Newspaper Page Text
After all the sacrifice made by the
tin plate workers in order to enable
the tin plate trust to secure the rebate*
trade of the United States, the beef
trust has decided to get into the tin
plate business on its own account. The
Armour Co. has purchased a sheet
mill at "Waukesha, Wis., and will in
stall a tin plate department at once.
The cut proposed by the tin plate trust
to the workers last summer was to
secure the work of the Standard Oil
Co. and the big Chicago packers, who
are the largest consumers of tin plate
in the world. Each of these great com
bines had been threatening to put up
tin mills of their own unless specially
favored by the tin plate trust. In or
der to head off such competition, as
the big packers would undoubtedly sell
their surplus on the market at any
price, the tin plate trust proposed to
give them -tin plate for less than they
could afford to manufacture it. In or
der to do this it was necessary to cut
the wages of the workers and the 25
per cent reduction was proposed. Af
ter the men presented the counter pro
position and agreed, to a general re
duction of 3 per cent for the rebate
trade, it was supposed the move of the
big consumers was ended. But the lat
est developments show that the tin
plate workers were buncoed.
A dispatch from York, Neb., says: L.
E. McCann, a laboring man, has pat
ented an attachment to a harvester
which draws Jaound bundles of grain
together and when there are Just bun
dies enough to make a good shock of
grain, drops the grain shocks on the
ground in such a way that the bundles
stand up of their own weight as close
together as if it were done by the har
vest hand. Nearly all of the large har
vest manufacturers have investigated
Mr. McCann's patent and they all
think that it will save the farmers of
the world millions of dollars now paid
out for labor. The bundle carrier and
shocker looks like a small platform
set on four wheels. Capitalists have
offered to form an organization with a
large.amount of paid-up capital, and
to give Mr. McCann a one-half interest,
in addition to a large amount of cash.
In November the A. F. of Li. char
tered the Amalgamated Rubber Work
ers' Union, a new national body, 21
city central bodies, 22 federal labor un
ions, and 72 local trade unions having
no national. organizations. The An
drew Kimble Bent Wood Works,
Zanesville, O., was placed on the-fair
list. -Wagner Leather
& CoV San "Francisco," an® fcne^ S&
Rosa Tanning Co., Santa Rosa»^C?fil
were placed on the unfair list. t?
A new labor play, called "The Union
Man," is to be started on the road
from Chicago this month. The play
is intended to typify the trade organ
ization principle, and serves as a ser
mon to awaken the public to the real
intentions of organized labor. A Chi
cago manager will put the play on the
road. Over 50 persons are employed in
the cast, every one carrying a card
from some union.
Western and Southern labor papers
say the American Labor Union officials
have challenged Samuel Gompers to
debate. Former offer to prove that the
U. is superior to the A. F. of L.
as an organization.
Organized labor in Middletown, N.
and ten hours for from
$1.50 to $3.50 per day. Unorganized
gets from 70 cents to $1.75 per day of
ten to fourteen hours. Figures talk.
Lumber workers in Olympia, Wash.,
were advanced 25 cents more on da^g
and given privilege to board where
they pleased, virtually abolishing com
pany boarding houses.
The silver trust has gobbled $30,
000,000 worth of silver mines in Mexico.
And Mr. Bryan is densely silent re
garding this form of expansion.
A movement has been started by
western capitalists to form a- national
non-union men for the
puspose of protecting the "right" to
Gas workers in San Francisco were
WILL THE SOUTH SECEDE
FROM THE A. F. OF L.?
•A Southern Correspondent Say# It
Will Unless Better Cared for in
Way of Paid Organisers.
According to a correspondent of the
Industrial Journal of iCorth Carolina
who claims to have traveled all over
the southern states, there is great dan
ger that unless the American Federa
tion of Labor attends more-strictly to
Its business of organizing in the South
there is likely to be a break in its
ranks and a "Southern Federation of
This correspondent claims the. South
has been neglected for years in the
matter of paid organizers from the A.
