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HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNAWED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN.
CHARLES E. PAINTER, Editor. STEPHENS CITY, FREDERICK CO., VA., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1881. VOL. 1.-NO. 14.
-1781 YORKTOWN 18811
The Monument to be Erected
Upon tbe Field of Battle.
THE DEHK.NH AND INKfIttPTIONX.
A Cut Showing All of its Propor
. OKDKIi* TO mi! Tit OOP*.
PROGRAM OF THE CELEBRATION.
The commission of artists, as provid
ed by the act of June 7, 1880, was ap
pointed by the Secretary of War, in let
ters dated July 22, 1880, and consisted
of R. M. Hunt; of New York; J. Q. A.
■ Ward, of New York, and Henry Van
Brunt, of Boston. The commission, in
submitting the design and model, which
has been accepted by the Secretary of
War and the commission of Congress,
and which will be the form of tho col
umn to be erected at Yorktown, rc
"Fn'.m the point of view of sentiment,
this mouument is intended to convey,
in architectural language, the idea set
forth in the dedicatory inscription, that
by the victory at Yorktown tho inde
pendence of the United States of
America was achieved, or brought to
"The four sides of the base contain :
Ii inscription dedicating the
at as . memorial of the victory;
in inscription presenting a suc
rative of the siege, prepared in
cc with tho original archives
epat tment of State ; third, the
f* alliance with the King of
nnd fourth, tho treaty of peace
King of England. In the ped
yer these four sides respectjve
esented, carved iv relief: First,
of nationality; socoud, em
war ; third, emblems of the
; and fourth, emblems of peace,
jase is thus devoted to the his
atemtnt; it explains the sub
incidents of the monumenta 1 .
:ion, which are intended solely
al to the imagination. The
te result of the historical
ritton upon the base was the
tablishment of a national union
en youthful, free and indepen
tes. To celebrate this joyful
union the sculptor has represented
upon the circular podium which arises
from the base a solemn danco of thir
teen typical female figures, hand in
hand, encircling the drum, which bears
upon a belt beneath their feet the
words, 'One country, on«i constitution,
one destiny.' It is" a symbol of the
birth of freedom. -
"The column which springs from this
podium may be accepted'as the symbol
of the greatness and prosperity of the
nation after a century of varied expe
rience, when thirty-eight free and inde
pendent states are shining together in
mighty constellation. It is the trium
phant sign of the fulfilmont of the
promise—an expression of the strength
and beauty of the Union; hut the pow
lion does not forget the remote
g of its prosperity, aud in the
its shining stars, bears aloft
d of Yorktown covering the
c existence of the nation is a [
;he possibility of a government
eople, by the people, for the
he column thus adorned cul
with Liberty herself, star
and welcoming the people of I
as to share equally with us the j
our peace and prosperity."
•incipal dimensions of the mon
taken from the drawing and
. the possession of Colonel W.
thill, of Baltimore, Engineer
Jnited States Army, who, by
i of the Secretary of War, will
b its construction, divided for
.UNO of a plain understanding
jader into : 1, the "Base ;" 2,
lium," or drum supporting the
dancing figures; 3, the "Shaft,"
bt column ; 4, the "Capital," |
lirectly on the final course of
ran ; 5, the "Pedestal," which
the figure surmounting the
nt; and 6, tho "Figure," are
tas follows: Base, 25 feet 8
podium, 14 feet 4 inches; shaft,
inch ; capital, 5 feet 4 inches ;
, 3 feet 9 inches ; figure, 11 feet
; making the total height from
3m of the base, resting on the
)f the ground, to the top of the
5 feot 0 inches. The bottom of
covers a surface area of 045.56
he area for inscriptions on each
he base is 15,680 squaro inches,
itest diameter of the podium is
I inches. The height of the
figures surrounding the podium
The diameter of the shaft at
mi, 5 feet 5 inches, and at the
iscriptions on the base of the
.nt are to be as follow* :
In pursuance of
ion of Congress, approved October 27,
and one approved June 7, 1880,
To commemorate the victory <
pendenco of the United States of
America was achieved.
I'orktowu, on October 19, 1781,
fter a siege of nineteen days,
Americans, 7,000 French Infantry of
c, 3,500 Militia, under command of
r. Thos. Nelson, and 30 French
Ships of the Line,
lcr of tb« British forces at Yorktown
Commander-in-Chief of the combined forcos of
America and France :
To His Excellency the Comto de ltochambean,
Commanding the Auxiliary troops of' His Chris
tian Majesty in Amorica,
And b. His Excellency tho Comte de Grasses,
Commanding-in Chief the Naval Army of
France in Chesapeake.
