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f1i0 FsnDeiV Leader
SCOFFS AT DK. COOK
MUUUlt PICKS FLAWS IX EX.
nOBBR NO, l'S STORY,
-V v. Sfcfr
mm Ttano Seeker After Pole Honors
MM Up Work of Both Travelers
Ml Fotaite Oat Whet He Terms
In Brooklyn MM)'I Talc
Walter Wellman, whose prepara
tions for a conquest of the north pole
in an airship was abandoned upon the
announcement of the claims of Dr.
Wedarick A. Cook and Commandei
Robert X. Pea IT. Issued In Washington
Sunday night a long statement in
which he analysed the narrative* of
the two explorers, declaring that of
Peary .''precise, workmanlike, consist
ent and credible In every particular,"
and denouncing that of Dr. Cook as a
self-evident and even deliberate lm
"Cook's story Is suspicious, both In
/what he does tell and what it does not
'tell," Mr. Wellman declares.
"He la generally vague and indefi
nite but, like most men of his class,
altogether too precise at the wrong
place. Nowhere does his story ring
•true. It la always an approximation
of reality Itself. This Is true of his flgr
wrea, his descriptions of everything.
"Those of us who have had a share
In arctic work and who have felt anx
iety that no blot of fraud should stain
the proud record of effort and sacrifice
feed a first hope that Dr. Cook would
he able to demonstrate his good faith.
Vhto hae been dissolved in the analy
Wle sf his own story.
"A second hope—that he was the
victim of so4n» hallucination or mental
Illness and himself believed he had
'keen to the pole, though of course he
has not, vanishes In the light of ear-
Her and subsequent events. There re
states, though one says it with keen
set/ regret, only the wretched alterna
'i* tire that the journey which he did
t.ike and the report which he gave of
ft were deliberately planned from the
-The gist of Mr. Wellman's finding
ti that with his meager party and
o*ulpment Dr. Cook could not possibly
iwve accomplished the feat for which
IM claims credit that his astronomical
4, 4ata are too minutely and precisely
S made, under the climatic conditions
fa the field, and that the explorer's
ff ilAah for the lecture platform and his
"Acceptance ef "crowns of flowers
placed upon his head by Innocent
erewBii and children" before submit
ting his field records to scientific ex
all conspire to his discredit
MAX IS LOCATED.
Reported to Be Among
They tMnd Dr. Frederick A. Cook
that la, an authoritative statement was
iMMft hy hie brother, W. Cook, say
iBC that the explorer, who mysterious
ly dropped from public view Saturday,
was still In the vicinity of New Tork
seevperatlngi He was on the verge of
a aerrous breakdown and his retire
ment was absolutely necessary.
The statement as Issued by Mr.
"Dr. Cook Is In the vicinity of Nfew
Tork. trying to get a much needed rest
be deeUee te go to Europe there
will be aa secrecy concerning his de
parture. I thlnk that hie friends and
orftlea alike should be charitable
vie allow him to rest until his
iMaltk ls fulty restored. He has not
keen reading the newspapers In the
last few days and hr not responsible for
the ftatement* that have been Issued
ttieee whe are acting as his spokes-
"In aendlng his data to Copenhagen,
,Or. Cook has fulfilled his obligations
•u./U tfte paMle."
The foregoing was Issued by the
explorer's brother In view of the fact
sp'thtt' the•' doctor's apparent seclusion
gg caasaedgreat anxiety among hie
jplrfttead*, leaving even John R. Bradley,
fe Ma financial backer, pussled and exas
p-jwaMA Mn. Cook Is also In New
bat her exact whereabouts, at
la' her husband's case, has not been
HSlSgz- jlniute Army Officer,
ff'l^tAhvtl(dtVld«al, believed to be Insane
''aadr havtng an Imaginary grievance
the war department, shot and
ty wounded Qen. Verand, of the
lor aa International show,
are under consideration for
hi of a great international ex-
rMMHsa 'at The Hague In 191S In ce|e-
U» Slock Market.
