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THE WVORLD IS GOVERNED rO0 IMUCH.
VOL. 50.1 ALEXANDRIA LA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 31.. 05. NO. 30
The Louisiana IDemocrat
PLI'IIEI) EVI'RY WIEDNSESDIAYI
Ollicial Journal of the City of Alexandria
Ollicial Journal of the Sehool Board.
MOBLEY & CO. - Propr's.
W. G. IOBLEY, - - Editor.
TERMS OF SUI3SCRII'TION:
One Year .......................7.3 ce tý.
Six Months ....................50 cents.
PAYA\I:I. IN ADVANCE.
Inch:e.ýl lo.' 2 I sO. ;:3 mos. 1~es 1 : 1ear
1 inch,. $1 50 $:3 00i $1 00 $6 00'w10 O1i
2 " 2 50 4 50 6 00O 10 4). 15 'Si
4 " 6 00 S 001 1( 00 15 0I: 20 00
6 " 8 10 1o (II! 15 0l 20 00 25 00
8 101 00 1500 20 00 :10 01 35 00
4 col'ln. 13 : 00, 23 01 :10 (I lo) r100 60 00
1 " 25 001 35 0(o 15 00 0o 0c 0too (1
'ransient advertiselllents $1.00 per
sqnare for lirst insertion, 50 cents for
each salllseqllent illsertion1.
All advertisemlnts of a politieal na
tllre must he paid fTor in advance.
All notices ofa personal charaLter will
be charged for at the rate of 15 cents
Marriage and obituary notices, not ex
ceeding ten lines, will he pnhlisled free:
exceeding ten lines, will be charged at
Personal cards, double regular rates.
Coiuniinieations solicited, but we dis
claim any responsitii ty for the views 01
oorrespondlllts. All communIIlications
must he sent ill by Satunrday, otherwise
they will have to lie over for next issue,
Corresponldents mllust invariably senll
us their real as well as assumed names.11111.
A failure to comply with this rule will
consign all such COmn uniations to the
I lYou do not receive your paper reI
ylarly, either by mail or carrier,
I please notify us inunediately.
I YouF wish your paper discontinued,
notify us at once, without callihg
upon the Post Master, to dis
chlirge this unpleasant duty for you.
self or a friend, we will take
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ollice and the post ollice to which
you wish the paper changed.
RAIIAROA1) - TIMEl - TABLE.
TEXAS AND PACIFIC
No 53 Arrives ............... 4:10 p. tI
No. 5L " ................ :1:05 a. i
No. 51 Departs ................ .:15 a. In
No. SG Arrives ................. 9:1-I a. IIn
No. 52 " ................12::10 at. iI
No: 52 Departs .................2:20 a. In
MORGAN'S LOUISIANA AND TEXAS:
Leaves Alexandria .............9:05 a. mn
Arrives at Alexandria ..........7:-I5 p. I
L'First-class fare front Alexandria to
New Orieans by either of above named
roads costs $5.80.
HOUSTON, CENTRAL ARKANSAS AND
No. 221-Arrives ..... .....11:15 p. nI
No. 222-Departs .............. 4:30 a. it
KANSAS CITY, WATKINS AND GULF.
Passenger No 1
Arrives at Alexandria..........11:I5 a mni
Freight No 3
Arrives at Alexandria......... 4:00 p ni,
Passeniger No 2
Leaves Alexandria ............12:15 p mn
Freight No 4
Leaves Alexandria .......... 6:60 a. m.
Nos 3. and 4 carry passengerrs. All
trains ldaily, except Sundaly.
CORNER FOURTHI AND SCOTT STS
CAREFIUL ATTENTION (IVI N. I have
one of the handsomeest hearses. in C'n
tral Louisiana, and a supply of metal
lic and other coffins. P'rices very rea
sonable. Telegratus promptly attend
ed to night or day.
ROBT. P. IIHUNTEIR,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW
1" Oltico corner of Third and Lee
G EO. 0 WATTS
- and -
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
00 YOU ( 4
Situation? QZCýtO t
S. W. Cor. Main & Upper Sts., opp. Court House.
WILBUR R. SMITH, PRESIDENT,
Refrenc0 successful graduates, in
Reference cluding 110 in lltks.
