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The Newberry weekly herald. (Newberry Court House [S.C.]) 1865-1865, July 26, 1865, Image 1

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I
THE NEWBER,RY EEKLY HRL
Devoted tothe. D ssemina:tion of General Iuformation.
NLUME I. NEWBERRY, S. C., WELYKESDAY, JULY -26, 180". -
THE NEWBERRY WEEKLY HERALD
IS PUBLISHED AT
NEWBERRY C. H., "
Thos. F. & R. H. Greneker.
TERMS, $1 IN SPECIE, YOR SIX MONTHS,
OR $1,50 IN PRVISIONS.
(Payment require'd invariably in advance.)
Advertisements inserted at $1 per square; for
6rat insertion, 50 cents foi subsequent insertibns.
Marr'age notices,,, FuSerai invitations, Obituaries,
and Communications of personal interest &harged.
a as advertisements.
* H'd Qu'rs, Military Dist. West'n S. C.
FOURT$ SEPARATE BRIEADE.
NEWBERRY,- JULY 15, 1865.
GEN. ORDERS,
I. The case of John B. Glytnplh, by his own
statement, shows that he had a-conversation
- with a freedman; on hid plantation, about the
contract, who wished to consult a United
States officer to ascertain if it was correcb,and
so told Mr. Glymph. Giympli ewas indignant
that the colored man. should 'not confide in
him, and,when the started for this place, seized
a shot gnn and aeliberately fired, the contents
entering the arm and back of the negro. As
Glyu pli has been: several days in jail, it is
-ordered that he be released on executing a
bond, with. suffleient secnrity, to keep the
peace and'appear.for trial whenever called.
II. Wm. Lemons is * clerk n a hotel at this
pla Burrel. Mayes, whom no one would.
suppose to- be anything but Angko-Saxon, les
- - ba taint of African blood. Some time ago he
eGcaped from his master, went to'Columbia,
volunteered as a soldier, under the name of
John Brown, in a South Carolina Re4 was
" wounded in the ba'ttle of the Wilderness, cap
tured, sent North, and mnally returf' as a
prisoner of war.
Lenidns makes thr justi6cation for assault
.and battery. that Mayes came into the hotel
and requested him..to take-charge of his car
- pet-bag,_ passing it over the counter. The
ecxt'day be'r.tt.rned, procured his carpet bag
and went orbi1 way. By some means Lem
ons learned that Maye was tainted with Af
rican blood;-he became enra-ed, that a ne
gro-should ask him to do any service, fdliowed
fiow o an excuse.lr
his condect he must remaia in- jail until a
e>mrpetent co rt can punish him as he de
serves.
IfI. John Whitman charged byvafreedvoman
with beating her, was arrested, and on exam
nation rttate that he w,.{ informed the w;o i
was insolent to his wife, il. particulars or
provocation for which he. did not ascertain;
but he took the wom.n, striped her nsked,
tied her down, and then uith a leather strap
gve 2dstr'ipei;. This is clearly a case of as
tiult and battery, and would be punished as
such except that Mr. Whitman alleges that
he-would never have punished the woman
had he not supposed he had a right so toAo,
from the fact tha Capt. Murray, of the 25th
01hio Vol., lately commanding at This place,
approved contracts with the power inserted
to the employer to punish, and also-told them
in numferQLus instainces that they could buck
a ,nd gag and tie ~ng by the thubea whenever
necessary. This is:the excuse giveri for many
-- oatrages commnitted upon tje colored people
- - in-this section~ of the State.
That tbere may be nog excuse fowfuture of
fences, the Brev't Brige Geni. Com'dg issues
this Order, directed y, all the districts i:& his
* command, viz: Laneagter, Fairfi.4 Chester,
York, Union,. Newberry, Edgefleld Abbeville,
Laurens, Sp rtanburg, Greenville, Anderson
and Pickens.
