Newspaper Page Text
"The World is Governed Too Much."
IIE;YIY L. BIOSMAT, Business Manager. ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1886. 1VOR. XLI.-NO. 37.
'm growing old. I daily feel
The years are creeping on apace,
The seasons and the birthdays steal
Around with but a little space;
The lhes are deeper on my brow,
My walk is more sedate, I'm told,
3Uy friends are fewer, choicer now
I'm growing old.
The things that pleased me when a boy
No longer please, but bore instead;
The friends that gave me greatest joy
Are scattered far and wide-or dead.
I find my mem'ry has a gap.
I thrice retell a tale retold,
I like an after-dinner nap
I'm growing old.
I'm growing old. Alack! Alack!
But yesterday I was a boy,
With lifu before, an unknown track,
A dream of gold without alloy.
Oh, but to live it o'er again!
Oh, for the days of youth and gold!
But boys are boys and men are men
n'm growing old.
-J. 'I: Burgess, in Detroit Free Press.
A BLOOD-STAINED LEAF.
It Kept Alive the Memory of Two
Two fatal duels fought within a few
months of each other on the same spot
the life-blood of two men staining a lit
tle shrub, which, too, was sapped to
'death-are the bases of a story as true
as it is hideously romantic. Every one
who was in New Orleans in the summer
'of 1872, and is still living, must remenm
ber the Rhett-Cooley duel. Judge
Cooley resigned his position as a Judge
in one of the courts 06 the Parish of Or
leans to challenge and fight R. B. Rhett,
then editor of the New Orleans Picayune.
,Colonel Rhett had published an ex
tremely abusive article, impugning the
Judge's motives and viciously assaulting
his character. The duel was arranged,
and Bay St. Louis, Miss., on the other
side of Pearl River, fifty-two miles from
New Orleans, -as selected as the ground.
It is unnecessary to mention the names
of those who witnessed the said affair;
one, in addition to the principals, will
be sufficient to explain the remarkable
coincidences of which this reminiscence
Carson Mudge was at that time the
anost prominent dealer in guns and
sportsman's materials in the Crescent
City. He was known by all sportsmen
an( liked. The weapons selected were
double-barreled shotguns loaded with
ball. The manner of loading the gun is
an important factor when accuracy is
desired, as every sportsman knows. Mr.
•Mudge did this service for Colonel Rhett,
at the earnest solicitation of the seconds.
He had performed similar favors before,
but up to that time the arm of his man
had not been as true, nor the intention
as deadly, as those which characterized
and governed Colonel Rhett. It was to
be a duel a l'outrance, and Mr. Mudge
did his best.
Two parties of men left New Orleans
on an early train for the bay, and ar
rived at about ten o'clock. Carriages
were taken to Nicholson avenue a broad
lane running from the edge of the Mis
sissippi Sound to the railroad, a mile
distant. Just half way from the railroad
track forty yards were stepped off 'and
the positions drawn. Colonel Rhett's
two seconds stood over Mudge as he
carefully measured the powder, weighed
the ball and wrapped it in a small piece of
cloth, until the leaden missile had grown
with its covering to a size to tightly fit
the bore. It was driven home, a fewmo
Inents after the same operation had been
performed among the little cluster of
anxious men who stood across the lane.
The principals parted with the surgeons
with whom they had been speaking, and
were led to their places. Both men
stood erect, their faces showing deter
muination, a deadly hatred, but no fear.
Fatcing Colonel Rhett were orange
trees just beginning to bud, and in front
* of Judge Cooley was a long row of ole
anders, whose blushes contrasted
strongly with the spotless white Cape
jasmmines that alternated with the acacias
dlotting the rear of a large, inclosed gar
The Sound lay in limitless space on
the east, gleaming like polished brass in
the dancing rays of the sun. The bar
rels of the shotguns, too, were gleam
ing, but the glints were the smiles of a
Thie mocking birds were still singing
their morning welcomes to the bright
day when the word was given:
"Are you ready?"
The two men nodded assent. -
"Fire! One, two."
The reports were almost simultane
ous, and the duel was over.
