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"The World is Governed Too Much."
HENRY L. BIOSIAT, Buinss Manager. ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 3, 1886. VOL. XLI.--NO. 43.
BE WHAT YOU AM,
Dare's a mighty sight ob differns
.'Tween de man dat goes erlong
'Thout pradin' ob his virtues,
An' a singin' his own song,
An' de chump dat makes folks weary
By a-blowin' his bazoo
'Bout de monstrous great big "I"
An' de little bit ob yo'.
Te firs' kin larn a lesson
In de rough an' tumble school;
De odder nebber kin ketch on,
Erkase he am a fool.
Mos' folks dey know dat he am like
A bladder full ob bref,
An' dat if he war simmered down
liar wouldn' be much lef'.
Jes'Imember dis, deah chillun,
To be jist what yo' am,
Iur de oyster's nebber tryln' to
BMake folks think he's a clam.
-Mort Wood, in Marerick.
BACK TO LEPER'S LAND.
A Daughter Overjoyed at Boing
There is a dreary, desolate region on
Rayou ,----, not very far from New
Orleans, which is shunned and dreaded
by all men.
It is not that the gray Spanish moss,
whose lugubrious festoons cover the
trees and hang their funereal banners to
the earth, seem to whisper Ito the slug
gish air: "Malaria! malaria!"
It is not because of the festering la
goons, with their green scum, broken
now and then by the flat, waving head
of a water moccasin, nor yet for the
ugly swamp stretching back, with its
fantastic lines, like monstrous serpents
twisting around the trees, and a green,
gluustly light filtering through the
densely-woven branches overhead and
playing on the brown water of the swamp
pools, like a witch's dance of light and
No; nature had done her part to make
that portion of Bayou L- hideous,
but a heavier curse rests upon it. It is
La terre des Leprcu e (Leper's Land).
Many years ago the dreaded disease
appeared on one of the Freneh colon
ists, shortly after Louisiana was settled.
lHe fled from his family and buried him
self in that wild region. His family
joined him there, either because some
other ihember was stricken or from
devotion, and one by one suc
cunmbed to the fatal plague. Mean
time other lepers had joined them, for
at one time there was a great many
eases among the foreigners, and Bayou
L- became a common refuge for
those pariahs. They cultivated the
,round, and took into their wretched
lives such enjoyments as lay in their
power. They were not forgotten by the
charitable. Catholic priests visited
them at intervals, carrying the dona
tions of the pious, and though mystery
enveloped the country of these hapless
beings, they were assisted whenever they
One morning I was sitting on abench
in Jackson Square, when I saw coming
out of the cathedral the good priest,
Father Raymond, holding a little girl by
the hand. They crossed the street, en
tered the Square, and approached the
bronze equestrian figure of the great
General near which I was sitting. The
little girl, a beautiful child she was,
about ten years old, was looking about
with a grave, pre-occupied air, which
seemed strange in one so young. Father
Raymond had been my friend from
childhood, and we were always happy
to meet, in spite of the difference in our
"What a lovely child that is, Father!"
I said, when the first greeting was over.
"Who is she?"
"Marie St. Cyr," he answered. "Go,
then, ma petite, and look at the flowers
and trees. Thou wilt find me here
when thou art tired. and we will go
Tihe child moved slowly off, not with
a buoyant, light step, but heavily. and
with evident reluctance.
"She is not sick, is she?" I asked.
"She looks so blooming! I never saw
a lovelier creature, withl those sunny
anuburn curls, and those soft gray eyes,
with their long black lashes. She can
not be sick?"
Thle priest shook his head gravely.
"She is not sick now, but there is lit
tle of the child in that ten-year-old
maidtln. You will understand me when
I tell you she comes from 'Leper's
Land.' Her father was attacked by lep
rosy tive years ago, anti his wife and
chlild foliowed him. Madame St. Cyr
has reason to believe that she has con
tracted the disease, and, having no rela
tives in this country, she has confided
the child to nlme. She wishes to give her
the' only chanIce to escape; perfect isola
tion from the lepers. She said to me:
"'It breaks my heart to part with my
darling, my only child; but we must give
her a chance. 'ather. she must never
see us again, even in our death hour.
I may have to live long, long years
without her, for leprosy kills by slow
inches, but I bid farewellto her forever.'
I think the death agony will be more
easily borne by the poor mother than
the separation from her child. She tried
hard to be brave, but it was a pitiful
courage. 'rhe father-poor wretch!
whoilse days are numbered, brokh down
utterly. He was afraid to touch his
child or caress her, for hands and face
are alike leprous, but he sank on his
knees and cried aloud amidst sobs:
" "O ma petite, never to see thy sweet
face again! never to hear thy voice!