Award of T:edal anid Diploma at World's
Exposittin for Hook-keeping, etc.
A Thorough. Inlluentiil and Honored
College. Inndireds of students in attendance
the Ipast year, from 20 states.
IBuinc Coarse consists of Book-keeping
Business Arithmetic. Penmanship, Cotlnmrrciai
Law, Merchandising, Banking. Joint Stock,
Manufacturing, Iectures, Business Practice,
Mercantile (Correspiondenc'e, etc.
Coslt of FaUl HuC i ness Course, includini g
Tuition, Stationery and Board in a nice tamrily,
Shorthand. Typewriting and Telegraphy
are apeclaities; have special teachers and
rooms, and can be taken alole or with the Busi
Speciai department for ladies.
Situations.--The demandl for our gradnates in
different departmentsa of this College has ex
ceeded its supply.
The Princlpal of the Ilanking Depart
ment tof this College has! been :i Itirector andl
Vice-President of a hank for a number of years,
and refers to lnearly is) former pu pils loiW hb;oling
positions in banks as t'rosidents, Vice-P'resitdtus,
Cashiers, Book-keepers, etc.; line in Lexington
The Priniepnl of time Pl'houngrpi,r e De
pirtmentsIt i hndhrncd as an tic tirate andl pir:ati
cal stenograph r ill takllng verbalti reports mpho
netieally, arid us a r;ousl i;ngu sh scholalr -endlorsed
by the c'lty. Cor:linty al ('otomohvwenltth Attor
neys, Jludile tiii score of oilither leading attor
neys of this city who have employed him.
The Principal of the Teleruphle De
partmnont of this College was for a nu:mber of
years an operator, pirinci tal clerk. ngent, etc., for
the L. & N. It. It.. nand lwhose quali tication is eu
dorsnil by the liading o:licers of that rsadl.
The other Teatchers of thin College in
Book-keeping, Busines, Aritbmetic. Pentman
shipl. etc., are expcrriencoidl and ifl·cient.
This College is Established and relies on its
clear record of over a quarter (iof a century. sie -
sponirilc andi exalctiq as represented, and oIIlorseed
by Its thousands of former punpin for honmitl .l(l
conscientisous uorkl, anrd who Inlituence nitinally
h)uudcerrls of their relatioins and friellls to uattend.
No Business ("oilcre In Asueriea can refer
to more distinguished andl sucecssful graduates
than this College. Our catalogues have letters of
endorsement by representatives of One tlluntired
Ofticials, includillg a Lieutenant-iovernor, ('on
gressman, Attorney-Oeneral. Jutdges. Melmbers of
Legislatures, etc. also One illtidred Ilank em
ployes. One hundred foriier stludents holditng
the higheot and most lucrative positions In this
lhe Kentucky University Diploma, n ider
seal. Is awardeid the graduates of this ('olege.
Kentucky Unaiversity is the outgrowth of
the Transylvania Ul:iversity, founded over 101
years ago. Assets ove(r '100,00.
Literary ('Olluse Free. Students of this Col
lene h ave thel perti efic of receiving inlstrulctlon ill
the Literary fDepartmentt of Kentuc:ky t[niversity
for the remainder of the sessiont int which they
graduate, free of charge.
Lexington, Kf., the location of Prof. Smith's
College, is noted for Its healthfullness and fine
climate; has 25 churches and 11 banks. Access
ible by its many railroads.
No vacation. Enter now. Graduatessuccess
ful. For circulars address Its President,
WILBUR R. SMITH, Lexington, Ky.
H E AR
What a Prominsi nt Citizen and
HAS T'O SAY ABOUT
-- FoRt -
Beots, Colic nud Tymil:nites in
hlorses, 3IaIcs andli
I have used D)r. Sylvr, ter's Spe
cific for BIts, Cohic atl Tyipita
lsites ini h1orses tii allirstI . I fiud
its elf·ect mlrvlt s--iacs like a
dies, but nothing coisnes uip to thi:s.
FOR SA.LE AT
Eagle Drug Store, - - .1. GCeiger
YOU CAN lIE CURED WHILE UIING IT.