•Marday's ouotaUons on the Sloux
•tdtqr'tnra.sMCk market follow: Beeves,
hon tt. to.
tlaay Um la
In coal Is believed to have
.rfas» *ff an explotion Sun
"iK'Uaf furnaces of the
kpapdal tn Chicago in which
partentv nureee, and doe*
i. i|l)H«llua were Imperiled.
aad forty hoi
when the Blue
stall at tansas Clty. Mo.,
Fear Persons Meet Death OS Tilla
A life saving boat which had on
board several passengers from the
steamer Argo, which struck, Tillamook
bar late Friday, was overturned on
Baribaldl beach and two children, an
unidentified woman and a member of
the life saving crew were drowned.
Mls$ Agnes Hunter, daughter of
George Hunter, and Mrs. W. C. King,
of Tillamook, were rescued.
A high wind and heavy sea drove
the Argo out of the narrow channel as
the steamer was attempting to cross
into Tillamook bay and she struck the
bay proper. Distress signals were dis
played and the Carlbaldi beach life
saving crew put out in a boat to the
In to the boat wore taken Mrs. W.
C. King, Nellie and Agnes Hunter, of
Tillamook, and a woman who has not
The boat upset In water not suffi
ciently deep for it to right Itself. The
two Hunter children, the unidentified
woman and Henry Wickfram, of the
crew, were pinned underneath. Capt.
Farley and other members of the crew
escaped. Fat-ley got Agnes Hunter
clear, but the others were swept out to
DEATH RIDES IN BAHXJON.
Two Daring Gorman Aacronauts Arc
Dr. Brenchmann and Hugo Francke,
the two most daring members of the
Aero club of Berlin, have boon killed
through the collapse of their balloon
"Kolmaar." Their bodies were found
Friday near Flume, Austria-Hungary.
Nearby was their balloon, a huge rent
in the envelope telling the story of
Brenckmann had been the third per
son to insure his life with the newly
formed company which takes air nav
igation risks. He was connected with
the Charity hospital of Berlin.
Francke was an architect. Their aerial
exploits in the past have attracted
much attention and no little alarm on
the part of intimate friends.
They ascended on Monday from
Schmargendorf, a suburb of Berlin.
The point at which the bodies were
found is oh the northern edge of the
gulf of Quarenero, at the northeast ex
tremity of the Adriatic sea and in an
almost direct line south E00 miles from
BANKER ALLEV PLEADS GUILTY.
Big Embezzler Receives a Ten-Year
Phil Allen, Jr., former vice president
it the First National bank at Mineral
Pelnt, Wis., appeared Friday before
the United States district court and
pleaded guilty to four out of twenty
six counts in the Indictment against
him and was sentenced to ten years In
the federal prison at Fort Leaven
worth, Kan. Allen was charged with
embeizling $168,000 from the Mineral
Allen, who is In his 63d year, has
been in Jail for several weeks, having
pleaded not guilty at La Crosse to the
Indictment rendered against him by
the grand Jury in that city, and has
been unable to furnish $50,000 bail.
He came Into court Friday morning
quite unexpectedly and with bowed
head and in an almost lpaudlble voice
pleaded guilty. «,
Buying Vp Independents.
Attorney General Major, of Missouri,
has received complaints from various
parts ef the state that the Bell tele
phone Interests are purchasing the
oontrel of many Independent compa
nies In Missouri. Friday night he said
such purchases are violations of the
state's anti-trust laws.
After Milk Combine.
Attorney General O'Malley an
Seuncced Friday that he had appoint
ed Jehn B. Coleman, of New Tork
City, to Investigate the charges in
regard te the existence of a combi
nation to control or advance the prices
of milk in greater New Tork.
Cuban Envoy, to Mexico
The nomination of Manuelo Garcia
JCohly as Cuban minister to Mexico
was copiflrpaed Friday by the Cuban
!'•'7' Throne Approves Sessions. |§§1
The sessions of the recently con
Itltuted provincial assemblies in China,
on being brought to a close Thursday,
received the approval of the throne
based upon government reports of the
progress made In opening of the two
years' constitutional program. An im
perial edict urged all government of
ficials te co-eperate with the throne
at the present critical moment for the
purpose of realizing the success of the
Referred to Canada.
