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THE WASHllNGTOiN (JIUTIO, MONDAY EVEHINC, APRIL 2H, 1890.
WASHINGTON OKI TIC COJH'ASY,
HALLF.T KIHIOIHN, PnntuENT.
9-113 D STREET NORTHWEST,
WASHINGTON, I). C.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
By mall (postage prepaid), l year $5 00
" " " 1 montli 60
Carriers In the city, linonlh 3S
913 B Street,
Washington, D. C
WASHINGTON, Al'HIL '-h, 1900.
Tho letter ofV. "W. llnwtborno, editor
of tho Jncksonvillo Timet- lTnion, to tho
President or tho United .States, presents
a Icw of public affairs which will make
nil good citizens grieve mid wbjch will
lend most partisans even to pause. The
charge -which is distinctly made, and
rondo in nn entliely responsible way, is
thnt the Federal comts in Floiida are
organized to convict. Citizens evade
tho process of the court because they
have no belief that they can obtain jus
tice there. As we understand it no moro
flagrant caEe could bo produced for ox
ccutivc attention than that which tho
editor of the Times- Union brings to the
notice of tho President.
What arc nil tho paraphernalia and
machinery of uoveiumcnt woith if a
citizen cannot be assured of a fair trial?
How can respect for the forms of law
be preserved if the accused knows that
beforo a tittle of evidence) has been
heard ho has already been convicted
and condemned ? The story that
families nio broken up nnd rendered
desolate by reason of oppression
under so-called leijal process of men
charged with political offenses, who
have to avoid their homes to escape ar
rest, is sufficiently enormous to nrouso
the attention of the whole country. If
the Federal courts in tho Southern
states are as corrupt as Jlr. Haw
thorne most earnestly declares them to
be, they will not evado tho censure or
good citizens; and if the Administration
sustains them without investigation it
will incur swift, natural and necessary
It is undcuiable that pailisanshiu in
our politics goes to too great a length
even in the oidinary channels. It is
fliscrcdilablc ttiat even whenii measure
lb repugnant to us we still vote for it
because tho party caucus has author
ized it. But such subserviency differs
in kind and degreo from that which
would corrupt the sources of justice,
would make tho administration of tho
law ft mockery, and would make tiic
citizen of n State a political pariah in
his own land.
si'KAKKit jii:i:ds si'isncir.
It is generally accepted as a danger
ous expedient for a man occupying so
rocponsUiln a- position as tho chair of
the Speaker of the House of Jfoprc
sentatlves to make a speech on general
politics such as that which Mr. Heed
made last week at Pittsburg. It was
not to be expected that Southern mem
licrs would pass it without comment,
and accordingly we learn through tho
Pittsburg Time that Congressman
Hemphill of South Carolina strongly I
objects, both to the matter and the '
motive of the speech.
There can bo no question in regard to
the fact that there is too much partisan
ship In our politics and this truth is
emphasi.ed when prominent officials
like Sir. Itccd show how thoroughly
nil their aims are devoted to their party
cause. "Whatever disturbs or destroys
the tenso of fairness in jcgard to tho
methods or motives of the officials who
are charged with tho duty of conduct
ing tho legislative work of the Govern
ment must have a tendency to impair
and weaken our whole representative
Tho design which tho Nbithein ma
jority manltcsts to take control of tho
entire machinery of Congressional
elections la evidently aimed at tho
South, and is intended to deprlvo tho
white people of that section of all
semblance of political power. It 1,
therefore, little to be wondered at that
Bouthirn lepresentatives should regard
Speaker Heed's utterances as Ilttlo sliort
J-'IIOUIIK ON rilKICDOM.
Fioudo won his reputation as the
historian of tho Tudor period in Kng
llsh hlstoiy. He was at once accounted
u brilliant writer, but an unreliable
historian. The man who wrote tho
story of tho reign of that cruel tyrant,
Henry YIII., In such a way as to
ignore its grossest details and to
fchow him a lover of liberty and of
virtue, may be justly regarded with
suspicion in all other literary ventures.
Mr. Froude's latest publication is a
letter to a gentleman of South (farolinu
who has recently written a biography
of an American planter or the old slave
days. 3Ir. Froudo thanks tho writer
for eivlnc so faithful a "picture of
what the gentlemen of tho South wero
able to be." This planter, It seems,
was a just and beneficent master, who
dill much good and piescnted a lluo
esampleof upright and dignified cltlcn-
That there wore such persons beforo
the war Is not disputed. That their
personal excellence as mastcisdid much
to palliate the atrocities of tho old slave
system Is also undeniable. But they
wero the exceptions not tho rule. They
simply escaped the degrading Influences
that tho slave system placed everywhere
around them. They could not bo classed
with tho hundred upon hundreds of
other masters who used their power In
hi) arbitrary and selfish manner.
Therefore whon Mr. Froudo writes
that "the day Is not far distant whon
the enthusiastic emancipationists of
your country and of mlno will bo
found not to have been tho truest
friends of the race of whom they be
lieved themselves to be the emanci
pators," liojUfjiw;, not only how thor
ougblv wrong man accustomed, to
In- k r.r testimony may be, but also
Lew warped and i Islctl a man may be
ii me who is simply looking for facts
to sustain his pieruiircivcd views.
