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•0MLY LABOR PAPER
VOX.. 15. NO 26.
MHllie GOOD REG8RD
Solidarity of Movement Now
Greater Than at any Time
in the History*
GRAND SUCCESS SHOWN
BY OFFICERS' REPORTS
Close of Fiscal Year Finds Cause
At High Water Mark of
Tile reports of President Gompers,
Secretary Morrison, Treasurer Lennon
*nd other officials of the American
Federation of Labor to the oonvention
In Denver were the best reports that
liave ever -been presented to a similar
.. .convention since the organization of
that body. The men of organized la
bor throughout the United States are
rejoicing to think that there has been
such little Impression made upon the
labor organizations -by the recent pan
ic, to say nothing of the strenuous
endeavors on the part of labor's enem
ies to disrupt her ranks.
The following excerpts from Presi
dent Gompers' report are very encour
aging to all loyal unionists. He said:
"In the midst of such adverse cir
cumstances, that our trade unions
have maintained their existence, speak
well of them and of the sound econ
omic and fundamental principles upon
which they are based. That they have
not succumbed to the fearful antag
onism arrayed against them, to the
lack of employment and to other In
sidious influence, is the best evidence
that the movement of labor has found
the citadel of its protection ,its nob
lest inspiration, in the hearts and
minds of the workers."
"The American labor movement is
founded upon the inherent principles
of justice and right. Its men are
as loyal to the institutions of
our republic as can be found in any
walk of life. The unions of labor and
our federation have done so much for
the material, moral, and social uplift
of the toilers that they will be indel
ibly impressed* upon the hearts and
minds not only of the workers them
selves, but of every earnest, intelli
gent, liberty,loving, fair-minded citi
zen of our country.
"The aim of our unions is to improve
.the aiAn.Ja.rA of life to foster educa
tion and instill character, manhood and
an independent ifpYrlt among our peo
ple to bring about a recognition of
the interdependence of man upon his
fellow-man. We aim to establish a
normal workday, to take the children
from the factory and workshop to
give them the opportunity of the
school, the home and the playground.
In a word, our unions strive to light
en toil, educate the workers, make
their homes more cheerful, and in
every way contribute an earnest effort
to make life the better worth living.
To achieve these praiseworthy ends,
we believe that all honorable and law
ful means are both justifiable and com
mendable, and wjll receive the sym
pathetic support of every liberty-lov
ing, right-thinking American.
"Looking over the vast field of the
activities of OUT labor movement, the
great good it has accomplished for our
fellow-workers particularly, and for
our people generally, the conviction
has become ingrained in my very being
that there is no force so potent in
all society making for the material,
moral, and social uplift as the much
abused, and as yet litle understood,
"It is with much pleasure that I
report at the close of this fiscal year
$138,627.89 in the treasury, the high
water mark in the history of the
American Federation of Labor.
"With the termination of this year
I have served as secretary of the
American Federation of LaJbor for
twelve years. During that time I have
had the gratification of watching the
Federation of Labor add 1,-
322,000 members to its grand total. To
be an officer of an organization dur
ing the period of such great su-ccess
is in itself something to be ever re
membered with the keenest of appre
"For a period of eighteen years I
have been each year reporting to the
conventions of the A. F. of L. as its
treasurer. During that considerable
period of time the trade union move
ment has encountered many obstacles,
and in a large measure overcame them.
The calamity howlers have always
been in our midst, pointing out the
near dissolution of the trade union
"But in spite of all opposition, both
from within and from without .and
despite all discouragements offered,
the trade union movement has steadily
made progress Improved conditions
have been secured. Wages have been
"The intelligence of the workers has
nude wonderful progress, and the
solidarity, of our movement Is greater
now than at any time in the past hls
-tory of organized labor on this con
tinent. With 'this knowledge before
us, there should be no gloom or dis
to the future. Ob
stacles will !be met, but the trade
union will meet them successfully. The
pessimists, I suppose, will always re
main with us but their lamentations
will not be sufficiently potent to re
tard the progress of organized labor.
To the officers of' the federation, the
officer^ of the national and interna-
unions, and to the thousands of
as^mttyerjs. of the local unions whom I
a 'ff i't
have met during the past year, I want
to extend to them, one and all, my re
gards, my appreciation of their kind
ness and consideration, and extend to
them, one and all, my very best wishes
for their individual well-being in the
years which are to come."