F. of L., and that thsy are getting
tired of "going it alone," at the same
time paying per capita tax into that
body. The writer claims the dissat
isfaction is so great that he concludes:
"The union men of the South are
right, and Jf the A. F. of L. does not
do something for them, and that at
once, I do not believe there will be 10
charters on the walls of labor halls in
this section that were issued by the
parent body, 60 days from today, antf
When the break comes I judge the
stampede will not stop.: this side ?f the
Whether or not there is any truth
In this threat of secession. it is un
doubtedly true that the dissatisfaction
granted another 10 per cent raise and
now demand the eight-hour shift.
Patternrr^aKjers and machinists in
Dover, N. were granted the nine
hour day and no reduction.
It is reported from the West that the
new United Brotherhood of Railway
Employes, which admits all classes of
railway workers, has or is about to
Join the American Labor Union. The
new brotherhood officials declare that
out of a million and a quarter railway
workers but 200,000 are in the old
brotherhoods, that many of the em
ployes are not eligible to join the older
organizations, and that the U. B. of R.
E. will combine with them wherever
Following the ruling of the U. S
government that union labels could not
be printed tn wrappers, comes a re
port from Milwaukee that a firm is
turning out some furniture for Uncle
Sam in that city has been notified not
to place the union label thereon,
General Organizer McLean, of the A.
F. of L., who created more trouble
than anything else, has had his com
mission revoked. There are several
others who ought to be treated in the
same manner, notably Pierce, who is
wasting good money in Denver.
Attempts is being made in Virginia
to force a bill through the legislature
to abolish child slavery. Thousands
The 8-hour day Is observed exclu
sively in Booneviile, Ind., by organized
labor, and since unions came wages
have increased 25 per cent.
Meat butchers and cutters in Grand
Rapids, Mich., have obtained closing of
all stores on Sunday arjd recognition
Watchmen's union in Holypke, Mass.
were given a demand of one night off
each week and an increase of 25 cents
Federal labor union men in Sullivan
Ind,., gained an increase of 25 cents on
the day and reduced ten-hour day to
Cracker bakers and flour workers in
Kansas City, Mo., were granted in
creased wages on request of commit
Machinists at Des Moines, la., -have
been- given an advance cf 25 cents
the-.M^^jfeffigt*, Paul raflro&l ^thput
will be $4|S0„for aneight-hbtir diyi
Blacksmiths in Norwich, N. Y., se
cured a raise in wages without loss of
time, and won the nine-hour day.
Carpenters in Fort Worth, Tex., won
their demands for $3.50 per day of
eight hours and the card system goes.
After three days' idleness the mold
ers in Zanesville, O., were granted de
mands for 25 per cent raise in scale.
Miners will demand an increase of
wages in all bituminous coal fields at
their coming convention.
Electrical workers in Ottumwa, la.,
after a two weeks' lay off, gained a 25
cent a day increase.
Glove workers in Ripon, Wis., have
so much work they requested a 25 cent
increase and got it.
Painters, printers and carpenters in
Ashtabula, O., secured a 25 cent raise
without going out.
Curbing workers in Mt. Vernon, Ind.,
gained a 15 per cent increase on re
quest of committee.
Milwaukee, Wis,, glove workers were
granted 10 cents increase and hours re
duced to nine.
Grinders ,in a Philadelphia concern
secured eight-hour day at ten-hour
scale of wages.
Carriage workers in Franklin, Pa.,
now put in nine hours for a day's work.
Glove workers in Holyoke, Mass.,
asked for and received a 25 cent raise.
Gas workers in Holyoke, Mass., asked
for and received a 25 cent raise.
Miners at Victor, Col., dedicated a
$7,500 labor temple.
away of the Western Labor union. The
A. F. of L. has a big Job on its hands
satisfying the demands of all sections,
and while many of the demands made
are arbitrary, there are enough real
grievances to occupy the attention of
the wisest of the A. F. L. officers.