Why an officer in the United States service
sh ~ould approve contracts with such- a dang
- erous delegation of power, and in additionau
thoriae the exercise of punishmnent so brutal
an~d inhuman, as seldom to be- used in the
army, iv'very remarlgable. The contract said
* the punishmnent should bce lawful. Yet no
man so stupid but knows, titat the lawful pun.
ishment which'slavery imposes cannot now be
allowed to scourge the naked back and limbs
of free men and women., Slavery and the lash
are synionymous, you cannot separate one from
-the bther~ in the mind of the African. Yet a girl
whose insolence may have been produced, as
-. ometimnes it is, by violent and threatening
aanguage, or insolence if you please, from
the white person, who was of size to be
held in Mr. Whitman's left band, is tied
and beat, on the supposit.ion that it was
right, because a United States officer had
delegated such power. The colored people
are told they are free, yet under the
shield of the United States government, they
are- fiogg~ed sonie of. them aste never wr
before. Tnere are many persons who feel all
the bitterness which the rebellion engender
ed, and while brooding over the mortitication
of defeat, less of property, a'4 emancipation
of slaves, exhibitghe cruel meamess of w reak
ing vengea*ice upon the innocent and helpless
-freedmen.
OA fter the publication of this order, like of
fenes will be severely'punished., You -have
swdrn to sustain .the proelamantion of the
3 - President, consequently the abolition of sla
very. Such.,onductjyou will readily see is a
Sviolation of your parole, a forfeiture of youl
- oth, Nearly all the difficulties attending the
immnediate emancipation of so la'ge a class,
and the. transition Trom slave to free labor,
could be removed entirely, or greatly mitigs
- edby a cheerful acetiecVfeO on the part ol
Some very foolisr, if not very wicked men
are contributing.pW only to their own injury,
but that of the enfire .state. By disregarding
the rights of the freetimen, they contemn and
despise the authority of the United States,
arid. render necessary the presence of military
I power, to prevent that which they ought.not
to do, and to accompiislt that atbey ought to
.effect. To day the spirit of rebellion with
some is strong. The spirit of rebellion against
the eAaricipation of slavery, rebellion against
the rights freedom grants to all, without re
gard to-color or rank. 'No one can deny that
many are believing slavery will not be
destroyed by*a refusal of the Stites to amend
the'cQnstitution. Many are striving to em
barrass the system of free labor,.with a view
to show thw vorld that slavery ought not to
be albolished ; also4o nako. the condition of
the -freedmen -nuserable,. so .they should
feel that.their. condition.was preferable in sla
very to. freedom. Another fact is evident,
that the freedmen have no confidence in their
former masters. They look upon 'them as
those through whom for years- they haebeen
heldin servitude, who they fear would
lose no opportunity-o refnand the m back to
slavery..
With these favts conceded, the .cqurse of
the former master is plain.- The dogma o1
State rights as Irou understood the fatal and
bloody delusion of secession, taught from your
eerliest infancy ; Slavery, with which you
have been reared from thbecradle, have, in don
sequence of your own acts, been forever de
stroyed. - They are dead, with no more hopc
of resurrection than a separate Confederacy,
buried beneath the best blood of the republic,
and amidst the graves of hungreds of thou
sands whoin the nation will rnournrfer years.
You put in peril your ovn insiutions an<]
your own country to destroy -this republic,
and failedi accept now the fruits of the re
hellion, biUter though they be, and carry oi
the terms of yotir surrender and allegiance it
the spii-it of. chivalric nen, Do not, Lecaus(
you may be distant from a n litary post, visil
trpon the harmless and unoffending tegro the
hos ilities and 'esentments you feel againsi
the United States,
However obnoxious it may be, .every nar
is free' and must be treotdd as such; that dont
f the whole is accomplished, a'nd .nearly every
obtacle removed, Yofi have been for yeai
learhing the folly of rsistj0-t th_nrsi
rendder .no%r at th .outset. all prejudic<
against universal liberty Your own hap
I pirss and :prosperity demand it. Encour.
age. the- system of free-labor. Develop it:
!-resources, and the waste placeR wiU blossod:
once more, and grass -grow green on batt<
p-;nQ. Your own welfare depends on the
,,;lfarc of' the c+nlored race. Wibout his la.
hor your fields wilt not be cultivated, you
wealth not increase. When you make hii
corditida miserable, it reacts and entails the
same upon yourself., Treiat him kindly. Learr
him by your acts that you considerlin free
and desire not to enslave him again, and you
.restore 'sis"confidenee. .