Commenting editorially on the offi
cers* reports, the Journal of Labor, At
lanta, Ga., sums up the whole situa
tion in the following apt words:
"Other officers report as apprecia
tive of the past and as hopeful of the
future, and all go toward showing the
splendid foundation upon which or
ganized labor is builded, arid that to
shake her foundations and fundament
al principles is to shake the universe
from one end to the other.
"Every known vicissitude has come
in the way, every encumbrance which
could be wielded by an enemy has
been thrown around the neck of or
ganized labor within the past year, and
when the enemy seemed to think that
their undertakings had accomplished
their ends toward the disruption of
the ranks of organized labor, she rose
more brilliant than ever before, her
army of workingmen strongeh in unm
ber, -in power and in determination,
without a scar, without a distorted
member, and going on as before, with
even more velocity, toward the goal of
BISBEE PAPER GIVES
THE COURT II ROAST
Inhabitants of Bisbee, Arizona,
Demand the Liberation of
Held in Jail for Months on
Trumped Up Charge of Vio
lating Neutrality Laws.
BISBEE, Ariz., Dec. 3.—The ease of
the three Mexican Liberal leaders,
who have been held in Jail at Los
Angeles for many months on a
trumped up charge of violation of
the neutrality laws, is being closely
followed by the more progressive citi
zens here, and the general opinion is
well expressed by the following edi
torial in the "Bisbee Evening Miner."
"It is strange, indeed, that the press
of the nation has refrained almost
entirely from commenting upon the
recent decisions of the United States
supreme court, refusing to admit to
bail the three Mexicans, Magon, Vil
larreal and Rivera, who are being held
in jail, awaiting extradition to Ari
zona for trial on charges of violating
the neutrality laws. The supreme
court of the United States finds it
easy to declare unconstitutional jlaws
which have been enacted by congress
to control "giant 6orporaitioris, Tut ap
parently it is far more difficult for
this highly respected body of jurists
to grant to private individuals, aliens
though they may be, the ritght of lib
erty and freedom upon which our con
stitution is based.
"Revolutionists have come to our
shores from foreign lands, seeking
refuge from political oppression and
to solicit funds to further their
causes and have -been met with open
arms. They have been wined and
dined and "lioned" until they have al
most been persuaded to remain here
for good. In former days a Polish re
volutionary was taken up by upper
tendom and lionized, and whenever
Russian "patriot" comes to our shores
now he is feted and "Sunday storied"
by the metropolitan press. 'The gov
ernment has winked when filibusters
have outfitted at our seaports, and
blinked when they have stirred up
revolution in some South American re
public or West India island.
"The Mexicans, who have just been
denied their freedom on bail, are not
felons. All are highly educated men
who, if they hailed from Russia or
"Venezuela, would be "patriots" en
gaged in a noble effort to release their
countrymen from bondage. But they
are only from Mexico, which is very
near to home, consequently they are
dangerous men to have in our com
munity and should be kept incom
municado and treated as capital pris
oners. The supreme court erred in
that it did not go far enough in its
decision, for it should have stipulated
that the revolutionists be chained to
their cells and muzzled to prevent their
biting the jailers."
OFFICERS OF AMERICAN
FEDERATION OF LABOR
Chosen at Recent Session of the Fed
eration Held1 at Denver, Colorado.
President, Samuel Gompers.
First Vice-President, James Duncan,
Second VIcel-President, John Mifr~
chell, Spring Valley, 111.
Third Vice-President, Jas. O"Council,
Washington, D. C.
Fourth Vice-President, Max Morris,
Fifth Vice-President, D. A. Hayes,
Sixth Vice-President, Wm. D. Hu
ber, Indianapolis, Ind.
Seventh Vice-President, Joseph Fi
Valentine, Cincinnati, O.
Eighth Vice-President, John R. Al
pine, Boston, Mass.
Fraternal delegates to the British
Trades Congress—John P. Frey. edi
tor of the "Builders' Journal," and
B. A. Larger, of the United aGrment
Workers of America to Canadian
Trades Convention—Jerome Jones, of
the Georgia Federation of Labor and
editor of the "Journal of Labor."