In nil Mr. Froude's historical ucneral
l7Htions ho lias made tho mistake of
taking a special caio and reasoning
from It to a genera! conclusion. It Is
a common trick of sophistry to assumo
that special cases stand for general
facts. So whon Mr. Fioudo says that
"ficodom is a doubtful gift If It doos
not biing with it those qualities of
mind and chaiacter which alone can
make a wholesomo use of freedom" ho
simply begs the question. Tho wido
anl easy phiueology ho employs is
misleading if ho does not have direct
reference to the emancipated slaves of
If lie moans those, It may bo ad
mitted that alt the slaves of tho South
v. tie not fitted for freedom in all tho
i IKu'.s nnd functions which tho word
implies. But Mr Froudo must admit
tho possibility in human morals of a
legnant princlplo Tho principle In
this cae, no matter what Mr. Froudo's
instances may indicate, is that slavery
is baibnrlsm. Bondage is a monstrous
iniquity and freedom is a natural right,
restored In our country in obedience to
tLc demands of justice, 'morality and
Tin; nitA.ii. aov isknmkxt.
Many Indications have conic to tho
surface tending to show that tho Pro
visional Government of Brazil is not
veiy strongly entrenched in popular fa
vor. It has been the almost unanimous
experience of such governments to bo
discredited by tho very elements which
called them Into being, and it is moro
than probablo that tho now Brazilian
Go eminent made tho fatal mistake of
allowing too long a llmo to elapse be
tween Its usurpation of all the func
tions of administration and its popular
ratification by the pooplo. Such an In
teival is usually a hot-bed for the pro
duction of all sorts of cabals and con
spiracies. According to the latest advices, tho
authorities in Brazil arc acting un
wisely in suppressing intelligence.
When the facts In regard to any crisis
aro unknown, they are apt to bo
strangely oxaggeiatcd, and, in this way,
they become moro dangerous. Posters
have boon exhibited, showing the
wasteful manner in which Government
funds were being expended aud the
shameless way In which nepotism was
It seems to be agreed that the plebiscite
which is to determine tho future cm
stitution of tho future Hepublic of
Brazil will bo honestly carried out.
If so, the Provisional Government
will show its wisdom, if it has stored
away any of that always necessary
commodity, In giving the press tho
largest llbcity of utterance possible.
The immediate cJTect of such a policy
wculd bo to disclose at onco what Is
lurking in public thought, to strike out
fiom all consideration what is under
going investigation in the vestibules of
public opinion, and, perhaps, to destroy
tho germ idea which may have been
kept back for the restoration of the
Tin; uati; to indi.v.
Tho latest news is that tho Russians
have arrived at Herat, and whilo they
may not take possession, they arc so
near by that nothing can be done there
of which they v ill not have full cog
nizance nnd of which they will not bo
ready to take full advantage.
Herat is tho historic city of Afghan
istan. Its great earthworks are 250
feet thick at tho base and aro fitty feet
high. In the past It has been rcgardep
not only as Impregnable, but also as
unapproachable. But llusslan officers
know It Is nolthcr one nor tho other.
Year by year they have been construct
ing railways and roadways through
Central Asia until they have at length
brought up almost at the base of the
lenowned citadel, and Hussian officers
well know what shoit work Russian
aitilleiy would mako of tho placo.
"While Herat remains In Afghau con
trol, and whilo its Afghau masters re
main fiicndly with England, tho much
coveted city is held to be at onco tho
key and tho protection of India. But
ohcady English confidence In Afghan
prluces has begun to weaken, and tho
Muscovite is secretly but surely playing
his owu game.
He goes to Herat as a merchant and
trader, but commerce with him Is tho
foieiunner of a crusade. Soon his mer
chandise will include cannon nnd pow
der and ritles. They will win the peace
ful submission of the town, if that may
bo possible. If not, they will stir up
revolt. Revolt within and siego with
out will justify Russian occupation,
Then what will England do about the
key to India?
Russian commerce at Herat Is a delu
sion. Russian shopkeepers are tho
scouts of Russiau soldiers. It will only
tnko one or two years more to find tho
two greatest powers In the woild at each
other's throats fighting for tho richest
piizo In the cast.
JSI.SMAIll'K AN1 .SOCIAIilS.1I.
Bismarck puts himself on record as
being opposed to tho suppression of the
working men's demonstration on tho 1st
of May. He says, justly, It is their
right to show their strength if they
want to do so, and the only objection to
their manifestation of feeling should bo
made if the labor organization should
break Into disorder 111 oulcred or
misinformed socialists must always be
put down in tho interest of socletj'.
Antagonism between employer aud em
ployed Is a necessity of human progress.
Progress would cease if men became
satisfied. Content is posslblo only
under ono or other of two conditions
either where men nro slaves or where
munificent nature does not ask men to
Ho holds that it is true benovolenco
to shed the blood of a riotous minority
in defense of a law-abiding majority.
The first requisite In a government Is
energy. Tho firmness of the ruling
power is a guarantee of peace both at
home and abroad. A government
which retains Its authority by conces
sions paves the way for further yield
ing, and by so doing In etfoet abdicates
Tho demonstrations of May day will
be awaited with tho greatest interest
and or the cake of working men and In
furtherance of all iho beneficent move
incnts in wl leh they are concerned it Is
to be hoped lliny will pass without tur
bulence or wrong-doing.
Till; 1H8.UTHIIH THIS MiAU on the
MlFslnslppI have served to show conclu
sively the Insufficiency of the leveo sys
tem. Tho plan to which attention will
be Inevitably called Is known as tho out
let system. Tho waters of tho groit
sticatn must bo furnished with a natural
vent. This Is a question that will re
ceive moro serious attention than it has
cer received befoie.
