Newspaper Page Text
TltE WASHINGTON CTttTTC, SUNDAY, FEBTtrAItY 9, 1890.
HOW TO'MAKBTliE LAWS
BCIENCE IN LEGISLATION VIEWED ,
FROM MANY STANDPOINTS. '
l'rr.lmllco Affnlntt Lawnr I'otmlont :
the lniptrntlon of tlie T,-eh1 Blind
Opinion! ol ConcroKFiuion, Sclontliln I
Tho cdltoilal in last Sunday's Critic
ten 'BclcnUsls ns LawOInkcrs," una at- I
traded no litllo ntlcnliim among '
tlic classes whoso rclavtlro value
na legislators It dealt vlth. A. rcllus
)f tlic opinion of Inwycrs and
frcitntistn, whoso professions Unci
vroilhy repre'entution In AVaslilng- j
ten, discloses n variety of thought on
lie subject of tho stipurorlty of the j
iMItrotcr tho former as makers of laws, t
An expression of opinion by those who ;
ir ay be rcgaulcd as competent obsnrv- .
era in the law and in the sciences, has
Itcn invited by The Ckhic, with in
UrcstinK rctullH, to which thoiegislaton
tbtmsclvui bavo offccltvcly contributed. !
jiA.ton t.acv'8 TiroconrruJi conci.u-
Science," wild JIaJor U. VT. Lacy, i
"with regard to any department of ,
ltnow ledge, Implies an understanding j
thereof. Tho meaning of scienco is to ;
know. TJierc is n broader sense, how-
ever. In which it is used when it refers j
to the generalizations of a number of
facts and principles dcduccablo there- '
from. In that view, to bo cither u .
statesman or nolllicinn in the worthy
etnu of tho (alter term, the legislator
fiuouin nppiy eeicncc to stniuaiory en
actments. The trouble is that politics
lieu tof ore hnu been rather a trade than
a profession, mid not a very high toned
one at that.
TtlCYIIUMi ONLY 01' SKI,' .
"Too many of mil legislators consult
only the waB mid mcacs of a self
ndvanccmqnt, and tho interests of party
as well as.qt tho natinn are made sub
servient to tbal purpose. The profes
nloti of .the law constitutes not only
science, but a scienco of a very high
and comprchoosivo order. Tho study
of the law in not only narrowing in Its
lentlcncy on, thu minds of tho student,
tout is elevating and ennobling. It
teaches tho co relative duties between
man and man, as well as between man
and aggregates of people, Statc3 and
"IUs practical ethics. Every thorotwh
lawyer-is, in one department', at loast.
a scientist In thciitiictcst sense of tho
word, and, n Cicero said, 'That nil
thlnr6 should be made ttlbutary to elo
quence, sohshonjd also the lawyer.' All
blanches of knovtlcge should enrich
bis mind and en largo his understanding
to quality mm not only tor tnc dis
charge of hie professional duties, but j
for pnrtidpatinir in thoso legislative.
executive and administrative duties
which he is very liable to be called upon
r-BEJOTICE TOWAItO LAWYERS.
"Tho deep seated prejudices which
Minis t,o prevail .against tho law
yers in lho minds of the populus
rulgvii seem almost unaccountable, 'but
mitts no doubt fiom the fact of tho
zeal which they display while working
and arguing, in their Clients' behalf.
Yet no one who employs n laW3rer Is so
overly conscientious ns to rcprovo him
forlhq ardor wi(h which ho advocates
"To return to tho question of the
fitness of lawyers to act In legislative
capacities," said Mr. Lacv, "t should
oc apparent 10 anyono uiai tnc logisia-
-ii ru . .lit?, ti9 .
which ia to bo remedied bv tho now
fitaluto proposed, but also tho now rules
of construction nnd interpretation
which will' cnablo the framing of the
statute in plain and unambiguous
language, and should be, as Blackstono
puts It. 'acquainted with the old law,
the mischief and the remedy.' In
every other department of business,
public -and private, it is taken for
grantcdtthaMho man who is employed
in it should be thoroughly acquainted
with its details should be educated to
it, but it iccms that law-makinc forms
tho exception. Tilen assume to bo born
legislators, like poets, born and not
made; whereas our view is like Bayard
Taylorhj -of the pocU: That they aro
born and then made- s"
OKEATNE6S or THE LSOAL PROFESSION.
"Kbt only fn our own, but in overy
other civilized country, the duties of
legislation havo dovolvcd principally
on the local profession, and the great
names which aro enrolled in political
annals, and the creat sacrifices made in
the causes of justice and liberty bear
fiHcstimony'to-tho exalted patriotism,
liigh moral worth and comprehensive
statesmanship of the members of tho
WtHCEDE3T THEin INSPIRATION.
Hon. William L. Wilson .of West
Virginia, whose reputation as a consti
tutional lawyor gives a value to his
words, said: "1 thinkfit would bo con
rcnlontly proper Jf the law-making
bodies ofthc country had in their com
pcsltion a few mora scientific men than
thoy havo at present. Tho legislator of
to-day is apt to look upon precedont as
the inspiration of his diity. He depends
too much Upon tho past and hesitates
about looking into the future. Tho in
fluence of tho scientist would lie of great
benefit, I think, however, legislative
bodies, 'should liavo as" a controlling
clement representatives of the legal pro
fession. COK0REBS1IAN. tfAYSC-N's VIEWS.
