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SJ.fi THE GREATEST BARGAIN
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DESCRIPTION Relactnrl nnmnrl crrniwfli Mnlrnr
wheels and Roamt Norway iron clips and boltej inch azlo
double collars, fall lenuth body loons, lonn hnilr. nnr width
Solid spring bellows back, with Idoal spring cross bur (spring cushions
furnished in place of cross bar if preferred) trlmmod In dark green, tan o
maroon leather, cloth or plush. All wool toD lining, leathor quarters and
b nek stars, curved top joints (seo cut), completo with fitorrn apron, side cur.
tains, boot and full longth carpot. Nickel dash rail, hand rail and lazy back
rail. Bfnd for Hie Frca OAtalniri.o of Vcklelrannil tfamoaaln na1r. A
buggy factory selling dlroct must pay all of their expenses, salaries, etc., out of a few thousand buggies. Our
expenses nre ail paid out of our agricultural implement factory. A. buggy factory would starre to death on the
fry. writo us oeioro ouving. xnooniy,
small profit wo get on a bug
J.,1.P.ll?J,??rJactor5r In tho world selling direct to
UU. BOX 323. ALTON. ILL.,
quired 1,875,000,000 insects for each
Again estimating the number of in
sects required to fill a bushel at 120,
000, it would take 15,625 bushels of in
sects to feed our birds for a single
day, or. 937,500 bushels for GO days or
2,343,750 bushels for 150 days. These
estimates are very low when we take
into consideration the numbers of in
sects that various of our birds have
been known to destroy in a single day.
For example, the stomachs of four
chickadees contained 1,028 eggs of
cankerworms. Four others contained
about 600 eggs and 105 mature females
of the same insect. The stomach of a
singlo quail contained, 101 potato
beetles; and that of another upwards
of 500 chinch-bugs. A yellow-billed
cuckoo shoe at 6 o'clock in the morn
ing contained forty-three tent cater
pillars. A robin had eaten 175 larvae
of Bibio, which feed on the roots of
Birds like all other animals feed
upon that food which is most readily
obtained, hence the insectivorous
kinds destroy those insects which are
most numerous the injurious species.
Estimating that there is a single
grasshopper, katydid or cricket to each
square yard of surface, it would re
quire at least 650,000 bushels of these
Insects to cover the state. Not taking
into account any of the myriads of
other insect forms nor the rapid rate
of Reproduction Which is going on
among them, these alone would be
nearly one-third enough insect food
for our birds during the year. This
being true it is plain that at least twice
as many birds could find the proper
insect food in our state each year.
A perusal of the various works that
have been written on the economic re
lations of birds to man will support
the statement that, if we were de
prived of the services of birds, the
earth would soon become uninhabit
able. In addition to the actual good that
birds do as recorded above in the de
struction of noxious insects, many of
them are engaged for at least one-half
of the year in hunting out and devour
ing the seeds of various weeds and
other, 'to us, useless plants. Such is
the mission of the various sparrows,
snowbirds, finches, and long-spurs
which often occupy our fields in flocks
of thousands during the winter
If, after ascertaining such truths as
the above regarding birds, we con
tinue to slaughter them, it is not due
to thoughtlessness on our part. We
do it wilfully and maliciously. The
schoolboy may thoughtlessly rpb a
bird's nest or kill a bird or two. It Is
the duty of teacher and parent alike to
teach him better, to show him how
wrong it is to destroy life uselessly. It
Is especially their duty to prevent the
destruction of birds- If each school
boy in the state of Nebraska were to
rob a nest of say five bird's eggs, what
would be the result? Yet the making
of bird-egg collections is getting to be
such a "fad" that almost every boy
enters into it more or less zealously
at soino time or other. Some single
collectors in a singlo season take 500
or more eggs. This should be stopped.
We can study birds and their nests
without destroying either. A live bird
is more interesting than a dead one.
An egg left in a nest where it will in
due time become a live creature, is of
' more interest than an empty egg-shell.
We, as .citizens of the United States,
pride ourselves on being highly civil
ized and humane. We are in some di
rections, in others not. We also claim
to be intensely practical and business
like in everything. Are we? Prof.
Lawrence Bruner, in Nebraska Uni
England's New Loan.
You do not like public debts handled
in this way? But it is the only true
way. The loans so lightly "raised by
the market," subscribed by financiers
and peddled out to investors, mean
mortgages on tho nation's labor, that
and seldom aught besides. Already
our South African campaigns have
added 127,000,000 to our national debt.
