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T IUS4 ] ',Tile LOVE OF COUNIThY 18 ThlE LOVEI OF D "'
Volume-1540] . ALFXADRLIA, La., WEDNESDAY, JUY20 89. 'i "~
td a d-riv-tivs fr~ theJ~· Cm
Voum 15.] . ,EtC (i -r ·--·1.
mnmmm~~~~~i unmnm •nnam nnmmmnumnm
raft¢innal fat n
ERCER CANFIELD, ATToaNY, AND CoUEsZL
Soa AT LAW, AND NoTARY Puntic, will practice
his profession th this and the adjoning, Pa
01e Office dn second street, opposite Court
ard Sqare, ore door below McCloskey's store.
Office at Alexandria, La. apl8 1
ORSOtII. w. sreR A O
. 0 . . ..................
Oraborn & Shropshire, n
Atteoneys and Counsellors at Law, 01
W LL practice their profession in this and the fe
aYdjoining Parishes. aTi
Office in Alexandria, next Door to the Post
0l5ce. ml-1Y. 1si
LAW PARTNERSHIP. ,
W,.. B. LIS. Jso. C. .LWIS. nDWARD T. LYWIS. U
.I1BE PARTNERSHIP heretofore existing b·e
I tween Messrs. W. B. & J. C. Lewis, is this day
dissolved, and a new ode substituted therefor be- T
tween Messrs. W. B., J. C. & E. T. Lewis, who c
will paInice their profession in the parishes of Ra-. t
pideµ, Avoyelles, Natchitoches and Catahoula.
Oad of them will always be found at their office in 0
Alexandsla. Feb 28 '69-1y7
. . LOSE It
AlttoUey and Cousellor at Law;
I[TILL practice his profession in this
-W and adjoining parishes. a
Office ad door below the Alexandria House.
jual2-ly ALEXANDRIA, LA. c
W. . I.HYMA. A CAZAT
iYMAN & CAZAIBAT,
Attorneys and Caunsellers at Law,
dee30--y Alexandria, La.
sDOAn1 . T0OoRllII. AMIs GORAHAM
VOORHIES & GRAHAM,
A TTORNAEYS AT lA W.
[IL:, practice in the Thirteenth and adjoining
Districts. Offices in Alexandria and 1arks.
ville, La. [aug 10-1y
- Law iVolice.
J. H. & THOMAS OVEI'RTON.,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law.
IISVIA G js.,ociated themselves in the practice of
tbheir prof'.sabln, will attend regularly the Dis
trict Con.ts of the Parishes of St. Landry, Cal.
.,.4iCt, R:i i. S tI,]' Avovelles, and the annual see.
dloas of the ý-Irnoe Court at Alexandria and
aleto..... ...... Ofief at Opelousas, La. Ap2'
Office a the Court House, Alexandria, La.
harch 30, 1l58 -ly
RIOBT. B. LOTT,. E
TUST'ICAE OF THE PEA CE,
Office on Third Strcct near the Methodiat Church,
sad immediately in the rear of the Rapides Houie.
0EO. S. D. ANDERSON, M. D.
A Lxx.t Nl alA, LA.
g Oll0;e one door south of the American Of
1e, in the room l;ttely occupied by Dr. Lamm.
August 17 1858-1y.
flArfl ADVANCED on Cotton, or will purchase
St the New Orleans quotations, one cent per
U pound off. S, . IW. ENARlE.
uND.-I HAVE'a Gold Watch and Chain,
found at A. McNutt's, which the owner can
have by applying to
mayll-tf, E. JOHNSON.
F. G. R&NDOI PH & CO.,
No. 60 CoxvoN STREET,
1eel5, 1858-1y Nee Orleans.
Tm11 undersigned hasjttst received a select
assortment of first class Jewelry which
he will Sell at New Orleans prices.
ALSO, slot ot ine French and Swiss Clocks
isedthly and weekly, which for beauty of finish and
Bcurateness of performance are unrivalled.
SOes-t JOSEPH McEVOY.
or AteFRW5",a ' rop of Ibis Ye~tr. :
JUST RECEIVED-Button or Onion Toys, and a
general assortment, at
ST. JOHN & GROVES.
