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The Newberry weekly herald. (Newberry Court House [S.C.]) 1865-1865, July 19, 1865, Image 1

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TRNNEWBERRY WEEKLY HEALD.
- Derited tithe DissemInatien. of Geferal Information.
VOLUME 1 NEWBERRY, S. Q. WEDNESDAY, JULY I9 1865; NUMBER 80.
THE NEWBERRY WEKLY HERALD
IS PUBLISHED AT
NEWBEIRY C . HI.,
Thos. F, A R. 1. Greneketr
TERKS, $1 IN SPECI%, FOR SIX MO TIIS,
'OR 31,50 IN PROVISIONS.
(Payment required invariably, in advsnce 4
Advertisements inserted at $1 per square, for
firat insertion, 60 cents for subsequent insertions.
Marr'age notices, Funeral invit-tions, Obituaries,
and Communications of personal interest charged
as advertisemtents. 9
A Pic-nic on Eneree.
iLast week the writer was noti&edt by some of
his old com anions in ar- 'dat there would be
-a pic-aic gifn to CompL. "E", (the Quitman
Rifemen) at Sondley's Mill, (formerly Brazzie
man's) on .Erioree River, with aa injunction to
bring with him some Iady-friend. A kind and
hospitable family in the neighborhood were ao
good as to send to town for me the day previous,
and after a ' y packing up of a few articles of
wearing apparel, I seated mysilf with some
alacrity by the side of the young Jehu of- sable
hue, who rattled off the nine miles upon the
smooth summer roads in good time, thcugh it
was wih some difctilty that hecould keep awake
between the soothing motion of the buggy,. and
the eomnolent ecuts of the afternoon sun. TLe
pleasant reflections of a sirive into the country,
with a pleasant visit in perspective, and a ri-union
of old comrades on the mtotrow, mat this little.
jaunt a pleasaot one, and the hospitable reception
at the cnd%f the journey was a no less agreeable
sequel. The morning ef the pic-nic was bright.
and uncloud d, promising to besultry, but pro:
i.g to be a bret-zy 'ummer da.y, whiif night
have been joy-iuspiring but for the unhappy cdan
diticn of o'ir country. O4s I rode to the place of
rendezvous ira xarri 'ge with a lady-frieind, we
pAssed through a section of congy of long set
tienent i sd ancient cultivation, whose succesa-ve
red and yellow hills. w Vre ntill c'iothed with pro
m:i .iig crups of corn. The summer fruits give
promise of speed abudance, and the road-sides
were f iuged with the proliic blackberry bushes
whose lingering crop of glossy red.and blackber
rie', mlbgted}m rich atnf betatfnuI conitratt as
ti huig-in pe;dent chaster'"i.ng the hedge
ro % s. We pessed the handlrotme 'residences of
se'-ral thriving planters, and one exenie ne
gro q:arter where.a e"ry len; row of eahius r:ac
built in an extn'rnire grove of shade trees, both
of which reacied farth-r thun we could see, a
the row of hou?es was bnilupon a gently descenL
fug lope which teriiated in a slight' ravine.