After-four years of bitter war, after you
had exhausted all the resources of a mighty
section; the prowess.of a brave people, fou
ask that we may be lenient,- for;giving, anc
not exasperate your people. What youi asli
will be grnted. The Governmecnt of the
inited States, its people, its army, every of
{ ciin and soldier will treat you kindly. It
rettirn they ask that what is. meted .out t<
~you w-ho have 4one so much of wrong t<
yourselves and the republic, shall be' cheer
fully by you 'meted out to a pdople withoul
guilt, wvho. are free becngse they cannot avoic
it, who have not been even required to stretcl
forth the hand to take the proffered -boon. 2'
-people faithfuil while you were absent in thi
army neiherdestroying your lands, house:
or amiy.Yet noe'r known. to withhold aic
or betray the path of.the Union prisoner.
You cannot etpect the sudden change. ir
your system of labor to work smoothly ac first
The negro is to be learned-- to discharge th<
duties- and obligations freedom enjoins, as
well as a true conception of the rights i:
guaranties.
He 'is to be -taught that there is' nt
immunity from labor ; that in the sweat o
his brow must he earn hist bread. ~' That he il
not entitled to any share of his former mas
ter's land, or mules, br stock. 'That ho haa
only been given thE title to himself; that bh
can no more be sold on the auction block
That the wife cannot be taken from his bosomi
the child from his side, -and 'sold,.forever fron
his iJght. That vagrancy, and idleness an<
theft will be p.unish'ed by the proper anthoity
because they are crimes in all rcgulated.so
ciety. That while he can make contractS bi
-is bound by them when i?nde, and.must fu'fi
them. Th~atte cannot thron- down the hol
and abandon the crop at pleasure, but'will be
required.faithfully,to labor arid obey his em
ployer in all lawftsl cornnds, and not absen
himnsdif 'f-rm. his duty without. permission
That he must be respectful and courteous
that its'lence is no mior to be toleraited frors
a freeman than a slave.
S3fost of this instrVctioz must be imnperted
by their former owners, how necessary tha
thiey should learn to recognize the rights and
therely be placed in a po.sition more effec
tually to teach the duties of freedmen.
Many of' the freedmen are declining to sigt
p contracts unless they can be told by propel
authority they are right. -The power to pun
ish reserve4 in- some contracts, ami the con
t-uance of the lasih, have moved their suspi
cions, and they prefer working on, leaving i
to the cmplioyers. to give them what the]
ciose, for fear by making a mark on papel
they will. sign away some of their liberty.
After consultation with citi enta if this sec
tion, it is proposcd to form -, bttsis of.remun
l eration, iii a general order, which will be-jtst
to all, to. apply wheseno' ceritract has-been
.made, and which will eetd to al the di.e
tricts in this coura*id.
The many.good'citizens ,ihc are rontribu
ting, by word and deed, to h'ive acc{pted the
new order of afftits, will dcerve. well of their
Sta.te, if tey can so wi ouild public sentine.t,
that the same spirit thich le I to rebellion,four
years a9o nay iow bc: powerless to embar-.
ra-ss their communikies by. ..h wartirsg the de
sign of the governmet.
C6urts wifl seor e e tablished in every
district within this oi'nand, as directed. by
orders from Dep't. Head Qua:ters, where tes
timony of witiiesscs will be takrn without're
gard to color.
In tr'der to assist.this section of the State,
to the extent of -.hir povrei-, with a view of
more fully explaining to all, the planters and
freedmen,the nature of their'rights atd dutics,
the Brev't Bri~: Gen]. Config,.will des'.nate
tbree.or fourwplaces in each.district Qf whioh
public notice will be given, wherel he will
meet the inhahitant9, and save tiapv the
dcessity of a loni ride- to the Court
-House tow. of the Distr.ict. Planters, are
requested to irfora the freedm,en of. the
time and. object of the meeting, and en
courage them to be prcScnt, so their obliga
tions may. bo~explained; and misconception, as
to liberty. beyond the law, may be corrected.
The cFause .inserted in former contrcts
delegating the power to punish, is hereby. de
clared null and void: :
The laws Of this-State in regarid to the dis
tillation of liquors wUl be enforced. -Only
fruits in their season, anl not cereals, can be
distilled. The srde of iiquors 9'il be-' ~regula
ted as ygur State la s'. provide. Iereaftet
noe will be a-o,& except by permission of
commanding officerc of sub distri&ts.
By conimnd .of cet Brjg. Gen.
