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♦ + EARTH. ♦ ♦
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
tfach week, M
One year, If paid in advance !td.uu
ntered Nov. 6th, 1894, at tbe postolllce,
Ellensburg, Kittitas county, Washington,
as entitled to second-class postal rates.
Office south side of Fourth street, between
Pearl and Main streets, rear of (ieddis
ROBERTA. TURNER, EDITOR
To Cokukmondknts: We invite correspond
ence on any subject of interest to the general
public, and desire a reliable regular correspond
ent in every neighborhood or precinct in me
ttountv lii all cases tbe bona fide name of the
writer' must accompany tlie manuscript, not
necessarily [or publication,
Correspondence containing personal matter
must be signed by tlie writer and must to appear
iupriut. we nave enough to do fighting our
own battles without lighting yours.
U. S. BOND SYSTEM.
Senator Beck, in a speech deliv
ered in the United States Senate,
January 12. 1872, stated that the
bondholders had made out of the
people, since the first bonds were
issued in 1809, at which time the
bonds were made payable in coin,
over one thousand million dollars
The senator furnished the figures
for his statement and proved them
by the government record. Let us
see how it was done.
1862—During this year the gov
ernment sold bonds valued at $60,
982,450 for which it received, how
ever, only $44,030,740 in gold.
That is the 5.20 bonds were ex
changeable for greenbacks, and the
greenbacks we received were only
worth that much in gold to the gov
ernment. On this transaction the
speculators made a profit of $16,
951,801. Besides this, the bond
holder had also received in interest
from 1862 to 1874, when the sena
tor gave his figures, $11,187,188,
making a clear profit of $28,139,
989 the first year—a clear steal for
which they did not give one cent,
not even taxes, in return. When
you remember that you have had
and yet have to pay these bonds in
coin, the full amount of the sixty
millions, you will realize the full
enormity of the steal.
1863. —In this year the govern
ment sold bonds to the amount of
$160,987,550. The greenbacks we
received for them cost the specu
lators $101,890,854, for gold was
worth then $1.59, which gave them
a net profit of $50,096,686. Add
to this the interest we paid them
for eleven years, which was $35,
468,017, and they stole from us
that year $94,555,713, all of which
came out of the pockets of the
farmers, miners and producers, for
they alone create all wealth, and
must eventually pay all debts and
1864. —This year the govern
ment sold bonds valued at $381,
292,250, for which it received only
—as gold was worth $2.01 —$130,
697,636, or less than one half of
their face value. The money specu
lators made a profit of $181,994,
613. Add to this interest for ten
years, $114,956,768, and they took
from us that year $396,551,382.
1865. —During that year the
government —we, the thick-headed
people, betrayed by our representa
tives—sold bonds to the value of
$279,746,150, for which we received,
however, only $207,213,090. The
robbers retained for themselves,
$71,532,060. Adding the interest
for nine years, $48,627,307, and
they stole in 1865 $110,159,366.
While some of you were offering
your life's blood for your country,
these cormorants were robbing you
and your defenseless wife and
children. How do you like it?
1866 —This year we sold bonds
to the value of $124,915,400, for
which we received only $88,581,
773, giving the money sharks a net
profit of $36,322,627. Add to this
the interest for eight years, $17,
434,556, and they made out of us a
total of $53,557183. While you
are studying these figures, dear
reader, please continue to remem
ber that all this time, as fast as
the government received these
greenbacks it destroyed them, thus
contracting our money circulation,
taking tlie life-blood out of the nu- j
tion, and loading it down with an
interest-bearing debt. Did you do
it? Of course you did. Yon kept
on voting with your old parties,
both of which enacted the laws,
making this robbery possible.
18(38. —This year we sold bonds
valued at 1421,469,650, for which
the purchasers paid the govern
ment only $203,805,503, giving
them a profit of #118,254,047. Add
Add to this interest paid them for
seven years, #48,961,704, and that
year they stole a grand total of
$167,915,741, which amount you
and I have had to pay to these pa
triots (?) since.
