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HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNAWED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN.
s7m. STICKLEY, EdttorT STEPHENS CITY, FREDERICK CO., VA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1881. VOL. t-NCt. 23.
-wv_ THE GENIINE
SL lias acquired arcputa-
i at lon
B> i 1 -IJk Greater tlinn any
mi "• c,,,e exianl
y rife tho
_^fg__P_>_^ J_Pl_ Cli«'Bp©-ti Purenl
f 11 ml Besl Family
Q I it'll I ■'■ tf |1 1 V Medicine i" tho
T'acta with extraordinary power aud efficacy ou
tho Liver—tlie largest organ of the body, called,
lrom Ha importance, the notißKKEEian of oca
HK.ii in. Mini the Liver la torpid, tlio bowels are
hluhhi.li ami conatfpatea; the food lies iv the
fttnitiaeh Indigested and noisouiuK the blood. Fre
quent headaches, a leelini,' of laaaitude. despon
dency, and nervousness, indicate how the whole
av>tein is deranged. To prevent a more serioua con
dition, at once
I "!' **v siMVOxsUY! KKWa ILATOR
The tc:-t of time and the experience of thousands
havo i nrten it the best, saf nl and seediest lenifcdy
tor all difleanea of the Liver, Stomach and S)>leen.
Ab a remedy in-
Ovxri-i'-in, Meutfi 1 Deiireeaioii, Sick Head
ache, Jaundice. Colic, t 'oiistipatlou
IT' HAS JMO lEGiTT-A-I-.
AYe conld All a #nod sized volume with Huch like
difstinKuished testinionialu as* the following
"I have lined Simmons Liver KeKidator for consti
pation of my bowels, eauned by a temporary de
rangement of the liver, tor the last three or four
years, and al\va\s when used according to tho di
rections with uYeideo benefit.
HtitAM Waknei., late Chief Jußtice of Ga."
"I ocoHHsionallv use, when mv condition requires
it, Dr. SiiuUiousLivL-r BegQlfttor, with Roodefleet,
"Hull. AI.EXAMJKR H. SIKVENH."
The Hnltiinore Episcopal ■ fciho.lUi
sayw ; "Simmons Liver Regulator is acknowledged
to have no equal an a liver metiicine, contain*? those
Hnuthern toots and lutlis whioh an all-wise Provi
dence has plaued in emmtries where liver disease*
Buyonlv tlieGenuine in White Wrapper, with red
Z, prepared uulv by J. 11. Zeiliu & Co.
For Sale by Steele St Hro„ Sloven* City, Va.
GItOVE & BROTHER,
CONTRACTOB.S FOB PINK HOUSE PAINTING,
Main Street, Stephens City, Va.
The above firm are now prepared to do all
kindnof house, sign, fresco, scroll and orna,
mental painting; also, kalsonn'ning and glazing.
Ponohaaillg, an they do, pine paints and oils
at lowest wholesale prices, they are enabled to
do durable work at the lowest possible rates, ly
Has re-opened hie Tailoring Establishment
in Stephens City, Va., and will keep on hand
CLOTHS/rRiIMINaS, &C. Of All KilltlS.
He iv prepared to wait ou his customers
promptly in Gutting, Fitting, Making, &c. (
iv tho Latest Styles.
All lands of country produce taken in ex
change for work. His establishment will be
found in rear of Postotticc.
i)R7~S.~ m 7
Physician and Surgeon,
STEPHENS PITY, VA.
DR. J. wi"OWEN,
Will promptly attend to professional calls in
town or country. Has been in practice oyer
jStirOftiee at residence, near the Lutheran
church, on Mulberry street, ly
DR.THOS. J. MrLVLER.
Appreciates very highly, and returns thanks
to tlio citizens of Stephens City and surround
ing country, fur their conlidence and patronage
during tho six years he has practiced
medicine in their midst, and solicits a con
tinuance of the same. In the future, as in
the past, he will devote his whole time to his
profession, and can always be found at his resi
dence on Main street, unless absent profes
»3-Bpecial attention given to the diseases
of women and children. ly
ALLAN B. MAGRUDER,
And United States Commissioner,
Practices iv all the Courts in Winchester, Berry
viile and Woodstock, and in the Court of Ap
peals at Richmond and Staunton, and in the
United States Court ti at Harrisonburg.
Special attention paid to the security and
collection of debts.
Office at his residence on Main stroet. Im3
Successors to C. B. Meredith,
Watches & Jewelry,
ItEPAIKINO NEATLY DONE.
American, Elgin and Springfield Watches,
always ou hand. .Sole agents for
Wo. 95 loulouti St., Winchester. Va.
WM. 33. GEOVE,
WM.H. BROWN & BRO.,
IMI'OItTEKS AND WHOLESALE
25 S.Sharp St. Baltimore.
CAMPBELL & BEATTY
would respectfully inform the citizens
of Frederick county that they are now
prepared to furnish estimates and build
Houses, Barns, Etc.