Judge Cooley had washed out the
stain on his honor in his blood. Col.
onel Rhett had sustained his by killing
The birds had been frightened into t
silence, but only for a moment, and 1
again their carols went up and their E
music blended in the ethereal with the
perfulme of flowers. A man had been t
illedt and that was all-it had been done I
in a gentlemnanly way. One glance of
the surgeon satisfied him; one look at 1
the face of their friend told the tale to E
the seconds. Carson Mudge had loaded
well, the bullet had gone to the heart of t
thei grame and the sportsman was satis- h
The two sets of seconds were satis
fied: all said they were satisfied-but h
A little scrub was growing where- v
Judlge Cooley fell, and as the red stream p
flowed fromn his breast two drops drip- i
ped upon two of its leaves. It was a
sprig of deer grass, a succulent little o
green vegetation, tender as the sensitive
hilant. The two thin leaves swelled and
--rooped with the blood of the dead, and, k
saturated, sent the surplus through their o
veins to the stem. I
Tite dead was removed and the living si
returned to the city. t
The newspapers at the time published a
detailed accounts of the affair, as repre- b
sentatives of all the journals were pres- sa
ent and vouched for the perfectly fair a
manner in.which a question of honor
had been decided under the code. There p
hlal been no interruption by law officers, g
and no subsequent judicial cognizance c
was taken of the case. Colonel Rhett
returned to his old home in South Caro
lint. and edited a newspaper. i
-Tiough the people who lived near the F
owne 9f the duel could see spots of a
blood on the grass where Judge Cooley
fell, little attention was paid to that, as
the grass would wither and die in the
winter and a new crop sprout in the
spring. And so the stains were left un
It was not very long after that a Mr
Bienvenu challenged Judge Phillips, a
practicing lawyer, and had the satisfac
tion of receiving a favorable answer to
Again shotguns, loaded with ball,
were the weapons, and the identical spot
where the Rhett-Cooley duel was fought
was chosen. Once more Carson Mudge
was called upon to display his ability in
preparing the powder and ball. His
services were secured by the Phillips
Little change had been made in the
scene about the broad lane, and to the
ordinary observer there was nothing
show that a man had been killed on the
spot where the Bienvenu party were
The reason was not the same, it is
( true, and the oleanders were not bloom
ing. Neither was the day so fine.
Clouds shrouded the sun, and the trees
looked like gaunt sentinels watching
v some hallowed place. The wind was.
- laden with the spray from the white
caps in the wavy Sound, and left a
chill upon the cheeks it kissed, as it
went moaning through the pine for
est beyond. It was a mournful
scene, and the men who had gathered
r there seemed impressed with the un
- canny nature of the spot and surround
ings. Winter had brought death to
nature's beauties, and man was pre
paring to deal death to his fellow.
The ground, though, bore no marks
of a struggle. Apparently all signs of
the previous affair had been obliterated.
But to one who knew, and who cared to
look, there was a mute witness to the
deadly strife, the memory of which
still lived with those assembled.
Two blood-stained leaves were cling
r ing to a stem of deer crass; the stem,
i too, was slightly tinged with red, but
on the other side were two more leaves
as green and juicy as they were in the
spring. The cola that had intervened
had not chilled nor withered them. The
1 ephemeral life of the tender summer
blades had been preserved and pro
; longed by the vivifying heart's blood of
a strong man.
i M~. Bienvenu took his position next
to the incarnadined shrub and awaited
It was given and the men fired.
Quickly the seconds and surgeons
rushed to each, but there was no need of
assistance. Neither had been touched.
A look of disappointment came over
the faces of two or three, but two or
three others were glad that the bullets
had sped wide of their mark.
The seconds conferred and were in
clined to bring about an amicable set
."No," vehemently exclaimed Mr.
Bienvenu. "I have not come here for
fun, nor for an apology. I came here
to fight-to kill him if I could, and I in
sist upon another shot."
Judge Phillips declared he was not
anxious, nor did he care what was done;
he was in the hands of his friends.
The excitable creole was gesticulating
and declaring to his seconds that confer
enges were useless; they had. agreed to
act for him, and he desired that the duel
should be to a finish.
Once more the accommodating Mr.
Mudge measured his powder and
weighed his bullet. This time there was
to be no mistake. Life was in the bal
ance and blood should flow.
The men stood with the stocks of their
guns on their hips, the muzzles at an
angle of forty-five derees and the ham
mer at full cock. Before "one" had
been called the quick creole had pulled
the trigger, and the sound of "two" was
lost in the report of Judge Phillips'
Mr. Bienvenu fell, raised his hand and
"It is no use-he is shot through the
heart," sorrowfully said the surgeon,
and they bore him away.
His wife had lost a husband, but he
had avenged what he had pleased to
term an insult with his life.
When the duelists left the ground the
two green leaves of the deer grass were
no longer so. The dead manhad fallen
to the reft of the sprig, and the leaves
had dipped into his blood and taken its
Four years after, the writer visited
the spot when attending another duel,
which was fought in the vicinity, and
which ended by one of the combatants
receiving a Colichmard thrust through
the arm. The season was winter, and
everything around seemed dead but the
orange trees, with theiryellow fruit, and
the magnolias. The surroundingslooked
gloomier than they ever did, and it
seemed as if the stranger were treading
An indefinable something impelled him
to search for the sprig of deer grass.
