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ON TRUST QUESTION
The Work of the American Congress—The Importance of
Selecting Men Who Represent the People's Interests—
Democratic Platform on Trust Question—Relations of
The Chicago American had the fol
lowing very able editorial in last Sun
Various influences have brought
about the present industrial situation
in the United States and the threaten
ing power of the trusts and their man
Most influential has been the na
tural, inevitable tendency toward con
centration of power. Natural laws,
•which can never be thwarted, 'have
brought about the elimination of com
petition and the substitution of wide
organization for the separate strug
gling, scheming and competing of in
Nothing could have prevented ulti
mately the growth of great Industrial
combinations. One feature of our
economic system, the tariff, has fa
cilitated the trust development, and
pushed it forward with a rapidity un.
healthy in itself, and productive of
recklessness and arrogance among
The trusts have been organized to
exploit through elimination of compe
tition. And tariff laws, masquerading
as "measures of protection for the
workingman," have built
ii protecting wall around the trusts
and their extortions.
The Beef Trust charges what it
pleases. In reply to protests, it points
with a sneer to the tariff wall and
Pay what I say. for that wall keeps
you in my power."
With the avaricious heads of indus
trial trusts the great railroad corpora
Tariff and Trusts—Public Ownership of Public Fran'
Now comes the great Ship Trust, to
join with the railroads in fixing the
trust net firmly over the whole coun
There .,iSL 1 ™ork
marked out in the immediate future
for the people of this country, which
means for the national congress.
Thp most important man in the
country today is the candidate for con
Congress alone representing the
whole people, ctin deal with the situ
ation. And this is the situation, as it
stands at present:
In the state of Pennsylvania are
buried the beds
upon which millions of people rely for
against the Winter. One
trust has in its power all of these
beds. It is fortified by absolute
monopoly, by a
the railroads support it.
Steadily this coal trust has increas
ed the price of coal, and patiently the
people have submitted to the succes
But now comes a new development:
There is a strike in the coal regions
the men that dig the coal out of the
ground demand decent treatment.
They have been overworked, under
paid and notoriously robbed In the
weighing of the coal which they dig
out of the earth. The trust weighs
the coal itself and compels the miner
to produce about nine hundred pounds
extra for every ton.
The trust calmly says that it will
not make any agreement with its
workmen, and it cannot mine the coal
And the trust says insolently to the
"You can pay twenty dollars a ton
now and freeze afterwards. For you
*hall have no coal until these miners
start to work under my orders at wages
fixed by me."
One of the coal trust managers, Mr.
Baer, has said to the people over his
own signature that God has given the
coal beds to a handful of trust mana
gers to use at their discretion.
They propose to starve their miners
into submission and incidentally to
freeze the rest of the population to car
ry their point.
In this Coal Trust situation we have
the natural evolution of the trust ques
tion. The same thing may be repeat
ed in any one of the trusts, while mon
opolies, tariffs and railroads combine to
exploit the situation.
The meat trust doubles prices and
the patient, stupid people submit. What
will they do when a strike or some oth
er complication cuts off the meat or
puts it absolutely beyond the reach of
nine-tenths of the people?
The industrial resources, and the
natural wealth of the country, form
erly enriched many individuals of pecu
liar enterprise. They offered an open
field to ambition, energy and special
Now the country's wealth, the coun
try's opportunities,^the country's coal,
iron, oil, sugar, meat, lead, ice—all ne
cessities are in the hands of a few indi
viduals, and the nation is drifting to
ward a condition which will give us a
few preposterously rich inen and a
population of clerks—a situation to be
aggravated by coal or meat famines
and by the rioting of workingmen made
desperate through monopoly of the la
There can be no doubt in the mind
of any man that something has got to
be done to meet this situation.
The tariff gives the trusts their pow
er to a certain extent—and a congress
must be elected that will deal sanely
and fearlessly with the tariff.
The tariff remedy alone will not
meet the situation. The tariff could
do nothing with the coal situation.
The congress of the United States
must deal with the question of ownei
ship and control of the great national
monopolies, the railroads and othei
This question of government owner
ship is no longer a theory, is no longer
in the stage of discussion. It can no
longer be sneeringly dismissed by the
ultra-prosperous as a ridiculous com
munistic dream. It is the important,
pressing question of the hour.
The Democratic platform of the
state of New York, written under con
servative influences, demands that the
government shall seize, own and ope
rate the anthracite coal beds—with due
compensation to present "owners."
