Newspaper Page Text
■-' - ' I — .. ■ —
HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNA WED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN.
S. M. STICKLEY, Editor. STEPHENS CITY, FREDERICK CO., VA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1881. VOL. 1.-NQ. 22.
.. — . : .. ;
■ —•" ■ ' '—' ' _——~- ■■ -■ —■—i 1 1 ■—» " " ■-■ — " ■—■—■■ ■ ' . _—. ™ , — ■
>»■ diclne (Muni
:.', /X 3_ffl__ Clicnpcsit Pure-I
■Ji ■\C W nnd ,J '"' 4 ' *'' IM "' rv
l \_L*llW Medicine in the
Itaets with extraordinary power and efficacy ou
the Liver—the 1 ardent of the hotly» called,
irom ita importance, thi houhekkkieb of our
health. M'hf n the Liver in tori id. tho bowels are
BlUKßit'ii and constipated ; the food l.ts in the
stomach indigested and poisoning the tilood. Fro-
nnent headaches, a leeling of mfsfrttude. despOn
aency, and nervousness, indicate how the whole
sy. tern Jr rifranged. To prevent a more serious eon-
tlitiitn, at once
The test of time and the experience o' thousand*
"have iro\enit thebest, Faf stand speediest remedy
for all diseases of_the Liver, Stomach and Mpleen.
Aa a remedy in-
IJyapi'Poin, Mental Deprcasiuii, Sick llend
at he, .1 v iiikl i.e. Colic, (,'qnstlpatlou •
nml Billousue -s,
IT? IHIAS 3XIO EJGiTTA-L.
Wi» could fill a Kootl Biznd volume with such like
aißtiuKttii>heil tcstimonia.H as the foliowini;:
"I have used Simmons Liver Regulator for consti
pation pt my bowels, caused l>v a temporary de
rangement of tho liver, lor me. last three or four
>ear», and alwais when used aiivnling 10 the ul
"etiojwwitk decidau benelit.
Hip.AJl IVAltsmt, late Chief Justice of IU."
_."I_ c _ flfwJ 'onallv use, when my condition rettntres
», In-. H.mihnnaLiver Rcmihitor, with unntleflei-t,
"Hon. ALEXANDEH 11. STEVENS."
Thoßnltlmore Eplacnpnl Meihoflint
aays i "Simmons Liver Regulator is acknowledged
to have no equal as a liver medicine, contain* those
Southern roots and hiirbe which an all wise Provi
dence haw placed in countries where liver disease*
Buy only the Genuine in Whit* Wrapper, with ret
7.. prerarad only by J. H. Zeilia *.- Co.
For Snle by Steele Slevens City, Vn.
GrROVE & BROTHEC
CONTRACTORS FOR PINE HOUSE PAINTINO,
Main Stroet, Stephens City, Va.
The above firm are now prepared to do all
kinds of house, sign, fresco, scroll and onm,
mental painting; also, kalaomining and glazing:.
Purchasing, as thoy do, pure paints and oils-"
at lowest wholesale prices, they are enabled 10
do durable work at the lowest possible rates, lv
-I. W. YEAELE,
Has re-opened his Tailoring Establishment
in Stephens City, Va., and will keep on hand
a full assortment of
• CIOTHS, TRIMMINGS, &c. of All Kiufls.
He is prepared to wait on his customrrs
promptly in Cutting, Pitting, Making, Ac
in the Latest Styles.
All kinds of country produce taken in ex
change for work. His establishment will be
found in rear of Postoffice.
r>jß. bI. .ia. isi-'C-tLEY,
Physician and Surgeon,
Offers his professional aerviccs to tho citizens
■of Stephens City, Va. When not professionally
absent will bo found at his office three doors
north of Mayers' building, prepared to attend
all calls either at day or night.
Special attention given to tho diseases of
women, jmd all skin diseases. 9-3 m
DR. J\~W. OWEnT
Will promptly attend to professional calls in
town or country. Has been in practice over
*B-Oflice at rcsidenco, near tho Lutheran
church, on Mulberry street. ly
dr. thos. j. Miller!
Appreciates very highly, and returns tl.a iks
to the citizens of Stephens City and sum mul
ing country, for their confidence and patronage
during the six years ho has practiced
medicine in thoir midst, and solicits a con
tinuance of the same. In tho future, as in
"the past, ho will devoto his whole time to his
profession, and can always be found at his resi
dence on Main street, unless absent profes
WSpecial attention given to the diseases
of —-jmen aud children. ly
ALLAN B. MACRUDErT"
And United States Commissioner,
, Practices in all the Courts in Winchester, Berry
yille and Woodstock, and in the Court of Ap
peals at Richmond and Staunton, and in the
United States Courts at Harrisonburg.
Special attention paid to tho security and
collection of debts.