There it was, keeping guard over the
ghosts of Cooley and Bienvenu. Its color
was then a deep red, and its appearance
that of a rusted wire. It was petrified,
but cemented by blood; its leaves were
as fast to the stem as when at maturity.
The winds from the Gulf had blown the I
Sound into storms, and havoc had been
made with the giant oaks and pines in
the background; but the stream which I
had made human hearts beat had kept
the little shrub erect and firm.
Two years more and the tree of blood 1
had disappeared. Inquiry developed t
the fact that an old negress, a voodoo t
woman, had stolen it, and was using it s
piecemeal in her fettish work. How I
many innocent heads slept over that t
murdered blood no one will ever know;
old Celestine is dead.-N. Y.. BSlar.
-Much is said in favor of the new
kind of bricks made from the waste sand
of glass factories, which often accumu- t
lates in such large quantities as to occa
sion much inconvenience. For utiliza- e
tion in this way, the sand is subjected to
an immense hydraulic pressure, and then d
baked in furnaces at a high temperature,
so as to produce blocks of various forms
and dimensions, of a uniform white c
color, which are composed of almost
pure silex. The crushing load is from
two to three tons per square inch.
Chicago Journal. t
--The Presidency of the United States
is to be abolished. It is Le Figaro, the 8
Parisian truth-teller. that lets us know
y A THREATENED FLOOD.
Carelessness of Two Senators Who De
sire to Stand Well with. the "Soldier
Nearly all the old pension projects
of the Forty-eighth Congress have al
a ready been introduced into its suc
cessor, while some new. ones seem to
0 outdo in extravagance anything hith
Two Senators were so anxious to
lead in this rivalry that each brought
forward the same measure. It grants
pensions to every soldier and sailor of
s the Mexican war, and every soldier
and sailor of the war of the rebellion,
who served even fourteen days in the
e army or navy. It gives pensions also
to the surviving widows of such soldiers
and sailors, provided they have not re
e married. Then it raises certain pen
se ions to the maximum of twenty-four
dollars per month, prescribes that
s every eight-dollar pension now paid to
widows or minor children shall be
made twelve dollars and dates all the
s civil war pensions back to the death or
g5 During the war there were furnished
e to the Union armies, under the various
a calls of President Lincoln, 2,772,408
t men. Probably 20,000 men enlisted in
the regular army besides those who
I were credited to the States. The
d .States, too, with a few exceptions, rc
Sceived no credit on their quotas for
men furnished for less than ninety
days' service. Yet there were many sixty
days' and thirty days' men. In the
summer of 1863 many militia volun
teered for thirty days, the State of New
f York alone furnishing 17,213 officers
and men. ' Accordihg .to the.careful eý
timate of Colonel Phisterer, it is per
Sfectly, safe to say that the total number
of men furnished by the States and
Territories for the armies of the United
States, after deducting those credited
with service in the navy, will exceed
t 2,850,000. In Prof. Soley's "Blockade
and the Cruisers" we find the state
ment that when the war ended there
were 61,500 men in the Naval Service.
Of course there had been many others
who served only a part of the war, and
many no doubt were discharged for
disability. In round numbers we may
say that about three milion men re
sponded to the. various calls, on land
and sea, in the regular and volunteer
It is clear, therefore, that the bills
just spoken of propose to pension an
enormous number of men. It may be
said that those who re-enlisted are count
ed twice in these enumerations. That
is true; and it is not possible, without
a degree of labor perhaps never likely
to be undertaken, to know just how
many individual soldiers and sailors
served. But it is worth while observ
ing that if the aggregate of 2,772,402
men credited to the States and Terri
tories under the various calls is brought
to a three years' standard, it still rep
resents 2,320,272, Thus it will be seen
that the number of short-term troops
was comparatively very small. It is
often urged in behalf of those univer
sal pension projects which provide a
pension at the rate of a certain fixed
-.suum per month, according to the
amount of service rendered, that the
great' number of short terms will much
reduce the amount to be paid. In re
ality there were comparatively few who
served less than a year. In 1861, for
example, 91,816 men were furnished
for three months, but 657,868 men for
Schemes for pensioning everybody,
rich or poor, who ever bore arms dur
Sing the Mexican war and the civil war,
even for a fortnight, do not take proper
account of the expense which would be
incurred in carrying thbm into effect.