God help me to bear it!' "
"And poor Marie?" I asked. "How
didl the child bear it?"
"She clung to her mother, screaming,
and refused to come. She can not un
dvrstand why she is banished. Site
knows, no one better, what a fearful
disease leprosy is, and that it will
soon kill her father, but she wants to
he at hmlue. It seems to her worse than
death to be separated from her parents.
Th'e St. Cvrs are people of education
andl retinement, so their situation is the
mre terrible on that account. They
have ample means, too, to provide for
E1:urie, and give her every advantage
"'But do you think she will escape the
disease?," He shrugged his shoulders.
"Who knows? At least her only
chance was this separation. It i4 not
Shereditary taint in the family,"
"I am tired, Father," said a mild 4
voice; and looking back, we saw Marie. |
I held out my hand, and made her sit
beside me. Her exquisite beauty seemed 1
almost tragic in the light of the sad 1
story. I had just. heard.
"Are not the flowers beautiful, Ma
rie?" I said. "And the birds and the
"Yes, madnlame," she answered, indif
ferently; "but they are not as pretty as
the big yellow sunflowers in mamma's
garden at home, and the red trumpet
blossoms in the swamp. And they have
no Spanish beard here" (Tilandsia
usnoides). "Ah! it was so prettyto pull
it from the trees and make soft beds-to
play on. Jacques and Elena and me,
we used to build real houses with it, and
dance 'la rondo' in them."
"And they dance in Leper's Land?' I
whispered to the priest. He nodded si
lently. The child, who was not shy,
went on talking gravely, and, as it
seemed, more to herself than to us.
"'But Elena can dance no more, you
know. mon Pere. Her feet are swollen
so big," holding out her hands. "Ah,
I want to see her, and mamma and
papa. You know, Pere Raymond,
manunma said may be you would have to
take me back."
Thepriest bent his head sadly.
"In one case, yes petite, but it will be
because the object of the separation has
failed. You must be good and patient,
as your mamma told you. Bid madame
good-bye, Marie, and let us go."
After that meeting, I made it a point
to see the child as often as I could. She
went as a day-scholar to a convent not
far from my boarding-house, and, with
Father Raymond's permission, often
stopped to see me. The child interested
me, not only for her beauty, but a lov
ing, sweet disposition. In looking at
her, I always seemed to see, like a vast,
formless shadow hovering over her
Ihead, the terrible specter of leprosy,
ready to clutch the sunny hair and
Instead of becoming more reconciled
to the separation from her home, she
began to pine with homesickness. Once
a week her mother wrote to her cheer
ful, even tray letters, which she brought
me to ream. - The tears sometimesblind
ed me as I read. I could feel the men
tal torture through the brave effort to
speak cheerfully. It was like a hymn
of rejoicing sung by martyrs while the
flames were consuming them.
"But mamma will not say when I am
to come back?" Marie said to me.
"No, I have read you every word; she
says nothing about it."
"But I can not stay away!" she cried,
burying her face in her hands, and
bursting into a passion of tears. "I
dream, dream all night of mamma, and
I when I wake up, oh, I cry so much, it
makes me sick!"
"But don't you want to obey manm
ma?" I asked. "She knows if you stay
at home you will be very ill and die,
r and she wants you to be well and
The child's eyes filled with passionate
longing as she cried:
"Oh, to be sick with mamma! why,
madame, that would be Heaven! Look
you, she takes me in her arms, and she
rocks me like a baby, and she tells me
- stories, and she kisses me all the time.
a Ah, mon Dieu, but that is all I want in
t the world! I shall die if I do not go
I soothed her convulsive sobs as well
as I could, but again and again the same
scene was enacted.
"She will die of home-sickness," I
said to Pere Raymond the next time we
r met. "Leper's Land is to her a paradise,
r and you will never weaken either her
memory or her attachments."
The good priest raised his reverent
eyes to the skies. "When our own wis
dom fails, why, we will have to leave
the matter in wiser hands. Some way
y will be opened for the innocent little
one. We will do our duty, and safely
leave her in her Father's hands."
"Are you not afraid to go among
those people?" I asked.
1"Afraid!" looking at- me with sur
prise. "It is not for a priest to hold
back where duty takes him. All places
r are good to us where we can do the Mas
Ster's will. My allotted duties call me to
Leper's Land, and if the deaths increase
1 as they have done within the past year,
I will take up my abode there. It will
not do for man's outcasts to die without
- the ministrations of God's ministers, and
.1I that has happened more than once."
