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MOST SUCCESSFUL COXVEXTIOJi OF
EMPLOYER A\D EMPLOYE.
Prominent Men in Labor Circles do
Jnitice to the Cauae, Employers
Represented by Most Successful
Men, Students and Teachers—All
Take Part in Great Conference
for Industrial Peace—Much Good
The convention of the employer and
the employe at Minneapolis was a le
cided success from every standpoint.
The question had been asked during
the meeting, "what good would come
out of suc*h a gathering?" This may, be
answered in a nut shell. Great good
will come from it. It had no desire or
hope to attempt to solve the labor ques
tion, but it was simply planned as a
conference to discuss each others griev
ances. The moral effect of the confer
ence will be felt for a long time to
come. The labor question was discussed
in all its phases, from every stand
point. The speakers, with the exception
of your humble servant were all men of
note in America. There was Carrol D.
Wright the greatest statistician in the
world, and Terra nee V. Powderly, still
vigorous in spite of his advanced age
James O'Connell, the machinists able
leader Grand Conductor Clark of the
Railroad oCnductors, one of the ablest
and most logical advocates of labor in
the country Jane Addams, the Har
riet Beecher Stowe of the child slave,
and Florence Kelly, t'he bale advocate
of purchasing only clean and fair made
goods. All of these defended labor's
side of the question most admirably,
apital was well represented by Heman
Justi of the Illinois Coal Operators' as
sociation President Stickney of the
Great Western railroad James Kli
boure the great car builder of Colum
bus, who has not had a strike in his
institution for thirty years Julian V.
Wright of the National Cash Register
company, and a score of others equally
prominent. The universities of America
were well represented by their most
able teachers in policital conomy. Labor
organizations from every portion of the
country sent delegates, and State Labor
commissioners were t'here in abundance.
One of the most interesting events of
the convention was a tilt between Jane
Adams and President Stickney of the
Great Western railway. This railroad
magnate, in the course of his address
on the division of the products of in
dustry, remarked casually that the
most paW been' for the purp'66e ofr se
curing for the workers a larger share
of the products of industry' and that
labor organizations themselves were
held otget'her by the same laudable
Stripped of rhetoric, Mr. Stickney in
timated that all strikes were primarily
for the purpose of securing for the
strikers more money in the shape of
Miss Addams Replies.
His remarks might have been pessed
unnoticed but for the action taken by
Miss Addams, who followed him on the
program. She was down to speak on the
evils of child labor and did say some
thing on this subject, but first she an
nounced tihat she was going to use
some of her alloted thirty minutes in
showing Mr. Stickney that he did not
understand the labor movement, as,
perhaps, he thought he did.
Had Plenty of Figures.
From an unexpected receptacle Miss
Addams produced a bulky volume of
statictics, from which she quoted vol
ubly, showing by them that the ma
jority of strikes had been foug'ht out
on other principles than that of higher
Mr. Stickney protested that she was
not regarding the question from the
proper stan4 point, but Miss Addams
•would not be downed and resumed her
When she had concluded the applause
that greeted her as she reached for the
paper she was scheduled to read showd
her pluck in disputing the reasoning of
the noted railway man had been ad
mired by most of those present. W. E.
McEwen of this paper spoke on the
Future Relations of Labor to Capital.
The speech of Mr. McEwen was
strong and one of the most notable
events of the convention, and created
considerable favorable comment fol
lowing adjournment of the morning
In part, he said: What the future
relations of labor to capital will be,
is largely theoretical. Perhaps I have
chosen tfcis subject for the reason that
I am an enthusiastic advocate of labor
arid one-of the foibles of the ordinary
so-called labor agitator is to be ex
tremely visionary. Time, experience and
responsibility, however, serve to mod
erate tne thoughtful student and work
er in the cause of labor.
Every person who holds an executive
position in an organization himself and
t" insure the permanency of his organi
zation he must be "acticable in his
nlans. logical in his arguments, and
absolutely fair and consistent in his
undertakings. There is no place in the
nb-to-date international trade organi
zation for an impracticable leader.
What the working man desires in his
organization is immediate returns fo*
himself, with the idea in view that he
is gradually and surely securing some
thing for his posterity.
Efforts Would Be Futile.
I hold that any effort to destroy the
modern organization of labor, known
As iHe trade union, or the greater cor
porations commonly called the trust,
will be futile and reactionary.
Both are the result of a long period of
-rowth and development. Both are
here to stay and both will continue
to develop to a most perfect state.
