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PROM OUR EXCHANGES.
of the Largest Labor Union
in the World.
In a recent interview Thomas L.
Lewfs, who succeeded John Mitchell
as president of the United Mine work
ers,, declares that in 10 years the mem
bership will be 1,0000,000. Mr. Lewis
became a breaker boy when 6 years of
ago.- By chance it happened that the
boss "took to him" and his earning
were, larger than the rest. In those
flays the boss in charge of the break
ers used the cat-o'-nine-tails on the
children as it suited him. to stimulate
the output. Asked what person had
the most influence on his life Mr.
Lewis replied, earnestly: "My mother.
She was a Christian woman and is
still ivling. My father died when I
was 16 from the effects of foul air and
wet places in the mines."
Mr. Lewis' struggle for an educa
tion in his youth was like that of
many others of the underworld. He
read law, but finally drifted back to
Winter is here to
stay. Protect your
health by getting in
to one of cur Fur
orPiush lined Over
Dur mg our
We areselling these
coats at big reduct
ions and you can
save more than one
third by buying now.
We have too many
on hand is the reason
we make this liberal
reduction just at the
beginning of winter.
Come today for
yours while we have
«^, A* Willif
Night Phones, New 2299-A
I Night Phones Old 728-L
WARM FELT SHOES
Prices Range $1.50 to $2.00
A new stock of Warm Felt Shoes in all felt—
or felt with kid toxing (leather around the sides
next the sole). Some have light soles. Some
have toes tipped with leather.
They're the best models in tlio best makes—
and are mighty good values at $1.50 and $2.
The Popular Three-Buqkle Style.
$1.35 $1.50 $2.00
For For For
Children's Misses' Women
and in One-Buckle Style We "Offer
Sizes at. .jk WW Sizes a!,. .. .^ I
the mines, where ,as he said: "Young
as I was I thought I might be of some
service to me nof my trade, whose
wrongs, which I witnessed, can never
be effaced from my memory."
New Phase of the Question.
"The lower grades of humanity drive
the higher out of the labor market as
certainly and effectively as clipped
and light coins drive good money out
of circulation. Every holder of light
coin desires to get rid of it by forc
ing it into circulation, but for hoard
ing or melting the best are always
selected. A different principle or line
of policy\operates in forcing the su
perior races out of the labor market.
Their better mental capacity enables
them to bargain more successfully in
arranging wages or hours and condi
tions of work. The employer prefers
workers more innocent and docile. The
better taste cultivated by superior
races multiplies their needs and in
creases their, cost of living, thus
prompting demands for a larger share
of the wealth their labor produces.
This is regarded with disfavor by em
ployers. In facti the inferior races are
willing to give more work for the em
ployer's money, so the others are
crowded out."—Toronto Globe.
The Union a National Benefactor.
There is a very close relationship
between the workingman's job and the
workingman's home. Water rises to
its level and will rise no higher. The
workingman's home never rises any
higher than his job. If he has a cheap
job, his home is of necessity corres
pondingly cheap. If he has a poorly
protected job, his home is of necessity
poorly protected too. If the home is
the nursery of the nation, then the na
tion's fortune depends on the quality
of the homes of the masses of the peo
ple. The union by increasing the
value of the jobs of the working peo
ple and insuring them protection is
a national benefactor that deserves to
be encouraged.—Los Angeles Citizen.
Worrying About the Future.
A rich .man in Cincinnati ordered
his coffin in advance years ago. Paid
$500 for it. When he died last week
he had grown too big to go in it.
Lots of men and women order their
coffins in advance. They worry and
weaken their wills by worry over dis
asters that never come, difficulties
they never meet and rivers of trouble
they never have to cross. Many lives
have been and are made miserable,
hopeless and profitless because people
refuse to move or marry' or take a
place or enter a business for fear of
•contingencies and risks that never
came and duties and obligations that
were mere shams. Every home is
cluttered with things that are kept
waiting for use on this chance or that,
and then never used—coffins, all, that
have been ordered in advance. These
thnigs are dsuted and moevd and kept
from the moths ,and packed and re
packed, and in the end all is waste,
worry an empty effort.—Philadelphia
Socialism and Anarchism.
The conflict between Socialism and
anarchism is susceptible of no truce.
The history of the Socialist movement
is in large part the history of a strug
gle with anarchism. The result is
seen today in the fact that wherever
Socialism is strong ,as in Germany,
for example, anarchism is a negligible
force, and wherever, as in Spain, So
cialism is weak, anarchism .prevails.
Socialism is not only the greatest
force in the world opposed to anarch
ism, it is the only remedy for the
conditions which make anarchists.