The Invitation from the United
States f»r Great Britain to participate
la an International conference' was
with a view te regulating the killing
of seals tn the international waters of
Norttr America, and has been referred
through the colonial office to Canada,
as tt is considered that the Dominion
Is more Interested In this question than
is the mother, country.
/•«1 Kerens to Vienna.
Richard C. Kerens,-of Missouri, ac
cording to a report current in Wash
ton. D. C., probably will be appointed
ambassador to Vienna upon the assem
blage of congress on December I.
Was Veteran of Two Wars.
Samuel p\ (tertett, a retired mer
chant and a veteran 6t the Mexican
aad civil wars, died at the home of his
daughter la St. Joseph Mo., Friday.
Aa expedition to explore Crockett's
land, the territory discovered by Com
ssaader Pe^ry in his dash to the north
polo, wUl slait next July, according to
ProC. Donald McMcMlllan, who
(MM of *ke Peary party.
HAVING BOAT UPSETS. REVOLT KI'HEADS OCT
Situation In NUurajnm IH tJrouina
Oroce anil Cannon, the two Ameri
cans executed by urder of I'li'slili nt
Zelayu. of Nicaragua, last wo k, held
commissions in the insurgent army,
according to private advices received
In Washington Thursday night from
Blueflelds, where the revolutionist gov
ernment is located. This dispatch
stated that the state department of
the United States ,had been notified
to this effect.
The Htate department has been anx
ious to clear up the point whether the
two men held commissions or were
merely acting in their individual ca
pacities, for in the former event they
would have been entitled to treatment
as prisoners of war.
Groce and Cannon were volunteers in
the revolutionary army. This Infor
mation came Thursday to Salvator
Chrlstlllo, the representative of the
revolutionists in Washington. Th» ca
"Groce, ex-superintendent of the
Laluz and Los Angeles Mining com
pany, and Cannon, a most esteemed
person, were serving as volunteers with
the rank of colonels In the revolution
ary army, arxl consequently did not
deserve the penalty of death, among
other powerful persons, because they
were not military personages in the
actual service of Zelaya. A similar
crime of Zelaya has never been wit
nessed In the history of Central
The revolution In Nicaragua is
spreading. In the opinion of Capt.
Shipley, commander of the United
States cruiser Des Moines, which ia
off the east coast of Nicaragua. The
revolutionary forces are reported to
be maintaining an effective blockade
and are patrollng oft Greyton with two
gunboats. Assurancq was given that
American and foreign Interests are be
PLEASED WITH THE CAN AL.
Congressional Committee Coming
Home from Ins|ectloii Tour.
The American congressional appro
priation committee, which has been
inspecting the Panama canal, arrived
at Havana Thursday morning from
Members of the committee said they
were pleased with the progress of the
canal and believed the channel would
bo open for traffic in advance of the
estimated date. Senator Coe I. Craw
ford, of South Dakota, said all the
members of the committee were Im
pressed with the splendid work of Col
Goethals,, chairman of the canal com
mission and chief engineer of the
work. They were convinced, he said
of the desirability of the passage of the
bill designed to reduce the number ol
canal commissioners and simplify the
administration, which would give Col.
Goethals a freer hand. It is also prob
able that the committee will recom
mend a reduction of from $8,000 to
$10,000 tn the estimate of the canal
FIVE LOSE LIVES IN LAKE.
Gasoline Explosion on a Boat Causes
Five persofia v.-ere drowned in Mus
kegon lake in Michigan Thursday af
ternoon when the pleasure launch Ol
ga, carrying a party of nine young
people, capsized as a result of a. panic
following a gasoline explosion. Four
of those who lost their lives were
members of one family.
The party started out to attend a
wedding on the north side of the lake
and decided to take a short cruise
before going to the festivities. They
circled the lake and were within 150
feet of the north landing when the
gasoline exploded. The girls became
panic stricken and all rushed to thf
stern of the boat, capsizing it.
NEW NAVAL ORDER.
Midshipmen Win nave Use of Battle
ship for Future Practice.