1868 —This year the government
sold bonds valued at $525,443,800
for which it received, however,
only $812,626,326, leaving a profit
to the specula tors ol $118,617,497.
Add the interest for six years, $40,
542,287, and we gave away $15;?,
Besides the 5 per cent bonds, the
government sold during this time
Ii per cent bonds amounting to
$495,139,550, for which it received,
however, only $12:1,957,410, giving
away $72,182,140. Add to this the
interest paid them $26,115,724,
and they made out of the 6 per
The following recapitulation of
profits will show at a glance the
1862 $ 28,188,986
1867. ! 167,915,741
On 6 per cent bonds.. 98,398,864
In this connection permit me to
show you from the United States
treasurer's report of 1892 what we
have paid in interest on bonds
since 1862 and up to and includ
ing 1891: Total, $2,481,454,408.
This is interest on your money
which was destroyed. In addition
to this interest you have paid the
bondholders a clear profit of $678,
561,382, or a total of profits and
interest of $3,160,015,099.
If you can't decide what you
ought to do in politics, just look in
the interest of your wife and ba
A populist legislature made some
just and righteous laws, but re
mains for a republican supreme
court to declare them all uncon
Pay your taxes like men —it's
law and you are powerless to de
fend yourself—until such time
comes when we can get a supreme
court that is in sympathy with the
people. The high taxes will prove
a blessing to the people in the end,
and will be a boomarang to the re
publican supreme court.
We are a nation of law-abiding
people, and believe in living up to
all laws, but we are tired of seeing
all the way from $60,000 to $80,
000 paid out to legislators to make
laws only to have them declared
unconstitutional by a supreme
court, and the people are getting
tired of this business too.
We do any and all kinds of job
printing that we can, that is
brought to us, either by private
parties or by county officials, and
ask no questions about it. We
have never asked a county official
for a piece of work of any character
and all the work for county officials
that has come to us, came entirely
unsolicited on our part.
A REPRESENTATIVE elected to the
Ohio legislature, who is a republi
can, made his canvass on this ques
tion: "If Hanna is the friend of
labor, who in h—l or heaven is its
enemy?" Mark's friends in that
district cut his ticket in tatters and
shot him full of holes with their
ballots, but he won, and Hanna
has not answered the question yet.
Tmk Dawn office
when in need of job work.
The decision of tho sjpreme
court, composed of republicans
save one—Judge J. B. Ueevis —on
"The Deficiency Judgment Law,"
will add 10,000 votes to the popu
list state ticket this fall. The peo
ple must get in touch —elbow to el
bow — and crowd out the corpora
tions and their tools who sit on the
supreme bench. Down them with
your votes or they will choke you
with court made laws. Hit 'em as
hard as you can and as fast as pos
The Guilty Party Howls.
''Populist legislation reinforced
by the senseless practices of popu
list office holders has imposed griev
ous burdens on the small house*
holder and poorer classes." —P.-I.
What infamous lies some people
can tell. The republican supreme
court knocked out the exemption
clause that has heretofore kept
thousands of people in Washington
free from tax, because of their
property holdings not exceeding
$.'SOO. Besides it is no injustice to
a man or women to hear their just
proportion of taxation in support
of a well regulated government,
either county, state or national
provided that government is
ecomonically administered in the
interest of the masses, instead of
the classes. The decision of that
court on the exemption clause will
bury the republican party of Wash
ington so deep that it will not hear
Gabriel's horn when it toots for a
judgment day, and it will bury
the party face downward too, so
the harder it scratches the sooner
it will get home
To all those who wish to per
fect themselves in the stud}'
of music, 1 will for the next
three months offer special in
ducements. All those taking
two lessons a week on piano at
50 cents per lesson, will receive
one lesson each week in vocal
culture, voice building free of
charge. Mrs. C. Atcherson.
