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PHASES OF TRUSTS
BOW TO DEAL WITH COMPETITION
IN ITS SEVERAL FORMS.
Three Plana Are Suggested toStlmu
late Competition—Objection ia Al
so Made to Competition, and Pub
lic Ownership and Control Is Sog
^(ested as the Only Logical Solution
to the Trust Evil.
By J. B. Smiley.
Experience teaches that when an in
dividual or a corporation has undisput
ed control in any field of industry, the
tendency is to seek to enrich itself at
the expense of the public. To correct
thin evil, which becomes an oppres
sion and a serious evil needing correc
tion, three different methods are some
times advocated. The first is known
as competition. It proposes to start
out a number of competitors, asserting
that in the wild, planless, reckless
scramble for business which will fol
low, prices will be forced down to the
lowest point consistent with fairness,
and that in the end justice will be done
to all parties. The second method pro
poses to apply to outside force, in the
form of law, and compel the offending
party to supply the wants of the pub
lic at what the law makers consider a
fair price. The third plan is for the
whole people to own the enterprise and
run it for the benefit of all. I think
the reader will recognize that under
these three heads may be placed near
ly all the various methods proposed.
The objection to competition is that
even accepting the best possible phase
of it, it involves a fearful waste of en
ergy. I have illustrated this by cit
ing the milk business, but the principle
applies equally in every other line. The
objection to the second method, that
of trying to apply outside force,
through the law, is, that even if it
could compel men to compete instead
of combining and co-operating when
they wished to do so, it would simply
seek to force a wasteful method on to
the community. Also this method sets
the victim against the law, and he
tries to evade it by resorting to bri
bery or adroit, indirect subterfuges.
Bribery and subterfuges mean corrupt
ing influences which have a demoraliz
ing effect on the public. The effort to
regulate the railroads by the inter
state commerce commission, is an at
tempt to adopt this method. It is at
best a mere makeshift. If not a flat
failure it is certainly anything but a
brilliant success, and no one knows
this better than the people it feebly
and ineffectually tries to coerce.
The third method is for the public
to own and operate the enterprise for
the public good, as with the postoffice
and public schools. This method avoids
the inevitable waste of the wild com
petitive scramble. It avoids the evils
inseparable from having two antagon
istic parties, one trying to coerce and
the other to evade. It gives the people
unquestioned control, and entitles them
to all the benefits which the enterprise
can be made to yield them. And so far
as the hard working actual wealth pro
ducers are concerned, it is the- only
method nhich offers any hope of re
lieving them from the drain on their
energies caused by rent, interest and
profits. The most that public control
proposes tc do is to lessen somewhat,
but not remove the burdens. A com
promise Measure of this kind is often
advocated by those who seek by this
means to stave off a more effective
THE FIRST COMBINE.
The earliest form of trust that ever
existed was undoubtedly the cornering
of foodstuffs by monarchs and their
agents. Accounts of such transactions
are to be found in Asyrian records
dating back 7000 or 8000 years, says the
London Tatler. The Romans did the
same thing through their tax farmers,
who laid embargoes on the food sup
plies of their provinces against arrears
of taxes, and the probability is that
similar operations were also conducted
with regard to manufactures. An
other form of monopolies, known as
trade guilds, has existed from the very
early times, and these, in the Middle
Ages, amounted practically to the cor
nering of certain arts and industries
as well as means of distribution. The
greatest of them was the famous
League of the Hanse Towns. So close
a combine was this that it possessed its
own fleets of armed merchantmen and
even armies of mercenaries in order to
guard its monopoly, a length to which
not even American capitalists have
yet ventured to proceed. As a mat
ter of fact, the British Indian Empire
grew out of a conflict between trading
monopolies of this kind, and India is
ours because the British monopolists
This story was told by the prototype
of Captain Joe, the hero of P. Hopkin
son Smith's Novel, "Caleb West:"
An Irishman once applied to him for
a job on board his. ship.
"Well," said the Captain, "where are
"Shure, an I haven't enny, Sur."
"Can't take you then—got a German
here with fine recommendations—have
to give the job to him."
Pat begged so hard, however, that
the captain finally agreed to take him
and the German both on a trial trip,
the best man to have the permanent
They were well out at sea when a
storm arose one day when Pat and the
German were scrubbing the deck. A
big w^ve came along and swept the
German overboard with his bucket.
Pat immediately picked up his bucket
and started after the captain, whom
he found below.