"It is well known," said Congress
man Ii. 15. PryBon of Illinois, "that tho
greater portion of tho law-makers is
made up-of lawyers. It is proper, too,
a? they aro tho qniy class which is tho
medium of expression, savo that of the
press. I tin not prepared to admit tho
BCtcssity of suppliintine the lawyer by
the man of kciencoin our Legislatures."
TIIH IPEA IJirRACTICAMLE.
"It Isaa impracticable idea," replied
Congressman W, D. Bynum of Indiana
whin approached on the subject. "I
shall refer you to an incident in the
Hfo of my old collego professor, a man
of great learning, ablo to fill any uni
versity chair with cicdit. Ho had tho
command, of dead, all but-forgotten
languages, and no subject extended
into antiquity so far as to discouiago his
pursuit. But when one day he wanted
ta obintn nu ordinary saddle for his
liorso be took 6omo trouble to get tho
animal to tho saddler for measurement
1 don't menu to imply that tho bdentUt
would tiling- a liko simplicity into the
lc&uJatlvu halls, but I do think his real
value iu law-making would ba In his
counsel. Tho lawyers should continue-nJlaw-inakcrs,"
Colonel William C. Oatcs of Ala
bama, rcganletl a body of legislative
scientists as .Incapablo of satisfactory
work, Tho American Congress con
tained moio scientific men than any
other legislative body in tho world. "I
havo visited thu English PArllament,"
lie added, "and I think our Houses of
Congress compare more than favorably
with tho mother Legislature. Legisla
tors should be practical rather than sci
entific." KOT VnACUCAL E.voijQir
"Scientific men," said Congressman
Ccorgu K. Adams of Illinois, "aro not,
as a rtno, practical enough, to maKo
o Imym, A it Is, Ute law-makers of tho
..,Ti,.jUi.Atf,i ,vff, ,., iif.m,,,,.,!!, I,irtitl, iYi -
tlnj hiiw behind ilicm men of n;iencc,
wlio. by udtlcc, limy do lliolrjilinre In
pi rpitilntlng inniult$7"
HUNKS IT AlliMHtl).
"it Is no leaion," said District Com.
inisioucr Doitglav, "that because n
man can Mull n moirkcy to a startling
degree of lifcllKcness lie can make a
law. The idea is absurd. Scientists
me iminllv cpteialists. The Inw-mak-leg
btdv tiimilil contain mm fiom all
walks of life."
A M IKNTIM' TALKS.
Mr. linker, geographer of the Geo
loeieal Survey, said: "The legislative
bedy, in my judgment, should repro
tint tho interests of all classes. It
should have lawyers, bccavlso Its func
tion Is law-making. It should have sci
inline men, because its legislation
Mioulil be guided by tho arcuuiulatlvo
knowledge of science. It should havo
mactical men of affairs in its body, and
if tho legislative body wns perforce
limited to any one class, as it ought not
to be, then the class should be tho
practical men of affairs, who conduct
the business of tho cities, who build
tho lallioads mid construct tho tele
graphs. "Scientific mcu do not differ from
other men. They havo the same
sticngth, the same weakness. They
should always be heard, however, in
legislation. 'We do not want the theo"
list to make our taiifi laws; neither do
we want the so called practical man to
create legislation in the interest of him
self or of a class. I feel very certain
that 800 scientists on Capitol Hill, for
instance, would do no better than the
300 gentlemen now thetc."
I'MIFKSWOIt AXD STATESMAN.
lion. Tj. N. Hartshorn, Deputy Sec
ond Comptioller of the Treasury De
paitnicnt, who Is n college piotessnr
and has served four vcars in tho Ohio
Legislature, said: "The lawyers should
predominate in the Senate, while In tho
llouso there should bun rcnicsentation '
of all occupations. The .scientist Is too ,
theoretical for practical lnw-making,
which belongs to tho business mnn,
who is too slightly, l-corcoctiteti in legls
Jallvo bodies. The lawyer should con- I
trol lather than the scientist" i
'UlK BUST QUALIFICATIONS,
Jlr. 11. 11 JtlcMauon, formerly l)ep
uty Second Comptroller, said: "It is
not from principle that scientists do not '
picdominatc or arc not numerously j
found in lcgklativo assemblies of this I
or other nations. It is rather from a
cause within than without the want of J.
desire in tho man of science to take
patt in public Hfcv, To.your question:,
!ls not the man whoidevotes his Hfo to
the anatomy of the human kind best I
quallllcd to make laws for mankind? I
can answer for myself only. I think
not. The anatomist,, the scientist, i
knows tlic human iiauiewoik, the cot i
porcal man. Kill there is the other side
of man, the moral, and for this side of
Mm the anatomist is no more qualiOcd
tomakclaws than the sculptor or the
f winter. Legislation in not physical
aw. Scientific men aro often wrong
in the nidinary nlTiihs of life, but this
results from their search after absolute
truths. In morals and in politics all
truths aic lelalivc. Insolence nothing
is to be considered but tho piiuciolo; lit
politics, noihingibut the consequence.
"I do not aflirm that the" sci
cntlst who contiols the lightning
from the heavens, who annihilates
space, who leproduccs tho human
voice, who foretells the movements of
ithc planets, cannot ovoho wise and
humane legislation; but! kuow, as you
Know, mat no is not n politician or a
legislator. For my own part, I wish that
he were. 1 had a letter the other day
from a distinguished man a mau who
llu3 fiotl0 tlnbugh tho whole ciicle of
Iiuuian sriences-and ho spoke of this
very question. Said he: 'Talk not to
tho man who is composing mathemati
cal trcati'-cs of politics. lie piefcrs to
boar aloft on tlic wings or genius and
lenvo modem politics to the ward
rounder.' This, in my judgment, is a.
gravo error. The man of genius should
conio down from aloft and help to
cleanse and purify the political atmos
phere. If 'man is but a thinking
rd,' as Pascal says, it would be well
for us to eliminalo from our legislative
bodies some orthe Billies amf Jimmies,
soiuc.of the untutored political savages
whn crawl into public station under the
mud-slimed 'machine,' and supply their
places with clean, decent, honest men
men of letters, of culture, of science,
men who can think and speak In somo
lancuagc, living or dead.