They are also prepared to attend
funerals at short notice.
Coffins or Caskets
Finished at reasonable rates.
Washington, Dec. s.—The first expert wit
ness called was James O. Kiemens. Before
ho commonood, Guiteau said :
Before any export testimony begin a I deaire
to mako a short Bpooch. The very point
which I want tho experts to pass upon is this.
I havo statod it repeatedly and I will do it
again. When a man claims that he is im
pelled to do an illegal act from a power be
yond him, which ho cannot recall, when his
moral agency is nominated ; I want these ex
perts to say whether that is sanity or insanity.
"They will"he heard on that Bubjoet," re
marked the court. The witness testified that
he was a physician of Chicago, having grad
uated in medicine in 1874 ; that he was man
aging editor of the Chicago Medical Beview
and lecturer on medical diseases at the Chi
cago Mudical College.
Mr. Scovillo here read from manuscript a
hypothetical case, based upon the evidence
for defense, as follows : "Assume it to be a
fact that there waß a strong hereditary taint
of insanity iv the blood of the prisoner at the
bar ; also that at about tho ago of thirty-fivo
years his own mind waa so much deranged
that ho was a tit subject to be sent to an inaane
asylum ; also that at different times from that
date, during the next succeeding five years,
he manifested such decided symptoms of in
sanity, without simulation, that many differ
ent porsons conversing with him and* observ
ing this conduct believed him to bo insano ;
alao that during the month of June, 1881, at
about the expiratiou of said term of five years,
he honestly became dominated by the idea
that he was inspired of God to remove by
death the President oftho United States : alao
that he acted upon what he believed to be
such inspiration, and what he believed to be
in accordance with the Divine will, iv propa
tion for and in the accomplishment ol audi
a purpose ; also that he committed the act ol
shooting the President under what he be
hoved to bo a Divine command, which hi; was
not at liberty to disobey, and which beliei
amounted to a conviction that controlled his
conscience and overpowered hia will as to that
act, so that he could not resist the mental
pressure upon him j also that immediately
after the shooting he appeared calm, and as
one relieved by the performance of a great
duty ; also that there was uo adequate motive
for the act than the conviction that he was
executing the Diviuo will for the good of hia
country. Assuming all thcße propositions to
be true, state whether in your opinion the
prisoner was sane or insane at the timo of
shooting President Garfield V"
"Assuming these facts to be true, I should
say the prisoner was insane," replied the wit
ness. "Have you any doubt about it V "No,
sir." Tho witness waa then turned over for
cross-examination, which was conducted by
Mr. Davidge. The witness said ho waa
formerly connected with tho insane hospital
at Ward's Island ; he had been discharged
from there owing to having refused to sign a
certain death certificate, and on account of a
paper he read before a medical society. After
some further questions Mr. Davidge asked the
witness if he thought a strong case of hered
itary insanity had been made out in ovidence.
Mr. Scovillo objected to this question, as it
was the place of the jury to weigh tho evi
dence The judge sustained this objection,
but after some diaensaiou permitted Mr.
Davidge to aak the question in the following
form : "Assuming the evidonco submitted to
the jury to bo true, do you mean to say that a
strong caso of hereditary insanity had been
made out?" Mr. Scovillo objected to this,
aud finally, after some discussion, the prose
cution was permitted to ask if, conceding Mr.
North's testimony was true (Mr. North testi
fied to L. W. Guiteau's eraatkineas), the
witness considered the old gentleman insane.
"That waa the opinion, judge, of the entire
city of Freeport, said the prisoner, address
ing Mr. Davidge.- "We will show what the
opinion of the whole city of Freeport waa,"
retorted Mr. Davidge. "All right, show it
out," said the prisoner, and after a pause he
added : "A good man, lint badly cracked on
religion." The witness, baaing liis judgment
on Mr. North's testimony, said : "I should
regard Mr. Luther W. Guiteau as a person of
rather dubious mental condition. I have not
facts enough to form a decided opinion." The
substauce of tho evidence regarding other
members of the family alleged to be insane
having been submitted to witness in the form
of a query, he aaid he should certainly write
the case as oue of hereditary insanity. The
witness being questioned "as to Dr.' Bice's
evidence, he Baid he believed insanity could
exist without hallucination or delusion ; he
believed in what is called moral insanity. The
examination of the witness was frequently in
terrupted by discussions between eounsii'l as
to the admissibility of questions and replies.
The witness said that assuming Dr. Rice's
statement to be true—that tho prisoner was in
a state of exaltation and his judgment was
impaired—the prisoner, if sent to an insane
asylum, would not ho discharged.
The witness, bad, he said, seen two or three
if not more cases whero patients had labored
under a delusion of inspiration by the Deity,
and under that delusion had pursued tho ob
ject of tho so-called delusion, logically ; the
witness cited two cases that had como under
his notice of alleged inspiration ; the witness
did not think that fearlessness waß au unorring
indication of belief iv inspiration. In reply
to a question from Mr. Davidge the witncsß
said that if a man claimed to bo inspired, but
acted as a vulgar criminal, the presumptive
evidence against his claim would be strong.