For the first time In the history of
the United States naval academy mid
shipmen will have the use next sum
mer of three battleships for their an
nual practice cruise. Acting Secre
tary WlnthroR of the navy depart
ment Friday (assigned the Iowa, the
Indiana and the Massachusetts for this
service. The use of the battleships
in place of much smaller craft usu
ally assigned to the midshipmen will
enable the officers to take an extended
trip. Mediterranean ports will prob
ably be visited in the next cruise,
which will take place in the three
months following graduating exercise*
London Wool Auction
The offerings of the wool auction
sales in London Thursday amounted to
13,685 bales. There was a brisk de
mand and animated bidding for the
large supply of merinos. Americans
bought a few lots of medium and also
Philadelphia Ball Team Sold.
The Philadelphia National league
baseball club was sold Friday to a
syndicate of which Charles W. Mur
phy. of the Chicago National league
club, la a member.
Stock Exchange in San Joan.
The stock exchange and produce ex
change, the dm institution of its kind
In Porto Rico, was inaugurated at San
Juan Thursday. Gov. Colton made an
address to tne members.
Heavy loos of life is feared as tho
result of an explosion Thursday in a
coal mine at Onoura, Eukuoka prov
ince, Japan. Fifteen men are known
to have perished, while 228 miners are
entombed in the workings.
Mardercd HCr re
lima Bell, of Auburn, Cal., was ac
quitted of the murder of Joe Armes,
her lover. The Jury was out but a
short time. Tho girl was accused of
shooting Arm«i on the night of June
Dr. J. Holt, a Philips, Men den
tM, was ahet aad killed Wednesday by
his aophoir who mistook him for a
door. This Is the second fitsHty e(
tMs mad sear Philips wlthla Utres
SIOUX FALLS ORATORS CHOSEN.
Two Acccpt Invitations to Deliver Elk
Two Sioux Falls speakers have ac
cepted invitations to deliver addresses
elsewhere on the occasion of the an
nual memorial services of the Elks
lodge, to be held throughout the coun
try on the first Sunday in December.
Charles M. Day, editor of the Sioux
Falls Daily Argus Leader, will deliver
the memorial address at Estherville,
la., while C. P. Bates, a prominent
Sioux Falls attorney and a leading Elk,
has consented to deliver the memo
rial address at Aberdeen. Hundreds
of Elks will gather at the various cen
tral points in the state to attend the
annual memorial services.
Now Paper for Ravinla.
Leroy Beemer, a competent newspa
per man of Charles Mix county, is to
be the editor of a new weekly newspa
per, which is to be established by
Frank Strohbehm, a buslr.ess man of
the county, at Ravinla, a new town
which has come into existence on the
Milwaukee railway about midway be
tween the towns of Lake Andes and
Wagner. The paper will be named the
Lake Front Booster.
SOUTH DAKOTA STATE NEWS
News of the Week
in Concise Form
7$ 7$ 7$ 7$ 7$ 7$ 7^
ENGINE ltUNS "WILD."
Cars in Aberdeen Yards Scattered
A runaway engine of the heavy mo
gul type ran amuck down the Milwau
kee railroad yards at Aberdeen, scat
tering loaded freight cars right and
left as It passed along for a distance
of four blocks. The engine had been
taken out of the roundhouse, when tho
engineer saw a large stock train rap
Indly rounding a curve. Seeing a col
lision was Inevitable, the engineer and
firemen Jumped, after reversing the
engine. The two big engines then
raced through the yards, crashing into
freight cars, until they finally struck
a crossing, four blocks from where the
trouble started and were stopped. Tho
damage amounted to several hundred
dollars, as the contents of three of
the cars were scattered over the
yards, and as many more cars badly
damaged, while the engines themselves
were put out of commission until ex
tensive repairs are made.
NEW cmjKcii on WAGNEH.
Catholics Will Erect One of Finest
Buildings lit State.