A BIG BODY OF UNION MEN.
The Chicago Federation of Labor has
now affilated with it 310 unions, which
send 1,152 delegates to represent them.
The teamsters alone are entitled to
and elect 149 delegates, representing
25 local unions the carpenters are
next with 65 delegates, the street car
men send 43, and wood workers and
school teachers' unions each 36 dele
gates. Machinists have 33, clerks 29,
meat cutters, butchers and special or
der clothing unions 28 each, and the
musicians 23, and freight handlers 21
the balance being made up of delegates
from smaller unions. In all the body
represents over 71,000 members of or
EIGHT HOURS IN GERMANY
The printing trades in Germany .have
agreed on a uniform wage scale and
working hours to govern "the whole
Qerman empire. The working hours
are fixed at nine hours per day. with
^"Intervals," but, the actual working
time' must -not exceed eight hour?
day. All disputes must be submitted
to/anVarbitration board composed
equally of employers and ^employes.
HIS COMMISSIONS AILOX© HAS
CREASED HIS FORTUNES.
workers having been disfranchised, it
will be a hard job,
Representatives of the two national
team drivers' unions will meet in In
dianapolis, Jan. 12, for the purpose of
adjusting their differences and amal
Total Income of Morgan & Co. Like
ly Not to Be Made Public—Wealth
Produced by Labor
Year HAS Been Slowly Sapped
Away by the Clan* That Control*
the Capital of the Nation.
The profits of
P. Morgan & Co.
for financing seven combines during
the past year amounted to $42,000,000.
This vast sum does not include the im
mense profits that resulted from ope
rating the United States Steel Corpor
ation, the thousands of miles of rail
ways in which Morgan is interested
nor- his banks, coal mines, ships and
scores of other profitable enterprises.
It Is doubtful whether the total Income
of the Morgan Co. will be made public,
If the firm can clean up $42,000,000
alone In merely lending its name to
seven new trusts its investments in
gilt-edged stocks and bonds of scores
of combines must bring in fabulous
wealth, for Morgan & Co. do not carry
on losing games.
And so the wealth produced by labor
during the year 1902 has been slowly
sapped away by the class that controls
the capital of the nation, and the hun
dreds of millions of profits cleared by
the Rockefellers and Morgans simply
represent the toil, the sweat and blood,
of millions of men, women and chil
dren in ship, factory, mine arid -on
farms, railways, ships, etc.
These colossal fortunes that are ex
acted from the tollers quarterly, semi
annually and annually are re-invested
over and over again and each invest
ment adds to the wealth that is being
piled up by the captains of industry,
The question that arises right here is,
how long can dividends be paid by
the constant compounding of interest?
How lbng can the people pay profits
where new stocks are constantly is
sued and where prices are steadily ad
vanced and the power to purchase is
That is the lesson in political econ
omy that the capitalists, crazed in the
mad chase for gold, do not study
Sdttfethlttg "does not ootne.lron^.noth*.
aSvanced, in fajtyfr
as a whole has remiintd about i«t«p
tionary. Capital has absorbed practi
cally all of the increased production
of labor, and that part of it which will
bfe converted Into n«w capital to de
mand new profit,will mean still more
or get along with less wages or few
er necessities because of a still furth
er raise in prices.
The only avenue of escape for labor
to organize and strike for more of
the wealth it produces in order to off
set the advance of prices of necessities.
Whether capital will be satisfied with
less profits is immaterial. Let the cap
italists worry about their own affairs—
they never worry about the conditions
of the workers. 11 some of them go
bankrupt it only means that their ca
pital has been. confiscated by some
stronger competitor, who becomes a
greater boss, and all bosses look alike
to us. It is not our fault if Morgan
absorbs the wealth of the small capi
talists and becomes the employer of
nearly all labor in the United States
in a few years.