Mr. Scoville objected that what Mr. Davidge
considered tho conduct of a vulgar criminal
and the opinion of the witness on the same
subject might be different, "You will please
to leave that word vulgar out, now," said the
prisoner. "There Is nothing vulgar about
this case. It Is all high-toned." The witness,
continuing, said that he had examined the
prisouer twice and watched bis conduct in
court, Mr, Davidge statod that he was not
at liberty to go into the examinations he had
mado of tho prisoner or his conduct in court.
Upon redirect examination the witness said ho
was discharged from the Ward's Island Hos
pital by Dr. Mac Donald because he had re
fused to sign a death certificate in the case of
a patient who was struck by a keeper and
killed, and because in discussing a paper
before tho New York Neurological Society he
had passed criticisms upon the management
of inaane asylums in thia country. Explaining
a statement in his cross-examination that he
did not believe in future rowards or punish
ments, the witness said : "I am, like a great
many scientific men, what is called an a_uos~
tic ; I don't know anything about that matter!
I want more evidence before I make up my
mind." Other expert witnesses wero exam
ined, but their opiuious were made up from
the leading questions put by Mr. Scoville to
the first witness.
Wabhinoton, December fl.—The Criminal
Court room was again densely crowded, many
doubtless attracted by the' expectation that
President Arthur would appear this morning
to testify in tho Guiteau ease. Upon the open
ing of tho court Guiteau announced that he had
prepared an order for tho attendance of tho
witnesses he had suggested on Saturday, and
ho would desire the court to sign It at onco.
The order was banded up to Judge Cox, and
Guiteau, apparently Batitiied that hia wishes
would be law to the court, settled back iv hi.)
chair and took up a morning paper. Mr. Sco
ville called Qeerge C Gorham, editor of the
Republican. Upon hia failing to respond,
Chas. P. Farweli, member of Congress from
Chicago, took tho stand, and waa questioned
upon the state of feeling between the faotions
of the Republican party just previous to the
shooting of President Garfield. Judge Porter
objected to taking up the time of the
court hy ontoring upon a Held of inquiry
whero tho facta of the cane were of puhlic
noto. Haid Judge Porter: "If tho Itcpuhlican
party was in (estate of disruption it could not
bo sustained by the opinion of witnesses, sane
or insano. If there is any purpose it iB to
show that tho prisoner acted under a reason
able conviction of actual facts and is not
insane. If, on tho other hand, counsel pro
poses to provo that the Hepnblican party was
not in danger of disruption, and tliat.it was
not needful to save the republic, we will save
all trouble by admittiug this fact on the part
of the government." Mr. Scoville. —Very well,
thon ; I will pass to another subject. Wit
ness waß then questioned as to hi* acquain
tance with the prisoner, and stated that he
mot the prisoner in Chicago; the prisoner
called upon him (witness) at his oftico, and
showing some newspaper slips said he was
about to purchase the lutor-Ocean newspaper
and told witness if ho would loan him §200,
--000 ho would mako him (witness) President of
the United States. Guiteau.—(emphatically)
That is false. I never made any suoh proposi
tion. I asked him to invest some money in
tho enterprise, but he said he had already put
$10,000 into the Inter-Ocean and would not
put in any more. Witness again saw the
prisoner at the Arlington Hotel in March lard ;
prisoner had a recommendation for the Paris
consulship aud wanted witness to sign it;
witness never thought tho prisoner a sane
man. Upon cross-examination witness was
asked if in the conversations mentioned he
had any opportunity to form an opinion
whether the prisoner was able to distinguish
between right and wrong. Mr. Scoville ob
jected to the question and argued at great
length in support of his objection. Guiteau
continually broke in and insisted that the
question had no bearing on the case ; that
his mind all through was a blank on the ques
tion of right and wrong ; that he was impelled
by an inspiration which he could not resist.
Judge Cox ruled that tho question could be
entertained, and it waß again put. Witness
thought there were grades of insanity, and
did not think the prisoner was so insane but
that he could distinguish between right and
wrong. Mr. Scoville desired to noto an ex
ception. Guiteau again broke iv excitedly:
'■1 want thi* understood right here. It will
put a stop to all this irrelevant nonsenso ; I
acted from :ui Inspiration. 1 ' Judge Cox.—
Well, that will dn, prisoner. You have said
that a great many times, and you must not
interrupt the court again. Mr. Gorham took
the stand. Another discussion ensued be
tween counsel upon the form of questions, in
which Guiteau insisted upon taking part.