In fact, they hardly take account of the
character of the service performed,
since it is well known that militia who
performed duty in Northern forts for
a few weeks, until regular forces could
be supplied, were mustered into the
service. Under such bills as have been
introduced into Congress, even these
soldiers would now be entitled to pen
sions, though never within hundreds of
miles of the actual scene of war.-N.
THE CONFLIOT IS ENDED.
A Grand Speetole- Whlieh "History -Has
Never Had to Record Before".
As a rule the Southern people are
not admirers of the Puritans, and they
may perhaps at first be startled at the
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher's cutting
them so, as he did at the Brooklyn
New England dinner. But they are
not likely to lay it up against him
'when they comprehend the splendid
compliment he paid them.
He defined the Pnritans as those Who
insisted on making themselves instru
ments in the correction of abuses no
matter at what sacrifice; who refused
to be led away from these aims and
who had the will power to carry.them
out at any cost. "There are," he said,
"men in Ireland to-day as good Puri
tans as the world ever saw." Every
man, no matter where he lives, does
the best he can without counting the
cost-every such man he reckoned
ambng the great brotherhood of the
There are a great many Puritans in
Georgia and South Carolina, he said,
who meant right but who made mis
takes. But though they saw every
thing passing away from them, their
sons slaughtered, their wealth disap
pearing, they showed a heroism which
the historian ought to celebrate. He
They were on the wrong side. They acted
under false lighte, but they acted nobly, nla
their spheres, and I, born Abolitionist, I who
fought slavery as old Putnam fought the wolf
in his hole, I who urged on the war and who
relaxed no whit until the end came. I desire
to go on record-and I hope this at least wilt
be quoted of me--i desire to say deliberately
that sinooe the human race existed on the
earth there is no such spectacle of a great
proud people living in some twelve or ffteen
tates that after the war accepted the oon
dilions allotted to them-not, I admit, with
out some errors here, not without some ex
cesses there, but take them as a whole, their
patience, their contentment, their noble re
construction, with courage and zeal and work,
presents to the world a spectacle that history
has never had to record before.
Senator Frye, of Maipe, responded
to the toast "the State of Maine", in a
bright and incisive speech, but he
couldn't let the chance go by without
growling in an undertone at Beecher's
sentiments. He had his ehoice of seey
eral subjects, he said, among them
"the heroes of the late civil war", but
ýr he took the "State of Maine" instead,
because he was reminded "in these
piping times of peace and reconcilia
tion nothing is to be said about loyalty
- and treason; flowers are to be scattered
ý- on the graves of the blue and the gray
o alike; the battlellags must be furled
1. and put away in dark places, and
neither on platform nor in pulpit is it
proper to talk of rights secured and
O sealed by the blood of brave soldiers."
it Mr. Beecher's remarks were loudly
ts applauded and so were Senator Frye's
)f confessions that the war is over; if not
tr for him, certainly for the mass of the
1, people. He is certainly right. The
ýe popular feeling no longer responds to
o mere rhetoric and sentimentalism about
s the war. If anyone has anything in
teresting to tell-of daring deeds on
1- either side; of the manner in which
ir battles were lost and won; of the mis
it takes or failures of Generals under
o either flag; of adventures and escapes;
e of dangers and difficulties, of the dis
e tinguished men North and South,whose
ir names will forever be associated with'
the great war, the public is eager to
d listen. The overwhelming rush of war
i literature and the anxiety of a new gen
8 oration to learn of these not distant
a scenes and days proves what deep in
o terest'is still felt in the war, not, how
e ever, as a sentiment, but as a "cause".
Only the old and middle-aged, and
r not all of .them by any means, share
y the feelings of Senator Frye, Robert
y Toombs and the politicians that beat
e the old war drums to indifferent ears.
- Senator Fryqs confession, even lore
than Bebcher's eulogy, proves to the
a. wayfaring man that the "war is over".
i -Detroit Free Press.
A GRAND INTEREST.
d Figures Showing the Supremely Import
d ant Interests Protected by the Depart
d nme!t of Agriculture.
An estimate may be obtained of the
vast 'cereal wealth of the Northwest.
'e and the enterprise which has kept pace
with its development, from an interest
s Sing list of elevators and warehouses in
Minnesota and Dakota recently pub
v lished in the St. Paul Pioneer Press.