It wim. not in: dented that General
Grant was tio true friend of tho soldier
of tho Into war. But General Grant
Insisted that no able bodied soldier
fhould bo n Government pensioner,
Alnsl In these latter days lnen, with
less nuthorlty than General Grant, aie
Evi;n iiik vniuu of r.tco seens ti Vo.
dying out of the Indians. A couplo of
years ago a Sioux buck so far forgot him
self as to marry n reservation teacher,
and now n Sioux belle has jilted her
Indian lover and adopted tho undivided
skirt for a white man.
At last Enuland begins to compre
hend that Germany Is over-reaching her
In Africa. Accordingly Sir Francis
do "Wlnton goes out to tako charge of
3:ngli6h affairs. Tho feeling Is that
Major Wlssnmnn must bo checkmated.
Accormno to the Philadelphia
Jtecurd Congressman Cumtnings of
New York has made himself solid with
tho barbers of tho Capitol, and it Is an
ticipated that his " noxtl" will bo both
halcyon and vociferous.
Tun woitST pun which wo have seen
for a long time is that about tho Lowell
plasterers, which say that thoy aro do
demanding an advance of wages and
that it will bo hod if thoy don't get It.
The German Emperor says ho Is
determined to have peace. The Ger
man Emperors have been mostly built
that way. Thoy would have peace if
thoy had to fight for It.
A contemporary suggests that if
tho new silver bill passes there will be
no room left In "Washington except for
that and tho office-holders.
It is becausi; silence Is' goUcn that
there is now so much talk In Congress
Mr. Charles R. Kincald, the well
known Washinuton newspaper corres
pondent who kill ex-Congrescman
Taulbee of Kentucky, has gone to
Mis. Jcanette R. Bell, who has been
perfecting her art studios in this city,
will return to her homo in Trinidad,
Col., the latter part of this week.
Among the paintings executed by Mrs.
Bell is'n very fine copy of "Charlotte
Corday," taken from the ono In tho Cor
coran "Art Gallery. Tho copy by Mrs.
Bell has been highly praised by thoso
competent to judge. Sho received a
handsome offer for the picture, but de
clined to sell it.
Mr. Georgo A. Parker, tho well
known Washington theatrical property
man, originated the see-8uw first part
which is becoming so popular on tho
vaudcvlllo static. The effect of nu
merous pretty girls see-sawing with
musical accompaniments is picturesque
anu novel in tne extreme.
Bismarck will go to Vienna about
liny 1 to take sulphur baths.
Professor Arthur S. Hardy of Dart
mouth College will start for Japan tho
middle of June, to be absent about threo
A Norwegian sailor named Sundswall
Is a Hon of London society just now.
Ho navigated a small boat from Chrlstl
nnla In Norway to tho Thames, slnele-
handed, and thinks of continuing hl3
cruise to the United States.
Colonel Daniel S. Lamont is said to
be getting rich at a rapid rate. lie Is
Interested In several largo financial en
terprises. Ten years ago ho was tho
Legislative reporter. Ho owes every
thine to "Cleveland and reform."
I'rofessor C. M. Bacho of tho U. S.
Coast Survey still remains dangerously
111 at San Francisco. His physicians
gives little hope of his recovery. Mr.
Bacho Is a great grandson of Benjamin
Walt Whitman is In fahly good
health. A few evenings ago he ad
dressed tho Contemporary Club of Phil
adelphia on tho death of Abraham Lin
coln. Ho called Lincoln "tho first great
martyr of his raco." The venerable
poet's voice was distinct and strong and
his fare showed no indication of dis
ease. Governor Hill of Now York has pro
vented tho marriago of a girl in
Elmira to his nephew, who, he says, Is
not able to support a wife.
Lyman Trumbull, ex-Governor, ox
Secretary of State, ex-Supremo Judge,
ex-mcniber of Congress and ox-United
States Senator, Is still practicing law In
Chicago at tho age of 77. Ho is in
good health and his legal ability is as
great as ever.
James Anthony Froudo Is 72.
Professor Thomas Ycatman.who died
at tho closo of March nt Neuilly, Paris,
Franco, was ono of tho leading mem
bers of tho American colony in the
French capital. lie was at the head of
a largo school, to which many ladles
fiom the highest English and American
social circles were sent for education.
Pero Hyacintho preached a remarkably
eloquent and pathetic sermon at his
funeral. Tho institution which ho and
his wife built up with so much caro
until it is one of the first of its kind on
the Continent, is to bo continued by tho
widow, an educator of raro talent and
Prince Bismarck sneaks English with
a German accent and a rather old-fash,
loned pronunciation, but his mastery of
the language lscomplcto and his knowl
edge of its literature Is very great.
Chauncey Depew is G7 years old.
KISSINO THE ROD.
Oh, heart of mine, we shouldn't
Worry so I
What we've missed of calm we couldn't
Have, joti know!
Wliat vt o'vo met of stormy pain
And of sorrow's driving rain
We can better meet ai'ulu
If it blow,
Wo have erred In that dark hour
Wo have known.
When our tears foil With the shower,
Were not slitne and shadow blent
As the gracious Master meant 1
Let us temper our content
With Ills own.
For, we kuow, not every inoirow
Cun lie sail;
So, forgetting nil tho sorrow
Let us fold awjy our cars
And put by our. foolish tear, i
And through all the coming years
Just be glad.
J'VM) Whttcoml Wiry.
THE SOUL WORLD.
Mrs. Hnirlson, accompanied by Mrs,
JIcKte, dri vo to Georgetown yesterday
and attended strvleo at tho P-Strcot
Pitsbytorh.il Church, of which tho
pastor, Dr. Fullerton, Is nn old class
mate of the President.