The Catholics of Wagner, one of the
prosperous towns of Charles Mix coun
ty, have decided to erect what will
without doubt be one of the finest
church buildings In that part of the
state. Tho new edifice will cost about
$20,000, and will be erected on ground
which now belongs to the Wagner
Catholic society. The new church will
be erected in proximity to the present
church structure, which has become
entirely too small for the constantly
growing membership. The movement
for the erection of the new edifice is
being pushed by Kev. Father Kelley,
who has been in charge of tho Wagner
church for a period of about four
TERM ENDS AT ABERDEEN.
Federal Court to Open in Sioux Falls
The United States officials, who
have Just returned to their headquar
ters at Sioux Falls after holding at Ab
erdeen a term of federal court which
lasted more than two weeks, will have
only a few days' respite when they
have to take up the work of preparing
for another term of United States
court, which will convene in Sioux
Falls on December 7. This will be the
postponed October term, it having
been continued from that time until
December owing to the fact that vari
ous federal officials were busy during
October in connection with the regis
tration for lands in the Cheyenne Riv
er and Standing Rock reservations.
"Tag Day" at Aberdeen.
"Tag day" in Aberdeen recently was
a pronounced success. From early
morning until late at night the women
of the city walked the streets, selling
tags to every passerby, the receipts to
be used for the benoflt of the child
ren's home at Sioux Falls. The total
receipts have not yet been compiled,
but they will run somewhere between
$1,200 and $1,500.
Ends Life with Noose..'.
A young man named George Barnes,
aged 21, who it Is known has relatives
at George la., and who is believed to
have formerly been a resident.of that
place, committed suicide by hanging
at Chester, a small town on the South
Dakota Central railroad north of Sioux
Yankton Elks' Minstrel Show.
Yankton Elks gave a good minstrel
show Tuesday night for the benefit of
the new Elks temple, being planned to
be built next March. The best local
talent was secured for the affair.
a W el an
The Le Beau Gas company has been
reorganized and will soon advertise for
bids for the drilling of a six-inch well
and for a quantity of supplies, includ
ing a complete plant
Officer Loses His Star."
Mayor Hitchcock, of Mitchell, exer
cised his prerogative in unmaking po
licemen as well as making them when
he asked for the star of Robert J. Fo
ran for conduct unbecoming an of
Not to Be Prosecuted.
^"'•Albert Bell, alleged' affinity chaser,
who was taken back to Deadwood
from Aberdeen at the Instance of his
wife, who 'charged desertion, win not
be prosecuted. Tho other woman la
tho oaas has left UM ceaatry.
7$ 7$ 7$
BERKSFOltD 1-THK MYSTERY.
State Mursliul Craft Will Make Investi
Frank A. Craft, state fire marshal
for South Dakota, has been asked to
make a searching Investigation of the
recent disastrous fire at Beresford,
which destroyed what Is known as tho
Stephen corner, including four busi
ness places, entailing a loss of $15,000,
upon which there was insurance to the
amount of $6,800.
That the flro was of Incendiary ori
gin has been the firm belief of D. Ste
phen, owner of the destroyed structure,
and others, and this belief has been
strengthened by developments since
the fir* sind the suspicious notions of
the party who is supposed to know
how the fire originated. The suspected
party has been closely watched since
the fire, and it is expected an arrest
will be made at almost any time.
The fire broke out at 4 o'clock in
the morning, and with such persistence
that Its spread could not bu stayed by
the fire department with three strong
stroums of water.
At the time of the fire and since that
time Mr. Stephen has insisted that it
was of incendiary origin, he declaring
that ho heard the "firebug" go down
the back stairs of the building after
tho fire had been started. It being
very dark at the time. Stephen was
unable to discover the identity of the
A big sensation is looked for when
the state fire marshal concludes his
investigation, as it is expected suffi
cient evidence will be secured to war
rant an arrest being made in the case
on the chargc of arson.
HUNTERS PAY OVER $10,000.