The Treaty, '
Concluded February f>, 1778,
Between tho United States of America
And Linis XVI., King of France,
The essential and direct end
Of the present Defensive Alliance
Is to maintain effectively
The Liberty, Sovereignty, and Independence,
Absoluto and Unlimited,
Of the said United States,
As well in matt.rs of Government as of Com
The Provisional Articles of Peace,
Concluded November 30, 1572,
And the Definito Treaty of Peare,
Concluded September 3, 1783,
Between the United States of America
And George 111.,
King of Grtat Britain and Ireland,
His Britannic Majesty acknowledges (he said
Unitod States, viz.:
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay,
Rhode Island, and Providence Plantation,
Connecticut, New York, New Jersey,
Pi'iinsylvnnia, Dealaware, Maryland, Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia,
Free and Sovereign and Independent States.
During the present month will occur
the centennial anniversary of one of the
most important events which the history
of our country has ever yet recorded—
tho surrender of the British army, un
der Lord Cornwallis, to the allied
troop* of France and the American i
Colonies, at Yorktown.
The facts concerning that event,
which gave freedom to the Western
hemisphere, and secured, we trust for
I a republican government to our
c, are too well known to need a
ition here, but a description of tho
>sed ceremonies, will no doubt be
to our readers,
die rejoicing in tho success of om
ithers, which secured our indepen
) and brought into existence the
perfect structure of human govern
the world has ever beheld, and
i thus celebrating that glorious
ry, we should be careful to remem
hnt the very foe with whom they
I'd so fiercely, and from whom by |
d sacrifices was wrested our na
-1 existence, are closely allied to us
by every bond of interest which a simi
larity of language, inclinations, tastes
and laws can dictate ; and that in the
prosecution of business, its ramifications
have become so interlaced between the
two nations, that the success of the one
is synonymous with the welfare of tho
other. While remembering this we
should endeavor to make our celebra
tion of such an exalted character, as to |
leave no room for an accusation of sel- I
tlshneßs in our patriotic ardor, or to be |
reproached with offering insult to a l
nation, whioh though formerly our
sternest enemies, are now our firmest
The programme prepared by the
Yorktown Centennial Association oovere |
a period of fourteen days, from October |
6th to October 20th ; though the official
ceremonies will consume but four days,
October 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st, theso
will be under the exclusive control of
I Yorktown Congressional Commis
during these ceremonies the York-
Centennial Association will have
nthority in the premises, but will
ibly be assigned some honorary
ion, which their eminent services
ecuring the celebration so well
c music will be one of the chief
features of the occasion. Professor
Charles L. Siegel, of Richmond, who
has charge of the vocal portion, has
been assiduously training for the past
two months a chorus of three hundred
voices, andj"although he has experi
enced much "difficulty in bringing thorn
to a proficiency capable of rendering in
a pleasing way the several airs selected,
he still hopes by the time the cere
monies begin they will have been suffi-
Itly trained to sing the parts with
and in a manner not unsatisfactory
a critical ear. The instrumental
ion will be under the direction of
essor J. Phillip Sioussa, leader of
Marine band at Washington. This,
ther with Dodsworth's Thirteenth
ment band of New York, are tho
bands which have been, so far, en
id by tho official managers, though
c will be plenty of music brought
he militia of the several States, and
the civio associations, to make it
n Tuesday, October 18th, the Presi
s and his cabinet, the congressional
mission, the governors and com
tioners of the States and the guests
the nation will be received by the
ernor of Virginia and his staff in
lyette Hall at 11 a. m.
be chairman of tbe joint commission
Dongress, Hon. John W. Johnston,
ted States Senator from Virginia,
call the assembly to order at 12
..'k noon, at the monument site,
rayer by Key. Robert Nelson, grand
son of Governor Nelson, of Virginia,
who commanded the Virginia militia
during the siege of Yorktown.
The Star Spangled Banner by three
hundred voices, under the leadership
of Professor Charles L. Seigel, of Rich
mond, Va. The accompaniment by the
Address of welcome by His Excellency
F. W. M. Holliday, Governor of Vir
of voices, under the leadership of Pro
fessor Siegel, the accompaniment by the
Introductory address by the chair
man of the commission, Hon. John W.
Johnston, of Va.
"Hail Columbia," by the chorus of
voices led by Professor Siegel,. the ac
companiment by the Marine Band.
Laying the corner-stone of the monu
ment by the Grand Master of Masons
in Virginia, assisted by the Grand Mas
ters of the thirteen original State*.