A rrived at the place -'of - rendezvous we found
, ost of the company d posed-in groups at. uis
taut ipterv:zls, the main body or reserve hig
T t"arer. the river, seated on cushions and engaged
in ganewot cards or flirtations. They were very
quiet when ie t' others joined tli'em,. and we
were met with the rather s ddening intelligence,
that the expected death of a young lady near
Mavbiaton had prevented a large numbcr frau
:ttending: Tkis and other co:'sideratipns threw
a damp upon our enjoyeut, and 'I for one wae
not dis'po.4e to be hdlarious. *There were buti
fe~w of the Q-tmuan's present, and the meeting to
me was marei sad than rrerry. Even our cl-de-1
rant Captain whio-m hrity rarely ever flag;. and
whose flow of spirits is to me a source of wonder
not to say envy, seem'e i at first to feel the con
-tagious infl.inence of the quiet party, but as
-his motto seems 'to be, "begone dull care", he
gradually worked himself up to a reason'gble pitch
of enjoyment, and with his usual brus uerief
teased and worried othersintQ- a state'ofp ayfed
excitement. He was looking unco:amonly well,
owing to his suJcccssfCa defence of care and his
natural good logks and 'merry-heartedness. A
numnber of swains and elderly gentlemen remained
apart in'groups, 'a la Americane', and did not'
* jomn the ladies and the mxain,body or reserve till
the attack on thme viends was made at the hourI
ei noon. The dinner 'a! fresco' was laid under a
wide rpread:ng mulberry tr'ee, wh,ere there w:ts
plenty of shade and ift grass, in a ecol nook
near the springr, wMec was situated on a little
rise just above, under the canopy of four or five
large oaks. Tihe vianids were very tempting m:
deed, conSi=tinlg of cold ham and mutton,' cold
chicken prepared in various m:-des, cika~. salad,
potatee salad, pickles, bui5cuits a la mode,_ loaf
bread, pound cakes, fruit cakes; sos. g;nger
bre'ad, fruit pjes, custairds, preserve patties,
* blackberry. m..rmnalade, apples, peaches and
waterme'ons.~ Every one partook with great
zest of these good things, proving the fact that
the good people and especially the ladies of tbis
; .neighborhood are very successful catterers og pic
-nic occasions, which arc 'common occurrences
ait them. Ther merrimAent of the party was
percepdibly augmented at th.is very social- repast
ar.d the flow of~ mirth was kept up pret y well till
the time..of departure. After dinner mn t of the
-Qitmans had accident:lly seated th'emseives
upon a kind of semi.circular bank or shelving
terrace near where the collation had been spread,
and thus formed an imnpromtpfu tab!eaux to which
the attention of the rest of the compay was .d1
rected, and which was facetiously called a line
of battle from the fact of our being in a line,
albeiL a rarve. By accident our latercommander,
Capt. RI. II. W--, was seated or rather reclined
-with myself at the head of the row. Hi.s genuine
admiration of the fair sex bad been gratitied en
the occasion, for alth6ugh he had formerly not
been a professed lady's man, he had on this day
been unusually attentive and seemed to have had
a pleasant time ina his quiet way. Near to us were
seated three of the smaller mienbers.of the comn
Dany, 2e lively, the good-hunoured Sam Murti
b.,a prim'nr fromr Point Lookout, Wi lie
s--, '"le beautiful, the bkre eye'd", and Jef~y
*B--, the good looking little ex-courier. Then
wc au-rGwr T.-, an at er ea-eotriev. an d fo;
merly of great personal energy, though now ap
parently mote subdued and something more
"spirituelle," then came rollicking Jim C--,
who also 'bids defiance to dull care and practises
the Latin mottQ "carpe diem:" -Little Edward
C-, was also there with-his Scotch-Irish physi.
ognomy, and John M-, who is also not very
large in size but who has always had a good time,
and a fund of good humonr. Lieut. T. S. M-,
who also ranks in s;.e with the above named,
camne in at the eleventh hour and was looking
uncommonly wrll. L. K. G--, was there also
and is-atso one' of the iiminutire. There was
scarcely one -of iue "tall grenadiers" there, J.
C--, was the only one of them present. The
hilarity at and after dinner was of an agreeaole
character without being at all uproarimas, and the
parting was rather sud after all, though I returned
to the hospitable mansion of my friend' -where I
spent some days.most agreeably in social inter
tourse, whilst at meals I was regaled with the
abdunant "creature comforts," whieh'that minEi9n
is famous for, espeeially with abtindance of fresh
fash, which the mala.members of the family sup
pliEcf in buaheIs for several successive'.days, hav
ing caught them in the novel ttode of grabbli-ng
as well as seining. It was a .nost agreeable jaunt
into the country, and a sojourn which I shall tong.
remember. Q. E.
Headquarters Department of the 'Siot.
Lu.roN BLaD, S. C., June-27, 1866
GsziAz ORDERS,
No. 102..
With .a. view 'to establish and pteserve good
eiar, settie dispute.4, encotrage industry, Odn.
peI obedience to laws and orders and educate Vie
poor, the following . rules and.regulations are
lereby established, and ,will be put in operation
thrcnghout this -Department with as little delay
as practicable: -
1. District Commanders will divide their com
mands ijtto sub-districts of suitable siEe, each
conaprising one or more counties, parishes or
congressional districts. Treach sub-district they
will assign a commanding officer, (with a suitable.
number of tro9ps) an As'istant Provost Marshal,
and an .slstent Provost Judge. A permanent
Provost Guard will be plae:-d under-the imme
dixre ord- rs of the Asrist nt Provost Mars:al.
