Newspaper Page Text
Jije ifc!3 of re3oh).
G. W. BEOWIT; Editor,
J. XL GREE27S, Aaaodate Editor.
Lawrf ECf, Saturday, 2Iar. 8, 1858.
TERMS! . -
$200 PEE AHOTHIH ADYASCE.
1 - - i I
Editor at Topcga Associate toiler.
TVi mrm h will Hctto, and we are glad of it; for we should gtojcn from tne back of a maawho has
i.opea,wnere L. , , - - - j-- -VU f5rtvAfrirhf iiw.U.niA -wbirb rarrv a" curse
The editor iaai'
prooaoiy remain g
of thai body for thebenefct ci bfSTeaaers j
in ine meantime me Associate wwr, i
.. . .i . Tya: I
who has been connected with the paper
for sometime past, will lend his aid in
rendering the Herald of Freedom inter
esting to its patrons.
Goy. Robinson's Message
- t -i
.r; - -. j
livered his Message to the legislature.
we issued that document rom the Herald
of Freedom office in an Extra; It has
been read by the people' generally and
so far as we hive observed, they are
unanimous in ascribing to it a high meed
of praise. Ordinarily, important Siate
uroinaniy, important o.aie
the subjects-of pretty sharp
criticism, but Gov. Eociksos's Message
is a happy exception. , It comes square
up to What the people have been expect
ing ; it is just such a message as we hate
all wanted to see from the first Governor
of our new State, and is well calculated
to inspire us with renewed strength in
fcustaining our cause through whatever
struggles we may yet have to pass. It
is terse and vigorous in style, remarka
bly comprehensive on the subjects of
which it treats, liberal to an unusual de-
gree, and cannot fail to receive the closest I
perusaj ana ite nignesi encomiums iromservauve men 01 an Classes 10 come u a
the Dress and Dedcle of the Anti-Slaverv
portions of the Union.
'It ia -not our ouise;to--ew. -itat
it is not our purpose to review; it at
will read it for themselves but we can-
Knm nf ; mnct. I'mnirton rA...M . .
In the course of our experience we
have noticed that New England men al-
ways talk early and forcibly about edu-
cation-they have been used to living in
a country wnere the people build
wiwiiwubM anu raiseroen, ana ins
tlieir custom to carry this peculiar
,; -,t. . w...
we Kavener greamessana prospenty to
an8Wer. GOT. Mmsnn kratPMt c.
ally New Englandish, urges earnest at-
tention to the subject of Education, and
mo esiaousnment 01 a good uommon
School system; for "education of the
r" ivmwuu jvmwi cuuuauou .!iwlu receive you von suspicion lor a
ine palladium ot our liberties. Without
this, free institutions cannot exist : with
it. tvrannv and ormressinn must Hin.
rrr,rH I,;. AeW;AM i,
or the public lands as correct. Hereto-
right of the human family to the owner
ship and occupancy of the soil " without
money and without price," have battled
for reform in the walks of private life ;
but now that Governors of States come
' out in favor of the Rights of man, we
toe hopes of a bstter time coming
Give men a pvece of land t3 make - a liv
ing from, and you strengthen their at
tachment to society and increase the chan
ces of their remaining good citizens ttn-
fold. We would that legislators could
get na oi tne idea that Land lteform is
. ..!....- . - .1
visionary and impracticable. It is, of all
reforms, eminently .practicable and tlie
inost needed. -'One, perhaps the great-
est, clog on the wheel of yeten Pro-
gress, is Land Monopoly. Here in Knasas
we are exceedingly gratified to see great
numbers of small land-holden filling up
ine country in advance ot tne frpecuU-
tors ami Li nd Bharks.
: The Governor's refutation of the char-
ges Frank Pierce hatched up in his mes -
sages and proclamation fs complete and!
overwneimmg. una nopie vindica -
tion of the course and policy of the trou-
le-environed people of Kansas.. Out of
.v t.?W:w?JKW 01
quaKer coyereigniy m.iavorroi ;rte-
dom have not met the approval of the
nimiumnaMwwmn.- he designs settling on a claim. Itispos
, w sible he intends following the oceupal
. rtheirvocabulary, are synonymous treat, tion he pursued in Califorsia. to wit :
Northern Democrats who advocated that driving ox team. He U well qualified
;prudpk.totik-qiiitea different view of for the pursuit, and will finditathou:
.oflvansas ac- daei more creditahW than attempt-
- pie tayyiveu, - ween . icey. leit. meir old
... ponies; &e liaVe'-ag demanded
sviEzXjuVliu. jys&jj&VjF kn'd
,i4 erea nowJalrsS'lir-snSeonii and
:'ioilf;upo that "great principle." We
: .c:iHKtP5e? "left free to" form cur ab5
tsesuituticnmBrfiwn way," yet
v ;if Aresj will adit us bio tit Union
ly reccmstaded to the conaiHeratica of
the " LegUUture. 5 Also, th csVUsh
ment cf .' ehariuble institatjons. iThe
i-5lfPJ 57 Efrtksli Squattier. Bov'ex.