Mrs. Harrison and Mrs. MeKeo have
in contemplation a visit to Atlantic
City or Capo May previous to taking
poeslou of their Doer Park cottngo
Tho Diplomatic Corps havo pur
chased as their wedding present for
Miss Margaret Blaitio a magnificent
silver tea service, which is now ' being
appropriately engraved. Miss Blaine's
lnnrilagc will tako plitifo as already
staled, Sunday, May 17, at tho resi
dence of tho Secretary of State, and
after the largo reception, which will
follow tho ceremony, Mr. Damroseh
will tako his brido to Baltimore, where
they will spend several days or a week
at tho residence of Mr. and Mri. Em
mons Blaine, who will loan It to them
for tho honeymoon.
Mr. and Mrs. Montufar of Guatemala
havo been spending several days In the
city, on their way to Mexico, where the
former has been appointed secretary of
legation. Mr. Montufar was formerly
chargo d'affaires from Guatemala to
Mrs. Alexia, wife of Gcnoral Mcxlaof
Mexico, Is in tho city, visiting friends
on Capitol Hill.
Tho grand vocal concert to bo given
this evening at Lincoln Music Hall for
tho benefit of tho Homo for Incurables
promises to bo an event of uu'usual en
joyment, socially nnd artistically.
Mr. Daniel Hagncr Thomas loft tho
city last evening for Now York, from
where ho will sail to-morrow with En
gineer Menocal for Nicaragua.
Miss Lou Tennoy, who has been
living in Minnesota for several years
past, Is now in tho city for a visit to
her brotner, Mr. Robert Tcnney, at his
homo on Q street.
Ex-Secretary and Mrs. Whitney nro
contemplating spending tho early por
tion of the season abroad, and upon
their return will occupy tho cottage at
Newport, leased last season by Mr. Isaac
The marriage of Miss Leila Jesse
Cropp of Pppcr Norwood, Surrey,
Encland, to Mr. James Carroll Frazicr
of Marlinsburg, W. Va., will tako
placo at St. John's Church Wednes
day, May 7. Rev. Dr. Douglas will
Mrs. Augustus Jackson of Phila
delphia is spending tho week In the
city as tho guest of Dr. and Mrs. John
Miss' Nellie Williams has gone to
Montana to spend the summer with
Mm. George A. Coolidgo has issued
invitations for a nursery tea from
to 0 o'clock on the afternoon of Mon
day, May 5, at 1717 Twenty-first
An enjoyable inaugural recital by
Professor .lames Caultield, assisted by
Mrs.Zn.ldeo It. Smith and Miss Dirks, was
given Fiiday evenlnc at tho Presbyter! m
Church, Georgetown, on the new organ
built by Wilson S. Ridley, 0207 M
street northwest. The following pro
gramme was lendcrcd: 1. u Andante,
Petrio; b Air and vaiialions, Hesse. 3.
Alia, (Lcs Hugonot) Mcverbcer, Mrs,
Zaideo It, Smith. 0. a Velllcurs des
Nuit, Wcly; b Fixed in His Everlast
ing Scat, Handel. 4. Jerusalem, Gou
nod,. Miss Birks. r. Harmonious
Blacksmith, Handel. 0. Sonata in F,
Mendelssohn. 7. Echo Song, Allen,
Mrs. Zaldco R. Smith. 8. a Slumber
Song, Schumanj ft Last Hope, Gotts
chall:. 0. Hallelujah (Messiah) Han
del. Especial praise Is due to tho fin
ished manner In which Miss Mary
Dashiell played tho various organ ac.
II A It IKS FOlt II A IT.
A Novel TCiiy Tor Mothers Jtd Make
i'l om the Ceylon Messenuer.
If mothers In general shared the
ncive exhibited by mothers in Ceylon
trouble would bo spared in many a
household. "Babies wanted for croco
dile bait. Will bo returned alive." If
newspapers abounded in Ceylon as
much as crocodiles do advertisements
like the foregoing would bo common-in
their want columns.
As it is, the English crocodile hunter
has to secure his baby by personal
solicitation. He is often successful,
for Ceylon parents, as a rule, have un
bounded confidence in tho hunters, aud
will rent their babies out to be used as
crocodile bait for a small considera
tion. Ceylon crocodiles suffer greatly
from ennui; they prefer to Ho quite
still, soothed by the sun's glittering
lays, and while away their lazy lives
in meditation, nut when a uanc-orown
infant, with curling toes, sits on a bank
nnd blinks at them, thoy throw off their
cloak of laziness and make their
preparations for a delicate morsel of
When tho crocodilo gets about half
way up the bank the hunter, concealed
behind some reeds, opens fire, and tho
hungry crocodile has his appetite and
life taken away at tho same time, the
baby being brought home safely to its
loving mamma. The spoilsman secures
the skin and head of tho crocodile, and
tho rest of tho carcass the natives make
Should Have Callcil Him Dare,
The story goes that as one of Gov
eruor Hill's secretaries was walking
through one of the corridors of the Al
bany Capitol tho other day, a messen
ger boy, looking for something ho
could not find, asked him: "Say,
mister, d' you- know anyono in this
buildln' named Hill 1). B. Hill?"
"Well, yes, rather. AVhat of him?"
"Why, Pvo got or dispatch for him,
an' I've been nlookiu' all over for htm,
an' I can't find nobody what kuows
who ho is!"
The Orlirln of Vunilnltit,
Fiom the 1'MleuleliMa Vieti.
In the eood old BIblo times the cut
ting off of Samson's hair brought great
tribulation upon the dwellers in Oath
and in tho land of Askolon, but down
In Kentucky, It seems, tho bloody
Howard -Tinner feud originated in tho
burning off of tho snaky locks of ono
of tho mountaineers during a night of
joviality. As a tonsorlal accessory fire
is not quite the thing, and tho Ken
tucky backwoodsmen evidently believe
tho best hair-cut is to bo obtained by
using a tin basin and sheep shears.