"The man of scienco, in search of
absolute truths, Is not only honest with
himself, but with all others. You will
not find such a man, when he thinks he
will bo contaminated, barlcrinc for po
litical place. The man of science is a
proud man. And tho rock upon which
the roultitudo invariably strike is prldo
i prldo of honor, prldo of truth, prido
of tight, prido of person. '
"The radical evil, the curse of our
political system, Is tho influence of
money, anil sensitive men, with clean
souls, will not be dobased, debauched
or polluted. Unfortunnto as it is. yet
so it Is, political pirates enter in where
honest men will not tread. 'How much
can you put up for tho boyst' wns
nskeu a gentleman in New Yoik. who
expressed a desire to come to Congress.
That was'thc test. You ask me about
lawyeis. Well, lawyers aro in almost
constant touch with the people. They
aio generally better known, as a consc
quencc. Their profession takes hem
,hcre, thei o, elsewhere. Tho victim you
jsavo from tho clutches of the law will
)io apt to vote for you. I speak
with all deference and bow betore tho
majesty of ray own profession, for it is
noblo nnd sublime; it is in its essence
justice and mercy, though Oliver Golds
smith in 'Tho Traveller' says: 'Laws
ciind the poor and 'rich Tncu rnlc tho
law,' and Charles Macklin wrote: 'Tho
law is a sort of hocus-pocus scienco that
smiles iu ycr face while it picks yer
pocket.' I rather say with Hooker in
Ids Ecclesiastical Polity: 'Of tho law
thoic can bo no less acknowledged than
that her scat is the bosom of God, her
voico tho harmony of the world; all
things In Heaven and earth do her
homage the very least as fccllnt; for
her care, and the greatest as not ex
empted from her power.' "
THE IIUOI.OOICAI, MINI).
Jlr. j. C. Pilling, chief cleik of the
Geological Survey, regarded scientific
men as not practical. "And tho deeper
thu ecicutUl the more non-prnctlcal tho
man," lie added, "Success in. science
now nieann a concentration of time and
study on one branch. Tho pursuit of a
specially allows no opportunity for tho
consideration of general topics. I
think the lawyer docs not always an
swer the purpose to the best possiblo
extent in law-making, but I should
say there was no comparison between
tho lawyer's Inability and that or tho
man of specialized intellect."
1'ITTKD FOR THEORIES.
Lieutenant William 1L Stayton of tho
United States Jlaiine Corps, who is
connected with tho offico of the
Judgo Advocate General of tho Navy,
said. "So far as a conception of fun
daincntal laws is concerned tho scientist
might servo a puiposc. Ho is fitted for
the formation of tho theories of govern
ment by his knowlcdgo of the general
needs of maniclnd, a knowledgo gath
ered by delving into antiquity, His ac
qualntanco with tho principles of gov
ernment of remote races furnlshesjitm
With material for tho modern structure.
"An cxample.ot the Inability of tu
J sclcullst to govern lailvj(iluau la a(
forikil by Locke, who p.cpnrcd for the
colony nfGcoiglii nn nble cdhstlhitlrtn.
The colony, aflir n niNerablc evlstenco
under Iti rcqulrcilieiits, abandoned the
tlicoictlcal docunictit nnd lived for
twenty jtars without any constitution.
Tho scientist takes only n general,
tlicoictlcal view, and discovers the
human race in hisr" preparations; tho
lawyer legards tho needs of thu com
munity, rerognies the existence of in
dividual ell cituistnuco nnd appreciates
Till: COMMISSIONERS ADVISEIt.
"What do I think of placing tho leg
Islalhc power of tho Government iu
the hands of scientists'" repealed Dis
tiki Attorney Harelton. "First, I am
satisfied that no law Is of advantage)
that does not meet the approval of n
mnjortty of the American people so that
It can be readily enforced and obuyed,
and If the power of legislation was left
exclusively in the hands of such
scientists as you suggest, or, indeed,
of any odo tntcicst, it would result In
the enactment of laws that would bo u
di ad letter upon our statute bonks.
The law making power of this nation is
n lepiesentiition of all the diversified
Interests of the country. The bank, the
farm, the merchant, the mine, the vail
load, science nnd commerce, religion
and education, aic all represented there,
ami It is that icpicscntatton of the va
ilcd inleiests of the States and Tcrrito
rlis, of domestic nnd international com
merce, that iisstucs the strength, uni
formity and fitness of our legislation
nnd makes it acceptable lo the people.