. - V I Tli ghject of Temperaset 44n.st-
vv.ww. -wj -V . - ... I
r4- VV WnUnJ T?irnfrrTit Aid
Association torn to im attacks of the
.u:du.. U ,;.. CnHin to
Ansa of corporations of private individ,L
... - ... 1
uals, evinces no less the weakness oi pis for
cause than ms own imoicuiij, v . tiiecks r .that Hbpse who? enslave w
-Wa lirft crfullr read me Message, are
and give Hour
; . " . - ' 1 .
pie, as we would
eirce, their most
r : " :: . :.
ill - ., i i cuucut a 4u .
-. : .
. The Effect.
-The President's' special, message and
proclamation concerning Kansas affairs,
have apparently had a'iavorabler effectron
the nro-slaverv nartv in Missouri ana
" ..... 1 I
I m f 4 . j - -i
'.able wecsii honestly, ob- . -t : .iuire.jivi tl&'ei
,-.lperg that tne.eixaracter;-oi , we, puwro
meetings since tne '-issuance a -tnose
documents has been somewhat on the
conservative, order. " At Tecumseh, Kan-
sas, on' the 13th ult, a meeting was
held by the few pro-slavery people who
reside in. that Hcinity at which speeches
were mde and resolutions passed very
of the President-r-H
Messrs. Byerly and HoagTand, hoth
Northern men. the former from Phila
nan party, the latter trora oyracuse, n.
Y., Gen. Stnckler and others, were con
spicuous in the meeting. We copyone
of the resolutions: ' ..
Resolved, That we consider the
I nraspnt MS ft most RUSniCloUS Lime lor ine I
true '0 bona fide settlers and .con-
perfect understanding and unite upon
wne Platform- T,ie supremacy of the
Iwssovereity of the People of the
Territory, and Non-intervention with or
the pepple pf tw States.?; ; kv f '
J iJ -fiaW. t
11C2 1C1l . UCUilb- I
mftn vou snouia have taten mat siana j
w . . .. -1
j - j ; o 1
our thunder." While you and your
While you and your
confederate scoundrels in Missouri have
Unored the Democratic rule of Popular
ignty. and reckless of ;Uie conse-
quences substituted thesavage law. of
M ffht. the Free State rartv. embracmir
" r T . - -rr--
peeping u oerare iueo. w mar gu.ae,
and miia direction are now nearing
.1. j e . 1-. V-.. o i..
juieuay 01 irimupu. iuu opuao uic
cause of popular rule 1 too iate in.the.day.
ye have'n't much faith in the honesty of
your professions ; but there is some hope
if you prove true in the future. We
r "Douglas County Scrip.
From the time of Esop's donkey to
tll VMUtcnnt imitallnn lino llAAn ia lap I
"10 ""uu " UGVU ,l".w,uv'
U . ,7 ' 7 au 7i 7t7
County" appointed by the bogus Legis
lature, seeing how leadily the peop!es
State Scrip was used as a "circulating
i medlum,, straightway laid their sconces
together to produce a County Scrip.
How well they succeeded the reader can
juuaw .... ,
" No.-rr Lecqmpton City, K. TV 1
is entitled to receive on demand from the
ireasurer oi wougias uouniy, ioi-
iars, wim mieresfcui, six per cent, per an-
num, payable -year-rom date,, for
wJuVh th fth nf thA flnnntv i niw.
ed. By order of the Board of County
Commissioners, - Pres't Board.
' . l
The motto is : "The principles of
squatter sovereignty must. be obeyed.--
President Pierce." We imagine if peo-
pie take this stuff relying on the pledged
.faith of the county of Douglas for its
redemption, they will have a flimsy pay-
master, fcone but m Missourians wUl be
gulled into its purchase, and as most of
them are unable to read they won t know
1 the difference between it and paper mon-
y It will answer very well forcigar-
1 guwr i - - .
; v. ; caksrmm
.mi Senate has confirmed tha nomina - 1
of WniqSHAWro Governor of Kan-
. , ; ,
:-atrri t' '. -ij n . err'
sas, but iwirTe.:roJeing against him.