RE subscriber would respectfully
inform his friends and the pibic generally, that
he can be found at the "OLD STAND."
His table will always be Supplied with the best
le markis affords. 1i*
Attached to the Ifotel is a
7" STABLE ..
ept by himself, where Horses and Bug. *
can he proored at all times. Also,/
eoses left to his care will e well attended to.
Aleandrla, January 26 859-ly
ACRACES of Bottom Land for sale. Apply
to Dr. G 8. D. ANDERSON.
+ Ableandria, 'ay 18, 1859-tf
OHAS. H. MYERS & BRO.
IRANDIES, WINES, &c.
No. 1 Exclange Place,
Ith 16-ly BALTIMORE.
Netire to Cretdiger aind DebiorD.
SrBtWOR8 of the Estate of W. I. Adams will
*o*e forward and make immediate payment.
C 114tors will deposit their claims made out in
pesf m, ete~ with myself or my Attorney,
esrs CuJawnt. B. McFEgLYT,
l. K ay Slq -3. .a adnoletes
Scyvthes and Cradles
R ale by
June 8, 1869. 8. W. RENARlE.
.tLL-A large lot of I from the smalest to
X '- : est juejst received aat for sale at e
U ducd prices, by je29 C. W. Hssans.
~I RUBBER BANSI free 8 to 4 inchier
I , th, Is#. . Bmni
mON HOOPS AND TIES
FOA COTTON BALES. .
Priceu 6 cents per pownd-25 per cent, less than
INNY one considering the advaPtAges of Iron
over Rope as a material forbinding cotton bales
will be surprised that it has not; been adopted
g since. In its security against 6fire there is an
o erwhelming reason for its adoption.
The Presses in the Seaport Cities have been the
main causeof its not being generally adopted; but,
now that objection is removed generally, and the
Orleans Press, the largest in N. 0., give it the pre
ference over rope. The Fassmann Iron Hoop and i
Tie Is the improvement of one of the proprietors,.
and is adopted from the fact, that it is found after
long eiperiment, to combine the greatest merits in
simplicity and facility of application of any one
yet made. It is so preparedasto rejuire no change Pi
for -edompressing. Thus obviating, the only re- Pi
maining difficulty at the sea board cities. in
The hoops are sent of any length from eight to
ten feet and a full guarantee given thatneither the
. Ties nor Hoops shall break. And further, that all
cotton bound in them shallbe received on the same
. terms, at the Orleans Press as rope bound cotton.
The weight per bale is about the same as Rope,
ot one pound more or less.
To ashow the opinion Ship Masters have of it, we
give the following, among numerous commends
tions we have: :
I The undersigned masters of vessels having had ai
cotton compressed with Fassmann's new Iron Hoops
ad Ties, hereby recommend the same. The bales G
being well compressed, and the buttons or hoops
never break when thrown down in the Ship's bold
or when stowed:
L. L. Condey, Capt. Ship. Ipses Davclport,
T A. Robinson, " " Madras,
James Tomas, " " Henry, I
A. Talbot, " " Hareaseeket,
IJohn Dean, " " Janmes Flint, a
"John C. Wilner, " " Mulhouse,
H. Koppenholdt, " " Ella A Clark, g
L. P. Merill, . " Bark, Kimball. s
The price of Hoops and Ties at N. 0., is 6 cents
per pound, and all orders will receive prompt at
tention. Liberal deductions made to merchant's
g for city acceptande. F. BELCHER, AORaT.
may4-dm. 12ICommercial Place.
- p-Summer Travel
Comfort, Safety and Pieaagre!
- TRA VELERS FOR THE EAST, NORTHI
f AND WEST, TAKi TiHE MEJIPIIS. a
e- -4-ND NEW ORL'vANS-- c
1- " . S.
" M AIL L
CAPITOL............ J. D. tCLARE, ,aster.