Turning to Mr. Scoville, he said : "You are
getting ii little cracked, yourself, on this sub
ject. I won't havo your line of defense ; it is
altogether too narrow." Mr. Gorham was
told to step down, when Guiteau shouted out,
"Come back, Mr. Gorham ; I want to ask you
a few questions. I want you to state whether
you did not write and publish in last April,
May and June a great many very bitter arti
cles denouncing President Garfield for
wrecking the Republican party ?" Mr. Gor
ham.—l decline to answer that question, un
less ordered by the court; the files of the Re
publican speak for themselves. Judge Cox.
—You can produco the tiles, Mr. Prisoner,
but you cannot compel the witness to state
what those files contain. Guiteau.—Very
well, Mr. Gorham, I shall have you on the
stand later with your tiles : I propose to show
how your paper denounced the President for
disrupting the Itcpuhlican party. Guiteau,
at Mr. Scoville's suggestion, then read a chap
ter from his book, "Truth," which set forth
tho trials and teachings of St. Paul, elaborat
ing and explaining' as he read. "That's my
case exactly," said Guiteau ; "that's just the
way I tried to preach the Gospel." Shortly
afterward the prisoner became iuvolved in an
angry altercation with Mr. Scoville, in the
course of which he became very violent and
denounced him as no politician and no
lawyer. "You insinuated yourself upon the
defense just because you happened to bo my
brother-in-law," said Guiteau. Judge Porter
undertook to address the court, when Guiteau
snouted imperiously: "Now you just keep
quiet Mr. Judgo P.irtor. You "are altogether
too talkative this morning.
Mr. Scovillo statod that he desired to have
President Arthur testify in the case.
Guiteau (interrupting.) Yes, and Grant and
Conkling and the rest of my political friends.
Scoville hero takes altogether too narrow a
view of this caso.
Mr. Scoville, continuing, said he had made
every effort to secure the President's attend
ance, but. without success. It was absolutely
essential to obtain his testimony.
Alter some discussion counsel for prosecu
tion agreed to allow Mr. Scoville to prepare
interrogatories to bo submitted to tho Presi
deet and to allow his ovidence in this form to
be put iv later.
Mr. Scoville stated that with this exception
the defense had concluded.
Guiteau (excitedly.) 1 want that order
Judge Cox. I fail to see the necessity for
summoning the witnosses'you have named,
and shall therefore refuse the order, Mr.
Guiteau. Then I note an exception. Re
porter, put that down.
Mr. Scoville then produced Guiteau's book,
"Truth," which had beeu put iv evidence, but
not yet read to the jury. Guiteau.—Scoville,
you'read like a school-boy; you dou't put
any spirit into it; let me read. Guiteau then
began the reading. He apologized to the
audience, by way of preface, by saylug: "La
dies and gentlemen, I have not had auy prau
ticc for so long that my voieo may be a little
husky. I will, however, do the best I oan. I
hope you will give your attention ; you will
find siimo very Interesting reading." Some
confusion enauod Iv the rear of Hie court
room ; which greatly annoyed Guiteau, and
he appealed petulantly to Judge Cox, saying,
"I must havo order in this room, or 1 cannot
be heard." Then, turning partly around to
the audience—"lf any one wants to go out, let
them go now; but you must keep order,
ladies and gentlemen." Counsel for the pro.
Meention objected to the reading of the whole
book, and after some dismission it was ar
ranged that Mr. Scovillo should murk such
passages hh he intends to rely upon or touch
uiion in his argument and submit the book to
the prosecution tu-niorrow. With this under
standing and the agreement between counsel
relative to the evidence of President Arthur,
Mr. Scoville announced the close of the de
feiißO. At the request of Col. Corkhill, court
waa then adjourned till (a-morroW morn
ing, when tho prosecution will illU'o
duec their evidence in rebuttal.
Several witnesses were examined in refer
ence to the insanity of the elder Guiteau,
which Ih Hummed up in the annexed evidenoo:
E. P. Barton, lawyer, of Freeport, Hl.—Been
thore since 1850, kuew the prlsoncir's father
well, and was a frequent visitor at his house.
His reputation was that of an honest, clear
headed man. He was intelligent and well
informed and logical. Wituesg, in the March
before old Mr. Guiteau's death, drew his will
for him. Witness never had a suspicion that
he wits (nsape. Witness knew Guiteau's
uncle Abraiu, and did. pot consider him in
sane. Kuew L, \V. Guiteau, (ijurlps J. (lui
teati, Abrani Guiteau and his fanitlv. MM
Flora Guiteau and L. W. Guiteau, all of the
family that he ever knew, were perfectly sane.
Miss Flora teaches in the publio school, and
L. W. Guiteau, Jr., is teller in a bank. Dr.
Benjamin f, Buairiev, physiujan, of Freeport
since 1846 (except from 1858 to 1857), knew
tho prisoner's father and his family i was Ms
family physiuiau during the last of his
life. Mr. Uiliteaii was ft most intelligent,
Iml .lie-spirited man, a promoter of public ed
ucation, temperance, etc Had talked often
with him concerning his health. He was a
docile patient. Witness never saw the slight
est taint of insanity in him. Witness never
knew Mr. Guiteau to have any peculiar opin
ions on tho subject of tho cure of disease.
