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The Louisiana Democrat. (Alexandria, La.) 1845-1918, May 13, 1874, Image 1

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A- B. R;AC ALHAI T IE WOTLD IS GOVIE-TED TOO IvUTCO.-l (.T T -ISIl m..
VOL. 29. ALEXAN'DRIA, LA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 13, 1874. INO.A.
Tli; t'tle ltt ! i; pblshr Wek
'TEitI2I:
ly, at Vora·i Ioti~t,>,rN per altlillll
sx l , Itis. j) A\ Y HA 1LE IN A J)
fortTl risS fPEI?(Ii tihai mix uIIIlltE c.
first Iio'rrj'ii a n'! FI FTY ('i:N'r:i t INt
Pack + nbirelueuti~ one.
Eraii r li!it ' or Ioss, ( nt ErllI) Conosti
riite ;1 MJftIP
OlirrC.\ lit Not iei s, M nrihg* ', Pohilj
.Ieetlir g, Ca * il- of 'I'ia ikL , Pte., to
111' p;I,:4 tiira :ai 1vet ie·tieniti' Ls.
sjl ei, iii..i- diibin thue usual ad vet
A t LLXA d)KIA.
FE t C'AN & SCiNACK,
ý 1.
Watohmakers-and Jewelrer.
illi.EI W.)ENT.. FOR
The Howe Sewing Machines,
ýI;ºv 2i4, l 7--t~f.
S. 1' U 1 fJ
i)R Y (]O0U1.
1' I ýj:at'r r I
Corner of Second and Msurrav Stet
ALEX?.ND RA.
Raptics Agricultural Fair Associa
ttoli.
T I1E iTI'GUL"ARI ANNIAl Mi''
lilly(P(f the ;11)". : .;I'~tt) ~ ll AWtiii .f
held "on S.ottirll:av, Apfril 4th, for the
pill-pow of o~l'f'ti:l, 1)1 t-"rter to Qor\'e
for' thei EP I4(111I liZ '1 , and1( theI folowVIing
n'ýizt ICOP II 1W!e Tho frn
V. . . I:o'L flt .1 iI W. P~reskco)tt,
.1110-l v;t a, .1.:'. 11111101,
A meoti jg of the ;Thwe' I 1irectorN wasn
101(l irtai lhiin. to the ehll orter of the A=
csbaj:Lt 001, t):1 1i .ml:ty', .sprif tl (111 fnloei
pll0 lose of e'trrtile its 'offlec ·l for t ho.
Vtrlil:- *VI'(1 flI.4, d the gt.ltitLeiooen
nuaild below were cl eteu: lt
,1.V. F1 rc'e'C)t.. ....kioau Fl Pree-ll' r: tl
C) . 1" I'~ lri'a iº ............ .. tiu Sc erct; lº'1'
S. ('alen . . .. .. .1I11a tr l
.latoe-' (;. WVl ic.......... ....\t ornev
A trite Jop A. .T." '.N'S',
Ap'il I I -l mi Setert'!a %'o.
ýIorzreM ItO: CIteathid
I~Y (OOD)S, rl4rOCEIL ES,
IIOSII RY,
HARDW ARE, CUTLERY, ETC.,
FRONT.)r ST.,
Al S. iI.C US 0 L D s1J SD.
* AEXA~nDRA, LA.
J. LB YIN
CO iFE CT ION ER
(VINDZR TOWNr fllL,)
ALE1I XANDBI A
Dr. A. tOCKEI!LL1G
PRAC1TICES HIS PROF.ESSION
4jPlLA'.1~I/U.-1 vndl 7'.lcl I~
Secoud St, Betirert Frish and Elliot
IOT~IG TO THE PUBt;IC!
CII rriag~r, -
r! lfsckf, BlnggiauR,
Y8 f sale at threFCIA PSE STA.