.C. 11. VAN WYCK.
HER.I IB. LOO)tIS,
1st Lt. & Adj't: 'f,th N. Y. V., A.D;C., and
Pro. Marshal.
Headquarters Department of.theSotb
HILTON UB , 'S. V., june 27, 1865.
GEsiNat Oxnr:us, -
With a view to es ' lish -nnd prererve gooc
order, settle dispnte-, -necnrige mlaltulI'ry , aau
pel obedience to law. and orders and educate: the
poor, the following rules and regnlatiots- are
hereby established, and will be put in \operRt-io11
throughout this Dep.-rtricut with as little-delay
Ws practicable:
1. District Command(rs "niil divide-their conm
mands- into- sub-dr<tricls of..snitable size, ch
.prising . one or more counties, parishes or
congressional dist"ict?. To oacirsub-district they
will assign a..commanuding oflicer, (with a suitable
timber oftroops) an Assistant Provost Marsh
ar* an Assistnut Provost Judge. A, permancl
Provost Guard. will be ptacec under the imme
diate,ord, rs of the As,istt nt Provost Marshal.
II. Within-each sub-district Supet1otrI'rovost
Courts, and Circuit Provost Courts, composed of
'not moo tha$ three members each-shall be
held at stated tinis .and places. . The- superior
and- circdit provot courts to-bave concurreTt
jurisdiction over all cases as hereinafte specified
that can le properly tried before theta.
I. The Superior Provost Court will habitually
hllod its sessions at sub-district head arters; -and
w.ill begeside~d over by the. A seistanxt Provg~st
IJudge, who may a%sociate with himn, one or two
respectable loyal 'citizens, giving thie preference
to local magistrates, other things being equaL
portant points-and at state'd 'times, within the~
snb-district, and shall be presided ove~r by one of
the members -of the Supet-ior Provost (ourt, de
signated by the sub-district commander for that
purpose. The-president- of the Circuit Provost
ICourt may associate wL,h hing one- or two loyal
citizens or magistrates.
V. The courts above named shall have power
to try all cases between citizens, and between
ci tiaens and soldiers, tnd-al. crimes anid all- viola
tions of military orders and the laws of the Udii
ted States which do not come within the jur-isdio
tion of a court martial, and to issue the usual
process for the attendance of witnesses,.and de
crees for the possession'of property, and for the
a paymnent of debts, damiages and -costs.. The de
crees will go only to the right of possession and
not of property.- They -may impose fines-not 4
seeding-one hundred dollars ($lnu,) anid imprison
not exceeding two months. OiTnces-by citizens
requiring a severe( puiiishmenit, will be tried b.y
a military commission' : They will appoin't Then
;clerk.s anid oti+er officeta,-andshall ikeep a record
ot'their proceeedings subject to the i-evision of
sub district- amt higher commande.rs, and wil
adopt rgies and forms of procedure, which shall
be a sibleas possible. Citizen . memb~ers of
courts may bc alewedl three dollars for each days.
attendance. The fees charged wsill ,be merely
sulceEto. pay all expenses -
VI. Appeals from' the Provost Courts will be
h ad to the sub-district .at d district commanders,
under such rzes.tnd on such terms as the district
commnanders may provide.
Vii. All parties to sets before"th,e Anperior or
Circiir'rovost CQurts maty emp!ov eouase:l. BTIn
all persons bringing suit or a pea -ing~ fi cunsel
before said courts, as well as the citizen membn1ers
of said coorts, wiTbhe reuired.to gire prodf that
they have takent the oath- of alktghtnee.
.VIII.-'It is the duty of t:he nmiiary authermesie
~throghout this'DPepartment, -when edIled upof
1to do so, to aid tihe assistant co~mmissione8rs and
n ~tsof- the "Bui-cau of Refugees, Freedmnen,
Abandoied Lan9i," in the. execution of
duisunder the laws of the United States and
the orders of the commesionetr rsf. s"2a bureau
issurd in accordance therewith; a"d, wh'en there
is no such' assistant coummieSIoner or egent. upof
the at, to take cognizance themiselves of all
violati ts of such laws and orders. All '.ss 01
such violation may be. tricl'before the eourts
hereinabove authorized. -
iX. All-cases properly coniing within the-jur,
i"isdiction of these courts will be brought o tri
promptly, and all utnecessary arvests of citizena
wili be avoided.