"The lawyer may nol know as much
about the facts or necessity of lelsln
lion upon cci tain subjects' ns tho scien
tist, farmer, or merchant, or railroad
man may know, but he does kuow bet
tirlhnu" nil tlie.su combined how to
ft nine the very law they need, so thai it
will stand the test of the courts under
the Constitution nnd bo susceptible,
of just administration. Suppose you
shoulil eliminate all the great charters,
leclslathe enactments, nnd declarations
of human lights which have been fash- I
ioncd by the brain nnd hand of the law- '
ycr, In the Ci ilii'iillon of the world, what ,
would you have left? What scientist :
could you name and theioaic many great .
and splendid men among them, who
could have filled tho plate of Speaker
Heed in pulling out tho snacs anil ,
debris which have clogged the stream
of legLslathe power in this government
for a qutiiler of a century and more,
and in lestoring lo the parliamentary
law of the House tho constitutional
right of the majoiity to legislnto for
the American people. I appreciate as
much as anybody tho great value of
science and 'be high chnractcrof tho
men who have been and now aio en
gaged in Ilf, promotion, but I think that
they should have nothing more than n
just and fair representation, as they
now have in tho legislative power of
.I0IIN LOCKE'S SCHEME.
A. G. Iliddle, ex-Attorney for the
District, says this idea of scientists ns
law makers was tried when the great
Knulish philosopher, John Locke, tho
author of "Locke on Understanding,"
wns lequested to foimulatc n scheme ot
government for one or more of tho
Auieiknn colonies. The scheme which
he advocated was found to be most im
practicable, and tbeic was no attempt
made to put it into practice. Those
men should maku tho laws who in
i very day life and in tho conduct of
ilu ir business arc dealing with men .a ml
their wnys. Practical men and not
tlieamcrs should make the laws. The
piofesslon docs not, as a profession, at
tempt to secure tho entrance of their
mcmbeis into law-making bodies, nnd
when one docs go it is doploicd as a
'IHEOUIbTH NOT OIUOINATORS.
J. Walter Cookley said: "I mn
of the opinion that tho infusion
into tho iaw-inaking bodies of
men of more scientific attainments
would bo better than at picsent. How
ever, the Ihjnkers and theorists whom
we call jurists, otc in reality the origi
nates of uenrlyall thegieatcrmcasuics
cminatiug fiom law-making bodies.
Tho present legislator aro merely
HYATTSVILT.i: AND VICINITY.
Hniipcnluc" of Interest In tlmt l'ros
peroiin I.lttlo ToWll.
Much favorable and well deserved com
ment has been and Is being bestowed upon
our sow Board of Commissioners for their
public-spirited endeavors looking to the
safety and comfort of the citizens of this
town. Noticeably among tho several re
cent improvements consummated by these
gentlemen Is that which involves the light
ing of our village by oil lamps sufllclently
out after dark, which heretofore has been
extremely precarious. Tho system of main
tenance of these lamps U an exceptionally
economical one, anu occasions tno just, as
sertion that the Inhabitants of tho town
should see that the placo, Is amply lighted.
Tho Commissioners havo set forth the feas
ibility of this Important 'project, and the
citizens should show their appreciation by
hastily putting the same tn operation.
Several dilapidated, and consequently dan
gerous, footwallis have also been rscontly
Several Inhabitants of this village aro in
disposed, caused, doubless, by the prevail
ing Influenza. Mr. Marion Duckett. a dis
tinguished counsellor of this1 vicinity, is
understood to bo very 11), some doubts of
his ultimate recovery belnc entertained.
Mr. George, Dmry is likewise quite sick,
but not dangerously so. The, epidemic has
swsy in this village, certainly, I
ing at times whole families in its embrace.
Mrs. Paul Tricou leaves to-day for an ox
teuded trip to the South. The larger por
tion) of her tlino has been set apart for a
visit to her relatives at Now Orleans. She
will return in about six weeks.
Particular Interest Is bcliiK manifested by
the lady members of the Catholic Church at
this point In an entertainment to bo held at
Calvert's Hall, Collego Station, ou the 18th
It Is a matter of comfort to the citizens
to know that Dr. Charles A. Wells is Im
proving rapidly In health and expects to bo
able to restimo his practice tn a few days.
A. Goldou Opportunity fur the Ladles!
King's Talace, 814 Seventh street n. w.,
will Inaugurate the great clearing sale on
account of rebuilding.
Owing to the great Increase of our already
extensive buslucss and tho doslro of adding
new lines, such as dry goods, notions,
ladles' and gentlemen's furnishing goods,
vt e have been compelled for Hunt of more
space to lease the adjoining building now
occupied by the Fair, which ho anticipate
occupying by January, or at tho latest
February. To combine tho two stores Into
one requires extensive improvements, and
to make room for the builder wo aro com
pelled to close out our entire stock, con
sisting of ono of the most stylish aud fash
ionable lines of millinery, ladles', misses'
and children's cloaks, corsets, kid gloves,
furs, ribbons, velvets, jerseys, and other
articles too numerous to mcutlon.
What is ono's loss is another's gain. Wo
are willing to bcuellt our thousands of pa
trons at the very height of the season by
disposing of our entire stock at a sacrifice.
While thoy aro in ncod ot goods, such a
chanto has nevor boon offered before, and
wbllo we aro willing to mako the sacrifice,
vio anticipate all In need of desirable goods
to embrace this opportunity, Now, bear in
inlud. every dollar's worth of goods must
bo sold before building.
8147th st, u. w., bet, II, and I streets.
A Jiflof niatory of Washington,
A schoolboy's essay on the Father of His
Country started out with: "George Wash
ington licked the llritlsh, was elected
President of tho United States, and woro
pants that didn't bag at the knees." That
soenis to cover nearly tbe whole ground.
$50X1 IlxwAnDorrnucD by the proprietors
of .Dr. Ssgo's Catarrh Uwnedy forau tucura
ssac--- - jabB--il
1) V AT. li'C;T ATI' M TVV P 1
- "A lj J A 1 Ij ill A L J. IA,
- - -i
PURCHASE OF WORMLEY'S HOTEL
BY A WASHINGTON SYNDICATE.