Thie habit of using tobacco grows on Ia
imall until grave diseased colnditiolls are
lroduced. Tobacco causes enncer of the
mouth and stomach; dyspslepsiia: loss of
incmiory; nuctvotis affections; congestion of
the retina; and wasting of the optic
inerve, resuilting inll ilnpl:lirnictlt of vision,
evcli t ttthe extent of blinduess; dizziness
or v-rtigo; tobacco asthma;i nightly sufl'o
cation; dull pain in tihe region of the
Il:art, followed later by sharp lpais, lpl
pitatitu and weetketed pulse, result
ing in fatal hear t disease. It also causes
loss of vittlity.
QUIT BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.
To quit sudcemily is too severe a shock
to til- systeihlt. itolbcire-to-to an i'ivet r
teitt Isr, bictnwtiot's it sitilulttnt that his
sstetlll ollliliially craves. "tIACCC'
C:U;iO" is a scitcntific alnd retliallo \vegi
tiabl titelsdy; guairaitteeI to .bt tnrfecly
huIitl.sh; and which ih:i hen ii use for
tihe list 2:1 yealrn, having eured t lihousands
of haitial -I obaitico niet's--IsIIoke.urs, chew
ers and Stit i-dip r i .
YOU CAN UbE ALL THE T'OBACC(I
e YOU WANT, V\'ILA.E TAKING "BACCO
CIUO." IT WILL NOITIF¥Y ol' W\lhEN
1 ') ITOP. WE GI E A \\VI'TTEN
GUAlaANTIll- to permanently cure ny
(ate swiih thrie boxes, or ret'tllltd the
oltIn sy with 10 per ceit. iuterest.
"IACCtO-('CLIO'O" is not a snbstitute,
but a relibltile and sciei itific cutb--whichb
atlslhtely dlestroys tho craving for to
bacco wsithouttt thi aid tif s\ill powecr, and
with nIo incoivtnieillluce. It leaves the
systeu as ~urle and frc frolut ulcollicn, as
the day yon tookl your tirst ohclo or
Sold by :ll druggists, at $1.0 perthIox.
Ilthree bixcs, (thirty days tre;atiiicnt, and
G(i U A'sATEED CURE,) $2.50, or sent
dircit 1upon receipt of price. SENI) SX
'I'\VO-CEST ' STAMPS FOR SAMPLE
hiOOKLET AND) PROOFS FREE.: Eure
I Chemicat l & Manufactiriiig Ctimipaiy,
M tllnulactdritllg Chellljsts, L:aC.rosse, \Wis
A LOVE SONG.
In thl spring-when lilies came
And ren.'u, set thu woods afiame
All thv world with love's delight
F4led anid d glowd from dawn till night.
All da:y 1,1ag the happy birds
Sang and sang and found no words,
Andi my heart the whole day long
.ag to thee: a wordless song.
Wi, n the roses vwhite and red
On the winldi their fragrance shed,
Through a 'torld of sunliglht went
Love and laughiter and content,
And my heart from leafy Juno
:aught and kept the strange, sweet tune;
Br",:,k ant I branch and bird and boo
Sang of thee, my sweet, of thee.
Now, whe'n goltlen autumn fills
The' irp:r wine cup of the hills
'1,i1 their happy hbar'vasiig
ti-il of hlue the rapers sing;
Win n the Ilao;er wheel and fly
ill' , ; a.:Ir t the ehiring 'ly,
In my heart the old refrain
Swells and falls and swells againu.
When winter comies with icy breast
An 1 hlily flathing in his cre.t,
All loci 'es -l:rs;l' sweet are gonlu
Rav, th_ ro'€ n. 110 alone
Ii!n.s hips mu-.ic, sweet and strong.
D: aith- alc' C"an still his song.
LIlto thi r.bnm s, slall I
Sai" t'o thee, l rv, till I diel
-D. J. '.Abert.on iin New York Ledger.