The following is a summary of the list:
d Total number of elevators and ware
r houses in Minnesota and Dakota... 1,513
Total capacity in country outsideter
minal points, bushels............... 33,594,403
g Total capacity, Minneapolis.......... 9,14,500
Total capacity, St. Paul............... ],000
Total capacity, Duluth................ ,400,000
: Grand total capacity.............. 54,448.900
t It is stated that in many sections of
t the Northwest enterprising capitalists
have gone into undeveloped territory
and erected elevators and warehouses
even before the settler came to raise
grain to fill them. The grain and
2 warehouse law passed 'by the Minne
sota Legislature, last winter, has been
t a material aid to the development of
the systýnm, as previous to that time the
Selevator bilsiness was controlled by a
s few powerful companies, who were
Skept mnpower and free from competi-.
tion by the railroad companies. The
a increase in two years in the number of
1 elevators on lines directly tributary to
e Minneapolis is nearly threefol.d.; A
c noticgable fehtdare i8 the great stilerior.
'ity is 'the character and capacity of the
buildings in the extreme northern see
tions' over those in the longer settled
r districts in the southern part of Minne
j sota. The cost of the elevators com
r prising this vast system is computed at
ten million dollars, and their capacity
is more than equal to this year's crop,
fifty million bushels. The cost of re
ceiving, clearing, elevating and
r discharging- gram is -about two
e cents . per' bushel, while elevator
Scoipanes; ,-vwho 'btriy 'afnd ship
g grain, receive from three to three and
a half cents per bushel. Out of this
comes' the interest on the investment,
all expense of maintaining and operat
ing the elevator, insurance on grain,
cleaning and loss of weight and grade
at terminal points.
The thoughtful utterances of Presi
dent Cleveland on our agricultural in
Sterests show that he fully appreciates
the importance of the vast wealth
which is annually derived from the
rich farms of the West and Northwest.
The above statistics must convince
every reader of the great benefit to be
derived from a wise and careful exer
cise of the powers and duties of the
Department of Agriculture, which is
charged with acquiring and diffusing
among the people useful informatiohn
on the subjects interesting to farmers.
Could efficient precautions he also
taken against grain corners, which
would seem, in view of the cereal
wealth of the Northwest impossible to
bring about, but Which are, neverthe
less, of no infrequent occurrence, the
country would be always ready to sup
ply the needs of other nations without
the infliction of burdens on our own
people, by an undue increase in the
price of grain. Should the present
troubles in Europe culminate in a gen
eral war, a wonderful impetus would
be given to our grain interests, as the
supplies from India and other coun
tries could not loing be relied upon to
feed the warring nations. As the bur
densome restrictions placed by the rail-:
road companies, in Minnesota, upon
outside parties who desired to build
elevators and extend the system, have
been removed by law, we may look for
still more astonishing results during
the ensuing year in that great grain
producing region.-Albany Argus;
-In the ancient Athenian republic
Clisthenes devised ostracism as ,a
way of getting out of,.the way any pub
lice man whom the people feared or dis
trusted. '"If six thousand of the citizens
voted for the ostracism of a man' he was
compelled to withdraw from the city
within ten days and remain.in banish
ment at first for ten years and after
ward for five years. Even Aristides,
Themistocles and ' Cimon were thus
quietly sent into exile.
-When men sneer at the want of
courage in women they seem to forget
that a tender and delicate girl .will
silently, and without asign, endure un
told agonies in breaking in a new pair
of boots two sizes too srr ll for her,
while a man will rip and snort as if he
was shot if his buck corn happens to
be disturbed by a bit of careless leather
-- y. .me'~ ,
PITH AND POINT.
--The man who knows the least ru.
3 quires the greatest space to tell it.
- N. N. Mail.
V -It is customary in Germany to kill
I an editor whenever he says anything
. witty. There has been no editor killed
I in Germany for many years.--Evans
1I ille Argus.
t -The more hat a man can buy for
1 two dollars the less bonnet a woman
can buy for twenty, and yet some folks
say this world was slung together in
perfect harmony.-Philadelphia Call.
--First Doctor-Well, I'm sorry to
see you in this shape, Doc. Who's pre
scribing for you, by the way? Second
Doctor-Nobody. Doing it myself.
First Doctor-Great Scott ! don't!
You're committing suicide !-Puck.
--Tailor - Married or unmarriedP
Customer-Married. Tailor (to cutter)
S-One pocket concealed in lining of
vest. Customer-Eh? What? Tailor
(explaining)-To hide your change, you
know, at nght. I'm married myself.
' Chicago Rambler.
--It knocks all the gilt off the ginger
bread of an editor's life to know that
when he has written a fiery and brilliant
t article denouncing tyranny and expos
- ing slavery he will have to go home and
split kindling-wood for his wife and
shine his mother-in-law's boots.-Chica
1 qo Tribune.