Tsnrtlirnninrli rroimrt) Itiininlni; .
Common nn Wlilcli lmil Urnirnnit
Will llu 1'Ihci' lit rrell.v IIh-bII-IIICK
GOftltlp ol tho fliilcs,
'1 1 r iroft important teal estntcdeal
lumlo in the past week or ten days was
the purchase of tho Wormier Hotel
property at the southwest. corner of
Fifteenth and II streets, opposite the
ShorehDm. This wns owned by Oon
oral Hooper of Itoston, who sold it to a
Kjndlcntc of Washington capitalist.
John W. Thompson, president of the
National Jletionolltan Dank, is til tlic
head of the syndicate, and. it is limit r
Mood, has with him in tho deal Ills
bit thu, W. S. Thompson, John W
Foster, Guidncr G. Hubbard and thu
linn of. Filch, Fox & Tlroivn, with one
or two other prominent moneyed min
The deal was puiely speculative,
one and tho propcity Is again on thu
inailat, $200,000 being the llgineat
which it is placed. Tho lease of thu
premises to the Wormley's will not be
ilisim lied nuu the hotel will lie run as I
Koithciist Washington and Cist
Washington, iu the vicinity of Lincoln
1'iitk, is experiencing a lively boom.
For some lime pioperty in Unit section
has iciiialned dormant, comparatively-.
There wcicgtciitS(uircst)f.unitnproved '
land, tenanted only by tho biowsiue; i
goats of the ticighboting Irish dwellers. I
The lonely streets wne used only
by the n oilcmcii going fiom their work
to their scattered dwellings, and irw i
grew between the bricks of the side
walks. Prices wcio down and specu '
latoisweie chary of investments. A.bnut
six weeks ago a local syndicate went i
into the mntket aud look tiu.utor of a I
million dollais' worth ot property.
Then they commenced to inovu it It
was placed In the hands of energetic
men nnd sales were made rapidly. j
The first sale was niudu Jnnuiry 4.
bincc that lime, within a few days over"
a month, $220,000 woith has been dis
posed of. Somo of the largest sales !
were made by George A. Jordan, acting
for the owners. For the syndicate ho
sold sctcnlotsinsquaic flOOon Eleventh
street southeast, for $18,41)0, one lot in
squaio 1038 for $11,030, thieo lots in
square 1014 for $27,Co3. For T. E.
Davis ho sold T. M. Loch one lot in
square 10S!3, containing 110,000 square
feet for $18,003. For L. A. Moorchead,
lot' 8, in squaio 10:18, for $W.0!H; for
J. II. Gray & Co., three lots in square
10!!9 for $14,227. These comprise only
i the laiger sales. The pioperty is st'.lf
moving in small paicels, being bought
for building purposes. r
The visible cflecls of tlic boom will
become apparent in the spring, when
the bammcr-of tho workman wlli m.tko
a mi rry din nnd the lonely streets teem
with brick and luinbci wagons. An
era of building will then havo set iu.
A lnige number of lcsidcuccs aro in
prospect, only awaiting the opening of
good weather to begin work". Not only
in single, residences will building pro
cecd, but several extensive rows of
modern houses will bo erected. On
California slictt. between E and F and
First and Second norlheast, fifty houses
will go up. Thcv will be neat, at
iractho two-stoiy houses, designed to
lent at a low figure and furnish com
fortable homes to people of moderate
At Second and E. noithcast, lu this
same section, plans have been made by
Uaines & Weaver to build a row of
moie pretentious houses, three story
bricks to cost about $3,000 each. Thev
bought Inst week from Walter II.
Smith one-fourth of square 721. con
taining 48,000 squaie feet and willcom
menee work upon their improvements
as'Boijn as tho weather permits.
TMr. F. A. Kiddell has bought from G.
A. Jordan tho eastern part of tho tri
angular Mpiaic south of square 898, be
tween Maryland avenue nnd D and
Seventh and Eighth northeast, for
$1 CO per square foot. Ho will put up
st oral handsomo residences there.
A most important improvement is
contemplated by the Metropolitan Street
Hallway Company, and will soon bo
carried into effect. For a long time the
icsidcnts of that portion of tho city ly
ing cast and south of Lincoln Park
havo bewailed the lack of quick trans
portation to tho heart of tho city. Tho
line of the Metropolitan, or "F-strcct"
cars, as they aro known, stop3 at Lin
coln Paik,. The company intend to ask
a charter from Congress allowing them
it0 extend their line around the south
,,!. T ji t.i. .i t.-i....i...
side of Lincoln Park, down Kentucky
avenue to tho now bridee which spans
tho Eastern Branch. The new lino will
tap a rapidly glowing section of tho city
nnd be a boon to the citizens.
Mr. B. II. Warder, tho Ohio million
aire, who is heavily interested in Wash- :
ington real estate, has bought two lots
in square S20, at tho corner qf Eleventh
and G, for which he paid JSO.OOO. Upon
this site ho proposes to erect a handsomo
business block. Tho improvement will
consist of store and office rooms.
Lying just north of tho Boundary
and east of Seventh street aro 1 ,000,000
square feet of ground, subdivided into
city lots, which will soon be upon tho
market. It Is the property known as
"Petwoith," owned by a syndicate
The streets nnd avenues have been ox
tended the width of city streets and aro
In conformity thorowith. Tho Syndi
cate has expended over $50,000 already
grading and developing the property
upon tho plan adopted by the owners of
Kalorama, and aro still improving. Not a
foot will bo sold until it is thus put in
good shape, somo of the stiects paved,
sidewalks laid, water and gas put In
and sewers dug. By this time the new
motor on tho Brightwood Hallway will
be In operation, and rapid transit fur
nished to nnd from tho city.