Every sane person realizes and ad
mits the justice of this demand. There
is no question as to the soundness of
government ownership when the alter
native is to freeze. The egregiously
stupid coal trust must be thanked for
presenting the issue of government
ownership so squarely to the people.
And a Democratic house of repre
sentatives must be elected to realize
the people's will. There is no element
of partisan politics in this editorial.
The politics of the United States has
progressed beyond the point of parti
sanship. There is nothing partisan
about this question.
Shall nine-tenths of the wealth of
the United States be owned by nine or
ten trusts, or by the whole people?
It is knowrn that the trusts depend
on Republican supremacy for theip*
ity with which they defy such anti
trust laws as exist, and for future law.s
to facilitate their operations.
Every honest Republican, as well as
every Democrat, knows perfectly well
that every trust, without exception,
hopes and works and spends its money
for the election of a Republican house
Every Republican knows in his heart
that he must vote to elect a Demo
cratic congress or give up hope of reg
ulating the present steady movement
towards the absorption of the national
wealth in a few individual hands.
The New York state Democratic
platform, which demands the govern
ment ownership and operation of the
anthracite coal beds, brings to a focus
the present great industrial question.
It will add energy and emphasis to the
desperate efforts of the trusts to keep
their hold on the United States con*
The giant among trusts, the Stand
ard Oil company, issues certificates
which earn eighty per cent dividends
on a hundred millions of stock.
The only picture on these certificates
is a picture of the capitol at Washing
ton, in which congress sits, and that
picture is an apt indication of th«
Standard Oil trust's principal asset.
The plank of the Democrats which
demands government ownership of the
coal beds arouses the antagonism and
terror of every trust. It attacks and
threatens every trust, because it in
volves necessarily government control
of tne railroads.
This Democratic plank is the best
possible and the strongest possible in
troduction into wide government own
If the government is to control the
coal beds it must control the railroads
to get the coal to market.
There is no use glossing over or con
cealing the real meaning of this Dem
ocratic plank. The trusts and the rail
roads have no illusions on the subject.
It is the realization of the idea which
this newspaper has been persistently
advocating ever since Its establish
Public ownership of public franchis
The same Democratic platform that
demands government ownership of the
coal beds has incorporated within it
another plank from this newspaper's
The election of senators by the peo
This editorial is published today in
New York City, in Chicago and in San
Francisco. It is read, and we earnestly
trust that it will be discussed and com
mented upon, by at least three mill,
ions of American voters.
VOL. 7, No. 46 DULUTH AND SUPERIOR, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1902.
Among these three millions of men,
very many, including thoughtful and
conscientious citizens, have in the past
paid slight attention to the choice of
United States representatives.
This choice of your Congressman
should be today your most earnest
thought. The voters of the country, if
they elect a Democratic house of re
presentatives, will make it clear that
they are serious on the trust question.
The election of a Democratic house
of representatives will prove that the
people of the country are in earnest, it
will frighten the trusts temporarily in-
Will the miners win their strike?
They cannot afford to lose. Organized
labor cannot afford to have them lose.
They must not be forced back to work
through want. Now is the time when
every man must do his duty. The pub
lic, and all those who believe in fair
play who stand for justice and hu
manity should give their might towards
the relief of the miners. The Labor
World has raised $157 in a month.
Some unions have subscribed liberally.
Others have appeared to be indifferent.
Some business men have been more
liberal than some unions. Over at
Brainerd they raised $324 in an enter
tainment, We repeat what we have
.the atrUdng gil^
must be supported, if not on better,
than at least on bread, that their man
hood may be maintained, and their
struggle if necessary continued.
Organized labor, and many sympa
thizers, are splendidly responding to
the appeal for financial assistance, but,
as can be well understood, large ex
penditures are involved in maintaining
the needy miners, their wives- and
children, even in the commonest neces
saries of life.
Remember and make all checks pay
able to A. V. Johnson, treasurer of the
Labor World Miners' Aid Fund, and
send same direct to this office.
News of the Strike.
Unless President Mitchell's hurried
visit to New York bears fruit, the end
of the Mine Workers' strike seems a
long way off and the prospect of suf
ficient coal being mined to satisfy the
public demand is extremely poor.
Every local union of the miners' or
ganization throughout the hard coal
belt held special meetings, either Tues
day night or Wednesday, and resolved
GOOD AT BRAINtRD
TRADES ASSEMBLY THERE RAISES
LARGE SUM FOR MIXERS.