Room 20 Elmira Block.
The attendance at the literary
exercises last Friday evening was
larger than usual. Whatever the
explanation this is encouraging.
We trust that the citizens of El
lensburg will learn that the exer
cises are worth attending, and that
while they are encouraging the pu
pils by their presence, they are
also reaping some benefit them
selves. Roll call was responded to
by quotations after which the fol
lowing program was rendered:
Vocal solo - Miss F. Young
Recitation - Miss Flossy Abbott
Miss Mabel Coe
Piano duett - Miss Thorp
and Miss Lulu Scott.
Essay, "Mission of the Beautiful in
Education - Prof. Getz
Recitation - Miss C. Hiddleson
Violin Solo, - Prof. Stanley
School paper - Miss Olgo Davis
Vocal duett - Mrs. Hart
and Miss Claire Stevens.
Miss Rock, of Seattle, entered
school on Monday of this week.
She was here all of last year. She
has been teaching for the past 6
months and now returns to finish
her work and graduate at the end
of this year. We are always glad
Miss Irvin has returned to school
after an illness of some days.
Miss Lislernde is compelled to
leave us for a time on account of
some ailment. We especially re
gret this as she is a very faithful
Miss Thompson, Miss Sampson
and Miss Minnie Davies recited
choice extracts from Shakespeare
on Monday morning at opening ex
On Tuesday morning Miss
Stowell gave a talk on Joaquin
Miller, in which she told us some
thing of his writings, his peculiari
ties and his home.
Miss Farnsworth recited on Fri
day morning of last week.
Mrs. Hart was absent a part of
the week, and Miss Urines took her
I place at the piano.
LETTER TO TAXPAYERS
MAKES SOME TELLING
He that shows the High Taxes
Are Going to Pay our Debts
and Interest on the Same.
In my last article in speaking of
the assessment of the property of
| the Northern Pacific li. R. Com
pany, 1 said nothing about the N.
I*. Coal Company's shaft, about
which so much has been said, and
for which we have been so severely
criticised. From all the knowl
edge we could gather at the time of
the sitting of the Board of Equal
ization we believed that it would
involve tlie county in a big law
suit without gaining anything in
return. In the mean time, in order
to get mora light upon the subject
and to get some precedent to go by,
our County Auditor Mr. S. T.
.Sterling, has corresponded with
some seven or eight counties in the
east, three of the replies of which
are as follows:
COUNTY OF SCHUYLKILL.
Pottbvillb, Pa., March 2,1898.
s. T. Sterling, Esq.,
My Dear Sir:—Your letter of
February 23, to hand in reference
to assessing shaftß of mines. We
do not have same on our assess
ment records, hut have the surface
improvements assessed, such as
breakers* and other improvements.
The hole in the ground of itself is
hardly assessable, unless the shaft
you have reference to is worked,
you may assess it for what it is
worth to the proprietors in the
matter of revenue.
We assess a colliery, that is the
breaker and improvements at
mines; then the coal lands are as
sessed separate at from $50 to $250
per acre according to the richness
of the vein. First-class colliery is
assessed at $25,000 to $35,000.
Horace F. Reber,
* Breakers are heavy machinery for
breaking up tlie lumps of anthracite coai.
OK KICK OK THE
LA SALLE COUNTY.
Ottawa, Illinois, Feb. 19,1898.
S. T. Sterling, Esq.,
Dear Sir: —In reply to yours of
Feb. 15th, will say that in our
county, I do not understand that
the shaft itself is assessed, but the
coal and mining rights are assessed
separate from the surface.
F. A. Hatchway.
Scranton, Pa., Feb. 21,1888.
S. T. Sterling,
Auditor and Recorder,
Kittitas Co., Wash.
My Dear Sir: —In reply to your
letter of the 15th, inst., seeking in
formation as to the assessment of
coal shafts, would say that in Jthe
county we assess the breaker and
improvements. I cite you one as
sessment as an example: "sth
Ward, Scranton D. L & W. R. R.