' J. 81MJONDS.........J. F. SMurn, " t
. INGOAfAR.............. B. PARIs, "
Leaving New Orleans every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday at 5 P. M., viz: The CAPITOL, every
Monday, passing Red River early on Tuesdays, and
one of the other boats every Wednesday and Fri
day, passing Red River on Thursdays and Satur
days; so well and favorably known to the Travel
ing Public, as possessing all those qualities which
rendqe traveling agreeable, and make the traveler
feel at home and at ease io Memphis, thence foer
New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washingtw,
Richmond, Lynchburg, 'Petersburg, 'irginim'
Springs, Atlanta, Na .lhille, dce., ,t'e., by
e And Connecting Brilways.
!r The Express Trains of which leave Memphis every
day at 8 P. M., making CLOSE AND CERTAIN
CONNECTIONS through the entire Route, and
n, passing over a region of country tamed for its
&n Magnificent Scenery! Its unprecedented Healthi
sets! Its delightful Summer Resorts I Its cele
brated Springs and Fashionable Watering Places I
Affording to the Pleasure Tourist -to the man of
Business, and to familes seekingiRecreation and
Health during the Summer, ArVAerrTAGES SUPRRJOr
TO ANY"vtHER ROUTE! "'From and after JUNE,
there will be Two Trains Daily.
Passengers for St. Louis, Louisville, and other
points up the River, connect at Memphis with Fine
Packets or Rilroads, at their option.
f* Tickets Good for any length of time! Al
lowing the holder to stop at any pont from Mem
pkis, ons, at his pleasure, Baggage checked through
Passing through Shlave Territory, the Railroads
from Memphis offer the advantage of no annoyance,
or risk in the Conveyanceof Servsnts. The Roads
ad are First Class, with Heavy T Rail Tracks, wide
guage, and comfortable Cars.
g'For through Tickets and correct informa
tion, apply to J. H. FRELIGH,
General Agent, Memphis Packet Office,
Under St. Charles Hotel-left wing.
Is Wx. INSLEE, Passenger.Agent.
May 11, 1859.-6t Nw OaRLLYxs.
Bell Cheney Springs.
JIIIS delightiul watering place', situated in the
SParish of St. Landry, in a beautifulrollingPiney
Woods, distant about a6 miles from Opetlousas,
will be opened on the 15th of June next
for the reception of visitors.
Th'ese Sprnngs are favorably known among the
reople of Western Louisiana as mineral waters of
iat great efficiency in Chronic Diseases of various kinds
-their medicinal virtues having been fully tested
Oat by innumerable eures they have performed.
The services ofatezeellent Cook, a good Steward
and polite and attehtive Servants have been secured,
and a fine Band of Music engaged for the se~ason.
Two lines of Omnibusscs will &mnnect with the
Opeloustas boats on and after the 16th of June, to
take passengers to the Springs.
Persons visiting toe above estabblishment nmaiy
have theiletteis and&apers sent'to them to "Ba
you bhicot, P. 0." an we will seid for them.
ply Board and lodging per month.... $85 00
" " " wee)..... 10 00
" " " day..... 0
- Children and Servants, half p ee.
PATIN & IELAlOU8SSAYE,
June 14-m Pnopa[roRs.
LlFROY C. MORRIS,
C. (Pri vate Secretary to the Governor.)
General Collacti-.p Agent.
S BATON ROUGE, .,
ESPRCPTFULLY offers his setices in the above
~c~ apcity. All oders entruEted to him fsi the
nill collection of claims against the 8tate, of what
nt. ever nature, wtil be~promptly iand fdithfully at
in tended toead at a reasonable rte of colpasas
ev, tion. ,
.THe will also attendto the entering of Lands,
where parties desiring the same, will' furnish him
Swidrb the requisite datb s to e tloslty, number of
township, range, ete.; also to the re~eqptioi of
ads sole, or fooelked tothe State, ·o nen pray.
,- B ron *er, La-r .l. 0. Wlklitse; and ltMo.
to A 8. .iere".
.,s u'emeu .-t-tein. X. Gi3ot, Oae. Lobe L. L,-i' ,
ho,. 4.0. O0p~de+be. J: Arf s"r
r Cattd+otiL-'W. '. Scott , bq, .