Before all is over the addition Is like
ly to exceed 200,000,000. As it stands,
the increase at an all-rounu 3 per cent
means 3,800,000 per annum added to
the interest charges which the work
ers of the nation must every year spare.
Put the net burden at 3,750,000 only,
and leave out of account the 4,000,000
or so of capital we as a people have
undertaken to pay back over and
abovo what we receive upon this latest
addition to the mortgages our masters
have placed upon our muscles and
brains, and it means that to this ex
tent the poor will bo made poorer,
less able to life up their heads and
cry "We are free." Assume that ten
millions of the inhabitants of these
Islands are engaged in earning their
daily bread, and that the average earn
ings of these people is 52 per annum,
or 1 per week, the interest on this
debt takes seventy-five million shil
lings from their earnings every year,
or more than l14d. per worker per
week. Still, a trifle by itself you say;
but straws are mere trifles until the
back breaks. Moreover, the average
earnings of the people who work in
this country, in all probability, do not
come to 35 per annum.
From this point of view, the busi
ness of debt manufacture without a
people's knowledge in great degree
without its consent is unlovely
enough, often a loathsome fraud; and
there must come a great revolt against
the practice some day either that or
a world-wide debt repudiation. Pity
it is that before debts are incurred
above all before wars that breed debts
are entered upon nations cannot be
appealed to direct, every adult in them,
on the question at issue: "If you ap
prove of this war please say 'Yes,'
and add the amount you are prepared
to contribute towards the cost."
"Tho borrowing of this money will
add so much to your taxation so please
signify your assent and your readiness
to submit to an addition of 2d., 6d.,
Is., as the case may be, to your income-tax
in order to meet the in
creased debt charges." On a system
like this wo should have no wars and
precious little room for the "great
financiers," otherwise world's wealth
Ours is tho happy go-hang-care
method, purely selfish, and absolutely
fatal in the end to a nation's freedom
and true greatness. So long as each
added load can be In a great meas
ure flung off our sho.ulders we care
nought for tho country's future, and
less if possible for the effects of the
policy of enthrallment upon the gen
erations of the lowly, with whom nev
ertheless the fate of the nation, its
debts, and its "brilliant" or other
financiers rests, Investors Review
Labor Union Benefits.
Tho benefits derived from labor or
ganizations are not always confined to
prospective increase in wages, short
ening of hours and betterment of con
ditions of employment. Thero are
other advantages, at least in some of
tho unions. The cigarmakers' inter
national union is an example. Tho
financial report, just published in its
official journal, shows that during 1900
tho union paid out In benefits to its
members tho sum of $410,705.20. In
twenty-one years, sinco the system of
benefits has been in operation, tho
cigarmakers' union has paid out near
ly $5,000,000. This is exclusive of tho
cost of running tho organization.
That the union is in a healthy con
dition is shown by the fact that over
$1,000,000 passed through the hands
of its officers last year, and the treas
ury was better off by ovor $22,000 at
the end of the year than at the end of
1899. This speaks well for the wisdom
of the cigarmakers in the conduct of
their organization. Their benefit sys
tem is maintained by high dues, the
members paying to the union 30 cents
a week, which is nearly as much as
tho monthly dues of some of the or
ganizations. Tho benefits are as follows; Sick
benefit, $5 per week; strike benefit,
$5 per week; out-of-work benefit, $3
per week; death benefit, $50, $200,
$350 and $550, according to tho length
of membership; loan benefit, not to ex
ceed $20, and wife or widowed mother
funeral benefit, $40. With Aha excep
tion of the amalgamated society of en
gineers arid the amalgamated cdclety
of carpenters and joiners, the cigar
makers' union stands alone in these
benefit features. But all three of these
organizations have found that it payjs
to have high dues and lots of benefits,
for the members are not solikely to
desert in time of trouble and depres
sion. Other labor organizations might
profit by the example set by tho cigar
makers. Some of thera have been agi
tating the high dues system for sev
eral years, but nothing has come of it,
A Gentleman in Waiting, a story of
New York society, by Cornelius V. V.
Sewell; published by the Grafton
Press, New York.
In Oudemon, reminiscences of an un
known people, by an occasional trav
eller, edited by Henry S. Drayton;
published by. tho Grafton Press, New
"Thou Beside Me Singing," and other
poems, by George F. Viett; published
by P. W. Ziegler & Co., Philadelphia.
The Crime of Christendom, or the
Eastern Question from its origin to the
present time, by Daniel S. Gregory;
published by the Abbey Press, 114 5th
ave., New York.
