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Adopted by Germans
Tlio follolwlng was carried by tho
Borlin, Friday, August 15. Tho
now Gorman constitution which was
passed by tho national assembly aftor
months of dobato and which become
offoctivo this week, is divided Into
two main parts tho "composition
and tios of tho empire" and "the
basic rights and basic duties of Ger
mans". Tho first part consists of
sovon sections and tho second-,of five.
Tho sub-uivisions of tho flfst part
nro: Tho ompiro and individual
states; tho reichstag; tho imperial
president; imperial government; im
perial council; imperial legislation
and imperial administration of jus
tice. Those of the second part: In
dividual community of life; religion
and religious sociotios; education and
' schools and romanic life. Tiro con
i eluding part of tho constitution bears
j tho title: "Transition Relations."
j Tho preamble to the constitution
j begins as follows:
j "Tho German people, united in its
, branchos and inspired by tho will to
ronow and strengthen its empire in
1 freodom and justice, to further inner
, and outer peace and social advance,
has voted this constitution."
Section one declares the German
ompiro is a republican state, sover
eignty being based in the people. It
describes tho territorial limits of the
ompiro, establishes tho Imperial
colors as being black, rod and gold,
and states that the generally recog-
nizod rules of international law will
bo hold as binding on tho empire. The
ompiro will have exclusive legislative
rights govorning foreign affairsr col-,
onies, citizenship, immigration, de
fonso, ospionage, customs, posts, tele
graphs and long distance telephones,
repopulation, motherhood, children,
youth, health, labor, insurance, pro
tection to laborers and employes, con
fiscation, caro of wounded soldiers
and their relatives, socialization of
national resources, economic under
takings, manufacture, distribution,
price fixing, economic production,
Hrado weights and moasures, tho is
suance of paper money, food, luxury,
articles of industry, mines, insurance,
the mercantile marine, control of
lake and coast, fisheries, railroad,
automobile, traffic, transportation by
land, water and air, road construc
tion and theaters.
Individual states will have legis
lative rights but the imperial law will
supercede those of individual states.
Bach state must have a liberal con
stitution with a legislature elected by
general, equal and secret ballot by
an uormans, men and women.
The constitution lays down rules,
for altering the empire territorially,
providing that plebiscites shall be
held In districts affected.
The reichstag supercedes the tem
porary national assembly. It will be
elected for a term of four years. Tlib
president will be chosen by tho en
tire Gorman' people instead of by the
assembly and will hold office for a
term of seven years. Ho will rep-
, resent tho empire under international
Jaw, will, make treaties and accredit
diplomats. Declarations of war or
pqaco must be proclaimed by tlie im
perial reichstag. The prosident, as
commander of the defense forces of
the empire, can employ armed forces
for quelling disturbances, or may
send them against states which do
not fulfill their duties, but in doing
1 'BOJaiust notify the reichstag, which
is given the power of veto. The pres
ident's orders must be countersjgneci
by a chancellor or tho Imperial min
ister, whose department is affected
:Ho has tho right to pardon ' crim
inals, but tho granting of amnesty
must bo voted by the reichstag.
Tho chancellor will occupy a posi
tion analogous to that of vice-president.
He and the rest of the min
istry will be appointed by tho presi
dent. Tho chancellor will determine
tho omniro's foreien nolicy. bear re
sponsibility for the cabinet and in
caso of a tio vote in tho ministry will
have tho deciding ballot. Tho reichs
tae is civon tho richt to imneach the
president, chancellor and ministers.
Charges upon which impeachment
proceedings are based must bear, tho
names of 100 members of tho reichs
tag beforo the cause can be brought
before tho court.
The imperial council will bo com
posed of representatives of individual
states which will have at least one
vote apiece. Tho votes of the larger
states will be based on population.
No state can have more than two-
fifths of tho total number of votes
in the council. Half of Prussia's votes
must come from provincial adminis
trations. Imperial legislation cannot
be introduced in tho reichstag with
out tho consent of the council, unless
the government ventures to introduce
bills which tho reichstag knows to be
disapproved by the council.
JX DPI VI IVI .-r- ts.
.. . ...... w -jrgb.
EBERT IS CHEERED AS HE IS
Weimar, August 21 .'Associated
Press). Friedrich, Ebert took the
oath as Imperial President at tho
National Theatre today. A" large
crowd had gathorod in the niiar ho.
fore the theatre, whore. a guard of
nonor was drawn 'up with thcr Land-jaeg'er-Band
Herr Ebert arrived in an aut.n-
moblle at 5 O'clock in thfi n.ftornnmi
and .was received nt. lh rr.n
BEHIND KEEN SUCCESSFUL
1 "MEN .AND WOMEN
When you think of tho successful mmi .,
women you' know people who are doing thinm
...m imiiiu ,ruu- vjui iuiu niac inoy possess
luitut vim hiiu energy
tho JcJnd that simply brim
ovoi when tho blood is filled
with iron. Nutated Iron by
enriching the blood and
creating new red blood cells,
strengthens tho nerves, re
builds tho weakened tissues
and helps to instill renewed
forco and energy into the
whole system. Three million
people use it annually as a
tonic, strength and blood-builder.
MAKE THIS TEST
See how long you can work or lmw fn. ,..
walk without becoming tired; next take two five-
bi-uiu lauiets or iNuxatett iron three times per day
after meals for two weeks. Then test your strength
again and see how much von Imvo fn!nn,i at,.,.
bers of nervous, run-down people who were ailing
7, t . vw moHt astnismngiy increased
their strength and endurano.fi aimniv i oi,j
iron in the proper form. . . B
for the whole and the placing of one's
self in tho empire's service. Every
contradiction between tho whole and
the individual states vanishes there.