We shaU walcoWiiia-return-.with great
ure toour State". It is reported that
llembera ia Attendance. J -
JLIfwj zi-coBerpf ihe oemerf otthe
pro?tibffiota$ -Tiola -flnciber than is
-usUaJca 'zilch occasions: id -similar as
. yTc?eka Las
hay b!iaisorlhVtownTlw the in
dieatiosscf thrift are observable on every
hand. Success to he r enterprising spirit.
delphia, Pa:,-who professed long ago": to about 82;000 subscribed to help the free
be a ".auatter nrtrjgnf' ' fj
rne!hsith tftam iWfe.M el TMa T
awitv . Yiv- fen person,
pie to nave a cede ot uwa lof tutir. Srtrjrv
U3V& ."Em .t52din?s
. C CVW ftfl
itt "OeaTS Weuw au uwv. v.
Continent," pge :2?3pein.of
Rome, tha author remarks. : ... -. v
nation will feel, tn&k in : lorsnns euaw
on the Tnad. t
. 'I - -? : . ,.,w.is.. nrl
. What can be more , peentHui, jor mora
expressive of the condition of things tx-
stin g belweeii the yzofa of - Kansas- and
the skverv' propaganda"1, of Missouri?
the slavery propaganoa
Every effort of theirs for bur subjugation
has recoiled upon them, and, if persisted
in, will roll back upon Missouri and crush
out the institution which has been at the
- , . .. j .. : vmc(ta it
tnsT ri nil inpir innjaua ulfuu uaumo.
cnH will fnllnw their afiressions. Would
" - ; QO .
it. not be wise in.thep .to take; counsel
from experience, and change their policy
at once 7 Wisdom worn a aiciaie u i
' ;"V 'jLrblHo tetter:
The editors "ot. trie Chicagd Tribune
write us from ; that city, under date of
Chicago, -Feb. 15,-1 B56
En. Herald or Freedom : There is
on W yoar Committee of Rubric
Safety and other proper persons, not" to
purchase tcrip but to pay for munitions,
necessaries: &c.V for the assistance of the
free State cause We shall raise consid
erable more means, and when- the spring
uueus vou uinv iwa iui a toio uuuvvs
minmn dn .will handlA an ATA -or
Sharp'? rifle. 'as occasion may. require!
. fho whole Western States are pro-
foundiv moved with indignation at the
wrohg8 your pebple have sustained.
Assistance will pour in next spring in
Rbundance. V'Though the Heavens fall,
dr the Union be rent in twain",-Kansas
shall not he cursed with slavery, is the
-.V :'VU6icebf the "North. Bo" of coOd cheer,
.T. . .
and. Drove faithiui to tne cnu. .-i our re-
: t . , " -.r,
wara win sureiy come. ciiwi
nponlo are" with 'us. ' ffoiri? from town to
DebDle are" with "us," ffoiri
city.aa' plisiidnariesin a1 holy ",cause.
ar dojng'gieatgood:'; '
GoodwiU come of it: ' Very truly yours.'
. itS. lxu-uunii.
Meeting at Leavenworth City.
-r-.u,,!:,. meeUn!j held in Leaven-
. 23dist- pubIished in
another column, for the purpose, of call
ing the -attention 6( Kansas business
men to the advantages of making tha ir
purchases at that point, laying out roads,
fec. We have heretofore spoken favor
ably of such a movement, and reiterate
our preference for Leavenworth over any
town in Missouri. .
After we shall have been admitted into
. it . Oi-1 - ,1 .? A rt
the Union as a r ree oiaie, aim gui nuui
. .-.j .,t
Ltf Kansas will unite in earnest and
Vigorous endeavors to push forward the
Vork.of. improvement, and the encour-
8rment of home interests. In all inat
ter8- wer6 tbe prosperiiy and progress
0f tjre state, or any sections thereof, are
iconcernea, we are wim vou, kcuucujcu,
without regard to political opinions. ' !
fl1o Temperance Movement
j.fni jn lhU city in the right
-. , . , : - .
direct,on, and grows m popular favor
every day. The. meetinjrs havebeennu-
merouslv attended, and an unusual de-
0f interest evinced. - The prelimi-'
nary steps toward the i6rmation of a
Society have been taken," nearly ' every-
body in town has signed the pledge, and
; 0nlv remains for those particularly in
terested to go ahead with the- work of
breaking up the rumsellerV business.
Theladieshave entered into the move
1 ment with their usual energy and spirit
which will insure complete success.
. A Great Blunder. .