Office at his rcsidenco on Main street. Im3
SIBEBT & DENNY7
Successors to C. B. Meredith,
Watches & Jewelry,
ItEPAIEING NEATLY DONE.
American, Elgin and Springfield Watches
always on hand. Solo agents for
'No. 96 Loudoun St., ■Winchester, Va.
WM.H. BROWN & BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE
25 S. Sharp St. Baltimore.
CAMPBELL & MATTY
would respectfully inform the citizens
of Frederick county that they aro now
prepared, to furnish estimates and build
Houses, Barns, Etc.
Thoy are also prepared to attend
funerals at short notice.
Coffins or Caskets
Frnished at reasonable rates.
The third week of tho trial of tho assassin
of the President, was attended by a throng
that has suffered no diminution since the
beginning. The court-room was packed in
every part, and again the assassin sat under
tho silent battery of a seoro of doctor's eyes,
who took the range of every movement that
Mra, Scoville' continued and concluded her
testimony, which was simply a corroboration
of her previous testimony. ' Other witnesses
were examined, from wlipoi nothing important
waa elicited except from his brother John W.
Guiteau the most important facta of which
will be found below :
John W. Guiteau, of Boston, brother of the
prisoner, testified that ho knew the prisoner
intimately until he was eight or nine yeara
old ; since then he had known him personally
only at intervals. Witness related a quarrel
with the prisoner when ho had grown to be
27 years of ago, when tho prisoner insisted that
he did not owo Mr. Scoville anything bo ause
he had given him his note for tho amount due
and Scoville could get the money out of bank
on the note. Witness at that time boarded at
tiio Bamo house with ihe prisouer, but the
prisoner paid hia own board.
Mr. CorkJiill .--"Why do yon say that ?"
Witness.—"Because I believe that he never
paid his own board when he could get any one
to pay it for him."
Guiteau. —"I've paid my board better than
you have if tho record was made up."
Witness saw the prisoner very little after
wards until ho saw him in jail. Since then he
has visited him very often. When witness first
heard Guiteau speak of the assisßinatlon he
said that men would soon change, and instead
of the assassin Guiteau, would say Guiteau the
patriot. Witness, knowing the somewhat hos
tility of tho prisoner to him, took care not to let
the prisoner get behind him when he first went
to the jail. Becoming soon satisfied that there
was no danger, witness, to test tho prisoner,
asked him if he was willing to suffer or die for
tho principle of inspiration, and prisoner said
ho was. Then he asked. "Are you willing to
be sacrificed for this view, as Christ was?"
Tho prisonor said he "was willing. Witness
then told him that the court and jury wero on
the side of the world, and they would not
believe his theory of inspiration, and asked if
ho was willing to suffer for, his faith. He
expressed his willingness to do so, and then
witness said : "They say you are a cringing
coward, afraid of your life." The prisoner
Witness then said: "Which would you
rather be, hung by the hangman or shot by
he mob ?"
Then tho prisoner sprung up and said ex
citedly :"I don't want either, and ran into a
corner, showing signs of fright, and then all
of them laughed heartily at this sudden
change in his demeanor, tho prisonor joining
in tho laugh. Witness wasoonvinced that the
prisoner was and is insane.
A huge book was hero handed witness, with
the question, "What is this?"
Witness—lt is tho family Bible of the Gui
Mr. Scoville thon read the Guiteau family
record from 1767.
Witness thought tho prisoner insano after
he received some letters from Chicago, about
the 21st of last October.
The cross-examination was a repetition of
the evidenco given.
Guiteau, the assassin, was put upon tho
stand to identify his handwriting.
WAsniNtvroN, Nov. 29.—Never before in tho
history of tho City Hall has there been known
such a pressure as was shown there to-day,
inside and outside. The courtroom is packed
when four hundred people are within. Tho
applicants for admission numbered at least ten.
thousand, and from 7 o'clock the crowd began*
to gather, and by 8.30 it was impossible to
approach the doors of the City Hall without
a struggle. Tne crowd somewhat delayed the
court, but the judge was fas Ml seat a few
minutes past t:n and the trial began.
A copy of the record of the Bloomiugdale
Insane asylum as to the death of Francis W.
Guiteau there, insano, was offered, and that
fact was admitted by the prosecution. •
. Mr. Scoville then placed Guiteau upon tne
stand, and asked if ho remembered his
Guiteau.—"Do you wish to put mo on now
as a regular witness ? I thought you wanted
me only to identify certain papers, I am not
ready to testify now. I don't desire that the
prosecution should take advantage of my
present situation to press a cross-examination
upon mo. Ido not fell well to-day, and when
I go into my testimony I want to go into this
Judge Porter said of courso if there was an
examination in chief there must be a cross
Mr. Scoville thought that the testimony of
Guiteau might be begun, and if he felt unwoll
the court would not require him to go on.