Since the claim is made that "it is a
wise child that knows its own father,"
we will be mighty glad to know our
boss when all work for Morgan, but as
for the wisdom of perpetuating such
a system—well, that's another story.—
STRUGGLE FOR THE FUTURE.
More eloquent words than those ut
tered by John Mitchell, when talking
to the commission regarding the strike,
were ^never uttered. They can be read
and re-fead, and each time impress the
reader with their noble thought and
manly courage which induces the min
ers to battle for their loved ones:
"Involved in this fight are questions
weightier than any question of dol
lars and cents. The present miner has
had his day he has been oppressed
and ground down, but there is another
generation coming up—a. generation of
little children, prematurely doomed to
the mill and the noise and
blackness of the breakers. It is for
these little children we are fighting.
We have not underestimated the
strength of our opponents we have not
overestimated our. own power of re
sistance. Accustomed always to live
on a little, a little lessis no unendu
rable hardship. It was with a quaking
of liearts that we asked for our last
pay envelopes but in the grim' and
hand of the miner was the lit
tle white hand of a child, a child like
the children of the rich, and In the:
heart of the miner was the soul-rooted
determination to starve to4 the last:
crust of bread and fight out the lorjg.
dreary battle, to win
life for the,
child and secure lor it a place in the
world in keeping with advanced civil
Little Bob—My Aunt' Debby. is
Little Willie—She looks all right!
We give a few below of those rep
resented in, Duluth.
The carpenters union shows some
splendid work during the year. It in
creased its number of unions, members
and finance during the year to amaz
ing figures. I
The American Federation' of Labor
presents at the beginning of the new
year a very interesting and remarkable
official record of practical trade union
achievement for the past yfear.
(Geo. W. Perkins.
The sentiment of our members is, I
should say, almost unanimously in
favor of the eight-hour work-day. We
have worked eight hours since 18S6.
The regular working hours are eight
per day. The'members certainly favor
an eight-hour work-day. This law, in
our organization, was adopted by the
referendum, that is, all members had
an opportunity to vote upon the ques
tion. The physical, mental and moral
condition of our members has steadily
improved since the reduction of the
hours of labor to eight per day. Sta
tistics, recently compiled, show that in
10 years after the adoption of the short
hour ork-day the average length of
life of the members increased Just six
years. The same .statistics show that
the average leiigth of life of the wives
and mothers of the union cigarmakers
increased, in the: same period, eight
There is no question but the moral
condition of the. cigarmakers has
steadily improved ynder the eight-hour
day. I am prepared to state that this
is a fact from careful personal inves
Our owp experience in this connection
warrants me in saying that a general
reduction of hours throughout the coun
try, in all branches of trade and com
merce, would result to the general good
of the entire population. What it has
done for our pr^niisatioh, it would, al
most of necessity, do for other crafts.
We. had 244: difficulties during the
year, the most of which were for an
increase of wages. All told, 11,912 mem
bers were involved. Of these 185
proved successful ,:27 were comprom
ised 32 were* lost, £nd 7 are still pend
ing, or their final ieport is not in. Of
the 23 lost, it can $e said' that only 18
were involved in 4 straight issue, and
the number of members was insignifi
CARPENTER8, UNITED BROTHER
Total Jncome for year..„.......$244,545'28
Previous balance on hand'. .. 57,800 73
Total.. .. ...... $302,34601
Total expenses for year.*. 188,987 76
Leaving balance on hand. .$133,358 25
Two hundred and fifty demands were
made for better conditions, principally
shortening of the hours of toil, advance
in'wages, recognition of the union, re
fusal to work with non-union men, or
to handle material manufactured under
unfair, non-union conditions. We were
successful in every instance, in estab
lishingtheSte demands, gaining: recogni
tion and inaugurating a system of ar
bitration with our employers, to avoid
further strikes and lockouts.
During the same period of time, we
added 3i2 new unions to our list, with
a membership of 35,420.