S"And Madame St. Cyr, is she much
"No; the disease progresses slowly
I with her, as it does with most. Years
r elapse while it is movingby inches. Her
- husband is near the end, but the domi
- nant idea with both is to give Marie her
I one chance of escape. Such scenes as I
r go through there! Between the mother's
agonized cry for her darling, whom yet
she will not see, and the child's yearninmg
y for her parents, my heart is wrung all
e the time.
r The next day I left New Orleans and
did not return for a month. A few
s hours after LI arrived, Father Raymond
v called, and my first glanbce at him told
me something had happened. "How is
e Marie?" I asked instantly, feeling as
n suredl that the gloom on the good priest's
d usually cheerfit face had something to
11 do with his little charge.
"I take her to her parents to-morrow."
a "Then she is"-the word stuck in my
S"A leper, yes," he answered, sadly.
s "A few days after you left she was taken
ill, but only a day or two ago the fatal
t sign appeared on her arm."
There was a long silence. I could not
speak for my tears, and Father Ray
r mond, with bent head and mournful
eyes, seemed praying to himself.
"How does she bear it?" I asked at
e "She is perfectly happy. That seems
1 the saddest thing But I can not talk of
1 it yet. She wishes to see you this even
a ing. There is not the shlightest danger
n yet, for the disease is just beginning.
S "Of course I will come," I said.
When I entered Marie's room, she ran
e to meet me. She was positively radi
y ant, her beautiful eyes shining, her
r cheeks rose-tinged, looking like an in
Scarnation of health and happiness.
"I am so glad you have come back!"
ashe cried. "I thought I would go home
without seenmgyou. Iwon't kiss you,
Sfor they say I[have leprosy, and that is
L the reason I am going back to mamma
and papa. Oh, I am so glad!" and she
clapped her hands and laughed as I had
never heard her laugh before. Did ever
a mortal before rejoice at being attacked
by a loathsome and fatal disease? Could
the child understand what was before
her? As if in answer to my thought,
"I suppose the leprosy will kill me,
as it does the others, and make me ug
ly and dreadful like poor papa. But
then, you see, I shall be with them. I
don't mind anything when I think of
that. O madame, yam so happy!"
I left her smiling and full of joy at the
thought of home. A few weeks after
ward'Father Raymond told me of the
return to Leper's Land. The poor
mother fell back unconscious when she
saw her child. When she recovered,
Marie's arms were around her, Marie's
kisses on her lips.
"Thou, too, my darling!" she cried;
"thou, too! Oh, couldst thou not be
spared the curse?"
"I am glad, mamma!" Marie cried.
"I am glad, for it gives me back to
"I left them thus," said Father Ray
mond. "In time I suppose the mother's
anguish will soften, and she will see
that it is best for the little one to die
young. I shall be with them, for what
I anticipated has come to pass. I am
needed at Bayou L--, and the rest of
my life will be spent among the poor
outcasts. This is my last visit to you."
I parted with the good priest with a
heavy heart. Three years ago he was
brought to the CharityHospital stricken
with leprosy, and .died in a short time.
I saw a statement of the case published
in the records of the hospital, my first
intimation of the death of the good
man. Of Marie I have heard nothing.
Those who go into that mysterious
Land are isolated from the rest of the
world, and their terrible life-drama is
wrought out without spectators. God
knows how it went with the beautiful
child, but I hope death soon came to
her.-M. B. Williaris, in Youths' Conm.
The Undeveloped State of the Daily Press
There are about two hundred daily
papers in Italy. Nothing analogous to
the county or village newspaper in
America exists in the Italian peninsula.
As for the large cities and those of the
second and third class, they are amply
supplied, as will appear from the fol
lowng statement: There are in Milan
eight, in Rome twenty-three, in Venice
six, in Genoa six, in Naples seven, in
Turin five, in Florence five and in
Palermo three. Those in Milan are in
the most reasonable proportion, for
there are only eight,. and the population
is not far from 300,000, while
the people of Lombardy are the most
energetic and intelligent in Italy.
The twenty-three at Rome
arc the anomaly. Rome has a popula
tion of 160,000, or a little more than
half that of San Francisco, yet it has
three or four times the number of daily
newspapers. Of these the Romano
Popolo, a sort of Government organ,
has a circulation of 36,000. It is in
telligently edited and influential and
reasonable, like most of the journals of
the country, which, when they entertain
ultra-republican views like the Secolo, at
Milan, content themselves with mild ex
pressions of opinion, that the public
harmony may not be disturbed. The
Secolo, which is said to have a circula
tion of 140,000, is sqn everywhere in
Italy and .occasionally is sold at news
stands in France and SpaincIt .has a
reputation for ability, and enirprise not
only among its partistas but itsenenmies,
nd the. manner in which it is. con
ducted is more like that of a first-class
American than. any other journal in
Italy. The general distribution of news
papers indicates the prevailing degree
of intelligence in the localities wZere
they are published, Rome being a nota
ble exception. Naples, though having
200,000 more inhabitants than Milan,
has less daily newspapers, while Paler
mo, a great and important city, has
Ionly three. Genoa is about the size of
Rome, yet has but six dailies and an ig
norant reading constituency. The
greatest proportion of illiteracy is, of
course, found at Naples and down
through Calabria into Sicily, and here
there is notonly agreatly diminished cir
culation of newspapers, but of all kinds
of literature.-Parma (Italy) Cor. San
THE ISLE OF CAPRI.