This bein~ true, we will eventually be
forced to apply ourselves to the condi
tions which they create, whether we
like them or not. Such gatherings as
thi? will contribute much towards
bringing both capital and labor to a
realization of this fact.
If there are to be organizations of
.there will continue to be more
or less friction and strife -with em-
plovers until some course is agreed up
on that will bring them closer togeth.
er. The right of labor to organize is
The trade unions, as I have said, are
here to stay. As their influence becomes
greater, they will become more of a
tffctor in industrial affairs, and it will
be necessary to deal with them for the
insurance of industrial peace. On the
other hand, the organization of capital
on the present "community of inter
ests" Dlan is nothing more than an im
provement on all past efforts along the
lines of organization.
Cannot Be Destroyed,
It is the natural and logical result of
commercial strife. Its future develop
ment may be retarded for a time by
unfriendly legislation, but it cannot be
destrayed it may be controlled, and
the people may at some time decide
uion the policy of owning and operat
ing the industries it controls, but this
much may be said, "There is little hope
for returning to the days of keen com
petition, and the small industry as the
factor in our commercial life."
Ignorance has had much to do with
the difficulties of the past not that
kind pf ignorance that is defined as
illiteracy, but each have appeared to
be uninformed of the troubles, the
griefs and the worries of the other.
Often have I Ifeard both sides of a
difficultv when it seemed that each
had reasonable ground for complaint.
This emanated from the cause that
there was too great distance between
them. Some argue that the relations
Of the employe and employer are not,
and cannoi be identical.
We have in the last few years reach
ed a stage in human history at which
it became necessary to define in a prac
tical way the status, rights, duties and
immunities of these two producers, la
bor and capital. Let me note here
that I distinguish between capital and
wealth: Capital is that portion of
wealth employed in reproduction. The
distinction involved is an important
one. All capital is wealth, but all
wealth is not capital.
A man may have much wealth and
use little capital. Wealth is as it is
had capital as it is used. For example,
a man may live in a house worth $40,
000 and have $10,000 invested in a ship,
from which he derives all his support,
and which forms his capital. It may be
asked: Is not the house itself capital?
It is, so far as necessary to production
in sheltering the producer and his fam
ily. even with the style and comfort
usual to such a degree of society. Be
yond this it ceases to be capital.
Labor and capital have been antag
onists. There has been much folly in
this antagonism. They are partners
and should (JJvide the results of indus
try in good faith and in eood feeling.
False philosophy, or unprincipled
politics, may alienate their interests,
and set them at discord. Capitalists
may encroach on labor. Laborers may
in their madness, destroy capital. Such
is the work of ignorance and evil pas
Depends Upon Moral Efforts.
The fact that labor will not surrender
its right to strike ought not be an
impediment on the efforts to bring
about conciliation, any more than the
refusal of the nations to abolish war in
order that international peace may be
established. The successful relations
between capital and labor will in the
future depend largely on the moral
efforts- of the parties.
for the complete organization of labor
is having a telling effect upon the
character, methods and nolicy of the
As the trades unions will continue
to grow in power, and ^ith this growth
they will pje.ss their demands for recog
nition, it seems to me that there would
be a greater assurance of contentment
could they deal with some one direct
ly in authority, who made it a business
to study the conditions of the em
rloye£, such as the nresent managers
have not the time to do.
All men with an honest purpose in
tend to be fair. Many difficulties have
been prolonged by misunderstandings
and mock pride. The main idea should
be to see that each has a thorough un
derstanding of the others' conditions
and needs. This can best be sccured
by close communication.
Everything indicates that the future
relations will be more pleasant than
during the immediate past. We can
all be of some service in hastening the
day when capital and labor will know
not injustice or enmity.
WICKED FRIENDS PLAYED CRUEL
JOKE LPOX HIM.
Sent Him to Superior Oracle and
Prognostication Caused Him to
Lose All Hope.
Friends of Ole Larson, one of the late
candidates for the Republican nomina
tion for sheriff of St. Louis county,
are relating a good story about his
canvass. Several of his friends told
him shortly befbre the primary election
that over in Superior lived a fortune
teller with unusual powers of forecast
ing the future. He was given her card
and was advised to go over and see
what she had to say about him in con
nection with his political aspirations.
Mr. Larson said he did not take any
stock in fortune tellers, but he did not
mind trying it just for fun. Before he
could get to the fortune teller she had
been advised of his coming and posted
ap to what to say.