In an article last week on the redemp-
i tion of State Scrip, we were made to say.
through a b.lunder of the types, that
G. W. & W. nutchinson a Uo., were
- v. ft,RW'e,
ISUUiUIMCU VJ VJjkfWW o ,
V .1 . ' " '
tfec," when we; had. only: intended to
say ffteeii hundred dollars. " There is
some difference' beiireen '.r,fiCS0 and
i5,pop! ; . ; ;
A little article 'from the Springfield,
Mass., Republican, headed ".The lan
victim to Law and Order in 'Kansas,",
which we published last week, contained
an important , error. The Mr.- Brows
therein referred to is not the man wEo
waVTab inhulsranljmufdered at Easton, a
few weeks agorbnt-is an entirely differ-.
who, so iar irom being aeaa.
iii piisjEtateV'and an active
Free State man. Wiethe! Pe?xblican
paper durisJhe tsson ot tSuTtegisjfri
of VTestporV -
-TSTlTrpt -no- mails- fiinV ilis- tt&jtorn$rt!i to their dictation.
we pave hod to cau east j
'.S2as4s5Eforei -v-.-v v. tgrant to us the same rights and lmmuni---.
. . .riwv?iv;a, .Ttieathkt it has rranted to other States
; j- . 'u'i't MtMlt Tfp ww. . I
Chief Qeri, tphAuen, .ori?!"!
Assistant UisxK;)iinsaoa. w ,o-
i?ta i ; SerVreanWlt- Anna - Oh PI
Assistantrdo., JphnIJX, of JLawrence;
n r ..e A .
bhepherd.. t j ? i....f.
ColRoberta siid: 3&e.i :,x
Statk oIUKSAinumirig the po-
siiion 10 wnicu 1 jiac urecuvaiicu uj
people of nsasnIh6uf'do- injustice
to my feeffaliouid'ot express thro
you to the people Jay :gtatkude " for i the
pledge myoesre6jtei6ni confi
dence 'they have teSed iinr me ;': and also
to bespeak your lorbearance and tneir
chariiy forstfch erforir'as Jou and- they
may detect in-the ts&harge of the duties.
deV6:upbitfBe.?dl tuc ;. .":.." :..
f Without youre-op6ration : I should
despair of sucte but' with every confi:
de'nce in yOurdeftamation to discharge
your" duties faithfullyi' a'nd-with a fixed
intention on my partxa prpsiae over jvm
delibationswHh?mpartiality and tidelr
ity to the best of' iy ability, I mustbe
allowed to anticipated session fruitful of
good to the pte of Kansas. ; - .
The ciiumsUaoe-J under . which we
have assernDfed? afld-.4fnder which our
State orrarirzattotffcK been formed, are
suchas t6c'deinantfdf us the most careful
consiQraliohfaeW of. pub-
lip poney upon whwu;: wc maj. wwu
to act.-: " ':9 A V-
. TheWeaor.flieOple of Kansas are
upon us':;the"reyes'Of the people of the
Aiiieriuau uuiuume upu ua w
deliberations be;ehaacterixed: by a fixed
determinatipii'to1 mlflnia n the right; and
so to'deDort ' ouielves as to demand the
Ind liarffe'the -scrutiny of
1 "I . - . - O . . m
Cur InfantBeJnulicis this' day born
of the popular wjjrf 6ur edifice is found
ed upon td'e'trueMs of 'popular sover
eign ty i'and if wes Si-e true to our inter
ests, our sticxksV'under - smiles of
Divine Providence; is'secured.
HousjE.Gen.'. jr. H.Lani, as Chair-
ffian'of the Executive Cqmmittee, called
the House to order; which was organized
by the election o'f .ihe" following officers :
. Speakef. T. STnard ; Clerk, J. K.
Goodin ; Transcribing Clerk, J. Snod
grass ; "Assist, .Q.T. Gordon ; Ser-
ereantatTArms..J.. Mitchell ; As't J.
Swam; JJoorkeeper, J. Uranson; As't
L. FarnswOrttf 'Uliaplainr, iiev; Love-
joy; Messenger .m. opeer; asi u
. Hon. T. Minard in assuming the du
ties of . Speaker,, said :" "
Gentlemen of tle -Hpusr of Hepreseiita-
I assume the office of Speaker of this
House with greatdiffideuce and adistrust
oi my own. anilities 13;, aiscnarge its au
ties, which nothing but my confidence in
your sympathyraml hearty coroperation
could impel me4o.attterapt . We are sur
rounded by " circumstances 'in some de
gree unprecedented in - the history . of
omie organization;: uemanuuig cuin uts
li be rat ion, '.prudent. forbearance, and at
ine same . time faj nrm .- uewrminauon 10
pursue the rifflitjifldoing nothing but jus
tice,anutsubniittffl'to n'pthing wrong,
let the consequences be what they, may,
I shalL endeavor o- preside over your
deriberationarj?Uh impartiality and fideli
ty, and shall au&tpate ?ai the result of
your acuonmaj passag-rOL wise laws,
and theV establisunent, of, enlightened
and liberal insUCJUons.
Both brtiich "fiavinconvened in the
Hall of rthe HotSe; the oath of office was
administered tojte several State officers
by tne rresiaeni o; tne senate.