Notoe%-Dar.'J W. Balter.
IAke Prefdewee..aT. 1 Hasd H, Zsq. #qlhZe
W.K. S EN* D. H.M'E Rox..Nf
W. K. STEVENS & CO.,
(wonIaRLY or TE nID RIVER aI ILRBOA.)
Iron and Brass Foundry
On .FRONT S2REET, between the Store of
H. ROBERTSON & Co., and the Railroad
Depot, Alexandria, Louisiana, fine
Wi[E WOULD respectfully announce to the Plani=
jj tere of Rapides 'and adjoining Parishes, tl eve
we have opened the above named establist' lec
Srent for the purpose of Manufacturing
Grist Mills, Ma
Pumps of every description, Steam and Water
Pipes of all varieties furnished and fitted to order,
in the neatest possible manner.
Steam Guages, fot
Steam Whistles, Sh3
-Water and Cistern Faucets.-- La
W. K. STVlYVENS'
PATEN3T LUBRICATOR, If
and every variety of prass or Copper Work.
R4pairing done on Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills,
Grist Mills, Cotton Gins, Sugar Mills, and every
variety of 'as , Wrought Iron, and Brass Work.
Old Cylinders bored and made as good as new. W
We will also furnish the celebrated
Metalic Packing, Se
for Cylinders, &e.
We ,will also, keep on hand, and make to order,
any variety of Plows, Sweeps,
SIron Axles for Carts and Wa
gons, with Boxes or Tubes to
done in all its branches.
,We are also, prepared to do
- Wood Turning -
of all kinds, such as Wagon and Cart
Hubs, Fellies, &c.
Planters, and others, interested in the Machine
Business, would do well to call and take a look at -
I MACHINER Y
and examine our Prices before sendir g their orders
or work elsewhere, as we are prepate I ýo do all
work in our line of business as CHEAP, we think,
as can be done elsewhere.
gg Orders from abroad promptly attended to,
and thankfully received.
VW All w8rk done by us, warranted to give en
We are Agents for the house of
W. R. DUNLAP & CO.,
F Cincinnati, Ohio, and we are prepared to furnish
a Boilers, Engines, and every descriptiorq of
of their work, at
ilann acturer's Prices,
and guarantee them in every respect.
V .. We refer to the following gentlemen:
, .J R. Williams, A. Prescott,
t. . Moore, J. Innis,
1kI R. Ariail, Capt. S. Wilson,
W. M. Sasseir, Jos. Chambers,
IH.Roberteon & Co., P. T. Hlickman,
D. A. Smith, S. B. Raygood.
G. G. McElroy, June 1, 1859-1y
A' lUMMER PACKET.-The new
d light draught and swift running
- MORNING LIGUT, -
of superior accommodations for passengers,
I EDWARD PARKER, MASTER.
d SAM. LAWSON, CLERa,
ºd having been chartered expressly for the New Or
leans and Alexandria trade, takes, the place of the
Piota, and will run as a regular packet during the
low water season:
er or freight or passage, apply on boprd, or to
e June 1A A. RACHAL.
S $100 REWARD.
h UNAWAY from "Crighton" plantation,
on Tenusas River, parish of.Condordia,
s sometime in March last, two negro'men
C' named Charles and King, of the following
de CHARLES is twenty-three or four years of age,
weighs about 140 pounds, 5 feet 6 inches high,
a- light complexion, rather a down lok, and speaks
slowly when spoken to.
KIING is twenty-five or six years old, weighs
about 160 pounds, 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, light
complexion, speaks quick when spoken to ; he is a
very likely boy.