"You have political asnirations said
"You are from Duluth and want to
be sheriff of St. Louis county."
"That's me all right," said Ole, get
"But you will not succeed this time,
"Your political friends, are your very
brothers, are going to knife you. Even
now I can hear them sharpening their
"Who are they?"
"Let me read their names. There is
one large man with a sandy moustache.
His name is, let pie see, G-o-r-d-o-n
"Yes, Gordon O'Neill. I know him.
Ain't he on the square with me?" and
Mr. Larson wiped beads of perspiration
from his brow.
"And then there is a man named
"Yes, Dworschak—Hank Dworschak.
Is he giving me the worst of it? Say no
more for I will not be responsible' for
what I do. You have earned your
money. Good day."
HORSE SHOERS' UNION.
Horseshoers' union No. 60—This un
ion still continues to grow. Several
new members being taken in at the
last meeting. There are a few out
side yet who had better join or the
union will send a special committee
after them. Union teamsters patronize
only union hbrseshoers.
Minneapolis Millers Will Grant
Demand if Made Uniform.
RULE AFFECTS 25,000 MEN
ALL EMPLOYES ASK IS AHAT THEIR
REQUEST BE GENERAL.
J. M. Flnley Is Chosen President of
the New International Or
MINNEAPOLIS, Sept. 25.—Though
the flour mill managers of the city
have so far failed to reach a decision
on the demand of the employes' union
for an eight-hour day, the current be
lief is that they will yield on condition
that the International Union organized
here today forces a similar concession
in all the other mills in the country.
The new body, entitled the Interna
tional Union of Flour and Cereal Mill
Employes, starts out with a member
ship of 25,000, composed chiefly of
branches of the American Federation
of Labor, the twenty-eight charters
of which are to be transferred to the
new organization. The officers are:
President, J. M. Finley, Minneapolis
first vice-president, George Snyder,
Murphysboro, 111. second vice-presi
dent, C. B. Benedict, New Richmond,
Wis. third vice-president, F. G.
Goedecke, Anoka, Minn. secretary and
treasurer, A. E. Kellington, Minne
It is understood the mill managers
indorse the international organization
3s assuring a uniformity of operating
methods throughout the country.
IN THE FUTURE.
Omaha Clergyman Tells What Will
Follow Success in Destroy
ing Labor Unions.
The Rev. John Williams, rector of
St. Barnabas Episcopal church, one of
the leading and wealthiest congrega
tions in Omaha, publishes an open let
ter in favor of unionism. He says:
"The thoughtless cry from reckless
lips is often heard: 'Unionism must
go!' Why? Unionism is the basic
principle of all human life. The more
complex our civilization becomes the
more absolutely dependent we become
muift descend into a .condition lower
than savagery. If union men must go,
ground out of existence by the union
of corporate wealth, it will be only a
question of time when the trust and
the merger will follow, ground to pow
der by the no less brutal force of the
angry, passionate masses of men, who,
in the last analysis, are the creators
"Possibly it may be put down, but
the putting down of it will usher in
the age of barricades, of violent revo
lution and, secret political associa
PRIESTS ATTACKS TRUST.
Rev. Father O'Brien of Toledo, O.,
delivered an address in that city on
June 6th which created a genuine sen
sation. Hus subject was, "The An
archy of Wealth." He said
"I cannot shut my eyes to the dan
gers that threaten our republic. The
greatest danger that I can see now is
the anarchy of wealth. The Union was
saved and slavery abolished by an
army of poor men from the generals
down to the privates. Now we see the
wealth of the country in the hands of
a few men who' never risked their lives
for the flag The agricultural and min
eral resources of our magnificent coun
try have been cornered by a few men
with money, and every bite of meat we
take is doubly taxed by the beef trust.
If our government is ever changed
from a republic to a monarchy, or em
pire, it will be done by the men of
wealth, not by poor workingmen. In
pagan times the man who would cor
ner provisions to raise the price of liv
ing for the poor would be put to death.
That was good, natural pagan justice.
The millionaires who have cornered
our provisions and raised their price
on the working people deserve the
"Veterans, let us pray that God pre
serve the work that the Grand Army
has done, but it our officials and legis
lators do not relieve us from the un
just" an dunlawful burdens imposed on
us by the trusts the time may come
when we will be obliged to take the
law into our own hands and demand
our rights at the point of the bayonet.
The American workingmen are patient
but will not submit to the tyranny of
"May God avert for us the horrors of
war, and may the white-winged angel
of peace continue to hover over our
BISHOP POTTER ON LABOR.