II. Within each sub-diStrict Superior Provost
Courts, and Circuit Provost Co.urts, composed of
not mord thun tiree' members each-shall be
held at stated times and places. The superiot
and Circuit provo-t court., to have concurretlt
jirisdction ove, all eases as hereinafter specifed
that can he properly tried before them.
111. The Superior Provost Court will habitually
hold its saious at .ub-distrci. headquarters, and
wi:l be presid-d_ovr h ' the AQ iait.Povost
-agv wo m.,V olnate with h m, -e. m
-respectable loyal citiz'-ns, giving the priference
to -local magistrate, other things behig equal.
IV. Circuit 'Proio-t Co(urts ohall.be held at iw
portant poiatr,a:,d at statei timies, withiu the
sub-district, andshafl be presided vver Vy one of
the inembere of ihe Superior Provost Court, de
signated by the sub-dis:rict commander. for that
purpose. The pr-id. t' of i Circuit Provost
ourt ntat associate wh' him on ,or two leyal.
;ti:ens or mngitraues.
'V. The co-irts above named shall have power
to try all case4"hetween. citizens, and between
citizens and soldiers, and. all crimes and all viola
ZiOns of military orders and the laws of the Uni
ted States which do not come within the jurisdic
tion of a court martial, and -to is-ue tle usual
process fo- the attendance of witnesses, and de
:rees forthe ptasession of property, and for the
payment d dcbts, damages and costs. The de
rees will go ony to the right -of posseaion and
at of property. They ma~y impose finez niot ex
eeeding one btndred dollars ($100,) andi imprison
not exceeding -two moaths. Offaces by citizens
reqiring a severer punishment, t~ill be tried by
a military cornmission. - They will appoint tbeir
cert and other officers, and shall keep a record
ot their proceedings stub,iect to the reeision of
sub district; and higher oommandlers, .and wil
adopt rules and forms of procedure, whfich' shall
be. es simple as possible. Citizen memnbers of
oorts may be allowed three. dollars for eaJh days'
attendance. The feet charged will be merely
suficient to pay ill expensea.
VI. Appentla from the Provost Courts will be
had to the sub-distei.t a.nd 'distriet enmumanders,
under such rules and on such terms as the district
comanders r.ayvprovde.
VII. All parties to suits before the Superior or
Circuit Provost Courts may employ counse.h l3t
all personsa.bringing suit c- apj,eaing as g1ounmsel
before said courts, as well as the cmae~.n memnbers
of said courts, will be reuaired to gihe proof that
they have taken the oath of allegiance.
iii. It iz the ddty of the military authors
thoughout this D'epartmnent, when called upon
to de so, to aid the assistant commissioners and
agents of the "IUareau of Refugees, Freednien,
and Abandeed LandJs," -in the execution of
'ntis under the laws of. the United-States and
the orders of the commisi>ner of said Bureau
isued in accordance therewith; and, when there
is no such assistant commi ioner or agent upon
the spot, to take e-agnizance themiselves of al
.vidtions of sumch laws and. orders. All cases el
such violatior: may be tried before the coutst
herinabove auithorized.
IX. All cases r,roperly comi'g v-iithin the jur.
isdition of these courts will be brought to trial
promptly, and all unmecessary arrests of citizens
will be avoided..
X. The existenee of the courts heremabove
athorized, will oease whenever and wherever,
the fuaaetions of the officers of the coyl laws are
resored to operation by proper tjithdirity..
XL. District and sub-district' commanders ari
directed to provide; whenever practieable, for shi
Ieducation of the chmildrm. of the poor .thi theiy
commada, and for that purpoee they are author
izedjo det(il regimental chapl..ins-and non-corn
missioned ofiicers and-privates for teachers.
The education of the children of Rlefuge-eflu
Freedmen will be relinquished into the han8s o
Sthe assistant commissionlers and agents of tA
Freedmen's Bureau, wh:never they are in readi
.ess to tltecharge of the same.. B~y Command
-Major-General Q. A. GIL~LMORE,
-W. L. M. Buntiau,
- Omcm : As:ti;t Adj'itan*. Geueral
SJuy 19 t
'd Q'rs, Military Dst. West'a S. C.