3-An elderly gentleman is seen to
tread on a piece of orange-peel, and
t come heavily down, on what may be po
litely called the small of his back. To
him, polite stranger, raising his hat:
"Excuse me, sir; would you mind doing
that againP My friend didn't see it."
-Jones-Smith, you are the laziest
man I ever saw. Smith-Correct.
Jones-They say you sleep fifteen hours
out of every twenty-four. Smith-Cor
rect. Jones-What do you do it forP
Smith-In order to economize. You
see it costs nothing to sleep, but the mo
ment you wake up expenses begin.
--Cousin Sophia (talented and ac
complished)-Yes, I like Mr. Fibson.
He's so sensible. He told me he didn't
care a rap for unintellectual women,
however beautiful they might be.
Cousin Bella (only pretty)-Did he,
really? Why, he told me he couldn't
bear intellectual women! He said wom
an's mission was to be beautiful !-
ONCE TOO .OFTEN.
A Too Frequent Test of the Finanieal
Value of Tenpeuny Nalhs.
Something clinked on the bottom of
the Randolph street car, and an indif
ferently washed man, wearing bad clothes
and a worse face, groped about despair
"Oh, the poor fellow!" involuntarily
murmured a pale woman with eye
glasses and sympathy, "he just looks as
though it was the last nickel he had."
The other nine passengers looked ex
aessively sorry, and the tintinnabulations
of the. conductor's approaching bell
punch percolated through the gloom like
melancholy cadences from some distant
convent tower. 'The indifferently washed
man put on a poverty shiver as the con.
ductor came along
"My dime, sir, just fell through the.
foot-rack there on the floor."
"Right down there, sir; it went clean
out of sight."
"Yes, indeed, Mister Conductor," in
.terposed the little woman. "I saw him
"Never mind," said the Conductor, at
length, "here's your five cents change.
I'll find the dime when I take the car
into the barn."
Then everybody thought what a kind
man the conductor was, and the un
washed passenger debarked at the Hal
sted street crossing.
Not long subsequent he ascended in
to a Madison street transport, Some
thing clinked on the floor soon after.
"Fare, sir," said the conductor, in
terrupting the frantic search which he
was making among the intersticies of
"I've lost my dime, sir, and it--"
"'You are the--"
"Blanked tramp who worked
"Dodge on me last week."
The women screamed; the men
laughed; and he, fishing himself out of
the slushy snow, looked . unutterab!y
bankrupt as he spitefully cast away his
remnant stock in trade-a handful of
tenpenny nails.-Chicago News.
Beauty By No Xeans as Attractive as It
Is Supposed to Be.
Beauty in women is not to be under
valued, but it is easy to overvalue it. A
well-known employer, who has about
two thousand girls in his store and
work-rooms, was asked the other day
whether a pretty girl could sell more
goods than an ordinary-looking one.
After hesitation he answered, doubtful
ly: "Yes--if she has other qualifica
tions." Beauty alone, he said, Will not
lure the money from a careful customer;
and when a girl is too conscious of her
beauty, and is disposed to depend upon
it for her power to please, it becomes a
hindrance. The intelligent mind, the
winng manner, the earnest purpose,
are "the.bther qualifications which
It is much the same in the great affair
of marriage. Beauty alone is by no
,means the attractive force it is often
supposed to be. Dull, conscious, irre
sponsive beauty pleases but for a me
ment, and does nodt in that momem
please much. Itis the good, kind, friend
ly, capable girl whom we all like, and
who can soonest convert liking into
love. If, in addition to all these nice
qualities, she has the gift of beauty, so
much the better. But we can dispense
with that very easily when the heart is
gann d 5 nthe minld is intelligent..s. ,.
READING FOR THE YOUNG.
Something About a Very Curious Little
Animal and Its Habitation.
If any of my readers have ever seen
the boys of the "Country Week" re
turning from their week's run and roll
in the green fields, they will have seen
an amusing sight. These poor little
waifs, born in the slums of the city,
and most of whom have never seen the
verdant meadows or heard the gur
gling brooks, come back not only full
of delightful memories, but most of
them bringing some prize from the
treasure-box of the country paradise.
And the most valued of all prizes seems
to be a land turtle. Every little urchin
who has been lucky enough to secure
one of these' queer creatures clings to it
as proudly as if it was one of King
Solomon's jewels, while his less fort
unate companions gather around him
with curious and envious eyes.