Never knew him to attempt to cure his daugh
ter by prayer. As Dr. llucklev was about to
leave the stand Mr. John W. Guiteau rose aud
asked the counsel for the prosecution to ask
Dr. Buckley such questions as would show
that his sister Flora had no taint of insanity.
He thought it a shame that her name should
be introduced here as of one likely to be in-
Isane. The District Attorney. I will do so. This
attempt to smirch a girl'is unpardonable."
Mr. Scoville.—The only thing that is unpar
donable is the remark of the District Attorney.
The District Attorney said he had received a
letter from Miss Flora Guiteau complaining
of the false position in which Mr. Scoville had
filaced her. She was an unmarried young
ady, and this imputation might seriously
Injure Uer. Dr. Buckley said Miss Guiteau
*.had*4 nervous affection of the heart, produc
ing goitre iv the neck and enlargement of the
eyeball—no sort of mental disease. She
stands high iv the community as a lady of
very superior mind. Smith li. Atkins, editor
of the Freeport Republican, knew tho pris
oner's father from 1848 until his death ; helped
him to get the clerk's otliee and showed him
ils routine. Nover saw the slightest sign of
insanity iv him. No man was more consulted
in business enterprises. Had belonged to his
Bible class and heard him expound the Bible
with ability aud volubility. Knew Thos.
North. He was at first a Methodist preacher,
but was expelled for lascivious teachings.
Did not think Mr. Ammerling was a man that
old Mr. Guiteau would make an associate.
Nover heard that any of the Guiteaus wore
Anson A. Babcock, id' Freeport, farmer,
was intimately acquainted with the prisoner's
father ; never Baw anything insane about him ;
never saw any of tho'Guiteaus that showed
As soon as this witness retired from the
stand Guiteau said in a loud voico: "lam
very glad General Arthur has rapped the
Mormons in his message. I hopo he will do
it again. I think he is going to make an ex
cellent administration." D. H. Suuderland,
of Freeport, a State Senator, testified that he
knew the prisoner's father and his family for
many years. Never saw anything unsound
iv the minds of any of them". The prisoner
came to school to witness. Can recall
nothing different in him from other boys.
He was then quite a small lad. The name
of the prisoner's father, fj. W. Guiteau, is in
scribed on one of the school buildings at
Freeport iv honor of his zeal antl service in
the cause of public education. The school
building is called the "Guiteau Building."
Washinoton, December 7.—At the opening
of tho court the prisoner made his usual
speech in regard to having Grant, Conkling
aud other celebrities summoned. After pre
liminaries between the lawyers wero settled
Goneral Sherman was called to the witness'
stand. The witness was shown by the District
Attorney a letter, which he examined. This
letter was handed to witness at 11:35 A. M., at
his office, in the war Department, by Major
Brock, of the police, and Major Twining, the
District commissioner. The United States mil
itary force was ordered out immediately, as
Witness thought it possible that the shooting
waß part of a general plot and part of a con
spiracy pervading the country, and it was
needful in auy contingency that the troops
Bhould act promptly. Witness, after sending
a special order to the arsenal, went at once to
the depot, aud then back to the War Depart
ment, where he had means of communication
with the city and the couutry, so that he could
meet any contingency that might arise. Gui
teau.—Resulting, General, from the political
situation, did it not? Cross-examined.—Wit
ness found that there was no plot, but that
the shooting w r as the act of one man. Guiteau,
(as General Sherman left the stand.) —Much
obliged to you, General, for sending troops
for my protection. I would not have been
here if it had notjbeen for you.
Washington, December 8. —The court-room
was again densely packed this morning, and
the pressure upon Marshal Henry for tickets
of admission was greater than for several
days. The character of the •witnesses pre
sented by the prosecution and the character
of their testimony has produced a marked
effect upon the public mind. Many who had
begun to think that the plea of insanity would
be readily sustained now express the opiuiou
that the evidence of yesterday has completely
overthrown the theory of hereditary insanity,
upon which, as its coruer-stone, the structure
of tho defense had been erected. Several
witnesses were examined whose testimony
was decidedly opposed to the iusanitv theory.
We quote the evidence of Mrs. \\ v ilson, of
Leadville, Colorado. She kuew L. W. Guiteau
from her earliest recollection ; he was her
uncle ; witness gavo a most feeling account of
the life aud character of her mother, Mrs.
Maynard, who, it had beeu alleged by tho
deleuse, had died insane, but who really died
from pneumonia iv 1850 ; her mother was
noted for her lovely disposition and Christian
character, aud her virtues are remembered
aud spoken of to this day ; witness was her
nurse and constant attendant up to the hour
of her death, and never saw the slightest in
dication of Mightiness or insanity. Witness
was questioned in relation to the evidence of
Mr. Davis, one of the witnesses for the defense.