To sweep away the hideous anomaly
of extreme misery side by side with
wanton extravagance and colossal
wealth is the only effectual means of
staying the perilous tide of anarchism.
Neither repressive measures nor tink
ering with the immigration laws will
accomplish that end, which is part of
the purpose and mission of Socialism.
—John Spargo in "The Socialists."
Far From Infallible.
Some people still hold to the belief
that our modern courts, like the
Lord's anointed kings of old, "can do
no wrong." However ,an exception
may be taken to this belief after a
recent act of Judge Toulmin, of the
United States district Court at Mo
bile, Ala., who handed down a deci
sion legalizing the issuing of brass
checks in place of money by the lum
ber companies of that state, and the
use of these checks to pay their em
ployes. These checks can only be used
at company stores ,and everybody
knows that means robbing the em
ploye.—The Typographical Journal.
Now Pitch In.
It is incumbent upon the organized
men of labor to continue with greater
enthusiasm than ever before ,the duty
of organizing the yet unorganized
workers to go among them and, both
by precept and practice,' bring home
to the mthe great truth that in the or
ganized labor movement of our coun
try we aim to make universal-the goa-
I?1 of justice, human liberty and hu
man brotherhood.—Builditig Traces.
Whsre, Oh Wh«r»!
Duluth people are asking themselves
where the new steel plant, promised
them by the steel trust, has been lo
cated. They have looked everywhere
but can't find any trace of it. It
takes the state legislature and a ton
nage tax. bill to scare the steel trust
I into talking about the new steel plant.
!—North Branch Review.
A Pertinent Inquiry.
Are non-union made goods cheap
even if they sell a few cents lower
than those manufactured under fair
conditions when they are produced at
the cost of
Liack of all physical comforts,
Excessive hours of labor,
Health of workers.
Desertion of schools.
Sacrifice of American independence?
—St. Joseph. Union.
NEW WAY TO MANAGE
BOY AND GIRL TRUANTS
DES MOINES, Iowa, Dec. 3.—Hyp
notism as a cure for bad boys and girls
has been officially recognized by pro
bation officers C. M. Young and Ida
McFarland in the Des Moines juvenile
courts. Professor Edgar Adams, a hyp
notist of repute, ha^, been, placed in
charge of ahalf dozen incorrigibles,
and if he suceeds in effecting their
reform "by hypnotic arts, as he says
he can, he will *be given other young
sters to cure.
Adams began his work upon Frank
Burnes, who has given the probation
officer a great deal of trouble.
Young Burnes went to sleep quietly
enough and the professor "turned his
mind around," as he characterized it.
'He gave the youngster orders to go to
school, mind his parents and otherwise
cpnduct hirrtsel fin a more seemly man
ner, then woke him up.
The following day young Barnes
started to school, spending half a day
there before playing hookey.
This is the best showing he has made
in months and the juvenile officers are
GOVERNOR JOHNSON AT
WORK ON HIS MESSAGE
ST. PAUL, Dec. 2.—Governor Johnson
is busy preparing his message to the
legislature he says that the message
will deal largely with state resources
and in pai-ticuiar with the proposed es
tablishment of a bureau of mines, pub
lic lands and forestry. The affairs of
the public lands, mines and forestry
are now a sort of a side issue of the
state auditor's department and he pro
poses that the state auditor's depart
ment shall be separated from that work
and remain an accounting deparement
as originally intended by the state
LAST OF THE SELKIRK
SETTLERS DIES IN TORONTO
WINNIPEG, Man., Dec. 2.—Word was
received from Toronto today of the
death of the last of the Selkirk set
tlers in the1 person of John MacKay
at t'he age of 94. He was bom at Kil-1
donan, Scotland. The movement of the
Highland Scotch settlers takes its name
from Lord Selkirk, 'the founder, whose
plan was to found a settlement of
Highland Scotchmen on the plains over
which the Hudson Bay company ruled
north of Winnipeg. In the passenger
list of the ship Hadlow which arrived
in 1815 appear the names of Donald
MacKay, his wife, Catherine Bruce
and their infant son, John MacKay,
who died today.
