Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. 19, ko. 9
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racy to, tho world without laying itself open tcy
ttf&dfotgo ofjiwonsistoncy. ' ".'
"Botii tho' wago earners and tho farmers havo
reason to appreciate the offort made by the
democratic party to compel wealth to bear its
fair share of the burdens of the war and both
wago earners and farmers are vitally Interested
in tlio establishment of tho League of Nations
ad ft mean's of preventing future wars, a policy
fdr which tho democratic party stands almost
-Tho laboring men are giving unanimous sup
port to the League of Nations j they realize that
thti cost of War, both in men and in money, must
bo borne, largely by those who toil. Can they be
indifferent td the service which the democratic
party has rendered and' is rendering to the cause
of universal peace? ' "
To bring tho -survey of the democratic record
down to tho present moment, -the democratic ad
ministration Is riow defying the wrath of tho
profiteers and earnestly attempting to lower tho
cost of living, at tho same time doing its be'st
td1 r&iso tho income of wage earners and farmers
tdmoet such 'increase as was unavoidable, With
thitf record fresh in mind, how could any rep
resentative of labor declare the democratic party
a'"political bankrupt" or question its desire or
ability to servo tho masses Surely it has been
faithful td tho people, if measured by its attitude '
on i tho questions in which thoplain people have
a special Interest.
Is1 some riow test to bo applied? If boj why not.
wait until tho party has an opportunity to speak?
If any new question has arisen, so important as
to overshadow the achievements of the past, tho
voters of the democratic party should have a
chance to sit in judgment on the issue before
the organization is condemned.
The most important of the new issuos is the
otfo involving gqvernment ownership. Js hot,,
tho democratic party on record, agafnst private
iriorfopdly? In 1900 it declared that "a private '
mtfrtopoly is indefensible' and intolerable", afcd '
it1' lias continued 6 reiterate this fundamental
pfliiclpl'e; in Subsequent platforihs". Can a labor
paVty go farther? L ' '. u ". ', ; '.
'The railroa'd emplbyoos liaY'oVes.eted'V'plan
for government ownership' of alt 'the Railroads "
and for tho operation of thtj railroads by a cor
poration in which the employees have one-third
control. The plan is a hew one ahd is now under
consideration. Is it fair to mako thO acceptance'
or rejection of this plan by democratic senators
and members of congross, olected before the plan
was presented, the test of the party's loyalty r to
tho people's interests'? That is not tho course of
procedure in a country like ours. Any individual
or group of individuals has a' right to propose
measuros or policies of government, 'but progress
comes through discussion ' and comparison 'iff'
views, usually through compromise as to do"
tail. Tho wago earners are thoughtful -mom and'
they havo their own opinion. Efavo they all 'cOii-"'
sidored tho proposed plan and reached the con
clusion that IT and IT ONLY can" safeguard the
welfare of tho wage earners? This is not a gpv
ernment by class but a government in which, the
majority rules, and that majority speakd
through constitutional forms, forms that may
be changed by tho people in a constitutional way.1
Evert though tho laboring men havo considered
the proposed plan and reached art agreement
upon it, is it not fair that tho other classes shall
havo a chance to study a plan and reach a con
clusion? The democratic party, while it has been
a loyal champion of the interests of tho wago
earners has been just as loyal a champion of the
interests of the farmers and. of tho business men
of tho country. Its maxim has been, "equal
rights to all and special privileges to nono" and
this policy conserves "the interests of a largo
majority of tho American people. Tha only peo
pq offended by this policy aro those who seek
special .privileges and favors.
If.thp railroad plan proposed by the laboring
mqn,. involved only the expenditure, of some
twenty billions of dollars, it would require time ,
for Jits careful consideration, but it involves other
tftlns. more vital than money. It Involves pos
sible.. changes both .fundamental and vastly im-.
pqi'tant, t . ,
Is. it not worth while to consider whether the
TraHroada,- should not bo operated as well as
ownqd by, tho government? This would not pre
von,f. representation of the employees on the t
managing board. And would it ,not be worth
wjtfle..-10. consider whether the benoflts of cov
ornment .ownership cannot bo secured withnnt '
thp ; concentration of authority .involved in the ;
!' naonaltion of all tho railroads? M '
It government ownership is advocated, ltmust
Whenr National Prohibition
Goes Into Effect-
be advocated on the theory that the people can
do best that which they nest 'understand. If this
theory is correct, then the states being nearer
to the people than the federal government can
bo trusted with the government ownership and
operation of railroads as safely as the federal
government can, AT LEAST as safely. Is it
not worth while to consider the advisability, of
separating tho railroad question so as to give
the federal government ownership and operation
of a trunk line system reaching into every state,
and yet reserve to the soveral states the owner
ship and operation of tho other railroads within
their borders? This plan contemplates govern
ment ownership, but ownership of trunk lino
system by the federal government and of local
lines by the various states.
Suppose the democratic party, already com- v
mitted to government ownership -as against
private monopoly, .should meet the crisis by pro
posing government ownership according to this
dual plan, would the wage earners feel justified
in Insisting upon nationalization of all the rail
roads? Do they put moro emphasiB upon NA
TIONALIZATION than upon GOVERNMENT
And even if thO laboring men do reject in ad
vance the. idea .of tlnal government ownership, is
it .fair to organize a' hew patty before the
democrats have a chance to accept or reject the
nationalization of all the railroads, and before,
the laboring men have a chance to consider .the
The organization of a. .new party is not only,
a difficult matter but It involves certain dangers.