Guiteau refused to go on unless the court
would first rule upon the question whether, if
the examination were begun it must go on and
the cross-examination follow.
The Court.—"You are not obliged to testify
at all, but if you do testify you inußt submit
| Guiteau was then called to the stand. Mr.
Scoville at first started him upon his narrative
by questions, and once started he spoke with
great volubility and ease, and some.iines with
notable facility of expression.
Witness (tho prisonor) remembers only that
his mother was an invalid, and feels as if he
never had a mother.. Ho detailed the removals
of Ids residence. His father and "grandfather
supplied wood to steamers at Ulao, Wis, Wit
ness did nothing •there ;. was eight or nine
years old ; played about; did not go to school;
afterwards went to school at Freeport to Mr.
Burohard, now director of tho United States
mint, who then kept tho district school.
When his father married the second time,
September, 1853, he was agont of the railroad
company. Witness was very indignant that
his father had not consulted with him when
ho went off to marry a second time. Witness
went then to Chicago. From eight to twelve
years of age witnoss'attended school off and
on. Was twelve when hia fathor re-married.
When sixteen went to Bell's Commercial Col
lege. His fathor saw no way of saving wit
ness's soul except by running him into the
Oneida Community, and ho did not care that
lie should have an education, but should save
his soul by going to the Community. Said
witness: "He was all on soul; if I got to be
the greatest man in the world and did not save
my soul it would all go for naught." At his
father's urgent solicitation he went to the
Oneida Community and found it a "horrible
hole" the object being to provide a harem for
Hie chief man. After being there sovou yeara
he went to New - York, joined Beocher's chiirch,
and gradually the scales fell from his eyes.
Witness remembers boing struck on the head
by a stono near Bcebe's Hotel, Froeport. Has
the sear now, (shows it,) can put his hand in
it. Hia fathor did not go to church and did
not approve of Sunday-schools. He had no
family prayer, and his ordinary grace before
meat was "I thank God for Noyes and the
Oneida Community," thus taking Noyes in
the plaeo of Christ. He bought a farm noar
Freeport and desired to establish a branch of
tho Oneida Community there, and at one time
Noyes's agent camo out to look at the farm.
Witness got into the Oneida Community from
falling into his father's way of thinking.
Witness believed in the healing doctrine
while ho was at Oneida. When he had the
headache he used to say, "Get away from me
old devil." Got rid of that when he got with
the Young Men's Christian Aaaociatlon and
joined Beechei"s for Beecher was a
virtuous man then. [Laughter.] Did not
know anything about him since,
Guiteau then detailed his plan for starting
a newspaper to be called the "Tbeocrat," and
i(s failure. He was constantly overpowered
by fear of going to hell, and'he went back to
tho Oneida Community. He would have
blowed up tho Community if he had not feared
that his name might be mixed up with that
cursed sot. All the time he was at the Com
munity he suffered his wrongs because he waß
in fear lest if he left ho would be damned.'
This fear made him a slave. He said; "Isee
Frederick Douglass, I read his book, and
while in the Oneida Community I felt just like
Douglass did when he was a slave." Ho be
come at length "crank-mad," and one evening
got a man to take his trunk and while ttip
Community was holding a general
stole away. Guiteau then detailed his efforts
tp got employment as a writer on. tho Inde
pendent, Tribune and other New York news
papers. Ho met with no success, and soon
afterwards went to Chicago," studied law and
was admitted to tho bar. The first year ho
made $2,000 out of his practice, and a like sum
the next year. His appearance and manners
commended him to first-class mcrcbants.
After the Chicago fire he went to New York
and made $1,500 the first year and $2,500 the
second. Then tho Herald published him as
an impostor, and he lost his business. When
ho got down nobody helped him. Ho once
went to the St. Nicholas Hotel and took a
room, when he had no money. A detective
put him first in Jefferson Markot jail and
then in the Tombs. Ho was thirty-five days
n all in prison. After his rolcase he went to
Chicago, and for some timo nursed tho idoa
of starting a great newspaper. He-applied to
President Adams, of the Freeport Bank, for a
loan of $15,000, and told him he would make
him Governor of Illinois, but Mr. Adams said
ho did not want to be Governor. He wrote to
Mr. Bonnett, of the Herald, offering to with
draw his libel suit if ■ho would assist iv his
new enterprise. About this time ho becamo
interested in the Moody and Sankey meet
ings at Chicago. He acted as usher and
aspired to bo an evangelist. Ho heard
Dr. Kittridge, a learned divine of Chi-
Chicago, say ho could not understand the
text, "If I will that he tarry till I come, what
is that to thee?" That set" witness's brain to
whirling, aud he delved into the Chicago
library until ho discovered that the second
coming of Christ took place at the destruction
of Jerusalem, and that Christ came in the air
amid clouds above the Temple when the city
was destroyed, A. D. 70. Ho put this idea in
the form of o lecture and tried frequently to
deliver this lecture, but without much auceesa.