Co., Hyde Park Mine. Breaker,
$25,000; Buildings, $1,000; 63
muler, @ $30, $2,520; Coal, $18
per foot; coal surface, $100 per
acre.'' This valuation is supposed
to represent a one half value, but
in fact is not one-third. Trusting
this will give you the information
desired, I remain,
E. E. Robothan, Acct. Clerk.
Two or three of the counties he
wrote to did not have coal shafts
within their limits. Westmore
land county he has not yet heard
from. Thus it will be seen that
in older settled communities where
mines have been in successful
operation for scores of years, those
in authority do not think a hole in
the ground assessable.
Now leaving the matter of the as
sessment of the shaft of the N. P.
Coal Company, we turn our atten
tion to the question some people
This space is reserved foj
STOWELL & STEINMd
are asking, viz: "To what pur
pose will the taxes be put that are
now being paid to the county
Under the provisions of the new
revenue law of 1898, outstanding
county indebtedness must be paid.
On the 30th day of June, 1897, or
the winding up of the fiscal year, our
county indebtednesswas $22,457.01
and in order to meet this a levy of
1 39-40 of a mill was laid—-7 mills
waß levied for county purposes; 2
mill for road and bridge; 2 mills
for bonded indebtedness and 1-40
of a mill for old soldiers' indigent
fund. Thus it will be seen that
nearly four mills of the levy is for
indebtedness and interest on in
To show the bad policy of run
ning in debt, the June 30th, 1890,
financial statement of our county,
shows that there were over $80,
000 of warrant indebtedness and
on these unpaid warrants $37,000
in interest had accrued. This
amount was added to the principal
and the second issue of $117,000 of
Kittitas county bonds were sold
and on these we are now paying 0
per cent, making compound inter
est on $37,000. Now I am fully
aware that many people in this
county are in favor of making a
low assessment and making a low
levy, and run in debt $10,000, $15,
000 or $30,000 as the case may be
a year and then bond the county,
thus placing future generations in
financial slavery to pay the debts
their fathers contracted.
How long may I ask if we now
have a levy of 2 mills for interest
on bonds, how long would we have
to continue in this policy, till the
tax on the debt itself would be
ruinous? Let me ask the advo
cates of that policy what would be
our financial straits when the prin
cipal would become due. The bene
fit already derived from the high
taxes of 1897 is apparent. I need
to point to the fact only that at
the beginning of 1897 no general
county warrants were issued, and
many persons sold their claims
against the county at from 50 cents
to 60 cents on the dollar. Since
that time the county warrants
have been steadily rising in value.
From February Ist, 1898, all war
rants under the new revenue law
are cash, and all the old warrants
issued under the old revenue law
and before February, 1898, will
probably be called and cashed be
fore Nov. Ist, 1898. Thus it will
be seen if a man act as a juryman
or as a witness or does anything
for the county instead of getting 50
cents on the dollar, he gets 100
cents on the dollar; so that the
very men who are now paying high
taxes will get them back often
times in cash warrants.
Again it is very plain to every
man in the county that if we pay
off the back outstanding indebted
ness outside of bond indebtedness
this year that the levy of two mills
will not have to be made for the
year 1899 and the school levy and
road levies may not be so high and
consequently the taxes for 1899
must be necessarily light.
The above is lespectfully sub
mitted to all candid men, irre
spective of party affiliations.
J. M. Newman,
Crayon portraits $1.50 Agents
charge $1.98 Pautzke's Art Studio.
YVesß Thomas and wife returned from
the sound Tuesday, where they have
been spending the winter with relatives
One Minute Cough Cure cures vuickly. That's
what you want—Stephens & Elwood.
A perfect substitute for electricity, ab
solutely non-explosive and oil saver—
Tbe Angle Lamp. tf.
To Care Constipation Forever.