A -loli l.nt of Sermong,
Fiom the VUtiluia PUimtch.
The negroes of Mucon nro preparing
to attend a large excursion to Milledge
vlllo this week. The object of this is
to hold a rollglous meeting, and a num
ber of cobrcd ministcis will bo present
to picaeh, collectively, tho funerals of
all tho negio Inmates of tho insano asy
lum who havo died during tho past
year. It is expected that at least 1,000
negroes will attend from Macon.
IC A. ), Nicht at the .National.
The members of tho Columbia Ath
letic Club will attend tho Now National
Theatro this evening iu a body to wit
ness Hub. Smith's latest effoit, "Swing
ing In tho Grapevine Swing," which
tho comedians, Donnelly and Glrard,
havo Intrbtlticed In "Natural Gas,"
FItKU. UltAYVFOttn IJIU IT. !
Hint I, Ho Wroln tlio Celebrated
Tho interview with ox-Prosidont
Cleveland published recently In the
Kvw York World, in which Mr. Clove-
land was mado to speak of Editor Dana
of tho Sua ns a "scnllo liar" afflicted
with "mental paresis," and in answer
to which Editor Dana characterized the
t'x-Froslduit B3 "tho stuffed prophet of
William street," is still n subject of
comment nnd controversy. The World
on tho following Sunday (yesterday
weok) practically declared in Us cdl
lorlal columns that tho Interview was a
crossly Incorrect, If not a wholly fraudu
lent publication. Since then tho Sun
hns made au independent Investigation
of the interview nnd declares Itself
hnllfdcd that tho report printed In tho
11'orM failed to exhibit tho laugiugo em
ployed bv Mr. Cleveland In tho full meas
ure of Its violence, Its almost inconceivable)
grosses and Its unpilntablo profanity.
It has been learned that the Interview
was prepared by Mr. Fied. Crawford,
well know In this city as a correspond
ent. Ho has been with tho World for
some years. Mr. Crawford is a careful,
accurate, painstaking and conscientious
newspaper man. Tho fact that ho had
the interview with tho ex-Prcsldent and
wrote it out is proof posltivo to all who
know him that It Is substantially accu
rato and correct, and the ox-Prcsidcnt
was neither misrepresented nor mis
quoted. When tho World attempted to dis
avow the Intcivlew and censure the re
porter, Mr. Crawford promptly handed
in his resignation. The HwW refused
to accept It, thereby indorsing'him and
Last Saturday alcadins correspond
cnt, writing from tho Press Gallery of
tho Houso of Representatives, sent a
letter to Mr. Crawford, assuring him
that every correspondent here who
know him believed in his truth aud
Tho truth is doubtless that Mr.
Cleveland Indulged In tho sevoro lan
guage attributed" to him; that Mr. Craw
ford reported him faithfully1, that his
city editor, Intent only on making a
sensation, printed the report as writ
ten. The sensation proved to bo much
greater than ho had anticipated, and
the attempt was made to thrust tho
burden of the ll'brW sin upon tho re
porter's shoulders; tho city editor
lacked judgment, and the editor-in-chief
was wanting (n sand.
In tho meantime tho only one who
will come out of the affair unscathed Is
Mr. Fred. Crawford. .
TTIint This Cuntojn l,ml to In the llrlt
Fiom Chambers' Jonrnal.
The system of "franking" letters In
England In the high-postage days led
to an appalling abuse of that privilege,
which belonged to peers and memos s
of tho House of Commons. It was no
doubt originally allowed to en iblo
members to correspond with tholr con
stituents, but, under the circumstances,
it is, perhaps, not smpiisins that thu
plan soon became abused and was ulti
mately used to cover all kinds of cor
respondence, not only members', but
other people's as well. At one time,
Indeed, all sorts of curious packages
passed free under tho franking priv
ilege, such as dogs, a cow, parcels of
lace, bales of stockings, Uoxes of medi
cines, Hitches of bacon, etc. Some
times, indeed, franked covers wero
actually sold, and thoy have been
known to be given in lieu of wages to
servants, who speedily converted them
Into ready money.
This abuse, taken together with tho
Illicit traffic in letters, so openly and
widely carried on, formed, of course,
a most important argument in favor of
tho proposals for cheap postage -formulated
by Rowland Hill, and no doubt
did much lo damage tho cause of his
opponents. But there is one other
abuse to which Londoners wero sub
jected which may just bo mentioned.
At that time the two-penny post was
in operation in the English metropolis,
and would have faiily served tho In
habitants In postal matters If it had not
been for the practice which oxistcd ot
allowing commercial houses and other
firms who wero willing to pay for the
privilege to havo thslr letters
picked out from tho general
heap and delivered by special postmen,
and so enable them to get thotr corre
spondence an hour earlier than those
who did not pay tho "quartcrago," as It
wus termed, of llvu shillings por quarter,
and which, it appeals, went Into tho
pockets of tho postmen concerned, many
of whom wo ore told, aud it can easily
be understood, thus made incomes of
from !J00 to -100 n year. However
beneficial such a system was to com
merce and trade In London, it operated
must unfairly on ordinary correspond
ents, and it was certainly not tho least
of tho evils which the Introduction of
penny postage swept away.
Thcio is dissatisfaction in Cuba.