First opened on a bitter cold night,' and ho
gave a summary of the subject. The Chicago
Tribune mado a funny editorial on tho buo
jeet, which hurt his feolingß. With great dif
ficulty ho got in two or three lines of corrcc
di___ newspapers would never correct any
thfnfe if they 'could help doing so. Witness
tried law, but had theology on tho brain ;ho
had been a vagabond for his theology.
Guiteau then gave a sketch of his experi
ence aa a lecturer, and his frequent collisions
with hotel-keepers and railroad conductors
who tried to make him pay his way. 'Ho
jumped from a train between New York and
Newark, aud was badly stunned. The pris
oner having likened his labors to thoso oi St.
Paul, Mr. Scoville aßked : "Didn't the Apostle
Paul havo greater success than you had'?' 1
"I don't think he did," said tho prisoner,
promptly. "I say that little book of mine for
ever Bottled the question of the second com
ing of Christ." Tho prisoner followed his
lecturing experience during the fall and sum
mer of 1877 very minutely, nis quaint way of
moralizing on his ill-success keeping a ripple
of laughter on the surface all the time. "They
don't give much on collection, I find," ho
said; referring to a Michigan experience.
They aro willing to come and get your ideas
without paying for them."
"You may say," said the prisoner, "that
this kind of experience is dead-heading, but
I say it is an evidence of how tho Lord pro
tected me. I dead-headed it from Toledo to
Washington, and didn't get put off but twice.
It wasn't my business to dictate to tho Lord
how He was to take care of me. I left Him to
pay my board bill tho best way He could."
He had not concluded his narration when,
at 3 P. M., the court adjourned.
November 30 Court opened at the usual
hour. The room was filled, as usual, by la
dies and gentlomcn, the former predominat
Mr. Scoville took tho witness in charge, and
his replies were made up with his inspiration
Mr. Scoville—When did this inspiration
first come upon you ?
Guiteau did not reply directly, but said:
The inspiration is where a man acts outside
himßelf, and was proceeding to define inspi
Mr. Scoville.—When did the inspiration on
the subject come to you ?
Guiteau.—l have stated it all in an inter
view with a correspondent. Ho desired to
be allowed to read the interview, but the
court told him he could not do bo, but might
use it to refresh his memory.
Mr. Davidge asked the court to notice the
peculiar character of this matter. It relates
to an alleged inspiration of Almighty God to a
man, and its purpose is the commission of a
murder. Under such circumstances could
thero be need of n refreshing of mornory ?
Guiteau said he was perfectly willing to
swear to that statement. He was sick now ;
had too much Thanksgiving; richer food than
he had been accustomed to, and could not
give as clear a statement now as he did then.
Tho court ruled that he must state the mat
ter now in his own words.
Guiteau then said that the inspiration canjo
to him on the Wedneßday evening after Sen*
tor Conkling and Piatt resigned. He was
thinking over the situation, and the inspira
tion came to his mind that if tho President
was out of tho way this whole thing would be
settled. He went to sleep thinking about it,
and when he awoke in the morning the im
pression came with redoubled force. This
impression kept growing and grinding upon
Mr. Scoville.—Why did you think God fixed
on yon to remove the President ?
Witness thought that God selected him be
cause ho had the brains and tho nerve to do
this work—for God always picks out the best
man—and that it was the design of God by
the act to advertise his book, "The Truth, '
and thus save souls.
Judge Porter, in a deep, loud voice, began
to interrogate the witness, who immediately
put himself on the defensive. After asking
him whether he regarded himself a truthful,
sincere man, a Christian, and receiving an
affirmative reply, ho put this question :
Did yon say yosterday that you passed
through tho Oneida Community as a porfectly
Guiteau—Well, judgo, not entirely. I said
mostly yesterday, but tho reporters left out
♦ho word mostly. The witness then confossod
to various lapses from virtuo.
Judge Porter then directed his quoßtions to
Guiteau's alleged law practice in Chicago, but
the witness conld not recall tho names of any
of his clients, nor tho parties to the suits in
which he was engaged, nor tho judges before
whom they were tried. His recollection of his
law business in New York waß also very indis
tinct, although he recalled a firm for whom he
collected monoy, but did not pay it over. Re
curring to the shooting of President Garfield
Judge Porter aßked : Who killed the Presi
dents The witness thought that the Deity
and himself did it.
Judge Porter Who bought the pistol, the
Deity or you ?
Guiteau,—The Deity furnished me tho
Judge Porter Did the Deity inspire vouto
buy on English bull-dog pistol?