Reports, received at this office show
that work is plentiful in the carpenter
trade in all sections. Men of the craft
now see the necessity of organization
and are applying for admission to our
locals very rapidly. Unions are being
formed in localities hitherto entirely
Reports, coming to this office show
that the year 1902 has been the most
successful in the history of our organ
ization in the American and Canadian
During, the year we have organized 13
branches. The increase of membership
was 1,548, which is an unprecedented
record. Trade has been generally good,
and the percentage of the unemployed
at the lowest mark. Prospects fair for
Journal of the Seamen's Union
A Tells Wfca£ to Do.
The following from the Seamen's
Journal may be of value to some of our
readers if traveling-on the water next
Somebody once described sea-sick
ness as a condition in which you spend
one half-hour, fearing that you will
die, and as the petal de mer increases,
you spend the next half-hour fearing
that you won't die.' There are many
remedies recommended, but most ., of
these can only be takenunder medical
supervision.' The practice of taking a
full meal just before sailing is algether
wrong nor is fasting to be recommend
ed. A good meal should be token about
three hours before sailing, to place -the
patient in- the best possible condition
to fight the exhaustion. One medicine
may be safely tried by. any one—that
of^ potassium. Twenty
grains should be taken-in water'twice
a' day before goinpr on board. Imme
diately ^on embarking, the patient
should He 'down oil, his back and place
the future. Conditions have improved
through increase in wages or reduction
in hours. This has been general
throughout the country. A very grati
fying settlement was effected in Bos
ton by the Carpenters' Executive Coun
cil, composed of Brotherhood of Car
penters and Joiners and representatives
of our organization and of the Master
Carpenters' Association, whereby the
eight-hour day is thoroughly recognized
on all buildings and. the nine-hour day
in shops. Wages will be 37*4 cents per
hour from May, 1903, to May, 1904
This is an increase of 2% cents per hour
on the present rate. Several of our
local committees have informed us that
they contemplate seeking better condi
tions next spring, whieh^ives-us con
fidence that the present prosperous con
dition of our craft js to continue for
some time to come.
HOTEL. AND RESTAURANT EM
Jere L. Sullivan.
We have doubled our membership
since January 1, 1902. Commencing
February 1, this year, we will institute
a death benefit of $50.
During the year our members have
enjoyed steady employment under
union conditions. Several locals ob
tained reduction in hours. At San
Antonio, Texas, and some other places
this was accomplished without trouble
During the month we have issued 39
charters to locals of our trade through
out the various parts of the country,
Our reports from all sections of the
country show our locals in a healthy
condition and nearly all of them are
securing better conditions of employ
ment. In many cases this is accom
plished without a strike.
Our trade has made steady progress
during the year and we now have
membership of 5,000. Trade is good
generally speaking, but very dull in
Texas. In other parts of the country
there is a steady demand for workmen
of our trade. W.e formed five new
locals during the last month, giving us
an increase of 300 members. There is
every indication that we. will be able
to organize our trade thoroughly in the
coming year, especially in the large
During tlie past year we havfr ad
oWC oVer members, an$ ?5 locals.
have'recently been chartered in!
C. L. Bain.
Beginning January 1, 1902, each suc
ceeding month proved a banner month,
our progress, continuing steady and
sure. During the year we doubled our
membership, receipts, number of locals
and union stamp factories. We have
greatly increased our facilities for
carrying on the work of organization
and every indication points to the com
ing year as being even more successful
than the past.
WOOD, WIRE & METAL LATHERS.
A. F. Liebig.
Condition of trade for the year has
been very fair. During the past month
fiye charters have been issued. Will
iamsport, Pa. Sioux Falls, S. D. Chi
cago McKeesport, Pa. White Plains,
N. Y. Have reinstated two locals at
Augusta, Ga., and Connellsville, Pa.
Total increase in membership is 300
for this month alone. We now have
a total membership of 3,600.
hour, and not exceeding four doses.