FOURTH SEPARAT BRIGAD'.
NEWBERRY,J LY 15, 1865. -
GEN. ORDERS,
No. 3. f
I. Thecase of John B. GlymPh, by his own
statement, shows that-he bad a cotversatiarw
with a freedman, on h' plintation, abont the
contract, who wished to coisuit .a United
States officer to ascertAin itit was ccrrect,atl
so told Mi: G:ymph. Glyp h was indign.
that the colord man shotd not confidi,e ine
him, and,when be s,iar.ted fok this place, seizedI
a shot gun and deliberatelycrW, the contents
entering the arm and back bf the negro. A s
Glymph has been several days in jailgit is
ordered that be be released, on executing a
bond, with sufficient security, to keep tho
peace and appear for trial whenever called.
ii. Wm. Lemons is a c,erk in at hotel at this
place. - B.rel Mayes, wh4en no one would
supposc to be anythizg buttAnglo-Saxon, has
t taint of African' blood, iSdae time ago he"
escaped from his master,'rent to Colijbia,
volunteered as a soldier, utder the nrame of
John Br6wn, in a South qarolina Regt.c was
wounded In the battle aiuo Wilderness, cap
ured, sent Norih, and finiliy -turned as a
prisone# of war.
Lemons makes the justi'cation' for-agsault
and battey, that Maycs ene into.the b!
and requested him to tak 'harge of his car
pet bag, passing it over e counter, - T.e
next day he returned, procired his carpet bag
and went on his way. By some tneans Lan
bns learned.tbat Mayes wah tainted with Af
rican blood; he became eara;ed,: that a tie
gro should ask him to do any service, followed
until-he founl and commented beating him.
As there is not the shadow of amcxcuse for
his conduct he must remain in jail until a
competent court can punish him as he de
serves.
IMl. Job Whitmin charged by a freedwomnan
with beating her, was arrested, and on exam
nation states that he was iaformed the woman
was insolent to his wife, the particulars or
provocation for which he did not ascertakin;
but he took the woman, striped her nked,
tied her down, and then with .leather strap
gave 25 stripes. Th;s is ciearly a case of as
sault and battery, and would te punishcd:'as
suclexcept that Mr. Whit:nact .alleges ,hat
he would 'never have ptfniAed the wornan
had he not supp osed he had s ri htso to do,
Ohio Vol., lateiy con;n:..ndi g at this place,
approve.-contracts with* the power inserted
to the employer to punish, and also'told them
in ntuerous instances thit t.tey could buck
and.gg and tie up by the thumbs wheneser
necessary. Tlfis is the exu. given. for m.any
outrages committed upon the.colored poopie
in this section of the State,
That there may be -no excus+ x') future of
fences, th'e Brev't Brig. Genb Com'dg issues
this Order, directed to all'the dist-icts in his
command, viz: Lancaster,-Fairfield, Chester,
York, Union, Newberry.E dgeGeld, Abbeville,
Laurens, Spartanburg, Greenville, Anderson
ar.d Pickens.
Why an offi$ in the United States service
shotld approve contracts with such a dang
erous delegationWf.power, and in .ddition au
thorize the exercise of punish-nent so brutal
adinhunran, as seldom to be used in the
army, is very remarkshle. -The contract said
the punishment should, be lawful. Tet -nn
an s stpidbut knows, thsat the lawml pun
Fishment which slavery imposes cannot ne~w be
alowed to scourge the nzakid back and limib
of free men and women. Sfavery aied the hsh
are synonous. yon um sepeate one frnrn.