"I have sttd by the open excavation
of the new underground railroad in
New York City, looking at the men
digging. They have told me that they
get $2 a'day for fair days when the
work could go on. Living is expensive
in New York. These are not the sub
merged they are the men of brown
and healths They are the1'labor.'
"I have gone through the-corridors
of the fashionable hotel at midnight
hours and looked on the diners and
winers, with liveried waiters obsequi
ously serving the viands of all kinds.
"These are the 'employers.'
"Are the interests of the two classes
mutual? Can easy-going optlsm con
jure up any relation between the two?
Can any bridge «pan the chasm be
"When I go through our factories
and see fine able-bodied men, dexter
ous earnest men working nine hours
a day every day and every year a life
time through, fashioning the uncouth
raw material of wood and metal and
marble into house material I ask my
self, 'Will the laborer have any of
these polished and luxurious applian
ces in the home of his family, or will
they only go into the houses of the
well-to-do the mansions of the rich—
the 'employer' class? Are the interests
of the laborer and capitalist mutual in
"I know full well that many will say
that money payment settles the whole
score but even if that were so, is there
any mutuality when one makes and the
Elects Corps of New Officers For
At a meeting held by the A. M. C.
and Butcher Workmen, Local No. 12,
the following officers were elected:
President, J. H. Brown, vice president,
F. Schoening treasurer John Lawson
guard, Ed. Wiles delegates to trades
Assembly, Leo Bernhard, Alb. J. Ring,
and J. Repenski trustee for 18 months
Alb. J. Ring secretary, Wm. Tunell.
The first of a series of socials will be
held Oct. 14th at Kalamazoo hall.
Receives Letter Declaring Shingle
Trades Assembly—At the meeting
last night, a letter was received from
the shingle weavers union of Tacoma,
Wash., stating that they had put the
St. Paul and Tacoma Lumber Co. and
the Far West Lumber Co., on the un
fair list, to induce them to recognize
the union. A letter was received from
the Blacksmith's union of Norwich, N.
Y., stating they are endeavoring to
have the David Maydole Hammer Co.,
of Norwich, use the union label on
their Hammers. So far they have re
fused. They ask each union in this
city to send a request to the firm to
use the label on their hammers.
New Union Starts -Out With Good
Local No. 137 of the International
Union of Stationary ^Firemen met on
Tuesday evening anif elected the fol
lowing officers: President, Gus John
son vice president, Albert Anderson
secretary treasurer, Jjghri Noble guide,
Tom Q'Conners delegates to Trades
Assembly, -Gus Johnion, John Noble
and Jpe FraiikowsW f§h£y decided that
at 383 Manhattan "building. Several
new members were admitted. J. W.
Richardson obligated the officers and
initiated the members.
All Unions Are Requested To Gl-re
Views on Proposition.
Labor Temple—The committee of
the Trades Assembly appointed to de
vise means to erect a Labor Temple
have issued a request to all unionists
and unions to report at the earliest
convenience if they deBire to-take part
in the proposition and to recommend
such details as they think will be bene
ficial for the success of the enterprise.
Replies may be sent to the secretary
of the assembly, J. W. Richardson, 208
West Second street.
Gets Dividend on Labor Day Net
The Building Trades Council met on
Monday evening at the Marine Engi
neers' hall. There was a fair attend
ance only as the meeting at the Ar
mory was a great attraction. The La
bor day committee made their final re
port, showing that the profits were
greater than at any previous celebra
tion, viz: $700. The committee hand
ed over to the council one-third of the
profits. All except one who assisted in
providing for the enjoyment of the
picnic were paid good wages as tha
committee could not get members to
give their services, otherwise the pro
fits would have been much larger.
Business of great importance will be
introduced at the next meeting.
Car Men Dance.
Carmen Dance—The local union of
railroad carmen held a successful
dance on Tuesday evening at Columbia
hall. Blewitt's (union) orchestra fur-,
nished the music.
STEAMER IROQUOIS MAKES
LAST TRIP OF SEASON
Saluted by Tugs as She Pulls Out of
Harbor for Toledo to. Undergo
The White Line steamer Iroquois,
which has been a popular freight and
passenger boat between Duluth and
Houghton and Isle Royale this year,
has made her last trip of the season.
She left at 1 o'clock this morning for
Toledo, and will touch at south shore
points. She is going to Toledo to un
dergo certain improvements designed
to materially Increase the sleeping ca
pacity for passengers. She will be on
the same run next season. All thg tugs
saluted the Iroquois as she steamed
out of the harbor this morning.