People are leaving the island for South
Ameiicu. High taxes have caused
400,000 farms to bo seized. It costs
$14,000,000 a year to support tho
military and naval establishment, nnd
Cuba toots tho bill. Naturallv annexa
tion to the United States Is favored by
many, and some of tho newspapers aie
discussing the matter. Tho govern
ment journals in Spain protest against
the agitation of tho question and urgo
tho authorities to strangle tho move
ment beforo It becomes formidable.
Unless a change takes placo tho bettor
class of Cubans will soon emigrate to
other countries. They arc tired of be
ing plundered by Spain.
THE PETTY HUMORISTS.
The trees are tho ballet girls of spring;
Their ago Is u hundred or less;
Their 111-clml limbs thoy upward lllug,
And tho leavei aro their eeanty dress.
""Well, I got there'" exclaimed. Jay
smith, announcing a recent success.
"Yes; with all four foot," replied
"I am very much put out about this
matter," suld my young friend who had
just been shown the door by tho father
of a pretty young maiden, 'Wat Shore.
"Theie's a good deal to bo seen in this
direction, too," said tho young man to
his lady friend, Tho speaker was In tho
particular direction to which ho re
ferred. Wat Shore,
Respectable Book Agent (to a snap
pish , lady) Does Jlrs. K. live here?
Snappish J.ndy No, sli? She doesn't!
Book Agent Yes; well, does anyono
llvo here! (Tho door closes with a
slam.) HVsf shore.
"I have one last request to make,"
rcmnikcd the trout, as tho fisherman
carryfully removed tho hook. "Name
it," said tho fisherman. "It Is that you
will not refer to me as a 'speckled
beauty.' " Mac York Sun.
llagley What a dcllciously sweet
faco tiio head artist of the company hasl
They toll me that she enjoys an enor
mous salary and that her husband
enfoys life without an e.xortlon.-
IlatloyYes, her face la his, fortune.-"
A. M1NNDSOTV StAN.
lib Hits arrivf llntilil us to tho Ilonth
hromlhr sr. J'au' J'tonttr J'rtti.
Tho periodical levlvnl of tho story
that John Wilkes Booth was not killed
by Boston Coibelt illustrates ono thing
satisfactorily. Tho story of his death
Is not sufficiently authenticated to bar
uoum. in ract. the first scintilla ot evi
dence that would bo admitted by any
court In the hind has not been adduced
conccrnlne this mysterious easo. There
nie no public records of tho assassin's
death, Identification or burial. Sift tho
city of Washington from end to end,
and not n scrap of Indisputable testi
mony will bu found definitely proving
thnt the actor, John Wilkes Booth, wao
shot to death by Boston Corbctt,
bi ou ghl to Washington, Identified by
nersonol acquaintances, or burled in
around, sunk In water, cremated, or fed
to tho fowls of tho air. Everything
connected with tho affair, from tho
tlmo of tho assassination up to the
formal dispatch sent broadcast through
the country that Booth had boon Identi
fied, Is mysterious, shadowy, indefinite.
Who has yet como forward to Identify
tho Identifier? Logically, the story that
Booth was not killed in the burning
barn Is supported by better arguments
arguments that havo withstood solf-ln-tcrcstcd
attacks for twenty-flvo years
than Is tho unsupported assortlonof ono
man, a physician, sectctly conducted
Into tho presence of a dead body for a
set puiposo, and that pttrposo tho
Identification of ninan with a Govern
ment lcwnrd of $100,000 on his head.
On tho night of Abraham Lincoln's
assassination, April 11, 1805, I was in
Washington. My regiment, the First
Michigan Cnvahy, was lying out at
Bladensburtr. tho famous old-tlmo duel
ing ground of Congressmen. The deed
was committed, I think, dining the
first net of "Our American Cousin" in
Ford's Theatre. By midnight the city
was wild with excitement, and rumors
wero flying to thw effect that the cntiro
Cabinet had been slaughtered tho ad
ministration wiped out. I arrived at
Bladensburg about daylight on tho
morning of tho 15th, and was immedi
ately detailed, with a portion of my
company, as a pursuing squad to hunt
Booth and such other conspirators as
might havo escaped with him. Two
other squads wero dispatched in other
directions. A description of out ad
ventures would bo useless, as we did
not happen to light upon any of tho
conspirators. We camped ono night
upon the farm of Dr. Mudd, who "tit
tended to Booth's ankle, which was,
undoubtedly, injured in jumping from
the proscenium box and struggling with
Colonel Rathbonc. But after a num
ber of days had elapsed tho squad
containing Boston Corbott did find
Harold and a man supposed to bo
a conspirator concealed In n barn. Not
a man In tho party knew tho actor.
In other words, a hunting party left
Washington in the dead of night in
nursuit of a man personally unknown to
ony one of them, with Instructions to
bring in John Wilkes Booth, dead or
alive, and receive a portion of tho re
ward of $ 100,000. At least thoso wero
our Instructions, aud I havo no reason
tobclloo that Colonel Baker's wero
different. This was the situation for
nearly two weeks. At last n man was
killed in a burning barn by Boston Cor
bctt. And now, after the lapse of
twenty-flvo yeais, the testimony of the
soldier who shot this alleged Booth Is
utterly valueless. It appeared to be a
case of kill a man first nnd Identify him
afterward. The men In Boston Cor
belt's squad told mo afterward that the
alleged Booth could have been captured
allvo. Ho offered, thoy said, to surren
der. Coibelt himself has ever been reti
cent as to who ordered him to
shoot. No personal friends were
allowed to view the remains. People"
who had seen Booth net wero denied
thai privilege. Everything was con
ducted with unseemly secrecy, not at
all In consonance with the world-wide
notoriety of the crime. And now
Louise Worcester of Birmingham,
Ala., comes forward and says that two
years after Booth's supposed death she
received a letter from him without date
or signature, but in tho samo hand
writing as others In her possession
which come from the actor before his
Thcro is no inducement, apparently,
for Miss Wotcestcr to prevaricate. But
her theory was indoiscd by thousands
of men in tho Army of tho Potomac in
1805, aud Is now by hundreds of silver
veterans of Sheridan's cavalry corps
who were on tho ground at tho time. I
bcliove John Wilkes Booth was not
killed by Boston Corbett.