Grand fantasia "International Con
gress," Sioussa, by the Marine Band,
conducted by Professor J. Philip
At 7 r. m. there will be a pyrotechnic
display from a boat moored in York
On Wednesday. October 10, the as
sembly will be called to order by Hon.
John Vf. Johnston.
Overture "Le Caid," Ambroise Thom
as, by the Marine Band. Professor
Prayer by Bishop Harris, of the M. E.
Church, of New York.
Hymn, words by Charles Poindexter,
of Richmond ; music by J. E. Schmol
zer, an eminent German composer, ren
dered by the chorns of three hundred
voices, under Professor C. L. Siegel,
accompanied by the Marine Band under
Professor J. Philip Sioussa.
THE YORKTOWN MONUMENT.
1781— October 19—1881.
This day in gracious favor deigns
To bless the labor of our hand,
To him let us our voices raise,
In lofty hymns and notes of praise,
Our gratoful homage pay.
His was the strength that nerved their heart,
In faith to battle tor the right,
As did tho wisdom high impart,
That baffled all the fooman's might;
And gave our land in days of yore,
Deliv'rence strong from trouble sore,
Of war and bitter strife.
Built on foundation strong and deep,
The starward pointing shaft we rear,
I The forms of mighty deeds to keep,
I And tell to every coming yoar.
Ho let us in our hearts upraise,
A monument of those bright days
Of faith and victory.
The music is of a solemn, devotional
character, of niuoh beauty, and is well
adapted to the religious nature of the
Address by the President of the
United States. Centennial Ode. By
Paul H.Hayne, the well-known Southern
Poet; Music by Prof. Mosenthal, of
New York, rendered by the chorus of
three hundred voices under Prof. 0. It.
Seigle accompanied by the Marine
Hark, Hark 1 down the century's long-reaching
j To those transports of triumph, those rapture
The voices of main and mountain combined
In glad resonance borno on the wing of the wind,
Tho bass of the drum and the trumpet that
Through the multiplied echoes of jubilant hills,
And mark how tho years, melting upward like
Which the breath of some splendid enchan
tress has kissed,
Reveal on the ocean, reveal on the shoro
The proud pageant of conquest that graced
them of yore,
When blended forever in love as in fame
Bee, the standard which stole from the star
light its fame,
The thunders of cannons that boomed on tho
But re-echoed fur thunders poaled up from the
Where guarding his sea lists, a knight on the
Bold Da Grassekept at bay tho bluff bull dogs
The day turned to darkness tho night turned to
Still more fiercer waxod the combat, inoro
deadly the ire.
I nod by the gloom, in majestic advance,
sld whero they ride o'er the rod battlo
lanners united in love as in fame,
.vo standard which drew from the Btar
eanis their flame.
10 of all chivalry, glory, romance,
■ lilies, the luminous lilies of France.
ite. no pause ; by the York's tortured
y Lion of England is writhing in blood,
(lis may chafe and coarse Tarlotnn aver
harpens his broadsword and buckles
lade, which so often has reaped rebels
iw harvest for death tho rude yeomen
iast; for ere sunset he's flying in fear,
o rebels he scouted close, closo in his
'licit on his flank hurl such volley* of
n Gloucester's redoubt must be grow
ls too hot.
: deled in love as united in fame.
I standard which stole from the star
ght its fame,
c of all chivalry, glory, romance,
■ lilies, the luminous lilies of France.
ing appear ! when the siege reachod its
i sundawn outblown like the alchemist's
I wreath of smoke from dim trenches
asformod to a glory that (mile* on ths
v I Save the wan, wasted front of the
is battle flags furled and his arms trail
i for the brave ! In grim silence they
silence they pass with bowed head
rom the field,
•inmph transcendant! so Titan of tone
'mo vowed it must startle King George
n his throne.
'eace to her own time tho pulse of the
lie war woapun sank from tho war
Freedom upborne to the height of the
i yearned or so long with deep travail
■ f soul,
; of tho future raised, thrilling and
le woods leaned to hearken, the bill
dopes to hear,
ught with all magical grandeurs that
s hero's high hope, or the patriot's
uturo, tho' bright, in cold shadow shall
3rn boauty that halos the brow of the
edded in love, as united in fame,
I standard which stole from the starlight
pc of all chivalry, glory, romance,
ir lilies, the luminous lilies of Franco,
tion by Hon. Robert 0. Winthrop,
) Star Spangled Banner by the cho
ider Prof. Siegel, accompanied by
itennial Poem by James Barron
, of Virginia,
jrture by Dodsworth's Thirteenth
nent Band of the National Guard
3 State of New York,
the conclusion of the ceremonies a
reception will be held by the President
of the United States and his cabinet'
the congressional commission and the
i>f the nation, in Lafayette Hall.