X. The existence of the courts herein.bove
authoriied, will ease whenever and wherever,
the functions of the 0fieers of the civil laws are
restored to operation- by pioper authority.
XI. District and-sub-distric -commanders are
directed to provide, henever practicabl?, for the
.ucation 9f the childrer.of the poor within their
conimands, and for that purpo.e they are author
ized to detail regimenta} chapiO.ius and non-coin
missioned officers and privates for teachers.
The education of the children of Refugees and
Freedmen Aill be relinquishct into the hands' of
the assistant 'eornmissioncrs and agentif. the
Froedmen's Bureau., wh !never they are in readi
ness to -take charge of the -same. By Command of.
. 1 .jo:-Generai Q. A. GILLMOR-E,
W. L. M. BrRGEn,
lFICIA.: Assi=taint Adjutant General. '
Ju'y-19
The Zoaaves and the Late Disturbanoe.
The Charleston Courier of the 18th inst. says'
The165 Beg. N..Y.Xo. (Duryea's Zor.-ives,)
Were, becauQe q[an-unbecoming if not mutinous
spir-it of insubordiunation, disitrmed and placed
under arrest. They -ptirticipated in a recent dis
turbance which Ied to This result: -
Gen: GilWore issued a i!remptory order wiich
was r.ead by Gen. fatch tg t.he Colonel- of the
Zouaves, and the colori 'demandod. Hd refused
to-give them up and was- arrested. The order
was then mado krown to the second of.c , and
a similar demand -mide, _ The gficer at nt1
gave a fat *fusa6 To this Gen. Hatch ezplained
to him the ceonseences of his refusal, and de
fined the difference- between disobedience.to or:
&rs, of whieli his. superior officer, the Colonel,
h,d been guilty, and mutiny, with which he; as
the subordinate, wou.ho ClMai -
The ofiger, after this explantion, proniised-to
Tdeliver the colorg. The guard was formed and
marchd to the oat, but upon reaching it were.
found to be in possessiQU of the staffe and rub
ber, but'no colors. The ruse did not succeed
On its discovery, Gen. Benett was ordered by
Gen. Hatch to tako .a detachment of the ~47th
Pensylvania Regiment and disarn the whole
Zouave Regiment. - Thc Reginent was marched
into Fort WagNer, the guns having been previ
ously- loaded with grape and canister, and traixied
on the paride ground. The parapetwas manned
by the 47th Pnus Ivania let Re f
orders were iwthe-case of any resistance tjhiri
1-on the mutirous rrbops.
Ti; Zonaves seeing all furtner opposition ne
leaq, gniet'y stacked their arms and m:rehed out
of the fot. "Theoflicers and men were marched
under guard, on board a steamer, which con
veyed them to Fort, Saunter, there to expiate,
under a broiling sun, the . crime of resistaneV to
constituted authority.
TuE OATI -oF OFFICE.-Uuder the Govern=
- ment of the United States, by an act of Congress
passed in 1862, no man can held oflice save be
take the folk>wing oath :
1, -L- , do -solemnly swear, (or affirm)
that I have never voluntarily borne arnis against
the United Sta'tes since I have been a citizen.
thereof i'tha-t I have voluntarily given no aid,
countenance, counsel or enccuragement to per
sons engsged in armed )tostility thereto ; that p,
have nbither -sought nor, accepted, nor attempted
to exercise the funtctions.of any office whatever,
under any authority'or pretended, authority, in
armed hos.tility to the United States; that I have
not yielded a volim tary support to auny pm etended
Government, auth'ority, power or constitution
within the - United St.ates, hostile or inimicable
thereto. And I do f-urther swear (or a4firm) that
to the bbst of my kuowledge and ability, I wilJ
support and de fend tlhe Constitution of the United
Smtes against all enemies, foreiga er dom-estiec;
that I will bear truie faith and allegiance~td the
same ;. that I take this ogligation freely,. withouk
ainy mental reservation or pui-pbse of evasion..
Solhelpnme(God. --- '
.Anil any person who shall~falisely take-the said
oahsafbe guilty ofpeijury, and o.convic
tion, in-addition to g aher penalties-now preseribed
for that offenei' shall be deprivd- of his office,
and rendered it-capable forever after of-holi"g.
in offie-oi' place under the .United States. .