"Well, Pat, what's the matter now?"
the captain inquired.
"Faith, Sur, ye know that German
what had such foine ricommindations
"Yes, what of him?"
"Begorra, Sur, an' he's gone off with
one o' ycur buckets."
TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAT.
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets.
All druggists refund the money if It
fails.jto cure. E. W. Grove's signature
mt each box. 25 cents.
TWO K1NPS QF YANKEES.
From the London Punch:
The Americans who visit Yewrope
appear to be of two kinds—the noisy
and the quiet. It-may be that the
tranquil on^S'come from the New Eng
land states and the hustling ones from
Chicago and the great west. However
this may be, o^e's first impulse wouid
be to associate with the quiet people.
The squeaking, screaming, nasal con
versation of the others is insupportable.
No doubt the.ir Taucous voices distress
the vigorous conversation of French or
Germans or, ordinary. Americans this
soft whisper Is as -soothing as the ripple
of a stream agaipst moss. But a stay
the placid Americans also, and
prompt some of the latter to speak so
softly that their murmured words be
come absolutely inaudible. I doubt if
anyone anywhere speaks in as low a
tone. The Ldil'don physician's bedside
voice is a shout compared to it. After
of some days in a hotel full of unduly
quiet people seems like a temporary
sojourn in a tomb.
There is one suqh at Heidelberg, ail
excellent hotel thigh tip in the fresh ait
above the castle, where recently I dis
covered more of the very tranquii
Americans than I had ever met before.
"Met" is not the word. One might
stay' there for a month and sit every
evening in the smoking room with the
same men, and never "meet" tihem.
Also one would never hear them. One
would only see them, as one might see
some marble statues in a conservatory.
As for the ladies, young and pretty,
or middle-aged and—let us say, with
complexions less pleasing—they main
tain a still more discreet silence.
GERMAN SUBJECT CONVICTED
OF TREACHERY IN PRETORIA
LONDON, Sept. 25.—A dispatch from
Capetown to the Central News says
that *Max Ernst Henschell, a German
subject, has been convicted of treach
ery and sentenced by a military court
at Pretoria to ten years imprisonment
at hard labor.
The evidence in the case showed that
last March after having taken the oath
of neutrality Henschell started for Ger
many, carrying with him a number of
Kaffir curiosities, among which were
found, when the curiosities were ex
amined at the frontier, certain docu
ments addressed by Commandant Boy
ers to Former President Kruger and
Dr. Leyds, the Boer representative in
Europe. The prisoner pleaded ignor
ance as to the contents of the docu
ments, but admitted that he had been
promised $5,000 for delivering them.
BELGIUMS CAPITAL IN
MOURNING FOR THE QUEEN
BRUSSELS, Sept. 25.—A memorial
service in honor of the late Queen
Henrietta was celebrated today. King
Leopold and members of the royal
family attended^ accompanied by a
long procession'.of military and civil
officers, diplomatic and cabinet minis
ters. Large crpwds thronged the ap
proaches to the cathedral and the win
dows and balconies of the houses. The
street lamps w»re covered with crepe
and were lighted. The whole interior
of the cathedral was imposingly dec
orated with black.
MAYOR AMES WILL GET
HIS SALARY FOR YEAR
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.. Sept. 25.—
Mayor Ames will get his salary for the
rest of the year. When the salary list
was prepared the city comptroller left
the name off, but the city attorney in
sisted that it should. be put on and so
for the balance of the year, unless some
taxpayer objects, A. A. Ames of West
Baden, Ind., a resident and citizen of a
neighboring state, will have a check
for wages as a mayor of Minneapolis
handed him by mail.
The theory that the city attorney
goes upon is that a mayor is mayor
until his successor has been elected
M0NTANAN IS KILLED
IN A REVOLVER DUEL
HELENA, Mont., Sept. 25.—John
M. Davis was shot and instantly kilied
by Wm. Norville at Hinsdale. The
men had been drinking and from jok
ing arose the quarrel. Both men
pulled guns. Ndrville shot twice, one
of the bullets severing the jugular
vein. Davis' gun was found cocked
and undischarged, having failed to go
off when pulled. ..Norville mounted a
horse and rOderoff but subsequently
CONVICT KILLS HIMSELF
BY JUMP IN PENITENTIARY
STILLWATER, Minn., Sept. 25.—Af
ter lingering for ^forty-eight hours un
conscious, George Schwartz, the con
vict at the prisoji who tried to commit
suicide Monday, by jumping from the
fifth gallery, died yesterday. The body
was shipped to the home of his rela
tives in St. Paul. It is said that his
parents and several brothers and sis
ters reside in St. Paul. Schwartz was
twenty-five years of age.
