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Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIAN ADVOCATE.
White girls are also received at the school, but are taught
in separate classes from the Indian children.
Father Caruana began his labors among the Goeur d'Alene
Indians in 1862. Of the Indians then inhabiting the North
west, this tribe was noted as being the most treacherous and
cruel. Their territory had never been invaded by a white
man, except one or two missionaries of the Society of Jesus
and a few agents of the Hudson Bay Company. On account
of the ferocity of the Coeur d' A lines the latter feared to es
tablish permanent agencies, as they had done with the Flat
heads, Kalispells and other peaceably disposed tribes. But
from den-ie ignor.iiice they have been brought to a degree of
enlightment and honesty. Well tilled fields, sleek horses
and barns and money in banlc are possessed by many of the
industrious, while the moral and mental condition of the tribe
has vastly improved. Says Father Caruana:
"When 1 arrived among these Indians they were in a state
of degrad uion bordoring on the brute creation. The Chris
tian religion, combined with patient treatment and continual
instruction, has brought tnem to a high degree of civilization
and rescued them from the darkness of polygamy aud super
stition, with their train of vices, which formerly reigned su
preme among them.
Previous to the advent of Jesuit Fathers cruelty and treachery
were the best known characteristics of this people.They did rot
even dare to trust each other, but neighboring camps of the
same tribe were in constant fear of surprise and deception
perhaps of robbery and massacre.
''The change which has been wrought since then has been
truly wonderful, aid cm only be explained by the theory that
it was caused by the grace of God working in their hearts.
"An incident may illustrate this point. At the breaking
out of the Nez Perce war Chief Joseph sent a deputation of
several warriors 10 meet the Coeur d'Alenes, and persuade
them to join the Nez Perces- in wir again ts the whites. Chief
Seltice acted as spokesman for the Coeur d'Alenes, and said: