Newspaper Page Text
The primary election law has had its
first general test throughout the state.
It is a great improvement over the old
method of Dominating candidates. The
people are satisfied with the law. Only
disgruntled politicians are opposed to it.
They have been shorne of their power.
The people rule. Long may they do so.
The election in Duluth while disap
pointing the unsuccessful candidates
was satisfactory, as a general propo
sition. ierge Maliory, one of the mem
bers of the last legislature who voted
against the primary election bill was de
feated for renoiuination.
The contest for sheriff was closer
than was expected, but every body
seemed to think that the two leading
candidates would be Sargent and But
chart. Armstoad pulled larger vote in
the city than was conceded him last
week. Some people yet believe that if
Bates had not entered the race Arm
stead would have been the victor. Ole
Larson's small vote was a surprise.
All the candidates have learned some
thing that every person who runs for of
fice must learn. Every man who gives
a pleasant smile, and a promise for a
vote does not always deliver the goods.
J. Adam Bede's nomination waa
pleasing to every person who is op
posed to "Boss Rule." Some of the per
sons who were interested in the defeat
of Mr. Edson are elated, not because
they liked Bede more or Edson less, but
t'hey believe they have conquered Mr.
Willcuts and his friends. There is not
very much consolation for them, howev
er, Willcuts is by no means vanished.
His candidate carried the city by a close
vote. His senatorial candidates were
nominated, and he still holds a power
that will not soon be wrested. It may be
true that bis influence in congressional
matters in somewhat destroyed, but he
will wi.'ld a power with the United
States senators that will maintain his
leadership with the party in this dis
One of the surprises in the primary
contest was the defeat of Judge Bon
ham. It was generally supposed that he
had an easy thing of it, but former
Judge Middlecoff was working quiet
ly during the entire campaign, and his
success is due entirely to his personal
A. T. Parks surprised everybody. Bert
Wheeler's wide acquaintance, and hts
experience as an educator gave the as
surances early that he would be nomin
ated for superintendent of schools.
Parks kept busy during the contest and
came out with colors flying.
Odin Halden might have had a harder
struggle were there but one person in
stead of two against him. It is safe to
say that t'he opposition against him, if
united was sufficiently strong to de
feat him. He however, showed up in
the finish in a splendid manner.
County treasurer Whipple certainly
had a close call. Mr. Holgate gave him
a chase for his money, and might have
succeeded had he more people working
It is gratifying to know that Louis
Helbing was nominated for county
commissioner in fhe Second district. He
•will have a foeman worthy of his steel
in Fred Kugler.
It was for the legislative ticket to
give the surprises of the contest. Some
of the best candidates were turned
down, while but a few were nominated.
It is safe to predict this early in the
campaign that Duluth and St. Louis
county will be represented in the next
legislature by one or two Democrats
and independent members.
The Democratic contest for congress
was full of interest. The vote was light
which was shameful. It is to be re
greted that some prominent Democrats,
who it was supposed were Democrats
from principle, because there is no
other reason why a person should be a
Democrat in this community, voted at
the Republican primaries, and thus aid
ed in discouraging many loyal Demo
crats in the entire county, and congres
Mr. d'Autremont accepted his defeat
in good grace, which brings another
laurel to his crown. Mr. Fay will work
hard to not only get elected 'himself but
to elect the whole ticket from top to
He enters the contest for congress full
of hope at a most opportune time. He
stands for the principles of true De
mocracy. He is with the common peo
ple in its struggle against "govern
ment by injunction." "trust rule," and
for tariff reform. He will not spurt
around like a jumping jack clamoring
for cheap notoriety, but can be regard
ed as a safe, sound and logical man,
who will work in the interest of the en
No citizen of Duluth need be afraid
to vote for Captain Fay for congress,
neither will he ever be called upon to
LAW WELL TESTED.
Good Vote Was Cast—The People Did It—Poll
ticians Power Destroyed—Many Candidates
were Dissappointed—Willcutts Still a
Factor as a Leader—Democrats have
Strong Ticket to Win On—Fay
Judge Edson accepted his defeat most
icefully. He, &
say that the Willcuts people induced
Judge Edson to become, a candidate,^
simply to keep him away from the
bench of the district court. Mr. Willcuts
had no fear of Judge Edson in this re
spect. Judge Cant is as strong a man as
the party has in tihis county, and we
hope it is not poor politics to say that
he is one of the fairest judges in the
make any apologies for him, so long as
he is a member of congress.
The cdunty ticket has some strong
candidates, who were induced to enter
the race because of their abilities. The
rivalry over sheriff is sure to elect
Charlie Miller. Afex' Morrison will
make the fur fly for auditor. N. J. Mil
ler will keep Mr. Whipple uneasy for
treasurer, and Mr. Hagberg has a cinch
already for register of deeds.
The campaign will open Monday ev
ening, aod while it is early let all Demo
crots rest assured that if they enter
the coming contest with earnestness
and sincerity they are sure to bring
victory to several candidates.
Was a Complete Snrpriae to Almost
Bverybody In District.
The defeat of Senator Daughetry for
the nomination as senator in the 51st
district was a complete and unhappy
surprise to all his friends. His nomina
tion seemed to be most certain. No op
position to him was known of until the
last two days of the campaign. Daugh
erty was a pronounced Bede supporter.
He was "forninst" the "gang," and
they got even.
It wai seen that Judge Edson's
chances for success on Monday were
hopeless, and the Willcuts element to
save themselves from complete defeat
turned their whole battery upon Daugh
erty. They succeeded in holding their
position there with one object in view.
They will control the senator from that
district who will have a vote for a U. S.
senator two, years hence and therefore
they hope to contiune to be able to have
something to say about the patronage
of this district. They also figure that
Bede will play out in two years, and
they expect to name the congressman
at the next election, so that with the
next administration they will be "it."
In defeating Daugherty, they fought
like desjieffii^gmeii. They circulated
to have keen signed by the Republican
committee- and charging senator
Daugherty with not being a citizen of
the 51st district.
The letter had the desired effect, and
Daugherty was defeated in the eleventh
hour. Lay bourn, however, is by no
means elected. Senator Daugherty's
friends will not forget a personal in
jury in a hurry. An independent candi
date will be nominated by petition. He
will be a man of known qualifications
for the office, and will be elected with
SWEDES TURNED DOWN.
Republican Party Forgets Past Ma
jorities From Scandinavians.
The Swedish-American element of our
citizenship received a surprising turn
down at the primaries on Tuesday from
the Republicans of St. Louis county.
For the past number of years the of
fice of register of deeds has been gen
erally conceded to that element. This
year every Swedish-American was
turned down at the polls, and it is
needless to say there is considerable
indignation in some quarters over this.
Mr. Eckman who was a candidate
for' representative in the 50th district
was defeated, as were also Gust Berg
quist and L. M. Johnson, for register
of deeds. Ole Larson scarcely knew he
was running for sheriff, and Mr. Engle
was third in the race for county com
On the other hand the Democrats
have njver made any pretentions of
favoring any particular nationality. The
question with the party has been the
citizenship of their candidates. This
year from the head of the ticket to the
very bottom can be found the names
of representative citizens of Minnesota,
who are proud that Swedish blood flows
in their veins. L. A. Rosing the candi
date for governor, can refer with pride
to the Swedish stock from which he
bails. Even In Duluth our county ticket
will be represented by a most typical
citizen in the person of August Hag
ORIGIN OF LABOR DAY.
Labor Day was celebrated first in
New York City. The celebration took
place "there on Mondafy, September 4,
1882. That day had been chosen by the
Central Labor Union of the metropolis,
as a voluntary labor holiday, on which
organized workingmen were requested
to drop their employments, and after
displaying their organized strength in
a public parade, to make of the day a
festival time. The New York Central
Labor Union, the first of its kind, had
been but recently formed, and the
Labor Day experiment was of doubtful
promise up to the *ery hour set for the
parade but in the end of the experi
ment proved so successful that the
first Monday of September has since
been observed In a similar manner by
the labor organizations of New York
every year. The custom thus begun
speedily spread, until it is now.gener
al throughout the United States.
Though voluntary at first, the holiday
was soon legalized in the state where
it originated, and is now a legal holi
day in 35 states and the District of Col
The wage-earner has not been at
tracted to political ecoonmy, for vari
us reasons. He has been led to be
lieve that it is pure theory and that it
is devoted to the study of questions
from a scientific point of view, and does
not deal with the relations of men in
active life. Many of the writers have
intensified this view. Mr. Mill, perhaps
the most brilliant writer of the age
upon political economy, has stated that
it is conceded with man solely as a
comparative efficacy of means to that
end that political economy makes en
tire abstraction of every other human
passion or motive, except those which
may be regarded as perpetualy antag
onizing principles to the desire of
wealth, namely, aversion to labor, and
desire of the present enjoyment of
Political economy, he asserts, con
siders mankind as occupied solely in
acquiring and consuming wealth. This
is pure abstraction, and vicious at that,
but it meets us on the very threshold
of political economy. How a writer of
Mr. Mill's breadth of mind and schol
arly attainments could consider man
kind as a monstrous race, working un
der the influences of greed and indo
lence, is beyond the comprehension of
the man who has to earn his living by
day labor. Perhaps Mr.v Mill did not
mean all that His words imply, but he
ccrtainly did mean that political econ
omy should go no farther that to deal
with the accumulation of wealth and
should make every other element of
r.c avail in production. Mr. Mill rep
resents the old school of economics in
teaching what Carlyle denominated
"the dismal science," and George How
ell "the grab-all science," the funda
mental principle of which was based
on the Quaker's advice to his son:
"Make money, honestly if you can, but
Now, this was a hafrd, unsympathetic
science, and labor learned that it had
Senator Hanna is both an owner of
street railroads and a politican. He an
nounces, however, that his savings are
in the street railroads, and that, if nec
essary, he will let politics go and de
Vote himself to protecting the railways.
"Where a man's treasure is, tuere will
his heart be also."
Senator Hanna has recently expressed
the opinion that street railway fran
chises should be perpetual, and should
guarantee at least 7 per cent upon the
capital invested. He still holds to the
primitive doctrine of monopoly, that
special privileges should be granted by
the state to individuals, and that these
privileges should be sacred, inviolable
contracts, not to be revoked under any
circumstances nor for any consideration
of public interest-
Senator Hanna has been forced to
this fr&nk statement of his devotion to
monopoly by the growing strength of
Tom L. Johnson. Johnson believes that
public ownership must finally be
achieved for those utilities that are es
sentially monopolies that, prior to pub
lic ownership, franchises should be
granted for limited periods only that
the investment returns should be mod
erate, and that 'the properties should
revert to the municipalities.
The contest between Johnson and
Hanna is more than the battle of two
political giants. It is the meeting of two
forces that are battling for the poses
sion of the world. Hanna represents
monopoly. Johnson represents equal
-rights. This battle will not be finished
in one year, but it is a great fortune
for the people that for the opening bat
tle they have so powerful and shrewd
a champion as Tom- L. -JAinson.
LABOR SHOULD TAKE UP
Carroll D. Wright Says
that Men Engaged in
Should be Students in
bor Must, Sooner or
Later, be Prepared for
It is to be regretted that those en
gaged in industrial production, whether
employer or employe, have taken but
very little interest in political economy
as a branch of knowledge. If any one
in the whole community should take
an interest in this branch, it certainly
is the man engaed in economic pur
suits. So it is unfortunate that politi
cal economy seems to have been the
particular profession of professors and
It may be that this indifference grows
out of the fact that theory and prac
tice are not always co-ordinated. Forms
and methods of teaching political econ
omy have had something to do with
this indifference. We need not consider
at present why the manufacturer or
the manager has not been an enthusi
astic student of economics, although it
is hopeful that he is making more and
more of a study of what is called social
economics as the great questions con
nected with production become more
prominent and it is further decidedly
encouraging that those men who under
take to study the principles of social
economics have the least difficulty in
the conduct of their works. Many cases
could be cited where railroad presi
dents, the heads of great manufactur
ing establishments, and those in other
leading positions have applied practi
cally the highest ethicai principles in
economics, but this course is not yet
CARROL D. WRIGHT.
nothing for it or its interests. It made
no recognition of the ethical relations
of men in society it taught the fiction
of the freedom of contract, but every
working man, and every other man who
has 'ever made a contract, knows that
there is no such thing, purely and
simply, as freedom of contract.
Contracts are entered into freely, of
course, and when the terms have been
agreed upon we say that the parties
have been free to enter upon such
terms. This is a legal fiction. The par
ties were free to adopt the terms of the
contract so far as their own will was
concerned, but conditions, circum
stances, many things, compel them to
accept the terms rather than to avoid
the contract. Political economy has
failed to recognize this feature of what
is known as the freedom of contract,
and it has also failed to recognize the
fact that the making of a contract is
an economic process, the carrying it
out an ethical process that is to say,
after a contract is made the relations
of the parties to it become ethical in
their nature, and it is the moral char
acter of the men making the contract
that gives it solidity.
Fortunately for mankind, there is a
new school growing up, and growing
up rapidly, which recognizes the ethi
cal elements of political economy. This
school agrees with a few writers in the
early part of the last century that po
litical economy aims at the diffusion
of sufficiency and comfort throughout
the mass of population by a multipli
cation or enlargement of the outward
means and materials of human enjoy
ment. This was the doctrine of Dr.
Thomas Chalmers, of Edinburgh, and
it is right.. Doctor Chalmers was of
the opinion that ibis object would be
gained If he ddpld demonstrate that
e*e| fo£ eeMHunlc
of national policy -wild that while this
is englected a government in its anx
ious and incessant labors for a well
eonditioned state of the commonwealth
woiJld only flounder from one delusive
shift or expedient to another, under the
double misfortune of being held re
sponsible for the prosperity of the land,
and yet finding that to be an element
helplessly and hopelessly beyond its
control. This is as true today as it
was seventy-live years ago.
Political'economy, in order to attract
the attention and hold the interest of
the producers of society, must consider
the great principles of the science on
a broader basis. It must teach that
the interest of employers and employes
are reciprocal and not identical that
the great questions of ethics and eco
nomics underlie the practice of strikes,
the cost of living, the adjustment of
scales of wages, and the methods of
settlement of difficulties, or, more
properly, how to avoid them entirely.
All these things and a hundred others
must be brought into the politioal econ
omy of the future, and when this is
done, when the grand science is illum
ined by a broader comprehension of the
real elements of human nature and the
relations of men in society, and when
the necessity of fitting one's self for
social service as well as for the accu
mulation of -wealth is recoginzed, the
working man will be found among the
most ardent students of political econ
omy. CARROLL D. WRIGHT.
MADE BY COAL MINER
A letter was recently published in the
New York Times which relates a boast
made several months ago by a large
holder of Pennsylvania coal mine
stock, as follows:
"There is going to be a strike. It is
a hard thing, a seemingly cruel thing
to do, but it is business. We are going
to adopt measures jthat will force the
miners out, stop production, put up the
price of coal, and when stocks are rea
sonably reduced'we,can make a trifling
concession, and the miners will come
back. We know exactly how and when
to do this, and we do it, though it
looks cruel, as a matter of business and
Commenting on this, the
Record Herald says:
"The necessity for some legislation
that will force great corporations to
arbitrate differences with their em
ployes where their disputes entail
enormous losses on the public, is a
growing sentiment throughout the
country. The pe.ople, and not the cor
porations Involved, are paying in in
creased prices the cost of the anthracite
coal miners' strike It is all very fine
to ridicule the demand for some legis
lation that will compel the settlement
of such strikes along the lines of jus
tice and fair dealing between capital
and labor, but the problem cannot be
dismissed without breeding, dangerous
conditions. The state creates corpora
tions, and i,t can control its creations.
How it shall exercise that control is
tHe gravest question confronting'Amer
ican' statesmanship today."
LABOR WORLD IS DBS1RIOUS OF
COLLECTING LARGE FUND.
Encouraging Letters Received From
Prominent Citisens—Unions should
Respond at Once—Miners Are I*
Need of Aid—Send All Money to
tthe Labor World—The Fnnd
Should Be Made As Large As Possi
Interest in the Labor World fund for
the striking miners seemed to have
been detracted by the election this
week. However we had much encour
agement. One person sent in a check,
with the wish that, "the poor fellows
might win." The most encouraging let
ter was received from M. M. Gasser
"Public sympathy is with the miners,
and your efforts to create a fund for
their support will no doubt meet with
a generous response if properly adverT
tised, and to that end I would suggest
that you would invoke the assistance
of the daily press as fas as expedient.
I believe that similar action shotild be
taken by every union in the United
Sta,tes. Labor must win this fight."
Letters such as this from such citi
zens as Mr. Gasser certainly gives us
much courage in our efforts, and should
stir every labor organization in the city
Let us keep up the work. The miners
need food and shelter. This is as much
your cause as it is the miners. Send in
your subscription at once. Every dol
lar will be sent to the miners. The fol
lowing is the conditions of the miners'
fund as collected by the Labor World:
PREVIOUSLY REPORTED 137.00
JOSEPH MANNHEIM 1.00
H. W. LANNBRS 1.00
A .FRIEND 2.50
M. M. GASSER 5.00
Make all checks payable to A. Victor
Johnson, treasurer. A receipt will be
published next week signed by W. B.
Wilson, secretary of the miners' union
showing that every dollar collected by
the Labor World has been forwarded.
Every union should send its subscrip
tions to the Labor World. Come, now,
lets do all we can to help the miners.
NO IRISH THERE.
Two women were discussing the*
question of where they could spend the
summer, on a street car recently. A
woman, evidently, of Hibernian extrac
tion,: acrpig cp^ayl
"I *r'eht to flie beairtrfast year/NsauI
one of the women "but I snau not go
there again there are too many Irish
there. The place is getting too dreadful
"And I," said the other, "went to the
mountains and I must confess that I
found the same fault. The Irish were
plentiful and I shall not go there
This was too much for the old woman,
who, getting up and starting for the
"Well, yez can both go to hell—there's
no Oirisih. there!"
A social system that produces was is
A social system under concentrated
wealth in the hands of the few is not
A social system that puts children into
factories instead of schools while their
parents are left idle, is not practical.
A social system that is productive of
bribery and theft by government agents
is not practical.
A social system that causes unrest,
strikes, riots and murder in times of
alleged prosperity, is not practical.-—
The White Slave.
D00LEY ON LABOR.
Hunger, Hinnissy, is about the same
thing in a raypublic as in a depotism.
They've not much choice iv happiness
between a hungry slave an' a hungry
freeman. Ye can't cook or wear free
dom. Ye can't make freedom into a
stew an' ye can't cut a pair iv pants
out iv It. It won't bile, fry, bake or
fricassee. Ye can't take two pounds iv
fresh creamery freedom, a pound of
north wind, a heapin' taycupful iv
national aspirations an' a sprinklin' iv
bars fr'm the ntiaonal air, mix well,
cook over a hot fire, an' sarve sthraight
fr'm the shtove ye can't make a dish
out iv that that would nourish a tired
freeman whin he comes homg, afther a
hard day's wurruk lookin' f'r a job.
If 'tis fun to wurruk, why do some
not wurruk? If 'tis shpoort to run an
autymobill, why not run a locymotive?
If dhrivin'^a horse In a cart is a game,
why not dhrive a delivery wagon an'
carry things around? Shure, I s'pose
th' raison a rich man can't undher
stand why wages should go higher, is
because th' rich can't see why anny
body shud be paid f'r annything so
amusin' as wurruk. Me idee Iv settin'
things shtraigiht is to have the rich who
wurruk because they like it, do the
wurruk f'r the poor man who wud
G. O. P. and the Workingmen.
With President Roosevelt attending
labor conventions, and Hanna settling
strikes, the workingman who does not
believe that the G. O. is the friend
of the toiling masses must indeed be a
skeptic. Of course congress has ad
journed, and the average workingman
scon forgets what the august legisla
tive body did for him while in session.
He might jog his memory a little by
looking up the records. Perhaps he
still feels.it in his neck. It was there
he got it anyway.
Governor Stone Made No Proposition on Behalf of
J. Pierpont Morgan—Every Phase of Strike
Situation was Discussed, but J\[o Action
The state law of Rhode Island passed
at the last legislature, making eight
Full Set Bes% Teeth
enlth 'Phone 168.- Mesaba
than we sell for
That Will Tend to End the Straggle
was Taken at Conference.
"I can't predict when the anthracite
strike will be ended. If anything is
being done toward a settlement by the
other side, I'don't know of it."
John Mitchell, president of the mine
workers, who is at the strike headquar
ters in Wilkesbarre, Pa., made this
Nothing toward a settlement was ac
complished at the Harrisburg (Pa.) con
ference between Governor Stone, of
Pennsylvania, President Mitchell, the
presidents of the three anthracite dis
tricts and others who have been trying
to end the strike.
"Nothing of importance was done at
the conference," said Mitchell, when
asked regarding it. "Nothing, in fact,
was contemplated. We simply met and
discussed the causes and progress of
"Did Governor Stone represent J.
Pierpont Morgan or any of the anthra
Made No Proposition.
"I did not understand that he was
representing anyone besides himself."
"Is a settlement any nearer because
of the conference?"
"Did Governor Stone propose that the
miners should return to work on a
promise of concessions being made af
terward by the operators?"
"No proposition of that kind was sub
mitted. There is no foundation for the
report that uie men are to return to
work on a promise that the operators
PIPTY THE IDLERS.
God pity the idlers, the rich and the
No souls on the earth that need pity
The dull, sluggish brain and the ice
Of the world's stock of ,1ov feel never a
For ,1oy comes of labor, of doing one's
To lighten the burden of all the world's
Thep hail to the workers, true kings of
Thouflfti thev dig IHHilSe 'mine or delve
in the soil.
Their sleeo is more sweet, 'tis the fruit
of their toil.
God pity the idlers. though rich or
No souls on the earth that need city
—Samuel M. Jones.
v.ill make concessions and arbitrate
to anyone who will find any better line of
FALL and WINTER
"Would the miners return to work
under such an arrangement?"
"They would not."
Mitchell declared that the men are
confident.of winning. "There have been
no desertions among the strikers," he
said. "They feel certain of their abil-"
ity to win."
Think Miners Will Win.
"Are you as confident as ever of win
"I am certainly very hopeful now
that the strike will be ended in our
The big defense, fund that is being
collected at the national headquarters
i)i Indianapolis, Mitchell said, is prov
ing sufficient to relieve the distress in
the region. About 25,000 miners have
left the region since the strike began,
leaving about 130,000, he explained, to
be cared for.
"Are the troops to be withdrawn from
"Not that I know of. All the infor
mation I have on the matter is,what I
get from the papers. There is no need
of the troops, however as the men are
orderly. They, are keeping within the
"Is any coal being taken out of the
"A little Is going out, but no new
coal is being mined. Most of the coal
now being shipped was mined before
the strike began. No mines are being
started, and no members of the organi
zation are returning to work."
hours a legal day, has been declared
constitutional by the supreme court.
Goes to Jail.
Albert Goldman of Rochester, N. Y.,
was sentenced to sixty days In prison
for having sold couterfeit labels of tho
International Cigarmakers' Union.
Afraid to Do It.
From t*ie Chicago Post:
"I suppose you have thoroughly in*
vestigated the conditions
am treating in your book*'
"No," replied the titerary wonttui who
had undertaken a great work. "You
see I'm afraid an investigation might
interfere with some of the beautiful
theories I have evolved."
Knocked Him Out.
The old man growled about the bread,
Andi remarked 'twas heavy, rather
Then mother threw it at his head—
And the blow almost killed father.
Call and Be Convinced
That we can give yon first-class dental
work at reasonable prices.
Gold Crowns $7.00
White Crowns $5.00
White FlUinsp 75c
Gold Filling*, up from $1.50
Sliver Fillings, up from 75c
PalnleM Extracting 50o
Block—409-11 W. Superior Street, Dalath
Cash or $1,00 a week pay
Boys' suits, Reefers, Overcoats and
Sweaters, Ladies' Jackets, Skirts and Suits.
We can fit you out in Furniture and make your
payments so easy you won't feel the paying for
them. Open Saturday until 10:30 p. nt.