MIIlCELLAN EOU8.
cfranid Ecore 'Wee~kly Packet 1
F'Ofl(RANI. E('Ol1 MIX MoNUrME
VILLJ NI\.IA\'S
I4,\1t~I N 8
th M i ful "ltrdi' LR
U letg i'astirgei' Steatte 1 T a lroii
(,11,1. W 1)NNU0i'1'............ .CekTEVSN Wo:EN 'VR
!ý, iit lllla It 5 1'. . \S't 'Etr iii
It.ait.-s Ur;iud E 'ire et'ev I 'r'J'L) XX
i~verirg.tarid Alex irrtr'rr evil' 13 EI)
N E'l)A V at 12 M. Forr t"'i It Or
I'rissri~t Al IIL U'' il).)\ I).'
rcr All. '.VIL.1i .i: ArYt~i'tIari) WVLtIt I l1iOr)U D I
It J.\J A'iXS 1PORC'I'J.i, MAG NE'l'IC
hii New a' i'-:trr -. t N"1. 167 St. harle~rhs
ni iti tiii or l -i1 y. ('It '(Iirij tir14 111ltl
underrhi p frL ali, L :irl'it, as, friorit Ily Owl)~
it t'rle tI)''.' -i'Ik rlotL too tar arivaiu'ed, a
p)Fi'll'rrri"I~t Clil't'.
JIlk t'Ili ' a I V:111 ' IlL(.dI'rltr. and I
an)r "liii Iii 111.11, lnr t. al nearly.
Ir'i hIt (:r. 1: ti' c o i arti 1:11(11n' 11, 015?~t
Chitroic- l: ii''iUalLi~li. (thei 1. thrtee
%c"n:r1' of wlit~ teitl tri'tie t'L11itie both
divy Lid rlii'4r ha:1- Irecir eXertittatilzrrg,)
ira)l afte hWi ai try: Ii'!) hey :naiil of our
in o'st err inu't anti ýIikilt I ri'liV~iiCý i18.
lI 11v iio'l i'va'l'eie- oihu ire weeksf
Iroinriri the ir' I (1 r U 11) i t 11 lit::; I Coll
11'. (1! 1i i , ii' a 1 . i' r * . I nOV ei."' ' 1 a dc
i'ii P ll j( ' ":i ,i' . ;:4 'I ' Ii ji'k
lax i st1' O,i .11'~ :I
TlIN! 'CIi:'(.';:"':;'1:"I'..
i'Ii l:; 1 in : 1'; :".1 "-tl.tt1 i i :1 ,"-ii
i . it r 10 0 ,i 1 liai!iIi l t n i
If gis iii i 'trl1 -11 i'r.'r:t i, ii I e
!tirl'r 1111tiririr irrrr'r of '1.1.i 1, nil rf .N 1 :i
nt.ilibr ridn' t';i' iiir'l i ;;rent :1: ti:.l'' arcsr
. nhhrrr ani sari il s o -or.' %% or il ors lIan)'
FI trgisoI1 & Shrhnoek,
Jewelersran 'id Ultie:rtr areiili Solo Agein a in)
{Alruxraudrna, La.
rW' None {;iutiniie w-ithlr'tf tlr trvrdr
ririk ttamiped ont eve'ry pair. Muirsirta
turirir by
P'ELLOWVS, IflI9LM & 'LAPP,
NEW YOVIC:.
LOOK fol r Týt\1)l; AK No ['ED
DLEERS EMPLOYED.SA i 1-1Ak j - i
ýXrILL 11AKE T11IS
Drcernbera r~t1 and $SRt7(11 tothe goom
VVu lulfrte51soit copn
arc mart. Mirres k It infro rs
.- -!-7-
NINTH 4i; S 01' THE UNITED
s'rATE'S.