Boys like turtles; that may be set
down as an axiom. Whether turtles
like boys is another question. A turtle
is not much of a thinker. Give him
something to eat, and let him alone
and he will get along almost any
where. And if disturbed too much h1
can shut himself up in his shell like~a
"jack-in-a-box" and laugh at his tbr
And, by the way, as most people
know the turtle mainly by the outside,
and as young and old folks generally
are interested in this comical creature,
some short account of what there is in
side the turtle's box may not be with
The turtle-or the tortoise, to give
the little crawler its proper name-is
not the only "animal m a box". Oys
ters, clams, crabs 'and many other
creatures are boxed-up animals. But
they all differgreatly from the tortoise,
which is, in fact, a very distant cousin
of ourselves; that is to say, it has a
backbone and ribs, as we have. The
lower orders of animals have no inside
bones; all their hard. parts are outside
their bodies. It is the peculiarity of the
vertebrate (or backbone) animals to
have their hard parts inside, while their
outside is of soft flesh, or is covered
with scales, as in the fishes and rep
,But the turtle is peculiar in that it
has bones both inside and outside. In
this peculiar animal the bones come
through the flesh, and spread over the
body outside. The turtle's shell is 1
made up of its backbone and ribs,
which are spread out broad and flat
over its back, the ribs joining at their
edges. This tent of bone is covered
with a thin, almost transparent, beau
tifully tinted coating, which is the tor
toise shell from which such pretty
combs, knife-handles, and like orna
mental objects are made.
The lower shell is made in the same
manner. Here the breast-bones comes I
out, and spreads into a broad, flat shell. a
Thus the tortoise is actually shut up i
in a box made of its own bones. This
is usually joined together above and
below, except where the head, tail arid
legs come out. And these can be with- I
drawn at will, and the shell closed by t
strong muscles, until the creature be
comes like an old-time knight shut up
in his iron box of armor.
The head is also covered with a coat
ing of horny plates, and the edges of I
these plates at the jaws do duty as I
teeth, since the tortoise has none of i
these useful organs. These horny jaws
are often saw-toothed, so that they cut
up food very well.
Our little land tortoise-Cisudo Caro- i
Itna, to give it its scientific name- i
is by no means confined to Carolina, (
but may be found everywhere along
the Alantic coast from Maine to Flori
da. It is very abundant in the pine I
forests of the South, and is familiar to i
almost everybody everywhere through- c
out the region named.
The shell of the box tortoise is about I
six and a half inches long by four and c
a half wide. It is more rounded than t
is usual with turtles, and has a remark- t
able variety of colors and markings. t
Its most common colors are yellowish- i
brown and bright yellow, but these are t
so variously arranged that it is nearly
or quite impossible to find two tortoises
In its wild state it feeds on insects, E
and probably on some species of plants; a
but when confined it veryquickly makes t
itself at home, and will eat nearly f
everything offered it, such as bread, I
potatoes, apples, and other oivilized e
One thing remarkable about it is its
wonderful length of life. We are not t
surprised to hear that the huge ele- 1
phant can live for two hundred years;
there is stuff enough in the great beast f
to keepit going for centuries. Yet it a
ishardto conceive that a little crawl- ti
ing ortoise can live as long as an cle- h
Sphant, though writers declare that it t
can. I doubt, however, if any single a
observer has watched a tortoise for two
There is one way of telling a turtle's l
age, and that is by cuttinga date on I1
its shell. The inscription will remain c
during its whole life. But as it is not a
uncommon for roguish boys to date a
such inscriptions twenty years or more h
back, they are not fully to be trusted, h
Yet all boys are not rogues, and we h
can relate one remarkable and well
attested instance of this character. Mi. 9
William Eyfe, a gentleman of Chester, a
Pa., relates that when he was a boy of ii
ten he caught a land tortoise and cut i
his initials on its under shell. Going l
out afterward for a ride, he took the t
tortoise with him, and left it at a place c
ten miles away. That was the last he I
saw of MasterTortoise until he was an t
old gentleman of seventy, when, to his 5
surprise, he found the identical creat
ure in his own garden. There were the Ii
initials, which he recognized as un- °
doubtedly his own handiwork.
In this incident, which I have good d
reason to believe actually occurred, the
long life of the little creature is only
one of the interesting points. It is 1
very remarkable that it returned to its
starting-point after sixty years. How t
far it had roamed during that long in
terval, what sights it had seen, and
what thoughts it had thought, are be- i
yond guessing. But back it came, r
after an average lifetime, to aee in his 14
old age the person by whom in hisbe
hood it had been marked for life.
There are some few other specimenh'"
of land tortoise in this country. There
is one on the western prairies consid
erable larger than ours. And in the
South there is a very large one, known
as the gopher turtle. This creature has
a shell nearly fifteen inches long, and
is so strong that it -can move under a
weight of two hundred pounds, so that
it might easily carry a man on its back.