Gov. Robinsoaron his induction into
office, said: ' r'r '
FeUaw Citizens of the' General Assem
On taking tlieath of office, and assum
ing the duties . bfVthe ; Executive of the
State of Kans a 0 from me may
not - do improper, it. iias pieasea iuc
people of Kansas to' call us from our ac
customed duties,, to. discharge "high and
important irusis. in pur seeping, iora
oriel penoa, is juacea ine ljegisiauveana
Executive poWrif the new State. , To
us the, people .look for'wise and whole
some laws, and te, .faithful administra
tion ot ine uavgrnmenion ine truepnn
ciples of Kepubiicanism and 'Squatter
ooveregnivu pe execuuon oi ims
trust, it. will 5e" my pleasure no Jess
thanjsy d?ty,.to co-operate with ybu in
all measures fdre'gcid of the people.
Our position -.is" peculiar "Althou2h
the people of KaiisAI have followed pre
entat.themW!peri5eiv States, and
;- - j t'irt irli ' j .1:
sancjn ,oycAongress,. ana pro
ceedfuzi in'the torinatjonof aState gov-
ernmenare allegular yet, for the first
unaa-a toe . njsxrj 91: onrcouniry, we
President aotUits "appointees cliaracierize
tha movement as . treasonable." ' This was
not to l ejfpectSdTrpm "the advocates of
es.to;e fefPt of ,the xrntory
TffecdrIrea toijrmdresulate 'their
ntss.in.iaejr own way.
an adjomininjto Tth'.the .Presi
denltio) oppjigteepedpie tf Kiisas in
pM in the duit By ofSciil - iatrieresce
or lawless tav&sios, the people of bJt.n
hair.'-aid th-:Bet5ta4a3:4uily; rorgaaare sugeble; than. attempt to ri
hr uie'elecliutrof tie foflowmffw! selves bra hasty resort to
. : 'vi Kxirf
A-ftS, ! . Nothing Aould be done i a spirit of
Topeb.; tetaliadoo; but nthef of concSialion.
Cumawg.ofTopsUAjgO;. J. U .i.k,.!, . ; -Vihtj hare ham re-
the Kans.al h&hKh'VT9f?s'
suDec -cy we; jupntuuiion 01 ; trie
HnijiSJstesiV r&cai of ihe people of
a&a would be justified before the world in
asserting their.rights by revolution ; but
since it is believed that Congress will
- e' . . .
-it is better, to suffer while evils
sures.v. , - . , .
Our course as a people, thus far; has
been Cist1n2u1s.hed.1br .forbearance, long
t?i;L Jfufferinr. and patience ; and good policy
r. ... :i ufl
effort be made to establish and cultivate
friendly- relations .with our .oppressors;
peatedly invaded and wrested from us,
let us.show that we respect the constitu
tion and laws of our laud, and the rights
of the people "of the respective States
that, until forbearance ceases to be virtue,
and becomes cowardice and oppression
. rr i f lri - 11 . V .
Because msuneraoie, we win eier w
found loyal citizens of Jthe Government.
Important questions will come Detore
you .for consideration, and it 'cannot be
expected that perfect unanimity will pre
vail upon any subject, yet it is desirable
and necessary, with the various elements
in a jjeoiMaiurc pi uew uuw, ma o
spirit of-concession and harmony should
characterize the members, that the en
actments may carry With them a moral
force that will cause them to be Tespecleo;
by the People.' ;
The position allotted us by the parti
ality of our fellow-citizens is one of great
responsiDimy, ana we neea inai wisuora
which comes from above, to "so-direct us
that we may render a good account of
our actions to our constituents and pos
Both Houses adjourned to 9 o'clock,
A. M., to-morrow.
Public Meeting. ."
Leavsnwoetu City, Feb. .23, '56.
At a larce and respectable meeting of
the business men of this city, held this
evening at the Mayor's office, Mr. L N.
Rees was called to the , chair, and C T.
Harrison chosen secretary.. The chair
man stated that the-object of this meet
ing was to appoint a delegation of mer?
chants of thist;ity, to wait on the busi
ness men of Lawrence, Lecompton, le-
ciimseh, Topeka, and other towns along
the Kansas river and interior 01 me ler-
ritory to represent to them the advanta
ges this city has, over any other on the
Missouri ruver lor a commercial iuicr
course with tiie whole Territory.
On motion of Mr. S. J. Anthony, a
delejation of seventeen were appointed
to wait on the business men of the above-
named towns, and ak their co-operation
in makinff roads from this city to the
above-named points, when the following
gentlemen were chosen :
Wm. JS. Murphy, .Mayor; j. j. uiarn
son, Dr. G. J. Park, I. W. Skinner, Mr.
Isaac-Hall. Mr. C. F. Currier. Dr. J. H.