That Tired Feeling
Debility and prostration wliloh follows
Iai Grippe or tlio Influenza
la tho most dangerous stago of tho dlsoaso,
because In tlio weakened condition of tho
body and the decline of health tone, tho sys
tem Is very susceptible to relaino, pneu
monia or typhoid foyer. To ovci como that
'tired feellDB tako
The best totilo and blood purifier. It gives
strength aud vigor to tho whole body, re
stores and sharpens tno appetlto.
'I can't begin to tell all tho good Hood's
Sareaparllla did mo. My pains and aohes nro
rolleved.my appetite Improved, nad I re
alized haw mueo good n slnglo bottlo ot
Hood's Sarsaparllla would do mo I would
gladly havo paid ten dollals for It. I iay to
others who need a cond.medlclnc, try nood'a
Sarsaparllla and sco " George F. Jackmjn,
Itoxbary Station, Conn.
KcnentHl My Grip
"Hood's Sarsaparllla has renewed my grip.
I am US years of age nnd was all ran down
and dlscouiaged. I havo tuken Hood's Sar
saparllla and on looking mysolf over find that
I am much better; Iu fact, quite a chap. Ot
course the medicine- will not discount my
years, but It comon nearer to It than anything
olse." Chas, 11, Lo.s-o, Shrewsbury, Mass.
Sold hy all druggists. SI; six for $3. Pro
pared by O. I. HOOD CO., Lowell. Mass.
100 Dovci Olio Dollar
1. W. GET Bi; & CO.
Call attention to their stock
of Watches, comprising all
the most desirable movements
and styles of casing, from the
lozvest price for which a re
liable time-keeper can be
bought to the most cxpensire.
These watches bear our
firm name and are fully
' American W a It ha m
Watches of all grades
COJIMIHSIONKU OP DEKIJB.
B. BUNDY, COJI'H OFDBKDS FO ALL
Hutes nd Territories, M La, avc, opp,
MR. T. E. ROESSLE,
Wasiiixoton, D. C
March 0, 1800.
My Deah Dn. Lightium.:
It gives mo great pleasure to state
that you effected a remarkable cure of
deafness and discharge from the cars In
tho case of my cousin, Marcus O.
Rocssle, and that tho cure has proved as
permanent as it was radical. I feel suro
that without your skillful aid my cousin
would havo been a deaf man all his
life. Knowing of other cases In which
you havo been equally successful, I
cheerfully gWo you leave to refer to ino
at any time, aud liopo that your prac
tice In Washington will prove a distin
Yours, truly, T. E: Roussr.K.
DR. LIGnTHILL can bo consulted
on Deafness, Catarrh, Asthma and
Diseases of the Throat and Lungs at
No, 101 Fifteenth Street Northwest.
Ileidics pass the door.
Office hours from 8 to 12 and 3 to 5.
WOODWARD & LOTnitOP,
Corner 11th and Fsts. n. w.
We have just received the
following extraordinary fine
values in White Goods:
100 pieces Sheer quality India Llnon.ouly
12lo per yard.
Apronetto Lawns, with laco-work borders,
10 Inches wide, only 12io per yard.
Imported Swiss Lawn, -13 Inches wide, only
S5o per yard.
Imported Hemstitched Fronch Lawn, -U, 13
and 40 Inches wide, SS, 40 and 50o per yard.
FIno Sheer FrenchLtnen Figured Lawns, hi
attractive and exquisite designs and color
ings, only 40o per yard,
SIIIHTS TO ORDER.
It Is bad policy to wait until
mid-summer to have these
goods made up, as tho assort
ments are low and our work
rooms usually crowdod. Tho
best tlmo Is now while tho
stock of patterns Is at Us best
and whilo tho force Is not so
bus.y, as you get a better selec
tion and rccelro bettor atten
tion. Wo aro making to order
Flannel Shirts, Madras Shirts,
Oxford Shirts, White 'Dress
Shirts aud every conceivable
kind of Outing or Negllgo
Men's Department, first floor,
Cor. 11th wl 1? Sts. I f .
nnoWcehl.,viiT i.i S.Jw'., S4t
llcturii of the I'avorlfc comedian,
Donnelly and Girard,
In I he JnwsliInK Siicccs?,
llrlRlitor, Hotter tmd Funn'er than Ever.
Kvor j tliln k New. K v or y thing BrlRUt
Domiollj and oiraed' Latest Specialty,
swiNoma m tub orai-evinb swing,
ny nan. T. smith.
Dr'illcatcil to the "id Guard of the Veteran
i ornof ttils nlittrlct.
KcxtWeok MAI'DE Git AND in.
LDAUr.irs GK ND riPJEKA-UOUSE.
8d Wi-ok of the Sprinc Season.
flrnrral Adrtii'-'loii ......ffiio
3teerved Hmt Wand Too
CARLETON OPERA COMPil
In Other's Comedy Opera,
Which fimROO nlgMs In Loudon.
KcxtWtwk TUB MIKADO."
"T T AIUIIH' BIJOU TIIHATHK.