Guiteau.—He inspired me to do the act, and
left the means to me.
Judge Porter Did you know that the deed
waß murder under tho law ?
Guiteau.—So-called murder, yes, so-called,
but the Deity kept him alive in order to let
him down gently.
Judge Porter.—Do you think it was letting
him down by all those long months of suffer
Guiteau.—That is a mere outside fact. That
is not the proper way of looking at it.
Judge Porter.—Did God inspire you to mur
der tho President ?
'Guiteau.—l behove it was the will of God
that he should bo removed, and that 1 was
selected to do-it. That was my inspiration. I
fought against it, did not want to do it, but
carried out the will of God. I don't like that
cold-blooded word "murder."
Judge Porter pressed Guiteau very hard on
this subject. Guiteau insisted he did tho deed
for no private reason, but for the good of tho
Judge Porter What obligations wore you
under to the American people ?
Guiteau—l think the Amorican people ought
to bo under great obligations to mo.
Judge Porter Did you desire the removal
of Mr. Blame ?
Guiteau.—Never desired the removal of Mr.
Judge Porter.—Why did you conceal this
Guiteau—Why should I go and tell it—that's
no point. [Laughter.]
Judge Porter pressed the cross-examination
to compel Guiteau to say that his own mind
formed the design, but Guiteau constantly
evaded the questions, and said that for some
time he had not made up his mind, but after
wards that the making up of his mind was the
work of God. Witness would not for.a long
time say whether he considered the killing of
the President was against human law. He
constantly replied by saying ho did not con
sider the deed murder, nor had the counsel
gotten him to anawer the question when the
' Washington, Dec. 1. - Tho court-room was
full before nine o'clock, but excellent order
Guiteau took his seat in the witness-box, and
before Jndgo Porter had time to put a ques
tion, said: I have sent out an appeal for
money.to help my defense. I Certainly invite
my friends to send monoy for my defense. I
hope my friends will send mo monoy for this
defense. I want my friends to understand
that money is needed in this case. It can be
sent in sums of $5, $50 or even $1,000, to
George Scoville, by Adams Express. Tho
namea will be suppressed if the sender wishes.
Judge Porter.—ls it true, as you havo testi
fied, that yon never struck a "man in your
life ? ■
Witness responded-that he believed that
Judge Porter pressed him to know in what
his shooting'the President differed from other
shootings by other men.
He said that beforo the Ist of June he mado
lip his mind that the Deity had ordered the
removal of the President. He thought over
tho matter two weeks before he made up his
mind. Does not think he killed the President;
thinks that the. doctors committed murder in
killing the President; that McGill and Jones
committed murderous assaults, because they
cannot show that the Deity ordered them to
shoot; does not know that the Deity did not
inspire them to shoot, but thinks they mUBt
Witness believes in the Ton Command
ments, but does not think that the homicide
of the President was a violation of the com
mandment "Thou shalt not kill" any more
than it was against the commandment to kill
a man during the war. On a change in tho
lino of examination witness denied that he
recollected ever striking his father or raised
an axo against his sister. He had called his
brother a thief because he defaulted in $2,700
of the funds of an insurance company, and
was about being sent to the peniteutiary, when
Mr. Scoville, who was on the boud, settled the
matter. Witness's brother is a good Christian
Pointing at witness his finger, as is his cus
tom, Judge Porter said: Did you tell the
officer that you had killed tho President ?
Guiteau.—(with vehemence) You do that
business of pointing your long finger at wit
nesses in New York, and say you! but you
don't frighten mo.
Judge Porter asked him to nam© the places.
Guiteau I decliuo to go into this boarding
Judge Porter.—Suppose we leave that to
the judge. You said you would abide the
Guiteau said ho would submit to the court,
and Judge Cox told him to answer tho ques
Guiteau.—l'll tell all about this boarding
house business, and it will bo an immense
relief to you, Judge. [Laughter.] He then
said he had hoarded at Mrs. Hull's five days,
Mrs. Gardner's ten weeks, Mrs. Lockwood's
one month, Mr. Brandt's another month, then
at Mrs. Grant's, and was there six weeks until
July 1, then stayed at the Riggs House one
day ; that brought witness to the shooting ;
since then witnesß has boarded in jail.
Why did you practice with the pistol if the
shot was te bo made by tho Deity ?
Guiteau.—You dwell too much on tho out
ward act. There is too much whining about
that; that's of no importance. Witness was
not used to a pistol, and he was frightened to
look at it; was just aB innocent as a babe ; did
not havo any fear of shooting himself, but he
kept tho point pretty well away from him.