Day, Mr. S. J. Anthony, Mr. L. N.Rees,
Chas..T. Harrison, Mr. JN. Mcuracken,
Mr. W. P. Marvin. Mr. A. Fisher, Wm.
Endeman, Jeremiah Clark, Geo. Keller
and John J. Benz.
On motion of Mr. C. F. Currier, an
invitation be extended to such ciiizens as
wish to co-operate with us. .
On motion of Mr. Hall, a committee of
five was appointed to draft resolutions,
when the following gentlemen were cho
sen : ,
Hon. Wm. E. Murphy, Doctor J. H.
Day, Messrs. Hall, Fisher and Currier,
who reported the following :
. Whereas, the city of .Leaven worth is
the great commercial emporium of the
Territory, the most eligible point on the
Missouri river for the trade of the Kan
river at Lawrence and other towns
on said river; and whereas, the country
west of our city is the most, fertile and
tbe richest of any part pf the Territory,
and that we look upon the business of
the Kansas river country as already large
and constantly increasing, and that the
1 J . . e 11
business community 01 our cuy are wen
prepared to furnish any supplies or any
lacilllies lor uusiuess purposes wuaieter.
1st. Resolved, That we will co-ope
rate with any of the inhabitants on said
river,' and any citizens 01 saia towns on
the same, in laying out any roads that
shall be considered favorable to all inter
2d. Resolved, That we consider it of
vital interest to the citizens of this city
and vicinity, and of Uie utmost import
ance to the settlers on Kansas river, that
they be respectfully invited to make our
place tneir poini 01 iraae. .
. ' .. - ... C x
3d. Uetolvea, mat .Leavenworth
City being the nearest accessable point
on the Missouri river, ia me lemsory,
ana possessing supenor commercial ad
1 ! L 1 J
vantages lor me lnnaoiiants on tne ivan-
sas river, and other interior towns, we
feel assured that we can make it our mu
tual benefit to secure said business inter
course. . -
. A subscription list was drawn up to
aid in building a read from this ciiy to
Lawrence. Messrs.' Marvin, Anthony
and Harrison were appointed to solicit
subscription and U. T. Harrison to act as
Treasurer. . .
On motion of Mr. A. Fisher 200 cop
ies of the 'proceedings of this meeting
were ordered to be printed in circular
form. ' Messrs. Park, Uurner and liar
risen were chosen as pnnting committee.
On motion of Mr. U. t: Courier the
proceedings were ordered to be publish
ed in the' Kansas Herald, the Lawrence
and Tcpeka papers", and all other papers
in the Territory, and such papers in the
tcsas may feel friendly to the cause.' .
' On motion cf Mr. Hall, the meeting
adjourned tomeet on Tuesday next at the
Mayor's office, L. N, REES, ChrW '
r Ceu. T. ILlerisos. Sec'ry. '-.
EST. It . is reported that immense dam
age has been done to the steamboats at
St. Louis in consequence of the breaking
up'ot the ice in the river. Several jboats
yrTQ sunfoandl others wer ctcshed to
pifciav .Qincinli, IaYls.aad othr
er places ca ths Hyers . have beea fcsiTy
saifsrert. v': vv'? -
lor tk J&tall rf Frtedvn.
Legislatora, Read and Fonder. .
TowKsnisn, Vt., Feb. 7, '58.
Dear Heuald or Freepom You
cannot know how anxious I am to hear
from and all about Kansas. I would
have written you before, but I have hard
ly recovered my strength and health suf
ficiently to be "moved by the spirit to
make any communications. Tha winter
thus far has been cold beyond all former
experience and "even as January, so Feb
ruary threatens - to withhold the accus
tomed "thaw." But if the weather is
cold, not so the free hearts that are anx
iously watching Kansas affairs', and swell
ins with ominous indignation towards
the perpetrators of the dark deeds
weekly chronicledof the Missourians
and their government aiders and abettors.
J ' The query is often put here, "What
will be the effectof the President's Kan
sas Message on the peace of the Territo
ry?' Will it not-incite to more frequent
and aggravated outrages on your defence
less population?" .,
. What will the facts, in your knowledge,
reply to these queries ? .-1 hope thfc atti
tude of the President will not discourage
the Free State population. Let them
read the band-writing on the wall of the
White House, and take courage. "Whom
the Gods would destroy they first make
mad;" and surely the pro-slavery party
in the Union is madly rushing on to its
own destruction. t uero mere note
1 , itri .1.
tens of thousands two years ago to coun
sel forbearanee and.excuse their position,
now there is not one ! No ; I have not
been able to find one, or to hear of one
solitary advocate in all this region' of
country. If such an one could be found,
he would not be regarded as worth a re
buke. All are anxiously looking for a
crisis in the cominsr spiinir : with what
reason, time will reveal. I am impatient,
f- 0 w -
In my present-necessary, absence .fropij
hane. My iiome is in Kansas, and come
weal or come woe, there is a - tie to her
soil and her, struggling people which I
cannot undo, and would not if 1 could.