the other in the mind-3f th'e African. Yet.a pirl
whome insofence msay have been produced, as
hometimes it is, by violent and threatening
lngage, or insaknea 4f you please, f'-om
Ithe white person, wrho ,as of size to be
held in Mr. Whitman's' lef ha.nd, is tied~
and beat, on the supposition thair it wii
right, becausa a United stites o4ieer. had
delegated such power. The colored pecpke
'areteldthey are~ free, yet under the
shield of thie United States, government, they
are flogged somseof ViACem s they never were
before.- Tnere are many persons who feelail
te bitterness wh>hl the rebellion engenier
ed, and whie broodin~g ovret the sprifincption
or defeat, loss Zif 'property,;ard eipanoipation
of slaves, exhibit the cruel mieanne.ss of wreak
ang vengeanlce uport~ the innocent and helws
tfreedmen
A ftdr the publication of this order, like pf
fences will be severely pu.ished. .You. haive
wrn to sustain the proclamion of the
Preident, consequentty thie aboution of 4a
sery. Such conduct you wrill reariy see is
violation of your-Darole, a forfeiture e.f your
oath. Nearly all tho difbcu!ties attending thec
imeiate emancipationl of so -large m class,
and the trar.sition; from slave to free la ,or,
Icond be remov~ed entirely, or greatly mitiga
ted by a cheerful acquiescence or. -the part o
alSome veri foolish; if* noa very'~ w$ked mn
are contributing nne only to tid~r on injaay,
but that of the entire stata JBy disregadit!g
and render ueeesar" the presence of..nistAry
power, to pre?erit that which they ought not
to do, and to accomplish that they ought to
efect. To day the spirit of rebeliit with
someis strong. The spirit of rebelhion ag:iinst
the emmncipationi of-slave-y, rebellion against
rithe rights freedom grants tot all, witho~ut re
Sgard to color or rank. - No one can denygj1st
mnanfy are '3e1ievihtg slatery mili not be
desryedhy7 i-efnsal of the States to amnend
e c-.ttmn. Many are strm~'ng to em
barrass the system of free.labor, with a view
to show the -wor!d that slavery ought not to
be abelished ; also t6 make the condition of
the -freedmen miserable, so they. should
feel that their conditidh was preferable in sla
ver to freedom. Another fact - iP evident,
:haathe freedmen havo no eonfid^nce in their
former masters. They look upon them as
tho:.e through .hom for ymrs they- have been
held in servittle, and who they fear would
lose no opportunity -to remand them back to
s!verv.
Wieh these facts.conceded, the tourse of
the forrm;er master is plaii. The dogma of
State rights as you understood the fatal and
b'gedysielton of see:ioq, taught froryiyour
earliest infancy ; Slavery, with which you
bate been reared from tLe-cradle, have, in con
sequence of . our own acts, been forever de
stroyed. Thpy are dead', with no urore hope
ofrearret~oqthaa -a sparate Conufederacy,
buried . the best blood of the republic,
and-amiv ' grsves of hundreds of thou
sand.s Wny he nation wili mdtrn for yeats.
You put :t *eril yotir ow-.n mst;utions'and
your own country-- to destroy this- republic,
and failed ; accrept now the fruits of the re-.
bellion, b4ter thpugh they be, and carry out
the terrns f your surrend?r. and ilegiance in
the pirit f ,cbivalri mew.; Do not, becAuse
you may be distant.frdim a r:li'ary post, visit
upon the harmless and unote'tding negro the
hostilities and resentnents you feel against
the United States.
However obnoxions it may h, every man
is free and must be treated as such, that done
the whole Is accomplished, 'anad nearly every
obstaclr removed. You have been. for years
learning the foily of resistance to the Govern
ment and -have been almost. ruined. Sur
render now at he outset all prejudice
against-uireral liberty. Yo'ur own hap:
piness and prosperity demand it. Encouf
"age the syger of free labor. Develop its
resources, and the waste places will blossom
once more, and grass grw gre-,n on battle
'plains. Yoir own wet re depends on the
welfare of. -the yolored race.' Without his la
ber your fields will not be cultivated, your
wea;tb not,-increase. When you makd his
condition . miserable, it.rea::u nnd.entails the
same ipoa yourself Treat him kindly. Learn
him by your acts that you consider hiti free
and desire not to enslave him again, and you
restore his con5dene. .
.Aitor four years of bitter war, after you
iad.eihaj4e all 4le :reTMdelty;
Ction, t r 7rvres 5 aH
ask. that we may be. gnient, forgiving, and
not exa'peratc your people. What you ask
will be granted. Tie Government of the
United Stars, its people, its army, every of
ficer and soldier will treat you kindly. In
.return they ask that what -iS meted out to
you who have depe so much of- wrong to
yourselves and the republic, shall be cheer
fully by you meted out to a people without
guilt, who are 'ret becauSe ibey cannot-avoid
i.t, who haie uot been even required to stretch
forth the hand to take the profYered boon. A
people faithfui- while you were absent in the
army, neither destroying your jands, houses
or family. Yet never known to withhold aid
oi betray the path of tbe Union prisoner.