Mr. Davis had testified that he was at one
time in Mrs. Mavnard's room during her ill
ness, and that she was very flighty aud inco
herent, and continually charged him (Davis)
to look out for her husband and children, for
sho feared they would go to the poor-house.
The witness (Mrs. Wilson) smiled incredu
lously while the question was being put, and
replied that she did not even remember tho
man Davis, and thought it very improbable
that he was over in the preseuoeof her mother
at that time j she was constantly with hor
mother and nevor saw ur heard anything of
Col. Corkhill This man Davis testified ill
regard to your sister Abbie : "Wo used to
call her foolish Abbie." Do you know any
thing of this ? _.— It may be possible, sir. ' I
do not know who this man Davis is. He may
have been one of those rude boys to be met
most everywhere. Tho depositiou of Mr.
Turner was read, in which he said : "I have
heard her husband say she died insane," and
witness was questioned in regard to it. Mr.
Scoville objected to the reply, "I never heard
of it," and a lively discussion ensued botween
Judge Porter and M_. Scoville. Guiteau be
came enraged at Judge Porter aud shouted,
"Now, hold your thunder till you get to the
jury, judge." You are doing this sort of thing
t»o muoh." judge Porter, without noticing
the outburst, continued iv the most impres
sive manner to argue his point, when Guiteau
broke in agalu ; "I'm not a criminal aud I
won't be till I'm convicted. I won't have that
word. You Just hold your evidence until you
got at the Jury."
Mr. Scovillo expostulated with him, but ho
retortod in the most vicious manner ; "Shut
up and mind your business. I know what I'm
doing." After this little Bceue, with its
attendant ripple of excitement, the examina
tion progressed without further incident until
11.15. Witness was questioned in regard to
the various members of the family, and stated
positively that she nover saw indications of
insanity In any of them. Sptakiug of the
prisoner's father, L. W. Guiteau, witness said,
My uncle Luther viHited me frequently, and
I loved him with a very tender affection. Our
whole family were delighted with his lovely,
Christian character, and such a thought as that
he might in any degree he of unsound mind
never entered my head," Her ovidenoe In
ehjof remained unshaken, and her testimony
undoubtedly produoed a marked sonsatlon.
Her refined manners, well-chosen language
and evident intelligence and sincerity were
markedly in Contrast with the appearance of
many of tho witnesses for the dofouse, whose
evidence she flatly contradicted.
Tho excessive crowd at the court was from the
expected appearance of President Arthur as a
witness. Ho did not appear, but sent replies
to questions propounded by Mr. Scoville,
which we give. Q.—Do you know the prisoner
in this case? A.—Yes. Q.—How many times,
and when and where did you ever see him r
A. —I have seen him at least ten times, pos
sibly as often as twenty times altogether,
mostly in and about the rooms of the Republi
can State committee, in the Fifth Avenue
Hotel, New York City, in the fall of 1880, aud
two or three times in the streets of Washington
in the spring of 1881. Q.—What conversa
tions, if any, did you have with him? A.—
None, excepting to return the ordinary saluta
tions of the day, and onco or twice in answer
to his requests to bo employed in the cam
paign as a speaker by the Republican State
committee, of which I was chairman. Q. —
What political services, if any, did the prisoner
render to the Republican party during the last
presidential campaign? A.-None, that I know of.
Q. Was thero ever anything to your knowl
edge fn his relations to yourself or to General
Grant, or to Senator Conkling, or to any other
leaders oftho Republican party, socially or
politically,furnishing ashadow of a reasonable
claim on his part tor political preferment?
A. No. Q. Did you or not ever give him any
reason to think that he had or could have any
political or personal influence with you ?
A. I never did ; I have been requested by the
counsel for tho defense to produce a letter
written by the prisoner and inclosed to me by
his counsel since his indictment; that letter
was received by me in the mouth of October
last, and was not preserved ; I do not remem
ber its contents particularly, excepting that it
contained somo claim to have rendered impor
tant service to the Republican party in the
Presidential campaign, and an appeal for post
ponement of his trial to give bun time to pre
pare bis defense. Signed—Chestir A. Arthur.
R. S. McArthur, pastor of the Calvary Baptist
Church, New York, testified at great length and
gave a very thrilling account of his knowledge
of Guiteau's life and evil practices in New York.
After which the court adjourned until to-mor
Washington, Dec. 9.—Tho sceues in the
court to-day exceeded in abuse by the prisoner
any of the previous days sinco the opening of
the case. McArthur, the witness who was
on the stand at the adjournment of the court
yesterday, was recalled. Guiteau shouted
out, "Your honor !" Mr. Seoviilc — Keep
still, please. Guiteau—Well, then, you state
it at onco. If you don't, I will. Mr. Scoville
then addressed the court, and objected to the
character of the evidence which had been
given by the witness, on tho ground that evi
dence as to any other crimes could not be
introduced hero when the prisoner is on trial
for this particular offence. He desired that
all such evidence should be stricken out.