It is said an offer was jcccntly made
tho Washington syndicate by n Topcka,
Ivan., firm to purchase two wholo
squaies of tho propeity, but was re
fused. Tho owners expect to commence
selling lots in tho early spring.
Tho Westcin way of handling subur
ban subdivisions now picvailsiu Wash
ington. When a now property is in
tended lo bo opened the first move is to
run a sticct railway into It, then pave
tho streets, put in gas and water and
place tho lots on tho markot. Buyers
find all the conveniences of the city Iu
tho new property and prices aro im
proved In consequence. This was tho
plan pursued in the Kckington piop
erty, nnd it has proven a
success, notwithstanding tho croak
logs of tho old timers, who
laughed at the idea of running nn
electric railway into a comparatively
uninhabited country, and paving roads
with asphalt where not a house stood.
This is tho plan of the "Petwoith"
peoplo, and will doubtless bo pursued
by oilier suburban Improvers,
Tin: most i tistlnato cases of catarrh are
cured by the Uoi ot lily's Cream Ualin, tho
only agrecablo i medy. It la not a liquid
or snufT: Is easll) ipplted into the nostrils.
For cold In the lieu lit is magical. It gives
relief at once. Piico 60 coats.
Paik ami duead attend tho use of most
catarrh remedies. Liquids and snuffs are
unpleasant as well as dangerous, Kly's
Cream Ilalm Is safe, pleasant, easily applied
Into the nostrils, and a sure cure. It
cleanses the nasal passages and heals tha
innamea inemurane, eivin
relict at once.
1 3t r.s . . r. r.v
IHAt'OII's ffpANfl IU'EIIA HillNIt
Week CnmtiHiieliiir Montaj", T'tmuirr 10
OM.V MATI r E -A IL'Itl) U
J. It EMMET,
tn Ills Entirely Now iinil Natural timms,
FItlTZ IIVI A MAU HOI'S!'.,
V hlch ran Three Montis nt Hie Utli Strict
1 licatro, New York
Oar-Load of Scenery,
I'lliillmmim. tho $5,000 Pon,
Tlio Largest anil UamUomest Do? It, the
ES.T1HE NEW SONCU
Noxt wcek-VcCAUM, OPEII A CO
-VT EW NATIONAL THEATER.
1 EiTj-ocntinr, Wed. and Sat. tallneo
Week Iicslnnlnc MONDAY, VEIL 10
Mr. Nat. C.
Jlml Ills Company of I'myci.-i,
A nprformnncn whtoh
Is a tilonsuro to watch."
"Tho audience aban
ilons Itself to npilaurto."
'"A radiant farce of
pathos ami liiunnr."
rillinir the the atreev orr
Tlicro wtli unUutJliMtlu
Ncitwcik-Mr. Krolimnn's TLip Wf FF
I.jcciim '1 hqatro Company tn """ "uu
T INCOLN MUSIC HALL.
SECOND GRAND CONCEUT
TnUn&DAV EVJININO, FKI1, 1 J, by the
Boston Symphony drctatra.
A. SIKISCH. Conductor,
fololst, tho accomplished C nncerl .Vnenlei and
l'lrit Violin of thoOroliostra,
Mil. FRANZ KNEISEL.
Overture, "Snkunlnla" (old mark
Concerto for violin and orchestra.
f-ulte. "I'ocrOyut' flrlei;
(Received with storms of npplansu In Huston)
Sjmpliooy D'Mlnor ......Schumann
Reserved seats, $1 end $1.50, at J. V. Kills &
Co.'s, 037 Pa. avo.
RTJItDITT & NORTH Managers
The STODDARD LECTURES,
POUR ATTRACTIONS TIUS VEBK.
Tiom Corsica to tho. Throat).
Tiom tho Throna to bt. rielcna.
UERI.IN IU 18S0.
llullllnjaml aieillnR Locttuos with
Admlsb'ou, fidcii ioened scats 75c.,Koiidy
fornlllcctuiesat.I, T. Ellis & Co.Vi, H7,ra.
Teb. 17. -mmiN IN 1835; Teh. 18, 10,
JttUUUTT A NOIlUr MU11URM)
ftaugh's Holllday Street Theatre,
W IU. COMMENCE MONDAY, FEBRUARYS!
hPlXHAI. NIGHTS WIM, BE ARRANGED
FOR THE WASHINGTON I'UIILIC
WITII SPECIAL TRAINS.
RESERVED SEATtJ, S3 and 82.150.
Which rill Include passage to Baltimore and
return. Duo notice will bo given of
Repertoire and SALE 01' SEATS.
T I ARRIS BIJOU THEATRIC.
JJ. WEEK Ol1 rEBRUAHY 10.
By Speclnl Arraneemcnt With Mr. Loul
Aldrlch, Halt ley Campboll's
A Beautiful Drama, Good Compaay, Fine
Next week THE WHITE SLAVE.
! TERNAN'S NEW WASHINGTON THKA-
JV TRE, Ilth st., south otrenna. ao
Tho Palaos VaudcTlllq Tliea(ro of America
ladles' Matinees Tnonday, Tlmrsduy and
Week ComircncliiKiJroudny, Fobruary 10.
Night Owls Novelty & Burlesque
Tebruary 17-I'ETER JACKSON, the Col
ored Champion. Seats now on sale,
riWvk TnEATRE-lA. AVE. NEAR 11TH
XX st. Monday, February 10, anddmlnR the
HAJILIN'S BIG SPECIALTY CO.