W hile  1,, chiirtn ar. t! .; s t, hrine
sent to Qt h' io, th,' w nina a 'i, sihul
tanneotitly'I(:&i'-!ip to "o out into the
liild'i to wo;'k. ( the entire feilyl
lpopulatin-i ,'ver t,"tn ars o' f n'e less
than one in th te eni .-('ed in an.',
kind tof .' Ocul1tiion in atu i (.:aroui
un. In A.ll:.aoln the' l))rportio is
lconsidera|,ly u1 :,re oul e iln toune; ill
[,oui.simna it i+i "ill lower. hitng "l )li.t
sliushtil ovlr. oile in ftve; while in
Arkatnas it is (more than tllcli' e as
loiw .till, 1 eing onl'iy jiust u:e in ele
ven. The tig'ures we are here deal
ing w ih . i, il e uvnler.,·ct ., re-l
present white as wll :as ' h:1k wo
imen. anil 1; . ' : , he d ae of
tell up, us weli .a s wivtsindi olther.i
Moreover, tlIy iniClu.le all Ikln s ofi
)occupation:s-scihol-tleachi ingi, 'sl:lop
ke'eping'. b'- itendini., iedtttetwok, (io
imestic seIrvie. :1d1 i i(:il lhAour;l eiv
ervthinr, in shor't, ill which, wi;,en
are employedi. ex ;e)t honsekel pingi
16r their 1wn 7f!}milies. It will be ev-I
ident at a gtlance that they jl'ove the
iIegroes to) qhavlie ilItde a velry 'onsitl
eruable stridle in lhe path of material
proigrtess.. It is true. indleedl, that in
these .t% ny climes life is sustained
on a reui i li.ht inouiic.ut of fliod.
w i h e h an ii extremely Ioihler-ate
amniount of lahtlitr suflies to raise.
It is also true that the scale (of liviun?
to whieh'the negroes have been ae
euitomne'l is such as to )make themi
content with the conrsest anid po)or
est kind of' sulhistenell. anl that as
regarlds dwellings the v 1-ut up with
acIommiiidatioir s(arcelv iit foIr cat
tie.: Still, nmaking all d'ue allhwane*.
forl these cousiduerations, the f'aet re
mainsthat alfter a few brief years of
fre'euloin the iuegroes : ie ai llantl ar
wIfiliug'to maintaii the f'rea m:lIor
itv of 'tinir vwiEvn. hbinlhtors, i n ii-;
e.>. :ll,.istri s witft i: t "h V 1 'lv ,, . _
sity onlhe t .rt of !cv[ ' s to earnI wc 'an
g-cs. The t.'ut x('tc.s ,t'ies 1',l"e' anid
hitter cmi ple;inu nt ia , l)-t 1 hi i' .
trl' it very serio.i l -sly h. ii;l in th:
av:il:'hide ua lii v ('t n .l For'.
tuily rl'nta;Sc. ts tolfl ecteld ith d iii
E litivaitio ;f :l Cotton wiit no l'i 'll (nill
tlln are i t in re:atlt r' d tl h tll lnlnme ll.