COLOMBIA PUTS FAITH IN
FORMER UNITED STATES SHIP
PANAMA, Sept. 25.—The govern
ment entertains great hope of the
new cruiser Bogota, recently acquired
by it In the United States and expected
here shortly. It is believed that when
the Bogota begins operations the revo
lutionists will lose their prestige at sea,
which government officials declare to
be their greatest strength.
LA FOLLETTI BACK HOME.
MADISON," ttfis.. .Sept. 25.—Gover
nor La FoMetie accompanied by his
wife reached home yesterday after
noon, after an absence of about three'
weeks. They cftine from Chicago. The
governor says he is feeling fine and he
looks well. "i\
NEW CANDIDATES FOR
CONGRESS NAMED IN OHIO
CINCINNATI, Sept. 25.—The Repub
licans today nominated State Senator
Nicholas Longwojipi for congress in
the First Ohio ^district, and Judge V.
H. Pj Goebel in theJSecond district.
By Hal Scriver.
George F. Baer, of the Coal Trust,
says that Almighty God has given the
mines to him and. his friends, and that
they have divine authority to regulate
the conditions under which men may
Many people have protested against
this utterance of Mr. Baer as being
"blasphemous." Others—good friends
of his—consider it "tactless" and
For us, we are rather glad that Mr
Baer has so forgotten his customary
tact, has grown so drunk with power,
as to make this astounding claim. The
very insolence and hypocrisy which it
exhibits make it as pleasing to us as it
is annoying to Mr. Baer's more cool
For, after all, the claim that Mr. Baer
has made puts the whole question in
its true light. Somewhere in the Bible
we read of the sins of man being
turned to the service of God. In this
case the brazen cant of a despicable
tyrant serves the cause of truth.
The question is now fairly "up to"
the miners and to all other working
men. Mr. Baer has plainly stated one
of the only two possible alternatives.
Shall we accept his statement or shall
we take the diametrically opposite
Shall we admit that the mines right
fully belong to the Coal Kings—wheth
er by the ".gift of God," the bounty of
Nature," the "necessities of human so
ciety," or whatever title we choose to
recognize If so, we must admit the
right of the Coal Kings to do as they
will with their own, to fix the condi
tions under which men may work or
to forbid men to work at all, and, in
general, to control the lives of the
working class. If so, we should not
grumble at the importation of scabs,
the calling out of troops, the issuing of
injunctions, and the persecution of un
ion organizers and labor editors.
Or shall we, on the other hand, de
clare that the mines do not rightfully
(but only legally) belong to the Coal
Kings—that they rightfully belong to
the class whose labor has made them
valuab^s or the whole people who need
them If we accept this view, we must
take some measures to carry it into
effect, to reclaim this rightful heritage
of the people from the hands of its
If we claim that the needs of the
people and the toil of the miners give
them a right to say that coal shall be
mined under conditions unsatisfactory
to the Coal Kings, then we must ac
cept the second alternative and ab
sonutely deny the Coal Kings' right of
property in them. There is no .tenable
middle ground. And Mr. Baer, by put
ting the question on a religious basis,
has made this even plainer than it
would otherwise have been. It is not
to be supposed that Almighty God has
given faulty and conflicting moral title
deeds. If He gave the mines to the
people, He did not give them to Mr.
Baer if He gave them to Mr. Baer,
He did not give them to the people
and if he gave them to Mr. Baer in
perpetual trust for the people (the peo
ple being in an eternal state of min
ority or wardship) then it is rank
heresy, blasphemy, and atheism—a
sort of sacrilegious "contempt of
court"—for the people to interfere with
Trustee l'.aer's divinely appointed pow
ers of administration.
It is, of course, the opinion of the
present writer, first, that Mr. Baer is
a sanctimonious old fraud secondly,
that he is an industrial parasite and
thirdly, that he has in this case, prov
en himself an extraordinary fool (the
editor will not allow us to use the ap
propriate theological participle before
that word) who does not know that
the world has moved, intellectually
and economically and politically, in the
last two or three centuries.