A ppr'ored July 2 i82. - -
GasAT. F:ie is N. Y.--BA n'is Meszrx Dx
srrron.-A 4{isastrous conflagration ocurred'in
N. York oin the 13th inst. 'atrnum's museum wa-s
nearyf consumed, togeth w'b: jiunmber:. of
other buildings. Total loss esthJnatW,0,600l.
The Neir York Hferaldd*ofde, logether. with its
types and presses, reported as destroyed by the
fires is niot credited. Barnumn's losses are' yery
heasv and -wpli-nigh - iar-parable. -He .has re
cently enCcFunitered great expense n geparmg
for the gorgeous- spetacuihr pantoimaes of t-be
Green 3longter or the Wlfdt Knight and Giant
Warior. All the new and splendid seenerVg
costumaes, etc., were' destroyed. rfhe two hymng
niate u.haiis, captutred and brouight to NewYork
from th'e coast of -Labrador, an~d exhibited in a
m'ammoth' glass tank, were burnt. :A hiung
alli' tor, twenty, feet long his vast collection o'f
fish,-hails, flowers, et.o., were also burnt. His
many wax figure. liviig o:te.rs, -eals, mnenagerie
0f. livinag- animals. mnouster python, Ait'i a tho
saud'the~r c:arriositiEs wom eli swallowed up4
the devonrinag ele:nt. * The fat -wtnam,
mionta i o flesh,] waisaved with .nat, dilieiu?
tv 7efire is beiiegd to have occurred Iromn
e~hedy.1 espctimeura. -
I .;;sgMATE -A8.CAUTv or i .IEaLoC9' WIt . -A
telegram from Cfdieago, dated July 12, says:
A horrible tragedy - occurred on Dearborn-st.
vesterdaiy afternoon, in wh ch Mrs. Mathias Tre-.
h lune, wife di-a. respectable mnechanic,-attacked
Miss Amelia Beastet.-with a knife, cutting her in
the face and neck six times, destr-oying her 4eft
-ve, piercing her wi~nd pipe' and infletilig wounds
which will -probably ptove fital. The cauise of
the tragedy *s jea!6usy..- The husbaa n ng my
terionydisa.pi'ed,'
TI Fomiss Rornio, P1usbxrn&--C. C (ar
has been taken siet; lIis mo iment ii e i
dently telling on his health. e is sffering fr.om
no, particular di+ease, bnt is" laforing under
general physical prostration or debility.
Jeff. Davis is actirl1y becoming. iobtt ; he is
heavier now than on the da of -his captre.. .He -
is ever ready. to talk, though no answer is vouac
safed him. - He- bar reseted Dr. C ren, with
his elegant Mieerschaum 4 is-of the abei slim.
Tlii few officers wJo have., seen thfs,i, are ;i.u.
ecstaoies over it. The antber stem, pure; solid
amber, elicits' rhnpsbdica1 encomiums from the
military pipe connoisseurs, The tem alone is
said by those who -ought to know; educated pips
devotees, to be -worth fifty dears, lawful cur- "- 2
rency of tie United Stites. And tiz bo.l, tbe- - -
tuwbaned Zouave'shead,. fte .same autboritjea
pro~nouned beautifuIly. unique, 4hugh aot;sW
valuable as the stem, in a -greenback:point of
view. Albeit Jeff. has donatdbispio..he'.la
,not given up'emoking by any moans. !He.stipu
lated with Dr.'Craven, whea he prefnted- him
the-amber stemmed meerschaum, to givehiA
long, stemmed pipe in 'return.. TIhis the doctor
di-].
John Mitchell is gloomy and. morose He
do'es not'endeavgr to break the imposed . - -
Ue puffs in ,retioence, scowlis.eioely . e
guards, who, of couirse, never 1*e&k shw sile . -.
John is becoming isanthrop ical Dais does
no-t know of Mitchefl. imnpisanment.
