aninestf oath so'as-to insmre,its benefit to
the peoplq; ard guard the govermnueui against
fraud. *
In stirnionr whereof, I hav. hereurft se iny
hand auti .nsedthe seal othe Iste'I ws
to be a16xed.
Don a c iety of .inton,ti4ey:i " -
day of May, in i iAS Mur-LorW, {fe thou=
sand eight -hundretand sicty-fve, aed of the
independence of the !United Stteteighty
eighth. -
ANDREW. JOHNSO5."
By the President:
WM. H. SEwARD, Secretary of State.
FRpit THE EHASLEsTON Cou -Rd
Free JAbor.
IEAIDQL"ARTEES ORTHEE )ISThIcT. A
Department of the Soutfi,
Charleston, S.C., April.'23.
Tok aters.r8sing oos the north bnk of the
Ashleo, Cdbper and 'Wando rivers, and the
Lower Sanee, Blackt Pedee and Wadafaw
rivers:
Numerous applicitions have been . made to -
me for iltformation as to.the policy.to be adopted
on the subject of labor.
All can .ne&rstand the importance 6f'7aking
a crop the present season,-a d foreseetheomisvy
and suffering consequent upon its .1ilure.
In the present unsettled state of th countrg, -
nd in the absence of any' recognized State. an
thorities,.I find it my duty tu assume control of
the plantations near the military lines, and order
as follows: -
1st. The-planters, after taking the oath of al
leg ance, wll aissemble the freedmen,. (atey
eir slaves) and inform them- that they are free,
tesr n-xr s for $UPPO { ";
rd. Equitable contracts in" ritig will. be
made by the- ners of the land witi'Ahe freed
Men for the cultivation of the lad 'daringi the
present year. t
Pa1 ment will be wade in $ n and tht r
Ince of onebalf the crop zeecolumendet as fair
em nsation for the labor theah146rd furnish
bg .ubsistenge'until the crop is gatheed.
.ie contractJ will be .sbuitted to th. "nearest
miitarv and naval comm e- for approval
When the above requirements*are complied
with, protection will be granted as far as a
necessjtyill allow ;.but where no contrac s
made, the etop will be considered focfeited r
the use of thy laborers.- Should-the owners- efase
to cutivate it, they will Se considered as embar
rassingthe Government, and the lan4 will be
usea ?br colonies of feedmen from the interior.
S Gen. Comd'g.
A gentleman, who traveled on the Central
road yesterday, informs as he net nnmerous
parties of negroes on their way toward. their
oI homes, wiu had tried the experiment of
being free in Macon, with nothing to est,and
no employmeit to earn money Their wretqb
ad condition was beyond description, manynof
them being alniost famished. He was ailso in
fored that there were many hundreds laying
rn woods'i the vicinity- cthe railro4in
the same state of destitition; and that -at one
point.three men in a single squad had died
from starvation on Friday nighL 'Humn&nity
would dictate That something be dotne. for the
seci'Aof ecQntry wn wil. .w-- --
found, is, owing to.the. ages
almost destitct of su01i11 forthewhites who
are residen'ts, and ~they cannot possibly aid
the runaway negroes.-Z .
4<w BRowN -Te.icnnatie.Commercial
says i-many -suppose Governor. Brown, of
Georgia, has been harshly dlealt with1,and the
benevolent and forgiving think of the Gover
nor as. languisiirgqi a loathsome dung~eon.
A gentleman who called on the- President in
the. evenig,. s few days ago was by hinibmade
acquinted with "GofernorRTtn, of Georia
who was going about the cit in a bsek,with
out a-guard, and had caldat the White
ose. -
GRlEENBC-s- T~1?tb eeah
kaoW1 that~ by aet of Congresstnie States~
!fesry Note.-eeral rmed "geen- 4
bAek"-4re legal tender for. all dues -except
import and export dulties and the ierest on
the public debt. Gold and silvcr can only rje
rated as articles Qf mcrchandize. The~ should
be undertod by one and afl.
- MN- M-rm;v 15 Sr-.Eav!LE - *~
Unt xce(ing of the ciizelJtOf 'Mmmernll
n'd the surround.itrI '-ontry was calledi by
the initendan.to( the. town te take pkre~ Oi
WIvudndaf.

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