COMPANY FINED $10,000
FOR ACCEPTING REBATES
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., Dec. 2.—
Judge Knappen in the United States
district court today fined the Stearns
Salt & Lumber company of Ludington
$10,000 for accepting rebates from the
Pere Marquette on shipments from
Ludington to Toledo. The Stearns com
pany yesterday pleaded guilty of re
bating on six counts after having
withdrawn a previous plea erf guilty on
BRITISH OFFICERS LEARN
OF PROPOSED UPRISING
VANCOUVER, B. C., Dec. 2.—The
World says British officers working
among the Sikhs and Hindus of the
Pacific coast unearthed the details of
a proposed uprising against Buitish
rule in Indiia. The story is to the
effect that outrages are now taking
place at widely separated points in
India for the purpose of scattering the
British troops. The main uprising will
take place in April next at Amritzair:
Stocks of arms of modern type, re
cently manufactured in Japan and
smuggled into India, are hidden in
various districts. The only lack is in
BOLD JEWELRY ROBBERY
IN CROWDED STREET
PITTSBURG, Dec. 2.—While the prin
cipal business street of the north side
(formerly Alleghany), near ttte Penn
sylvania railroad station, was crowded
with people hurrying to or from su
burban trains tonight, a robber fas
tened the outside door of Theodore
Frey's jewelry store, imprisoning the
proprietor and his clerks and then
smashed the big plate glass show win
dow, secured two trays of diamonds
and jewelry valued at $12,000 and ran*
away with them. A plucky boy fol
lowed the thief and kept him in view
until officers and others overtook and
captured him. Some of the jewels were
evidently lost during the chase, but
most of theVn were recovered.
AMERICAN GIRL SUES
PRINCE FOR DIVORCE
PARIS, Dec. 2.—The Princess de
Broglie, who was Miss Gstelle Alex
ander of San Francisco, and later mar
ried S. B. Veit of Chicago, has begun
divorce, proceedings against her hus
band on the grounds of desertion. She
is singing in Paris restaurants to earn
a livelihood for herself and children
and every night she makes a round of
the better known cafes.
ASHLAND MAN PARDONED.
'MADISON, Wis., Dec. 2.—Because he
is suffering with tuberculosis, Governor
Davidson has granted a pardon to
Charles Lldenberg of Ashland.-He was
sentenced to jail for six months for
assault and 'battery on Aug. 25 last
T. r. Cole,
C. A. Duncan,
W. C. A Knew,
THE LABOR WORLD
PRESIDENT LYNX® TQ
Intended for The»«„WHo Support Fair
Wages, Fair Hours and Fair
•Thf following communication from
President James M. Lynch of the In
ternational Typographical Union is
self-explanatory, and coming from
such a progressive, wide awake ex
ecutive leader as President Lynch, it
needs no words of commendation from
Indianapolis, Ind., Nov.- 25, 1908.
Editor Labor World, Duluth, Minn.
Dear- Sir: Enclosed herewith find
pamphlet containing list of magazines
and periodicals of general circulation,
published under union and non-union
condition, for the guidance of friends
and supporters of "fair wages, fair
hours and fair conditions," and issued
by the International Typographical
"We will' be pleased to send a copy of
this pamphlet to any trade unionist or
citizen who is a suppdrter of "fair
wages, fair hours and fair conditions."
The pamphlet contains a list of union
Books and cer
if at is
and Interest paid
on deposits of
One Dollar and
and non-union publications,
BANK STATESMENTS. BANK STATEMENTS.
STATEMENT OF THE CONDITION OF THE
American Exchange Bank
OF DULUTH, MINN.
At the Close of Business Friday Evening,
November 27th, 1908.
Loans and Discounts .... ... $3,889,915.70
Demand Loans .. 2,310,000.00
Real Estate 12,108.10
Cash on Hand.... 617,507.31
Due from Banks 1,694,822.44
HAMILTON M. PEYTON,
CHESTER A, CONG DON,
Capital Stock Paid in $ 500,000.00
Surplus and Undivided Profits........ 891,912.03
Deposits ... 7,145,305.63
WILLIAM G. HGGARDT.
ISAAC S. MOORE,
COLIN THOMPSON. Second Asst. Cashier.
G. A. Tomlinson.
Chester A. Cobf don,
S. G. Knox,
-H. M. Peyton,
Report of the Condition of the
Duluth Savings Bank
220 West Superior Street.
At the Close of Business, November 27th, 1908.
Loans and Discounts
Furniture and Fixtures
Cash on Hand and in Banks.......
for the supporter of "fair wages, fair
hours and fair conditions" to make his
choice' from the classification in such
manner as in his judgment will best
represent his principles.
I will appreciate space in your pub
lication for this communication. Those
desiring a copy of- the' pamphlet in
question will please address me at 635
639 NewtonjClaypool' Building, In
With assurances of gratitude for
courtesies extended ,1 am
JAMBS M. LYNCH.
MURDER CHARGE AGAINST
DOUGLAS IS WITHDRAWN
WINNIPEG, Dec. 2.—The attempted
murder charge against Lord Sholto
Douglas of Creston, B. C., which was to
have come before the grand jury at
Nelson, B. C., ha* been withdrawn by
the crown. The evidence on further in
vestigation by the attorney general, it
i3 said, shows there were mitigating
circumstances, and that Mowbray,
whom he shot, was really to blame. It
is also believed that the gun was ac
cidentally discharged by Lord Douglas
A. H. jCrassWeller.
William G. Hegardt.