[A eward:of one hundred dollars will be given
he for their apprehension and delivery to the subscri
hber in Natchez, or fifty dollars each, separately.
ey June 15-gm THOS. H. 8TANTON.
he (t0 MILas inTs or cOLUMBIA.)
of OATAHOiULA PARIISH, LOUISIANA.
fd IIR&S ANDER801 A SON respectfully a
ed IJ announce to their numerous friends
Id and all other seekers of "
, Health, Pleasure andsa Reereation I
that they have newly fitted up their establishment
.ae at the ;Castor Springs and are prepared to
to offer better accommodations than ever totisse who
feel disposed to par them a visit. The water pos
iay sesses the very finest medical properties, as many
3a- heretofore-allicted with Dispepsia, Rheumatism,
Jaundice, and other ftimctional and organic dis
eases can testify. /
TheSPRINGi are situatedin a pleasant, health
ful, Pine Valley region, with an abundance of
G a~L3 g, and every facility will beafflrded
to chaese anlkill the silver footed deer.
~Tr roads are good from almost any point,
- North, Jonth, East or West.
There are Bath-Houses provided fpr those who
desire to test the eiscacy of the water by bathing,
and those who desire amusementawill be furnished
with BALL RBOOMS, BALL ALLEYS, &c.
;e Te oprietors are distinguished for their un
Sweariedr ategtion.to the happiness and comfort of
their guests, and their charges are more moderate
then a et pace of simila? resr, -
" PICTrUR :! PIT'I'.JES !4
of tTE uodersi~ied would respectfully inform the
of 1ciize 6 al nndrit a~ n vleS i. that he will
. x.inalt.i orot ime Vith' the' fttl e prpose,
,f tad:MIROTYPES, and MELA .IOTYP ,,
&e.; tt~ an bb taken d1ually as well in cldtudy as
on. clear weather, and set in Cases, Breast-pins, Ear
. His pictures need but to be seen to be
di: ,'1y',pealkfor themselves. Those wish
' lidsea l edfotreG'Ticture of themu elve, Q11
f I idslshldg sver'them.a 'lve~~eord ngly. ul
GgeUo, is in l e Hal. 1 Te p eblic areespec
fully invr@ l to callandEi i ugine specmens. 1
ilauayli..- 11V. A.i 00ooPBi
News from the Seat of War! '
GREAIT TRIUMPH I
Of Liberty' Over Austrian Despotism I t "
Italy at Last Independent! pO
W E take this method of informing our numerous
customers and the piblic generally, that we
have, and ire receiving by every boat, the
finest and most
FASHIONABLE STOCK OF GOODS i
-ever brought to this market, comprising a well se
lected Stock of
Parasols of all styles and colors;
English Bareges; Double -Skirts; · ne
French, do. do. do. it
do. do. with Flounces; di
and Prints of every
manufacture; and a variety of Goods unusually as
found in a well kept Dry Goods Store. , ea
Ready 1Made Clothing, wl
Shirts of every style-White, Colored, Linen and ri
Ladies and Gents Shoes; - la
Ilats and Ladies Flats, &c., &c. t
If you want BARGAINS--GOO1 GOODS, and at
the very LOWEST PRICES, be sure to call . re
--AT THE-- . of
Cash Store, qi
Where you will find desirable Goods at •y
Eastern Prices, L
Selected by an experienced buyer, our Stock will it
exceed everything in the market for
-Splendor and Cheapness.-
We have no old stock on bhand, as we would rather
sell BELOW COST, than keep over old Goods. U
Our motto always was, and will be C
Small Profits & Quick Returns! 1e
or Call and convince yourselves, at
WI EIIILL & GILBERT'S P
t CASH STORE, y
e June 8-tf FRONT ST., ALEXANDRIA. O
JUST RECEIVED S
FEW Barrels Old Vir gi n
S Whisky, (best ever brought
Il fo this place.) I
Otard and Cognac Brandies;
Cl ret Wine in Pint and Quart Bottles;
Champagne, " " " '" "
Old Port and Medaira Wine, by the gallon-or bot. 1
Pure Home Made Lemon Syrup; a
Dried Beef; BeefTongues;
Mackerel in Kitts; Rice; Tea; Coffee; -
Loaf, Crushed and Pulverized Sugar;
Salt; .Bacdn; Soap; Candles; t
Macaroni, and everything for FAMILY USE,
whiich will'be sold at LI VIVO RA TES. "
June 8, S. W. HENt4,I E.