Lewis Gaylord Clark, for nearly
30 years the editor of the once well
known and popular Knickerbocker
MaIgazino and the intimate friend
of Wa :-hin gion Irving, told many
amu-sing little stories in the "Gos
sillp"'' which he printed from time to
One evening he took his custom
ary walk betweeon Dobbs Ferry and
"Sunnysidio" cottage and wrote that
on the occasion he reovived imany
pl,::lliant memlories, noticing, among
other things, that where he and
Washington Irving had so often
sauntered there had lately sprung
up two or three small villages.
He found the farmers mowing the
sides of the aqueduct in several
places where it ran through the
meadows, clipping its steep sides to
theovery top. The balmy air and
the new mown hay evidently roused
a spirit of rural ambition in him,
and he bhcgcd one of the farmors to
allow him the privilege of wielding
After a few vigorous cuts Mr.
Clark was ·seizod with a' conviction
that the "noblemnan of nature" was
viewin' his jproceetdings with undis
guised scorn. He was confirmed in
this opinion a moment or two later
when the farmer expressed his son
"You don't know ncthin about
mowin in our style," he remarked
cointemrptuousliy. "In ihsl-o parts
we don't generally care to slico the
stones like :1 cucumber. You can't
1 leekly tlo editor surrend'ered the
borrowed scythe and left the rows
of sweet scented haycocks to pursue
his walk in a humbled frame of
Drunkards In Denmark.
The police in Denmark haven cu
rious way of dealing with the drunk
and incapable found in the streets.
They summon a cab and place the
patient inside it, then drive to the
station, where he gets sober, then
homole, where he arrives sober and
sad. The agents never leave him
till they have seen him safe in the
family bosom. Then the cabman
makes his charge, and the police
surgeon makes his, and the agonts
make their own claimn for special
duty, and this bill is presented to
the host of the establishment where
the culprit took his last overpower
Tihe Ipublicans, however, have in
several towns protestoed against this
system. They say the proofs are
often insufficient and the police sur.
goons too summary in their exami
nation; further, that many notorious
evildoers sham drunk in order to
get the landlord into trouble. They
therefore claim that they shall have
their own doctor to examine certain
cases and defend the publican inter
Not What He Expected.
Convalescent-I was surprised,
sir, at the amount of your bill
Physioian-WIIy, I thought I made
it pretty small, considering the
length and serious nature of your
Convalescent-You did, sir. As I
was going to say, the bill seemed to
me quite reasonablb.-S-omervillo
Humboldt gave it as his opinion
that the earth contained 56,000 spe
cies of plants, 51,000 species of ani
mals, 44,000 species of insects, 4,000
species of birds rid 7,000 species of
Chateau Nouf du Pope, the cele
brated vineyard of the Avignon
popes, which was quitoe destroyed by
phylloxora, is again in full bearing.
Its wines are famous in France.
A charactcr which combines the
love of enjoyment with the love of
duty and the abilityv to perform it
is the one whose unfoldings give the
greatest promise of perfection.
The arrows of sarcasm are barbed
with contempt. It is the sneer in
the satire or ridicule that galls and
The first of the "canals of Mars"
was discovered in 1877 by Professor
Seliaparelli,astronomer of the Royal
obiservatory at Milan.
RUSES IN WAR.
How Sonie Oreat Things Have Been Done _
It may be interesting in view of
the recent war between China and 1
Japan to show a few of the "tricks 'v
of the trado"-in other words, a few o
of the peculiar stratagems which -y
have been successful from time to t
time in past years. t
Pampeluna was lost to the Span- '
iards in a curious way. The French ir
troops stationed in the district were
all allowed to onter the town occa- t
sionally for ftheir provisions, and I
this foraging party gradually in- a
creased in number. One day on ar- r
riving in town they started snow- 1
balling each other, and as the ox- i:
citemont increased each soldier from
the outside kept joining in the bat
tle. Comrades armed rushed in ap
parently to share the sport, but I
when a sufficient number of the
French soldiers had been introduced r
the guards at the gates were seized, i
and the remainder of the army eq- r
tored the town to complete the con. i
About the same time the French I
gained access to San Sebastian by. i
anather clever artifice. The general
commanding the French soldiers ob- c
tained permission from the Spanish f
commander to send the sick of his 7
army into San Sobastian. Ho seems t
to have had a large number of men i
sick and in need of sea air, for on
receiving permission he sent upward I
of 2,000 to the hospitals. I
They were bandagod in every con
ceivablo way, and some had their
arms supported by slings. The Span
iards afforded every accommodation
and finally allowed 500 to beo placed
in the citadel. flaving beeoon thus
far successful, it only remained for i
these presumably poor, dying crip
ples but otherwiso healthy soldiers, I
to leave the hospitals one morning
before daylight and take possoasion 1
of the fortifications, and this they 1
did before the bewildered garrison I
realized that the soldiers thjitithey
had so cnrefilly tended were not
friends, but enemies.