Hence, the withtdrawaal of hltth wo
mill and chi ildren from the (iotto,
fields. which wlt have now shown to
e tak.ing place, really does hamper
agr~ieulture, and il'ess very heiaily
on the encumbered planters. But as
regards the neg'to race itselft there
can be no doubt by all of the invalu
ble impiortance to its ifuture = welfare
of this withdrawal. From the re-,
p6rt of the Royal Contnmission on the
employment of women andi children
we know what the c(onequenc es areti
even among our own people of the
prolonged dailly ab)sen(e trom home
of mothers ait work. We .can, then,
understand what those consequences
muist.be among a rnec just emergingii
friom savagery througith the disti
ldine of slavery. And, in faret, as wec
have already explained, the fri.ht
fully high infant mortality sh'wn iyi ,
the Health Reports of the Southern
cities to.r'avail everywhere among
Sthe negroe. is mainly dmue to this
cause.. But when the w)omen devote
themetlres to teu'e ofthe ir homes,
thie feelings anl the duties of moth
erhood will naturally add inevitaly
begin to assert their 1proper sway
over them. Although, then, the ane
groes have purchased their freedomn
with intense suherim g, with wide
spread distress, with many deaths,
they have not undergone their long
,gony in vain. They are beginning
to avriil themselves of the means at
hand fortheir elevation as thinking
and moral beings. They have foun
ded for themselvee homes of a kind,
and are nhk to retain in them the
mothers o'their children. And thus
they'hinve made the first difficult
step in the painful upward struggle
towards a higher and a better civili
zaton;,
All things considered, then, the
condition of the freedom as revealeti
to us, in the Census Reports is as
favourable as could reasonably have
been expected. But beyond and
all other advantages, it must never
be forgptten that they nave now ceas
ed to be chattels. They are men
and wmen y'ith, rights and duties
like any other, and the sanctity of
t hiib pdsons is hedged arotid: by
aflliTe'sqneguards of law. This is m
gi at outweighs a reultitude of
evils. If now we ask, what gain cin
their fom'mer masters show as thege
siut 61i'~se (en- year. d.we tan point
which emnu!e inl a v'eri qtuestili
shape. It is. usuelly estimated
t the outlreak of the war eafd a
was worth onu ti e av eragde ah u a
hud,, t dolhlrs. At that rato,
ag'reiate value of at thes
wvouhl have consitderably exce
400,000, 000L .-tterling,--the am
of the entire o tional debt, io
* niti d States, and double th 4
demuilt ', which, when i dmpose
Germa,,y upon France, appear
ral Elrope so 1rus hilg as to i al
the helie that it woul te
Fi'anc for a gener'ation. Ikt
po(Idation of France is abot
tiies as largeas s the white po
tiai of the slave strtes. At.
close of a still more exhausting
tiherefolre, a people one-sixth II
SFrench in numbers had to lI
ftine twYice as heavv. Tiat is to
opla),tlion (b~r population eyne
tioi cost h te e 5ou.;them whites to
Stimes t~he French indemnity.(
iput the matter in a mor i con
Sfhrm, supapolin' the loss to ,at
lea eqallV uion evtery white
l, wom'an ind child in the slave o
it would hidi'e amounted to biw
;i'0. and 601. for rech. The
seems so inc(redthbly la'e tht
feels disposed to reject tihe est
as impoe,,itle, and to iik heow
were corre h .t, tinyhowy in the I
could hai 10tcecape N bankruptd t
multlt he l'emleimbere(], however,
ii a genera] mile, the slave o
were large landed prolprietors.
were hot so alwaiit, indeed.i0
contrary, mi1 ny amongst the i
widows, lhiliren, u 1married w -
and other hellpless .persolns,
natural protectors had ianveste
provision made for them in
as the moset eluable of all kin
property. To these persons
course, emancipation was utatle
Still these were a minoritya
i mahority, as we have said, wete
owners. The lands were not, 0
cated, ouad in order to live then e
were obliged to como to term e
htnheir former masters, a , thc
Iicultivating their plastatioes.
over, the plantationsl pdtduceod t
Unitecially pdized in Europe, an
e u ommouites, such, as sug
(ltobacco, for. which there w bs
Swise a brisk demand, Thus, t
l there was great embarrat
thoegh mainy of the pwnod ri
:iance far a , gele'at .lint the-,."
unmder their difficulties, the greater
n umber were able to struggle through.
To guard against misconception it
may be desirable to say here, what it
ii;, of course, unnecessary to point
,':
out to thereader, that, however val
nable the slaves were to their owners,
from a national point of view they
lid not constitute property at all.
To the nation it was their produc
tive capability which alone was of
value, and they lost no part of that
by emanicipation. The four hundred
millions, then, is not to be reckoned
as part of the cost of war, as so niuch
property subtracted from the wealth
of the United States, nor even from
the wealth of the Southern States,
but only from the wealth of the white
inhabitants of those States who hap
pened to have owned slaves.