IS STAK ARTISTS.
Slatlnees Monday, Wednesday, Friday and
Saturday. Admission at night, 10, DO, SO and
60c. Matinees, 10, SO and 30c.
Temporary oillce, No 1001 F t. n. n
Loans money on collateral and real estate,
TayB interest on deposits. Has for salo se
cured Investments, capital, 81.000.000. Call
and see or write to us. TJ. 11. WARNER,
President: JNO. JOY JCDSON, ViceProldent;
W. B. ROU1NSON, Secrotaryj W. B. GUBLEY,
OSSF-TIII! COI,UMMA NATIONAL HANK,
Oil F st. n. w., Washington, D, C.
A General Ilapklng Jluslncji Transacted.
R. II. WATtNBR, President.
A T. BRITTON, Vice Piesldent.
E. 8. PARKER, Cashier.
1416 Penna. ave.. opposite Wlllard's Hotol.
Thousands from far and near visit Dr. Vhlte
for relief from and avoidance of corns, bun
Ions, diseased nails and all other foot'
troubles. Hours. 8 a. m. to 6 p. rn.; Sun
days.fl to 12. Established 1601. Fee. tl.
KJST-LADIESl LADIESI LADIESI
B3 Mrs. iloCafferty Is thu only hat and
bonnet-framo manufacturer In the city. Call
her new ehanos
pressing, straw and lelt
Straw and felt bats altered to the
Orders p-omptly attonaed to,
1000 u street n.w.
S3rEI.ECTRICrTY.- 15 YEMW A SPE
-3-? elnltv In curing nervous and raontal
disease, spinal, ovirlun and uterine troubios,
paralysis, tumors, sciatica, hysteria, rheuma
tism, neuralgia, chorea, etc. Hairs removed,
Strictures cured, btatlo olectrlulty through
olotblng, Dr. L. S. NICHOLSON. C0I Twelfth
st. n. w.
'WASHINGTON ILLUMINATED AD
VERTISING CO. OMce. 1312 Pa.
avo , upstairs. Advei tUements Displayed bv
4,000 Candlo Power Eleotrlo Light upon uw
Bquaro Feet ot Canvas. janTMw.d&a
Off-FOH YOUR FULL-DRESS SUPPLIES GO
to P. T. HALL, 003 V street northwest,
Special Bargain, our 81.V3 Full-Dress Shirt.
Slilrta to Measure a Bpcclulty.
On tbe St. John's lllver, Slagnollu, 1'lu.
Open early In January, Now ownership.
Greatly Improved. Capacity, 400; modern
conveniences: steam yachts, sail and row
boats; safe driving and saddle- horses; or
chestral bjukIo. The Magnolia Spring water
Is unsurpassed. CUAltLKS B. GOODWIN,
Booth g Modjeska
The order c.f the day ii5
' Opening of JNTew Goods in .
every department." j
NEW SI'RISGSTYLr.3 In I. VDIESMAOKETd
A half dozen or more
shapes entirely new, being ;
radically different from any
we have shown heretofore.
The most decided novelty is '
the Continental," made i
loose in front, in combin i
tions of naVy blue aud
cream, with buii and tan
lappel, finished with two
rows of plain fl it biass bat- .
tons. Also piack with red
lapped, cuffs, &c lined
throughout with satin and
trimmed with fiat brass but
ton":. Black Diagonal and Cork,
screw Jackets, with loose
fronts and wide shawl-roll
collar of black faille silk.
Other styles equally de
regenr and confined tq us,
We bought but a lew of each
style io keep them exclusive
WfJODV, ARD X I.OTHROI'.
New Spring. Short Wraps,
Beaded Pelerines, Accor
deon Pleated Capes, Em
broidered Fichus, R.asl.ul$,
Connemaras, Circuits. &c.
These are advance styles
only a lew of each, and
offer an excellent opportu
nity lor ladies to secure an
exclusive garment, one not
likely to be duplicated again
NEW '1800" JERSEYS.
The dressiest styles we
have yet shown. Superior
qualities only, as it does not
pay us to sell cheap, infer ijr
Jerseys, nor you to buy
them. As a 'special al trac
tion we offer Black All-wool
Jerseys, with vest front, per
fect fitting, at $2 each.
WOODW'ATtD X LOl'lIHOP.
A BARGAIN IN SOAP.
. 500 dozen Low's Wild
Rose Toilet Soap, an 'excel
lent 5-cent soap, 35c per
WOODWARD A, I.OTUIIOl'i
Sl'ECIAI S IS GLOVES.
We allow no Gloves to
J enter our stock unless lully
I up to our standard of worth
) and have an intrinsic value.
j 6-button Black Biarritz
Gloves, sewed with black
silk instead of white, $1. We
also have them in the new
spring shades at the same
price, $1. Another strong
Javorite in dollar gloves is
the 6-button length Gray
Chamois Skin, two excel
lent lines, at $1.50; 4-buttoa
English Walking Gloves, in
assorted tans, and S-button
length Suede Mousquetaire,
in black and tans, both $1 50
WOODWARD i I.OT1IK01'.
Cardinal Table Cloths way
below regular prices. An
other illustration of the acU
vantage of frequent trips to
the wholesale market and
large buying. We offer:
$1.25 Red Table Cloths,
1.50 Red Table Cloths
These, are size six-quarters
and seven-quarters and
are on a centre table, sec
We also secured 300 doz.
Check ed Glass Linen Doy
lies to sell for 50c per doz.