We might remind Mr. Baer that the
time when the Stuart kings of Eng
land most loudly asserted their "di
vine right to govern wrong" (as a his
torian has put it) was just the time
when their power was tottering to its
fall. "Caesar had' his Brutus, Charles
the First his Cromwell"—and to use
any name in this connection with Baer
might be considered as introducing
politics, so we refrain.
The movement of history does not
stop, ev-r.i at the braying of such a
collossal ass as Mr. Baer. Time-hon
ored "divine" rights have repeatedly
fallen before the organized intelligence
and indignation of an oppressed class,
guided and driven on by their material
needs. So it will be again—this time
with thp industrial tyrants, as in the
past wifi the political despots.
Even though Morgan "settles" this
strike—which does not seem likely, as
yet—the question will not down. No
question of this sort can be permanent
ly compromised. Whether the miners
win or lose, still the question will not
down. Nor is it a question that ap
plies to the miners alone it applies
equally to the steel mills, the cotton
factories, the railroads, the steam
ships, all the means of production and
transportation of wealth—for we now
have abundant evidence that all indus
tries are capable of being monopolized,
even without the aid of tariffs or sub
sidies, and that the process of compe
tition itself tends to produce monopo
Two questions are before u»—before
the working class in particular.
First, Shall the means of production
be privately owned by a part of the
people and operated by the rest of the
people, -vt the pleasure and for the pro
fit of the owners or shall they be
owned by the people as a whole and
operated for the common good?
Second, If the latter alternative is
accepted—as seems inevitable, within
a. comparatively short time—shall the
change be brought about by the intel
ligent and organized effort of the work
ing class who now produce all and suf
fer all, or shall they leave it to their
present masters to effect the change
for them and trust to their good will
.do It wisely and fairly?
These «a.re questions -worth ponder
ing now. before our masters, have fore»
stalled our decision*
GOVERNOR DOES NOT MEAN
TO DECLARE MARTIAL LAW
Stone Say« Extreme Measure Is So
Far Not Necessary and Troops Will
Simply Aid Civil Authorities
HARRISBURG, Pa., Sept. 25.—Gov.
Stone was asked today if he would de
clare martial law in the coal regions.
"Without discussing the power of the
governor to declare martial law, it
would be wholly unnecessary to resort
to that remedy. The 51st section of
the act of. assembly approved April 28,
1899, provides that 'when a tumult, riot
or mob sltall exist, the commander-in
chief shall call upon the national guard
and he may, at his discretion, order any
number of men of the enrolled militia
to be drafted and may detail or com
mission officers to organize the forces."
"The national guard have been §ent
into the coal regions to suppress tu
mults, riots and mobs where the civil^
authorities are unable to suppress them.
They will not interfere with the civil
authorities but are there to aid and
assist them in preserving order. There
is now a surplus in the treasury and
the state is prepared to maintain a
large army in the field for an indefinite
Otto Sverdrnp Secures Much Infor
mation About, Greenland.
CHRISTIANIA, Sept. 25—A letter,
from Sir Clement Markham,. president
of the Royal Geographical Society of
England, is published here declaring
that Captain Otto Sverdrup's expedi
tion was the most successful yet un
dertaken for the exploration of Green
land, surpassing all that had been ac
complished by Kane, Hayes, Hall,
Greely and Baldwin combined.
He believes it will be productive of
the most valuable results since the
time of Sir John Granklin, as the ex
pedition covered 3,000 miles of land of
which £500 was newly discovered land.
The full details of the expedition's
work have not been printed as it has
been agreed that Captain Sverdrup shall
be first to make public a report.
ROOT TO VISIT HANNA.
CLEVELAND O., Sept. 25.—Secre
tary of War Eli'hu Root will arrive In
Cleveland tomorrow to be for a brief
time the guest of Senator Hanna. At
noon Secretary Root, accompanied by
Senator and Mrs. Hanna will leave in a
private car over the Baltimore and
Ohio road for Canton to visit Mrs. Mc
Kinley. The party will return to Cleve
land tomorrow evening. On Saturday
Secretary Root and Senator Hanna will
make speeches at the opening of the
Republican state campaign in Akron.
COMPLETES FUND FOR
SHAFT TO WILLIAM M'KINLEY
CANTON, Ov feept. 25.—An addition
al $5,000 has been received from prom
inent PhiladelpHlaiis, which completes
the 126,000 that'W^ been promised to
the National Mcfcinley Memorial asso
ciation. Each Contributor gave $1,000.