If we would know what has been
the permanent loss of the South in
its corporate capacity, we must de
tel mine what, irrespetive of the
-laves, has been the deterioration o0f
property there since 1860. To do
this, however, it is not enough to
imply compare the table of values
in the two censuse.. We must first
make allowance for the firt that in
1860 the money of the United States
was gold, and in 1 870 inconvertible
paler, Now, in 1870 the premium
on gold averaged 23-- throughout the
year; that is to say, the paper dollar 1
was worth somewhat more than
eigy cents in gold. To comiare
the valuation of 1860 with that of
1870, we must, therefore, strike off
one-tifth from the valuation of the
latter year. When we have done
this, we find that, deducting the
worth of the slaves, the value of the
real and personal property of the elev
en Confederate States in 1860 amoun
ted to 640,446 2001.; in 1870 the value
had fallen to 473,979,3161. The de
plrectition of property in the ten
years had been, therefore, over 27
per cent, or notvery far short of six
shillings in the pound. It will be
recollected that this is actual loss
loss of ,roperty that once cxistihd:
consequeitly, it conveys a veil in
aiccequate notion of the real inipover
ishmelut of the South. The rate of
increase in the value of property all
over the Union during the decadel
averaged about ,100 per cent. In
some States, such as New York, the
rate approached double the average,
but for the whole Union, with all the
war, and including the South, it was
as stated. If the rate had reached
this average in the South, the value
of the real and personal property of
the Confederate States would now be
nearly 1,280,000,0001. sterling, where
as, as we have seen, it is very little
more than one-third as much. In
cluding, then, the prevention of in
crease, as well as the actual loss, we
find that the South is now poorer
than it ought to be by a sum greater
than .the whole National debt of
Great Britian-and this, be it remem
bered, takes no account of the retar
dation of production all over the
Union in ionsequence of the war!
it would be futile, however, 'to at
tempt to estimate the loss on a basis
including this new element of retar
dation.
If now. we proceed to inquire on
what kinds of property this tremen
dous loss more especially fell, we
find that it wyas pretty equally dis
tributed over all the constituents of
wealth in the South. .FFor example,
the value of all the farms in the
States that seceded was considerably
under one-half their value as return
ed in'1860. More even than this, it
was actually less than the value re:
turned twenty years previously. In
other words, to use the striking -ex
plression of an American writer, in
agriculture the South has retrogra-:
ded a quarter of a century. The
full significance of this fact only
comes out when we call to mind that
in America. generally the. construe
tionh of a new line of railway immedi
ately and enormously enhances the
value of the land through which it
passes for fifteen miles on either
side; that in the South .about 2800
miles of railway wer% constructed in
the ten years here under copidera
tion; and that in this one industry
alone a capital not very far short o1
20,000,0001. sterling was sunk. Yet,
as wie have dseen, notwithstandin8
this vast 6Outlay, and .notwithstand.