JOSEPH M'EVOY, f
Watcldmaker and Jeweler,
COUR'WI HOUSE SQUA1RE
Al andrio, 11a.
N., B,---Engraving neatlly execute4
May 11, 1858-ly .
ACADEMY Ss' FRA'NCIS OF
Conducted by lthe
Daughters of the' Cross,
ALEXANDRIA, PARISH OF RAPIDES, LA.
TERMS - - 8, 4AND DOLLARS
payable in advance, for full English and French
HORSE SHOEING and
ie R. J. M. RUIMMELL takes pleasure in inform
ing the public that he is permanently located
here and has established his Blacksmith Shop 1
on Third Street, in the rear of the Ice House. He
will pay special attention to Horse-Shoeing, and
promises entire satisfaction to planters and others.
2PThose who wish to have theitloijst well,
Ssafely and neatly shod, will do wellc to give me a
call. May 11, 1899-1y.
g INS TR UCTION IN FRENtCI.
B BERTh ST ANGE who h* been engaged as
e' teacher of French in the families of General
k' l, Thomas and D . Casson of this Parish, and
who can fturnish all 'desirable testimoniaulesof his ex
ha perience and ability, desires an engnement in
ht Rapides or an adjoining parish. He will teach
a Lin, French, Spanish, the rediments of Engish
and Arithmetic. His method of teaching itphor-..
en ough and exact. June 29, 1859.-tt
JOHN A. MoDONALD,
- EoCttai.e Jc ioierIo
PRESS ANDP R UNNING-GEER
FFERS his services to the citizens of Alexan
dria and vicinity, in all the above branches.
S Staijr-Bauldinu g
at'o D owN, liILrL S
hi put up or repaii-ed and made to.cut as 'well as
o9 new. 'Decl-ly
m, THEI LATEST
Greateit Invention of. the Day!
t l HE attention of Planters and others are partic
led ularly called to the
ComPound Lever;Press, "
int, A model of which can he sees at the St0 of
Messrs. H. Robertson & O. J. A. McDonid will
rho alway, be in readine ~to give any .infotnation
ng, required, and will also ild to .orderifj esired.
Hed Having purchased thu atent RighMrthisParish,
he will sell to any person the F it of building
n- these PIresaes in this Parish,
L of AISO Pulley and tper e Pie~ ds s:i'
'ate volving Pre aeihlt to order by Meheon
I aid & Co., but plante rw ould give the Compo'.nd
SLever the preference. ~
< otrders left am.htiue Shop on Third Street, ;un
mediatl in the 6rfthee i~des House, wil
i meet with pronl~ attention.
ill All work d.-with neatness and dispateh,
ea Dee-16l8-,'. J; k, Mcl)ONALD & Co1
V as rI7f e ithving clRimOi 0as til ~s iate of i.
.ar I. e'd, will please prese"t t he"iauise
SVto the undersigned. -
iH. ROBERTSON, EXaCIrYo
Me zanmta a?,May 5, 1859.-tf
L- Lrge id cdilete sortet f a op
------- - ---by:
PrBrJsasE EVER WDESDAJY, AT p
- 00- O er Auspum ..... ....ln 4"C
J L Y ::.:: : :. .. : 1$ .o t
FeausYivraua Demo º+ yi e (' car
SExtract from the address, of , fu. atic fee
tate Certral Cojmfittee, P ia . 8gre
But there isone. uestieon piVekrat ly fori
new to the countlr, in the forar~4 i lich, he
it is presented, that. has ,,ocp .ped some grb
diversity of sentiment g, m;, buu
which has not'been sgtled 0autho .~l
as some Democra contend, by teigh- du
est councils of. the party. We refer to te
what is commoly' known as the Tierrito- ty,
rial question. :he :'.i9at. i ghius aoid G
labored effortshave bee'n made to confuse nu
the public mintd;on this subject, but when er
Iescued front the in ehensible j~ n di
of the de a'pog e. y .ais y en- le
quiry, whih ould ly a a id'
ly met, as~to' the-natuuri a t the Cc
Legislatie. powerpos ythe ihab- St
I itants of the Toritory of itd Sttes, G
in the politicLl rellationsoo ch Territory. P
to the overnmnent and. -States of .the
Union. ,.We do not 'now propose to edis
cuss thip, question at an .~aiderjable.
length, r to say nluclnor ttiua briefly t
to exprass our viea.~ ,eg9ardiig it. .We.
presum hat, vee ;trelg u grat 1I
yield hisieady adhesion tois ir.ineqfp e
of Popur,. So creignityghen iigWtly in- e
terpreted and applied. But r0" r ui a .