If the new party draws out oJC tho4old parties the
men In favor of government ownership, 'it will
not only weaken the reform element in tho oid,
parties but it will weaken MOST the party which
contains ithe largest percentage of reformers. If
tho new party fails to become the leading party
it- injures its chance of securing reform, by
lessening the chance of reform through the old
parties. la jt wise to take, thfc risk without giv
ing tho old parties a chance to act upon the
Within a year the old .parties will lhold their
conventions. If the advocates of gqvernment
ownership remain in the old parties they may
be able to control onof of -theni or even both.
Would it nqt, be better to .commit the iwo old
parties to .government ownership and thus make
its success sure? If either party takes, a position
satisfactory to the lapqring men they can, by
concentration of their Strength, insure a victory
to that party and to their cause, As a balance
of power they may be invincible. -Is it certain
that they can win as an independent pary?
As a matter of justice, the democratic party
deserves a trial before it is discarded. As a mat
ter of policy tfje wage earners may well consider
whether they can advance their, caust, more
rapidly within the old parties than by separation
from them.- It;-it not worth while to -await tho
action of the old parties before deciding whether
a now party is necessary?
, W. J. BRYAN.
A NEW DANIEL
On another page will be found a press dis-r
patch from Mexico sotting forth a protest sent
to Carranza by Governor Alvarado of Yucatan
It contains moro good, sound sense than any
other Mexican, leader has been credited with for
some time. Possibly the Manoof theHour, has
WnMf.m'.m l.miXimM m. Ml.
i lufuui-uuH'is riere
- Prohibition Is here arid everyone should u
happy democrats most of all. a S b
ought to be even happier than a rcpu?)
first, because a democrat's- capacity for T?!'
greater than that of a republican; second u
cause the democrat's appetite has been wLEi"
by the fact that ho has not had as mu hi Z
to eft joy, "and hunger is the best $?
third, the Bible gives another reason, namely
that there Is more joy over one lost sheen that
is found than over the ninety and nine that m
not astray. , 3
On this subject our party has been the "inf
sheep"; it went astray but it is back in tho fold
now and -we are happy, it was a democratic
senate and house that made the District of
Columbia dry; It was a democratic senate and
house that submitted national prohibition the
first eight states to ratify were democratic states
and more than half of the forty-five states that
have now ratified gave their electoral vote to
the last democratic candidate for President. Is
not that a good record?
The republicans, of course, did as well as they
could, they gave to prohibition as largo a per
centage of their votes in the senate and house
as , the democrats did and that makes the case.
stronger. It is better to have it unanimous than
to have it a victory for either party. It is a
triumph of tho nation's conscience; this makes
sure that the tide will not turn back and aids
us jn (our fight for world prohibition.
W. J JlKIAfl.
'' JUST REMEMBER THIS
, Walker D, Hines, director general of tho rail
roads, addressing tho order of railway con
ductors, at St. Louis last May, said.
'-"There has beOn a strong disposition on the
part of many elements of the public to say at
once that the deficit (the government promised
to. pay the railroads a Tental of nine hundred
millions,, a iyear and the net income lacked two
hundred "millions, of boingjsufilcient) was due to
the factv of, government control. The fact, how
ever, is.th$t it was due to WAR CONDITIONS
and tnot ,tq the fact of government control."
-And yet the railroad press will continue to
talk about the "failure of government ownership".
' r A QQOD BEGINNING
i On another page will be found a digest of tho
new German constitution and the speeches of
President Fehrenbach of the national assembly
and. President Bbert of the republic.
The three documents the constitution and
the two speeches are an auspicious beginning.
The German . government is now in the hands
of the German people, and the citizens of this,
the greatest of republics, should extend a cordial
welcome to this latest "sister, republic" and bid
her Godspeedr May she live long and prosper,
giving as she prospers new proof of the wisdom
ofc the doctrine j:hat governments derive "their
just powers from the consent of the govorned.
- If the treaty plan is "The Heart of tho League
ofeNations" and the "First 'Stop in the Pyramid
of?the -Leagne'sUtnot worth while to apply we
principle todOmeStio disputes between capita'
atuTlabor? Wiry Mot INVESTIGATE all disputes
before a strike each reserving the right w
actoindepeiidently after the' investigation? we
need peace at home as weir a's between nations.
at last appeared.
Jt-r 'jlaT ).
'' I'JUti m w
Great Britain;- Germany) and fttaly have, given
suffrage to wpmen. now manyimoro natjons-are
we going tq allow to get ahead of. w in- doinr
,f.vw U MI VMIWM !-
THE VATICAN FOR DEMOCRACY
The endorsement recently given democracy
the head of the Catholic church is tooth a sig
. of the times and an aid to the spread of aemw.
racy. It is a recognition of the progress mw
by popular government and a call to tiic J
bers of the largest . branch of the c,1"s"
church. Democracy grows. And the a
tion given to the education of "the proletary
naturally follows. When the people rule '
must.be educated hat is one virtue orjopj
goyAmmenti; "itiitiea society together ana iu
each Qlass -feejisra jtaterestdnj every otnor.
Holiness. -baenWrteredr a. al 'service y
clarion appeal for democracy and. wnlversai
catpn, ; and diehnrpp.erjly addaia word in Jv
co-operation betweeji all classes. BRYAN.
Jufcft; Tw , rtJ