The Executive Council, which Is
made up of the officers, shows no
change except with the, substitution of
John R. Alpine for Daniel J. Keefe,
The only vote against Gompers' re
election was that of Delegate Teske
of Milwaukee, who refused to allow
the choice to be made .unanimous.
"V'5** v?* ^-vf 4 «-fi S-flvl
TWIN CITIES APPROVE
OF GOVERNOR'S CHOICE
Appointment of W. E. McEwen
as Labor Commissioner Hailed
ORGANIZED LABOR IS
HAPPY OVER SELECTION
Appointee Conceded to be Spec
ially Well Equipped for Du
ties of the Office.
The Labor Review of Minneapolis,
the only- publication in Minnesota
owned and controlled by organized la
bor, and one of the ablest edited per
iodicals published in the northwest,
comments editorially upon Governor
Johnson's appointment as foilows:
"The Labor Commissionership."
"Since the governor was convinced
that a change in the office of labor
commissioner was desirable all or
ganized labor in the state hails with
satisfaction the appointment to the
position of our capable and efficient
secretary of the State Federation, Mr.
W. E. McEwen of Duluth, at present
state oil inspector.
"All recognize that Mr. McEwen is
making a sacrifice in renouncing his
present office to assume the more on
erous and exacting duties of the labor
commissionership, particularly when
there is no additional compensation
attached to the latter position, and he
accepts the office solely because he
considers it his duty so to do in the
interest of organized labor in the state,
to which he recognizes he owes much.
Reason for Change
"The failure to re-appoint Mr. Wil
liams, we understand, was solely due
to the desire of the governor to pro
mote harmony between the executive
branoh of the state government and
the heads of departments in order that
through co-operation the greater bene
fit might result. It is a well-known
fact that the relations between Mr.
Williams and the executive depart
ments have been strained for a long
time, but it is not so generally known
that in September, 1907, Governor
Johnson insisted on Mr. McEwen tak
ing the position, but the latter gen
tleman pleaded with the governor to
make no change, and Mr. Williams
was retained at that time solely at
the request of Mr. MteEwen and Presi
dent Hawley of the State Federation.
Harmony In Departments.
"Whatever may be the cause of the
controversy between the iexecutlve
department and Mr. Williams, one fact
remains, that the governor is entitled
to surround himself in heads of de
partments with, those who are in har
monious touch with him, and organ
ized labor, in the failure to appoint
Mr. Williams can And no cause for
complaint, particularly when the gov
ernor places at the head of the labor
department a gentleman so finely
equipped as is Mr. McDwen in ability,
in knowledge of labor's needs and' de
sires, in efficiency and general desir
ability. Organized, labor expects much
from the labor department of the state.
It is the only protective wall we have
against illegal assaults of. the unscrup
ulous among employers. The depart
ment ,to give the results we desire,
must not only be harmoniously con
duct within itself, but must be
in strict and constant accord
not only with the toilers, but
with every other branch of the
state service. Mr. McEwen's appoint
ment, we understand, is made primar
ily with this object in view, and Mr.
Williams retires solely that this de
sirable result can be obtained, the ef
ficiency of both gentlemen not at all
being taken into question, but being
Minneapolis Federated Trades &
Labor Assembly Commends
For the Appointment of W. E.
McEwen as State Labor
(Special to the Labor World.)
MINNEAPOLIS, Dec. 3.—A large
meeting of the Minneapolis Trades and
Labor assembly was held last even
The delgates from all the local
unions of Minneapolis were quite en
thusiastic in giving expression to their
gratification over the appointment of
W. E. McEwen as State Labor Com
The assembly evidenced its approval
by placing upon its minutes a reso
lution highly commending Governor
Johnson upon making an appointment
so eminently satisfactory to organized
labor, not only in Mlinnapolis, but
throughout the state.
PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY.
Duluth citizens owe it to themselves
to bestow their patronage upon good
reliable home merchants and manu
In another column appears the an
nouncement of tailor August Hagberg.
His fabrics are. of the best both for
eign and domestic the work is done
by skilled artisans and his prices are
very reasonable Indeed, when quality
and durability are. considered.