?. M. there will be a pyrotechnic
from boats moored in York
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 20.
1 military parade and review by
.sident of the United States of
.ops and other organizations
, under the command of Major
. Winfield S. Hancock, United
rmy, the arrangements for which
made by him and announced
FRIDAY, OCTOBER, 21.
1 naval review by the President
United States and exercises of
t under command of Rear Ad
miral Wy man, U. S. N., the arrange
ments for whioh will be made by him
and announced later.
Col. H. C. Corbin, Assistant-Adjutant
General United States Army, will be
master of ceremonies.
I Too Old.
md Mrs. Jones were starting for
. " Wait, dear," said the lady,
forgotten something ; won't you
I, now, and go up-stairs and get
its off the bureau ?"
ur goats !" replied Jones ; "what
Qgled thing's that?"
. show you," remarked tho wife,
a sailed up the stairs, aud down
again with a pair of kids on her hands;
" there they are," said Bhe.
"Why, I call those things kids," said
the surprised husband.
Ilh, do you?" snapped the wife.
11, bo did I once, but they are so
ow, I'm ashamed to call them any
en they went to church. The next
ones'wife had half a dozen pairs
i new gloves in a handsome lacquered
box of the latest design.
In Washington eight men are kept
busy in a photographic gallery mak
inir tirrrtrintN of Oniteau for sale
The rage for beads is on the wane.
Metallic garnitures are fashionable.
Crinolots are bustles, with a new
Dolmans are the leading fall wraps.
Basques and jackets aro still fashion-
Shoulder caps and fichus are much
Silvery gray is revived in a fashion
able dress color.
Shirred collars on wraps havo taken
the place of hoods.
Plainly made dresses are again worn
by a selected few.
Small peterines accompany every
fashionable traveling dress.
The rage at the moment is for em
broidery in dress trimmings.
Tournures of stiff mohair aro worn
when any tournure is needed.
The Saxon embroidery on Surah is
used in great quantities on some of the
new fall dresses. It is used for frills
at the wrist and around tho opening at
the throat, aud pieces of it aro laid one
over tho other and used in place of
Neves and Notes for Woimm.
The one wife of the present Khedive
of Egypt is a woman of European
One of a party of girls who ran a
five-mile race at Rio, Texas, died from
An Illinois farmer declared that his
daughter didn't earn her Fait. She re
torted that she would be glad to stand
on the same footing as his hired help.
He consented, Eigned an agreement,
and soon forgot all about it. That I
happened five years ago. Now the
girl sues for wages and gets a verdict |
A lady in Bucharest was ailing.and
her physician prescribed a sojourn at
a medical spring. Her husband re
fused to let her go, and the lady re-
I sorted to law and found a judge who
' decided that the lady might raise
3,000 francs by a loan to dofray her
expenses, the husband being held re
Mrs. Florence, tho actress, says that
she tailed with the Princess of Wales
in the box of a London theater, and
found her charming in manners and
person. Her voice is soft and'extremely
musical, and a slight German accent
makes her speech all the more pleasing.
Mrs. Florence pronounces Lady Lans
dale and Lady Mandeville among the
first of English beauties, aud says of
Mrs. Langtry : "She is not strictly |
beautiful. She has a fair skin, aud |
large, round, dark eyes, which she uses j
very expressively, and with all the art
of a professional actress, in conversa
tion. The natural color of her hair is
chestnut, but she is often seen with,
very light or reddish frizzes as with
those of the color bestowed by nature.
These artificial adjuncts enhance the
effect of her really fine eyes."
" Heredity" comes out strong in
case of criminals—stronger, perhaps,
than in casoof saints. For the offspririg
of saints are often'far from saint-like,
while the children of burglars and
other criminals aro almost sure to pay
their ancestors tho honor of imitating
them. A few days ago in a New York
criminal court George Lyons, a slender
youth of 17, was brought up for sen
tence for an attempt to commit bur
glary, he having been onco in the
County Penitentiary. "Lyons," the
| Recorder said, " your father is in State
Prison, I believe?" "This is my case,
Judge, not my father's," the hardened
youth replied bluntly. " Your mother
is also in State Prison ?" " Yes she is,"
"l'ou are come of a bad stock. I am
informed," the Recorder went on. "I
suppose I do," Lyons answered. The
Judge remarked that Lyons waited to
go to State Prison, as a graduation, but
that he should allow him one more
chance for reformation and send him to
the Elmira Reformatory under charge
of Mr. Brook way. "You'd bettor have
me hung, Judge," was the sullen reply
He expressed, however, somo dread
of the discipline of the reformatory on
his way there. His father is Nod Lyons,
the desperate burglar, who has been
sick of a wound in Connecticut and has
now gone to the State prison there.