You caruot' expect the sudden 'uange in
yotrr system of labor to work smoothly at. first:
Te negro is to bp la,-ned to discharge.the
duties and obligations freedom enjoins, as
well as. a true conception of the rights it
~.He .is to .be taught that there .is no
immunity from labor ; that in the aw'eat of
his brow m', he earn his bread. That-he is
no entitled to any share- of his former mas
ter's land, or mules, cr stock That' hA has
only bcen giten the title t himxsef ;--that he
ean no imwe be hobi on -the auction block.
Ti:t the wife cannot be taken from his bo.* m,
the chzild from hiBside, an~d. .old forever from
his sight.. Tht vaerancy, an<t idlenzss and
theft will be pur.shed by the proper ruthority,
because they are crinies in all regnlated so
cety. liat iihilo- he can' make contracts he
i bou'.nd iby thu when mar, and must rulill
them. Tihat he ormdot throw down the 1c3
and aband!on the crop at pX-asure, but w:ll be
reqired V-dthfully to labor and. obey his em
>>orin all lawful commxand.X and ot,absent
hiself fr"rm his diuty wiflput permtnl
That he must be igejpectful aud scourteous,
that insolence 'is no moert to be tole;ated from
a feea than a slaeV'.
nt f~ this intruictiofnnmust be imrp-rted
by ther tM'mer o-wners, h ."4 necssar that
thy .hoiu1 ieara to recogn~ize the rights and
tereiy be f?ated in .a peosui mm~ roee
tunflv .to teach the duities of fr.eesmeD.
of'y~ the frededni are declinmg to sign
cotracts 'rmiess they can he told by proper
noth-ity they are riht. -The p'n*er to pu
i: raserved -i son:e conltracts,-and the con
tihance of the lash, have rmoYed their su~pi
inn, and they prefer working on. leaving 11
to th.e emfJoyers to give them, what they
<hoose, forsar by making a mark on naper
hey will sign ngay somie of their liberty
After .consutti(.n with citizenls of tlbissee
tion, it is proposed to formn a basis, of . emon
raion, a igeneral or'der, shi,ch ihl be jusl
to all, to apply wher-no -contract has-bheeri
made, anLd whieb will extend to-all the dis.
tricts in t& command.
The many good citizens who are contribu
i., by word and deed, to have accepted th<
new older of affairs, will deserve well of heil
State, if ther c:on so mould public sentimeat
Ithat the same spirit whj$h.led to rebellhon.fo.u
ars ago may now be p, erkbs to -emnban
rss their communities by tbwarting the de
ignr of the govenment.
rmAit 'eri sooni be established, in ever;
distri t with-n this cormp as directed -
ders fromh Dep't.'Feaid{Quatars wbe tes.
timony of witnesses wf!j'e"taken withoiit -
gard to color.
In order to assist this section of the Statr,
to the extent of hi power, with.a-viei of
more fully explaining to :dl, thelante d
freedmen,the nature of their rights a ud es,
tha Brev't 'rig. Genl. Co.&dg, wild- site
three or four places in each distrct,-of ich.
nubl.:: notice will be given, where be wl''
meet the inhabitants, and save many the
necessity -of a long ride to the Court
House town of the District. Planters are
requested to inform the' freedmen ' of the
time and object of -the;eet' ad en
cour;:ge them to be present,.r tei .obiga.
tio.s may, be esplained,and nisconcgtiqua s
toliberty bd6nd tbelaw, may be correcteii
The ciatse inserted in forter coiiacts.
delegating the power to. pnish; s hereby de
clared 4ull and voiL
The laws of this State in regard to.thdbsoW -
tiliation of liq s will be e med. Oaty ''
fruits in their season, and nocereals, can be
distillcd. The - of liqers will be reutla.
ted ps your Stae laws provide. ,ereafter
none will be sold except by permission of
commanding officers of subHhstricts.
By command of Brevet Brg.en. -
Cj. AN WYCK,
HENRI B.'LQOMIS -
1st Lt. & Adj't. 56th N. Y. Y.,- A.>.C and
Pro. Marsha. .
Important iecte.