Wcok Commrnelne MONDAY, AIT.JL 2S.
Matinees 7 nesiluy, Thursday and Saturday.
II. Illdcr IIiLt'irard'n Illff
Tlin jllRnest.Mnpt TVxpenMvo
mid Dazzling spectacle ever
ecu nt, tills tlieatic
oxt WcoU-LUTLK NUflOKTT.
In a Tcn-rnuud umsll Ulove Contest at
LANNOU'8 OPi:ilA HOUSE, ALBXANDUIA,
WEDNESDAY BVKNINO, API1IL 30.
Train leavos blxth Plref t station at 8 o'clouk.
Itctuni" ivt 10:30 sharp.
Admission, nailery OCc. Resorvod Seats $I.B0.
KEIITIAN'S HKW WASHINGTON TIIEA
THE. nth bt. , eoatli of renna. avo.
Ladles' list meet Tac3.,Thars. and Sat.
Tlrst Appearance of the
Great Metropolitan Specialty Co,
"Tho Best. Variety Show this Scaon".W
FA. AVE., NEAH 11TII ST
Slonday, April 26, and durlngltho week.
European Novelty Co.
JTatlnces, Monday, Wednesday, Friday und
Saturday. Admission nt night, 10, SO, 80 anil
CCc. Wbtlnci s, 10, 20 and 3c.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
COURSE AT 11ENNIKGS.
Wednesday, April 30.
Thursday, May 1.
Friday, May 2.
3.C0 Class, Trotting Purse, S .50
2:i!3Clo?s, Pacing Purse, WO
2.S0 Class, Trotting . Ptusc, MK
2:23 Class, Trotting
2.2-5 Clas, Trotting
2:37 Clats, Trotting ;..
2-37 Class, Trotting
2.30 Class, Pae!ng...i
2:20 Class, Trotting Fur-c. $500
2:17 Class, Facing Purse, 500
The maungoment takes pleasure in announ
cing that 67 entries have been mado of cele
brated trotters and pacers from New York,
Philadelphia, Chicago, New Orleans, Balti
more, Columbia, H. C , and other places, and
that tho best of sport is promised.
Admission to Grounds, Grand Stand and
Pool Lawn, SI.
Races begin prompt'y at 8 p. m.
Trains leave B & 1', dopDt at 12:03 and 1:30
No Improper obaroi'turt admitted!
K. M. DRANHY, President.
ROBT. E. MORRIS. Secretary. apJ3,3t
T 1NCOLN MUSIC HALL.
Wednesday evening, April .00,
iy i no
Boston Spplioiiy Orchestra
Mil. LEO NClim.TZ, Violoncello,'
And tho Distinguished Prima Donna Soprano,
Etoyai Opera, Lcipsic,
whore she wag associated with Mr. Klklmili.
BRILLIANT PROGRAMME. Madamo Jans
will sine Aria from ''Dcr Prelsohntz" and
Bongs with piano.'acoompanted by Mr. Nlklsoh
Resorved seats, 81, 81.60, at J. V. Ellis
Co.'s, 1)37 Pa. avo. Burdltt & North, JIanaxers
TITUSIC ALL DAY
At tho Warcrooms of Mr. E. F, DROOP, !
I'n. avo. Classical, operatic and popular se
lections aro rendered In perfect imitation of
nn orchestra on tho wonderful
Tour visit to see thin, instrument will bo os
teemed a favor, and we assure you that It
will bo both pleasant and profitable. With
an Aeolian In yonr house you can enjoy a
Wagner, Italian or Light Opera whenever
you feel fo dlsposod.
Mlf. DROOP also wishes to call attention
to his largo lino cf flist-clas) Pianos and
Organs, including tho makes of Stolnway,
Chase, Gabler, Brlggs, eto.
mHE NORWOOD INSTITUTE.
Extract from a private letter:
"In reply to your request for my advice aa
to a good school for your daughter, I can
with confidence recommend Mr. aad Mrs.
Cabell's Norwood Institute, in Washington.
D. C, Tho standard of scholarship there Is
high, tho Instruction thorough and the Influ
ences good. L. Q. O. Lasiah,
Justlco U. S. Supreme Court."
Tho school opens Soot.80. au2WAstf
MONEY TO LOAN.
SC. HILL, REAL ESTATE AND LOANS.
. Bargains In all parts of tho city. Llfo
and Fire Insurance Corner Stli and F sts
n w, Lo Droit Building.
TITONEYTOLOANONREAL ESTATE OR
ilX nrst-class securities at lowest rates ot
mterost. No delay where security Is good.
O. O. GREEN,
MONEY TO LOAN ON GOOD SECURITY.
TITLE CO.. 470 La avo.
IN ALL SUMS,
TO LOAN ON REAL ESTATE SECURITY,
AT 5 AND 8 TEH CENT.
M, M. PARKER,
1418 F St.
INSTALLMENT WANS-WE ARE Au
thorized by tho United Security Life In
surance and Trust Company of Philadelphia
to advance money 'on Improved property in
Washington up to 75 per cent, of actual mar
ket value, with or without life insurance.
Loans payable In monthly or quarterly In
stallments, running 5, 10, 15 or 20 years. In
many Instances the payments are less than
tho rental of a house. V. H. SMITH & SON,
1223 F at U W.
MONEY TO LOAN
In sums to suit
On Approved Real Estate Security.
IB. U. WARNER A CO.,
910 V Bt. n. W.
j willlamlbb' '"'"""
(Suocesaor to' Henry Lee's Sons),
332 PENN. AVENUE N. W.,
Branch offlco, 403 Maryland ore. t, w.