Guiteau here broke in excitedly and shouted
out, "It is purely in the nature of a confes
sional. Mr. Mr." McArthur is not an expert or
a lawyer, and I objoct to his tolling tho jury
and the American people facts which I told
him years ago in regard to my history." The
Court—The Court ruled that the evidence
could be admitted as tending to show tho gen
eral character of tho prisoner. Colonel Cotk
hill—Did you ever see anything in tho prisoner
to indicate insanity? Answer—No, sir, I
never did. Guiteau here broke into one of his
noisy harangues, and, despite the caution of
the court and expostulations of tho counsel,
proceeded to express his opinion of Dr. Mac-
Arthur in terms more complimentary than
delicate. Turning to the reporters' tables, he
declaimed for some minutes against the "scan
dalous reports" of his character, and singling
out the reporter of the Republican, shook his
fist at him threateningly. Colonel Corkhill
desired the court to restrain the prisoner,
when Guiteau turned to him and said . "You
go slow, Corkhill ; you are spotted, and as
soon as this business is over the President
will remove yon." Upon cross-examination, Mr.
Scoville asked : "How many private interviews
did you have with the prisoner ?" Answer—
If you count those upon the street coruers,
when he waylaid mc to solicit aid, thore were
a great many. Mr. Scoville—(very angrily.)—
I don't want any discourses on theology or
anything of that sort. The witness is an in
telligent man, aud ought to know how to
answer a simple question. We have had day
laborers here who could answer. Witness—lt
depends upon what you mean by private in
Mr.Scovillc.—Don't you know what that word
means. Is it so uncommon that you can't un
derstand it? Witness (calmly and with
dignity) —"I am v.;ry sorry the counsel should
allow himself to become se excited." Mr.
Scoville (angrily.) —"Will you answer or not?''
Witness.- -"I had but few interviews alone
with him. Those wero in my private parlor.
Witness never saw any indication of insanity.
The interviews related mostly to tho prisoner's
prospects in business. W. S. Caldwell, physi
cian.—Treated L. W. Guiteau during his last
illness, and never detected any evidence of
mental Unsoundness. Ho never heard L. W.
Guiteau speak of any mental delusions under
which ho sueffrcd.
George W. Plnmmerwas called to tho stand.
Guiteau immediately shouted, "I owe this
man $20, and it has cost the government $200
to get him here. 1 think the President's at
tention Bhould be called to the way you are
squandering the government's money, Cork
hill. He might bounce you at once. You'll
cost the government two or three hundred
thousand dollars at this rate." Witness
allowed the prisonor to occupy a desk in his
law office at Chicago for some months. The
prisoner moved out, and during his absence
took his desk with him. Witness
went after it, and prisoner paid him for it.
Prisoner seemed to have a good deal of collec
tion business, and went in and out liko any
busy man. Guiteau continually interrupted,
and finally witness said to him, "It seems that
your close relations with the Deity of late have
corrupted your manners." [Laughter, in
which the prisoner joined heartily.] Gui
teau.—"Well, that ain't so bad, Plummcr, for
a Western pun." Witness nover saw any signs
of insanity in tho prisoner. Oil the contrary,
considered him rather a bright fellow. Gran
ville B. Howes, judge of tho Marine court,
New York, let the prisoner havo desk room in
his office for about eight months. Ho never
doteotod any signs of insanity in the prisoner.
Ho met lii'in but casually, to be sure, but
always found him polito and gentlemanly.
Warren O. Brown, attorney at law, New
York, was counsel for Mrs. Guiteau iv obtain
ing her divorce from the prisouer. Witness
saw and talked with the prisoner several
times during the four months that the ease
was pending and never saw anything to Indi
cate that the prisoner was not as rational as
any other man. Hon. Benj. Harrison, of
Indiana, testified as to conversations with
Guiteau last spring in regard to- Guiteau's
application for office. Saw nothing in him
then which indicated anything like insanity.
Guiteau.--My conversation with the Senator
was social. The Senator is a good fellow. D.
McLaue Shaw was the next witness called.
Guiteau exclaimed: "I have not seen Mr.
Shaw since 1874. He is a good fellow, and I
owe him $50. I suppose this is another im
portant part of your evideuoe, eolonol ?" Wit
ness rented desk room to Guiteau, aud as
usual held a claim against the prisouer tor
rent. Guiteau commented on the witness :"I
owed liliu $00 or $00, and he never could see
any good In me after." Witness had frequent
conversations with prisoner. He-iiuiind him
vain and egotistical, and desirous of notoriety.
Prisoner once told witness he was bound to
have notoriety some way before he died. If he
could not get it one way he would another.
He might kill some big man and imitate
Wilkes Booth. Guiteau (with Sashing eyes)
shouted, "You are a mean, sneaking liar. I
never said auy such thing. You will be a
laughing stock in Hew York." Witneas con
tinued : "The conversation took place in my
office : I can't, of course, fix the date."