Take Cascarets Cundy Cathartic. 10c or 25c.
If C. C. C. (ail to cure, drugging refund money.
Fair view Items
Sunshine, which dawng (J
and BO bright, %
(lives Fairvicw a twinkle hi
all the night. ' "
On tlie morning of
4th there was horn to the hi
of J. A. MoiKihiin, ;! b ab "|
John should l.c very proud to*
such a bright fellow come toi
on inauguration day. fj
Several hundred head of J'
have been hriven from this (J,
to the Columbia river w--
Quite a number have bfttoik
cultivate the soil in the viciais-
We are very glad to learn-r,
"Old (Ireen Horn" is not dead,*
that he is still in peace, whidnf
supposed was pressed by W
Brush Bill." however, we til
"Old Green Horn" for the col
Mr. .). A. Monahan is fl
sonic better, Imt is not yet abkl
walk in the sunshine,the wayl
would love to see him. B
School closed last Wednejj
The scholars and teacher will
a three weeks vacation, whenCL
Thomas will resume his usual?;
ties. While the attendance 9
been rather small the past mow
up to this date, pupils have wt
coming in again. We hopedl
after vacation the usual muM
will be enrolled and an enthusK
effort will lead the pupils tool
ceive the need of a practical edtj|
Mr. Harrison Houser has reiffi
his farm to James Huss and aj|
contemplates on moving to rap
lower part of the valley to wK
charge of his father's ranch.
Mr. S. T. Cox Ua> been compos;..-
ing of a swelling on his nl
Some would call it a carbtutiM
but we rather suspect it is an vm
dose of chicken legs and wings, si
ceived at the basket supper.
The girls are still
Sam and Bill did not bid on tht'-s
Mr. Dennis and Bob CisceiO]*■
a few days ago for Wenatchee ]km
Their outfits were much like thofc
of the Klondikers.
Hank Schnebly's family anil
proving very rapidly. The meui;
les can not escape us this trip, W
during the tine weather we do ■
Deafness Can not Re Cored.
By local applications as they caunot rut
tbe diseased portion of the ear. theni..
only one way to cure deafhess, aodtktti
by constitutional remedies. DeafneMi/;
caused by an inflamed condition of thill
dm lining of the Eustachian Tube. Wte
tins lube is intlamed you have a rOjH
sound oi imperfect bearing, andwhsnitt
entirely closed, deafness is the result,**",;
unless the inllamation can be taken outMU,
this tube restored to its norniul condition
bearing will be destroyed forever, nine cms
out of ten arc caused by Catarrh, whlcii>
nothing hut an inflamed condition of ttt-J
We will give One Hundred Dollars t»,
any ease of deafness (eausen by catarml
that cannot be cured by Hall's Cataro
Send for circulars; free.
F, J. CHENEY it CO., Toled»,o,
Sold by druggists, T6o.
Hall's Family Pills arc the best. j
Public School News.
Banner rooms this week are Nos.
1 and 7.
Report for tlie week ending
March 4th, 1 SDN: Total no. en
rolle.-l, 439;av. no. belonging,433.4;
ay. daily attendance. 121, cases
The following was the rhetorical
program Wednesday morning:
Events, Anna Sandor,Uoy Weaver. '
Papers, Ethel Pearson. Abe Krei'l
del, Glenn Fettcrman; Henry Da-i
viscourt. Recitations. Ann;. Meyers,
Fred .Sander, Katie Hoffman.
The following program was ren
dered last Friday evening by the
Concordian literary society:
Essay, Magazines, Flora Flemming
Rec. "From Muneey's .Maga
zine," - Bright ltennett
Reproduction, M Clure's .Maga
zine, - Anna Mueller
Rec. "Current Liteerature,"
Story, "Harper's Magazine,"'
- Mai.el Carscaden
Rec. "Ladies' Home Journal,"
Story, "Scr'ibner's Magazine,"
Society Paper, - Roy Weaver