An Autograph-Colleting Hermit in the
Villa of a Roman Emperor.
One of our walks in the Island of
Capri will take us to a very hlugh point,
on which are some ruins of the Villa of
Tiberius, the Roman Emperor. This
gentleman, having involved himself in
a great deal of trouble at home, con'
1 eluded to retire to this rocky island,
r where he would be safe from his
1 enemies, and \here he lived until his
I death, in the year 37 A.D. Capri must
Sliave been a very different place then as
- far as the manners and customs of its
s inhabitants are concerned. The Em
Speror built no lets than twelve hand
some villas in various parts of the
Sisland, and made all necessary arrange
Sments to enjoy himself as much as pos
sible. The villa which we are visiting
was one of the largest, and the remains
i of vaulted chambers and corridors
I show that it must have been a
very fine building. A short distance
t below it is the top of a precipice,
- from which, tradition says, Tiberius
I used to have those persons whom lie
had condemned to death thrown down
t into the sea. This was not an unusual
method of execution with the Romans,
and his victims must have met with a
f certain death.
SIf any of us really desire to see a her
Smit, we can now be gratified, for one of
'that profession has his dwelling here.
He probably does live here all alone, but.
I he does not look like our ordinary ideast
- of a hermit. He will be glad to receive
some coppers, and also to have us write
- our autographs in abook whichhe keep
for the purpose. A hermit autoaph
collector in the ruined villa of a Roman
SEmperor, on the top of a mountainous
Island in the Mediterranean, is some
Sthing we did not expect to meet with on
our travels.-Frank R. Stockton, is /I.
Where Prominent Republicans Stood in T
1869 on the Question of *"Executive
.Judging from Washington dis- to
patches, one of the most vociferous and g
thorough-going of Mr. Edmunds' lieu- ti
tenants in the contest of the Senate tl
with the President is General John
Alexander Logan, the son of thunder it
from Illinois, who never willingly lets ir
sllip a chance to lift up his voice and of
cry aloud. To-day, General Logan is ,
one of the most strenuous upholders of o,
the right of the Senate to investigate si
the President's reasons for suspending t<
Republican office-holders, and in inter- S
views with numerous correspondents 1
he manifests a disposition to insist on
all the rjghts which an extreme in
terpretat'on of the provisions of the r
Tenure-of-Office act confer upon the
It was not always thus. In 1869,
when the Tenure-of-Office act was
pending, General Logan was a member
of the House, and his views upon the f
propriety of the Senatorial prerogatives
were exactly opposite to those which
he holds now.
At that time General Logan fought g
in his fiercest manner the passage of
the present Tenure-of-Office act, and in
his most stentorian tones demanded its
abolition. His ideas upon the necessity
of a total change in the incumbency of
the offices were embodied in the follow
ing resolution, which he sent to the
Speaker's desk and asked to have
That all eiviloffmoes, except those of Judges
of the United States Courts that were filled by
appointment by the President of the United
States, by and with the consent of the Senate,
before the 4th of March, 8l8i, shall be vacant
on the30th day of June, 1809.
He denounced in round terms the e
power which the present Tenure-of
Office law could give the Senate. t
Among other things he said:
The Senate now provides for itself becoming
the executive branch of this Government, so
far as reappointing suspended officers is con
cerned. * * * It (the Tcnure-of-Oiflee bill,
then pending) doubly gives them the power
which they have wrenched from the co-ordi
nate branches of the Government in-reference
to patronage. I do not claim that this is a
contest for patronage, but It is a struggle for
power on the part of the Senate, and nothing
else. Althousrh I have maintained this law
(the Tenure-of-Office act of 1839, for which the
Tenuro:o-Ottice act now in force and then
pending is a substitute) to be constitutional;
although I have argued in favor of its consti
tutionality, yet I have believed and believe
now that it was passed for a purpose: not be
cause it was demanded by. the constitution,
but because there was a necessity for it (the
Republican necessity of bull-ragging Auidrow
Johnson). Having once been passed the Sen
ate are determined, seeing how well they can
hold that power in their hands, never to give
it up again for fear that if they give it up
now you will never give it back into their
General Logan, in the last part of
the foregoing quotation, "gave" the
secret of the passage of the present
Tenure-of-Office act "away." The
Republican representatives were al
most unanimous in favor of repeal.