DEVOTED TO THE INDUSTRIAL WELFARE OP THE HEAD OP THE LAKES.
DULUTH AND SUPERIOR, SATURDAY, DEO. 5, 1908.
LABOR BUILDING FOR
CITY OF WASHINGTON
American 'Federation of Labor Will
Erect $8Q,OQO Headquarters
Plans were perfected at the Denver
convention of the American Federation
of Labor for the (erection of a head
quarters building in Washington, D. C.,
to cost upwards of $80,000. The latter
sum has been set aside for the project,
and work will be started soon.
It has been the' ambition of Presi
dent Gompers to see erected in Wash
ington a building ojf such proportions
as to provide ample quarters for the
general offices and afford an auditor
ium and committee rooms which might
accommodate conventions of any labor
organizations which may meet in the
•capital city, but,'with an eye single to
the accommodation of the needs of the
Such a building ivould be a monu
ment to the big labor body and would
in all probability perpetuate the name
of its present leader. Work of con
struction will be under t"he supervision
of the executive council, which will
decide, when actual work shall begin.
President Gompers will attend the
next session of the British Trade union
congress,, to be held, next spring, and
he has been-instructed to Investigate
the workings of'the English law, called
the English trades dispute act, de
signed for the protection of the funds
of the unions. This-he will do with
a view to securing material on which
to base a proposed law to protect the
funds of American unions.
The first annual convention of the
building trades section of the American
Federation of Labor was held in Den
ver last week, eighteen International
unions being represented. Nearly the
whole time of the meetings was taken
up In the consideration of conditions
in New York city, where the contrac
tors have refused to make new con
tracts with the building trades unions
until certain questions of jurisdiction
are cleared away.
Federation of Labor Convention
Considered by Rev. Chas.
Under the shadow of the "injunc
tion contempt" proceedings in Wash
ington, the American Federation of
Labor held its annual meeting in Den
ver, during the .middle of Nov®xp|ber.
It was a great. convention, everyway.
Great in its persojiel, great in the
speeches that were 4hade, greg. In the
mannfer in which its business was
transacted, and great -in the subjects
which were" handled by the nearly
four hundred delegates who attended
the convention. The Federation has
grown in membership and its finan
cial strength. It is constantly devel
oping in importance as a factor in the
industrial democracy for the securing
of whichit is making such splendid
Labor's Moral Ideals.
There was a strong undercurrent of
sentiment which was easily aroused
by the speeches which had ih them an
appeal to the moral and ethical ideals
of labor. The general tendency was
toward a more scientific handling of
labor's affairs, especially in the better
grouping of the crafts. This was mani
fested by the formation of the Build
ing Trades and the Metal Trades de
partments, and in the probable inau
guration of a department for .the
crafts engaged in the railroad indus
tries. Sucsh organizations should
very materially reduce the jurisdic
tional strife which has consumed so
much of the federation's time in for
mer years, and which has been a con
stant source of hindrance in the mak
ing of satisfactory contracts with em
Labor's Political Program.
The political program of the.federa
tion was pretty thoroughly gone into.
Despite the prophecies of the daily
press, Samuel Gompers and the execu
tive council were heartily applauded
for thei refforts in the last campaign.
Indeed, there wasn't a suggestion of
criticism from the convention with re
ference to their action. Mr. Gompers
is more, firmly intrenched than ever in
the hearts and hopes of the federa
tion. It is quite apparent that he
knows labor as no other man does,
not only collectively, but as individ
Compliments the Convention.
The legislation of the convention
looking toward better things for la
bor was put through with enthusiasm.
The keenness of perception and the
grasping of the really big things pre
sented would have done credit to any
kind of an organization. Surely no
association of employers has a broader
vision than had these delegates who
represented the men of labor at their
BOARD OF EDUCATION
MAKES A GOOD MOVE
At a recent meeting of the board of
education of this pity the question of
Increased play grounds for the school
children was considered. A •commit
tee was appointed and authorized to
make an offer for additional property
at1 the Carpenter and Ericson schools.
Another committee was authorlbed to
offer $1,900 for two lots at Hammond.
avenue and Seventh street to be used
as playgrounds in connection with the
Carpenter school. Lots 21 and 22, block
52 are also sought for grounds f6r the
Ericson school, for which the commit
tee will offer $500. vp
Volcanic ash is reported to give
Portland cement greater tensile
strength than mortar alon$.