Sovereighty is not a spurious ' 'pi t
idea, inddnite, vagrant' rand acrid ital. P.
It is, wtebiroperly defined, nothing more
nor less thfb the right, goeth at.
pervading ~entire system, but ~zpress"
t ly limited int action by the nstiattitQ
and the laws '4icannot exis~tegftirnate t
ly outside of thi,. Otherwi ie dd of I
being, as it is r4 erd i r Govor1ient[f,.th
touchstone of order, justice and peacei ,
would become o sedree o 4 til
disorders and co itant ana .ch .T h,ns de t}
fined and limited,` phi8 overeignty i d
equally incompatil witr the- ras'ei;-
ceedings of a mo. as with the edicts of 0
a tyrant. We canno theref cribe Ii
to'the illegitimate assuApti' . .
ter Sovereignty." We aia of opil
,ion that a Territory 'of e ~ 0
can, in no respect whbaev e ji r rded i
as either a Foreign or S igon )te
Nor can it enjoy, by possibilit : ; oto,
litical capacity independent pf,bi
sistent with, the government of tOP n
- established by the States, by whose ae
cy they, the States, through an ezpnditur~
of their treasure, and.it may be, tkdr blood,
d have acquirel the -vet Territoyr, ip ques
Stion, as so much public domains. or" 'omen .
Sproperty!." Where, let as ask, 'resides the
L. rightof emin~nt domain, ove%: ~resitory'
a of the United States ? IXtWfot adnpitted:
by. all to be with tihe FtAral Gover nied! ? I
Whore shall we look for.. the righ!t~ d I
Spower topscertain aind 'fi all TIeritoritfL
hl bouudaries? Is itnot;to the F~cderal Goov
Semmrnent? 4Where, shall we . seek, th~
n riglt,and'power and duty tordispose of all
lands e'ml-"~ 'ed in the. Territory,? The
r- atsweris, int the F~ederal . Government.
Where in the government of asTe.rritor
is lodged the Executive authority? It is
lodged in the hands ofa Federal Governor.
Where is the judicial power- of:a erritq; I
rial Government ? :~n he keeping of a
'R Federal Judioinry, Where-is ,ibe Legis- 1
lative power ? Every one knows it did
'-not exist, and that it could not legally
exist, until called into being by the~'ed
eral Congress, in the organi. act of Terol
torial Government. In -all thleseS :!u
strations of power, and te none
others outside tlth ii ~ Ieritonial
Government, w odthe direct, positive
ariand tangi4 'idences of the presence.qf
'tI e ty of the Government of the
i4 ited States, excluding the pretensions
of of Squatter or Territofil :legislative s6v,
ill ereignty, or Popular Sovereignty when
nused as a convertible term with tlhese, as
b, beirg alike untenable in fact, and prepos
ng terous in logic.
"id Bt t i Wsult be borne in mniihd that the
SFederal Government cannot act in a aier
ritory. as a despot,. or arbitrary rulier; and
here is th f edi'e blntees our dbdtine and
tht of the Wilmotpproriioites. It must gov
.rn in a Territory 1t the see of the Coiin.
-- seititioht, fa'id eicrilit hcriit * !itsife aind
Sits every function;it~cd' it it bo~hd to ree
e-.pect,; with strict iniptitilityi e rights
[ ,ti i of itb.l
i o ':.ld "i ° " .. ':' p 't 1, ' '" ',.l .