I have not seen a number of the Her
aid since 1 left, and had not received the
number containing my last Communica
tion, which,' if you have, I beg you to
forward; also the other back numbers.
From what I have heard, I suppose you
have elected your regularly nominated
ticket for State officers. I think Kansas
is fortunate in having so many able and
firm men to represent her interests in a
home Legislature, and it there should be
any scrambling for offices in such trying
. - TT II
times as are upon ner, nansas may wen
glory in her aspirants for martyrdom.
Her "strong-minded" women will be
content to run bullets, transfer ammuni
tion, and inspire their husbands and
sons with hope, faith and courage, until
public offices of honor and trust are red
olent ot domestic peace ana quiet peiore
they ask a share in their responsibilities.
Yes, woman, self-denying now as in the
past, is forgetting herself and her wrongs
in tne gloat national wrong ir.atmreaiens
to deprive the manhood of the nation of
the right and the power to protect the
altars and the hearths consecrated to God
and humanity. But it seems to me that
the darkness which precedes the dawn, is
already broken by the reflected light o
the glorious sun of r reedom, the dark
shadows that envelope the beautiful prai
ries pf Kansas being the veil that rent in
twain,-shall assure the crucified humani
ty of our country of a most glorious ris
In my journey East, I was not a little
amused to notice the unconcealed surprise
t e ' . 1 '" t
and indignation 01 several pro-siavery
Southerners, wnen, in tne course 01 con
versation on Kansas matters, I mention
ed the intention of the residents from
the South and contiguous States, to ex
clude free blacks. And, from my obser
vation and the train of consequences that
must be apparent to any reflecting mind,
1 am convinced mat suen a restriction
will make the opposition to a Free State
tenfold more fierce. The leaders of the
opposition understand this, though the
mop wmcn ngnts ana runs in meir ser
vice are not readers, and lack the in for
maiion wmcn is oread cast among tne
came class of persons in the Free States.
Said a South Carolinian to me : " w bat
is to become of us when, in the course
of time, our slaves shall have increased
so as to crowd us on our own soil, if the
Free States shut their doors against black
emigration what, in God's name, are
we to do?" "In God's name, sir, you
are bound to provide against such an ex
igency by immediate and unconditional
restoration of the rights of the blacks.
They are not to blame for being where
they are. or what they are, and those who
have taken the responsibility, are in duty
bound, as they' will in the course of
events be compelled, to meet the conse-
auecces. I wash mv hands' of it. and
hope to see you do the best, as it will be
the right thing before too late. ' '
Feb. 12th. Since writing the above,
1 learn that your State ticket is elected,
and Dr. Robinson is to preside over the
new btate. It is well! I believe Kan
sas has a score of men qualified to pre
side over any of the bid States, and more
than fitted to the times that are trying
the souls of her people. But if I were
allowed to vote, 1 would esteem "myself
most happy to nave aiaea in mo election
of one of ihese a man without a super
ior in the qualifications absolutely ream
site in the initiating of the new. State.
But the. amiable Doctor of arms has a
most diabolic reputation among the Mis
sourians, so that when he deems it expe
dient to be amiable with them, they re
gard him onfy as."transfcrming himself
into an angel of light," and all the more
dangerous. Sharp's times and the gooc
Doctor are great annoyance to the Bor
"A1.tWt I cannot mt fcVin ttmi ta
beatlthe orttixationrof that''Legisl
ture! I find myself asking of vacaccr
a thousaad questions tonchmrr i J
tha rV '
rcter of the legislation which is to consj
crate the virgin, nay, the 'unagt soi?0f
Kansas, to a progressive civilization.
It is a legitimate subject of inquiry--,
what new rounds will Kansas add to tfc.
ladder of Freedom ?. for each . new Stat
has taken; some step in advance of iu
predecessors, rejected some legal barbar.
ism, some remnant 01 leudaiism still ia.
wrought in, the policy of older States"
What new pledges of humanity shalj
eternal justice wm from the. Legislator
of Kansas . That JCansas "will, legislat
with the intent 'to protect her "irAk
vicde citizens in the enjoyment of eqoi!
ngu, couceucu point. au cannot
do less-than this. -But the' black -males
and white females, what will she do for
them ? . The latter will be allowed to lir
in the State because happy circua.
stance the free "white males" can't m
along comfortably, without ,them 1 - Bat
will the area of their freedom be extend
ed? The adopted constitution israorw
their political rights ; will the Legisla
ture recognizo their equal, legal rights ?