Dealers in Hides and Leather Ask
That all Revenue Be
INSIST THAT TANNERS
ABE CONFRONTING RUIN
Predict the Present Tariff Will
Destroy Their Business in
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—-Free hides,
free leather and free shoes.
These things seem to be forshad
owed in the coming tariff bill, judg
ing from the proceedings before the
ways and means committee.
The tanners lined up to demand that
the 15 per cent tariff on hides be re
moved, on the ground that it benefit
ted only the meat trust.
"Unless the tanners are, through
free hides, given a wider field in
which to purchase their raw materials,
they will be driven out of business
within three years," was the dire pre
diction made to the committee. When
the tanners Were asked whether, If
they' were given free hiJes, they would
be willing to have leather placed on
the free list they respondd in th af
Then along came the shoe men with
a cry for free hides. They were asked
whether they would consent to free
'shoes if given fre leather and hides.
They really wanted a litle duty on
shoes, but they agreed to free shoes
if given free raw material.
Nobody Wants Tariff.
Chairman Payne declared that he
had aiways been its
of free hides.
Nobody appeared to argu* ror
tariff on hides. It is considered likely,
however, that the ranchmen of the
west will be heard from before the new
tariff bill is framed. The Chicago
packers will also submit arguments in
the course of the winter.
Manufacturers of leather articles,
other than shoes, also asked for free
raw material for which they were will
ing to have their products placed on
the free list.
A lower duty on gloves was asked
for by F. W. Brooks, who appeared for
New York importers. Congressman
Littauer made a vigorous argument In
favor of the present tariff rate on
IS --J.-Baker of Kansas City president
of |he United Brotherhood of Leather
Workers on horse goods .asked that
the duty on harness be increased 45
to 60 per cent.
At last night's session of the com
mittee, applications for tariff changes
were made as follows:
Chas. A. Rogers, manufacturer of
Hartford, Conn., increase in 4uty on
E. J. Dfeitch, manufacturer, New
York, increase in duty on fancy leather
More Duty on Hats.
James R. Marshall, Fall River, Mass.,
representing 75 hat manufacturers,
said an increased duty on men's hats
was demanded because foreigners
threatened to flood this country with
Bryan W. Lathrop of Chicago,
speaking for an Art league, asked for
the removal of duties from all works
of art which have an educational
value, produced more than fifty years
Robert W. DeForest, president of
the Municipal Art association of New
York, said that the United States was
the only civilized nation in the world
that imposed a duty on Objects of art.
For the Inculcation of Union
Principles in Smaller Towns
Special to the Labor World:
Minneapolis, Dec. 3.—'Special atten
tion is to be given by the Brotherhood
of Carpenters and/ Joiners to the smal
ler Minnesota toWns in an effort to re
suscitate a number of unions which
have gone out of business and to re
vive others which have been moving
along at a slow pace for a long time.
Acting under instructions from the
international, John Wahlquist, special
organizer In this district, went to' Man
kato recently, where he will stay at
least one week In an endeavor to put
the local in that city on its feet again.
At one time there was a strong union
of carpenters in Mankato, but interest
has been on the wa-ne of late, with the
result that the membership has fallen
off to such an extent that the inter
national officers are alarmed at the
Mr. Wahlquist will be kept busy
ganizing throughout the winter, if
present plans are carried out, and will
be assigned to other places when he
completes his labors at Mankato.
All of the locals in Minneapolis and
St. Paul went almost, solidly for Mr.
Wahlquist for member of the general
executive' board in the recent election.
Some sections, went )i«iavily against
him, hOwever, .so there is still some
doubt as to the outcome, but it is
thought here that he will pull trpugh
wit a good margin.
One of the surprises of the. contest
was the fact that Denver went strong
ly for Guerin. FraJik Duffy, secretary,
and Thomas Neale, treasurer, have no
opposition, and received practically a
full Vote in Jthe twUji cities.'
GREAT COMMONER HAS
A NOVEL EXPERIENCE
Coat Torn from His Back and Body
Scratched by Enraged Bruin.