It lives in under-ground burrows in
sandy forests, and does its prowling by
night, often making havoc in the sweet
potato and melon patches of the inhab
itants. So the good people of the Gulf
States do not altogether relish the
It is the water-turtles, the terrapins
of our fresh waters and the great sea
turtles which are the delight of epicures.
Of the fresh-water species we have sev
eral varieties, from a little fellow of the
waters of Pennsylvania and New Jer
sey not four inches long, to the great
and fierce snapping-turtle with a shell
nine inches and more in length. It is
said to have been taken of four feet in
total length, from snout to end of tail.
To kill this creature does not kill its
snapping propensities; the head will
live for hours after being cut off, and
has been known to snap a boy's finger
or the leg of hn investigating hen hours
after it ought to have been dead. It is
not a safe thing to throw the head of a
snapper in the grass as a trap for prowl
ing chickens or curious boys.
There is one other odd peculiarity of
tortoises and some other reptiles with
which we may conclude. If we want
to breathe freely, we open our mouth
to do so; but if the mouth of a tortoise
or a toad be kept open by inserting a
stick between its jaws, it will soop suf
focate for want of breath.
This may seem impossible, yet it may
be easily explained. All the higher
animals breathe by pumping the air
into and out of their lungs. We do
our air-pumping by means of the dia
phragm, a broad membrane below the
lungs, which moves up and down at
every breath, and opens and closes the
lungs successively. In the tortoise the
mouth s the pump. It takes in a
mouthful of air. Then it closes its
lips, contracts the cavity of the mouth,
and drites the air down into its lungs.
If the mouth be kept open, this pump
will not work, since, the air will rush
outward instead of downward.
This is one of the odd facts of nature.
As many fish can be drowned by being
fastened under water and not allowed
to come to the surface, so many air
breathers can be suffocated by being
placed in an ocean of air with their
mouths wide open.- Ck8arles Morris,
in Harper's Young People.
The Dautes mad BReponalbli Les of the Of.
Few persons uponi reading an ac
count of a post-mortem examination
stop to consider the importance of the
matter or the time taken up to do the
work of an autopsy. The post-mortem
surgeons are important officers, who
make. all the medico-legal examina
tions for the city, and are the medical
witnesses for the State in cases where
post-mortem examinations are re
quired. There are two post-mortem.
physicians in Baltimore, Dr. S. V.
"Hoopman, for the ten lower wards,'
and Dr. L. W. Councilman, for the
ten upper wards.
A reporter, wishing to witness the
post-mortem work, called onDr. Hoop.
man a short time ago just as he was
starting to perform such a duty. The'
case was a very important one, being,
one of the late murders committed in
the eastern section of the city. Ar
riving at the house, about twenty med
ical students were found, who ac
companied Dr. Hoopman to the room
where the dead body lay. A table was'
prepared by covering it with an oil
cloth. The clothing was removed from
the body, and it was placed on the
table. The doctor carefully inspected
the corpse and noted all wounds, which
in this case were found to be three,
two bullet-wounds and one knife-gash.
The head was first examined. An in
cision was made from ear to ear over
the top of the head, followed by a
gush of blood, which made
some of the spectators remember
that they were needed outside
for a moment. The scalp was refleoted
backward and forward and the skull
exposed. The skull was then sawed
around on a line with the eyebrows.
When the top of the skull was removed
the doctor took out the brain. The
beautiful organ, with its fissures and
convolutions, was a mass of blood, the
fatal bullet having plowed its way di
agonally through it. An inspection of
the neck showed that another bullet
had entered at the back, passed through
toward the front, severing the oarotid
artery and jugular vein. The next move
was to make a long incision from the
chin down to the navel The breast
bone was dissected and the heart and
lungs taken out for inspection. After
carefully examining the heart, the doc
tor remarked that "the columna car
nw, chordie tendines and auriculo-ven
triculie and semi-lunar valves are all
healthy." The lungs were found
healthy. A piece thrown in water
would not sink, which the doctor said
was a test for healthy lungs. The-.
stomaph, liver, spleen, pancreas and
intestines were all in turn carefully re
moved and inspected. All this com
pleted, the organs were replaced and
the incisions carefully sewed up. So
completely is this done that when the
body is dressed the fact of a post-mor
tem examination having been made Is
n "How many post-mortems have you
made during the yearP" askedthe re
" About forty, and bopl one hun
dred since I have been' ~a~ng post
Glancing at ~ the wateh'ait was found
that four hours had been occupied in
performing the interesting exsmina
ity ahnef ule
rooster has goratched.
otos of Iena mn the