SUMMEB IN AUSTRALIA.--The Auatraian lm
mer, which ig now cger, has been the warroest
on record. February 27, whiqh would aboit
correspond in paint of season with the same date
in gur August, 'has thia year earned the name of
'Black Monday," from -the fearful devastaton
caused by the heat. Throughout the eolony of -
Victoria' the thermuometer "stood .at 98 .to 106
degrees in tl%e shade, the atmosphere=is loaded -
with dust, and a hot wind -swept-over the land,
carrying destruetion with;it. Fires burst out
simultaneously- over hundreds of miles; forests
wertreduced to ashes, crops and ass destroyed
and houses burned. The dasmao is estimrated
between two-and three'hnsdred'thodsadPounds
sterling, 'without taking into accotnt'the-imber
consumed. The Victoria Parliament has: voted
?50,Q0 as a partial relief"Co the suffererse
. iThe Ne w York Worldl estiamates tb' totIlex
ceptions to the Presid+at's amnneaty p .it
at-from 200,00b todb,rft.men, divide as
owa:' rerhais sbo!e: the iank bf coidte;:.
raiders fromttaaa #01pises
3,50 ; vo ante c rebels w o rti
20; rebel navafies10 ; disoa ,*s.
to-reirigCogressmenTI9. od armfe il
eers, 136 persons- wo wat reated prioner; -
800 ; govrners of rebel. States, 19 ; Northern
men in rebel emploj, 400 ; soldiers in -ebel. ar
my from border S tes not seceded,. 50,000.; in
Northern prisons at ti e 'ourrent time, 28,000 ; " -
those who" have taken 'the oath and tm-ea it,
30,000. -
Nw DIscovERY.-It is Stated, as a new lis
covery, that weuderful. effeats may be obtained
by watering fruit trees.and vegetables with asol-;
wtion-sdilphat of irozw Under this systemi beanas
will.grow to nearly double the size, and acquis
a much more savory (asve. 'e pear seems to
be particularly well a4apted for this - treatment.
Old ngils thrown into water and lift to rest, will
impart to it all the necessary gsalitieafor fore
ing vegetation as described. -
Mr. -Morris, one day asked his lawyer how
an heiress might be caried off. Youanot do
it with safety, said th adviser; but I Wiit ten
yOU w-hat von may do. Lett her mount a
horse and fiold a bridle-w.hip; do-ybW then
mount behind her, and you are safe,.for she
runs away with you. The next31ay t'ao )aw- - 0
ye found that, it'was his own .daughter who.
'had run away witE-bis client., -.
-The Empress Eugenia, wifllit in said, appear at
tiue next- bell of titre Tuilleries in a es bE
manufacture; -a pattern of which was: seat by - .
Smaker at Lyonig and wilich has- bad iinmense
success. It is ma'de of S1I.and sitvvet the refiec
tion of which are so.splendid and the shades sa
soft that the- general aspect resemubles the.effect, - -.
of.the moon on the water oft a lake.
- An unsophitica'ted countg-yman1, the other.a,
condaig%o Washington. . Aw a agilitary - officer,
followed.at a respectable distance by two order.
rres, in full gallop. Wodgraidus"!" said he,
havent they caught him yet? I was in .atu
thretweeks ao, and they was a' ruin' after*
him then.*'
A Mi'ssouri paper*ys there is a young' lar
dv'in4Ienry Count , n tbat State, not yet
sixteen wrho is'this year cultivating sixteen
-cres of corn. She does. ai' .the neesr
work, including plowing. She- ba underta- - -
ken this- ejece of wor~k to obtain nioney w*ih
which to educate-herself.- -
Thie deaths-by the'w~ Nal'ees1tznaed at
haif a million in rount nuiakrs& rhaps
anothr hal a nuhorv bid jentL (hose
Carlyle says tiMi e~e itlcs a bloody~
conjugationi: 'I gill,thou~' ilest,he kills, we kill
you kill', tley b -.
lHe is hajwse eu utsta ces as 4 his
tempor, but be is muo happy 2.ocn suit
his temper to circorns~tanel.
Mrs. Kas of ~octh Carolina ga.iith to
d wins~ on the a)rvu e (Ya.) ear~s on jast Sasur
day. All .
. A yOCrtg 1.ay ;efuse tofi pa - picnic party
because there,as a a agit- bhshwhabk-'.- .
M iarie Aifte nett'a.work tabkle ad in Paf~
receptlfor tw eve.txou.en4 doU1ara.
Re.. .A. Bonfes has been app"o utedJa 6 e
Agent for tigs State an~d (rga:. -.
* -

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