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Stephens City star. (Stephens City, Va.) 1881-1883, December 17, 1881, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2008060934/1881-12-17/ed-1/seq-4/

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THE NEWS.
After December, Haytion consuls ami com
mercial agents will cease to receive fees for
certifying invoices of goods shipped to Hayti,
though such certification is still exacted, and
its neglect exposes to a fine of fifty dollars.
The fly has mado sad havoc in tho wheat
fields of Southwestern Michigan, Fully one
half of the wheat in many fields has been de
stroyed within a few weeks.
Crainrising & Co., boot and shoe merchants
of Boston, are reported to have failed. Their
liabilities are estimated at $150,000 to $200,
--000.
The secretary of the State Board of Health
of California writes to Health Commissioner
Francis, of St. Louis, to say the state has
quarantined agaiusi Chicago.
A drove of 11,000 sheep arrived at Lincoln,
Neb., from Washington Territory. They have
been two years on the road.
Auother infernal machine, of similar char
acter to the first, was found on the samo spot
at the court-house at Montreal by the two
boys who made the original discovery. It
had gone off, but apparently without doing
any injury. The lads who brought it to the
police station say it was lyiug beside the first
machine found by them when thoy removed
the latter, but a man who was present told
them not to disturb it.
The State Department is informed by the
Belgian minister here that the King of Bel
gium has decreed a prize to be offered in 1885
for the best system of popularizing the study I
of geography. The competition for the prize
is to be international.
At the recent election hold in Massachu
setts the No License party were successful.
At Wilmington, Del., the jury in the case of
William Noal, colored, charged with outraging
Mrs. Margaret Goßser, rendered a verdict of
notguilty. This was Neals second trial. He
was first convicted in May, 1880. After being
released he spirited away in a closed
carriage, as threats of lynching were threat
ened.
J. S. Birdsal, wholesale druggist at Seoond
aud Main streets, Cincinnati, has made an
assignment to B. H. Cox. The assignoo is for
$120,000. Tho creditors are mostly in the
East.
The city authorities of Chicago are at last
taking energetic measures to arrest the spread
of the small-pot. The vaccination of all per
sons will be insisted upon.
Three members of tho present House of
Representative! come from contiguous coun
ties, although from different states. These
are Mr. Martin, of Sussex county, Del., Mr.
Covington, of Worcester county, Mil., and Mr.
Garrison, of Accomac county, Va. This, pro
bably, could not happen in any other part oi
the United States.
The experiment of lighting Chestnut street,
Philadelphia, with electric light is regarded
as such a complete success that at the nexl
meeting of the council Mayor King will sug
gest the passage of an ordinance to have the
entire city lighted with electricity.
Jefferson Davis, accompanied' by hia wife
and daughter, arrived at New York from
Europe on the steamship Ncckar, aud loft for
Louisville, Ky.
George Holden and Frank White, the pugi
lists, who were caught in Ohio while engaged
iv a prize fight, are still confined at Jefferson
in a small building, with wiudows so near the
ceiling that nothing can bo seen outside
r friends are endeavoring to raise money
for the $1,200 bail in each case. The trials
are to tako place in Jair.iary.
Ex-Chief Jitstice John M. Barbour, of Now
York, died suddenly in New York city.
The Bey. T. E. Aldrich, a pastor at Middle
town, Ok, has been arrested for beating his
wife. He haß been a successful temperance
worker, but, it is charged, usually got drunk
after every sermon and whipped his wife
when he got home.
Judge Potter, of the Supreme Court of
Rhode Island, granted an injunction staying
the sale of the Sprague print works. Consid
erable feeling was manifested in consequence.
Counterfeit five-dollar photographic notes
on the Boylestou National Bank of Boston, are
in circulation, but to what extent is unknown.
The total amount of V/ a continued bonds
received for redemption under the 105 th call
up to date is $13,734,200.
The mayor's office at Bellaire, Ohio, was
broken open, the keys of the lockup taken
from a drawer, and three prisoners confined
in the cells were turned out into the streets.
The burglars carried off a clock, three revol
vers, pair of handcuffs, and threw out some
of the office books.
The Director of the U. 8. Mint reports that
he profits have $9,752,210.51, which, with the
profits on hand at the mints July 1, 1878—
$424,725.47-.and $4,500.30 profits on trade
dollars and surplus bullion credited to the
same account, make a total of $10,181,49(1.31.
Of this amount $8,771,374.81 has been depos
ited h) the Treasury; $2,221,124.78 paid for
"expenßeß of distribution," aud $84,351.29 paid
for wastages aud losses by sale of sweeps,
leaving in the mints July 1,1881, $1,101,045.43,
which was verified by actual count ou the
30th of June last by representatives from tho
Treasury Department-
Secretary Hunt haa approved the findings
of court-martials in the following cases:
Passed Assistant Paymaster Frank Plunkett,
convicted ©f scandalous conduct aud disobe
dience of orders, and sentenced to be dis
missed from the service ; and Quartermaster
John Shortell, convicted of bad conduct and
disrespectful language to bis superior officer,
aud sentenced to six months' imprisonment.
The Goneral Superintendent of railway
mail servico has ordered that heroafter, upon
the first of every month, division superin
tendents will cause to bo printed, by tho
electric-pon process, a list of all articlea found
loose in the mails by employes during the
preceding mouth, giving a description of the
articles, from what source received, the
date received, by whom turned in,
the name of tho postoffice in which
they are deposited by tho division superinten
dent for transmission to ttio dead-letter office,
and the date of such doposit. Ono of these
printed lists will be sent to every first-class
poatofliee in the United States.
The extension contracting supply firm and
hank of A. R. Niningcr A Co., at Milos City,
D. T., have failed. Their liabilities aro re
ported to be $285,000.
Colonel John W. Forney diod at his resi
dence in Philadelphia. The news of his death
was not wholly unexpected, as he has been
suffering for suine months, and several days
ago intimate friends were notified of a de
cided change for the worse in his condition.
Great frauds on the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fe Road have just been discovered.
They consist of a combination among the boss
section men, boarding house keepers and
others along the entire line, by whioh ficti
tious names wore carried ou the pay-roll. It
is supposed two hundred men have heen
engaged in the swindle, aud from ono to two
hundred thousand dollars stolen. Eighteen
men have boon arrested and placed in jail.
The list includes fifty prominent and rich
men. Attachments to tho amount of $80,000
have been issued, and a large amount of
property levied upon.
The burning of tho boarding-house at Mor
ristuwn, N. J., by which two females lost their
lives, was attended by several narrow escapes
to the other occupants.
A four-story brick buildiug, occupied by T.
Stoute's Son, fell iv Indianapolis owing to
having weights on tho upper floors. The
building is a total wrack, and the goods it
coutained are much damaged.
A sensation has beeu oroated in the City of
Mexico by an American named Greenwood
endeavoring to bribe senators to secure a
privilege. A committee of investigation has
been appointed.
The present navy of the Uuited Statos is, as
every one concedes, a very humorous affair.
Consisting, uh it does, of ships that cannot go
to sea, aud that would bo incapable of fight"
Ing even if they could be kept afloat, it is
characteristically American in its humorous
incongruity. Bnt American humor has
j reached even a higher mark in our artillery.
Our guns are, if possible, more comic than
our ships, and if we are really to have a se
rious navy, one of the necessities' of the case
will bo to arm it with serious gnus.
The wife of August Fischer, of Milwaukee,
became jealous of him because she saw an
announcement in the papers of the contem
plated marriage of a person of the samo name
as her husband, aud after an altercation,
seized an axe and struck him three heavy
blows, one of which penetrated the skull, and
from tho effects of which ho will undoubtedly
die.
At Baltimore, Becker A Bro'a. box factory
was destroyed by fire. Fully insured.
Tho Canton grape sugar refinery at Balti
more was badly damaged by fire.
A committee was appointed by tne Board of
Aldermen of Cincinnati to investigate tho cost
of lighting with electricity the parks, public
sipiares, pnblio landings, publio buildings
and such othor places as the council may de
termine.
Smallpox is spreading in Chicago, and the
preventative measures taken by the health
authorities do not seem to arrest the disease,
Sixteen cases are reported at Jefferson, 111.
Southern News,
Governor MeEury, of Louisiana, in his mos
sage to the legislature, says, in regard to the
credit of the stato : "Her assessment roll for
ISBO shows a valuation of $177,096,459, and for
18811181,660,391, This is wrong, and should
be corrected. Bnoh valuations do us no
credit. When the property of this state is
thoroughly assessed, oven at two-thirds of
its value, it will show a valuation of quite
J800,000,000. The constitutional limit on taxa
tion will then be more than sufficient; the tax
rate can then be reduced, tho state govern
ment sustained, and our state debt annually
decreased, confidence will bo restored, our
brmds will be ou the market at reasonable in
terest, commanding premium, capital will
readily find its way here, aud wo will not
I longer be humiliated at tho low credit of our
Btate."
Tho entire manufacturing department of
Chery, O'Connor & Co., lessees of the State
penitentiary at Nashville, Term., was burned,
together with a large quantity of manufactured
goods. Loss over insurance about $250,000.
Many of the convicts exerted themselves to
save tho property of the lessees, and notwith
standing tho excitement and confusion only
six of them escaped from custody, although at
one timo hundreds could have gained their
liberty by a rush through the crowd of specta
tors.
Governor Hawkins, of Tennessee, celebrates
his birthday anniversary regularly by a hunting
trip to the mountains.
Mrs. Anglin learned that her husband was
at the house of a Mrs. Jackson. She took a
large, sharp knife and went to Mrs. Jackson's
house and stabbed her iv the abdomen four
times, killing her. Mrs. Anglin is in Madison
jail.
A mammoth barrel factory has been erected
iv Charleston, S. C, to furnish the quantity
necessary for the rice and turpentine. One
hundred thousand barrels are required for
the rice alone.
The annual convention of railroad conduc
tors met in New Orleans and reported assess
ments the past year, eighteen for deaths,
eight for disability, and one for expenses, aud
that t37,000 have been paid out.
The body of a negro woman was found in a
trunk which arrived at Atlanta, Ga., ou the
Gorgia Bailroad. It is supposed to have been
intended for the Southern Medical College, of
Atlanta.
The McPherson barracks at Atlanta, Ga.,
havo been sold. This abolishes the post.
The Jacksonville Union announces that the
early building of the Jacksonville, Tampa and
Key West Railroad is assured, aud that Jay
Gould, Samuel J. Tildon, Governor Cornell,
Wiuslow, Lanier ,t Co., Milton Westoa, of the
Chicago Belt Lino Bailroad, and other cap
italists, have taken the matter in baud aud
will pusli the road to completion.
The steamer T. H. Moore, of the People's
line, plying between Columbus, Ga., aud
Apalachicola, Fla., on her-trip up the river
struck on Helton's rock, twenty-five miles be
low Columbus, and sank. The cargo cou-
HiHJe.d of cotton and mixed freight. Tim
steamer wont down in twonty feet of water,
and is a total lohs. None of the passengers
were injured. The cargo will bo saved in a
damaged condition.
Riebord Lockett, an alleged colored bur
glar, was shot and killed by a white man
named Waters, at Butler, Ga.
John P. Bean aud a man named Hurst, both
of Atlanta, Ga., were killed in a railroad col
lision at Suwannee, Ga.
A terrible boiler explosion occurred at
Jones' gin house, near Elberton, with the fol
lowing result: Clifford, the eight-year-old
son ofW. It. Jones, had his head blown off;
Joseph, a four-year-old of the same man, had
his head badly cut; Harvey Manißon, colored,
had both legs an I ono arm broken, aud will
die, and other negro was badly hurt.
John J. Vertreos shot Senator Smith, of
Fentress county, in the left shoulder iv the
rotunda of the Maxwell house, Naßhville,
Term.
George W. Kaylor, cashier of the local office
of the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis
railway in this city, is missing. Nothing has
been beard of him, and it is feared that he
has been foully dealt with, as he had a large
amount of the company's money on his per
son.
President Morehead, while presiding over
tho Atlanta Exposition, wore a suit of clothes
made for him from cotton picked in the morn
ing of the same day.
The fire in the workshops of tho Nashville
penitentiary gave an opportunity to 728 in
mates to take, leg-bail, and it is groatly to
their credit that only six escaped. The men
wero at first so occupied in battling the flames
that they neglected the opportunity, and soon
after they found the outlets guarded by three
volunteer companies.
The John P. King Maaufaeturing Company
of Augusta, Ga., with a capital of $1,000,000,
will be organized December '28th, The stock
has been subscribed over $400,000 in Boston
New York and Philadelphia, aud the balauce
in Augusta, Ga. This makes nearly $3,000,
--000 subscribed for cotton mills in Augusta
inside of three years.
The loss by the burning of the Atlanta Street
Railway Company's stables at Atlanta, Ga.,
will probably roach $3,000 -building aud live
stock iucludod.
A steul circular saw at the Roauo iron
works, at Chattauooga, Term., broko while
revolving at the rate of five thousand per
minute. A quarter section flow off in a tan
gent, severed the arm of a son of the super
intendent, passed through the wall of the mill,
struck a car ouo hundred aud fifty feet away
and bounded into tlio air a height of nearly
two hundreWeet.
While tho fast train from the North was
passing Rooky Mount station on the Wilming
ton aud Weldon railroad, a passenger coasai
with baggage apartment took fire from the
stove and was entirely consumed. Baggage
valued at $1,500 was burned. The passeugora
escaped without injury.
Archie Campbell, of Scrauton, Miss., who
was a well-known Confederate scout, attached
to General .Tubal Early's division during the
late war, is dead.
Tho/emaius of the unfortunate victims o
the frightful holocaust at Gibson's Btation have
beon interred. No friends appeared to
claim any of the dead, excopt a brother of
Michael Kennedy ; but as the bodies were all
bnrued beyond recognition, it was impossible
for him to identify his brother's remains.
"Wash iiicr ton.
Tho President's message and the report of
the Secretary of the Treasury will ho sub
mitted to-day.
A bill has boon offered in the Senate, ex
tending to Mrs. Garfield the franking privi
lege.
Advices wero roceied at the Stite Depart
ment of the death of General Judson Kilpat
riok, United Statea minister to Chili.
The President said he proferred ex-Senator
Lewis, or some other straightout Republican,
as the next senator from Virginia.
The compositors in the document room at
the Government Printing Oftico laid dowu
their sticks and left the building on accouut
of the refusal of Mr. Defroes, the government
printer, to allow them any longer tho pay of
sixty cent) after midnight, which they have
hitherto received.
All the papers in the court-martial case of
General Warren have been received by the
Judge Advocate General of the Army, who
will begin their considoratiou uext week.
Senator Jones, of Florida, said that South,
em Congressmen would not press auy special
legislation on their own account thia seimion,
laß tho South was now in more prosperous
condition than at any time sinco tho war.
They would join with Western members, how
over, in pushing forward the project for cut
ting a canal across the Isthmus of Florida, as
a matter of universal commercial necessity.
It is now settled that Secretary Blame will
retire from the State Department, and that ox-
Sonator Frelinghuyson will bo nominated to
succeed him.
It is said that Seerotary Kirkwood will re
main in the Cabinet.
The sub-committee of the Senate Committee
on Privileges appointed to examine into the
charges against Senators Lapham and Miller,
of New York, have reported that they find the
charges ot irregularities in thoir olection un
founded.
A determined effort is being made to dis
place John D. Defrees as government printer.
Guiteau, the assassin, jb again afraid of
assassination, and demands to be more closely
guarded.
The United States steamer Despatch will
leave the Washington Navy Yard for San
Domingo to begin the contemplated surveys
in Suinana bay, ou the northeastern coast of
that island.
SENATE.
Decemher s.—ln the Situate bills aud reso
lutions were offered concerning a token of
respect to tho memory of Garfield, protecting
innocent Infringement of patents, recoining
trade dollars into standard dollars, placing
General Grant ou the retired list of the army,
redeeming BJ_ per cent, bonds by tho issue of
three hundred millions of 3 per cents, ap
pointing commissions on the tariff aud internal
revenue, restricting Chinese immigration,
fixing a method of counting the electoral
votes, punishing attempts upon the life of the
President, and continuing the committees as
constituted at the last session.
December 6.—President Arthur's firat mes
sage was sent to Congress, aud a large part
of the session of both houses was occupiod iv
its reading. In the Senate President Davis
availed himaelf of the opportunity to declare
Ilia independence again, and Baid that he
would oppose any change in committees or in
the officers of the body. Mr. Beck introduced
a bill instructing the Judiciary Committee to
examine into the Constitution and the laws
pMSed by Congress relating lo the succession
to the presidency in the case of tho removal
or disability of the president and vice-presi
dent.
Washinoton, Dec. 7.—Thore was a brief
session of tho United States Senate. Senators
Sherman, Pendleton, Dawes, Lapham, Bayard
aud Morgan were appointed bj tho chair on
the joint commit toe for the preparation of a
memorial upon tho death of the late President
Garfield. Several bills were introduced, after
which Mr. Morrill's resolution relative to a
revision of the tariff laws was sailed np, but
Mr. Morrill declined to procoed with ],i a
speech, and tho Senate adjourned. The
House waa not iv session, having adjourned
from Tuesday until Friday.
Wasuinoton, Dec. B—ln the United States
Senato bills were introduced for the recording
of marriages in tho territories aud to make the
wife a witnoes against tho husband on trial for
bigamy ; to givo Cabinet officers seats upon
tho floor of Congress, and to erect a monument
to the inemorv of Baron De Kalb. Mr. Morrill
Bpoko in favor of hia Tariff Commission bill
and the Senate adjourned to Monday.
Dec. 9.—The Senate was not in session.
housk.
11l the House the llepublican nominees for
the speakership and other offices were elected
aud the members were sworn in.
December 6.— In the House there was a
contest regarding the Utah delegate, led by
Mr. Cox, Randall and others. The work of
selecting soats was begun and ended.
Dec. 9.—On the meeting of the House Mr.
Rohiiißon (N. V.) took the floor to offer a reso
lution which he desired to have referred to
the Committee on PostofGces and Roads. Ho
was, however, taken from the floor by Mr.
Robeson (N. J.) with a motion to adjourn
until Tuesday. Before making that motion,
however, ho asked leave to yield to Mr. Taylor
(Ohio), who had a resolution to offer for the
appointment of a committee to audit the ex
penses attendant upon the illness and death
of President Garfield.
Mr. Hazeltou (Wis.) objected at tho present
time.
Mr. Mills (Texas) then appearad at the bar
of the House and was sworn in.
Foreitrn Newt.
The reports from Ireland show that the
conspiracy against tho paymout of rout is
extending. Intimidation, boycotting and
threats are prevalent throughout a large ex
tent of territory. Land Leagues aro reorgan
izing as political prisoners' aid societies. The
Lord Mayor of London writes that tho Irish
natioii may roly on the traditionary sympa
thies of the city of London to aid the Property
Dcfonce Association.
M. Kouvier, Minister of Commerce, opening
a new school for commercial study in Paris,
said the government wished to extend a
syetorn of trades and commerce, which was
destinod to impart to French commercial
relations the fixity which they need.
Reports from Iroland indicate that the Eng
lish governmont proposes to mako a number
more arrests at once. There was a panic in
London from the explosion the purifying
house of the Birkenhead gas works, bnt no
one was hurt, *
A Russian commission has beou appointed
to investigate the riots at the mobbing of Sara
Bernhardt.
Lord Lome wijl sail for Canada early in
January.
The Grand Lodge of Master Masons of Eng
land passed a resolution of sympathy with
Mrs. Garfield.
Tho Pope has expressed a desiro that the
address which the bishops aro to present to
him bo as moderate as poßßible, on account of
tho difficulties of the present situation.
A Chineao vesselhas arrived in tho Thames,
having throe thousand tons of toa on board.
The Grand Lodge of Free Masons in session
in London passed a resolution of condolence
with reference to the assassination of Presi
dent Garfield.
The Bishop of Algoma died at Toronto, Ca.
The Bing Theater at Vienna, formerly known
as the Comic Opera House, was totally de
stroyed by fire, and it is believed that fully
three hundred persons perished in tho flames.
At last accounls one hundred and forty-five
bodies had been recovered. A largo number
of persons were injured by jumping from the
windows.
It is feared the casualties at the burning of
the Ring theater in Vienna will reach 700. As
nothing but the fragments of bodies can be
found in the ruins, it is impossible to estimate
tho exact loss. Liberal subscriptions for the
families of the victims are pouring in.
The Czar has congratulated tho Emperor
William ou hia being the oldest living Knight
of St. George.
The French Chamber of Deputies has
adopted the Franoo-Italian treaty.
Several moro arrests under the Coercion
act were mado iv Ireland. Disorders con
tinue.
London was envelopeed in a dense fog.
It is believed that the steamer Saxon Mo
narch was recently lost in the Bay of Biscay,
with forty persons on board.
Tho funeral of the victims of the Ring
theater fire, in Vienna, was held iv the Cen
tral cemetery.
The papers print a corrected list of the
victims, numboring 580. Over, nine hundred
persons are missing, however.
It is believed that Walter Powell, M. P.,
who recently wont up iv a balloon, has been
drowned at Bea. Several others persons in
the balloon were thrown" out aud seriously
injured.
The American minister at Constantinople
has beeu informed that Ali, who murdered
Mr. Parsons, the American missionary, died
over a year ago.
A Wolfs Love.
A story of a wolf's affection for a man
is told by F. Cuvier. The animal had
been brought up like a puppy, and con
tinued with its owner until full grown,
when it was presented to the menagerie
at Paris. For several weeks it was so
disconsolate at the separation from its
master, who had been obliged to travel,
and so persistently deolined food, that
it was feared it would die. Eventually,
however, its grief moderated, it took
food, and was supposed to have forgotten
its former owner. But at the expira
tion of eighteen months the master re
turned ; the wolf recognized his voice
amid the crowd in the gardens, and upon
being released from confinement
bounded toward him, exhibiitng
violent joy. Agaiu separated from its
master, the faithfnl creature was once
more afflicted as on the former occasion,
until after an absence of three years the
object of its affection revisited the
gardens. It was evening, and the wolf's
den had been shut up for the night ;
but the instant the man's voice was
audible the poor animal began to utter
such anxious cries that the door of its
cage was opened, when it darted to
wards its friend, leaped upon him and
caressed him, and threatened the
keepers when they attempted to sepa
rate them. When its old master finally
left it, the animal became ill, refused
all food, and although it reoovered aftet
a long time, it grew fierce and resented
the familiarities of all strangers. After
having once given its affection, it
seemed to scorn any further objects of
friendship.
Magnificent pine forests have lately
been discovered on tho upper waters of
the Saskatchewan, and explorers have
traced them fifty miles up the shonlder
FARM, (UROEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
Household Hints.
Dip bowl in boiling water before
creaming your butter. .
Always use knives for catting, not for
stirring or chopping.
White pepper should bo used for
delicate dishes.
In beating butter always take the
back of your spoon.
Yeast is best kept in glass jars, cov
ered.
Two double kettles prevent danger of
burning, and liquid boils quicker on
account of heat on all sides.
When breaking eggs be careful not to
let the yolk of the egg touch the sharp
edge of the egg shell.
Tablespoonful of flour is to be piled
high, but butter must be level with the
edges of the spoon.
Success with Hniall Fruits.
E. T. Bowe, in an address to the New
York Horticultural Society, says : "To
give tho secret of success in small fruit
culture in a brief formula, I should say
that it is contained in two
stimulation, restriction.
By stimulation I mean a deep, thor
oughly pulverized and enriched soil.
This is especially essential to the straw
berry, the foreign raspberry, and all
the currants. A rampant growing rasp
berry, like the Outhbert or Turner, and
our vigorous blackberries,, do not
require stimulation, but they do
restriction. You cannot make the
ground too deep, too rich, for the straw
berry if there is adequato restriction.
By restriction I mean the-develop
ment of fruit rather than wood or vines.
Set out a strawberry plant in very deep,
rich, moist soil, and its first tendency
is to follow the great law of nature and
propagate itself, but to the degree that
it makes plants it cannot make fruit.
Out off every runner and enormous fruit
buds are developed. The sap is dammed
up as a miller restricts a stream, and
the result is strawberries that are double
in size and quantity. This is equally
true of raspberries. To the degree that
there are suckers there is less fruit. If
a currant bush is crowded with wood—
too old or too young—there are few
currants. Moreover, by cutting back a
raspberry cane in spring one-third, yon
add one-third to tho size and abundance
of the fruit.

Shelter Snves Fond—ls l*r»fitnhli>.
Every keeper of animals would actu
ally profit by a little study of chemistry
and physiology. Here is a short lesson .
All kinds of food, as hay, grain, bread,
meat, etc., are, like wood, mainly com
posed of charcoal (carbon) and water,
with considerable nitrogen in some of
them. To prove this, strongly heat any
of the above food materials in a coalpit,
or better, under glass. Water, with
some nitrogen gas, will be driven off
and can be found in the glass receiver,
while only charcoal wiil remain. Let
in more air and the charcoal itself will
unite with the oxygon of the atmos
phere, and also go off as a transparent,
invisible carbonic acid gas. This chem
ical notion sets at liberty heat that was
before concealed or insensible, the same
as when wood or coal is burned rapidly
in a stove, producing an active firo ; or
as when wood decays, but gives off heat
so slow as not to be observed.
Exactly the same thing occurs when
any food is dissolved (digested) in the
stomach of animals or men, and is taken*
into the blood and carried lo all parts
of the body. The blood gets oxygen
also from the air in the lungs, and car
ries it all through the body. The atoms
of oxygen meet the atoms of digested
food, here, there and everywhere in
the blood vessels. The two unite just
as they do in a stove; heat is produced,
only in minute quantity at any one point,
but a great deal of it, taking the whole
blood circulation together, and so the
whole body is kept warm, though heat
is constantly escaping from the whole
outside surface. Nature provides that
the body shall always be kept warm,
otherwise it would quickly perish ; and
so if the oxygen in the blood don't find
food enough to loop up the internal
heat, it will attack and consnme any fat
or flesh stored in the body, and thus
make the animal poor.
We miml have an ever-burning-fire in
both the animal and hnman system. If
the surrounding atmosphere is oold,
and oirries off heat rapidly from the
surface of the body, we must increase
the internal production of heat by
putting in more food, or by surround
ing the body with a covering that will
prevent the escape of much boat.
Is it not plain, thou, that by keeping
animals warm by means of close build
ings, or shelter against heat-stealing
winds, less food will be needed, and
there will be less waste of flesh in
making heat? Any arrangement of
shelter, cover, stable, shed, blankets—
anything that will prevent the natural
warmth from passing away from the
surfaoe of any animal—will be a great
saving of food required to keep np
the absolutely necessary internal life
warmth ; will prevent loss of flesh ; will
allow the food to go moro to adding to
weight of flesh, or the yield of mijk, o r
of wool. Shelter and external warmth
in cold weather are most economical
and therefore profitable in the keeping
of farm stock. '
The Farmer's Oorn.
At early dawn, when on the leaves
The hoar-frost creeps and steals their
bloom,
When trees Bland stiff in gloonl
Beneath the sunless morn,
Old Farmer John salutes his sheaves ?
Of ripened oorn.
Bright jewels 'mong the stuhblo gleam,
And sparkle from his caroless tread,
And gossamer, outspread.
Unrobes the naked thorn ;
Bnt Farmer John, to all a-dream,
Moves through his corn.
The startled hare before him springs,
And down the furrow speeds like wind,
While crisp leaves spirt behind ;
The yellow mists up-borne,
Skim o'er the vale'on noiseless wings
Above the corn.
But Farmer John, with anxious eyes,
The struggling streaks of dawn surveys
And, through the spreading bane
That veils the face of morn,
A blood-rod rim ho sees ariso
To greet his com.
And fear creeps through his trembling veins
As the rising sun dilates in red,
And, as each mountain's head
His crimson hues adorn,
John quakes to thiuk the coming rains
May Swamp his corn.
Still high o'erhcad the waning moon
Revoals a patch of clearing blue,
And hope comes peeriug through
With Luna's welcome horn,
That yot a favoring sky at noon
Will bless the corn.
The changeful sun, erst steeped in fire,
Behold, pours forth rich amber streams
That quench with bright joy-gleams
The frowns his face had worn,
For heaven and he may now conspiro
• To save tho corn.
See, o'or the oast a golden mantle's flung !
Fast moves the inißt from out tho north,
Aud, as the winds come forth,
To littlo shreds aro torn
The groat cloud-massos that o'orhun _
Tho golden corn.
And lo ! the wakened crows soar high ;
How arrow-straight they upward fly
O'er bits of dappled sky ;
Ami leave the earth forlorn ;
While clouds of lazy rooks float by
The tempting corn.
What smiles sloop in tho farmer's eyes !
To-day he'll "in" that precious grain,
For ho who knows the rain,
Such boilings dares not scorn.
So, whistling thanks to sun md skies,
He leaves the corn.
FOR THE FAIR SEX.
News nud ? otcs for Women.
Ghuly, a maiden of nine summers,
the little daughter of Mr. Francklyn,
who loaned his r jsidence to the sick
President, goes bear-hunting in tho
Bocky mountains in boy's clothes, with
her father.
Adelina Fatti says that from the
moment her name is announced to ap
pear, sho is, from early in the morning
of the day, so nervous aud agitated
that, when the hour arrives, stage fright
has taken possession of her.
Mrs, Julia Ward Howe, who wrote
the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" ia
half an hour of the early dawn, is
known among her friends as having the
"red temperament," on account of her
auburn hair and enthusiastic nature.
Miss Mary Southerland Clarke, grand
niece of Washington Irving, whom she
is said to resemble, was lately married
in New York to Mr. John Wilson, of
Montreal, whose father was president
of the Hudson Bay Company.
Just before her marriage to Moham
med Bey, the Sultan's sister Staela
exhibited her trousseau, which filled
two large halls. The dresses were made
ou the model of a pattern dress from
Paris, and were of satins and brocades
in gorgeous tints, enriched with gold
and silver embroidery. There was no
lace at all, and no bonnets or hats, but
plenty of feathers and flowers and
gloves. The lingerie was all of fine
silk.
Two women havo been arrested wi h
thoir husbands in a woods at Vincennes,
France, on a charge of fighting a duel.
The husbands acted as seconds, and
both women were wounded.
A Paris surgeon received $5,000 for
removing a wart from the nose of a
woman who wasn't very good-looking
at best.
The London World fears that the
"higher education for women" will
result in over-worked girl graduates
who will turn for solace to the cigar
and cigarette.
Weather Proverbs.
"A green winter makes a fat churc It
yard." "If the grass grows green in
Janivoer, it will gro iv the worse for it
all the year; if Janivcer calends be sum
merly gay, it will be winterly weather
till calends of May." "A bnshel of
March dust is worth a king's ransom."
"A cold April the barn will fill.",
" April and May are the keys of the
year." "Look at your corn in May, and
you'll come sorrowing away ; look again
in June, aud you'll come singing in
another tune." "Tho liindhad asliefsee
his wife on her bier as that Candlemas ■
day should be pleasant and clear." "Just
half of your wood and half of your hay
should be remaining on Candlemas
day." |
Freezing will take out all old fruit
stains ; and scalding with boiling water
will remove those that have never beeu
through the wash.

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