When ho first fired it he went to foot oi Sevou
.iaoutUtHtreet, and a colored man told him he
could practice there. Witneßs was very much
frightened when he firßt fired the pistol; it
almost knocked him down. He fired at a
sapling, struck tho sapling once and missed it
once ; -never said that the Bapling went down
Judge Porter.—lf Conkling had been Secre
tary of State, would you have shot the Presi
Witness said that his shooting of the Presi
dent had no connection with office.
Judge Porter.—lf Mr. Blame had been Vice-
President, yon would not havo killed the
President, would you ?
Guiteau.—That's a proposition that don't
exist, and I won't discuss it. Talk about facts,
aud then I'll talk to you.
If the President had appointed witness con
sul to l'aris after the Ist of June ho would
have sent it back, for then the impression that
he should bo removed was too strong to bo
Judge Porter (impressively.)- And you had
no ill-will to the President?
Guiteau, (imitating the tone and air of
Judge Porter.)— I had no ill-will towards tho
President. It was an open insult to General
Grant and Mr. Conkling when the President
appointed Mr. Blame. Witness's letter to Mr.
Blame, soving he was glad Mr. Garfield had
appoiutod'him premier, represented his viow
when he was temporarily of another opinion.
Judge Porter then strove to convict Guiteau
of insincerity by showing that in his letters he
made promise's of political support to the
President and Mr. Blame which were contra
Guiteau.—That's the way politics is run
You ticklo me and I'll tickle you.
Judge Porter (solemnly.)— Did yon tickle
President Garfield ?
Witness, I don't recollect that I did. I was
honest in what I said to him. Witness was
sincere in saying ho sympathized with the
Presidentat that time. 'He sympathized with
any President who had Ibis lie... j of office
seekers at his throat. You ought to mako a
distinction betweon my course previous to the
Ist of May and my course afterwards. Up to
that time I had no idea of removing the Presi
Judge Porter, with much gravity and a
solemn countenance, askod the witness several
questions as to his lottera.
Guiteau.—Oh 1 don't look bo fierce at me.
You don't scare me. Cool down and speak iv
a genial, tpiiot manner.
Judge Porter pressed the subject, and read
letters to show that tho witness was angry be
cause he had not gotten office.
Guiteau.—lf your idea of this office matter
is correct, I ought to have Bhot Secretary
Blame and not the President. The oflico had
nothing to do with it. God inspired me to do
the act for tho good of the American people.
Judge Porter.—Wero you over inspired that
President Garfield should have' a second
Guiteau.—Oh, that waa my own idea.
Judge Porter read from one of Guiteau's let
ters to Garfiold the expression: "The idoa of
1884 flashed through me as an inspiration."
Guiteau.—Well, perhaps it may have been ;
but the President did not come up to it. He
sold himself to Blame and began to disrupt
tho republican party.
Judge Porter.—Did you then believe in this
Guiteau.—l won't discuss this matter with
you. Garfield failed in tho requirements of
the situation ; he did not do what was right,
and God required his removal.
Judge Porter.—On the whole, yon are of
tho opinion that the President committed
Judge Porter called witness's attention to
a letter in which ho spoke of Blame as "an
Guiteau said he always thought that Blame
was an ovit genius who was using tho power
of tho administration to thrash Grant antl
Conkling and the men who mado him. That's
what General Grant said in his letter, in
which ho bitterly denounced Garfield.
Witness was again asked as to his idea of
the inspiration for the murder of Garfield,
and ho said that he believed Garfield was now
happy in Paradise. Garfield was a vory good
man,although they did tell strange stories
about him in the Credit Mobilier. Witness
did not know about their truth. Witness did
not consider it irreverent to say tho Lord
Jesus Christ was a vagabond. Ho said him
self, "Ho had no place to lay His head," and
that was being a vagabond.
"You arc a very mean man and a very dia
honost one in trjing to twistmy letters to mean
what they don't mean."
When asked in a few minutes after if he
thought the Americon people sustained his act,
Guiteau saitl that they would soon come to do
so. The papers aro toning down on tho Biibject;
ho wanted tho jury to know that, for thoy aro
not allowed to see the papers. He then
declaimed in a loud, ranting voice : "I shot
Gen. Garfield aB I would have shot a rebel
during the war if I Baw him tearing down tho
American flag." An attempt was made to stop
him, but ho said : " "Hold on ; wait till I get
through," and he finished tho quotation from
Judge Porter cross-examined tho witness
again upon the distinction he drow between his
shooting at President Garfield and Mason antl
Jones shooting at him. "Do yon think," pur
sued Judge Porter, "that if these men are
punished you also ought to bo punished ?"
Guiteau.—That's for the Lord to say, you aro
making light of a very serious subject. I
decline to discuss the matter with you.
Guiteau complained of boing exhausted, and
at 2.45 P. M. the court adjourned.
Washington, Dec. 2.—Guiteau arrived at the
courthouse and while passing from the van to
the courthouse he remarked upon the small
number of people in waiting to see him, ami
wondered if tho interest in the great trial had
begun to wane. Ho seemed to bo feeling woll
and so expressed himself to hia attendants.