DETROIT, Sept. 25.—Louis Johnson,
of Cleveland, a watchman on the
steamer Philip Minch, was washed
overboard and lost last night on Lake
Erie, six miles below the dummy light.
Captain Hutchinson reports that a "big
sea boarded his steamer forward, and
caught Johnson, carrying him over
board. Nothing could be done to res
People of Duluthh Should Eympa
lns to Their Cause—Business Men
thise With Coal Miners by Donat-
Endorse Labor World's Effort.
Where are all the Unions in Ahis
Struggle—Make Some Contribution.
The people of Duluth may sympa
thize with the miners, but sympathy
without relief does little good. In three
weeks we have received but $49.00. The
strike is still on, and funds are badly
needed. Now come on and helf the good
work along. Prominent business men
are endorsing the action of the Labor
World, which still gives us encourage
The following letter from N. C. Hend
ricks of West Duluth os worthy of
The Labor World,
Your efforts in calling the attention
of the friends of labor to the great need
of the hour in the present strike of the
coal miners, is a commendable one, and
should receive a hearty support by all
friends of the toilers.
The laborer is worthy of his hire. We
enclose herewith our mite in check for
The condition of the fund is as fol
PREVIOUSLY REPORTED 137.00
JOSEPH MANNHEIM 1.00
H. W. LANNERS 1.00
A FRIEND 2.50
M. M. GASSER 6.00
HENDRICKS DRY GOODS CO .. 2.50
Make all checks payable to A. Victor
Johnson, treasurer. A receipt will be
published next week signed by W. B.
Wilson, secretary of the miners' union
showing that every dollar collected by
the Labor World has been forwarded.
Every union should send its subscrip
tions to the Labor world. Come, now,
lets do all we can to help the miners.
The organization committee of the
Trades Assembly recommend that the
assembly make it possible for the com
mittee to do more organizing there are
several trades or occupations that re
quire organizing but the work is more
than the committeemen can do in the
time at the» 4J«PW^ and aome meatus
can-vKord t_ —,
The committee (have decided! to call a
meeting of wage earners (who are not
eligible to join one of the unions in the
city' at West Duluth on or about Oc
tober 11th, to form a Federal Labor
Union, that will admit all classes of
wage earners, as there is a urging need
for something of this kind.
IThe legislative (committee of the
Trades Assembly consisting of H. Per
eault, H. Dworshack, A. V. Johnson
and J. W. Richardson last night rec
ommended that the circular requesting
t)he assembly to send representatives to
conference to form an Independent Po
litical Party, be laid on the table.
The prinoipal argument advanced
against taking part in a political 'party
was that it would cause enmity and
dissension in the assembly, weakening
the attendance and crippling the trada
The same committee discussed the
resolutions in favor of Majority Rule as
submitted by the Milwaukee Trades
Council, and recommended that a com-:
mittee be appointed to find ways and
means for public meetings to be htfld to
discuss^this proposition apart from tha
assembly or unions.
The committee when appointed could
solicit subscriptions to rent a ball, in
vite speakers and prepare a system to
push the Majority Rule proposition.
MR. BAER EXPLAINS.
S. E. Kiser, in Chicago Record-Herald.
God reigns on high
From there in His infinite wisdom He
Is guilding and inspiring Me.
The power I hold God Gave Me. I
Am sent to drive, to crush, to stand
With warning and uplifted hand,
Waving the clamorous throngs.
Back to the slavery they would shun!
What of the stories of their wrongs?
Their sacrilegious cries
Offend the Powers in the skies!
'Tis the Lord God's will that is being
Through Me He gives, through Me He
I am the blossom and the fruit
Through Me He bends, through Me He
I am His agent absolute!
By right divine
I let Starvation's fangs sink deep
Wtihin the vitals of men's children.
Is the voice they must obey, I keep
A holy order locked within My breast.
God. knowing what is best.
Has chosen Me to answer yea and nay.
And if I crush, or if I kill
It is the Lord that shows the way.
Therefore beware, ye sacrilegious
In striking down my hands, ye strike
I represent His rwishes and His will!
Through Me He gives, through Me He
I am the blossom and the fruit
Through Me He bends, through Me He
I am His agent absolute!
RACES ARE POSTPONED.
TERRE HAUTE, Ind., Sept 25.—The
grand circuit trotting races have been
postponed until tomorrow on account
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