Thereader, of every class, *ill -do we l to.
note tbo following importiit 'on,pied
from the Richmond Whig, of M6 2B. The
principlelaid down will, as aatttirofeourve,
regulate all the rela 'os of debtor and dredi
tor, as well as those oflandlord and tenaat:
The Court yesterday,delivered its written
pinion i. ationto contracts entered intia
between latdford an-enant on the -bsts ot
Confederats oney. Rent due prior to Apr,
1, 1865, andnot paid, is to be, paid in 1 ac
currency, such a sum as %h amount^ of rett
in Confederie motney would have deh~sed
of gold at the time the-. paymnt was dse.
Thus, if the rent: were $9 equaiMr, the
sum to.bo now paid fortb4 rent du-March
31. is assertained by dividing -the $1,500 by
(say) 60, the selling rate'of god, equal to $25.
in greenbacks. 'From and after the 1st Apil,
1865,. rent -for the uepired terst I a
n Nisarpo0P
nes an addition of 50 per cept
Tomlin against Giles. Th;s gtse was decf
ded, so far as concerns th rent in acco danc. -
with the principle above announeed.- The
rrent in 1860, as a dwelling house, was $800.
If used and rented then for a place of pUblic
business, as a portiQn of itnpw is, the rent
would have'probbly beeu. -zO. A4- to
this latter fifty pe cent, and L. rent as
certained w'bich the tenant Sha i pay.
BE gMOST.-We remnember seeing, a dosen
rcars ago, in pSrominernt letters over-tl*sttdy
door of a most useful man the wod3s. "e:or".
How ma%h, it occurred to. us,.a_c pree
in those. monosrilables, aqy bow-amoehssin g
in 'p1cing them there; cells *auats
and tedious convers.t-lon, had reyrtwa too *
mny valuable pen.pLAt f s tht'was n *
be long, its possessor having.dielbeforeJu.m- h
ed the age of fifty xiarS.' Yet there is scarcely**
i Jesson which mei1r are so slot to learn as this
one, " be short." -a- ---
thorship andbusiness-in mehg,in speeches
in.thie thousand.-and one deta1 ~ oeeryday lite
tfierP is a mcarellous -absence o( dipteh- Thes
railwvay and telegn .a'ro 0 deing ~ h to
eucate the jpple, and yetite~ 4tj
'irags its slow legthalong, is. s@~i thelad.
ment-(we had almost said.the vice) of muld de
-te number'is not relatively large ritofrnow how
tc accompint :ehl, and at the same tinme be brief.
Wha passes hrough.u a ainiversary ason.oA
1en through a Sabbath, too--without nsishing at -
some poilft, 1:ot foi- ear-trenpets'so much as -~
densers ? T beresuif. i tedium, and kys ofA2 t
-a .result that is onien more far reachmog than -u
reomed c f.
B fe short" These two words.mt:an.mneh,
Tyy give gret'tesat satisLTction in argument, ir
conjver2stion in visiting ini writing, -in .1bugt
every thing. They secompIih thingi(ht? too
many wbrd' and too och: duanes ie4 i
pril.wth failure. They 'reismi time, that .a1
comy.whending and aH.mnean.ing someting we
call our own,. on the- right .'d sing use of
which depend i,he won'dess of good -w may do6
nd the treasures- we niiay lzi. aip -t,r:sbion0
eeds of eternity. ,Au -or losgs-.aFd ietu
spring from -the muisuse. or abas ,of tri De
minutes h.ere, .rela.tive to dargtien. ad Aszper.
tance, are miore$0 be co
etermity.
A HoRRIBst5 Avre---A
th}aana einb1ican g. h he
ry, S. .C.,. were 'int au- s'mea
by songe colored . r6~~a~isof the
unfortunlate inai'd&~s ~ Ws i
~Richdale. Thiey we a plantation.
owned by Win. Lbin a
That was a gig&)i$ ng and 'gai
laii Uoosier odea ~ ft-ceMn1g a- nota.
frmn a lady, "re u~qm pleasare or his,
company" at a ety We.gireu ie )'dooese
on the evenii-; 'higdated, took his vokslnfee
and mnarch:ed them to the ycong las -
dence. When it wgsexWghed tni,wta -
it was himself alone o.tad heenti i
si,"B~ gnity th etrgdcma
**

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