The Americans once played a.neat
trick upon an English fleet. The 1
ships in question were threatening
a part of the American coast when
it was rumored that a man had,dis
covered a combustible'which could
be easily transmitted to the floet and
ignited, and which would produce
terrible results. Of course the in
formation was conveyed to the Brit
ish commander, and no doubt he
was sadly disturbed in consequence.
At any rate, one day several barrels
were sot afloat in the direction of
the vessels, followed by a man with
a complicated arrangement in a
boat. On nearing- their destination
one of them exploded, whereupon
the fleet shipped anchor and depart
ed in great haste. The inventor had
done his utmost, however, for. the
remaining barrels were harmless.
It is said that once when the
French made a descent on the coast
of Walesthey wero held in check for
some time by a rather peculiar strat
agem. The women, who then gen
erally wore long rod cloaks, were
collected and marched among the
hills in full view of the ipvaders,
and as they kept appearing in differ
entpoints it gave the idea that there
was a considerable number of sol
diers near at hand. The French
were somewhat afraid of attacking,
and as a sufficient force was soon
collected to repel them they took
their departure in a hurry.
In another case a besieged city,
short of provisions, was on the point
of surrendering, as it was found im
possible to convey a message outside
for help. In those straits a young
man volunteered to pass the enemy
and if possible obtain assistance. To
do this he left the city with a bridle
in his hands, and mixing with the
invaders asked if any one of them
had seen his horse. In this way be
got through their ranks and was the
means of getting the city delivered.
A Moorish general on one occasion
rallied his troops in a very simple
manner. They were beginning to
retreat when he sat down in a field,
deblaring that he would there wait
for death, seeing that he was for
saken by his troops. They were
ashamed of their conduct, and re
turning ultimately gained the victo
The Smr I Boarder.
It doesn't pay to be too funny. A
man who formerly boarded at a
Maine hotel used always to call for
"old hen" when he saw chicken on
the bill of fare. The table girl and
cook thereupon prepared for him,
and whenever chicken was servted
an old hen also was . provided, and
this particular boarder always got a
generous piece of that. After this
order of things had continued for
three months without the boarder
suspecting the joke, one day he called
the waitress to him and told her he
was getting sick of old hens, and
he'd like to have a taste of chicken.
"Very well," was the reply, "you
can have it, but you ordered old hen
regularly, and as this house always
pleases its guests when it is possible
we've been giving you what you or
dered. "-Phillips Phonograph.
Zn the Provinces the Natives Confound All T
Thoro is nothing more maddening.
ly irritatiing than to keep inquiring
without success for a particular thor
oughfaro or village and to find when
you have gone far out of your way
that your mishap is duo to the fact
that your pronunciation of the name
is utterly differont from the focal I
A striking example of miscalling '
thoroughfares may be taken from t
Wimborno, in Dorset. If you asked e
a native of that town for Leigh (Lee) t
road, the chances are as ten to one i
he could not direct yout aright, but 1
if by any possibility you happened '1
to give Leigh the local pronuncia- C
tion (Lye) he would put you on your t
way immediately. I
It is just the same with many vil- I
lages. Touring in Norfolk, you are
prone to go astray often if you are c
not careful. Hindolveston is com
monly called Hilderston; Aolo is pro
nounced Aiklo by many, but the old
inhabitants will have it that it is
Ackley; Sall is locally Saul,and Reop
ham is spoken of as Roefham. Sim-.
ilar examples are frequently met
with in Sussex. Thus within easy I
distance of one another are Cuck- t
field, Stoyning and Hurstpierpoint. E
The first is lpronounced Cookfleld,
the second Stanning, while the third I
is docked to Hurst.