CROWN PRINCE SEEMS IN
HURRY TO SEE AMERICA
WASHINGTON, Sept. 25.—A cable
gram received by the Siamese minister
here today indicates that the crown
prince of Siam again has advanced the
date of his visit to America. The dis
patch states thkt he will sail from
Southampton October 3 on the Furst
OHIO TOWN CELEBRATES
ITS 100TH ANNIVERSARY
LEBANON. O.. SeDt. 25.—This vil
lage is celebrating its one hundreth
anniversary todav and tomorrow.
Amone the notables from out of the
citv todav were Gov. Nash and Senator
Hanna. The latter made an address
before the students of the National
Normal University, takine for his theme
the life of the late President McKin-
§0N HAS NOT HEARD OF
DEATH OF COREA'S MONARCH
DELAWARE, O., Sept. 25—Prince
Euiwha, or Prince Ye, as he is known
publicly, who is attending Ohio Wes
leyan university from Corea, said today
that he had received no news of the
death of his father, the emperor of
BOY IS KILLED IN
THE PLAY OF 'BURGLAR'
SHENANDOAH, Pa., Sept. 25.—
While playing "burglar" today, fifteen,
year-old Grover Eskew wa| shot and
instantly killed toy his companion,
Clyde Vickers, fourteen years of age.
They were using a rifle supposed not
to be loaded.
PALMA PLANS FOR
LARGER CUBAN ARMY
NEW YORK, Sept. 25.—President
Palma willsoon call a meeting of the
officers of the Cuban army to consider
the immediate increase of the artillery
corps to 500 men, cables the Havana
correspondent of the Herald. This will
be done with a view to replacing the
American soldiers now guarding the
SICILIAN VOLCANO ACTIVE.
PARIS, Sept. 26— A dispatch to the
Figaro from Rome says the volcano on
Stromboli" Island, off the north coast
of Sicily, has been active for several
days past. A large conical mass has
appeared on the edge of one of the
craters and a fissure at the base of
this crater is pouring out lava and jets
of flame to a height of 300 yards..
JURY IN THE CASE QF
FRED AMES IS SECURED
MINNEAPOLIS. 'Minn., Sept. 25.—
The full jury in the case of Col. Fred
Ames in, Minneapolis waB secured this
morning. The: court ^adjourned until
tomorrow morntnfr, howfever(| qn ac
cent of .the .funeral,of Oen.. Hahn.
All Sold on
GUEST AA NEW YORK LODGING
HOUSE: IS WOl'NDEt IX
INJURED MAN DISAPPEARS
ONE WHO MADE ATTACK ALSO
Former Is Thought to Be Joe Shonde
and Lntter Joseph Deerman—Con
flicting: Stories Told.
A mysterious shooting affray occurred
about 11 o'clock Wednesday night in
the New York lodging house, 217 West
Superior street. A lodger, said to be
Joe Shoude, employed at fitting fire es
capes at the St. Louis hotel, was shot
in the fleshy part of the arm. by a man
who, according to J. A. Wright, pro
prietor of the lodging house, registered
as Joseph Deerman and wife. No com
plaint has been made to the police ari/i
Shoude was not in evidence last night.
The man who did the shooting has van
ished, and there are many threads oJ
the story lacking.
Just as Prescott Wyman, of Smith &
Smith's pharmacy, Superior street and
First avenue West, was about to close
up the store Wednesday night, a
stranger entered the place and asked
where he could get a doctor. The man
was in evident pain, and held his l'ight
arm up with his left. Mr. Wyman ob
serving this, asked the man what was
the matter. He said that he had been
shot in the arm. Mr. Wyman called up
Dr. W. H. Salter and in the meantime'
took the wounded man in the rear of
the pharmacy and examined the wound.
Dr. Salter probed for the bullet with
out success, and again yesterday made
an effort to get it but failed. The bul
$1.00 for 90 cts
Hard Coal contains 6 per cent gas and 82 per cent coke, making a total 88 per cent heating
power. Soft coal contains 38 per cent gas and 44 per cent coke, making a total of 82 per
cei$t heating power.
The same statistics show that it has always required an average of 2 1-4 tons of soft
coal to go as far in all underdraft stoves as ONE ton of hard coal will go in heating power..