ing the tfurthef fact that the farmin,
area thus opened by railway commu
nication was mnore than doubled, th
value of the farms themselves,~ actu
ally fell to less than one-balf. A'Afte
t tni.o s r cliEre io in)d tIa t bUL (1
of the land once productive has re- um
turned to waste, the average under tl
cultivation having decreased during c<
the ten years about one-sixth; that e(
there has been at immense falling off S1
in the number of horses, sheep, milch st
cows, and stock generally, though the e,
price of meat has risen very consid- fC
erably; and, lastly hat; is a matter at
of course under Fe circumstances,: t
that farming implements h'iave suf- rt
fered a depreciation of fully one-half:
notwithstanding the very great addi- st
tion to the cost of the impleiments tl
themselves, anti, therefore; to their re
appraisement, due to the protective in
policy in force. While, however, as Ia
we have now seen, the value of pro- p(
perty had fallen to less than a half es
in these distressing ten years, the hb
taxation had more than doubled in W
the sale period. In this statement u]
we do not include the Federal takes. at
i-ow exorbitantly these have increa- cc
sed ,in conu.quence of the war, and pi
how oppressive are the protective du- w
ties now levicd,:ai'e miatters of public W
notoriety. In this respect, however, ra
the South bears a burden eomnion to v
the whole Union, though, of course, bl
its weight is more oppressive to her an
poverty thanl to the comparative @
wealth of the North and West. But tl
we here refer only to the State, cuon- cc
ty, town- and other local taxation of t
the several States that formed the SE
Confederacy. When we allow for ex
the depreciation of the currency, andV "
then compare the local faxa'tion of ri
1860 in these eleven States-West sf
Virginia being reckoned with Vir- d
ginia--we fini that it hasmore thanw
dbubled. But the wealth being in U
1870 only half what. it W4s in 1860,
the burden on.the t~axpayer had re- t(
ally been multiplied more than four I1
times. And this, it will be recollec- h
tedl, took place in five years, the fill tC
of the Confederacy dating only from t]
the early summer of 1865. With 01
this oppressive increase of taxation
the increase of debt fully kept pace, "
although, as will be remembed, the
Confederate debt, and the various li
debts incurred in aid of the Confedee
racy by the -States, counties,. towns, 1i
and the like, were repudiated whole
s:dlt by the conquerors.
In 1860, it is not necessary to re
mind the reader, all property in the
South was owned by the whites- a
practically we may leave out of ac
count the inconstderable number of t
free-people of colour to 'be found I
here and there. 'Upon the whites, P
therefore, fell the whole of the losses i
we have now been enumerating.- 0
These losses, as we have just ex
plained, were of three kinds--losses r
from the liberation of the slaves; ti
losses from land going out of culti- t]
vation, from the destruction of prop- s
erty, and from the depreciation of a
that which. remained; and losses, o
from non-production, from the hin- a
drance of that fructification of capi- O
tal which was going on when the war d
broke out, and was continued else
where throughout:the Union. Tak- t
ing the lowest estimate the facts will e
admit of--calelatiaing, that is, thea
increase that was prevented, not at a
the high rate that prevailed in the 1
South itself during the preeeding t
ten years, but at the retarded rate of 1
the whole Union for the ten years
under review-these several losses I
added together wvould amount to:a I
sum exceediig the national debt of *
Great Britain by considerably: more
than a half. Such a sum, ifnorp re- I
alized, would pay off the national
debts ofb~th the United Kingdom
and the U~nited States. Or, it waoia
recoup France for all her losses ii
the disastrous war against Germany,
exclusivi e of liived, but inclusive of
the indemnity and of general dam~
ges: and it would yet leave a sfitphms
nearly sufficient to buy' up ll the
railways of Ehglad, "treland,' 'ifd
SScdtland. :Aud'"this iiieditae loess
was suffered in the briet space dfteii
- years by a pdpultiontin no 1ager thin
Sthe present populatibn: of:ieland.
t Truly, it is no wondei~ that there
ri should be distress in the Souitli. :But
) . is it all attributable to war and wan
Both Maryland and Delawarq, aa ti
i reader kn.qgs, were-slave .ta' es,.
f the material an4 moral jprogress.
;,. both has been umqpletionmab e,
gbe objected htthey ", 4a ped
Srav ages of war th!, takg
gNOt y:iyatt s34isouri a
. but, with the single exce Pi
SVirginiaj o-aart etheor.
ed more 4l9teeOlrfitm h b -
Yetlthereth;a_~ e kg fa-~msb an
r creased .ftyrjier .ent., d r(,G' r tiit-.
..i..n iir as s. Inn .._ aw - ,~€;ni
under culpi ati on. It: is - lear,
thereforethat wgr.and emapcipation
combinned are not sufficient to ac
count fully. for, the condition of the
South as revealed to us in the Cen
sus Reports. What, then, are the.
causes which have aggraivated the ef
'fects of internecine strife and_ social
and industrial revolution? Thee are
two: "carpet-bag" misrule and white '
ruffianism.