In the same way Badlesmoro, in 1
Kent, is called Basucero; Ringway,
near Northendon, in Cheshire, is pro
nounced Runjor; Circencostor, in
Gloucestershire, is styled Cisitor,
and Koighley, in Yorkshire, is in
variably spoken of as Kcithley.
Again, the inhabitants of Pontefract
call their town Pomfrot, and in the
north generally childrei ask for
"Pomfrot cakes" when .they want
The foregoing examples, however,
are not merely dialectical peculiari
ties, like Owdham, Bowton, Raehda
and Bleghurn for Oldham, Bolton,
Rochdale and Blackburn severally.
Rather are they, many of them,
place pot names of which, there are
also other forms. One may be illus
trated by Maidstonuo. The natives
of the people about the town gon
erally call it Mcdstow, which spell
ing the writer once saw on a gypsy's
Then the names of the places are
frequently shortened in conversa
tion. Bournemouth is locally spoken
of as Bourno, just as Birmingham
is called Brum, and Ashby-de-la
Zouch is curtailed to Ashby-della.
Nottingham "lambs" in like manner
often call their city Notts, and as
for such places as Market Harbor
ough, Stony Stratford, Fonny Strat
ford and so on one of the two words
is considered quite sufficient, either.
the adjective or the noun.
Some towns have their names
docked, as Wolverhampton, which
is locally called Hampton, while
others are cut down to fornus which
no stranger would understand. Tun
bridge Wells, for example, is simply.
"the Wells," and on the same prin
ciple Liverpool is "the Pool." Com
I pleto alterations of place names are
rare, but the sovereign will of the
people has gone to that length. The
Southeastern Railway company,
when it founded a town in Kent
called it Alfred, a name which,
I though it has its faults, possesses at
least the merit of brevity, but it has
Sgradually becomp to be known as
Ashford Now Town, so called be
cause of its proximity to Ashford.
Romp With the Children.
"Chauncey Depew advised fellow
diners recently to join with their
children in their play and romp
with them if they would enjoy life,"
said a youngfatherrecently. "Well,
I took his advice," he continued,
"but I find that my little boy of 3
years can stand a good deal more
than I can.
"'He led me a merry dance this
morning playing hide and seek all
over the house. When, after an
hour, I told him we had had enough
of that, he proposed something else
and so on until I was on the point of
"It is all right to romp with your
children, but you should get into
training first. [t is harder. than
chopping wood, football or any other
form of athletic exercise with which
[ am acquainted.' -Now York Jour.
General Gordon's Story.
General Gordon of Georgia tells
Sthe following story of the war period
to illustrate the shrinkage of the
"One day a cavalryman rode into
camp on a reasonably good horse.
S'Hello, cavalryman,' said a foot sol
s dier. 'I'll give you $3,00 for your
r horse.' 'Yougo to (th bad place),'
r was the horseman's reply. 'I just
paid $1,000 to have him curried.' "
Jess-The first thing Mrs. Blocker
a did was to break her husband of all
a his bad habits.
s Bess-Then what?
e Jess-He became so insipid that
she had to sue for a separation.
S SOME STATISTICS OF FISH.
The United P' tc $ Lead the Coilltri-s cf it
the World hi the Fishinai indlustries.
The United St-ates stand at the
head of time latiols of the world in e'
respect of the liclOlult of fish ciaug:ht, IT
the value of the samem a.ld the nlla- sl
ber of men ren;aed in fisheries. In
respect of the number of ships cm- 1
ployed in fMsheries, thcro are 50,000 ii
in the Uniedtl State;, 3:,000 in Grea:t a
B3ritain, 31, 00 in i Norway, 2,000 in I
France a:ld 1;,000 in Italy. The ti
world over 1,000,000 ' ') nu ma:intain ti
themselves from the labors of fish- i
ormcen, and of tho:su 130,0,00 are in *
the United States. Franco follows I
with 140, 000, Grcat Britain with 1
130,000 and i-Norwav with 10,0(00. tl
The next highest is lnussia wiih GS,- o
000. In reneet of the number of 11
tons of fioh ncaught Ceahl year, the
United States stald fiirt., and Great si
Britain comes next. fI
The averagc valio of the fishories P
of the worli is in a vyer 4(110,000,- t
000, and to thecse fi:ures tyhe United b
States cont:ibutes noarly 50,000,- il
000. With fish of courso are included t'
oysters, clams, scallops, crab:., lob- t
sters and shrimps. The whale fish
cries do not amount to mc!lh nowa- L
days, and two states may be said to
monopolize the whale fisheries of
the United States-Massachusetts
and California. In the catch of fish
Massachuset~ts stands at the head of a
the political divisions of the United
States, and Alaska comes second. o
New Jersey outranks New "York.