A now store building. New
goods. Residonco on 6
acros of land, nil in fruit.
and bearing. Writo for particulars if you
mean business. E. S. RICE,
UJAUTCnReliablomenor women to sell our
IB nil l LUtfoods to the consumer In communi
ties from 1, (XX) to 10,000 population; permanent
employment 'at good pay. Ad. THE GREAT
EASTERN COFFEE & TEA CO., 301 8. 10th St.,
St. Louis, Mo.
Lauren Drake Sz Co.
Stocks and Bonds bought and sold. New En
torprisos financed and underwritten. Kcnrran
izations and Consolidations financed. Oilicos,"
Nevr York, DoBton, London, Paris.
420 Walnut. Street, PHILADELPHIA.
RANIER GRAND HOTEL.
European Plan. Rntos $1.00 and upward. 225
rooms. 75 rooms with bath. Finest Cafo in tho
northwost, noted for tho peculiar excellence of
RANIER GRAND HOTEL CO.
II. B. Dunbar, Prosidont and Manager
PURVIS & CO.,
L. A. RUSSELL-LAWYER, CLEVELAND, O.'
TRENHAM tho PRINTER. Aloxnndria, Minn.
TREES SUCCEED WHERE
Latest Nursery. OTHERS FAIL.'
Pnitt took Frtt. Result of 7 years' experience
STABS BROS.. Louisiana. Mo. ;Dansville,K.Y.
Fiction. Folly and Sophistry In politics; or
Representation in Congress without power to
control rptonuo bills or anything olso. Singlo
copy by mail 10c, or throo to ono address Sic.
Published and sold t,v Fiction nud Folly Pub.
Co, CO Calhoun St. Fort Wayno, Ind.
Salesmen Wanted For full lino of fruit and or
namental treos, rososotc. Now specialties. Best
of terms tooithor experienced mon or beginners.
Lawronco Nursery Company, Lawronce, Kan.
If you went to buy or Mil rnlnlnr
MINES AND MINING-HSrSfrS
The light of the World
Our Savior In Art
Cart nearly 1100,000 to produce. ConUlni neuly 100 ruU-p4f enjmlnp
of our Hark nl HI Mother by the world' freatoit pilatcr. Trueeople
of tin grealnt Uutrrpfece la Ux art Gallerle of Europe. Zttrf picture I
a beautiful a a lunriMj orrr the hilltop, Contain delerlptloa of tho
ralnUncJ, Mojrapby of thep-ilntm, the nan and location of the pllcrlej
In Europe where the orfelnU mty be awn. Abo contain Child' drpirt
mrat. Including Child" Story of the ChrUl and HI, Mother, beautifully
written, to fit each picture. Tbt wonderful book, oaUMc In It parity tad
beauty, appeali to aTrry mother" heart Md Is ercry Cbrlitlan bono where
there art rblldrcn the book lell Jtjelf. ClirlatUa men and women arermk
Jnj money rapidly taking order. A CbrietUn man orwemumn In thl
community xm mak tl f Uklnj order. MrJ.WalU, oar afrnt In Kaa
choietU bae aold orr 13,000 worth of book In a rrrythort tiro. Urt. Beckett,
our ajtat In X ew Tort, ha told orrr 1 ,600 worth of book la a rerr ttort time.
TIm book I printed on vclret-flolihcd piper, beautifully bound In
Carllnal lied and Geld, and adorned with Golden Rsee ail
Ulfei. It 1, without doubt the matt beautiful book of thl era.
tury. Write for trmu quickly and get the minifement of that territory.
Too CM work on aalary or eommltfton, and wbtn you pror your tucces wo
will promote you to the poiltlooof Mauj'f an) Correspondent, a a prmn.
nent (alary, to derot your time to attending to agent and the eorrnpov
drnce. Wasted alw a Bute Manaer to bare eharf of oSe in Laadlox City
of the State anJmiaig all the bullae of the State. Send for term.
Ada.TIIE UltlTISH-AMKBIOAN CO.
Orrotrr Vmo BriTM Taiitcar,-
"! .'" UMT'Vir
will pull a stump 7
feet across ana is
guaranteed to stand a
strain of 250,000 lbs.
For catalogue and
discounts of first ma.
xji, chine, address Won-
lasr An, n f J n m - m Tl T -m
Aaun uiunuKK MVlt,
Co., Lone Tree, Iowa,
A 10 page weekly newspaper. Motto: "Lot tho Na
tion own tho Trusts."
Hottest Paper Out.
Regular price, Fifty cents per year.
10 cents lor three months' trial subscription.
Send postal for free sample to
H.GAYLORD WILTSHIRE, Editor.
Los Angeles, Cal.