Plenty of Money to
When the law was passed at the ls.st
legislative session creating the office
of state game warden, with a salary
dependent upon the collections from
game licenses, and this was followed
by a law absolutely protecting grouse
and prairie chicken for five years, it
was predicted that the license fees re
ceived would not pay the salary of the
game warden, let alone any other ex
penses of the department. Warden
Bancroft took his chances on that and
began to look after the enforcement
of the law. The returns so far received
by the state treasurer, with reports
from practically all the counties, show
collections for the year amounting to
$10,193. This fund has been largely
collected from resident hunters, as the
cutting out of chicken shooting for five
years kept most non-resident hunters
out of the state. While the probabili
ties are that there was more or less
"stubble duck" shooting, reports would
indicate that the law was fairly well
observed, and that its working has
been generally satisfactory to the
hunters of the state wfio have accepted
it as one for the benefit of preserva
tion of the game of the state.
BIG DITCH IS COMPLETED.
Will Drain a Large Tract of Land in
The biggest drainaga proposition in
the central part of the state was com
pleted when the last gap of excavating
was finished on Long lake, located in
the southern part of Sanborn county.
When the dredger finished its work the
dam at the top of the bluffs was re
moved and a great body of water was
open to run into the Jim river. There
are several lateral ditches running in
to Long lake, which drains an im
mense amount of country. For tho
past four years thousands of acres of
land have been under water. It is
thought that the coming season will
see a good portion of the land under
plow once more. The lake territory
has been utilized for duck hunting ter
ritory for three years, and it has been
a popular rendezvous for hunters. The
ditch is four miles long, from five to
sixteen feet deep and from twenty to
fifty feet wide in places. The work
was accomplished at a cost of $18,000.
Falls Into a Creek.
Eddie Primrose, of Lead, a 9-year
old boy, while coasting on lower Main
street Sunday morning fell from the
sidewalk on which he was sliding to
the bottom of Gold Run creek, strik
ing on his head on rocky bottom. His
skull was crushed and after lingering
for three hours he died. ..c-
Huron Attorney Dead.
Attorney Henry C. Hinckley, of Hu
ron, died suddenly Sunday morning
aged about 60. He was one of the
most prominent memb^h of the tSate
Bar association. He resided In Huron
twenty-five years and. represented this
district In the state senate and held va
rious positions of trust. ,'t
Ramona to Light Up.
Titamona, situated north of Sioux
Falls, is the latest South Dakota town
to arrange for the installing of an elec
tric light system, which will be pushed
to completion as speedily as possible.
3a-J*. ?**Fort Pierre Woman Dies.
In the death of Mrs. George Mathle
son, at Fort Pterre Monday that plact
loses one. of it pioneer residents, she
having made her home at that place
when it was a part of the reservation.
Platte's New Water Supply.
The people of the thriving town of
Platte, Charles Mix county, are very
proud of a new municipal waterworks
system which has Just been complet
ed at that place, after having been un
der construction for several months.
Pierre Wins All Games.
By defeating Belle Fourche flatur
day by a score of 10 to 0 the Pierre
high school football team closed the
season with an unbroken 11ns of victo
ries and claims the high school cham
pionship of the state for this year.
SHOW BUSINESS GAIN
Increase of 6.31 Per Cent in the
Revenues Indicates a Healthy
DECREASE IN MONEY 0RDEES
A Washington Correspondent Says
Postal Statistics Clearly Set
Forth Country's Growth.
The postoffice returns furnish the
most accurate barometer we have ot
the cohdition of business. If a man
or a firm is not doing anything they
do not use the mails, but when they
are busy they have to buy stamps and
a return is made of every one that, is
sold. Hence the sales of postage
stamps are an index of the condition
of business, and during the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1909, the receipts from
that source were
crease of $11,593,104.44 over 1908. The
second-class postage paid in money
amounted to ?7,23(5,058.70, an increase
of $2S5,551.95. Third and fourth class
postage paid in money was $3,220,
741.35, an increase of $395,797.90, and
the revenue from box rents in the post
offices throughout the country was $:,,
946,259.71, an increase of $112,956.16
over the previous year.
There was a falling off In various
other sources of revenue, the most con
spicuous being that from the money
order business. During the last fiscal
year there was a decrease of $188,000
in the amount of domestic money or
ders issued and a decrease of $12,310,
759 in the amount of foreign money
orders issued. The revenue from this
source was $3,417,G25.3S for the year,
showing a decrease of $260,130.06 from
The total revenues of the Postoffice
Department for the fiscal year 190'J
were $203,562,383.07, being an increase
from the previous year of $12,OSS, 19.