Maine outranks bothi.. The oyster r
and clam intverosts of the country
are not as weiT diversi.Fed as the c
fisherios. .',ryl:and coe.;.s first, then
Now York, then Virgi;:ia and then
New Jersey. Florida r:mllts near the
top in the valuo of its annual fisher- c
ios. Twenty-eight of the -14 state:;
have a rev'tluae of some sort from
fishories, this bi,g Ilighest in Ma- C
sachu;sett.:, with Y.ý,000,000 a year,
and lowe' ;mong the states in Min
nesota, vwithl $25,000. 1
The herring fisherioes of Scotland i
are at the herd of the list for hor- 1
rings. They anmount in a year to
750,000 tons. In the catch of codfish 1
Norway cOn::es first. Iliddock is
largely c2a:ilht in Ito waters of Eng- a
land, salmon in Ireland'and-sardines I
in Spain, Italy and France. In the
United States, California is making
the largest strides in the develop- 1
ment of its fisheries. The last fig
ures give 40,000,000 )ounds as the
amount of salmon cnsumned for can
ning purposes in a yeoar inl the three
Pacific states.of California, Oregon I
and Washinglton. The transporta- I
tion of fish from one country to an. I
other is an inmpirtant item of com- 1
meore, and it has becomo more so
since the incroaso ill canied fish,
which has very larroely taken the
placo of the salted articlo.--Now
French or Engillih Landscape?
In Franco English paintors have,
broadly speaking, fearned their busi
ness. They have imbibed Gallic
prejudices and learned to treat na
ture in the manner o(f French artists
and dwell up1n the1 peouliarities
which those artists. have developed
from the study of a country which
is essentially dilfferent in color, at
molsphero and significance from our
own. And then they have returned
to England, and settling at Nowlyn
or elsewhere have endeavored to sooee
England through .French spectacles
and haveo produced such a queer;
hybrid hotch potch of the two coun
tries as never yo~t mortal man re
All this, I am sorry to say, has
been hailed with the utmost jour.
nalistie enthusiasm. It was novel;
it was foreign; it was onlightonqd;
it was, in fact, everything which a
Writer, properly disgusted with his
country and properly regardless of
the traditions of his country's a'r,
would most admire. And I confess
that absolute succeos seems at the
present m'mont to have attended
the propaganda. I walked through
the Royail academy with tolerable
Scare twice recently, and though I
Ssaw, as I always do see, much that
1was fine and interesting I hardly sAw
one single landscape painted in the
Sol4 English manner.--lHarry Quiller
in National Review.
A professor who visited the Rus
Ssian town of Vitobsk for the pur
r pose of making anthropomotrio
Sstudies of the local inhabitants nar.
rowly escaped with his lifo. The
measurement of the heads gave rise
to the conviction that he was the
Sdevil in person affixing his seal to
CI their foreheads, and the more cour.
e agoous among them resolved to at
tack gim and if possible to destroy
o him. Fortunately the ispravnik of
, the district prevented the infuriated
. peasants from carrying out their in
According to an English authori.
ty, the earliest lifo assurance policy
of which particulars have been pre
r served was made on June 15, 1583,
Sat the "office of insurance within
the Royal exchangeo" in London. The
policy was for £383 6s. 8d., to be
t paid to Richalrd Martin in the event
-of William Gybbons dying within
A BOWERY CUSTOM.