When vomiting comes on, ice should
be sucked, or iced champagne may be
taken. Perhaps the best effects may be
obtained by binding a rather -tight
compress, over the storiiach by means
of a broad binder, which is to be ex
tended down Qver the whole abdomen.
This contrivance tends to keep away
the vomiting, and when persistent, it
saves the abdominal muscles from the
wreached straining that it is so hard
The above essay is in no way appli
cable to that part of humanity man
ning a vessel. The .man who ships on
a vessel to earn a living is supposed to
have a well-seasoned, non-rebellious
stomach.. Imagine, for a-moment, the
seaman lying on his back, sipping iced
champagne. Forty years ago a smart
whack from a rope's end would be the
remedy, effecting a speedy cure. How
ever, the foregoing advice is not to be
held in contempt, and It will be well
for any- weather-beaten mariner to keep*
it-in mind for^ practical use.-
The Moral of It.
Full Set Best Teeth
ZeiHb Phone 168.
tvlch, Conn. Aberdeen, Wash. Texar
kana, Tex. Rockford, HI. .Butte,
Mdnt. New Orleans, La. Franklin,
Pa. Muncie, Ind. Marlboro, Mass?,
Victoria, B. C. El Paso, Tex. Parsons.
Kan., and Whatcom, Wash. In quiries
and requests for literature are still
doming in. We are also trying to gain
a foothold in Porto Rico with a view
to. securing all Spanish-speaking musi
cians on the American continent, as we
could spread the movement from there
to Cuba, Mexico, Central America and
finally to the larger communities, such
as Rio de Janeiro and Montevidio, in
From the Toledo Times:
V^Secretarsj: Shaw, having. declined!- to
216 WEST SUPERIOR STREET.
WE PAY 5% INTEREST ON DEPOSITS.
Ban! \ng Hours 10:00 A. M. to 3:00 P. M.
Saturdays, 9:00 A. M. to IKK) P. M.
ISSUED BY AUTHORITY OF
UNION LABEL HATS and CAPS. UNION LABEL GLOVES aad SHOES
ARE YOU AFTER.
UNION LABEL CLOTH INC
This store is .where you will find the largest assortment of Union
Label goods at popular prices. Made by the largest and best
manufacturers in the country. We were the first firm in the
city to intrpduce the.« Union Label" on clothing.
60*1$ $12, $15,
219 West Superior Street.
Two Floors. Perfoet Daylight.
HAVII YOU TRIED THEM DO SO AND BE CONVINCED THAT THE
La Verdad aad La Linda.
CIGARS ARB THE FINEST THAT MONET WILL BUT, AND THAT
SKILLED LABOR CAN PRODUCE.
Ron Fernandez Cigar Company.
UNION LABEL. HOMEMADE.
WE ARE LEADERS IN
Union Label Cigars
Feltewlnf Ara Some of Our Choicest Brando:
Epici u, U' CuM, Leaders, White Ash, Red Cross, Union
Hade Union ilade' (hand), Turf .Queen, Union- Boquet,
Dull fa, Free Cuba,' Emblems, Coronation, Navy 'Pride.
LAKESIDE AND LESTER PARK.
Lets 50 140 fiet, For $158 te $500, Easy
Buy your lot of us and we will loan yon the money to
b^ild when you are ready.
LAKESIDE LAW Cfc, 513 LMSttfc Bulling.
and Be Convinced
That we can grre you first-class dental
work at reasonable prices.
Qold Crowns $7.00
White Crowns $5.00
White Fillings 75c
Oold Fillings, up from $1.50
Silver Fillings, up from 75c
Painless Extracting 50c
JOHNSON 6 KAAKE,
Mesaba Block—409-11 W. Superior Street, Duluth
ESTABLISHED ISM. J,.
PURE WINES AMD LIQUORS
:vr«r FAMILY AND MEDICINAL PURP03E.
ffbir* Is Nothing' Purer fhan-S. I« LEVIN'S