66, or 6.31 per cent—a very healthful
9igr of the restoration of business
from the panic of 1907, which was felt
even into the first and second quarters
of the recent fiscal year.
The only way to explain the falling
off in the money orders is on the
iheory that the foreign-born element
'.n the United 3tate! had not sufficient
ly recovered from the hard times of
1907 and,1908 to afford sending any
part of their savings to the old folks
in the countries from which they
During the last ten years $498,S83,
915 has been sent abroad in money or
ders alone, practically the entire
amount being the savings of the for
eign-born population in the United
States remitted to their parents and
other relatives, or for investment.
The growth of the country is indi
cated more accurately by the postal
statistics than by any other standard
oC comparison, although there has been
a decided falling off in the total num
ber of postoffices since the rural de
livery was introduced. Highwater
mark was reached in 1901, when there
were 76,945 postoffices, but those of the
fourth class on the country roads and
at the four corners have gradually
been abolished and the mail of their
patrons has been delivered at the door
step of the farmers' homes by carriers.
The total number or postoffices in op
eration on the 30th of June last was
60,144, which was a falling off of 16,
801 since 1901 and a decrease of 1,014
during the previous twelve monthik
The number of first and second class
offices increased considerably, however,
and the amount of money devoted to
postmasters' salaries was $26,571,911,
a decided increase from the previous
The revenue of the Postoffice Depart
ment is increasing rapidly, and
amounted to $203,563,343 last year, an
increase of $12,083,719, but it does not
yet equal or even keep pace with the
expenditures, which were $221,004,102
during the fiscal year 1909—an in
crease of $12,662,216 from the previous
year. There seems to be no way of
pulling down the expenses, notwith
standing the efforts of the Postoffice
Department to economize and to rule
out of the mails cast quantities of sec
old-class matter that was formerly car
The deficit in the earnings last year
was larger than ever before in the
history of the government, and
amounted to $17,479,770. Ten year3
ago the deficit was $5,385,688, while in
1#02 it was only $2,961,169. It is in
creasing so rapidly every year that
there is very little hope that the Post
office Department will ever become
self-supporting, as it is in nearly every
Ptomaine Polaonlnsr IK Fulfil. I
Mrs. Mary Turton, aged 55, a prom
inent state W. C. T. U. worker and
treasurer of that organization at Bays,
O., is dead as a result of ptomaine
poisoning caused from eating boiled
Rxploaloa Kllla Two Women.
Mrs. Margaret Smith, aged 36 yeara
and Mrs. Minnie Wright, aged «0
years, were killed by a gu» nx til onion
in a boarding-house in Rochester, X,
Y. A burner In their room had leaked
V'*, Cr»ok Shoots Out HI* BRAA.
Thomas Lennon, of Jeraey City, for
merly treasurer of the Manhattan
Lighterage Company, shot both h|s
eyes out in a hotel In Newark, N. J.,
because of a shortage in his accounts.
A warrant was out tor his arrest
Cnula mt LlaMla'a Will Dice.
Mrs. Julia Orna Sough, a cousin of
Abraham Lincoln's wife, and who
when she was a girl of 9 years was
klned by the French general .Laray
ette. died Monday at her daughter's
horn* In Kansas City, aged 94 years.
BODIES OF 168 FOUND
Dead Piled in Heaps in Lowest
Level and Must Be Taken
Out by Boat.
WADE IN WATER WAIST DEEP
Messages Written by Dying Victims
Unearthed by Explorers—All
Killed by Black Samp.
Discovery of 168 bodies in the fire
swept mine at Cherry, 111., Wednesday
effaced the hope- of the stricken town
that its lost might return from the
tomb. Down in the blackened caverns
where they had struggled with death
the lifeless victims were found in a
grewsome heap. The reaper was not
to be denied his toll. On the faces ot
the sons and fathers of the women
who were waiting above, confident that
many would yet be found alive, was
written the blackest chapter of the
tragedy. Beside them was mute evi
dence of a battle with thirst, hunger
and fire in which they were over
whelmed when escape seemed near. It
was a story that awed the stanch
hearted searchers who stumbled upon
the wasted forms they shrank from
telling it to those bereft when they
returned from the charnel house. In
the darkness of their prison the vic
tims had fought for days—how many
no one can say as yet—until hu.maa
endurance was exhausted and theii
lives were snuffed out.