and, of course, the Democratic repre
sentatives were to a man. So were
Sherman, Morton, Yates and others of
the Senators. But Trumbull, Edmunds
and Conkling were strenuous for main
taining "the dignity of the Senate,'?
and holding on to all the power they
had got into their hands; and they
were able to control a majority of thi
Senators by prtomising that the law
would not be enforced while Republic
an Presidents should continue to occu
py the White House. That promise
was kept. No attempt was made to
enforce the law until Mr. Cleveland be
Messrs, Hoar, Dawes, Cullom, Hale,
Cono-er and Allison ' were members of
the House with Logan and are now Re
publican Senators with him. They
acquiesced in his remarks and voted
with him in favor of repeal. Holding
such opinions in 1869, which, by the
way, are the simple truth, how do Gen.
eral Logan and the others above named
justify their present course? An ex
planation is in order if they have one
to give .
the doctrine which Senator Sherman
asserted to be true in 1869-that all the
important olfices ought to be in the
hands of members of the party in power
-is true now. The President has cer
tainly been moderate in making
changes, and there is no tenable ground
for maintaining 'that any greater ne
cessity exists for the enforcement of the
Tenuse-of-Office act than existed then,
when all these gentlemen were in favor
of abolishing it, because it might be
made to hamper the President in the
exercise of the executive power which
rightfully belonged to him. The fol
lowing was the language of one of the
leaders of the Republicans of the House
in 1869, which General Logan, Senators
Hoar and Dawes and the rest indorsed:
We have now before us a proposition to
elothe the Senate with power to control the
appointments made by the Executive. Now,
I hold that it is against the principles of this
Government that its executive officer shall be
called upon to do work when he can not con
trol independent of the officere to do that
work. * * * Why do I prefer the Exeou
tive to the Senateo The Executive is respon
slble. Any olncer can be called beforehlim
and the lExecutive can say to him: "Why do
you do this?" Any representative of the peo
eI can call an unworthy officer to aooount
before the President. But the Senate sits
there, one Senator being a shield for another.
You go to a Senator and say: "Why was not
this man turned out?" The answer is: '"Oh,
the Senate refused to turn him out." Eacho
Senator is able to make the same answer to
such an inquiry. You can hold no man re
By the constitution, the Senate has
the right to advise and consent, or to
refuse to advise and consent to the
President's nominations. When they
undertake to go further, and seek to
interfere with his right of removal, as,
under the lead of Mr. Edmunds, the
Republican Senators are seeking to do
now, they are overstepping the consti
tutional boundaries of their power, and
the President will be sustained by the
country in his refusal to comply with
It must not be forgotten that Sen
sators Sherman, Allison, Hoar, Dawes,
Cullom, Logan, Hale and Conger are
on record as professed believers in'the
right of the President alone to control
the removals, and that Senator Evarts
has solemnly declared that the inter
ference of the Senate in such matters
is unconstitutional. Yet they are now
asserting the right of the Senate to re
store suspended Republican office
holders to office. Circumstances alter
osses with them, and all regard for
consistency is fluno to the winds--Bos
The Attempt, Through Pension Bill, to
Capture "the Soldier Vote."
The figures which are given in a let
ter from Commissioner Black to Mr.
Randall, chairman of the Appropria
tions committee, relative to the cost of
the schemes now proposed for Con
gressional action in regard to increas
ing the pension list are simplyastound
ing. They afford a striking exemplifi
cation of the thoughtless way in which
wild plans are mooted on sentimental
or other like grounds, without any con
sideration of the enormous expenditure
to be thereby entailed. It is fair to
suppose that if the data for, the calcu
lation of the cost were within the
knowledge _of the authors of such
schemes, and were duly considered in
regard to their .practicability, they
would never be submitted.
The inquiry of the chairman of the
Appropriations committee had refer
ence to two points--first, as to the cost
resulting from the extension of time
for filing applications for. pensions un
der the acts of January and March,
1879, and second, as to the probable
cost of repealing the limitation in re
gard to filing applications under those
acts. The Commissioner shows that
the cost resulting from the extension
of time referred to in the first branch
of the inquiry has amounted to $259,
873,972 up to July 1, 1885. In regard
to the second branch of the inquiry he
says that if the limitation as to time
imposed by the acts referred to be re
moved, all pensions will begin at date
of the soldier's discharge, and that the
result will'be an increased charge on
the treasury of $75.000,000, to pay pen
sioners now on the roll; and he esti
mates that the number who would be
entitled to be entered on the roll would
increase that charge to $302,886,200;
that is, pension claims would swallow
up, in effect, the whole revenue of the
This is the gist of the Commissioner's
statement. It is directed with all the
force which a plain, statement of fig
ures can command against such reck
less propositions as that of Mr. Browne,
of Indiana, who desires to remove the
present limitation of the Arrears-of
Pensions act to January 1, 1886. The
cost of carrying this scheme into effect
would be something over $300,000;000.