His remarkable self-estoem and egotism never
for an instant fails him, and his perfect confi
dence in a vordiet favorable to himself is
Guiteau glanced at his papers a moment and
then said : "I deßire, Judge Porter, to state to
you and the honorable court that I decline to
answer any more questions that aro mere repi
titionß of what we have already been over."
Judge Porter resumed tho cross-examination
with tho question, "Waa one of your purpoßes
in removing the President to create a demand
for your book '/"
Anßwer.—Yea, sir, with the modification that
it was to preach the gOßpel.
Witneea rogardod his book as the collateral
gospel; in other words, the gospel brought
down to tho present time.
Judge Porter.—And you did not expect to
be punished ?
Answer.—l decline to discuss tho matter
with you. I did not have any thought on the
subject; I left it all to the Deity.
Witness repeatedly refused to answer ques
tions, or, as he termed it, to "discuss" the
matters under inquiry.
Witness soon bocame excited, and, gesticu
lated wildly, insisted upon his inspiration, and
that the Lord had. selected him to do the work.
He was no fool. The Lord never selected
fools to do His work. He had inspired him to
remove Garfield, and left him (witness) to use
his own judgment in selecting the means.
Continuing excitedly, "And the Lord has
taken care of mo ; I've neither been shot nor
Judge Porter continued to question him on
his inspirativo doctrine, the answers to which
were a repitition of previous replies.
Witness was thon asked, ' 'Are you insane at
all." and replied, "I am not an expert ; let
these exports and the jury decide that."
Being pressed for his opinion, witness de
clined to answer. Ho was then subjected to
a rapid series of questions and soon began to
exhibit irritability and anger, and his replies,
when given at all, wore in short, jerky sen
tences. Ho was askod if he laid in wait for the
President in an alley by night, and after a short
"Now you are on that. I'll give you a little
news. I'll tell you what occurred that evon
ing, July 1."
HESITATiNG ON THE BRINK.
Witness then detailed his movements up to
the timo ho saw the President and Secretary
Blaino emerge from the house of the latter
anil walk down Fifteenth street. Said Gui
teau, "They walked along so loving arm in
arm, they had their heads together like two
achool girla. Their fellowship was delightful,
and it confirmed mo in the belief tbat Garfield
had Bold himself, body and soul, to Blaino,
and that Blame was using him to ruin the
stalwart wing of the republican party.
Guiteau bore became furiously excited, and
plunged into) a wild harangue denouncing
Biaino as a bold, wicked, designing man, who
wanted to ruin the republican party in revenge
for the two times ho had been slaughtered by
political conventions. Striking the desk with
considerable violence, ho shouted : "Yob, air,
and in my opinion Blame is morally respon
sible for the death of Garfield."
Witness did not intend to remove the Presi
dent on the night that he visited tho Christian
Church. He went to see where the President
sat. He intended to remove him whenever he
could find a favorable opportunity. If he bail
removed him then he would have shut him
through the head. He visited the jail about
the tirut id' June ;ho wanted to see it because
he expected he would be taken there for re
moving the President. He had Mb pistol with
him in the alloy on the night of July 1. Took
it out and examined it; would probably have
shot Garfield that night if he had been alone.
Blaino was with hint, It was a hot niglit,
Witness was not feeling well, so ho did not try
to shoot the President that night.
Judge Porter.—Did you think it would
make you hotter to pull that triggor?
Guiteau, (angrily aud mimicking Judge
Porter's manner of speaking.)— Now don't
you put so much style on that trigger busi
In the course of the cross-examination wit
ness said: I had to nerve myself up to it all
. Judge Porter.—Your conscience troubled
you, did it?
Witness became very angry and excited and
retorted : Conscience bad nothing to do with
it. From the Ist of Juno I never had any
doubt of the necessity for tho removal. Tho
act was the Deity's, aud conscience has noth
ing to do with it.
Witness testified that he would never have
shot Garfield in the presenco of Mrß. Garfield.
He did not wish to make a scene ; did not
know what the effect would bo on her, and it
would have been an indelicacy to the lady.
Judge Porter.—Would this regard tor Mrs.
Garfield have prevented you from obeying the
imperious mandate of the Deity.
Guiteau,(with excitomont.) — If your head is
too thick to get this through, I'll pound it into
Guiteau then declined to answer further
and began to read a nowspaper, while thero
was a general laugh.
Being pressed for his reasons for wanting
to go to jail after killing tho President, Gui
teau said, for my own personal protection. 1
didn't know what would be tho effect npou
tho popular mind, and-1 did not want to bo
exposed to a howling mob. I thought they
would soy, Oh, he's a disappointed office
seeker, let's hang him up, and I knew I would
have no time nor chance to make known my
motives and inspiration.