When thearmies of Lee and John
ston surrendered, the government of -
the North,found itself called upon to
recast society in a conquered land
inhabited by two antagonistic popul -
lations. The larger of these was,
perhaps, the fiercest and the proud
est upon earth. Until then it had
been a caste. apart, an aristocracy- of
wealth, intellect and color, resting
upon and supported by a servile race,
and wielding the destilifes of a great
country. The smaller had been'the.
property of the superior people, and
was actually without possessions,
without knowledge, and witlo4imo
rals. It had just been freed b'y in;
vading armies from the most, terri
ble' slavery the world lihas ever . seen,
and it was removed from absolute
savagery by no more than two or
three deguents. Nothing, therefbre,
could be more evident, than that, if
these populatiops were'left to them
s~lves, the former would speedily re
enslave thelatter.. That,. of urse,
was not to be, permitted. A r sac
rificing a million of lives acd thou-.
'sand millions of money, in s iking
down a system, no pepple " l or
would allow.it to be set up a iiii.-
Under those ciicumistances the wise
and humane course would lhave been
to place the Sout fobi a generation
under military government. It would
have been wise, for it promised bet-"
ter than alny other policy to attain
the object in' vie-the pacifiiion ..
of the country. And it wouild harve
been humane: to the, blacks; as it
would han-e insured' them full pro- :
tection; to the whites, as it would
have saved them fiom the last deg
redation of all in their e~yes,":thlit'of'.
being subjected to heir pwa'sla'i+. :
But the Federal idenstititfion'ptijn
ised a republicniu form of oven'merneit
to all the States, and the }eople 'of
the North sliranklt'from openly a d
avowedly, in the face of all 'ihe
world, breaking thronugi the uninis
takable letter of 'the "Constitution.
We would not lightly reproach a peo
ple for not having undisguiseily vio
lated a fundamental provision ofthd -i
organic law:" However littie maj bbe
the value of a mere technical adhe
rence to legal requirements, it is, oe
tain that without a respect even fer i:
the technicalities of law no free aid -'
stable government is possible. -At
any rate, it does not lie in the mtahs
of Englishmen to reproach oths ,.
account of such conduct. But or
or praiseworthy or the ,rve he h
decision of the people of tl!..i 6r
was to obey the letter of th( 'nsti
tution.. With that obedli1 ~&how
ever they rested satisfied. dngress
a mere creatnre of the titutin
and with no more legal ight, there
fore, to interpret it construction
than was possesses4 b any S4Iier:
legislature, undertoot decidewlit
satisfied the requi~ ent of a rep ib
lican form of. ent. t
posed conditionas,,iitd g
'and'over-rode k popular wl1i·
short, i sanfr chised the cal
people 'of the .uth, thoke who had
been trained -,panhli lfe and "&l
had exlerieen in'the.&econddiS a
fairs, and lnfralchised :thnidswwJo
had no nxoAimiception of.
rights lthath~y had of the l1t~f4i o
consiiit of matter. Of -aursef,
thesrelatr 'could' notianrry*, agV:
'erni tt refre, :frbm :all paits of.
the tn-theredlocked to the Soathi
pea i s b' adventurers, "with philan-r
thio* ~ their lips; and the hOpdr
ipi$S .i-Mt bthi lir hLarwts: WWitlh ,
inglintity of inventing nick~ m
clgrsacteristic of Americans, some
deii catory MS~iherners aslla
xd the. , ,-'a - ' -ir ers as - ear.. t. .
- siin thatt.ie- c.arred
.thei worlllygoods ii a-carpet-;
Sger" 'iiMedathe 'confidenp of.
& nerroes, and auceeded I e
idn illl seiraride61 ed at
~ pnsfor. bcuAmbM ra s
orerr ap e nWLaif
-eF the Cor
:'~ im~aEtr~a~ Ebri~a~
;S,~;~lj,,;, ;?r: ru;~td~d~ Q

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