Have Oilier C'itien of the State Out
done in Concert receipts—Every
body In Town Tnrns Ont to Help
the Miners—Will Hold Ratifica
tion Meeting When trike In Won
When it comes to giving a concert
for the benefit of the striking miners,
the labor men of Brainerd have their
brothers in the larger cities of the
state completely outdone. Last Fri
day evening a grand concert and ball
was given under the auspices of the
Brainerd Trades and Labor Assembly
and the net receipts amounted to $313.
The concert of local talent was most
excellent, and the 'dance was largely
attended. In a letter to the Labor
World, our organizer Mr. J. B. Dahin
says that the people of Brainerd ad
mire that great man, John Mitchell
for his brave and able stand of last
Friday, and when the poor miners win
there will be a grand blow out at
President Mitchell made quite an
impression with Mr. Roosevelt. Mit
chell was the one man at the confer
ence who was never disconcerted or
rattled. Qui,ck as a flash he say his
opportunity and brought his oppo
nents to bay with a proposal just when
they did not want to meet it. He ma/a
them lose their temper and say petu-
to semi-decency and pave the way to
their ultimate control.
The election of a Democratic lower
house will lead inevitably to the con
stitutional amendment that shall give
us election of Senators by the people.
It will take away from the trusts the
seats in the senate, some of which they
occupy and a majority of which th«y
TEXT OF PRESIDENT MITCHELL'S LETTER
DECLINING TO ASK MINERS TO RESUME
The following letter was sent by President Mitchell, of the United Mine Workers of America, to President
Roosevelt today, in answer to the suggestion of the president that Mitchell request the miners to resume work
Theodore Roosevelt. President of the United States. Washington. D. C., Dear Sir.—Carrol D. Wright
has no doubt reported to you the delivery of you rrjnessaae to me last Monday and my statement to him
that I should take your suggestion under advisemeint .although I did not look upon it with favor.
Since that time I have consulted with out district presidents, who concur fully in mv views.
We desire to assure you again that we feel keenly the resonpsibility of our position and the gravity of the sit
uation. and it would give us great pleasure to take any action which would bring this coal strike to an end in a
manner that would safeguard th.e interests of our constituents.
In proposing that there be an immediate resumption of coal mining upon the conditions we suggested in the
conference at the White House we believed that we had flOne more than half way and had met yo wishes.
It is unnecessary in this letter to refer to the malicioua assault upon us in the response of the coal operators.
We feel confident vou must have been impressed with the fairness of our proposition and the insincerity of those
who maligned us.
Having in mind our experience with the coal operator^ in the past, we have no reason to feel any degree of
confidence in their willingness to do us justice in the future, and inasmuch as they have refused to accept the de
cision of a tribunal selected bv vou and inasmuch as there is no/law through which you could enforce the findings
of the oommittee, you sugqest, we respectfully decline to.fdvise our people to return to work simply upon^ the
hope that the coal operators might be induced or forced to Comply with the recommendations of your commission.
As stated abov*. we believe we went more than half, way in our proposal at Washington and we do not feel
that we should be asked to make further sacrifices.
We appreciate your solicitude for the people of our country who are now and will be subjected to great suf
fering and inconvenience bv a prolongation of the coal strike -nd we feel th-A on us of this "rible state of
affairs should be placed upon the side which has refused. to defer to fair and impartial investigation.
to remain on strike.until the mine own
ers grant them some concessions, and
while the reports of these meetings
came pouring in to Wilkesbarre, Presi
dent Mitchell dictated a letter to tht
president of the United States, in
which he gave his answer to the propo
sition that the strikers return to work
and trust to have their .condition im
proved through an investigating com
What the answer of the miners' chief
is he refused to divulge, but if Is diffi
cult to conceive that with the replies
of the local unions piled around him
he could do otherwise than respectful
ly decline the president's proposition*
Mr. Mitchell seht^I&ttfttef to Wash
noon, accompanied by ttitf three dis
trict presidents, left for -New York.
His mission there is also a secret. A
rumor spread that a settlement was in
sight. Mr. Mitchell and his colleagues
would not say whom they expected to
Busy Day for Officials.
It was a busy day for the miners
officials about headquarters. From
early morning until late Wednesday
night the returns came in constantly.