Judge Porter.—What is your theory of your
Guiteau.—l am not an expert; let the jury
decido whether lam insane. [Laughter.]
Judge Porter.-But you can give your own
Guiteau.—My opinion is of no value. lam
not an export, not a juryman, not the court.
I decline to discuss the matter. This subject
was pursued no further. The questions thon
turned upon the facts surrouuding the asaaa
Judge Porter.—Yon felt no more remorse
for shooting the President than you did for
breaking the leg of the puppy-dog, years ago.
Guiteau.—Why, of course, bo far as I am
personally concerned I feel a remorse
Judge Porter (solemnly).—Remorse. My
examination is done.
Mr. Scoville called for other witnesses, but .
received no rospouse, and court, at 2.30, ad
Washington, Dec. 3.—Tho leading foaturo
of the Guiteau trial to-day was tho evidence
of Hon. Emory A. Storrs, who testified that
ho had been acquainted with Guiteau for the
last eight or nine yoars, and saw him during
the last presidential campaign in the rooms
of the Republican National Committee in Now
Q. —Did you form any opinion as to his men
tal condition ? A.—There was nothing in his
conversation about tho headquarters in Now
York that would lead me to form an opinion.
Altogether I had formed an opinion as to his
Q. —You can state what your conclusion
was ? A.—l am not an expert on the subject
of insanity or any other medical topic I havo
stated about all I havo seen. I cannot express
an opinion as to his sanity or insanity. I shall
express no opinion whatever as to his sanity
or insanity or as to tho degree of any mental
difficulty under which he may have been
laboring. My impression was that ho had an
ill-balanced judgment and an ill-balanced
mind, and did not have what the average man
would call good common souse.
Q. —You knew of tho breach in the Repub
lican party which aroeo about the time ot tho
disagreement between the President and Sen
ator Conkling ? A.—l knew of a disagreement
as to opinion. I am not prepared to reoognizo
the fact that there was a breach.
Q.—Stato whethor, in that political differ
ence, there was an element that iv your
opinion threatened a positivo and absolute
'disruption of tho Republican party?
The Witness—l think tho Republican party
is a pretty difficult thing to disrupt, and
while there was an clement in that very de
plorable controversy which would very seri
ously affect its success throughout the
country and its standing, my confidence in the
good sense of the rank aud file of that party
is so great that Ido not believe it would have
resulted in disruption. I think it would have
Mr. Storrs was cross-examined by Mr. Dav
id go as to the conclusion which he had formed
concerning Guiteau's mental condition. The
questions touching this point were objected to
by Mr. Scoville, but were permitted by the
Q.—Did you see anything in his conduct to
indicato any want of capacity to determine bo
tween right and wrong ? A.—No, sir. I havo
never seen anything iv Guiteau which led me
to believe that ho could not distinguish be
tween right and wrong.
Q.—lf you had missed your watch and had
reason to believe he took it, would you have
had him arrested? A.—l should have had
him arrested. I could not have got it any
other way—perhaps not then.
Q.—Nothing that came under your observa
tion made you doubt tho knowledge and appre
ciation of the prisonor for what ia called
crime ? A.—l never saw anything in the con
duct of tho prisoner that led me to believe
that ho could not distinguish and did not know
the difference between guilt and innocence and
did not know what crime waa.
Mr. Scoville took an exception to the ruling
of tho court in admitting those answers aa
testimony. He then resumed the redirect
examination, aB follows :
Q.—Did you ever converso with tho prisoner
on the subject of crime and its punishment ?
Q.—Or as to the right or wrong of any act ?
A.-—I think we have talkod about the right or
wrong of certain measures of politics. I
think he talked about tho democratio party
being right or wrong, and his views on that
subject coincided with miuo.
Q.—Do you reoolloct a conversation with me
in your office in Chicago ? A.—Yes.
l).—Do you remember tolling mo that you
considered him "off his base V" A.—"Off his
Q._What did you mean? A.—That ho had
an exceedingly ill-arranged and ill-balanced
mind, and lacked good sense.
Q. —Did you havo any conversation with
him after April, 1881 ? A.—No, sir.
The witness then left the stand, and Mrs.
Scoville aud J. Wilson Guiteau entered into
an excited coloquy, in which the former, in an
audible tone, declared that tho witness had
Honorable David Davis, of 111., was called ;
his tostimony was of a political nature and
had no direct bearing on tho insanity of the
prisoner, having never seen him nor knew
anything about him.
Other testimony given, tho nature of which
has been given in previous testimony. Tho
trial seems to bo lacking interest.
It (Uncovered, that catflih in Kan
sas have legs. This curious provision of
nature is intended to enable them to
take to the prairies -when the rivers dry