His mother, Lyons' wife, is, not by any
means unknown in these parts, although
her son is mistaken in thinking that she
is just at this moment in prison. |
She happens to be out just now. Young I
Lyons is the leader of a gang of sneak I
thieves in New York, and Mr. Brockway
can try his own patent reformatory plan
on him. Detroit Free Press.
Her feet and hands aro already as hard
General Wallace, our minister to
Turkey, drank coffee with the Sultan.
The cups were without handles, and
were crested with diamonds.
'A report of local doctois states that
77 per cent, of the cases of the diphthe
ria epidemic raging in the provinco ol
Orel, Central Russia, are fatal.
We havo seen ladies who were insnf-
I forably shocked at the sight of a man
in his shirt sleeves; and their own arms
were bare almost to the shoulders!
Women aro strange creatures.
Detectives aro now busy at Washing
ton trying to find out the sizo of How
gate's defalcation, but it doesn't seem to
have occurred to any of them to try and
find Howgate.— Philadelphia Times.
Thirteen female physicians are prac
ticing in Clayton, lowa, and at a recent
fire there were not well men enough in
the town to run tho engine out. It is
one grand incorporated hospital.
A Southern journal says this year's
rice crop in the Gulf states will reach
ono hundred and fifty million bushels.
It is predicted that tho rico industry
will soon rival that of sugar growing in
A prominent clergyman, being askep
why he accepted tho cull (one of many)
with the largest salary, replied that" he
desired to go where there was the most
sin—consequently located where the
money was most pleanty."
Two young ladies in Gaudaloupe,
Oal., doing all tho work on tho weekly
paper called tho Telegraph, from writ
ing editorials, working at the press,
j down to mailing and serving subscribers
with their papers. Tho young ladies
are said, moreover, not to bo at all mas
culine, but are gentle and fair to look
Governor Roberts, of Texas, exeroi-
I ses a personal supervision of the pris
oners,in the State penitentiaiy. Most
of them, lie says, are young men from
the North-west, East and North, who,
having strayed from homo restraints,
have fallen into bad company and got
into trouble. He tells them that good
conduct will shorten their terms, and,
I if, they behave themselves pardons them
The Brigands of Macedonia.
A writer in tho Cornhill Magizine re
lates these incidents: "On ono oc
occasion the chief of a band succeeded
in capturing a young Armenian whom
he suspected of haying given informa
tion to tho authorities as to the where
abouts of his band ; whereupon he sent
I a message to his mother, who lives in a
I village near, telling her that if she
wished to see her son alive she must
come at once to a certain spot. Fearing
to disobey, tho poor woman hurried to
tho place named, where she met the
brigand chief, who immediately said, 'I
have sent for you to show you the way
I treat traitors ;' and, drawing his yata
ghan, ho cut the wretched man into four
qnarters before his mother's eyes,
adding, as he wiped the blood off his
weapon, 'Now lam going to the top of
that hill. Before suuf-et you will tell
all the inhabitants of your village that
they are to como out and see what I
have done ; should you not obey—and
mind, I shall be watching—l shall come
and burn the whole village.' Of course,
there was no choico but to carry out
orders, and como and see the ghastly
spectacle. Another instance of the
j effects of which I was also a witness,
was that of a villager in tho town of
Teronda, who, when tho village was
attacked by brigands, gave up all his
property but a small silver cross which
he stoutly refused to part with. Where
upon ho was stripped, rubbed over with
petroloum oil, and then a match applied.
| It so happened that this did not prove
i fatal, but the state of agony of the poor
man some days afterward was something
piteous to see."
A Thirteen-root Cornstalk.
The La Crosse (Wis.) Chronicle say* :
Recently wo published a statement
I about cornstalks eleven feet high or so.
This was not done without misgivings,
because we knew the honest grangers of
La Crosse county would hop on to that
story with a cornstalk vastly larger.
Yesterday our fears were realized when
a prominent legal gentleman of La
Crosse stalked into our counting room
with ono trailing along behind him over
thirteen feet in length. This stalk was
accompanied by an ear of corn over a
foot long, containing 036 grains, with a
I few little gnarly grains to spare. This
gigantic corn was planted May 15th, and
on tho Ist of June was only four inches