Later the corps of newspaper corre
spondents stationed here were Invited
to examine the reports, and none was
found that was not couched in firm lan
Briefly stated, the resolutions in
these reports affirm the confidence of
the men in the integrity and judgment
of their president, praise President
Roosevelt for his efforts to end the
strike, denounce the presidents of the
coal carrying railroads for their al
leged abuse of the chief executive at
the conference in Washington, de
nounce the employment of the coal and
lant things and call names.
Mitchell was terribly in earnest, but
under complete control.
There was no disposition to indulge
in fancy labor talk for effect.
The president has spoken many
times of the splendid manner in which
Mitchell conducted his part of the con
ference. Since then he has learned
that Mitchell is just as much of a man
of business for his organization as
Baer is for his railroads and coal com
Mitchell is playing the game to win.
With him the president of the United
States is a factor, just as Mr. Morgan
is a factor—as Mr. Hanna was a factor
once and may be again. Carefully and
cautiously, he weighs the extremity of
the country and its effects the distress
of the miners and what they may do,
and the implacable hatred of the cap.
italists for his union and how best to
break their resistance. He is not an
enthusiast, nor a fanatic, but a plain
business man in charge of the miners'
union. To preserve his organization
and get more pay for its members if
just as much his business as it is that
of President Baer to break the organ
ization and pay lower wages. Mitchell
gets $1,800 a year and less when a
strike is in progress. He could earn
ten times as much if he would accept
other positions in commercial life.
Mitchell can be swayed by senti
ment no more than Morgan can be
moved by prejudice. Mitchell has no
desire to help Roosevelt. He only
wants to use him to win. If politics
were to be considered, doubtless he
would prefer to aid Hanna. If he is to
stop now without Important- results,
he must see his way to be in shape to
begin the flght again with powerful
laws on his side. He knows the power
of trusts to prevent these laws. At
Brainerd Mr. Dahin has succeeded In
organizing several new unions. He has
the teamsters in line with fifteen mem
bers, and hopes to have the tailors soon
under the banner of their international
•union. The Trades Assembly there is
composed of an able and active set of
men who are working harmoniously to
mtber In the interest of labor. In com
HOTEL HART. WILKESBARRE. Pa.. Oct. 8. 1902.
I am. respectfully.
JOHN MITCHELL. President U. M. W.
iron police, thank all organizations
and citizens throughout the country
for the financial assistance given, and
denounce Gov. Stone for sending troops
Nearly all the resolutions contained
a sentence to the effect that the men
will remain out "though all the troops
in the United States were sent here,"
until they are granted some conces
General Situation Unchanged.
Additional troops for this region
have not yet arrived and the general
strike situation remains unchanged.
The coal company officials have noth
ing to say, beyond the fact that they
are awaiting developments.
TJheoe is. no Increase h-% *klpmetit
produced. No violence
Amount sent to miners
yesterday, and, in. fact, Very little'since
the troops were stationed here. Spec
ulation as to whether the presence of
all the troops will increase the coal
production is still indulged in.
The production since the Ninth regi
ment has been in this valley has not
increased. And if the resolutions
adopted by the local unions today in
dicate anything, it is not likely that
much coal will be shipped to market for
Condition of Labor World Fund.
Amount reported last week $79 00
Bakers' union 25 00
A miners' ^sympathizer 10 00
Typographical union 20 00
D. A. Petre 1 00
C. H. Appleby 2 00
Steam Engineers' union 10 00
Carpenters' Council 10 ftO
Balance on hand $11 00
parison with other towns of the state,
Brairterd is leading according to popu
lation all other cities. This has been
accomplished in less than six months,
anr simply because everybody is doing
some work there.
ARE THE ANARCHISTS.
The daily press is supporting the
miners this time more than ever. The
following from the St. Paul News, asks
whf the anarchists really are:
The collossal egotist, President Baer,
wha says he is one of God's stewards
on earth, before the face of the presi-.
dent of the Unitd States brands the
miners as anarchists.
Let us see.
It was the miners who offered arbi-.
It was the operators who demanded
It was John Mitchell who spoke of
It was President Baer who declared
It was President Baer who told the
president of the United States to at«
tend to his own business and let the
operators attend theirs, and then
asked for troops to end the strike.
Who, then, are the anarchists?
Is it not a crime against society for
the strong to crush the weak?
An archy of greed at the top of so
ciety is as dangerous as an anarchy
of poverty at the bottom.
BLACK CHOCOLATE CAKE.
Half a cup of grated chocolate, a gill
of milk, half a cup of brown sugar.