Guiteau.—''Of course you can't, you mean,
miserable whelp. You're a liar. "You low,
dirty puppy, you, to come hero and lie about
me. I'll show you up. You used to go to see
mv wife, and slie told me so." Witness said :
"f told him if he should imitate Wilkes Booth
In' would lie hung, and he replied, 'That's au
after consideration ; I'll, get the notoriety,
anyway.' " The prisoner.—l have not known
anything about tins man Shaw for eight years,
but when he repeats this kind of testimony I
say to him, "You area liar—a low, dirty liar !"
I never had that kind of conversation with
you in my life, and you know it; you claim to
be a good churobmau, too ; that story is a
falsehood from beginning to end, and yon are
a sneaking liar, that is my opinion of you ; I
will publish you all over the world, antl when
you go back to New York you will be the
laughing stock of all your "friends ; I never
thought so aud I never said so ; I would like
you to state all about it in detail ; if you can
not do that you stand condemned as a liar.
At this stage of the proceedings the court ad
journed over until Monday.
James B. Jenkins has been appointed
inspector of tobacco, snuff and cigars,
for the Fifth district of Virginia.
The General-Assembly of Virginia
rriet last week in biennial session.
In the Senato, Lieutenant Governor
Walker presiding, the following officers
were elected: Charles H. Causey, of
Nanßemond, clerk ; William A. French,
of Giles, sergeant-at-arms; Peter J.
Carter (colored.) of Northampton, door
keeper. General Wyatt M. Elliott, of
Appomattox, was elected president pro
tern. The House organized by the
election of the following officers : J. C.
Fowler, of Washington county, speaker ;
P. H. Mc.Caull, of Pulaski, clerk; W.
F. Humphrey, of Hanover, sergeant-at
arms ; C. 11. L. Harris (colored,) of
Norfolk city, first doorkeeper ; J. W.
Southard, of Henrico, Koond door
keeper. Both houses having perfected
their organization, a joint committee
was appointed to notify the governor of
the fact. Subsequently Governor Uolli
day sent in his message, which was read
and extra copies ordered to be printed.
The Norfolk and Western railroad
has ordered two thousand additional
freight cars to accommodate its in
A hunting party from Albemarle
county killed, thirteen deer, besides
smaller game in large quantities, in tho
mountains of West Augusta last week.
When through connection is made
between Norfolk and Newport News, it
is said that the time between Bichmond
and Norfolk will be only three hours.
Professor E. A. Freeman, the eminent
English historian, expects to spend
Christmas with his son in Orange
county. Ho will return to England in
During the month of November tho
nine warehouses at Danville sold 2,228,
--880 pounds of tobacco, which brought
$241,389,00, being an average of $12.31
per hundred pounds.
A Colonization society, with a capital
of 83,000,0i'0, has been formed in New
York city to take up the vinelands of
Virginia and North Carolina, and assist
French immigrants to settle on them.
The president of the New York and
Havie steamship company, Mr. De
Bibion, is now in the South making
arrangements for carrying out tho plans
of tie company.
The militia are still on duty in Coal
Valley, Kananwa county, but there have
been no new outbreaks at the mines.
George Weir pleaded guilty at Wheel
ing, W.Va., of murder in the second de
gree in killing Sterling Biggs, Christ
mas, 1880, at St. Clairsville. Ohio, and
was sentenced to life imprisonment in
the Ohio Penitentiary.
It is confidently stated that Governor
Jackson has his eyes fixed on Senator
Davis' senatorial shoes.
Farmers generally unite in saj ing that
the growing wheat of the state never
looked better at this season of the year
than it does at the pronent time.
Bishop George W. Peterkin, of tho
Episcopal diocese of this state, has been
iusttumental in the building of fifteen
new churches since he took charge of
Mr. R. S. Bliss last week delivered on
Mud river, two miles below Hamlinr
Lincoln county, a walnut tree trunk,
fifty-eight feet long, seven feetdiamote,
at tho but, and three feet eleven inches
at the tup.
No application will b9 made at the
December term of the Berkeley county
court for the issue of the county bonds
for the extension of the railroad tnWin
chester ; bnt it is probable that the
court will be asked to fix some day in
January for a special term to consider
Governor Jackson has appointed W.
F. Butler to the position of adjutant
general and State librarian made vacant
by the resignation of E. L. Wood.
Fredericksburg papers complain that
it affords less material for their local
columns than any outside village in the
state. Nothing ever happens there, and
it is the samo staid, quiet, respectable,
sleepy-headed old borough that it
always was. It never experiences what
a real sensation in.
Tho bill to establish the Central
Lunatic Asylum for colored people at
Petersburg, which failed for lack of the
requisite two-thirds vote at the last ses
sion, will be revived at an early period
of the present legislature, with a pros
pect of its speedy passage.