GalvestoA, Tex., Dec 3.—W. J. Bryan
is the hero of a bear-hunting expedi
tion in Mexico, in which a wounded
bear, attempted to hug the democratic
leader in a death squeeze.
After several shots ^had 'been placed
in the bear and he tumbled to the
ground as if dead, Mr. Bryan ran up to
measure the animal, which suddenly
grabbed at him. With a quick jerk
Mr. Bryan escaped, with a few
scratches on his body, as the hunting
coat was torn from his back by the
claws of the enraged beast.
His companions rushed to Mr. Bry
an's rescue and quickly despatched the
bear before he could do further dam
For two days the party of eight
hunters, headed by J. A. Robinson,
have been killing big game in the
mountains of Chihuhua, and one report
credits Mr. Bryan with several deer, a
mountain lion and three bears, only
four bears having been sighted so far.
Mr. Bryan, so General Reyes- says, did
not appreciate his danger, and discred
its auy heroic act of cleverness. He
says the bear was severely hurt and
was harmless when he reached him.
The animal weight about 500 pounds.
The skin w}ll be .preserved. The other
members of the expedition were cau
tion by Mr. Bryan to keep the escap
ade quiet, as he did not wish to be
held up as a nature fakir.
IITMiL 6RANGE IS
FQI THE REFERE
Effectiveness of Direct Legisla
tion Approved by National
Declares its Earnest Sympathy
for the Referendum
WASHINGTON, C., Dec. 4.—The
National Grange at its nesting this
year at Washington, D. C., aOw»ted
the following resolution concerning the
Initiative and Referundum:
"Whereas, The effectiveness of di
rect Iglslatlon through the initiative
and referendum is overthrowing ma
chine Influence and its value in main
taining the truly representative char
acter of our form of government has
been demonstrated wherever it has
"Whereas, This system is becoming
a part- of the fundamental l»jr of an
increasing n»rntoer jf ^ommoHWealt.hs
through state constitutional amend
"Whereas, One of the great corpora
tions of the United States is seeking
through the United States supreme
court to completely destroy this safe
guard of the liberties of the people
"Whereas, the State Grange of Ore
gon Is leading in the fight to maintain
in the courts the right of self-govern
ment for the people of this nation
therefore, be It
"Resolved, That the National Grange
in forty-second annual session assem
bled hereby declares Its earnest sym
pathy with the people of Oregon and
of other states which have this sys
tem in their state constitutions in
their struggle for its preservation and
gives it our moral support."
Ths was unanmously adopted.
System in Mississippi.
The Mississippi legislature has au
thorized the use of the popular initia
tive for the establishment of a modi
fied form of the Des Moines plan of
municipal government. The system
provides that all franchise-ordinances
must be submitted to a referendum
vote, and that the five public officials
who compose the city council can au
thoritatively call for the resignation
of any one of their number. Ten per
cent of the voters are authorized to
propose the system to their fell6w
citizens. The secretary of state Is to
issue the charter, Signed by the gov
SEAMEN DETERMIN TO
MOVE CONTRACT FREEDOM
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 3.—The most
important subject considered by tjie
Seam^ns' Union of America in annual
convention was a petition addressed
to the rulers of-the world, asking for
freedom for the sailors in reference to
A resolution was adopted demand
ing the following changes In the mari
Abolish all imprisonment for leav
ing a vessel in any safe harbor.
Abolish all imprisonment for refus
ing to obey commands wh}le lying in
safe haitoors, substituting therefor the'
payment of such money as has been
paid to any one who has been engaged
to do the work refused.
Abolish all continuous discharge cer
tificates which are kept by the mas
Abolish all payment of advance
wages e|ther directly or indijrectly.
Abolish all allotment' of wages, ex
cept to neay and dependnt relatives.
Adoption of a standard of efficiency
for sailors, providing for at least three
years' service at sea on deck.
Adoption of a standard of efficiency
for firemen, providing for at least six
months' service as trimmer.
Manning scale under which 75 per
cent of the deck cr6w ,exclusive of of
ficers must be able seajnen and under
stand enough of the language of the
officers to obey their commands.
GOLD FOR PAItXS.