Total ............ ....... ...$635,606.59-
Capital Stock (Paid In) .$100,000.00
Surplus Fund 17,500.00
Undivided Profits (Net)...... 10,445.14
Total ... ...... .$635,606.59
A GENERAL BAMUNG BUSINESS TRANSACTED
Under the Management of. the following well known
Officers and Trustees
J. L. WASHBURN. President.
JOHN G. WILLIAMS, vice President.
J. W. LYD13R. JR., Cashier.
Ask to see our
Large and srhall
deposit boxes for
rent. Prices $3 a
year and up
JOSEPH E. HORAK, Assistant Cashier.
DR. J. J. 15KLUND. JtHES H. PR KfP
FRANCIS W. SULLIVAN. LOUIS *S. LOEB.
JOHN R. MITCHELL.
3% INTEREST 3%
Paid on Savings Accounts and Time Deposits.
YOUR ACCOUNT INVITED
07 ELECTION EXPENSE*
The majority of- tfie candidates for
office in the recent •election have filed
their. campaign expense accounts with
the county auditor. Each candidate fg
allowed $250 fo rthe first 5,000 votes
cast at the previous election and $2
per hundred votes over them.
According to Clarence B. Miller's
statement it cost $1,928.35 for him to
be elected to congress. Of^this amount
Ai H. ComVtock,
A. M. ChiaholM,
BANK STATESMENTS. BANK STATEMENTS.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
of Duluth, Minnesota
At Close of Business, November 27th, 1908.
U. S. Bonds at par.. ...... ... 650,000.00
Due from U. S. Treasurer..... .T.....25,000.00
Bank Building 175,000.00
Adjoining Property .....,.
Due from Banks ....... .$2,390,947.21
Cash on Hand 836,787.31 3,227,734.52
Capital Stock Paid in............ .$ 500,000.00
Surplus Fund 1^000,000.00
Undivided Profits 331,168.36
National Bank Notes Outstanding ...... 440,200.00
Reserved for Taxes. 24,890.96
A. L. ORDEAN, DAVID WILLIAMS,
President. Vice President.
J. H. DIGHT, Cashier.
W. J. JOHNSON, W W. WELLS,
Ass't. Cashier. Ass't. Cashier.
A. M. MARSHALL Pres't. Marshall-Weils Hardware Cw»
A. D. THOMSON. .Grain Dealer
L. MENDENHALL Investments
A. B. WOLVIN Vessel Owner
R. M. WEYERHAEUSER Lumber, Clojaet, Minn.
A. L. QRDEAIV .President
JOHN H. BARKER.
Prest. Haskell' Barker Car Co., Michigan City, Ind.
A. C. JONES Northwestern Fuel Co.
F. A. PATRICK ...Prest. F. A. Patrick Co.
LOUIS W. HILL *.
re id re a N or a a S a
W. F. FITCH Pres't. D., S. S. A A. Railway, Marquette
DAVID WILLIAMS Vice President
From Report M«de to Comptroller of the Currency, ai the
Close of Business, November 27th, 1008.
Loans and Discounts.....
$1,$14 waul: furnish*! by the committee*:,
the rest was from Mr. (Miller's packet.
The following la a list of the ex
penses of the successful candidates
If.'C. Palmer, $390.89 W. J. Bates,
$425 G. W. Buck, $188.72 C.A.Cong
don, $249.16 W. A Holgate, $245
Alex Eraser, $47.60 S. W. Gilpin,
$121.80 J. W. Cumming, $249 J. P.
Johnson, $284 Lionel Ayes, $35 R. P.
Grant, $149.50 Joseph Austin, $117.94
Anton Borgen, $119.55 J. B. Middle
coff, $389.35 John Norton, $333.
Overdrafts ............ ... 2,538.22
United States Bonds.................. 345,000.00
Furniture and Fixtures................ 38,565.10
Due from Banks ...,.. .. $856,629.15
Cosh on Hand .. .... 247,448.17
Due from U. S. Treasurer... 13,750.00 l,117,827.3i2
Capital Stock $ 500,000.00
Surplus ......... ....... 100,000.00
Undivided Profits 66,332.67
National Bank Notes ... 273,100.00
United States Goveroment Depositary.
Joseph Sellwood, President.
A. H. Comstock, Vice President.
W, I. Priace, Cashier.
H. S. Micgiegor, Asst. Cashitr.
John F, Killorln,
William I. Prtnee,
Michael H. Kelley,
Richard M. Sellwooi,^
H. J. MmUNC