The bodies-were found 500 feet from
the main shaft on an elevated sur
face where the victims had retreated
before the advancing water and fatal
black damp. They had not been able
to escape the latter, and had died
after a struggle that may have con
tinued for two days.
To take out the bodies a skiff was
brought from the Illinois River, seven
miles away, and lowered 560 feet to
the vein in which the bodies were
found. It was rowed across the four
feet of water in the vein to the spot
where the bodies lay and they were
transported to the main shaft for re
moval to the surface. The exploring
party had to wade in water waist
Messages to loved ones were scrawl
ed on wood and the natural slate crop
ping trom the walls. There was evi
dence that the men, fully realizing the
fate they were facing, worked desper
ately to save themselves until exhaus
tion overpowered them. They built a
wall to protect themselves from smoke,
flame and water they constructed a
fan with their tools and what other
material they had at hand to keep a/
supply of air in their chamber, and
eat down, weak and sick, to await
either death or rescue.
Finally, after days of waiting, they
left their barricade, hoping to find
some chance of escape. They reached
the end of the stairway and there
were felled by a downpour of stea.m
and smoke from above. They fainted
and fell on top of each other to die.
LAUNCH CAPSIZES FIVE DROWN.
\Ve]ltuK' Gnots Die in Hnskcgoa
Lake Wlieim Gaooline ISxplodeM.
Five persons were drowned in Mus
kegon Lake Thursday afternoon when
the pleasure launch Olga, carrying a
party of nine young people, capsized
as the result of a panic following a
gasoline explosion. Four of those who
lost their lives were members of one
family. The dead are: Oscar Carl
son, aged 28 Hulda Carlson, 24
Anna Carlson, 20 Jennie Carlson,
18 Ann Saunders. The party had
started out to attend a wedding on
the north side of the lake, and decid
ed to take a short cruise before go
ing to the festivities. They encircled
the lake, and were within 150 feet of
the north landing when the accident
Mob Lynches Dying Negro.
After he had shot and fatally
wounded City Marshal Walter Nichols
and was in turn shot by Nichol3,
James Estes, a negro, was hanged by
a mob at Delhi, La. Nichols was at
tempting to arrest the negro on a
minor charge when shot. Estes was
practically in a dying condition wheB
he was lynched.
Fiiolnff Dixarrace)' It Ilia Self.
While Recorder McGovern and wit
nesses in New York were awaiting
Justice of the Peaco William C. Bu
denbender, the man who originally de
clared he bad married Anna Gould and
the Prince de Sagan, word was brought
In that he had killed himself by shoot
ing. Buden bender wag accused of ob
taining money by fraud.
Think* llciul Imcfci *i«r« nor
Ml&tftkiMg the head of Pearl House,
13 yearn old. for the body of a duck,
John Boatwrlght shot and killed the
boy while hHMifig near Broken Arrow,
Okfs. Moth were hunting ducks and
Beifhef knew of tho preaence of the
|iO0O«O flw In (/'itnaatota, JT.Y.
Fire did $100,000 damage In the
feeart of the village of Canastota, N.
Y. The Bruce Opera House block and
the Or oat block burned. Syracuse and
Onaida sent firemen.
Killed bjr IVavgJo Iadlaa.
Charles Fritz was murdered by a
Navajo Indian near Ship Rock agency,
New Mexico, according to news
brought to' Supt. Shelton, of Durango,
Col., by a band of Navajos. Robbery
Is thought to bave been tbe motive.
The slayer was captured.
Boy- Bart ia Football Gmm*.
Webb Boone, of- Logansville, had
60th bones of hta leg \broken aad
'crashed in a football game at Do
Graff, O., and Is thought also to