If Mr. Browne had taken the cost into
account it may readily be believed he
would have long hesitated before ad
vancing so extravagant a proposition.
The truth is-and these figures loud
ly emphasize it-it is high time to call
a halt in regard to further extravagant
legislation for the benefit of pension
ers. No nation in history has acted so
liberally as ours toward its disabled
soldiers. What was generou'sly given
it does not now begrudge, but main
tains and pays faithfully. Not only
has the vast and expensive machinery
of a great bureau been called into ex
istence for the thorough consideration
of every case which should be present
ed, but, lest any deserving claimant
should be neglected, the time for
making application to share in the Na
tion's beneficence has been amply ex
tended. The money-limit of generous
and grateful regard has been reached.
In the matter of pensioning its dis
abled soldiers or their dependent sur
vivors, the Nation .has done its duty.
Congress has other duties to which its
attention is invoked by the most patri
otic considerations. It is not enough
to regard the past. It is requisite also
to secure the. present and to provide
for the future.
An evil feature in every new pension
proposal is the demagogic spirit
which it inevitably awakens. Congress
men vie with each other in propound
ing absurd plans for increasing pen
sions, which, if they were carried into
i effect, would bankrupt the treasury of
- the United States. Of course, many of
them are not even seriously intended,
and their real object is to ensnare and
I capture what is known as the soldier
Svote. But, like all insincere issues, they
Sexercise a delusive effect on the public
r mind, and a belittling influence on po
- litical methods.
SThe time has come for answering
I with a decided negative every proposi
- tion to increase the pension charges of
3 the Government whether the proposi
tion is inspired by demagogism or cor
r ruption. Congress has done its full
Sduty by the soldier, let it now turn its
3 endeavor to doing its full duty to the
1 people.--Washington Post.
3 DEMOCRATIC DRIFT.
S----William Walter Phelps says Mr.
Blaine will run again if he can be as
sured that he will receive the Irish
a vote. Oh, well, there will be no trou
Sble about that. And we dare siay Ben
e Butler will run again if he can be as
sured of the vote of Charles A. Dana.
N. Y. Graphic.
-c-There is nothing to refute the
claim of the Democratic members that
Sthey made no attempt to check an in
vestigation into the Cincinnati election,
. on which depended four Democratic
t seats. The names of these four mem
' bers accredited from Cincinnati have
Sbeen arbitrarily struck from the roll by
the Lieutenant-Governor, and the Re
Spublican minority, though not consti
o tuting a quorum, is attempting to usurp
e the authority of the Senate.-St. Louss
o ----The Seoond Comptroller has
s, made a report on the accounts of the
e Sigpal-ServoieBureau. The investiga
o tion has exposed great extravagance,
i. flagrant violations of law, and arbi
.d trary assumptions of authority in the
e administration of that office for the last
i three or four years. After the fraude
and forgeries of Howgate, which are
1- still unpunished, it was at least sap
s, posed that common care would be ex
e ercised in redeeming the bureau from
oe the disgrace that had fallen upon it by
ol his crime. It now .appears that tht
ts liberality of Congress toward the Sig
r- nal Service by increased appropriationt
rs has been 'shamefully abused. Instea,
w of prudence and strict fidelity in it
e- management there his been~ scandaloun
e prodigality and deflaince of legal re
straints. We are in favor of Bignsal
>r Service reform. The service neea it
- and the e9untr7 demand i,-N Y.
HEAH ME ZEKEIL. a
Young man, deoan be too prebeus a
In a-comin' to de foah.
It nobber pays to lose de race
Erkase yo' feet git soah.
Jls' trabbel slow an' suah,
An' keep de straight, wide track. u
If yo' hurry up an' lose de way b
Yo'll shuah hab to turn back. d
YT nebber seen a saw log t;
Oat growed in a single day.
Firs' comes de seed an' grass, sab,
Befo' yon make de hay.
Da sprout it makes de saplin'. b
An' dat's what makes de tree. b
De brook it makes de ribber,
An' de ribber makes de sea.
El yo' wanter cldim' a flag pole ii
Yo' can't 'gin at the top.
Yo' must hab do flour an' grease, ash,
Befo' yo' kin make de sop.
De dog dat ohaws de ham bone
All fru do summer day
At las' will git dar, Zekeil,
An' deo marrer 'I be his pay.,
Ef yo' hol' yo' head so high, sah,
Dat yo' dean' kin see yo' feet,
Yo's boun' to mash yo' shins, gab,
On eberry stone yo' meet.