Boil these together until as thick as
cream and let cool. One cup of brown
sugar, half a flVp of butter, two beaten
eggs, two-thirds of a cup of milk van
illa flavoring. Mix well, beat in the
boiled mixture, add two cups of flour
sifted thoroughly with a heaping .tea
spoonful of baking pow*ier. Bake in
layers, and when cool put together with
boiled frosting. Or you may bake the
cake in a loaf tin and cover the loaf
with chocolate ictus. ?.
''Florence Nightingale" of the Miners Tells an Impassionate
Story of the Sufferings of the Oppressed—Attempt to Break
the Spirit of the Women by Evicting Them From Their
"If Christ came to America" took ad
vantage of the best university educa
tion the country affords, then went
into the anthracite and West Virginia
mining regions he never would be able
to write a book which could properly
convey to the minds of its readers the
horrors that surround the lives of min
ers. The human tongue cannot tell of
the miseries that blast the lives of
those who earn a living in the bowels
of the earth, nor of the sufferings of
their unfortunate wives and children.
My hair is white and liam burdened
with the weight of, many years, but
while I have strength enougii left to
use my voice it will be lifted in be
half of those miners whose lives have
been ruined and who have been made
slaves through the avarice of those
who not only believe but declare boldly
they have a divine rigrht to the earth
and the fullness thereof."
A woman of small stature, credited
with having spent tWee-score years and
ten on earth, spoke as above. Her hair
is white, but her form is erect. Fire
flashed from her eyes and her voice
trembled with emotion as she told of
flier experiences with^the miners.
"I have spent years with them," she
said. "I have lived in their homes, have
partaken of their scant, coarse fare
have wept with them by the deathbeds
of their loved ones, have shared their
sorrows, but alas, I cannot say that I
ever rejoiced with them. Joy is un
known in the mining regions of West
Virginia, as far as the miners and
their unfortunate families are con
The speaker was "Mother" Jones, the
idol of the miners, who have spent the
greater part of her life in an effort to
organize them and improve their con
dition's. She is lecturing in -several
towns on the conditions of the miners
in the anthracite regions of Penn
sylvania and in West Virginia.
Auy reference to West Virginia rous
ed the champion of £he miners.
'"•^ey dtm^f live^
do ititi&y "llv|?
they exist. Harriet peecher Stowe nev
er drew a picture of slavery that com
pares with the condrtions of the miners
in West Virginia. The wage slavery
of that state is the blackest page in
American history. I tell you, you peo
ple in the north can,t realize the
amount of human misery that exists
among the unfortunates with whom
I have made my home for years.
ISSUED BY AUTHORITY OF
C. W. ERICSON,
"How are the miners housed?" atoe
"Housed? Housed, did you say?" she
cried. "Why, cattle may have decent
roofs over them, but the shacks they
call homes among the mines of West
Virginia would not be tolerated in the
worst sections of your city. They are
are not houses—they consist of six
boards, a bundle of shingles and half a
pound of nails. Such are the homes
the West Virginia miners when they
are working, but many of them at
present have only heaven for a roof
and the ground for a pillow."
"The coal operators do not propose to
let the strikers indulge in the luxury of
a board roof, and men, woman and
children have been driven out to die
on the mountain sides. At Piney^
Ridge three weeks ago I saw a mother
with her babe, 6 months old throw
out of the shack called home by the
officers of the law. An old, gray head
ed grandmother was thrown out with
"The feeble old grandmother took
the babe on hen lap and with tears
streaming down her cheeks said: "My
poor babe, how soon they have begun
to persecute you!"
"Three hours later the babe died un
der God's sunlight. I could recite hun
dreds of cases just as bad as this.
They thought they would break their
spirits when they threw them out of
the shacks, but the woman and child
ren in many cases have been giveu
shelter in barns and the men can live
on t'he mountain sides until the fighl
"The children are the worst suffer
ers,"she continued, "and their suffer
ings prompt some of the strikers to
seek employment elsewhere. Just as I
started for Iowa one of the strikers
came to me and said: "Mother, I
would like to stay and fight, but I've
got twins 4 months old and I'm afraid
I'll have tp go and get work some other
plpce so can titir malted milk for ,.
tfcem »r .t&syjll
which I willsend to you and you can/
buy hialled milk-for-the .babes.' Tears'
ran down the cheeks of the poor, fellow
as he grasped my hand and said: 'If
you'll do that mother, I'l stay and flght
to the end. T'hey cant lick us.'
"The miners will win. They have
come to the conclusion that hey might
as well starve striking as working and
they will stick to the last."
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