"The essence of our constitution
Shall ILhnvn n.11 ho frnnrlnm. ln.i- oil
trance of tho theatre hv t.hn vt freedom must hnv if a inw tmiIc. -.r
presldont and secretaries, who con-1 have now established. We will joint
ducted him to where Konstantinjly hold on to it. It will -give us
Fohrenbach, president of tho national! strength to testify for tho new vital
assembly, was awaitiner him. v Thinrincinle of the Onrmnn nation fQ
- . a. - w mm,v HWWSfc i.XlVJ
dom and right."
President Ebert's address evoked
loud applause. Herr Fehrenbach
then addressed the assembly as follows:
"Farewell, Weimar! Our principle,
iasK nere was the constitution and
inauguration of comprehensive legis
lation. Tho assembly's task was to
build out of a heap of ruins a new
edifice, the key to which is now in
the poople's hands an edfiice that
offers to all parts ' of the nation
modest but habitable quarters, and
over which files the flag of freedom
and social justice. It is now for the
German people to manifest its will to
live by the preservation of- peace and
order andby. unwearied lntbor, loyally
holding together in-'the rievviy created
state. In the hands of the people lies
our fate. We believe in .the German
; ' , ,
- 7! : ' ' i ' .. . -
Long live our beloved Gorman peo
nle'" The crowd broke into deafening
cheers, and the band played "Deutsch
land ueber Alles", which the people
organ played as Herr Fehrenbach led
mo president to the centre of the
flower-bedecked hall, where the pres
ident's tribune is situated. rh mom.
bers of the imperial council and as
sembly rose to welcome Herr Ebert,
but the places reserved, for the Ger
man, national and indGnmiflAnf annlal.
ists were empty.
tiorr Fehrenbach handed the pres
ident tho document containing the
oath, the formula. p which Herr
Ebert recited with a firm voice. Herr
Fehrenbach then said to tho presi
dent: "You came from the people, and
therefore you will ever be a faittiful
friend to the working people, vt6
whom you have devoted your Jife
j. V, VrV vm U18 ever e a shield
to the Fatherland, which you have
done your best tn row nn,i s:"
sake of which you have made a ter
iibleand most painful sacrifice 1.
nig that of four sons, you sent to tho
colors two have not returned. It is
a thorny office which In the hardest
times the Fatherland had laid upon
your shoulders, but with an easy con
science you can claim to be free from
all blame or responsibility in the
country's wretched position!
"You sought to attain progress inri
freedom solely by peacefudevelon
ment, but with defeat the die w s
cast regarding the old state form Ind
the dynasty. Even those who nre
serve their love for the old nsUtn
tions recognize that fact, n i" il11?
reneatfld 4. nnnlnnani1
greeted the snoeoh of 4TTnrr 'PAhrm,' '
bach, who, after having been thanked;
ji cua manner in which he had
directed the business of the. assembly,
cried: "Long live our German nation-!
Long live our beloved Father
land!" The assembly took up and re
peated his words with enthusiasm.
President Ebert. nponmnnnin i,
Herr Fehrenbach, the vice-presidents,
ministers, and deputies, went to the
balcony of the theatre and addressed
the crowd. He said:
"A people eaual ami wm, .00i
rights that is what tnrtav imii
and to work ami Z T"" -t" .p tii rZ . i "" - luy suau
rohtt.fi, i x "" mo wuy to tlie y "vji" "" uormans. j. now re-
rebirth of tho beloved Fatherland." "ew before you my oath of fealty to
uie people and the pe.ople's rights,
Let us stand together iiir people's
hard struggle for, life, tfoin me in a
vow oMhisndissoluble fifflty, bo that
t?Q from thQ Wotte of im-:
perishable . . deeds it ; "may ring
throughout the German Fatherland!
President Ebert in renlv Rn,M.-
"This must romnfn t ' ,
sire to rebuild the Fatherfand-dee'n
love for tho homeland and the tK
OUt Of wlilnli nnl, f ?. "J .l :UQ trM0
to.thls must.be .loined SelTaboJ
THE NEXT CAMPAIGN
BRYAN! It is already clear that
the next presidential campaign, which
win Degln about a year from now,
will be complicated by two questions,
woman suffrage and prohibition. The
power of tho woman voter has al
ready been felt in various states. One
of the most earnest advocates of pro.
hibltion in recent years is W. J.
Bryan, who has the distinction of
having vainly run for tho presidency
three times, is Mr. Bryan preparing
now to run again with prohibition as
the chief plank of his platform!
With this issue ho would nrove a
formidable vote-getter oven as a
third-party candidate. Unquestion
ably President Wilsnn lias weakened
himself with a considerable olement
by his recommendation to congress
that war nrohibition . bo "repealed.
Numerous church gatherings have re
gistered the'ir protos's, and Mr,
Bryan's guarded criticism of the
president is specially severe. "On
diplomatic matters," says Mr. Bryan,
"w mnir (loonma'llin Prnsfdnnt knOWS
.niore than fthe; people, but on the
Xinestion of the 'saloon a moiuerwuu
a, drunken son 'knows moro than he
floes." It is .not too early to predict
literesting. times when this issue
enters the presidential campaign.
BRYAN STOCK TOPS MARKET
An. Omaha, Nebr., dispatch, dated
Aug. 30, says: "Brother" Cflanes".
Bryan of Lincoln had a loaa tn 6'
weight Hampshires on Thursday
market that sold among the excep
tionally high figures for the W,
$18.75. They were well flnttjej
liogs, G6 heads in all, and avera0ea
& 3?yaSn is' given tho dbttoctg
of Roving, the ret hogs that ejerJ
onLthiB market for $20.
Ipr 10,18.. Theywere aiso ngj
fcis own raj3"C and "1
7Bi of -SentenTber, last year.-
i1. . . Mti&sikwei'-