Doan think a man a fool, boy,
Erkase his face looks so;
Yo' nebbor kin look at a flea
An' tell which way he'll go.
An' do mule dat kicks de hardes' t
Am de sleepies' in de team;
It aln' de cow with the bigges' bag
Dat gibs de riches' cream.
Yo' better 'member die right hard
Jes' mark it on de slate:
It asn' de scrubby-lookin' boss
Dat allus gits dar late.
It am de man dat ain' steered
To work with han' an' foot
Dat gfts a tail-holt on success,
Like a bull-pup to a root.
-Mott Wood, in 'an Francisco Mavelck.
THE FARMER'S FISH.
Where He Came From-The Different
Klnd-Carp Ponds-How to Make Them
-How to Get the Fish.
Since the United States Fish Commission, 1
with that able gentleman SpencerF. Baird,
first sent out carp to be distributed by the
different State Fish Commissioners to
propag te the fish in ponds and elsewhere,
there has been a growing demand, until at
present the industry is of large proportions.
About thirty thousandpeople in this coun
FIo. I.-PARTI-SCALE CAMP.
try are now known to be engaged in the
The carp is a native of a section 6f the
central countries of Europe, and corre
sponding latitudes in Asia, but, on account
of its value as an article of food, haslong
been naturalized in many countries in
which it is not indigenous. Nofish, indeed,
except its congener, the gold fish, has been'
so much transported by man from one
place to another; and this has been the
more easily and successfully accomplished,
as the carp can subsist longer than most
fishes out of the water, if only kept moist.
The carp spawns in May and is out of
condition until July. Its fecundity is
greater in warm than in cold climates.
They are very prolific, more than seven
hundred thousand eggs having been found
in the ovaries of a single carp of moderate
size. Carp prefer quiet waters, with soft or
muddy bottoms. Their food consists of
aquatic plants, worms, etc. It becomes
quite tame and can be fattened on lettuce
and similar pet vegetables as well as corn
m'o. -.-PAmITScALE CARP.
mush boiled, potatoes and other articles
used on the table.
The carp is said to live to a great age,
even to one hundred and fifty or two hun
dred years. The carp deposits its spawn
There should be care taken in the culture
of carp. Like beginning any otherbusiness,
it should be done intelligently. The pond
should not be left in a crude condit'pn, but
should have all the necessary adjuncts to
It is said that much the larger quantity
of carp how sold in America are known as
the "scale" carp, being entirely or nearly
covetied with scalh. These come from:the
stock first imported from Germany. The
second lot of carp obtainedhby the Govern
ment were of the parti-scale type, called by
the Germans "leather," "mirror," "blue
back," but all of the same variety, the
larger portion of the body being scaleless,
and each succeeding year the scales grow
ing less. The parti-coloi~ed carp are the
kind sought after by people who under
stand carp culture. Figures 1 and 2 are
the parti-colored American food carp.
These are the best obtainable kinds. Fig
Ore 8 is the scalelesi kind and of the finest,
but not as yet generally introduced. No.
4 is the scale carp and is of the lowrst type.
WPM. IIL.-4ALELE55 CARP.
Carpmay be raised in any sized pond that
will havewater three to five feet deep. The
bottom should be of mud, so as to pro
duce a good growth of aquatic vegetation
on which the carp may subeist. The sides
Sof the pond should not be built up with
a wood or stone masonry if it can be
SIn regions where the ponds freeze over in
Sthe winter, a hibernating ground should -be
made. This should be the deepest place in
| the pond, and should be from six to eight
feet deep, with a goodbed of soft mad at
Sthe bottom. When cold weather sets in the
Scarp will make their way into this ground
and remain until spring. No other fist
should be placed in the pond, nor should
' water fowlbe given hfreedom'tn it. A sliuce
y should be putin each pond to regulate th
e depth of the water and to draw the wateu
o. off. The discharge should bel from the
L bottom. Wire cloth maybe placed at thi
d bottom of the sluice to prevent the carp es
Scaping. Some carp culturits divide theiat
Spondsdnto three sections with a deep plao
sear the outletof each.
" Crp may be prevented from ,eecpain
1 rom mill dam by placing wire zetinj
' along where the water overflows. Thi
•. may be removed on the advent of sever
1 weIt ?herso th@ it w1 9tg be carrie
away by the ice in the spring. It can be'
replaced before the carp leave their hibern
Carp must have air in the winter when
the pond is covered with ice to keep them
from suffocating.. A very simple device
will obviate suffering to the carp. Take a
barrel and shove it three-fourths its length
down in through the ice, the open part of
the barrel downward. Bore holes in the:
top, and cover well with straw. In this,
way the air escapee through the straw andl
barrel to the water, and the water in the
barrel will not freeze.