,A I2 '..;I,
iildefeasibi4 derit ive fwom the uon
gress; othe the f w thousand inhab
itants of . rtory, after its acqtiistol
by pur or :as indemniiity for war exz
peJ pe eape, would- have the right to
4themse es up as a foreign State, if
ey so lik~e and to deny thejnrisdiction
f the Unite States. But Congiess, whert
establishing $Government in a Territory,
cannot impart it authority 'to do, by
feeble Territortaleaiecttiiets,. dosit i~f
gress itself cannot#tselfundertake to per
form Uinder the, Ccstitulion, and can.
Bever venture-to uidcstake, except in fla.:
grant usurpationi of pobera not delegated
but reserved to the Stateni.
We are opposed, however te the intrd,
duction of any proirision particularlyl; -
tecting slave or any other kidd dfT pir
ty, into an ict organizing ,a Territoriai
Government. But if a Territroy at t
nullification or rebellion, in the eha Ubf
esistatice to acts df Cotngmres, of to i
diciat decisions in their proper logicual a
legal consequences, or to any: other legit
imate acts,done in and by virtue of thli
Constitutional authority of the United
States over the -same, then the Pederal
Government should at oincf ifitkfposeaid
put it down; not do inhchi'or the sake of
il've, or any other kind of property, of '
even of the personal rights of citizens th
may be thereby jinvaded,, though consi'
tptit~ A sutficient reason for the moo-e
meit, as looking to the 9ecssity of if oI
Seseration.- But befdre the ha"ff1it iff
imy such ct of nultlifcation, ' rebelli .
and at the tire of organizing a Territo
rial Overiditeht, the presumptionIear s.
-faqv iJelgal and peacefal ' ta#tt
,politica4 onduot onttie part of he inhab
~ nts of a Territory; oiverea .the *iiF.
ýa interventiov :wtdoa 'ud ii
kit,.e In fine, we a.reo disposed td
n mainin on,tbis question an i t all ti~ithes
th ipd etal plrinciFle if the°
of the S W ae.. diatinctl y ap
to any compulsory e t > i(Iir s
m utue of saquttersovereignty, oftheri bi
if the State 0otl Pennsylvania, as ,:e ai,:
Sthe sovereign proprietors of alt te"k . '
domain or:Territorial prbpety of 'thE'
nited Site and we still' occupy, with
f out any ange: of opinion, the, gioub.
e held ºi'the following resolutioi.tlo:
t incinnati Convention of .186, to wlt -r
Re Rtsolred, That we recognize .the vI
Sof the le of il the TerritorIe,_R
d ingn. as and ebraska, actin
the legally and f th ipressea i =
ý ýnajorit of a lt`si idents, ana
ever tIdiumborr of teki' inhhabi
Si$es it to form, ti ttion,
without dbme ia l , ,bet.
ito t Union rm
new Territory ta r
,d. or to prevent th intr
Spropety into tll Te'rritotyJ '
d petent agency of aFerr~tito ~ia
Sothe right of Se ,, eigiy" b ol
pie of a teriito9'y in t t~ It
I Stateoosntitutiq . itor~ 9
the meantispo1 .the iti
witbeacU, ot ,r, ud.r th.. ::~ .Ji
r. take their varioahpidpaBe* g
. themnipto the Ter fpry, 4ir
Ter!ritorial conditon.t py . i r ~pr
j. perty ar4l a) lypTqqa teyi prete 4 l
lj Constitutien 40oE G ited S~: $
SDred Scott decisios. We th* i
,d- the b 1'ip9 fbfirtdtiidt of
he all kindIofi ol eot hut: ,
ins entire Te'.rtt |i zmi, n
Sprejudice oftmilr t atel ad
peace and harmofio ti~f i $ter Qt
os- WP' A youngg En.lis
eing the bo~xe lthe c& .
%r· former "divil?' a 1 .
sul the namle of'Geqrge, ***t .
ad George pointed hiria S L e . Aifter'
.havixt g studied oveqr P c~m lo0ncg ,
to know all the ", of &g o a ' iatp '
n the'ffrenitn as)te& hirer tg' ato ge
'a- John did so,-an g ft.aft right ~happt
han¶ -. so -aI , ,.t
.. . .. . tlf .. . . ..l . .