NJJW YORK, Dec. 2.—L&xard Fretes
today, announced ai\ engagement of
13,000,000 'gold for .shipment, to Jteris.
Mfjt, wy. \t
A YEAR. IN ADVANCB.
Designated as Special Organized
fflfr Minnesota and the Two
WILL CONDUCT VIGOROUS
CAMPAIGN FOR UNIONISM
New Unions Will Be Organized
and Existing Ones Re
Ever since the Norfolk convention^
of the American Federation of Labor,
Minnesota has been receiving financial
aid from the federation, and organiz-^
ers have been assigned to work in thpt
.Last year, George B. Howley, presi~
dent of the State Federation of Labor,
was appointed special representative
of the A. F. of. L. for this section .and
spent much time arid money in carry
ing out plans of the officers of that
Mr. Howley spent several months in
Duluth and other places In the north*
west, aiding unions which were involvjr
ed in labor difficulties, in the organi
zation of new unions, and in the work
of building up weak organizations.
A goodly share of the expense of:
doing this work was borne by the A.*
F. of treasury, and the balance
came from the strong box of the state
federation, which shared in the bene
fits accruing from the efforts of the
President Gompers has reappointed
Mr. Howley as special organized for
this district, and he expects to take up
his work immediately after the first
of the year.
He will go first to North Dakota, if
present plans are not changed, where
he will cover all of the .largest cities
and towns, and will organize local
unions wherever possible, and in all
the larger places central bodies wlU
iLater, It is the intention to organ
ize state federation of' labor, and
Mr. Howley expectfe to have the state
of North Dakota so well or
ganized by next apring that a stata
body may be formed then. j.
After qompletlng his laAors in Noi'Vfc:
Dakota, Mr. Howley assikiftH
to South Dakota, Wh$re it is propose*
to follow tftuch th» same plan as that A
mapped out above.
Mlnn w^ ^ate ^deration business
c^amt of n«g|eqif OT Vnfratssenee of Mr.
Howley tipti the state.
Special organizers will be appointM
from time to time to carry on state
work, and both the president and Sec
retary McEwen will be in a position to
devote considerable time to the busi
ness of their own
While attending the Denver con
vention of the A. F. of L., Mr. Howley
was honored by being chosen presi
dent of a new organization composed
of officers and representatives of state
federations and central labor bodies^
which was formed for the purpose of
better looking after the interests of
these organizations. The new body
has been made permanent and those
interested expect to see it become a
power for good in international labor
Fleckenstein People Fail to Coi£
vince Jersey Judge That
Strikers are Criminals.
JERSEY CITY, N. J., Dec. 3.—An
other legal victory for the striking
butchers employed by FleckenstelA
Bros. & Co., of 328 Central avenue, wa& 1
.recorded Friday when Judge Farmaiiy
of the Second Police court, rendered A.
decision of not guilty in the case of
Christian Hambach, one of. the strlk-v'
ing members of Butchers' Union N
190, who was charged with conspiring^*
to injure the Fleckenstein people's bus-^,
lness by the distribution of boycott^
Hambach was arrested Tuesday by
a "couple of cops, anxious to show their*
friendship for the Fleckenstein com-,
pany, and charged with handing out1
the boycott circulars on the street*,
Lawyer Harry Carless, representing^
Hambach, -had no trouble in convinc-^
ing the judge that the circulars hadS
not been distributed on- the street, •but^
in the houses, and that the one which?]
the police produced as "^idence" ha4^.
been taken by them from a hallway.'
It was also shown that the. content
of the circular was not at aU
and despite the desperate efforts in*&
by Bo*s Uiederllts and Xawjrer
ser, of the Fleckenstein people, Ji
Farman decided that there were
grounds upon which tQ, hold
That the firm is becoming copv:
that the strikers qre sure to
unionise the Fleckenstein place lp
dilated by the fact that immeclia'
after yesterday's trial President K&3
nedy, of butchers' union No. 164
New York, was called iip on
phone and' asked to- stop the distriburj
tlon of the boycott circulars,r
company would hold a gontere&cQ,
the men today. -'r
Mr. Kennedy, who is one of the Jofni
executive board, refused to take
such action, saying that -when
strike was settled the men would
advising, their friends not to pai
the. Fleckenstein people, and- no sQpttl