To keep thieves from dragging a pound
with nets, take poles three or four inches
in diameter, cut them so that they may be
driven well into the bottom of the pound.
vie. IV.--BCALu CAIIP (LOWEST TYPE).
Within a foot of the top have the poles
niched on opposite sides and sawed two
thirds off. From these niches the pole
should project above the water about a
foot when driven in, so that when the pole
is properly in, the top may be broken off,
leaving the top under water about a foot,
as stated. They should be driven at an
angle of about twenty-five degrees, leaning
inward, at proper distances apart.
Carp may be sent for at any time, but
spring and fall are the best.
To get a supply, first address any of your
State Fish Commissioners. next the Con
gressman from your district, and if these
fail, write to Spencer F. Baird, United
States Fish Commissioner, Washington,
To prepareearp fora market, theyshould
be placed in a box and fed a sufficient time
to fatten and tp remove the taste of mud
or vegetable matterfrom the flesh.-Toledo
A' NEW GUESSING GAME.
Some Carious Speculat-ons as to "Un
There is an ingenious article on "uncon
scious counting" in the January number of
the Gartenlaube, in which the writer, Herr
W. Preyer, points out that the-ability pos
sessed by every grown-up person of ordi
nary intelligence to distinguish three, four
or even five objects at a glance and without
being conscious of counting them, may by
practice be perfected to such a degree that
it becomes quite as easy to coint ten ob
jects'as it is to count three, and that it is
possible to give the exact number up to
thirty objects at a single glance. As an ex
'ample of the latter attabiment, the -writer
points to the well-known arithmetician
Dase, who died in 1861, and who declared
that he could count thirty; objects of the
same kind as quickly and easily as other
people could count three or four. The
truth of the astertlon wqs often proved
when Dase, with lightning rapidity, gave
the correct number of a herd: of sheep, of
the booksin a library or the window-panes
in a large house. The number of Dases is
probably such that, were all ithe Dases of
the world put together, even an untrained
arithmetician would .without, difficulty
give their correct number unhesitat
ingly; but there is ' no doubt
that practice would do much even
for those people who are naturally
gifted with arithmetical powers. And prac
tice, after all, is nothing;but: patient, at
teptive repetition, in which the dullest may
join with the brightest. Apart, however,
from the utility of this new branch of
science, the method of teachingitissuch that
if it is only practiced as a game it may af
ford amusement in many a juvenile and
family circle. The test of how far one can
count at a glance is easily made by putting
several small objects, such as coins, pins or
matches, under a sheet of paper, then lift
ing the paper for a second and looking at
the objects, and after covering them again
givesn estimate as to their number. At
first it will be founddifflcult to fix the num
ber if there are more than three to five ob
jects, but the eye becomes very soon ac
customed to distinguish between larger
numbers, so that after a short time eight
or nine objects will be counted by the eye
withthesamefacility. Careshould, however,
be taken that the counting isnot done con
sciously, for that would take far too much
time; the number of objects should only be
valued. The mistakes which are at first
frequently made in this guessing game
will become rarer and rarer, and almost
atny body can become an >expert in rap
id counting up to ten objects. After
that it becomes more difficult. The
sensation, says Herr Preyer, of a person
prifticed in unconscious counting, when
looking attentively at larger numbers of
objects, is that their nuinber shoots rapid
ly through the head. To acquire this
method of counting black spots should be
made on white squarepiees of cardboard.
Sfirst symmetrically and in small numbers,
as, for instance, the following. After
O 0- O
0 0 0
Swards their number may be increased
* and their position altered. It will also
- be good practice to open a book, cover
part of the page, rapidly look-at the lines
left uncovered, and to goeas at their num
ber. It is astonishing how soon the eye
gets accustomed to thenombers.. The more
advanced "unconscious cotbnter"'should
practice on spots not regularly arranged,
o o o
0 O0 0
" 0 0 0 0
e o - o -
Sh which is much more dificult at first. Herr
SI Preyer concludes his interesting article with
the remark that unconscious counting, like
in |all other oft-repeated processes, such as
be lifting the hat as a token of salutation, be
in comes at last an entirely mehanical process.
it to which we have only to add that if it does
at not become easelerthan the commonformof
he I salutation appears to be to a large part of
id male hat-wearers, ite success as a branch of
sh knowledge will not be striking, but as an
Id amusement it i sure to find favor.--PaI
ice Mall Gasette. -
Where the Maind Wa.
he Iladignant 8tookholder--It is an outrage
heous awindle, st r, .
SPresident Great Fraud Mining Company
r --What is a swindle?
"Your mino, sir.' Yon havea'any mine."
ng "Yes; there's amine." .
g "Where is it, then?"
his "Here. You putito yonraoney atd lost
ere it. What was yog i h uw-aine. See!"'sr
led Philadelphia a