It Is Always In Force, and From It There
Is No Escape. f
Tho Bowery is-the Bowery. If
every inhabitant of the street should
move around into OGrand or Houston
street, thoso who took their places
would continue the idioms of the
Bowery. Every saloon on the strec t
has its ways, and the ways of one
are not the ways of another. When
I drop iito a certain llalce, I know
that ii; is the custom for me to troeat
the b:ariender; in another it is all
hands up; in a third one I can drink
alone, and so it goes. I don't exact
ly h:ankcr after saloons, but the
Bowery and saloons are so united
that you can't have one without the
other. I thuought I wason to all the
130o; cry customs, but I struck some..
thing now the other diay. It was a
saloon that I had never visited be
fore, and after looking around for its
partiular characteristics and failing
to finld anything I sat down to my
beer. I had scarcely done so when a
man who had probably sooeen me en
ter loughed in and said to the bar
"Jim, did a bloomin bloke drop in
here and ask fur beer?"
"lie did," was the reply.
"Just ono glass fuir himself?"
"And ho purceedod to sot down
and drink alone, did ho?"
"That's what he puircoded to do,
or I'm a liar.
"Do you think," continued the
man as.ha turned for a look at me,
"that the bloomiu bluko knew the
custom of the placo?''
"I do,". replied. the bartender,
"but heo \,as a bilk, you see."
"And do you see the feller dls you
cast your eyes around the room?"
"Yes, I see him."
"And I think I see him too. Jim,
customs must be maintained."
"Ye(s, they must."
"Whop a bloomin bloke tries to
bilk the bartender and the bouncer,
it's a dooty we owe the Bowery to
p.'aralyzo him. Here goes mo lint,
and hero goes me coat, and I spit on
me hands, and'.'
"Gentle.men," said I as I rose up
and walked to the bar, "will you do
me the honor to drink with me?"
"We will, " they replied in chorus.
"Every saloon has its custom, you
"And I am no blooriýin bloke."
"No, sir, and hero's lookin at you."
An.d while I waited to finish my
boer the same game was played on
five other innocents who had comeio
in hit slake their thirst.--Detroit Free
Climate and Tonguesn.
Gutturals predominate in Norway
and Russia, whereas far to the
southward in. sunny Italy there is a
preousion of such euphonious names
as Palermo, Verona, Carapobollo and
so forth. Even in the British isle,
covering so foew degrees of latitude,
there is a marked difference botweon
the "burr" of the highlander l .nd
the soft spoeechb of the. native of
.A theai.y which may partly ac
count for these climatic effects is
based upon tile contrast of the still
ness which usually pervades south
ern landa with the stormy ihrquietude
of northorn countries. Cloudless
skies for months at a time oharac
terizo the climates of.Italy, while
a firmament entirely free from
clouds is rareo in Norway.
It requires of course greater effort
to be hoard in tlo regions which
aro swept by winds and storms than
in still southern latitudes, and to be
heard distinctly amid the noise and
confusion of the. elements words
must be used which .contain.many
Among the inhabitants of m6ro
tropical climes the tendency is to
ward soft and musical cadence, and
traveleors relate that in regions in
South America, such as Peru and
Venezuela, where atmospherio.dis
t~irbances are rare, the natives al
most chant the phrases of saluta
What She LackL
Score one for the old fashioned
woman. She has a sphere of usoful
ness from which the new woman is
barred. She cannot ride a bioyole
so weoll possibly, but that is not a
particularly useful accomplishment,
no matter how much enjoyment
theoro may hbe in it. And to offset
that the old fashioned woman has
given an illustration of something
she can do that is nearly as, far bo
yond the new woman as it is beyond
A lioy in New York fell through
the opening in a fire escape landing
at the fifth floor. An old fashioned
woman was sitting on the steps be
low. The child caromed on the cop
ing over the doorway and landed in
the woman's lap. That saved his
life, and beyond a bruise as the re
sult of striling the coping he was
Of course the question immediate
ly arises, -Of what use would a man
1 have been uhder sunoh oiracumstances?
s Clearly none. He has no lap. And
3 of what use would a new woman in
t bloomers have been? Just as little
1 and for the same reason.-Chicago