WOODWARD A LOTHROP
A SPECIAL IN GOWNS.
Here is the best gowfi
$1,25 ever bought. Made
from Lonsdale Cambric, wirh
pointed yokeof Valenciennes
Lace and finished with dou
ble ruffle of lace down the
front and around the neck
and sleeves, $1.25.
WOODWARD A LOTHROP
Moreen Skirts, $3.
Mohair Divided Skirts,
$2.75, $3 and $3.50.
to. utk ui F sts, 1. 1 .
ON ACCOUNT O?
l-R EBUILDIN G-K
No. 8 I 4 Seventh Street Northwest,
M list be Disposed of.
Ilnvmirieasea tJioadjotninB premlioa.now oconpled by Tho Fair, wo will takopnn
oesslon about PE11RUARY 1. To oombluo tlie trrn atores Into one reciulros oxteiulru
Improvements, and we, navo to mane room
euro Jlllliupry anq wraps tit ii uu luvir iusi.
our Great Clearlne sale. Don't miss It
Colored Folt Hnls, In all tho
latest shapr Valid colors; tonne?
pilccn, TSc, SI, $t.?'i aud SI.Ma
uarlci.tft. In all
ors, clieciB and
, clieokB and
:cd from $7
dnccd from S7,J3,80 and
rlien style, with cape; re
duced Irom 4. 83. $U aniUSr
Clearing Sale ITlco
styles, In checks and plaids,
extra fine (Utilities; reduced
from $7, S hurt 83 cieoritiR
Astrakan Capes, good qualities,
full IcnciLs, all sizes; former pilce,
Don't Miss This Great Opportunity.
KING'S PALACE, 814 7th St.
i;-ineinlicr. we lime no Itrnnoli Store, liosurotuat yonuroln lUXd'.N
I'AI.AO:. 811 71U SI. I. W. Store e-xtemln from 7tli to 8lh at.
CRAYON PORTRAIT FREE.
We give to ovory purchaser oi xi or
handsome Cm yon Portrait o youielf or
Sold With a Positive Guarantee to Cure Bright's Disease
of the Kidneys and All-Bladder Troubles.
A SURE CORE M
This Wonderful Water has-een .used successfully
during fever which follows La Gripped , -1 ' ''
J .1 iii
Send for Pamphlets of-Testimonials.
Sold by Air.Dr.uggjsts, i ; - .'',.-
Branch . Office : -48 PENNSYLVANIA- AVENUE.
E. H. POWELL, Manager.
, - r- , ,1 - .-".I -f-- , , -- .-.
" GRS STOVES, "
GAS HOT PLATES AND BOILEfiS.
Gas Boilers, $1.15 and $150,
HAKE TEA OR COFFEE IN 10 OR Id HIHUTES.
GAS' COOKING STOVES to cook for eight to
thjrtypeople. Just the stove for summer use, as the in
stant the cooking jsdoneuyou can extinguish the fire.
FOR KLE E3V THE
WASHINGTON GASLIGHT GOMP'Y,
413 Tenth Street Northwest.
K. Ki.'ht. Johnson. A. L. Jou.vso N,
OFFICES-ISO. F at. n. W.. 1515 7.li st. n. w.,
1112 9th 6t. n. w., 8d and K sts. n. w., 1710
I'a, are.n. w. and lOiMnt.n o.
DEALERS IN COAL. COKF. AND WOOU.
WASliraQTON, P. C.
MAIN OFFIOE-1203 F t. n. W.
Offlc?, WharTC8 and Railroad Yards Foot Qt
Folo'AgcntaXorsaloof WasWnston Ofts Co.'a
w,a,io f ir ck
C LEAR IN
lor tno winner,
Now Is vour ohanco to oc-
Every dollRr'c worth of i topic must ko lit
Ladlos'Seal I'lusli English
Walking Jackets, lined with
host, Quality, quilted satin,
elegantly finished, seal or
oamont, boll slcovos,
chamoln nocketi. Regular
prlco, 8H.. Clearing fialo
I.ndle' Real Plush Modjeska,
hct uijuHtr bell slceTos. hand,
feorool) quilted featln Using, loop
iiruaraents. Regular price,
Clearln g Sale Price
tniUe1 Ldridon Dyo
inches long.. real atal
J omntnenls. heat nual
JltJ- 'rrilllted Mining.
jicgmar price, ,
t leaving Srtle Trice
ladles' Seal 1'lUSh Coats,
three-quarter length, london
dye, boll Pleevost best, quality
quilted lining, chamois pock
ets, itedured from, sw.tsj and
5. Clearing Sale l'rlco
over a coupon, sixty ' which entitle you to a.
auv raomber of your tamlly, elegantly fr.Mued,
DYSPEPSIA OR HO PAY.
(Successor to Henry Lee's Sons),
l'ENN. AVBNUB N. W.,
Tiranrh oBlri. 403 Marvin id ave. . w.
4i Bl 40' or risht."
lllneml and Timber Lands for Salo.
T OT8 and ACHE PItOPEIlTY In UIsBtona
Jj dip, Norton and Bt. I'aul. In Wise ooun.
tr, and KuDpanon.ln Soott county, Virginia.
noiiuDi, uuamees anu nrm properir
bouRbt. solder Irated. Address Wro. A. It.
Hobcrtson. As 'llfeU.short."pLll",Y(U,,
JKObe rtsoa, Tjlf Moot (top, YbKW.
LI WIT ,
i 1. 1 . .j JJAlMllMftid'fttl'Ht.'i' 'I iw. "H"i