This loss in soft coal has beeii caused by the gases in soft coal going out with the smoke and
up the chimney in stoves oi this class. Now, by this wonderful, but simple application of
hot air through the hot blast feature is consumed this 38 per eent of gas in soft coal—con
verting it into heating power. We not only ubilize the gases for heat, but with this applica
tion of hot air, coming, as it does through the slots of the fire pot into the top of the coal—
Where the gases come through—cause perfect combustion no matter whether the coal is in
large or small lumps or slack. It cokes the coal as gases are consumed, giving you a steady
even fire from 8 to 10 hours, as against 2 to 2 1-2 hours in underdraft stoves.
It holds fire over night equal to any self-feeding Base Burner.
Come in and see a soft coal heater the equal to any hard coal heater manufactured.
let entered the fleshy part of the arm
near the shoulder.
The story told by Shoude is that while
in his room at the New York lodging
house he heard a woman calling for
help in one of the other rooms. He
stepped into the hall and located the
dajlls as coming from room No. 1.
Without hesitation he started toward
the room and undertook to kick in the
door. A man suddenly opened the
door and presenting a revolver began
firing. Shoude at the same moment be
gan running for cover, but not before
one bullet struck him in the arm.
Mr. Wright, the proprietor-. of the
place, \fras across the street getting
luhch at a restaurant at the time of
the shooting. He returned soon after
ward and found Shoude at a water tap
trying to stanch the flow of blood.
Shoude asked Wright where he could
find a doctor and was told to try a drug
store. Mr. Wright volunteered the ad
vice also that if houde had minded his
business he probably would not need
a doctor. Mr. Wright says the victim
of the shooting ha£ been .drinking some.
When asked if he was going to com
plain to the police Shoude said no.
The* man who did the shooting, to
gether with his wife, decamped from
the place post haste. Mr. Wright says
the man was a stranger to him. He
Was well dressed, as was the woman.
The man was smooth shaven and of
medium height and had a roll of money
of .- great size-. Mr. Wright says he
thinks- they went to-West* Superior.
People to whom houde has told his
story say that his accounts of the af
fair do not all agree. It is evident that
the shooting was. done at close quarters
for Shoude's shirt was burned by the
I want to be the hero of the play
He always has the finest part there
He may exhibit very little art.
But we dheer him for the good things
that are his.
ETHICS OF CONSULTATION.
From the Medical Record:
The utility of consultation has often
been questioned on the score that they
mean little or nothing for the patient.
The practitioner in a different case is
That can be made by anybody is to get their Wood
Heating Stove now, our line is th$ largest ana for
30 days we will give a discount of 10 per cent if
you mention about this ad.
Hot Blast Heaters.
are the 20th Century wonder in stoves,
They Burn Soft Coal
Without clinkers, smoke or soot. 1 1-4 tons of soft coal
in a Buck's Hot Blast Heater does the work of one ton
of hard coal used in a base burner. Here's the story—
Government tests show that there is within 6 per
cent as much heating power in soft coal as there is in
Please Escme this One.
From the Baltimore News
"I hear that German count the de
Stuyles who has been entertaining so
lavishly turned out to be a Dutch
waiter in a New York beer garden."
"Yes the count was a rank fake."
WHEN THE KEYS RATTLED.
From the New Yorw Times:
"Ha, ha," laughed the white key."
"You are fearfully 'sharp* today."
"Well," retorted the accused one, "I'd
rather be'A sharp' than 'B flat.'
"Good gracious," shrieked the string,
"keep still. I'm high strung, and m^
pedal extremities are affected. I know
I shall break in 'pieces.'"
"So I note," murmured the bass.
"I'm cleft in twain," moaned the
"My trouble is trebled since young
hopeful began to play," said the Boo&
"It's all right while he is only '"A
Minor,' but wait until he begins to be^i
And then they started to have a good
"time" with the methonome.
$1.00 for 90 ets
All Sold on
supposed to need indorsement for his
course, and he is said to obtain it in
the unqualifiedly approving verdict of
his counselor.. It is further claimed
that the true ethics of the profession
admit of no other alternative.
From the patient's standpoint this, is
true enough, and is as it should be 1%
view of the necessity of preserving con
fidence in the medical attendant. The
consultants have, on the other hand,
every opportunity to differ in their pri
vate conference but it is obviously un
necessary to do so in the presence of
the family. Any disagreement thiat
may exist as to diagonsis and treat
ment rfliould be suitably adjusted -tfe.
fore a conjoint verdict is rendered. If
this course is impossible, each one con
cerned should give a separate opinion
and allow the patient or his friends
either to choose what suits them best
or seek other advice. Under no cir
cumstances should such different
views be offered until after the freest
possible interchange of views in the
secrecy of the consulting room.