Will it copy the laws of the Eanen
States, or the more generous provision!
of the Illinois and the Missouri code for
married women and widows ? Will ther
imitate 'the iaws of Kentucky and Can
ada and allow women (the ! educators of
the race,) to vote in district school meet
ings? Or will they continue to tax
widows and single women, yet gbt
them the right of representation, even b
matters admitted to be "in "woman't
sphere ?" Will our Kansas Legislator
learn from Iowa, and restore to the modi,
ere of the State .their joint . rights of
guardianship, giving the mother equally
wim tne tamer the control ot me cinij
during their joint live?, and in the erec:
of his death, recognizing her as guardiaa
during its minority ? I hope the warm
hearted, honest yeomanry among your
Legislators will see to this themselres,
for if the lawyers fix up the matter, they
may think the prospect for business ia
the settlement of estates fairer, if they
compel the widowed mother as in all
the States except Iowa to pay the court
fee for the privilege of bein? - aoDointed
guardian over her own children. Tht
widows and children, in the present ar
rangement of settling estates by law,
when the lathers die, are taxed and rob-
ers , administrators and judges: servicei
But the time is coming when thiVwhok
system of legal espionage will be abolish
ed; when community will deem it un
necessary and outrageous to send mei
into the desolated home of the widow to
overhaul . and- appraise . her. household
goodsdivide up the resources, discon
tinue the business, and. thus break hi
uie iamuy, oiten compelling me broxeo
hearted mother to "put out" her. Hu!t
ones from under her own care, and turn-
?lf out to service or the poor
I repeat, the time will come
when community will deem such a count
as suicidal to the interests of the family I
and community, as if applied in the case
of the mothers decease. . Let tbe wid-1
owed mothers remain as undisturbed as f
the widowed fathers toprosecute the bu i
nes. meet the debts, and keep their
children under their own hearing, and
let the action of probate courts be confin
ed to the settlement of such . estates and
such only as have no capable surviving
partner, in case such partner desires the
aid of legal advisers. If injustice ob
tains, let the courts decide, as in other
cases. Is this asking too much for wo
men, on whom the greater responsibility y
in the care and training of their children
is admitted to rest ? - If they are the
weaker sx physically, why do Legisla
tors cut them off .with less means for sup
port, when death severs tbe union?. The
surviving husband, the stronger man,
must retain his home and all the proper
ty when the mother dies, in order "to
keep the - family together I" But tha
mother, whose influence and training are
deemed so necessary for the Children, and
to prepare them for Statesmeuresidents,
Governors, J udges; Fathers , of strug
gling Kansas 1 I ask you not to. do bj
woman as she has been done by in the
legislation of other States I sk vou sot
to protect children as Ihey are protected
in other and old States, but I entreat yea
to legislate for the .mothers, legislate Lr
your wives as you legislate for yourselves.
Make them your companions,your equals
in legal rights, that in case you die first
your children may still nestle in a moth
er's arms, be restrained by the lovicf
authority of a mother, and never fail c(
a protector by reason of the legal inabB;
ity. 01 meir most disinterested parent
friend. v- r
But I did not intend to dwell so lotf.
on this point when I commenced. K
importance must be my excuse ; 11 1
will not Euffice.let me add I am a mother,!
and in the past have found my own band!
tied by the law which denies the righto:.
J: t V. C . 1 "1 J .
guaruiausuip over ucr urav cuuiucu
the mother married a?ain. -
With a heart painfully alive to thr
safety and honor of our noble, State, tk
is to be, 1 remain truly yours,
C. L H.
LetUr frcza J. S. Emery, "Csq: . fT
B pauxGTON,' Iowa,' 1 1 th.Feb-, 1 856-
To the Executive .Cbmmittae and tf
the Committee of Public Safety o Ki
sas. Gent. This evening 1 have tit
dressed the people of this city id xaatff
meeting assembled, at which his Exct. 1
lency Gov. Grimes presided. " I w f
alone, as Judge Smith is at Peoria. Ts j
largest Hall in town was filled; s Hesofy f
tions endorsing the position of tliej ,
State men of Kansas i.'and Jnstnxinsf
their ren'resentativei in Cocsrress to-.vo5, I
for our admission at once into the Unio
were unanimously adopted. ;. ' Also, a re j
olution pled ging themselves to raise j
000 for the defence of Kansas against j
foreign in vasions "was passed.' " Go vernor j
Grimes xnade some pertinent remark-
Although not that degree of enthusis- j
prevails in Burlington as in putney, V j
the Kansas question is; sharing a j
amount of public opyiicn., ; ioua win
her whole duty to prevent the tenA -
ifcoibv ncn-resideats Very respecuft
- xf. I - 1 : J; S. EHKR 1